LOUISA QUEEN OF PRUSSIA. gined that he was in distress, and therefore

ordered her page to present him with four From the Literary Gazette.

Frederic's dollars. He was, however, a reCharacteristic Traits from the Life of Frederic spectable citizen of Potsdam, who had just re

William III.By Bishop Eylert, preacher to covered from a severe illness, and had come His Majesty at Potsdam. From Vol. 11., just into the park to enjoy the fresh country air. published at Magdeburg. [This is the work He therelore declined the proffered gist with a from which the selections by Mr. Birch were proper feeling of independence. The queen, made, noticed in our last No.- Ed. Lit. Gaz.] who had in the mean time pursued her walk, I'r is with no ordinary feelings of satisfac- back to reassure the old man, whom she fan

was no sooner informed of this, than she turned tion that we take up that portion of Bishop cied that she must have hurt. "Pardon me, Eylert's second volume, which renders the said the queen; 'I did not wish 10 wound beautiful, the gentle, the highly-gifted Louisa Queen of Prussia “a familiar acquaintance” to your feelings; but you must at least permit us. There is such queenly dignity blended me to provide for your recovery by sending

you every day such nourishment as your with the gentle sweetness of the woman-such kitchen may perhaps not furnish. The king unaffected goodness of heart set off by the loves the good burgesses of his own native most exalted and expansive Christian princi- city of Potsdam, and I join in this feeling with ple—that her life is a model, no less for the all my heart.' 'The worthy master Van der sovereign than for the humblest temale in the Leeden rose up in grateful emotion before his land. Passing over the historical events connected did he daily receive supplies from the royal

benignant sovereign; and for many weeks with her career, and the general biography-kitchen. her birth, beauty, accomplishments, marriage “ The allowances which the queen received to the crown-prince of Prussia, when both in The bloom of youth, and her lamented death every quarter from the king, through bis privy

counsellor, M. Wolter, were often inadequaie we proceed to select some of the more private to supply these daily liberalities. She iheretraiis of her exemplary life and character:

fore begged him to make some advances; but “So great was the fame of her charity, that Wolter was straightforward, conscientious, and not a day passed without bringing her peli- very particular in his accounts: “All my actions from the most remote paris of the king counts,' replied he,' are made up every month; dom. These she generally answered by her I am not permitted to enter any advances own hand, accompanying her gists by words of the kindest interest, thus furnishing a beau- among the expenditure—it is contrary to the

king's positive orders. But indeed, your matiful commentary upon that expressive text of the holy Scriprures, "God loveth a cheerful jesty, it will not do to go on in this way; you

will give till you have impoverished yourself.' giver.' During her residence in Potsdam,” says good Wolter, I love my children; and the word

The queen replied, with much kindness, ‘My Bishop Eylert," the queen generally sent for Land's-child (Landeskind) sounds sweetly in my investigation the innumerable petitions addressed to her, and I had often the happiness that I am with my best friend,* the land's

my ears; and I am ravished with the thought of being the almoner of her charities. She was father, also the land’s-mother. I cannot, dare wont to say, 'it ought to be our chief object to not, separate from him ; but must give help remove the origin and causes of poverty, and wherever it is required.” Well,' said the faith. to make the needy better and happier by their ful Wolter, I will tell his majesty.' 'If you own active exertions. But then, she added, I think that it will not make him angry,' rein the genuine spirit of a woman, whether the joined the queen. But he, the most tender poor man really deserves our aid, -that is not and happiest of husbands, with a heart and for us to inquire. Who can know and weight hand as ready as hers, did not upbraid. A few that? The lines which separate merited and days after, the queen found the drawer of her unmerited poverty are so finely, traced, and writing-desk replenished. What angel can run so closely into one another! And how have placed it there ? exclaimed the queen, does our heavenly Father act towards us ? is "The angel,' replied the king, 'is Legion. I he not all mercy and compassion ?' This pious know not what may be his name, and I know feeling, and the look of affectionate sympathy but one ; but you know the beautiful text, “ So which expressed it, were habitual; she carried. He giveth His beloved sleeping.' (Germ. irans. it so far, that if she beheld from the window of Psalm cxxvi.) the palace, or in driving through the streets, a

“ On occasion of some splendid military fêle, countenance which told of sorrow or suffering, which was celebrated in the church at Potsshe could not divest herself of the impression dam, the king and queen attended in state; till she had investigated into the cause. This extreme readiness to afford relief, as we might worthy and highly respectable lady, who was

every seat had been long occupied, when a suppose, sometimes led her into mistakes.

a member of the congregation, entered the “During one of her walks in the park near the palace at Potsdam, she saw a pale and emaciated man resting upon one of the seats ; * This was the queen's favorite term when and as he was poorly dressed, the queen ima- speaking of the king.

church. Being unacquainted with its different, happy manner of carrying his point by some localities, she, in her search for some vacant sportive act.

When he had made such a respot, suddenly found herself in the passage solve, he retained his wonted gravity; but leading to the queen's clos't. She opened there was always a singular play of the counthe door, and, to her astonishment, beheld the tenance, accompanied by a sarcastic smile. royal party, who were already engaged in "Well,' said the king one day to the Countess their devotions. She was about to withdraw, von Voss, the queen's first lady of the bedwhen one of the ladies kindly motioned her to chamber, who was a stringent observer of etiremain; and with the natural humility of her quette,-Well, I will conform; and to prove character, she silently took the most retired this to you, I will request you to announce me, place. But she little suspected the storm and to demand wheiher I may have the honor which this was to draw down upon her. No of an audience of my consort, her royal highsooner had the queen left the pew, than the ness the crown-princess; I am desirous of paymaster of the ceremonies went up to the poor ing my respects to her, and I trust she will be woman, in virtue of his office, and censured her graciously pleased to grant my wish. The in the most vehement manner for presuming to lady of the bedchamber, who had often mourned force herself into the royal presence, and thus the sad dereliction of couri-etiquette, was over. violate every law of decorun. The assurances joyed at this triumph of the good bygone custhat her offence had been unintentional were ioms. She hastened to prepare herself, in orunavailing, even when she had stated the der to announce the desired audience-an intiname and rank of her husband : she was treal-matiou to which she flattered herself she should ed as if she had been guilty of lèse majesté. receive a gracious reply. Who, iben, can She came to me,” says Bishop Eylert, " in the paint her astonishment when, on entering the deepest distress, but appeared most of all to be apartment to announce her royal lord, she affected by the thought that she should have found that he had anticipated her, and was appeared to be wanting in due respect to the actually walking arm-in-arm with the queen, queen. While she was still speaking, Count then still princess? The king burst into a loud von Brühl, the queen's chamberlain, entered hearty laugh, exclaiming, “You see, my dear with a message from her majesty, requiring Lady Voss, that my wife and I meet and conmy immediate attendance. On entering the verse together without being announced ; this audience-chamber, the queen came up instant- is what we wish and desire, and this is accordly, saying, 'I entreat you to tell me what has ing to all good Christian rules. But you are a happened in your church. I have just learnt charming lady of the bedchamber, and shall that a very worthy lady has been shamefully henceforth be called, 'Dame d'Etiquette.? abused by my chamberlain. And for what] « On another occasion, when the customary reason ?- would you credit it?-merely be ceremonials attendant on a gratulatory visit of cause she had entered my pew during divine the court 10 an allied court, were under disservice. Every body knows what the king cussion, the lady of the bedchamber observed, and I think of court-etiquette ; it may not be that the departure to and from the palace must altogether dispensed with, but surely there take place in one of the principal siate-carriaought to be some difference made when in the ges, drawn by eight richly-caparisoned horses, house of God. I cannot tell you how deeply 1two coachmen, and three of the body-jäger, in am grieved at this occurrence, although I am their state-liveries. • Well,' said the king, personally innocent. But I entreat you to seto smiling, thus, then, you shall order it. When ile this affair. Dine with us to-day on Pea- this splendid equipage drove up the next day, cock's Island, and let me hear that this worthy the king, with great violence, lifted her ladylady feels satisfied; to-morrow you must come ship into it, rapidly closed the door, and callagain, and bring her with you; and tell her ling out 'On !''to ihe drivers, sprung hastily, shall be delighted to make her acquaintance.' with the queen, into his ordinary carriage,

“ It is impossible to estimate the blessings which was open, and drawn by a pair of horses which resulted, not only to the royal family, only, and drove himself after his grand statebut even to the whole country, froin the royal coach, amid the acclamations of the crowd." union. If we had not the most independent The Collowing is a somewhat novel but pleastestimony of eye-witnesses, the pure, simple, ing proof of the perfect understanding wbich heartfelt picture of domestic bliss might be subsisted between the royal pair:taken for some beautiful idyll, rather than a “It was the king's custom, after receiving scene of real life, retaining all its force and presentations in the cabinet, to hasten, though freshness under every circumstance,-a happi- but for a few moments, to the queen's apariness such as is rarely found even in the less ments, to breakfast with her; his favorite rerestrained intercourse of private lise, and yet freshment being fresh-gathered fruit. He saw more rarely on a throne. It may readily be on entering, a very pretty cap lying on her supposed that the devoted affection, the simple, work-table. He gaily demanded its cost. “Oh, unaffected union of the king and queen, would it is by no means 'well,' replied the queen, not submit to the trammels of old court eti-eportively, when husbands require to know quette.

the price of their wives' millinery; they don't “ Wherever the king saw that remonstrances understand it, and then fancy every thing too would be unavailing, he possessed a peculiarly dear. “But you may tell me how much this

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cap cost ? I should like to know.' 'Well, I COURSES OF ENGLISH READING.
have chosen a cheap one-it costs only four
dollars.' 'Only four dollars ? terribly dear for

From Fraser's Magazine. such a thing! And while standing at the

It was said upon one occasion, by a very window, continuing to amuse himself about its price, he perceived one of the guard of invalids stout gentleman of the last century, that it crossing the court; he motioned him to enter. is surprising to observe how small a quanOn coming into the apartment, the king said: tity of reading there is in the world : yet, • The lady sitting on that sofa has a great deal | if his subsequent conversation with the of money ; for what think you, old comrade, younger Burke and Boswell be correctly she has paid for the cap which is lying upon reported, he has furnished a solution of his the table ? But don't suffer yourself to be blinded by the fine rose-colored ribbon: The understanding makes through a book, he

own problem. The progress which the old veteran, who had but little experience in such affairs, shrugged his shoulders, and said, conceived to have in it more of pain than laconically,' Well, it may have cost some gros- pleasure; and no man, he ventured 10 chen.' 'Do you hear ihat ? said the king; assert, ever reads a work of science from groschen, indeed! Four dollars did she pay pure inclination, the books really perused for it! Go now and ask the fair lady to give with pleasure being only such light compoyou just as many.' Looking up with a smile sitions as contain a quick succession of at her husband, she instantly

opened her purse, events. The reader will, doubtless, bare and placed four new dollar-pieces in the soldier's hand. But," added she, playfully, identified the stout gentleman of our · look at that illustrious gentleman who is quotation with that great Dr. Johnson, standing in the window; he has a great deal whose critical shoes have creaked over the more money than I; all that I have comes from threshold of the present generation, in all him, and he gives willingly; now go to him, that unoiled roughness in which Boswell and make him give you double--eight dollars.' determined to preserve them. In uttering With a merry laugh, the queen turned to see how this command would come off at the hands his last remark, he was probably thinking of the ever-ready king. On this occasion, how- of the day when he read through Fielding's ever, there was somewhat of backwardness in Amelia without stopping. But the asserhis responses. Shrugging his shoulders, yet tion is not well founded, and if Johnson laughing and wishing the veteran all happi- had known any thing of Cambridge educaness, the eight pieces were forthcoming: It tion, he would have immediately perceived was the man's good fortune to have beheld the its fallacy. Peacock's Algebra is the Ivanhappiest of husbands and wives; and on leaving the room he overheard their mirthful and hoe of Si. John's; and we have known a gladsome laugh.”

man of science whose constant and favorite
companion among shady lanes was Bland's
Collection of Problems. This taste, how.

ever, is not easily imparted. Whatever DECORATIVE-ART Society.—This society, the may be the contagion of the


Mr. formation of which we announced last year, has Blakesley or Mr. Thurtell could give some resumed its meetings. On Wednesday last, a par interesting illustrations to show that the per was read by Mr. Cowtan, 'On Paper Hangings,' in which an account was given of the rise infection of the differential calculus spreads and progress of the manufacture in this country, slowly; and the present popular Master of illustrated by specimens of various dates. It was Trinity cannot fail to number, among his contended that the higher principles of art were tutorial reminiscences, a considerable party more truly appreciated and more extensively ap: of Young England, absolutely deaf to the plied by the manufacturers, some sixty years since, (amongst thos? named were Sheringham charmings of pulleys and Bramah. The and the Echardts, assisted by the artists Boileau, difficulty resides in awakening a taste for a Fuseli, Jones, &c.,) than by those of the present pump or a poem. day. During the discussion which ensued, it was observed that our paper-stainers do not, as for.

We approve of Johnson's suggestion, to merly, employ artists as an integral part of their turn a boy loose into a library-having establishment, but content themselves with pur- previously removed all works of an injurichasing their blocks from the designer, whose ous tendency--and to let him graze as be artistic character thus necessarily merges in that

likes. Nothing can be worse than to en. of a mere dealer in carved wood. Their conduct in this particular was disadvantageously contrast- close him in one small field of knowledge, ed with that of the calico-printers, a somewhat with thorn hedges, a cord, and a staple

. analogous trade, who were said to employ from The confinement of the pasture destroys its five to ten designers for their especial service, al. relish. Instead of binding down his eye though they do not produce more pieces per and attention to a single book, let him annum than some of the larger paper-staining houses.-Athenæum.

please his appetite in the selection; and,

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above all, abstain from discouraging him er of genius will overcome.” But say rather, by a statement of difficulties beyond the that there is always an indisposition among reach of his understanding. If he find the the many to welcome or to admire the trunk of the tree too huge and knotty beautiful and pure in art. Is it conceivfor his arms to encircle it, he will, of his able that Spenser should ever be the poet own accord, soon abandon the attempt to of the Reform Club? The atmosphere of climb to the boughs. Nor is another cau- popular feeling and thought grows every tion of the Doctor's undeserving of regard. day denser and cloudier; if the song-thrush If a man or a boy begins to read in the would sing, it must ascend above the mist, middle of a book, and feels an inclination and out of the sight of the vulgar, and to go on, he advises him not to turn back there, followed only by a few loving eyes, and commence methodically at the first

" Scatter its loose notes in the waste of air.” page, lest the inclination to the task should lose its heat, or entirely forsake him. In We think that this turning free of the addition to the removal of all books harm- young intellect may often be productive of ful to the spiritual health, the field ought excellent results. Fergusson was made a to be carefully weeded from modern mis- man of science by seeing his father mend cellanies and every body's abridgments. the roof of the house by the aid of a prop An opinion of Gray has been recorded that and lever; Vaucanson might never have might be pondered with advantage by those exhibited his remarkable mechanical talwhom it concerns: he thought that the ents, if he had not in his boyhood been abundance of dictionaries of all kinds shut up in a room with nothing but a clock promised badly for the literature of the age, for a companion. By a similar process of because rich and profound learning is nev- imitation a few sunny hours over Hooker er derived from such sources, but drawn at may make a Field, and Spenser may yet the fountain-head; and the inducements to create many a future Cowley. idleness which such compilations hold out, While we were thinking of the difficult effectually weaken, if they do not entirely hills which all benevolent Clarksons have quench, the spirit and the industry to study to climb, in their efforts to mitigate the a subject in the original authorities. We slavery of ignorance, we met with a volume think it, accordingly, no topic of rejoicing, entitled, Å Course of English Reading, when a young man is versed in the intel- adapted to Every Taste and Capacity. lectual statistics of The Literary Gazette, The author is a clergyman, the Rev. James or fond of paddling, with the water just Pycroft. Now the book has merits, and up to his toes, in the streamlet of The may do good; but one objection to it Penny Cyclopa dia. This is what we call, should be stated at once. The work itself to borrow Gray's description of Harris's contains not only internal indications, but Hermes, the shallow profound. " It is a distinct avowal of having been composed amazing to consider to what an universality for the youthful scholar alone, and with a of learning people make pretensions here. sort of wavering inclination towards the There is not a drawer, a chair, or a hack- feminine gender. “ Complete essays on ney-coachman, but is politician, poet, and these comprehensive subjects,” says the judge of polite literature.” The words are writer, in allusion to history, &c.; "are Shenstone's and were written from Lon- not to be expected from one who addresses don in 1740. A hundred years have cer- himself to ihe young and inexperienced tainly not diminished their truth. There student, and whose chief ambition is to be is around and among us the chatter, but useful.” This caution is pointed by Pope's not the refinement of taste. The sale of admonition to quarrelsome critics, about 3000 copies of Paradise Lost in eleven regarding years, would, according to the frank admission of Hallam, have been a very

“ The writer's end, satisfac

Since none can compass more than they intend." tory success in our own times. Yet that success was obtained in the seventeenth Certainly not : but then, instead of page 98, century, and against the full strength of these wise words should have appeared in ignorance, prejudice, and vice. An inter- page 1. If a course of reading be “adaptnal machinery of life worked the noble ed to every taste and every capacity,” it ship into the haven, in defiance of wind must also be suited to every age; for the and tide. “ There is sometimes a want of congeniality in public taste, which no pow * Published by Longman and Co. 1844.

December, 1844. 33

taste and the capacity fluctuate with the snatches of reading will not make a Bentley changes of time. If this book be addressed or a Clarke, but then Bentleys and Clarkes strictly and singly to young persons, then make themselves. No man of genius ever the title-page ought to be altered ; if to sailed over literature by the map of his persons of maturer life, then the course it- predecessors; he marks his course by the self should be amended. As it is, you pass stars overhead in the heaven of intellect. under the arch of Buckingham Palace, and How to read, and what to read, are quesfind yourself in an infant school at Pimlico. tions more easily asked than answered. The contents of the volume are also open Look, for instance, at history. Temple reto rebuke; there is rather too much of quested a mutual friend to obtain from flippancy, and not quite enough of accu- Gray a plan for studying modern history, racy. Some of the remarks, however, not confined to any particular period, but are ingenious, and calculated to be benefi- beginning and ending at the epochs he cial to the young ladies and gentlemen of might deem to be most expedient. We whom the compiler speaks in his preface. gather from the recently published corresWe cannot approve of his hints for educat-pondence of Nichols, that Gray disliked ing a female order of commentators upon the task—“ You aggravate my misfortunes the Scriptures. After giving an account by twitting me with Temple, as is a pack of a young lady, who delights in writing of names of books and editions were any the marginal references of the Bible upon cure for his uneasiness, and that I withsome paper most mystically arranged in held it from him.” What Temple desired vertical columns, he adds, “This is a was, not a pack of names, but a list of a much more profitable employment than few of the best and most necessary in knitting, though ladies may be allowed to each period, sufficient to compose a historido both ;” and astonishes us with ihe ques- cal chain, and continue it unbroken : and tion, “ Who would not be more proud of a what he asked for himself in vain, has mother who bequeathed him a commentary been supplied to all students by Gray's than a quilt ?” We are so sacrilegious as successor in the historic chair of Camto say, with unblushing effrontery, that we bridge. Smyth's Lectures on Modern Hisshould prefer the quilt : and the reason is tory--already recommended in REGINIobvious, and to our mind unimpeachable. afford a clear and safe light to the inexperiWe already possess several commentaries, enced traveller along these rugged paths of but never had a quilt. Lady Jane Grey, investigation. Pycroft, having the profesreading Plato, was surely invading with sor's arm to lean upon, maintains a good sufficient hardihood the privileges of the pace and a very becoming attitude in this universities; but even Ascham himself section of his labors; the suggestion, to would have shrunk from the Commentary. chocse some particular branch of modern There is truth, as well as neatness, in the history, is plausible, but inconvenient, if lines of Cowper,

rigidly carried out. No spectacle can be

more absurd, than a person familiar with 11 Great offices will havə Great talents; and God gives to every man

an episode in the life of a nation; acquaintThe virtue, temper, understanding, taste,

ed with its manhood, but ignornnt of its That lifts him into life, and lets him fall childhood and old age. It is knowing one's Just in the niche he was ordained to fill."

way to St. Paul's without having ever

heard of the Mansion-house, Still, by all Mr. Pycroft professes, then, to teach us means,

select some

strong points." what to read. The offer should be welcomed. Among these Pycroft justly enumerates : In the present day we live, as it were, in a|(1.) The early history till about the time mill, and the driving tide of business among of the Conquest. (2.) The era of the midthe wheels keeps up a perpetual tumult dle ages, including the feudal system, chivand foam. Intervals of repose are all the alry, and the crusades. (3.) The dawn of opportunities of study and reflection that discovery — printing — gunpowder-commany of us can hope to obtain. A foot pass, &c. (4.) Civil Wars, (5.) Revoluupon the cradle and a finger upon Ilorace, tion of 1688. Here, with the help of may be the fate of more than one literary Smyth (why does he call the good professor, descendant of Hooker. How can these Dr. Smyth? as if every stain and wrinkle intervals be best employed for the purposes in that bombasin M. A. gown did not reof mental cultivation ? Every one feels, ject the title !), Pycroft mentions some imand acknowledges with Johnson, that portant books, and his directions for reading

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