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only quite new, but introduced with the very worst | French statesmen ; it might contribute to M. Guizot's grace at this particular juncture. Up to this removal from office; but it would achieve even moment it has never been practised. The very such paltry results at a sacrifice of large interests. assertion of it stultifies the whole of that interfer- It is proclaimed, somewhat ostentatiously, that ence which constituted the Montpensier marriage England will not go to war: but much, in this case an offence against the British government. If Eng- especially, may be done without war, much without land is to adopt the discreet Jeffersonian policy of insisting on a shadow. Nor is it less a mistake to nonintervention, the whole of that quarrel must suppose that the separate protests of France and vanish into air.
England would have equal weight with a joint We trust that this anomalous and equivocal pas- protest. That some effect was to be produced, is siveness, totally isolated from the past, is not to be shown by the striking depression of the moneyas isolated from the future. We hope the startling markets in the domains of all the Three Powers-conversion is a thorough reform ; and that we shall a depression which we know to be felt throughout see its effects not only at Cracow, but in Spain, Germany : finance is the heel of Achilles in absoPortugal, Turkey, Western Africa, Brazil, North lute monarchies, and Austria plainly shrinks. The America. We presume that it will be observed in separate protest of England, accompanied by the Italy. We are told that “ England is not prepared new anti-Gallican declaration of noninterference, to abet France in breaking the treaty of Vienna on will be met by the three powers with deferential the Rhine or beyond the Alps, though the northern courtesy in mien and absolute disregard in practice, powers have broken it at Cracow." But if the as a form and meant to be no more. France will ihree powers are suffered to laugh at it, will not take her stand on the Rhine and in Italy ; but, France do so? We hold with Lord Palmerston, speaking alone, ner threatful vaticination will be that if the treaty be broken on the Vistula, it may regarded as a matter of course—the normal revolualso fail on the Rhine and on the Po; and if Eng- tionism of France. The joint protest would be the land do not interfere in Poland, she cannot inter- voice of constitutional Europe : England would add fere in Flanders or in Lombardy: Nonintervention weight to the warniig of France; both together here pledges her to nonintervention there. would be received, not merely as threateners, but
The affectation of making out a parallel case for also as authoritative teachers capable of informing the Spanish infraction of the treaty of Utrecht and absolutism as to the ways of liberalism. The the Polish infraction of the treaty of Vienna, is a three powers have nullified the compact on which bare-faced recurrence to an exploded pretext. rested the status quo in Europe ; the conflicting inThere is nothing parallel in the cases. However Auences are henceforth free to work out their own impolitic the Montpensier marriage might be, it several ends according to the strength that is in was no violation of the treaty of Utrecht. It them : the new Guelph party in Italy is freed from might possibly have remote consequences incon- its Ghibelline bonds ; France from restraint on her sistent with the intent of the treaty, but they would propagandism. Ambition and personal energy flow from proceedings against which it had made among the princes of Europe are set loose, to make no technical provision. But the annexation of new partitions of kingdoms, new combinations, if Cracow is so gross an infraction of the treaty of they please. The popular strength has everywhere Vienna, that it forfeits all the rights of the three grown since the peace, and the peoples will have powers. In the case of Spain, there was no valid their share in shaping the new arrangements. ground even for protesting as against a formal vio- Such are among the ulterior consequences of the lation of treaty : in the case of Cracow, the infrac- nullification-consequences to which the absolutism tion is so complete that to acquiesce is to abandon of the north is self-blinded. If the powers of the treaty, and the ruling statute in the public law the south do not proclaim the treaty of Vienna 10 of Europe is flung to the winds.
be annulled, they will permit it to continue on There is another false pretence. In the Mont- sufferance; and the absolute powers of the north pensier affair, the British government did not con- might be made to pay for that act of grace in some fine itself to a simple protest, but made an ulterior tribute to the good of mankind. It is the joint claim, not even sanctioned by the treaty—that the protest which would have such beneficial and conheiress presumptive to the Spanish throne should servative influence.-Spectator, 28 Nov: renounce all title to the succession on the part of her progeny.
The ministerial French papers of Thursday reWe do not stop to consider the inconsistency of luctantly make the announcement, which they had the present course with former declarations in Par- reserved as long as possible, that the English govliament; for if there were good reasons now, they ernment had refused to join in the protest against would not be invalidated by the utterance of bad the annexation of Cracow. The announcement reasons in August last. Let the case be judged on serves to display a marked contrast in the spirit its merits.
which rules the officials in Paris and in London. There is, no doubt, a fault in the position of The Journal des Débats makes it with mildness an i France. Apart from the question of treaties, she, regretful courtesy. The Morning Chronicle rethrough her government, chose to act in the Mont- peats it in terms of embittered hostility, flaunting pensier affair separately, and adversely to England; the reiterated and totally unfounded assertion that and her invitation to coöperate now, after she has “ The violation of the treaty of Utrecht committed served her own ends, wears too much the aspect | by France in the affair of the Montpensier marriage of self-seeking. It affords the English government was as flagrant and as palpable as the destruction a fine opportunity, in turn, to retort. There appears of the independence of the republic of Cracow was no disposition to miss that opportunity. The lead a gross infringement of the treaty of Vienna." ing organ of the whigs is still courting the French This false assertion ought to be given up: it is Opposition !—eulogizing effusions in the Constitu- discreditable. But observe the contrast of motives tionnel attributed to M. Thiers, and the like. It is and demeanor. France is chargeable with indulgdifficolt to discern any practical utility in such a ing a motive of self-interest in King Louis Philippe,
It might have the effect of mortifying at the risk of consequences dangerous to the peace
THE FRENCH AND CRACOW.
of Europe, but those consequences uncertain and most stupid rivalry, we should fill this paper. For
The English ministers indulge their the present let our consideration be limited to its spleen, at the risk of consequences imminent and effect on the German powers, and on Central Eudisastrous, with a grievous wrong present and crim- rope. We generally look on the interval between inal. The special act of wrong in Spain was a 1815 and 1830 as a despotic period, presided over family matter-a wedding ; the act of wrong in Po- by the Holy Alliance, and we are apt to consider land is a “great public crime," the extinction of a the subsequent period as more influenced by liberalstate. Though the French ministers were betrayed ism. Unfortunately the contrary holds true. From into indulging a self-interest, they still show a grave 1815 to 1830, Austria acted as counterpoise to Russense of higher duties, and postpone petty irrita- sia, and in many conjunctures resisted its progress. tions to the enduring interests of Europe. The In 1829 it would have gone the length of war. English ministers sacrifice everything to a profitless From 1830 to the present time Austria has been spleen. There are indications that this course may sucked into the Russian whirlpool, losing indepenbe attended with very serious responsibilities. We dent will and purpose, till by degrees it has, for all observe that Russia is assembling a vast army, of great political purposes, become effaced from the unknown destination. The Rhenish Observer, an map of Europe. The dissensions of France and official journal of Prussia, publishes a letter written England have done this. at Vienna by a person in the employment of Prince Both countries seem to have totally forgotten that Metternich, which states that “ Russia has given a Russia cannot march upon Constantinople till it has carte blanche to Austria with regard to Cracow, but completely absorbed Austria within its sphere of we may expect shortly to see the incorporation of influence. Where we should have combatted RusMoldavia and Wallachia with Russia.” Lord Pal- sia was at Vienna. It is now too late. By conmerston seems, under some perverse fascination, senting to take Cracow, Austria has irrevocably bent upon realizing the romance of his old accuser, joined hands with the Czar. And we should not be by subserving the machinations of Russian encroach- at all surprised to find hereafter that the absorption ment. Will he help to furnish Sir John McNeill of Cracow was but a very small article of a very with materials for a new edition of his portentous large league and alliance for the partition and remap?—Spectator, 28 Nov.
settlement of Turkey. The last morsel of Poland is carved ; now comes the turn of the Ottoman empire.
We may say, and we fear too many of us think, Never was a mission greater, more noble, nor that the fate of Poland does not much regard us; yet more simple, than that seemingly entrusted by and that Cracow, though a fair subject of sentiProvidence to France and England in the middle of mental interest, is no longer an object of political the present century. Could the governments of importance. The French think otherwise. They these countries have agreed, fully communed with are strongly interested for Poland; and not from and understood each other, acted fairly, openly, reasons of mere sentiment, but from the conviction wisely, they might have done more good, and pre- that Poland is the true barrier against future invavented more evil, than ever fell to the lot of states- sions of Russia—against its moral influence and manship to effect in such few years. They might physical weight. The restoration of Poland is to have given freedom and fair constitutional govern- the French, what the independence of Constantinoment to Spain, Greece, and even Italy. They ple is to us. Let us take care, lest, by refusing all might have secured the independence and future sympathy and aid to the French in their great aim, progress of the Levant. By constant union, wise, we may lead them to refuse all sympathy and aid to joint and pacific action, they might have withdrawn us in the preservation of Constantinople. We will Austria from under the yoke of Russia, have cre- not now allude to the subject of the Infanta's marated an independent kingdom on the Danube, and riage; we have repeated our opinion of the treachaided Germany not only to advance its own freedom ery of the French court, and of our right to resent and institutions, but to prevent what remained of it. But there are at present higher interests at Poland from undergoing further ruin and dilapida- stake than those of courts and princes. And we tion. In the new world the two countries also had should weigh well the consequences, ere we take their mission, which was to preserve the Spanish the step of rather forgiving Russia and Austria the race and territory from being crushed and violated absorption of Cracow than compounding the quarby the Anglo-American.
rel with France on the score of the Spanish marThese are some of the great and good things, riages. which England and France might have done. In- The conquest of Cracow and its razure from the stead of which, indulging in beggarly and personal list of independent states may seem a trifling triand petty contentions, they have neutralized each umph to two great emperors. But these magnates, other's strength, thwarted each other's purposes, at least one of them, is warring against a principle, have allowed their constitutional children, Greece that after all is his greatest and most formidable foc. and Spain, to fall a prey to soldiers, inglorious as That principle he hopes to have trodden out in the well as despotic. Mexico is trodden down, the freedom of Cracow. And as such the consummation provinces of the Danube have become Russian, and is an immense triumph to Russian despotism, and a Cracow is blotted from the map of Europe. Amidst sore discomfiture to those sons of Poland, who live such losses and disgraces, what have England and but on hope and in the future. France gained by their quarrels ? England nothing, Nevertheless, after all, there is this consolation, which is an advantage, considering that the gains of that Cracow, reünited to its ancient domains of GaFrance amount to the Marquesas and Mayotte, and licia, has fallen into an empire, which is rather on 10 having the Bourbon family further crctinized by aggregate of many nations, than a nation possessed intermarriage.
of its own proper vitality. Whatever province If, in addition to pointing out the nullity of gains, Russia absorbs, she will compel with the hug of a we were to add the manifest losses, the misapplica- bear to become Russian. But Austria seems not to tion of resources in both countries, arising from this know what she is, and of late years has wisely allowed the nurture and cultivation of the spirit and remain isolated. We trust, however, that laying literature of their native race to each of her prov- aside their differences and their quarrels, the two - inces. The government of Vienna now allows nations may unite and may accomplish some useful Hungary to be Hungarian ; Bohemia to cherish her object which will have the effect of effacing every Sclavonic origin; Lombardy is more fairly and more feeling of resentment. France ought not to forgently treated. And if Cracow as capital of Gali- get that each of her conflicts with England gives cia be allowed the same favors and provincial de- new chances to the counter-revolution, and Engvelopments lately permitted to Prague, the Czar land ought not to forget that every quarrel with will not altogether find his account in this new ar- France brings Russia a step nearer to Constantirangement.
nople.”—Eramincr. We are sorry thus to speak of Cracow in the hands of Austria as a fait accompli. But we fear it is so. These things are to be prevented, not rem
MANUFACTURING EMIGRATION, edied. And however desirable it would be to have a clear understanding with France as to the future, The consequences that were to follow free trade the past is to all appearance irremediable. The de- are yet in the clouds. The Zolverein has answered struction of Poland cannot be charged upon us. Its our measures of last session by increasing the duty most fatal partitions were those decreed by Napo- on manufactured cotton threefold, and it was only leon, who gave Cracow and its territory now to by a casting vote that the increase, great as it is, Austria, and then took it back from her, just as if was not doubled. Other powers do not show themPoland was a pawn on his chess-board, which he selves more favorable to the admission of our goods. might at any time sacrifice to the more important. A general rage for manufactures has seized on all moves of his kings and queens. Poland, as a king- civilized communities, and we maintain our place at dom, never recovered the neglect and contempt, the head of the market of the world only by supewith which Napoleon treated her. And we say it rior ingenuity, industry, and capital. Those 'adin sorrow, not in anger, Louis Philippe has but im- vantages, in the opinion of experienced men, will itated the policy of the great French emperor, when not avail us long; they think that we must shortly he sacrificed the last free banner and city of Poland be prepared to meet with powerful rivals, both in 10 the marriage of Montpensier and the Infanta. the United States and on the continent. Cracow was, in fact, his apanage and her dowry. The present state of the cotton-works in LancaIts fall will go down to history forever connected shire is disheartening. The factories give only with the espousals of Madrid.--Examiner, 28 Nov. four days' work instead of six; and, unless the
prospect should brighten, the four days will at The violation of the treaty of Vienna by the Christmas be most probably reduced to three. three northern powers of Europe has continued to Such a diminution of wages cannot take place be the subject of indignant comment by the Paris without causing considerable distress. Short time papers throughout the week. All parties, of every leads to short allowance; families are pinched for shade of opinion, are alike loud in condemnation of food and fuel at the period of the year when they the act, and the desire for the reëstablishment of have greatest need of both ; and fever often comes the entenle cordiale between France and England has to augment the suffering caused by want. been strongly manifested, particularly by the “Con- We hear it stated, on excellent authority, that stitutionnel," in an article ascribed to M, Thiers. the sentiments of some of the most extensive and That paper observes, “ The act of violence accom- intelligent of the cotton manufacturers in this counplished by the three powers of the north, which try are undergoing a change, and that they have places all the nations of Europe in so new and so now lost their faith in the power of free trade to grave a position, astonishes the French cabinet, the open for them new markets, or to lessen their cost government having vainly flattered itself that it had of production. It is represented to us that they made more progress in the good graces of the abso- now consider it hopeless to expect any great revival lute powers. The praises which the French minis- of trade in this country, and ihat they are beginters had received from the northern courts had ning to direct their attention to other lands, where completely deranged their understandings. They nearly every element of manufacture is cheaper, and believed that the time was arrived when they might where they could gain direct access to the original repudiate the bad company of the English Liberals; market of the raw material, and find at the same and they did not doubt but that Russia and Austria time a quick demand for the manufactured goods. would respond to their advances. The resolution It is argued that, as cotton is brought in the first of the three northern courts to act without the as- instance from the United States, to be dispersed sont of the French government consequently caused through the districts of Lancashire, and as a great it much astonishment." The “ Constitutionnel” bulk of that same cotton has afterwards to be regoes on to remark, that the principle of absolutism turned in a manufactured shape 10 the United which unites the northern courts must be most pow- States again, there to have a duiy imposed on its erful to have overcome their rivalry on other sub- admission, a great saving in expense would be efjects, and concludes by recommending a reconcilia- fected if the skill and the capital of the Lancashire tion between France and England. “If France and manufacturer could at once be transferred to AmerEngland had not been disunited,” says that paper, ica. This arrangement, it is assumed, would make “it is certain that a good understanding between them the process of manufacture much more economical. would have paralyzed the projects of the absolute It would save the passage of the goods both ways; powers. It is evident that the united will of the and give the manufacturer great advantages from iwo most powerful nations in Europe, resting on the cheapness of land, and the facility with which treaties, and seconded by public opinion, would have he would meet with water-power for his purposes. been invincible. At present it is difficult to revert There is one forcible objection, and that is, the to a fact which has been accomplished, and more- dearness and scarcity of labor. This difficulty has over, the misunderstanding of the two governments been discussed, and, in the opinion of the more appears to continue, and their protests appear to sanguine, overcome. In any scheme of emigra
tion it is proposed that the manufacturer shall take says, I was nobody; and gals don't kiss no his workpeople with him, whether he numbers bodies like somebodies. For all that, I'm a little them by hundreds or thousands ; and it is supposed riled when I think of it. For I remember, how at that he would then commence business with every New York they used to look at me, and mince advantage he possesses in this country, combined round and round me, and put their hands under my with others the New World alone can give him. chin, as if I warn't a human cretur, but a goose
We will not say that any scheme of this kind has berry bush, and they were afraid of their fingers. yet been decided on, or even that it is in serious And then the boldest on 'em kissed me short and contemplation. But we can affirm that the princi- not at all satisfactory; for all the world as if they ple of manufacturing emigration is earnestly and thought they was doing me a service, and not anxiously discussed by several of the most influen- themselves an honor. They 'll find me rayther tial and enterprising of the Lancashire mill-owners. different when I get back, I calculate ; so they 'd This fact is sufficient of itself to show how greatly better practise a little afore I come among 'em. their faith has been weakened in the efficacy of free Now in England kissing is mighty hearty. The trade.-Britannia, 28 Nov.
gals arn't a bit ashamed on it. I shall say no more
here about the maids-of-honor as kissed me a milThe Equador Expedition.—The attention of lion times in the palace, but speak of the 'Gyptian our merchants and others having relations with Hall, where I was kissed four thousand times a South America has been drawn to an expedition day, which is only allowing eight kisses a piece for preparing in this country under the command of every female: some on 'em took more-some less, General Flores, and at the cost, it is said, of Queen but I'm striking the averages. I had wnen I first Christina, for the invasion of Equador. The avowed showed there, tarnation pretty dimples ; and in a purpose of the invasion is the restoration of Flores month, my cheeks was as smooth as an apple. to the presidency of the republic; the real object The dimples was kissed out; run away with by the is said to be the erection of a kingdom for the eldest lips of the ladies. I often said to Barnum,“ Govson of Christina by her second husband, Munos. ernor, this is by no means the Cheshire. I feel my The Manchester Commercial Association, following face is wasting away with so much kissing; melithe example of the London merchants, have addressed ing slick like a sugar-plum in a baby's mouth. Lord Palmerston, representing the injuries likely to
Tell you what it is; if I'm to lose my cheeks, ] be inflicted on English property and commerce if ought to make something by 'em. Therefore, its this expedition be permitted to leave our shores, and my opinion you should alter the price, in this way. the following replý has been sent from the Foreign- Them as only looks, a shilling; them as kisses, office:
eighteenpence. Once or twice-for to be kissed “Foreign-office, November 11.
eight different ways by five hundred females is “Sir-I am directed by Viscount Palmerston to nation hard work—once or twice, I thought I'd acknowledge the receipt of the letter which you
have a notice writ, and hung about my neck; sich addressed to his lordship on the 6th of November,
a one as I seed at a flower show, with these words on behalf of the directors of the Commercial Asso- — “Admire, but touch not.” I confess it: now ciation at Manchester, requesting the interference and then I used to be riled; used to say to myself, of her majesty's government in order to put a stop
“ Have you nobody at home to kiss ; that to an expedition which General Flores and his agents put on your bonnets and pattens to come and kiss a are said to be preparing against the state of the little gentleman in public?" But as I said afore ; Equator, and which the directors consider likely to
take the people altogether, English Kissing is be injurious to the trade of this country with South mighty pleasant. America; and I am to inform you, in reply, that
In Scotland I was only kissed outright at private the matter to which this letter relates has already parties.. Of that, as a man of honor, I say nothing. been brought under the attention of her majesty's In public, the ladies used to blow kisses at me government
, and that Lord Palmerston is fully through their fingers. aware how important the South American trade is
Was kissed tarnation in France. Rayther disato the commercial interests of this country. I am, greeable in one particular, as the ladies so very sir, your most obedient, humble servant,
often left the paint upon my nose. “ E. J. STANLEY.
Talking of France, it's a wonder I'm a single “ To J. Aspinall Turner, Esq., President
For when the king of the French heard of the Commercial Association, Man
from Barnum that I had got the fortin I have, I'm chester."
darned if he did n't say he must have me for one of the princesses. Now, being a true republican, that
didn't suit my hook at all.“ No, no," says I to TOM THUMB ON KISSES.
Barnum ; " don't mind the princesses kissing me An American as I am-a free citizen of the now and then, when I'm in a good temper, but smartest nation in creation, 't is n't for me to find I'd as soon run upon a snag as upon the marriage fault with the gals of free Columbia. Neverthe- service. Seen too much of life, and been kissed a less, truth is mighty, and with fair play will whip little too much round the world for that.”. So I her weight in wild-cats. Therefore, I cannot say escaped-cut stick from the Tuileries-going off much for the kissing of America. Governor Bar- in Barnum's hat-box. num tells me that I ought n't to give any 'pinion of Well, I did think that I should give a whole acthe matter till I get back again, with all my snuff- count of all the kissing I've gone through, but on boxes and tooth-picks, and pencil-cases of crowned second thoughts it can't be done here, no how. heads about me ; when the kisses will be a differ- The subject is so full-as Barnum says—that I ent matter, as the royalty of Europe will be saluted can't do it justice in a little book, so I intend to through me. But this I must say; the kissing of make it a big history, by itself, with picturs of the America, of my own countrywomen, was terrible ladies, with their lips made up jest as they attacked cautious; nothing more than what you might call me ; made up now peaking like rose-buds, and now respect with the chill off. But, then, Barnum 'as if I was a cake at a pastry-cook's, made for
nothing but to be eaten. It 's wonderful to a man | And so, perhaps, you 'll say I ought, with my experience of lips to know what mouths Or else it would be hard. can be made on 'em. Nobody would believe it, A prize I receiv'd :--the good genılefolks griev'd but they will when they see my book. And so to They could n't give more to me; get back to Queen Victoria's palace.
Two pounds was the touch-and a cow got as When the maids-of-honor had done kissing me,
much ; and stood-like flustered birds of Paradise-a But a fat hog, three.
a taking breath, the lord-in-waiting comes in agin, and says, “ General, her majesty the Queen will So to a pig I make a bow, be very happy to see you." All the maids-of- As manners do require, honor fell back, and I following the lord, and— And touch my hat to boar and sow, Barnum following me-walks into the presence of With parson and with 'squire. the queen of the British Isles. I'd made my mind Though a Christian am I, yet a pig in a sty, up to show my independence, to go in whistling My betters is, I see ; " Yankee Doodle,” or “ Star of Columbia,” but For ihe pig makes fine pork, and I'm nearly past somehow I found my voice had departed-gone
work ; slick, and not even left its ghost behind—and Bar- And they can't eat me !-Punch. num, too, I should n't ha' known him; he shook all over, and his face looked as if it had been dabbed with a powder-puff. I thought to myself,
We mentioned last week the appearance, in the British lion must be somewhere, under some Rome, of a weekly English journal under the title sofa p’raps, in the 'partment, and the governor sees of the Roman Advertiser :-and may add now, that him, and shakes, and is pale accordin'.
no less than five new daily and weekly papers or I walks up to the queen, who was a sittin' by the periodicals have, in addition to the English one, tea-things. "I'm very happy, general," said her been announced, to meet the growing demands of majesty, " to see you here. Genius, though ever so the Italian public.-Atheneum. small-if it is genius, general-is welcome to this fire-place."
The electric telegraph is gradually spreading its Upon this, I bowed, as any gentleman would do network of nerves throughout the land, creating a to any lady.
system so highly sensitive that literally a throb at “General," said gracious majesty, “allow me its metropolitan heart will be felt almost simultato introduce my husband.” Whereupon Prince neously in every distant part. There are none Albert said in the most affable manner
of the discoveries by which the conditions of inter“I hope to improve the acquaintance of the communication have been so marvellously changed general, when we go a gunning together,” and within the last few years that seem so strange, and then royal highness went on with his tea. all but incredible, in their expression as this. All
“Do you take sugar, general ?” said gracious England is, as it were, brought to one moment of majesty with tongs in her hand.
time by the intended arrangements. All its dials *I do, madam,” said I; for I found my voice a are made to report the same hour of action at the coming back agin.
same second. - In the first place, all the railway “Which do you prefer???—said gracious majes- lines of telegraph that run to London are to deliver ty, with a smile that seemed to turn me into a their messages at a common metropolitan station in lump of honey—" which sugar do you prefer, white the neighborhood of the Royal Exchange, adjacent or brown?!?
to Lloyd's rooms ;-and workmen are busily en“ Either,” said I, “ but if it is n't slave-grown, gaged in laying down the wires. Then, governI'm a true republican, and won't touch a tarnation ment have taken into consideration the means of morsel.”-Punch.
effecting an immediate communication with the royal palaces, government dockyards, garrisons,
and fortresses throughout the kingdom :--and the THE PRIZE PIG AND THE PRIZE PEASANT.
various country lines are extending in all directions
their means of communicating with one another. I NEVER pass a fat pig by,
The whole is under the direction of the Electric But off I take my hat,
Telegraph Company, and independent of the vaAnd “ I'm your servant, Sir," says I :
rious railway companies.-We may mention, in What makes me act like that?
connexion with this subject, that government is Why, because I've been taught to behave as I about 10 erect a great central barrack for England, ought,
on fourteen acres of ground which it has purchased And know my own degree ;
for the purpose, on the east side of Birmingham. And I never neglect to pay proper respect,
At this point, also—which may be called the geoWhen 't is due from me.
graphical heart of England—the electric telegraph
is to be brought to a common centre from all parts For forty years, as man and boy,
of the United Kingdom :-so that, on instantaneous I've driven my master's plough ;
intimation from any quarter, however remote, Was never out of his employ,
troops may be poured along the railway lines to And still am in it now:
any part where their presence is needed in the My children and wife I have kept all my life space of a few hours. A system of arrangements From off the parish clear :
like this-which we read of so calmly to-day as But merit like mine, to the worth of a swine, mere corollaries of miracles already grown familiar People think small beer.
would have been received by our fathers, if offered
for predictions, as the wildest dreams-exceeding True I've not toild so long for nought;
even the license of fable, and making romance unI've met with soine reward :
poetical for want of verisimilitude.- Athenæum