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Dr. Heinroth.—At Leipsie, aged 70, Doctor | eral years; but his impaired health made it ne. Heinroth. He was a pupil of the celebrated Pi- cessary for him to live in a milder climate, and he nel, whose views and ihose of the Esquirol, as to removed to Florence. He was attended in his the substitution of moral treatment for physical last moments by Louis and Jerome, who are his coercion, in the cure of madness, he was the first only surviving brothers.—Court Jour. to introduce into Germany, both in his own practice, and by his publication and annotation of the works of those two eminent physicians. On his

Rev. HENRY FRANCIS CAREY.-The death return from France, the Saxon government cre- of this distinguished author was announced by a uted a chair, for the reaching of this class of med- correspondent of the Times, last week, and also ical science, expressly for him, and appointed the the interment of bis remains, on Wednesday, in new professor head physician to the St. George's Poet's Corner, Westminster Abbey. He began Hospital for the insane—the functions of both his poetical career in hoyhood, and at the age of which offices he discharged till his death. He fifteen published a spirited ode on the death of was the author of many works of reputation, con

Kosciusko, of whom Campbell wrote (“Pleasures nected with his own specialty-besides some of Hope”): popular novels and romances, published under the “Hope for a season bade the world farewell, pseudonym of Tremund Wallentreter-and mem And Freedom shriek'd when Kosciusko fell." ber of most of the learned bodies in Europe, including the Royal Society of London.— Gent. Mag. Mr. Carey proceeded to the degree of M. A. in

On Friday, the 9th inst., at an advanced age, Christ's Church, Oxford, and took a wide and died that gallant Officer KEAR Admiral GAL prominent range in the study of modern literature.

He entered the navy the 19th Feb., 1786, In 1805 he published the “Inferno" of Dante in and has seen considerable service in bis profes- English blank verse, with the text of the original. sion. At the Battle of the Nile he ably distin- An entire translation of the “Divina Comedia" guished himself under the eye of the immortal appeared in 1814, and has long since taken its Nelson, being senior lieutenant of the Vanguard, place among our standard English authors. To that hero's ship; at Walcheren he commanded the this Mr. Carey afterwards added a translation of Dryad; and in 1811 was aciively employed on the Birds of Aristophanes and of the Odes of Pinthe north coast of Spain in co-operation with the dar. He contributed to the old " London Maga: “patriots,” or national party. He captured the zine” a valuable continuation of Johnson's " Lives Clorinde, French frigate, in 1814, that vessel of of English Poets," and also “Lives of Early war having previously had a severe action with French Poets.” In 1826 he was appointed assisthe Eurotas.- Ibid.

tant librarian in the British Museum, which office he resigned about six years since. From that pe

riod he had continued his literary labors with DEATH OF Joseph BUONAPARTE, EX-KING of almost youthful energy, having edited the poetiSpain.—The news of the death of the head of cal works of Pope, Cowper, Milton, Thompson, the Buonaparte family, Joseph Buonaparte, Count and Young, together with a fourth edition of his de Survilliers, reached Paris on Monday. He own Dante, to which he added many valuable expired at Florence, on the 28th ult, at the age notes. The late government marked its sense of of seventy-six. On the assumption of the Impe- his literary merits, by granting him a pension of rial Crown by Napoleon, he was offered the King. £200 a year.–Lit. Gaz. dom of Lombardy, which he refused. He was made King of Naples in 1806, and in 1808 the will of the Emperor removed him to the throne From Göttingen, we hear of the death of M. of Spain, his fall from which we need not relate. GEORGE CHRISTIAN BENECKE, the oldest of the On the abdication at Fontainbleau, he retired functionaries of the University. For forty-two into Switzerland; but on the return of the Em- years he filled the chair of the ancient Germak peror, in 1815, came back, and entered Paris on languages and literatures; and he was chief Cor the same day as his brother. After the battle of servator of the University Library, to which be Waterloo, he went to reside in America. In 1817, had been attached for sixty-one years. He was the State of New Jersey, and in 1825, that of New the last of the pupils of the philologist Heyde, York, authorized him to hold lands without be and formed, himself, some of the distinguished coming an American citizen. In 1832, he left scholars of Germany. He is the author of many America for England, where he resided for sev. | works which have attained celebrity.- Athereu.





431 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL NOTICES. they used to untie a knot when they undressed.

Until they attained their majority, they wore their Great Britain.

bair gathered up in two bunches on the top of A History of China, from the Earliest Records to the head. At sixteen they assumed the cap. the Treaty with Great Brituin in 1842. By Both men and women anointed their hair, (which Thomas Thornton, Esq., Member of the Royal was black,) and had an ivory comb at their side. Asiatic Society. In two volumes. Vol. i. pp. It is well known that the practice of shaving the 560, with a Map. London: Wm. H, Allen & head was introduced into China by the Manchoo

Tartars in the 17th century. Mr. Thornton, the author of an elaborate His

The walls of the houses were of earth. The tory of India, and other works connected with soil was beaten hard, and upon the beaten founthe East, some years since formed the design of dation of the intended wall was placed a frame writing a systematic history of the Chinese em- of four planks, two of which corresponded to the pire, a work which he considered much wanted two faces of the wall, which was dressed by a In point of fact, part of this history was printed plumb-line; the frame was filled up with moistso far back as 1835; but the design was suspend- ened earth, which was rammed down with wooded from the frequent announcement of original en clubs. The beams were of bamboo, fir, or works on China which appeared about that time. cypress. The frames of the doors were of wood. Mr. Thornton, however, concludes that none of The poor built themselves cabins of miserable those which have appeared have materially in planks. In winter they commonly stopped the terfered with his design, or at all fulfilled his pur-door with mud, to keep out the cold. In the 14th pose, which was, to give a “narrative, written in century before Christ, the inhabitants of Western a plain and perspicuous style, of principal events, China had no houses, but dwelt in caverns or deduced from the Chinese annals and synchron- grottos. ical authorities, relieved, as much as possible,

Cities were enclosed with an earthen wall, and from matter that might impede or offend the gen- a ditch, from whence the earth had been taken eral reader, without sacrificing any information for the wall. essential to the Oriental student." He, therefore,

One of the principal resources for subsistence resumed his labors, the first half of which lie be? I was hunting, in which bows and arrows were em. fore us, in an account of the origin of the Chinese ployed. The bow. was made of carved wood, nation, the physical geography of China, and adorned with silk; it was kept in a leathern case. Chinese chronology, with its Ancient History The game consisted of wild fowl, wild boars, down to the Tein, or seventh dynasty. The vol-wolves, foxes, deer, and wild cattle or buffaloes. ume concludes with an account of the Introduc- Dogs were employed in the chase. The great tion of Buddhism. We fear that Mr. Thornton bunting parties of the chiefs and grandees rehas cast his work on too broad a scale to be able sembled those of modern Asiatic princes : large to complete it satisfactorily in another volume. spaces of forest were enclosed, and the g?me was From some interesting notes on the ancient man forced together by setting fire to the grass. Anners of the Chinese we select the following speci- by line, but most commonly with nets made of

other resource was fishing, which was performed Officers of state had six kinds of dresses, for fine split bamboo. the differer.t seasons of the year; the princes had

Cultivation of the soil, by means of irrigation, seven. At the court of Wan-Wang (in Shen-se) was carried on in the vast plain wbich forms the the officers wore woollen dresses embroidered lower valley of the Yellow River, from Lung-mun with silk. In some couris, the upper garments in Shan-se, to the Gulf of Pib-chih-le. Each porwere adorned with fur and leopard skin. A king tion of land assigned to a family was surrounded of T'bsin wore a dress of foxes' skins. Generally with a trench of water, which communicated with speaking, the princes' babits were embroidered canals from the river. Till the Chow dynasty, with silk. Red was the color adopted by the beyond this large valley, to the west and east Chows as the court color. The officers of the especially, were vast tracts of forest. Herds and court wore a red collar to their robe. The focks are mentioned as constituting the wealth of prince's cap was of skin, adorned with precious the powerful families. The grains referred to in Stones; the officers wore, in summer, a hat braid- the Sheking are rice, wheat, barley, buck-wheat, ed with straw; in winter, a cap of black cloth. and two kinds of millet. The plough is enumerThe agricultural laborers had straw hats tied with ated amongst agricultural instruments, with its ribbons. Beyond the court, the dresses worn share ; the hoe or spade, and the scythe or sickle. were of various colors, except red; the caps were Weeding is recommended, and the burning of the of black skin; the girdles of silk, fastened by weeds in heaps, “in honor of the genii who prea clasp, and wealthy people attached precious side over the crops,” the ashes manuring the soil

. stones to them. Princes of the blood wore red After two crops the ground was suffered to lie shoes, embroidered with gold. In general, the fallow for a year. A plant was cultivated which summer shoes were of hempen cloth, and the yielded a blue color, and others from which a yel. winter of leather.

The women of the middle low and a red dye were extracted. class wore undyed dresses, and a veil or cap of a

Bread was prepared in the same manner as at grayish color. The princes and dignitaries wore the present day. Meat was broiled on the coals, pendants in the ear. "A lady was spoken of who or roasted with a spit, or boiled in pots. Amongst had not only precious stones set in her ear-drops, the common people, pigs and dogs were kept but thin plates of gold in her hair. The toilette for food. According to the Chow-le, the Le-ke, of the Chinese belles had a mirror made of metal. and Mencius, the practice of eating dogs' flesh The ladies of rank plaited or frizzed their bair on was general. Beef and mutton were served only each side of the head. The children of the rich on the tables of the chiefs and dignitaries, who wore in their girdle an ivory needle, with which kept herds and flocks.

Wine was ordinarily


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From the North British Review.

HARRIS'S HIGHLANDS OF ETHIOPIA. bay in April, 1841. Including the savans

it consisted of ten persons, was attended

by a small escort of British soldiers, besides The Highlands of Ethiopia. By Major some artisans and servants, and was amply

W. Cornwallis Harris, of the Hon. East supplied with the stores necessary for con. India Company's Engineers. Author of ciliating, by gifts or bribes, the chiefs of “Wild Sports in Southern Africa,” the barbarous countries through which it “ Portraits of African Game Animals," was to pass. . Every security seems to have &c. In three volumes. London : Long- been taken for the attainment of its objects. man and Co. 1844.

And, accordingly, if we may believe Major These volumes contain an account of Harris, the embassy was successful. A Major Harris's journey to the Christian commercial convention was in due time court of Shoa, in Abyssinia, and of what he concluded between Great Britain and Shoa. learned regarding that court and kingdom It consisted of sixteen articles. They are during a residence of eighteen months. not published in these volumes, but Major He went thither as the chief of an embassy Harris rells us that “they involved the to the Negoos, or King of Shoa, from the sacrifice of arbitrary appropriation by the British Government; having been chosen Crown of the property of foreigners dying by the Governor-General of India, who had in the country—the abrogation of the descharge of the affair, in consequence of pre- potic interdiction which had, from time vious experience of his talents and general immemorial, precluded the purchase, or acquirements. The object of the mission display of goods by the subject, and the was to establish relations of alliance and removal of penal restrictions upon voluncommercial intercourse between the two tary movement within and beyond the governments and their subjects, and there- kingdom ;" which restrictions, it seems, by to promote the extinction of the slave are a modification of an old national rule, trade, the diffusion of legitimate traffic, and not to permit a stranger who had once enthe increase of geographical and general tered Abyssinia ever to depart from it. knowledge.

These are certainly great improvements in The Embassy was despatched from Bom- the laws of the Shoan kingdom; and if the DECEMBER, 1844. 28

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convention shall lead to the actual entrance friendship, their country has been almost
of British traders and British manufacturers altogether concealed from view, or has
among the Shoan people, it will as greatly been seen only, as it were, by glimpses,
ameliorate their condition. Major Harris and when placed at disadų antage. Any
does not say what provision was made for the tolerable description of it must therefore
creation of such actual intercourse between possess a very peculiar interest, bringing
the people of the two governments. The before us, as it does, a people who at once
Shoan country is a tempting field for com- excite the curiosity awakened by utter
merce; but its frontiers are between three strangers, impress us with the reverence
and four hundred miles distant from the west- due to historical antiquity, and move in
ern coast of the Red Sea. The route lies us the sympathies of brotherhood in reli-
through a country difficult to traverse from gion.
its physical peculiarities, and dangerous It is difficult to imagine a more attractive
from the habits and prejudices of its inhab- subject for a book. But the volumes be-
itants. A sase transit must be secured to fore us, though in some respects highly
the trader. Perhaps this was the subject interesting, are on the whole very

unsatisof one of the sixteen articles of the con- factory. Their chief defect is a want of vention. We should have been glad of precise information. The proceedings of some information on this point; for one of the embassy are not detailed distinctly, or the first questions which these volumes with that specification of names, time, place

, suggest, regards the practical utility of and circumstances, by which ordinary jourhaving a treaty of commerce with the ruler nalists give life and authenticity to their of an inland territory accessible only narrations. Of the individuals attending through countries so little friendly to the it, we learn from a list, that Captain D. traders for whose protection the convention Graham was principal assistant, Messrs. is designed. But to this, and some other Kirk and Impey, surgeons, Dr. Roth, natuinquiries of equal interest, they give no ralist, &c. But they scarcely appear in satisfactory answer.

the narrative; and neither from it, nor The objects of the Embassy, and its from the vague compliment in the preface, measures, are not, however, the topics could any reader have the least notion of to which we mean to devote this paper. the great services to the embassy rendered Our design is to extract such information by the Rev. Mr. Krapf. A similar obscu. as we can condense within a limited space, rity besets many other topics, and makes respecting the people and country visited the information regarding them most difiby Major Harris.

On these subjects, his cult of apprehension. One main cause of volumes, and the recent journals of the this is the style of the author, which will English Church Missionaries, Messrs. Isen- direct words. In the preface, he tells us, berg and Krapf, afford us much interesting never let him tell his story in plain and and curious information, and give the first that, “written in the heart of Abyssinia

, minute account, by modern eye-witnesses, amidst manifold interruptions and disadof the southern provinces of the ancient vantages, these pages will be found redolent empire of Abyssinia. Neither Bruce the of no midnight oil." Accordingly, we traveller, oor Gobat the missionary, who expected to find an artless, unlabored, and penetrated farther than any other modern rather rude and blunt narration, betokening visitors, reached the limits of Shoa. Hence an intelligent yet unrhetorical and practical the work of Major Harris opens up what soldier. To our surprise, and disappointis, to British readers in general, an entirely ment, we found one directly the reverse, new country, and depicts a people which, artificial and rhetorical in an unusual deif it cannot be termed new, is only on that gree, as if the author's chief thought had account inore interesting. Its monarchs been how to be impressive—to place obclaim to be descendants of King Solomon jects and incidents in the most picturesque and the Queen of Sheba. They are the positions, and clothe them in the most undoubted successors of those Christian sonorous diction. Of a work of travels, Emperors of Ethiopia, who, in the earlier the style is an inferior quality. Nor should centuries, entered into alliances with the we have made any complaint, if the fault Emperors of Rome, and who, in the six- had been on the side of poverty; but, in teenth century, renewed, through the Por- the opposite fault, there is conveyed one of tuguese, a friendly intercourse with Chris- those claims to literary merit, which we, as tian Europe. Since the rupture of that critics, are bound either to allow or reject.

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