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as a painter of character, true to the life of Pope has the merit of more copiousness and spirit as Hogarth.” The more he and variety, to Dryden belongs the charm is examined, the more he rises in the of a closer and compacter fable, and of a estimation of the reader. This is a fer- single and undisturbed aim. Pope scatters tile and healthful field to dig in. Spen- his ridicule like hail among the leares ; ser is somewhat better treated; Shakspeare Dryden hurls down the condensed fire of
no one should ever cease reading." In his indignation, with a fury that rends the returning to the smaller bards, a rich boughs asunder. We learn from Nichols cluster of names tempts the reader, who thai Gray placed the Absalom und Achitois, however, recommended, if of “limit- phel in the first rank of poems. With reed opportunities,” to read such poems as gard to bis historical plays, one remark may Johnson and other critics point out. But be made to show how unsafe a hand-book on consulting Johnson's work as a hand- the biographies of Johnson afford, even in book to the facts,” and finding there a slight particulars; he praises the Spanish very unpromising account of Collins and Friar for what he calls “ the happy coinciGray, would a reader of limited opportuni- dence and coalition of the two plots.” A ties be likely to look out for the opinions of criticisin proved by Hallam to be utterly other critics of better taste? Surely not : without foundation ; the comic scenes in and Collins and Gray would be lost to him. this play, consisting entirely of“ an intrigue, When Pycroft does venture upon a note of which Lorenzo, a young officer, carries on information, by way of supplement to John- with a rich usurer's wife; but there is not, son, we cannot bestow upon it unlimited even by accident, any relation between his commendation. Or Dryden he writes, “ His adventures and the love and murder which Fables, Annus Mirabilis, and translation of go forward in the palace." Virgil, are the most celebrated.” Is this We cannot compliment Mr. Pycroft on criticism true? do these poems asford an his estimate of Pope. The Rape of the outline of the poet's temper of mind and Lock may be, and we think it is, the best invention ? would any one gather from it of all heroi-comical poems; but where do that, in the art of arguing in rhyme, he had we read or hear that the Epistle from Eloisa attained to a consummate mastery, and that to Abelard" is the most immoral and impiin crushing vehemence of sarcasm, he ous poem ever sanctioned ?" Its morality stood alone in English verse ?—
we admit to be questionable—or, rather, 46 Medios violentus in hostes,
quite unquestionable-but is it impious! Fertur, ut excussis elisus nubibus ignis."
Of course its immorality is essentially irre
ligious; and, therefore, in a certain sense, We are not objecting to the works speci- impious; but the analogy is forced, and is fied. His Fables are for the most part ad- not that intended by the objector. It is remirable. The Annus Mirabilis was one lated of Harvey, the discoverer of the circuof his early works, and Hallam commends lation, that he would sometimes fling away its continuity of excellencies, placing it Virgil, in which he took great delight, deabove Waller's Panegyric, and Denhain's claring that it had a devil. Eloisa's letter Cooper's Hill. The translation of Virgil seems to have excited the feelings of our is remarkable for its occasional splendor, critic with equal rigor, though in a different but it is not happily accomplished. Hear direction. Nor should we say that his anIlallam again. "Dryden was little fitted ger was entirely misplaced. 'Hallam, refor a translator of Virgil; his mind was cording the influence exercised by Abelard more rapid and vehement than that of his upon the temper of his age, alludes in a note original, but by far less elegant and judi- to the injustice of Pope, in putting into the cious. This translation seems to have been mouth of Eloisa, in what he calls this unmade in haste; it is more negligent than rivalled epistle, the sentiments of a coarse any of his own poetry, and the style is often and abandoned woman; the real cause of almost studiously, and, as it were, spiteful- her refusal to marry Abelard being an ardent ly vulgar.” Whoever wishes to understand affection, that shrank froin interposing any the peculiar genius of Dryden, should read obstacle to his career of ecclesiastical digniMac Flecknge. He looked upon it with ty. In truth, all sweeping condemnations great affection.
“If any thing of mine is are unwise and impolitic. When Burnet good,” he said at Will's, “it is my Blac- denounced Dryden as a monster of immod. Flecknoe.” It was the original of the Dun- esty and impurity of all sorts, he awoke the ciad, and Scott reminds us, that if the satire indignant remonstrance of Lord Lansdowne,
which obtained a qualifying apology from beyond all poets, but that out of that walk, the bishop's youngest son. Gray believed and especially in his moral delineations, he that Pope had a good heart: we think so always became verbose ; here, truly, he too; and we think also with Atterbury that" had not the art of giving effect with a few in moral subjects, and in drawing charac- touches." ters, he outdid himself.
Even in this very It will have been apparent, from the preepistle, with what beauty of sentiment, and vious observations, that we consider the light of religious fervor, he describes the suggestions offered for a course of reading pure and tranquil delights of a mind sur- in English poetry, to be very insufficient. rendered to holy thoughts and contempla- Now if we were drawing up a course of tions :
reading, adapted not to any age, but to the " Grace shines around her with serenest beams,
young and inexperienced student, we should And whisp'ring angels brought her golden dreams; never begin by telling him that Johnson's For her th' unfading rose ot' Eden blooms,
Lives would be his hand-book of poetry. And wings of seraphs shed divine perfumes ; We should rather say to him, Your time is For lier the spouse prepares the bridal ring; short, and your opportunities of study are For her white virgins hymeneals sing. To sounds of heavenly harps she dies away,
small; you do not, therefore, wish to critiAnd melts in visions of eternal day.”
cise but appreciate verses. Begin, then, by
reading carefully the little sketch of English The character of 'Thomson is not correct. poetry which Southey inserted by way of "All admire the sensibility and natural episode in his Memoir of Cowper. It is beauty of the Seasons." All ought, but do brief, and necessarily imperfect, and shows not. Horace Walpole was insensible to one remarkable omission in the case of their charm. “But," says Pycroft, "he Goldsmith; but every fragment by such a had not the art of giving effect with a few writer, on such a subject, possesses a distouches.” Stranger still : why this was the tinct value. Having done this, you will be very art which he had! When he described able to glance, with some advantage, at the the autumnal gale, brushing with shadowy same author's Specimens of the poets from gust the field of corn, is there one man out-Chaucer to Jonson. When you have looked side the Ophthalmic Hospital, who does not over these, buy the Specimens selected by see the ears rustling, glistening, darkening ? Campbell. Our friend Mr. Nickisson will Mr. Wordsworth's Susan never saw the supply you with a copy for fifteen shillings. trees wave with a greener coolness in the The book is well worth the money ; the valley of Lothbury. In truth, no true poet, biographical sketches are very elegant, and brought up at the knees of Nature, and the preliminary essay gives a popular and taught to read her book in the open air, instructive view of the progress of our ever failed to possess and to indicate this fac- verse. This will be your second step. ulty. It is the eyesight of his art; what Now take Warton's History, not as it came masters in this kind were Virgil and Ho- from the pen of its author, but rich with the race! Thus, when the first writer says in spoils of time. Purchase the edition issued the third Georgic,
by Tegg in 1840, in three volumes, which, “ Aut sic ubi nigrum
embracing the additions and corrections of Ilicibus crebris sacra nemus accubet umbra,"
Price in 1824, has been improved by the
numerous notes and illustrations of living Keble remarks, that it creates the scene scholars. You will find in these volumes before us. “Rem universam ante oculos abundant treasures, not only of poetic, but ponit, quasi quodam jactu pencilli, illud of gerferal literature. First, there is Price's accubet." So Horace charms the spectator very interesting preface; then come the with the magic of a word,
Dissertutions on the Origin of Romantic
Fiction ; On the Introduction of Learn“ Usticæ cubantis
ing; and on the Gesta Romanorum-each Levia personuere saxa.”
and all full of charms to every lover of With regard to Thomson, Pycroft would taste and antiquity. Warton had a fine have been imparting to his pupil a correcter eye for the gray majesty of our elder literanotion, if he had preserved the distinction, ture; and to his patient hand we owe many so happily suggested by Gray, between the a sweet flower of thought that bloomed two different styles of the poet. In the art among the ruins of works which their arof describing the appearances of nature, he chitects expected to have been immortal. thought that Thomson possessed a talent | He had the enthusiasm of the minstrel,
“ Nor shunn’d, at pensive eve, with lonesome will be necessary to have made some pro
pace, The cloysters' moonlight chequered floor to trace, iake up the page of the philosopher of High
gress in suggestive criticism, before you Nor scorn’d to mark the sun, at matins due, Stream through the storied windows' holy hue." gate. For example, the illustration of the
union in Shakspeare of the creative power Southey said wittily, and perhaps truly, and intellectual energy, seems, at first of Warton's rhymes, that they resembled a glance, more difficult than the faculty it is new medal, spotted with artificial dust; his thought to illustrate; he compares them powers of execution were certainly inferior “ to two rapid streams that, at their first to the quickness of his perception. But he meeting within narrow and rocky banks, was an admirable guide to the buildings, mutually strive to repel each other, and inwhich he had neither skill nor vigor to determix reluctantly in tumult, but, soon findsign to erect. The outline of the drama is ing a wider channel and more yielding only slightly and almost parenthetically in-shores, blend and dilate, and flow on in one cluded in the survey of Warton. The stu- current, and with one voice.” A few modent who has sufficient curiosity and pa- ments of reflection, however, will disperse tience of research, will examine the subject the obscurity; and these should be willingly in the pages of Mr. John Payne Collier; or, bestowed. The water is generally clear in with more ease and pleasure, in his recent proportion to the depth of the spring. biography of Shakspeare. Of the subsidi- | Again, no reader should omit Gray's essay aries to Warton it is not necessary to speak. on English metres, which Mathias printed Percy, to whom modern poetry owes so in his edition of the poet's works.
It was large a debt, carries his letter of recom- to have formed a chapter in the history of mendation in the title-page. Southey's poetry that Gray projected, but subsequentspecimens of the later English poets were İy relinquished. The remarks on Lydgate intended as a supplement to the specimens should also be read, as a model of what of the earlier writers by Ellis; the one series criticism ought to be—at once calm, genconcluding with Charles II., the other com- erous, sensitive, and refined. Some of the mencing with his successor James. Southey prefaces to the Aldine poets will shed light considered that the two, combined, might upon several obscure pages of our poetic be consulted for a view of the rise, progress, annals. Warton's history terminates at the and decline of our poetry. Of the speci- beginning of the Elizabethan age. He mens produced by Southey it may be ob- died at the moment when, after passing served, that they were selected upon a through the outer courts of the temple of wrong principle ; they give notices of poet- imagination, his hand was stretched out to asters, not of poets, and, with a few excep-lift the curtain from the shrine. Every tions, contribute illustrations, not to the scholar may bewail the catastrophe. The history of imagination, but of dulness. richest page of our verse, one on which Among other defects, Southey, in this Fancy had bestowed her most splendid illuwork, falls into the error already mentioned mination, lay open before him. Spenser, in Johnson. He wants the faculty of per- his own Spenser, the theme of his affecceiving and commending the genius of those tion, the inspiration of his song, beckoned who differed from his own theory of taste. him to the garden, where, in the words of Thus, he had the courage to say that Pope Warton himself
, he stood alone, without a had nothing in common with Milton and class, and without a rival. Shakspeare, except verse; but, surely, he There is another kind of books essential had the power of moving the heart and of to the useful pursuit of poetical knowledge delighting the eye; and, in the picturesque -works on taste. Pycroft offers a very and the pathetic, he belonged to the same scanty supply. Burke and Alison are the family, though it may be as the youngest chief authors of reputation whom he menbrother. The occasional essays of men oftions. He refers, indeed, to the critical eminence, upon various poets and their papers in the Quarterly and Edinburgh works, will furnish entertaining opportuni- Reviews, and especially to Wilson's articles ties of improving the taste. It is very in- on Spenser, so elaborately commended by teresting to look on Ariosto, painted by Hallam. The professor has few admirers Titian and illustrated by Sismondi. Per- more ardent than ourselves; but, while we haps, of modern writers, Schlegel and delight in reading, we should be slow to reColeridge will give the deepest insight ceive all his critical canons. That elointo the imagination of Shakspeare; only it quence, which Hallam compares to the
523 rush of mighty waters, bears the reader too which familiarity and research are calcuswiftly along" in the stream of unhesitating lated to bestow. Criticism is only of any eulogy,” for him to examine, with sufficient real value when it works under the light accuracy and care, the scenery through and heat of a presiding and governing which he is being hurried. With all his taste :faults of mysticism, we look on Coleridge
“ Turn'd to this sun, she casts a thousand dyes, as a soberer guide. His feeling of the beau
And, as she turns, the colors fade or rise.' tiful is equally intense, and his utterance of it is somewhat more restricted. When he seems to be most cloudy, an earnest gaze will commonly pierce the mist. Hallam
QUEEN ISABELLA OF Spain.—A very interestsays, that he does not quite understand the ing anecdote appears in some of the continental remark of Coleridge, that “Spensers de- journals, respecting the young Queen Isabella of scriptions are not in the true sense of the Spain. It seems that her Majesty, meeting the word picturesque, but are composed of a her carriage and walked with the priest who car
procession of the holy sacrament, descended from wonderful series of images, us in our ried the viaticum to the lodging of a young girl dreams.” To us, the meaning of the pas- who was dying of consumption. The young girl sage is sufficiently obvious. The descrip-was wretchedly poor, and her Majesty, before she tions of Spenser frequently want that exqui- left her, emptied the contents of her purse, and
on her return to the palace, ordered that a further site harmony and adjustment of parts, which
sum, equal to about 310 francs, should be forwardwe seldom look for in vain in the represented to her, with a small!daily allowance in addition. ations of Virgil or in the pictures of Raf- Nor was this all. She desired two of her physifaelle. He could not restrain the ardor of cians to attend and report to her whether there his fancy to that chastity of composition there was still hope for the invalid if she could
was any hope of recovery. Having declared that which rejects every word or color not re- get into the country, the queen immediately isquired to give force and tone to the deline-sued orders that she should be removed to one of ation. Hence it happens that his pictures her own farm-houses. This admirable proof of have a glittering haziness, like a landscape her Majesty's active practical benevolence, has viewed in the glimmer of an autumnal sky, the young queen is the universal object in Madrid.
greatly increased the popular devotion of which when the rising sun is beginning to kindle - Court Journal. the vapor over the remote villages.
To this indulgence of the fancy, also, is to be attributed the discord between the MEMORIAL To Dr. Dalton.-A meeting has images introduced, when the relation of been held among the inhabitants of Manchester, parts to each other and to the whole is not be given to a public memorial in honor of their il
for the purpose of determining on the character to preserved. And this is the characteristic lustrious townsman, the late Dr. Dalton--a philoof all the scenery of dreams. In this man- sopher who, as one of the speakers expressed it, ner, we think that the remark of Coleridge
“ found chemistry an art, and left it a science;' becomes more intelligible.
His critical and we think they have done themselves very
great honor by the sentiments expressed on the works must be diligently perused. We great honor by the sen
occasion. The general impression was in favor would also refer to three writers not men- of a permanent professorship of chemistry, as suittioned by Pycroft, but of rare merit and ex-ed to the wants and interests of the locality, and cellence in their art ; Price on the pictur- the most appropriate expression of the claims of
the illustrious dead to honor amongst his townsesque, Whately on landscape-gardening,
men and throughout the world. This is in the and Payne Knight on the beautiful. Gil- right spirit; which does the noblest homage to pin's various publications on woodland learning when it spreads it-holds up the example scenery will suggest many thoughts of in- of the great in the form which best helps its teachterest." We think, also, that Reynolds' dis-ing, and supplies the peculiar wants of a neigh
borhood, in the name of the departed genius which courses ought to be combined with every served in that same ministration, all its days. A course of poetical reading. We like to see town that can boast a Dalton, would overlook a the Muse of Painting holding her lamp over great means of distinction, wanting a school of the book of Fancy. Especially, we recom- chemistry; and, as was observed by another of mend Price and Whately, as being less might be only the first to some great future uni
the speakers," the step they were now taking known, and far less generally read. The versity.” There seemed to be a feeling, among lights which they bring the sister arts to some, that a statue should be added to the profes
each other, are extremely beauti- sorship; and a hint, offered in the way of comful. Payne Knight, with less of elegance, three noble streets about to be opened by the cor
that " of has more of learning, and is far beyond poration, that which was still unnamed should be Burke in all the acuteness and precision called Dalton Street." —Atheneum.
said of the garden of his friend Dr. Delany :
From the Edinburg' Review.
• You scarce upon the borders enter,
Before you're in the very centie; I. Coningsby; or, the Nero Generation.
Yet in this narrow compass we
Observe a vast variety.' By B. D'Israeli, M. P. 3 vols. evo. Lon. don : 1844. 2. Historic Fancies. By the Hon. George to depreciate the attainments of the party.
But we are far from intending or wishing Sydney Smythe, M. P. 8vo. London: There never was one which, for its num1844.
bers, has produced so many parliamentary 3. England's Trust, and other Poems. speakers and so many authors. Their inBy Lord John Manners, M. P. London : diters of verse are particularly numerous : 1844.
“Tam multa genera linguarum sunt in hoc Having been sometimes asked, What do mundo! et nihil sine voce est!' Among the terms 'Young England' import? we the chief ornaments of the fraternity are have been induced to gratify the less in those named at the head of this article. formed of our readers with a notice of the Their works may be said to contain a pretvery small party who rejoice in that name ty full exposition of their political creed, -a notice brief and slight, but which may and exemplification of their intellectual suffice, for the present, to give some idea powers.
Both the one and the other apof its composition and pretensions. Should pear to us to have been misapprehended in any circumstances occur to invest it with some respects. By themselves and their further importance, we may hereafter be immediate followers, they have been made induced to resume the subject in a more the victims of exaggerated encomium. detailed and elaborate manner.
They are possessed by the evil spirit of a We must, however, say that this party, coterie. When Mr. Smythe dedicates his though small, and in some of its aspects ra- Historic Fancies' to Lord John Manners, ther laughable, is yet entitled to more at he takes occasion to designate that very tention than it seems to have received. But amiable young nobleman as 'the Philip this claim arises more perhaps from the Sydney of our generation ;' and, in return, causes from which it has sprung, and the the Poems of this modern Sydney are 'adfeelings of which it is the exponent, than miringly as well as affectionately inscribed from any immediate practical results to to his friend.' In 'Coningsby,' the indiwhich it can lead. Though, as just stated, viduals who compose the party are so clearit is nowhere numerous, it has nevertheless ly designated, and some of the likenesses had some influence on the proceedings of are so striking, that the addition of their the House of Commons, owing to the abi- names would only be a needless formality; lity of its members in that house. In the and they are held up to public veneration House of Lords it is not avowedly repre- as the future regenerators of England and sented by more than one lay peer and a of mankind. Being for the most part bishop. But its influence is greater than young men, their historian, Mr. D’Israeli, its numbers, and its organization is on the declares war against age, and proclaims whole complete. After a curious inspec- that England is alone to be saved by its tion and enumeration of the limbs and fea- youth; and he decides with equal confitures of a new-born infant, we recollect dence, that the very restricted circle of once upon a time to have heard that the which he is the eulogist, contains all the first observation of a wondering but intel- patriots and apostles who are to produce a ligent child was—'Dear baby has got a lit-new order of things. ' Thou art the man!' tle of every thing.' So it is with Young he says to his hero, with all the emphasis of England. It has got a little of every a self-inspired and self-accredited prophet. thing ; ;-a little of history, somewhat more of On the other hand, those who depreciate metaphysics, a small portion of unintelligi- 'Young England,' represent them as vain, ble theology, expanded and inflated into an disappointed, and selfish adventurers, with enormous bubble, bright in prismatic colors, whom the sprctæ injuria forme is the only but bursting at the first touch of a feather; moving power ; and who, if they had been and a very little political economy, almost admitted to a share in the distribution of as bubble-like and inflated—not to mention political honors, would have been the paneother smaller accomplishments. As Swift gyrists of much that they are now the loud