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est to condemn. Had they been made 66 Wly, it's the cause of cur glorious instituLords of the Treasury or under Secreta- tions," said Coningsby; "a Crown robbed of ries of State, it is sneeringly suggested we its prerogatives-a Church controlled by a should have heard less of them as authors

Conimission--and an Aristocracy that does

not lead." or moralists. The praise is absurd and ex

6“ Under whose genial influence the order aggerated ; but we think the censure still of the Peasantry—a country's pride-has vamore unjust. There are larger and higher nisted from the face of the land,” said Henry principles appealed to—there are occasion-Sydney, “and is succeeded by a race of serta ally more generous aspirations to be disco- who are called laborers, and who burn ricks." vered among them, than can, by any rea

66 Under which,'' continued Coningsby, sonable possibility, be reconciled with low,

“the crown has become a cipher, the church sordid, or insincere views. And if we

a sect, the nobility drones, and the people

drudges." shall have occasion to deal somewhat se ouli's the great constirutional cause,” said verely with their faults and their mistakes, Lord Vere," that refuses every thing to arguit is because we think that many members ment-yields every thing to agitation. Conof the party are deserving of better and no- servative in Parliament, desiructive out of bler things than belong to the destiny which docrs that has no objection to any change, they are striving, by fantastic means, to provided only it be etlected by unauthorized work out for themselves.

66 The first public association of men,” said Their first characteristic is their pre-Coningsby, “who have worked for an avowed sumption. Desirous to fix their own sta- end without enunciating a single principle." lues on the most elevated pedestal, they act "" And who have established political infidelas determined iconoclasts,-thinking that ity throughout the land,” said Lord Henry. to build they must first destroy, and that it

6" By Jove !" said Buckhurst, “what infer

nal fools we have made ourselves this last is from among ruins only that they can ob

week !” tain their materials.

Conversations such as this are likely to • The time is out of joint, O cursed spite ! have taken place at the close of very many

That ever we were borņ to set it right.' elections besides that at Cambridge; and we They apply these lines with this qualifica- how many politicians, ihis language is now

know well in how many circles, and among tion only, that they never express any aver- held in bitterness of heart and disappointsion to the task, nor any doubt of their abi

ment. We also know how reluctant is the lity to perform it. 'The Whigs,' say they,

are worn out.'—Conservatisin is a sham, support given to the present government by and Radicalism a pollution.'— Loyalty is men professing such opinions.

In another and more serious passage, we dead, and reverence is only a galvanized corpse.' They accordingly conclude that are informed on the same authority, that

• Conservatism is an attempt to carry on they, and they alone, are called forth, and

affairs by substituting the fulfilment of the competent to effect the salvation of the country. Politically connected, whilst in duties of office for the performance of the opposition, with the Tory party-giving to

functions of government; and to maintain that party now in office a general, though of property, reputable private conduct,

and

this negative system by the mere influence occasionally a vituperative support, they what are called good connexions. must be held as possessing a competent servatism discards prescription, shrinks

Conknowledge of what Conservatism is.' The following dialogue between the heroes of from principle, disavows progress: having Mr. D'Israeli's very clever, but in some re

rejected all respect for antiquity, it offers spects very objectionable Novel, describes no redress for the present, and makes no

This, to a certheir feelings, after the triumph of the Con- preparation for the future.'

tain extent, we admit to be true, and it is servative cause, at a successful election for the borough of Cambridge:

the result of the false position in which the

government has placed itself. They fear to 5" By Jove !" said the panting Buckhurst, acknowledge boldly the principles on which throwing himself on the sofa, “it was well they are acting; and they dare not act on done-never was any thing better done. An the principles which they so long openly immense triumph-ihe greatest triumph the Conservative cause has had; and yet," he ad- professed, or permitted their friends to pro

fess on their behalf. ded, laughing, “if any fellow were to ask me what the Conservative cause was, I am sure I

Such is the estimate formed of the Conshould not know what to say."

servative leaders by a section of that body.

The results of their system of government tone of the School, and at the same time are described in terms not more flattering, exemplify the phraseology of their principal by another of their accredited organs; author. The preparation for a first meet•The misery of the lower orders was never ing between an Eton schoolboy and a somein any country more universal or more in- what formidable uncle, is there described tense. Our foreign relations are unstable as denoting that desperation which the and precarious. An income-tax has been scaffold requires. His face was pale ; his resorted to, for the first time in a season of hand was moist ; his heart beat with tumult.' peace. The House of Commons has stulti- The attachment of schoolboys is depicted in fied itself on two occasions. The House of this piece of fantastic jargon : — At Lords, virtually abdicating in 1832, has be- school, friendship is a passion. It entrancome little more than a mere chamber of ces the being; it tears the soul. All love registry.' This, again, is an exaggerated of after life can never bring its rapture or picture; but it must be borne in mind that its wretchedness; no bliss so absorbing; it comes from the pen of no opposition wri- no pangs of despair so keen : what insane ter, but from that of a supporter of the very sensitiveness; what frantic sensibility; what government whose acts are censured in earthquakes of the heart and whirlwinds of such unmitigated terms. The fact, we be the soul are confined in the single phraselieve, is, that Young England, like a much a schoolboy's friendship!' The only relarger and more important portion of the semblance that we have ever met to this, is public, are indignant because they have in a description said to have been given by been deceived. They feel the want of some an American citizen to his favorite horse. fixed political faith, or of some strong and He is a thunder and lightning creature, binding political attachments. The govern- with a dash of the earthquake in him. In ment neither avows any distinct political another passage, a storm in the forest inducreed, nor commands any personal sympa-ces Mr. D’Israeli at once to borrow and to thies. The elements of strength which de- deform one of the most exquisite passages pend on respect and on attachment, are in Mr. Taylor's noble Poem of · Edwin the alike wanting. Cold and apathetic indir- Fair. The wind howled, the branches ference-the most fatal symptoms of a po- of the forest stirred, and sent forth sounds litical paralysis—are visible both in and out like an incantation. The various voices of of Parliament.

the mighty trees were distinguishable as The second failing of this party is almost they sent forth their terror or their agony. as much opposed to their usefulness and The oak roared, the beech shrieked, the success as the first. Presumption is invari- elm sent forth its deep and long-drawn ably productive of exaggeration. Reject- groan, the passion of the ash was heard in ing all experience, separating themselves moans of thrilling anguish.' from all the great parties, their opinions These passages are not to be viewed as become singular and forced. If the Whigs merely exemplifying vices of style. In fact

, take the road through Hyde Park, and the they do much more. The same absurd in Tories the Hammersmith road,' said Grat-flation, as already noticed, extends to printan, “you will be sure to see Harry Banksciples and opinions. The politics of the creeping along the Park wall on his hands school are founded on the rejection of all and knees.' This applies to Young Eng- experience ; its philosophy on a contempt land in all respects, except in the submis- for all experiment. "Great men never want sive attitude of creeping. On the contrary, experience,' is the dogma of Mr. D'Israeli; they are professed posture-masters. We and upon this theory he argues that youth must be permitted to call their affectation alone can perform great or good actions, of singularity and exaggeration, a vulgar- and that the age of thirty-seven is the fatal ism. "To excite surprise is no such very bound which neither patriotism nor genius difficult task. It is done more certainly by can pass. The inutility of experience he a monster than by an Apollo. For one seeks to prove by a long catalogue, in painter who can emulate the delicate and which are whimsically united as inexperitransparent skies and distances of Claude, enced men, Raphael and Grotius, Ignatius a hundred pretenders to art may be found Loyola and John Wesley, Luther and Lord to parody the blood-red sun and inky moun- Clive, Innocent III., William Pitt, and Don tains of Martin. Every sound with this John of Austria. This is abundantly ridic school becomes a shriek, every attitude a ulous. The men with whom we are dealdistortion. A few extracts will disclose the ing, delight in rejecting all common sense

as the type and evidence of vulgar expedi-l' unrestrained by mortmain's jealous laws,' ency.

piety was permitted to offer gold and gems, • To shun the expedient and the good pursue,' To deck the forehead of the queen of heaven.' they take as their motto. But they never All that marks the progress of modern times, condescend to distinguish between that low is denouncedand selfish principle of action which is mis

· Let wealth and commerce, laws and learning die, named expediency, and that generous and But leave us still our old nobility.' enlarged expediency which is but another word for wisdom. True expediency is but Nor are these frenzied ideas confined to the application of a just principle to prac- poetry only. The Revolution of 1688, is tice ;-not by any sacrifice of the principle, denounced as authoritatively in prose as in but by applying it with a wise adaptation to verse. Our Parliamentary constitution is circumstances. To shorten sail in a storm, represented as copied from the Venetian to spread out canvass when the wind Senate—the representative system as but abates, is acting according to expediency; a happy device of a ruder age, to which it but yet neither the one alternative nor the was admirably adapted; an age of semi-civother frees the pilot from the duty of keep- ilization, but a system which now exhibits ing the vessel in her true course, studying many symptoms of desuetude. The happithe best chart, and fixing his eyes on the est expedient of the political philosophy of stars or on the compass. It is only when modern times for combining liberty and expediency is mean and selfish that it is de order, power with responsibility, is scornfully based ; and debased more especially when rejected. The only real princible of repreit resolves itself wholly into personal inter- sentation adapted to our era, Mr. D' Israeli ests. How far the expediency of which considers to be public opinion, of which the Young England most loudly complains public Journals are the practical expositors, comes within this category, it is for that and which, with the Monarch, is to be suparty and not for us to decide.

preme. The conclusions drawn from English his The state of society is dealt with, as tory on their principles, are as extravagant might be anticipated, in quite as extraordias the principles themselves. Man is only nary a manner as our laws and constitution. great when he acts from the passions ; | The middle classes seem to be excluded, as never irresistible but when he appeals to unworthy of all consideration. The eyes the imagination.' Going in search of these, of Young England can only discover in the it is therefore in the relation between the body politic, what they consider the head feudal monarch and his subjects, between of gold and the feet of clay ;—the heart, the baronial noble and his vassals, that Mr. which carries on the circulation, forms no D' Israeli seeks for the true ties of obliga- part of that body. For the very lowest tion and sympathy. As to our present con-class of all, the strongest sympathy is prodition, it seems that we cannot even boast fessed, and we believe honestly felt, but it of being governed by a legitimate sovereign. is strangely manifested. It is not proposed Lord John Manners informs us, that it is at to improve their condition by the extension the tomb of the Stuarts

of knowledge. On the contrary, those

times are spoken of with respect, when - that religion sings Her requiem o'er our latest rightful kings;' "On them no lurid light had knowledge spread,

But faith stood them in education's stead.' and he asks despondingly,

But though education, law, commerce, • Where now is that fond reverence which spread and liberty, are proscribed, it may be some A holy halo round each royal head, And show'd the world that more than carthlything, be found in the unrestrained practice of

consolation to learn, that an equivalent will The Lord's anointed in a sceptred king ?'

almsgiving ;-that all will be set to rights Hence, also, Beckett, Wolsey, and Laud, by the re-establishment of monasteries, and are designated as saints and martyrs—the the resumption of those happy days, regular clergy as 'a staff of holy men ;' her once keen sword' is still described as When monks still practised their dear Lord's

· When good and bad were all unquestion'd fed, the just attribute of the Church; and we

[command, are conjured to imitate those times, when, And rain’d their charity throughout the land.'

To accomplish the mighty purposes of that they will best serve the cause of the political and social regeneration, a holy al- laboring poor, and the social interests of liance is recommended between the Crown their country. We would fain find some and the Chartists! The former must be apology for their heresies. The stream is gratified by unrestrained power; the latter as yet near its fountain, and in its shallow soothed by food and sports. Panem et cir- bed only bubbles and frets itself into foam. censes ; bread and bulls—Mummers and A time may, and we hope will come, when Morris-Dancers. If these blessings are not its course will be more calm, and its waters speedily communicated to the people, or if, equally pure. We are much inclined to when given, they do not satisfy, we are in- think that their errors may in great measure formed, that

be ascribed to the disgust felt at the want

of all true elevation of purpose on the part • The greatest class of all shall know its rights, And the poor trampled people rise at last.' of our Rulers and the Legislature. It is

from the want of a solid Temple and a true Mr. Smythe, it is true, seems to suggest Faith, that men betake themselves to Idols; a link between the Crown and the People, and we are not without hopes that among which, if restored, might do much, accord- the disciples of this errant school, which ing to his ' Historic Fancies,' to unite them. is not without redeeming characteristics, He would reintroduce the practice of touch- Truth may yet find some of her most rationing for the Evil-ma' graceful superstition,' al worshippers. which operated a 'direct communication between the highest and the lowest, between the king and the poor. Dr. Johnson, a man of the people if ever there was one, was yet prouder of having been touched by Queen Anne when he was a child, than he Sue's WANDERING JEW.—The immorality of was of all his heroism under misfortune.' M. Sue's romance of Le Juif Errunt is gravely as

sailed in some of the leading periodicals of the A further agency, extending over all, is French capital. We ask seriously, says one of sought for in the Church, altered, however, the journals, can the description of those infamous in its constitution and its principles. It is orgies with which M. Sue has filled the last two to be rendered democratic in character. numbers, produce any other feeling than disgust? * The priests of God are to be the tribunes mouths of the populace, whole page's filled with

The blasphemous language he puts into the of the people,' observes Mr. D’Israeli. "The accounts of drunkenness and vice, from the realichurch is also to be relieved from its alli- ty of which we should turn away in horrorance with the state, by being placed above are such scenes proper for publication in a work it, and no longer subject to the indignity of destined to penetrate every where, and to fall un

der the eyes of our wives and daughters? It is having its bishops virtually appointed by the preposterous to say that descriptions of this nature House of Commons, now a sectarian assem- are written with a view to ameliorate the condibly.'

tion of the working classes. The morality of the We must here, for the present, take leave public house is a disgrace to our civilization. If, of these harebrained speculators; not, how-ton to be carried on in this way, it will peril the

continues the critic, we suffer the Roman-fcuilleever, without acknowledging, that amidst moral and literary reputation of France in the eyes their extravagances we find strong indica of the whole world. tions of a high-minded and generous spirit.

We know from undeniable authority, that M. We, in particular, see much to approve and Eugene Sue has sold Le Juif Errant to his pub

lishers for 210,000 francs.- Court Journal. to admire in their sympathy for human suffering, and in their active desire to relieve it, wherever found. But let them ‘love wisely, not too well.' It is not by wordy declamations against the New Poor-Law, Proposed RAILROAD FROM Civita-VECCHIA or in such unjust and unwise interferences to ROME, PROHIBITED BY The Papal Govern. with Labor, as were last Session so unan-ment.--- The Papal Government has refused the swerably and eloquently exposed by Lord proposition made by an English company, for the

establishment of a railroad from Civita-Vecchia Brougham in the House of Lords, that to Rome. The King of Naples, on the contrary, their duty will be best performed. It is would willingly extend as far as Gaete the line by laboring to free industry from restraint which is now arrested at Caserte. It might even -to procure a repeal of all restrictive laws be carried to Terracine, if the Pope would conand oppressive duties—and not by the em- But as yet, all propositions have been rejected by

sent to establish a road from Rome to that city. pirical nostrums of their present creed, his Holiness.Ibid.

[graphic]

1944.)
LOUIS PHILIPPE's visIT TO YICTORIA.

529 LOUIS PHILIPPE'S VISIT TO VICTORIA, now happily passed away, and given place to

more open and kindly feeling amongst crownFrom the Court Journal.

ed heads, a feeling which cannot fail to have Louis Philippe has once more landed on

its influence on other classes. our shores, after an absence of nearly_thirty

The King of the French, as the monarch years, during a greater part of which Europe of a great country, was entitled to our respect has witnessed in his person the spectacle of a and attention; and as the personal friend of great man struggling with adversity. His our Sovereign, he has received a welcome master mind has, however, enabled him to which he cannot hereafter reflect upon but grapple successfully with difficulties, before with feelings of the highest satisfaction. His which many a bolder and less adventurous Majesty has lived too long in the world, and spirit would have recoiled. The presence of has seen too much of the vicissitudes of fortune, the King of the French as the honored guest not fully to appreciate the genuine and manly of our Sovereign is an event of deep and stir- expression of a nation's feelings which he has ring interest to all classes of the community. experienced on this occasion. His reception Whether we regard this auspicious inter has been warm and generous—it was the rechange of courtesy, at the present juncture, spect which a great nation can afford to pay between the two most powerful monarchs of to a great man. the universe, in a political or social point of Since his arrival the proudest and the view, its importance as an historical occur- haughtiest nobles of the land have focked rence of the first magnitude must be conced- from their feudal castles to pay their respects ed by all who take the slightest notice of to him whom all have delighted to honor. public affairs. The principle of hereditary Men of high principle and of every shade of succession is a part and parcel of our constitu- political opinion have laid aside their prejution, and any departure from the fixed rules dices to offer their respectful homage to the and spirit of legitimacy is viewed with dis- Monarch who has achieved such magnificent trustful jealousy by the great majority of the and such peaceful iriumphs. His Royal HighBritish people, but it should be remembered ness Prince Alberi, accompanied by the ilthat there is a lide in the affairs of nations 'as | lustrious Hero of the age, hastened to greet well as of men, and this tide was taken at the the august traveller, and welcome him to our flood by Louis Philippe. The bark which shores, ere he had yet landed from the stately bore this adventurous Cæsar and his fortunes vessel which conveyed him acroes the Chanwas steered by him with surpassing dexterity nel. in its perilous course, until he was carried by

There are two circumstances connectthe current of events to his present losty posi-ed with this visit which have impressed us tion, where we have since seen him uphold- with even a higher opinion of Louis Philippe; ing the dignity of his country, and by his —the first is the feeling manner in which he prudence, skill, and indomitable perseverance, alluded to the friendship existing between him enabling France to maintain her place among and our own loved Queen:-"I account it the nations of Europe.

my very good fortune,” said his Majesty, at Louis Philippe, by the steady policy he has Portsmouth,“ to be again visiting your shores, pursued since his accession to the throne of|and enabled to express to her Majesty my France, has entitled himself to the respect of | sincere affection, my warm friendship, and the world. He has preserved peace when that my gratitude for the many tokens of friendship was no easy task; he has maintained the dig- she has bestowed upon me.” We are happy nity of his crown without disturbing the tran- in believing this the langnage of sincerity. quillity of Europe; and by the firmness of his This compliment to the Queen of Great Britgovernment he has prevented the irritable ain was delicately uttered in the midst of the feelings of his subjects from embroiling his subjects of both countries, and before the country in war. France and England have King had touched our shores. Nor can the but too often regarded each other, from their visit to Twickenham on Thursday be regardposition, as "natural enemies;" let us hope ed but as an evidence that Louis Philippe has that

, in future, this circumstance, which has not forgotten the protection and hospitality he been so frequently a cause for war, will be once experienced as an exile in this country. good ground for peace.

We repeat, that the friendly intercourse beThere could be in this country but one seel-tween the Sovereigns of France and England ing of respect for the talents and the station of cannot fail to have an influence, however rethe illustrious Monarch, now on a visit to her mote, upon the political relations of both counMajesty: It is impossible that Louis Philip-tries, and to strengthen his Majesty's handa pe could expect other than a warm welcome in the good work of peace, which it has been in England; and in this he has not been dis- his aim to preserve since his accession to the appointed. A century ago such a visit as that throne of France. paid by our loved Queen to France last year, This, it must be acknowledged by all who and the return which Louis Philippe is mak- have the welfare of their country at heart, is a ing, would have been considered next to im- consummation most devourly to be wished, possible. But the petty jealousies which then and at which all must rejoice. The record of existed between nations and individuals have this auspicious event, and of the triumphant

DECEMBER, 1844. 34

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