ble. That we were in a monstrous hurry to take she arrested the preparations which she had begun, it by the hand may be true—we are inclined to and looked, in sullen silence, on all that folthink that it is true—though the Duke of Welling- lowed. toh did the deed. But the Duke of Wellington had Meanwhile Spain and Portugal were equally behad too much experience of the evils of war to come theatres wherein the liberalism of English plunge rashly into a repetition of them ; and believ- whig policy might disport itself The wise cauing that the elder branch of the Bourbons deserved tion of their predecessors, which would have left its fate, he consented to its overthrow rather than the people of these countries to settle their differbe the cause of disturbing the peace of Europe. ences in their own way, did not accord with whig We confess, however, that we could never see the views of fitness. The government of 1832 must propriety of extending the same countenance to the needs espouse warmly the cause of the young Brussels absurdity. The kingdom of the Nether- queen of Spain, and entered into an alliance with lands was a state almost wholly of our own crea- France with a view to reduce the Carlists. Now tion. It had been created as a sort of check upon if ever men in office took a step which was as conthe restlessness of France; and we had expended trary to sound policy as it was at variance with large sums of money for the purpose of putting its good faith, the whigs took it then. The title of advanced fortifications in good repair: yet, because the queen cannot be said to have been unquestionaa few discontented newspaper editors and clerks in ble, for it was disputed by a large portion of her public offices chose to get up an émeute, we folded subjects; and that the rest of Europe was at least our arms, and, declaring that the movement was a divided on the subject, the attitude of the northern national one, refused to put it down. No doubt the courts declared. But the partisans of the queen late king of Holland committed some grave errors. professed liberal opinions; and to win for these asHis attempt to introduce the Dutch language into cendancy in the peninsula, our own liberal ministhe Belgian courts of law was a blunder, and his ters seemed prepared to sacrifice all considerations notion of gradually Protestantizing the clergy of the of justice and old treaties. And what has been the church of Rome an idle dream. Did William result? A gradually declining influence at the very Frederick really expect to succeed? Had he stud- court to establish and maintain which English blood ied history so loosely as not to know that the Romish was shed in torrents, and English money squanpriests are the last men in the world to be moved dered away; and now we are reaping our reward in by any consideration, either of public or private the consummation of the Montpensier marriage, good, out of the course which offers the best assur- concerning which we do not hesitate to say that, as ance of aggrandizing their own order ? In these individuals whose pride and personal honor are not things he seriously committed himself, while the touched, we do not care one rush. somewhat phlegmatic atmosphere of his ambulatory While we have thus been laboring, through a -court suited ill with the tastes of his Flemish sub. series of years, to separate ourselves in Europe jects. But Frederick William's errors afford no from our natural allies, we have permitted matters eexcuse for the cool indifference with which we to take such a shape, both in North and South broke faith with him. The power which stood America, as must ultimately lead to evil. Of the foremost on the list of guarantees to the integrity Ashburton treaty we did not hesitate to give our of the kingdom of the Netherlands was the first, in opinion at the time. Excuse it as we may, there is the hour of difficulty, to desert a faithful ally; and no denying that it deserved the name which we not only to desert, but in conjunction with the then gave to it. It was a capitulation, and nothing people, as a counterpoise to whom it had, fifteen else. But let us not forget that the whigs, by proyears previously, set him up, to turn its arms crastinating the day of settlement till the events of against him by blockading the mouth of the Scheldt. the Canadian rebellion had stirred up the angry pasWe are happy to think, that for this gross act of pol- sions of both parties, left to their successors no alteritical bad faith the duke is not accountable. He went native except either to yield as they did, a great deal far enough in consenting to the usurpation of the too much, or to go to war. Now war is a very seFrench throne by Louis Philippe ; he never would rious evil. In Lord Aberdeen's opinion, it is more have sent an English fleet to assist the troops of -it is a national crime, and therefore, sooner than revolutionary France in consummating the revolu- be forced to commit a crime, he was guilty of a tion of Brussels, and robbing the house of Nassau weakness. It was a mistake on his part, which has of half its dominions.

not been without its influence on recent events. The effect of these two false steps—for false The people on the continent assert, and we are insteps they both were, though the last far exceeded clined to believe them, that had Lord Aberdeen in its folly the folly of the first—was to destroy all assumed a more determined attitude with Brother confidence of England among the northern powers, Jonathan, Cousin Louis Philippe would not have and to throw us into the arms of France. We had dared to precipitate the Montpensier marriage. made common cause with the movement, if, indeed, However, there are other and equally manifest rewe might not be said to have gone before it; and it sults of that spirit of bullying and procrastination soon appeared to them that we were become con- which marked the intercourse of former whig cabverts to the doctrine of propagandism. Accord- inets with the government of the United States. ingly Russia, while putting out the Polish rebellion, Out of our yielding on the north-western frontier, treated our remonstrances with contempt, and Aus- arose the vigorous tone with which President Polk tria held aloof from us as from a contaminated peo- laid claim to the whole of the Oregon territory. ple. As to Prussia, she who on the advance of the It was well met by the late government, which, inFrench army towards Antwerp, had called out her deed, could not afford to truckle a second time; but Llandwher, and waited only for a signal to interfere, what was the state all the while of South America ? became thoroughly disgusted. She felt that, under This: we found ourselves at war with the republics her then rulers, England was no longer the trust- at the mouth of the Plata, about matters which, in worthy ally of other days; and rightly considering their intrinsic value were not worth the cost of the that the dissolution of the kingdom of the Nether- gunpowder fired away; while we were powerless lands was far more likely to hurt us than her, to support Mexico against the encroachments of her

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neighbor, who having, in the first place swindled other nations of Europe will join us—at least, till her out of Texas, now openly declares that she will their fears are awakened that France may grow too not stop short of the annexation of California. For strong, when, in all probability, they will find that all these humiliations, and the loss of influence we cannot any longer be of use to them. which arises out of tnem, we may thank the growth We do not believe half of this, though half is of that peculiar liberality of opinion which belongs more than we desire to see accomplished. We do to whigism; and which has at length concentrated not think, for example, that Spain will put herself itself upon the point of free trade, the probable ac- so readily as Louis Philippe imagines into his complishment of which seems to be as far distant as hands. Índeed, we are unable to detect any ade

quate source whence such an overwhelming French It is well known that, ever since his return to influence should arise, for the Duke and Duchess office, Lord Palmerston has been iinportuning the of Montpensier are as yet but private persons after northern courts to join him in his protest against the all. But supposing that, through the hospitalities Montpensier marriage Lord Palmerston's ad- which they dispense at Paris, they win the hearts vances have been coldly met, and he and his admir- of such Spanisli grandees as visit that capital, wha: ers affect to be surprised at it, but the reasons then ? The worst that can happen is, that a assigned by the northern courts are unanswerable. French party may be raised up, which will not His lordship appeals to tne treaty of Utrecht, and scruple as to the means which it adopts to fill all talks about its violation. Russia, Austria, Prussia, attainable places of power and emolument with its and Holland tell him, that the treaty of Utrecht was partisans, and that we shall have Spaniards, strongoverthrown on the day when he recognized the suc- iy imbued with French prejudices, commanding at cession to the Spanish throne in the person of the Algesiras and Cadiz, and doing whatever they fancy young lady who now fills it; and that, were the can be done with impunity to annoy our merchants case otherwise, the only provision in the treaty and injure our trade. We recommend these genwhich it would be necessary to guard is not threat- tlemen, however, not to go too far in this way. ened. It is for the interest of the rest of Europe The Spaniards are a sensitive people, and though, that France and Spain shall never be united in one at first, they may go with the current, they will empire. But Europe has nothing to dread from the very soon begin to see that it sets towards France. marriage of the fifth son of the King of the French Once let this notion take possession of their bruins, with the sister of the Queen of Spain, and, there- however, and Louis Philippe will find that even his fore, they are not disposed to take a part in fa- cunning is useless. A people which endured what vor of a government which has treated all their they did, rather than accept for their king the broprejudices and principles, as well as their opinions ther of Napoleon, will never consent to play the in regard to other treaties, with neglect. Hence in game of a prince of the house of Orleans ; and the a useless display of indignation we stand alone ; fact will become apparent as soon as the game beand by showing how bitterly we feel the hoax that gins to be played in earnest. has been played off upon us, we increase the dan- On the other hand, it is not impossible that the gers that are assumed to threaten. What are these lust of extending their conquests over Portugal may dangers? We are told that France will acquire blind, not only the Spanish government, but the such an influence in Spain, as to render all efforts Spanish people, to the true designs of Louis Philon our part to improve our relations with the lat- ippe. This has long been an object with the court ter country abortive. Whatever manufactures she l of Madrid, and the present state of the little counhenceforth receives will come to Spain through the try is such as to offer every encouragement to an passes of the Pyrenees, and she will be encouraged attempt of the kind. Of course, England cannot to resume a project which has lain in abeyance only permit it: but are we in a state to prevent it? through the weakness incident to a protracted civil Two months ago, we took occasion to point out

Sooner or later, Portugal will be invaded, the manner in which the repeal of the corn-laws and, if saved at all, will be saved only at the expense and the avowal of free-trade principles in this counof a large expenditure of blood and treasure by us. try had operated, and were likely still more to opMeanwhile, France will push her conquests in Af- erate, abroad. We showed, that the more philorica, till Tangier and all the seaboard adjacent to it sophical portions of the inhabitants of France and has fallen into her hands; and thus, with Spain in Gerinany were prodigiously taken with the scheme; close alliance on one side of the Straits, and her and both by their speeches at public meetings and own castles and posts upon the other, she will pretty through the press were agitating for the adoption effectually close against us the gates of the Medit- of a similar policy at home. The governments,

This done, she will turn her attention to on the other hand, looked at the project with alarm; Egypt, and if she succeed there as well as she is and all classes of persons interested in the growth seen to have succeeded elsewhere, the overland of domestic manufactures shrank from the idea of route to India, on which we set so much value, will imitating it. The governments still retain their disbe interrupted. How long, moreover, we shall be like to free trade. They regard it as the offspring able to keep Gibraltar itself-the province whence, of a levelling spirit, and fear it more on that acat present, that fortress draws the most important count than because of the effect which it must necesof its supplies being absorbed—remains to be seen. sarily produce upon the public revenues.

Even on If the allied French and Spanish armies prove una- this latter ground, however, they find sufficient ble to take it by force, famine and disease will do cause for setting their faces against it; and, one the work for them; and then England will, indeed, and all, they have begun to act accordingly. In be humbled. But our catalogue of ills does not end Germany, the Zollverein has increased the duties on even here. There are symptoms already of a dis- all manufactured articles imported from abroad, and position on the part of France to court an alliance doubled them on many. France and Prussia have with the United States of America, and to convert both imposed duties un corn shipped for export in the harbors of New York, Boston, and the Chesa- their harbors. Russia has entered into a commerpeake into depôts for her navy. And, finally, into cial treaty with France, of which the obvious tensuch bad odor have we fallen, that not one of the denry is to work us harm; and Austria makes no





move towards reciprocity. It appears, then, that cated our relations with foreign powers, that to the whig commercial policy, which Sir Robert Peel keep much longer free from a European war is imhas, unfortunately for himself, pushed to an ex- possible. Indeed, we do not hesitate to avow it as treme, neither has operated, nor is likely to operate, our conviction, that only amid the excitement of a anything towards the extension of British com- foreign war are we likely to return at home to a merce. Moreover, instead of acting as a guarantee state of reasonable submission to constituted auof general peace, its weight seems to be thrown thority. Far be it from us to speak slightingly of into an opposite scale. We believe that the mobs any attempts that are made to improve the moral of Paris and Berlin are equally clamorous for free condition of the people, and to confer upon them trade. Whether the mobs of any other of the con- the inestimable advantages of education. We have tinental cities know or care a straw about the mat- spoken out upon these subjects so plainly on other ter, may be questioned. But the masses in the two occasions, that we entertain no fears of being now nations, which, though they differ widely from each misunderstood But this much we are constrained other, must be acknowledged to be the most gen- to add, that so long as there shall prevail in the erally enlightened in Europe, are all anxious for government a spirit of restlessness and a determinafree trade. Now, what is the effect upon the gov- tion to perpetual change, so long must we, as a ernments, not only there, but elsewhere? They nation, be distrusted by our neighbors, and find very equally dread the result. In Prussia, the move- little to regard as deserving of our confidence at ment is put down with the strong hand, as we have home. And this it is which causes us, in a rejust stated. The tariff throughout the Zullverein is markable degree, to be anxious under our present doubled. In France the minister sanctions the for- rulers. They neither have, nor profess to seek, mation of clubs, in which the antagonist principles any fixed standard of political faith. Though sershall be debated; but he takes good care, by refus- vants of the crown, they do not pretend to be moing his countenance to everything like a movement narchical ; and as to their views on church matters, among the operatives, to keep the lower and lower- truly it would be a hard matter to describe them. middle classes from taking any share in the contro- They are mere waiters upon chance. Even the versy. The consequence it requires no particular poor plea of expediency is raised by them only so insight into the future to foretell. Through the se- far as this or that projected measure shall promise cret influence of the government, which seems to them a continuance of office, or the reverse ; and so act impartially towards both, the anti-free-trade fac- the destinies of this great empire are committed to tion will, for the present, prevail ; and we shall see a body of persons who have absolutely no friends, that all duties levied for the protection of domestic either here or elsewhere, except such as they seindustry will be retained, and the passions of the cure by means of pay and places. multitude roused and appealed to, in order to keep All this is very sad, and we feel it the more that them from declaring against this decision, or labor- we look round us, in vain, for a strong cabinet to ing to controvert it.

succeed them. It is certain that Sir Robert Peel Had France and England been on tolerable terms, has, for the present at least, put himself upon the this issue, however unfortunate for the free-traders, shelf. We greatly doubt whether he will ever and, indeed, for the people of this country, might again become the leader of a party which shall dehave admitted of some ameliorating circumstances serve the name. We are sure that, when the next -at least, our honor would have been saved. But general election comes, his clique of 112 will fall to being in almost open rupture with France, we find half its members, if it amount to so many. But we our policy despised and rejected by the power of do not reckon much upon the next general election. which it was too much our habit to speak as most For the moment, it may throw the powers of the resembling ourselves, while all the other great pow- state into new hands; so, at least from the best iners besides resolve and act as if we had no exist- formation which we have been able to collect, we ence. Just consider what they have been doing, are led to believe. Nevertheless, it is vain and and yet propose to do, in the north of Europe. idle to expect that this triumph of protectionist "The free city of Cracow, it appears, is to be ab- views, supposing them to triumph, will be lasting. sorbed into the Austrian empire. It was the last The masses have, through whig recklessness, been relic of Polish independence, and its existence as a taught in this country a lesson which they will separate state was assured by the treaty of Vienna, never forget. That which the Birmingham Politithe five great powers becoming conjointly guaran- cal Union did in 1832, will be done again so soon tees for the fulfilment of the conditions. But three as the mub and the intelligent classes differ; for out of these five powers now proclaim to the world, there are plenty of leaders, at least as competent that they consider the question as one exclusively as Mr. Aliwood, to direct the mobs of our great affecting themselves ; and they settle it accordingly, towns how to coerce the legislature and the governwithout condescending to consult the cabinet of St. ment. Meanwhile, our present rulers have conJames on the subject. Whether the cabinet of the trived to leave us without one cordial ally in the Tuileries has been sounded or not, we do not know. world. They have broken faith with governments Well, then, what follows ? Lord Palmerston blus- which, if they err at all in their dealings with their ters and complains; the English newspapers take neighbors, committed the fault of being too exact, up his cry; the. French nation is appealed to as, both in their own acts and in their requirements. equally with England, pledged ; yet nothing comes They have fraternized with a spirit which has no of it after all. Louis Philippe, intent only on the love of truth in it, and find themselves, in conseaggrandizement of his own house, leaves the wreck quence, not in intimate relations, but at daggers of Poland to its fate ; and we, having lost all moral drawn, with those possessed by it. What a conweight with the conservative cabinets, find—as summation to the league of 1832 was the summary might have been expected—that a movement gov- proceedings of one of the allied parties in 1840 ernment leaves us in the lurch ; and thus our credit, And what a retaliation for the moral campaign on as well as our temper, is lost.

the coast of Syria is this pleasant intrigue of M. We hope that we may be mistaken, but it ap- Guizot, the apostle, as he has been called, of peace pears to us that whig liberal policy has so compli- I and justice !



Our belief is, that the whigs cannot long hold | bounds ; but it is different if we are only recovertheir ground against the difficulties which must al- ing from an affront or a slight, where our own selfways attend upon a want of fixed principle in the respect was alone concerned, because there symparulers of a free country. They take no enlarged thy comes less freely, if at all, or is liable to lie views of any subject. Their policy, whether do- mixed with no very reverential feeling. It is from mestic or foreign, is nothing more than an impulse, a sense of this philosophy that those who complain passionate or otherwise, according to the tempera- about any personal vexation usually endeavor to ment of individuals or the circumstances of the mo- take from its egotistic character by allying it to a ment which calls for action. At home they are the public cause. “ It is my turn to be slighted or mere slaves of coteries and associations. Any slandered to-day—it may be yours to-morrow. chamber of commerce, be it in Manchester or Glas- Or, “ Such attacks—though Í care nothing for gow, will do more with them than the ghost of them myself--are reprehensible on general grounds." Burke, were it permitted to revisit the earth ; and And so forth. But such efforts are, in reality, a they no more dare quarrel with O'Connell than confession that there is something felt to be weak meet Parliament together ;-which we shall be con- and unworthy, generally speaking, in complaint. siderably surprised if they do, for there is no spirit Man has a latent unconfessed sense that (allowing of adhesion among them. Lord Grey hates Lord for just exceptions) he has no proper right to call Palmerston ; Lord Palmerston returns the feeling attention to anything affecting himself alone, and with interest; and both are distrusted by Lord John that it is best to hush such affairs in the darkness Russell, though, for obvious reasons, he desires to of his own bosom. conciliate and keep them in good-humor. And If a mercantile man finds his acceptance declined what is to be the end, we defy mortal man to pre- at a bank, or an order upon some distant correspondict.

dent politely refused, he does not rush upon 'change

to proclaim the grievance, knowing very well that From Chambers' Journal.

such conduct would not tend to the improvement

of his credit. It would be wrong for him even to THE DIGNITY OF NON-COMPLAINT.

complain to the bank or the correspondent. Policy One cannot help admiring the spirit of the man directs that he should appear perfectly at ease who, on being asked if he had not been complain- under the refusal in either case, or, at the most, ing lately, answered, “ I have been ill, but I never observe a dignified silence on the subject. It may complain.” It were of course too stoical to be thus come to pass that the other party will in time amiable, if one were to determine never to complain. presume that possibly it might not have been so Our social feelings go against so extreme a resolu- far amiss to discount that bill or comply with that tion, and announce that, as it is right to give sym

order. At the very least, matters are made no pathy, so it cannot be wrong, under proper circum

How far such policy squares with a very stances, to ask it. But certainly it is only in special nice morality, I will not stop to consider ; but, circumstances and relations that complaint is allow- assuredly, the system of non-complaint is the best able or politic.

calculated to favor the objects of the merchant in It is obvious enough that what makes complaint his professional existence ; as mere policy, it is in most instances injudicious is, that it is apt to ex- perfect. So, also, one never hears a young lady cite something besides or apart from syinpathy: complain of such a calamity as the loss of a front pamely, pity, which is always a sentiment looking dentist

. Complaint on the subject to any but that

tooth. That is a matter between herself and her down from a high place to a low one. The power, force, self-helpfulness of the object, all that tends confidential adviser would only aggravate the evil. to create the common kind of respect, is derogated These are typical cases, bearing with unusual force by this feeling; and the transition to contempt is upon the question ; but no one to whom they are oftea fatally easy. Whereas, he who bears without mentioned can be at a loss to see how the philosocomplaining, or making any demand on sympathy, phy of non-complaint may be applied in other inis unavoidably held to possess some peculiar impregnability of character allied to the higher pow

Take, for example, the man of art ; that is, the ers of our nature; and though there is often man who, by the chisel, the brush, the pen, or the something fearful in the contemplation of sufferings use of his brain and fingers for the production of unacknowledged, we cannot help looking on with music, works out results for the gratification and a certain kind of reverence.

It' is doubiless well improvement of his fellow-creatures. If such a that all this should be so ; for is not all fortune to man finds his works neglected, will it improve his be overcome by enduring ? That is to say, is not case to complain? Assuredly not. He may imthis enduring just an appointed means of adjusting agine there is some accidental or mischievous ourselves to all the contingencies of Providence ?

cause for the neglect, instead of his own deficiency The allowableness of complaint is determined of meri:. But such suppositions, if expressed, by circumstances and relations. We may com- only bring down ridicule upon his head. He may plain in the presence of those who, we know, take be severely handled by critics ; but to complain of an interest in us, with less risk than we can in this, or attempt to put in something in arrest of other company.

We may more allowably com- judgment, or to retort upon the judge, can only plain of a common woe of humanity, than of some injure him further with the public, as showing him special personal evil. A man would not care to in the humiliating light of one who suffers. The fret about a pricked finger to his wife, while the true policy, be assured, is that of the merchant savage suffers unimaginable pains at the stake with whose bill has been handed back undiscounted--not an unmoved countenance; he

to say a single word or look one look about the

The late Mr. William Hazlitt, with his may not stain with grief The death-song of an Indian chief.”

unquestionable powers of mind, was sadly deficient

in this wisdom. Some of his writings, as, for exTo have been the victim of an influenza, may be ample, his Essay on the Jealousy and Spleen of spoken of freely and dolorously, within moderate ) Party. betray a pitiable sensitiveness to the litile



rubs and slights of life ; soreness about criticism, generally shunned than the fretful and querulous. vexation about the superior social éclat of other On troubles incidental to all, it is also to be admitted literary laborers—"raw" all over. Such conduct that complaint is legitimate, so far as it may lead is a voluntary giving up of the dignity which the to a remedy, or to a union of our common brotherpublic must inevitably associate with the names of hood in the bonds of sympathy. But undoubtedly, all who have written tellingly in whatever way; it as a general rule, apart from these exceptions, is to sit down with greater humiliation than even there is much to be admired in non-complaint—the enemies are in general inclined to impute. Sup. course pointed out alike by considerateness for puse there were real ill-usage and some little actual others and respect for ourselves. And I would bad consequences from it, well—minimize the evil hold this as an apothegm never to be swerved from by absorbing it in the woolpack of silence, and you - Respecting all egotistic sufferings whatever, will soon recover your proper position in spite of it from great injustices down to the most petty annoyBut to whimper, or scold in return, or in any way ances and incivilities, cultivate the glorious power admit that you have been galled—oh, how it does of bearing in silence. the very thing the enemy aims at—what a suicide it is! And self-murder is the only way by which moral death comes to any man.

THE VICTUALS AND DRINK OF AUTHORS. Perhaps the ultimate source of the good to be derived from non-complaint is its convenience

Many eminent men have entertained a notion to the general interest." Every one has his own that the character of individuals is, in a great woes; it is not, therefore, surprising that few feel degree, influenced by their diet. Hippocrates, in aggrieved by hearing little of the distresses of their his celebrated “ Treaty on Diet,” endeavors 10 friends, however willing to give sympathy if com- prove that all men are born with the same mental plaint is actually made. It is, therefore, as good capacity, and that the difference which in after-life for us, as it is dignified on the part of the sufferer, is discoverable in the minds of the human race, is that he should trouble us as litile as possible with altogether attributable to the food which they have his distresses. Having, as life and the world go, eaten. Literary men, according to Celsus, have far more need to be associated with what is cheer- universally weak stomachs. Aristotle had this ing and encouraging than with the reverse, we are organ so feeble, that he was obliged to strengthen unavoidably attracted to the train of the successful it by the application of an aromatic oil to the region and self-helpful, the gay and buoyant, even without of the stomach, which never failed to impart its any regard to tangible benefits derivable from them, cordial effects by transpiring to this viscus. А while the unprosperous are too apt to be left pining respectable physician asserted that he could estiin solitude. It is human nature to give pity and mate the capacity of the mind by the delicacy of succor to the latter when the claim is directly pre- the stomach ; for, in fact, according to him, you sented, but in all circumstances to cling fast to and never find a man of genius who does not labor idolize the former, as something good, tutelary, and under complaints of the stomach. beautiful. For such reasons it must be that com- Some authors have gained a notoriety for singuplaint, necessarily associated in our minds with larity in their diet and appetites. Dr. Rondelet, an infirmity, never can produce respect. So it must ancient writer on fishes, was so fond of figs, ihat be that we admire, as the next best to success and he died, in 1566, of a surfeit occasioned by eating greatness, the magnanimity which betrays not de-them to excess. In a letter to a friend, Dr. Parr feat or injury. Our thrilling reverence for him confesses his love of “hot boiled lobsters, with a who suffers in silence, is mixed with a thankfulness profusion of shrimp-sauce.” Pope, who was an that, in the maze of our own special evils, we have epicure, would lie in bed for days at Lord Bolingnot the addition of listening to, and administering broke's, unless he was told that there were stewed

| lampreys for dinner, when he arose instantly, and I would, then, recommend the principle of non- came down to table. A gentleman treated Dr. complaint as one which it is useful to follow, under Johnson to new honey and clouted cream, of which certain limitations. To shut ourselves up in a he ate so largely, that his entertainer became stoical indifference on all occasions, were at once alarmed. All his lifetime Dr. Johnson had a voraunarniable and unwise. To consult nothing but cious attachment to leg of mutton.

“ At my aunt dignity on this point, were to become detestable. Ford's,” says he, “I ate so much of a boiled leg Much would we prefer the man, weak as a woman's of mutton, that she used to talk of it. My mother, tear, to him who stood perpetually in a marble-like who was affected by little things, told me seriously rigidity, professedly superior to all grief. The full- that it would hardly ever be forgotten." Dryden, est allowance is to be made on that side. And writing in 1699 to a lady, declining her invitation particularly would we insist that, in the domestic to a handsome supper, says, “ If beggars might be circle, and amongst true friends, there should be a choosers, a chine of honest bacon would please my full communion and frankness on every passing trou- appetite more than all the marrow-puddings, for í ble requiring counsel and assistance. Poured into a like them better plain, having a very vulgar loving and kindred bosom, our griefs are sacred ; stomach.” Charles Lamb was excessively parreposing this confidence, we ourselves become tial to roast pig. objects of only increased tenderness. A disposition Dr. George Fordyce contended that as one meal having regard to the happiness of others, will at a day was enough for a lion, it ought to suffice for once perceive where to draw the line of distinction a man. Accordingly, for more than twenty years, between what ought and what ought not to be the doctor used to eat only a dinner in the whole complained of-between what is a proper subject course of the day. This solitary meal he took for the condolence of others, and that which would regularly at four o'clock at Dolly's chow-house. only unnecessarily vex and annoy them. We have A pound and a half of rump-steak, half a broiled all enough of sorrows of our own, without being chicken, a plate of fish, a bottle of port, a quarter unduly burdened with those of others; and, depend of a pint of brandy, and a tankard of strong ale, upon it, there is none more unamiable or more satisfied the doctor's moderate wants till four


to, his.

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