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ward through the county of Durham, leaving As I came along, the blue hills of Westbehind me the mining district, and passing, moreland, which Wordsworth has made the through a land of rich verdure on the banks of most poetical of the English counties, invited the Tees. At Bishop-Auckland I strolled me westward, and now I am in Penrith, a through the noble park which surrounds the town clean and neat. Here I am, with fine episcopal residence. There is a piece of bad weather and blue mountains around me, wishtaste, however, in the middle of it: a structure ing that you were with me, dear Frühling. I somewhat in the church style, surrounded with am busy in the inn studying a "Guide to the stalls for deer. At a distance, it may call up Lakes, and making out for myself a little the idea of worship; but as you approach it, map (not mathematically correct you may you find it a sham, with no reasonable motive. guess,) as I can always remember what I
Along the green and beautiful banks of the have done better than what I have merely seen. Tees, 1 journeyed to Barnard castle, where the And now health and peace to you all in river rolls, a brown rapid flood, between lolty Dresden and thereabouts: and believe me, the rocks and thick woods.
thought that will give a charm to my solitary The whole appearance of the country in this rambles through ihis country is, that I shall, neighborhood is indescribably charming. There some day, meet you again in Bambergh or in is a freshness and variety that I can hardly " friendly Mannheim," as Goethe calls it. find in the scenery of the greater part of Ger- Adieu !
Oswald HERBST. many. Though I will not hear a word detracied from the praises of the Rhine, still, I B1-Monthly INTERCOURSE BETWEEN ENGLAND must confess, that there are beauties in the and India - A bi-monthly overland intercourse courses of these less-famed English rivers, between this country and India has been finally which you will hardly discover in our own arranged, and is to come into operation in January noble river, or in the more majestic Danube. next. The East India Company are to continue Shall I mention a few of the leading traits in the conveyance of one mail a month hence to these beauties? See the banks of the almost Bombay, from whence it will be distributed over perpetual green! and mark the variety of the several presidencies. The second mail will trees! the oaks, the beeches, the limes, the be conveyed from Southampton to Madras and chestnuts, the elders, the ashes ! Now we Calcutta, dropping Bombay letters, &c., at Ceylon, come to an open spot. See that green pasture, thence via Penang, Malacca, and Singapore, to
and also a mail which is to be transmitted from daisy-sprinkled, with two or three ancient China. For this Satter service, which includes hawthorns in the middle covered with snowy both the Calcutta and China lines, the Peninsular blossoms; symbols of old age reposing in the and Oriental Company have obtained a contract sunshine or' a good conscience, How very for £160,000 per annum ; of which sum the East comfortable are those sleek cows (all evidently India Company contribute £70,000, or, what is pels) standing dewlap-deep in the clear streani! much the same, give £20,000 a year, and relinA little further on, we find a village, with its quish the annual grant of £50,000 voted by Parold church and churchyard full of white tomb Tiament for the promotion of steam-navigation in stones; the parsonage and its garden, the India. In order to be in a situation to undertake white-washed cottages, and the village green. the line from Suez to Calcutta at the time speciWe pass by a few more turns of the river, and fied, the Peninsular and Oriental Company in. behold the lordly, old, gray castle, with its an- tend despatching immediately the Precursor, of cient woods and spacious park. More of lovely 1,800 tons, and 520 horse-power, to be followed and interesting variety might be found, surely, by the Lady Mury Wood, 'of 650 tons, and 250 in this country than among the mountains of horse-power, as soon as she can be prepared for Switzerland. 'I can well imagine, as Garve vessel, of 1,800 tons, and 520 horse-power; and
voyage. They also propose building an iron says in his essay on mountain scenery, that for the China line, three vessels of 1,000 tons and the first view of Mont Blanc, rosy with morn- 400 borse-power each, which will probably run ing or evening light, while ihe valleys lie in between Bombay and Hong-Kong, touching at darkness all around, must be striking and im- some ports on the Malabar coast, and taking up pressive ; but come, build your cottage and the China mails at Ceylon. Till these vessels live in sight of the mountain: then you will are ready, the China mail will probably be con: see if such scenery will last for a life-time, as reyed by her Majesty's steamers, and by vessels well as this of a humbler character, where, by in the service of the East India Company, The following the windings of a river, or crossing overland communication is likely to be further over hills of moderate altitudes, you may, every improved, as regards the intercourse through day, meet with some sweet surprise in the dis- Egypt, which engaged the attention of Sir Henry covery of some sequestered beauty. I should Hardinge during his brief sojourn in that country. already say that, in the proportion of various Mr. J. A. Galloway, the civil engineer, says that scenery to the extent of the country, England tion of a railway from Cairo to Suez at his own
Mehemet Ali is ready to undertake the construcexcels Germany, and, indeed, every country on the Continent of which I know any thing. pay a specified sum for the conveyance of their
expense, provided the British government will And, as yet, I have seen nothing of the south. mails ; and that if it be completed, the transit of I know nothing of the rich plains in the mid-pussengers, baggage, &c., between these points
, land counties-nothing of the gently-swelling which now occupies on an av hills of Kent and Surrey-nothing of the rich heavy expense, will be accomplished in four valleys and bold hills of Devonshire.
hours, at a tribing cost.—Asiatic Journal,
age 24 hours, at a
DR. DURBIN'S OBSERVATIONS IN EUROPE. / stringert, especially in the conquered nations ;
but the poor soul was forced to it; and when From the Spectator.
he returned from Elba, he was going to govern Dr. Durbin is a Wesleyan minister, and the quite constitutionally. The Ethiop had not President of Dickenson College in the United changed his skin, but he would have done it; States. He has travelled, with what particular
we have the Professor's word for that. The object does not appear, over Great Britain, the tone of all this part is Dr. Durbin's, but the European Continent, Greece, Egypt, Arabia, matter is old and pretty nigh obsolete-drawn Palestine, and Asia Minor. The present ac
from Whiggery of five-and-twenty years old, count of his travels only embraces a journey and Voices froin St. Helena, through part of France and Italy, ria Havre, The discussions on England relate to reli. Paris, Lyons, Chambery, and Geneva; a Swiss gion, chiefly among the Wesleyans, and to the tour in search of the picturesque; a descent of political or social condition of the people. the Rhine, with a visit 10 Waterloo; and a The account of the religious world, so far as railway run from London, by Birmingham Dr. Durbin saw it, is succinct and informing; and Manchester, to Sheffield, which was follows though his bias for the Voluntary principle, and ed by a more ramified journey through Scot- the overturning of all churches opposed to that land and Ireland. Greece, Egypt, and the view; (which scarcely seems a sequence of the Holy Land, are to appear upon come future Voluniary principle,) is plumply if not needoccasion.
lessly put forth. He iraces the evils of the The character of the work is correctly con. social condition of England to the aristocracy veyed by its title. Remark or disquisition and the law of primogeniture, and mainly founded on "observations," predominates over looks to a more equal division of land for their narrative and description. The topics that removal. The moral results of primogeniture employ Dr. DURBIN are various, solid, and im- for good or evil, are fair matter of argument, poriant in themselves, though not always ap- though not so easily settled as the Doctor sup propriate to a divine, or well adapted io his poses: the economical consequences, which, in handling, at least according to English ideas. an earlier stage of society, might follow from In Paris ihe author investigates morals and re- an equal division of property, are also a moot ligion with considerable sense, fairness, and point: but the idea of inaking an old society
He then takes up Louis Philippe; such as ours richer by redistributing its wealth, censuring the art by which poor old La Fay shows that the President of Dickenson College ETTE, with his “throne surrounded by Repub- has not yet conquered the whole range of lican institutions," was duped, and ihe man- human knowledge. His position that Great ner in which the King's government is carried Britain will henceforth have 10 rely upon her on, and making some just remarks in a compa. Colonies, mainly, for her foreign trade, and rison between French and English Jiberty. that we should encourage a large annual emiThe journey to Italy affords opportunity for gration, is sounder. some observations on the agriculiure of France, Although observations, such as we have indiGeneva and Switzerland, for various re- caled, give the distinctive character to the marks on politics and religion; but as the facts work, there is still a great deal of narrative. were only gathered en route, they are not very Some of this, though interesting to Americans, remarkable. The Rhine and Holland is little is commonplace to European readers, because more than the narrative of a rapid journey; it merely consists of an account of public but at Waterloo the President and Doctor of places, substantially, the matter of a guideDivinity shows off in that peculiar style which book, or of things with which one is familiar the reader may imagine by superadding the either in reality or in description: and as Dr. self-satisfied sufficiency of an American Demo- Dorein scrupulously avoids any personal crat 10 the infallibility of an anti-State Church sketches or accounts of private society, the divine. He gives an account of the battle, principal source of attraction in his narrative and sets all right. “Even at this time," sonié is the interest which the remarks of an observtime between five and seven, “ notwithstand- ing stranger always possess. The narrative ing the addition of Bulow's corps of thirty parts, however, are not irite; for Dr. DURBIN thousand men to the Allied Army, it appears is rapid, and has the art of rejecting all comclear that Napoleon would have gained the mon accounts of every-day occurrences. battle”—but that he lost it. Waterloo, how It is in these narrative parts that Dr. DURBIN ever, is not the only subject Dr. DURBIN settles. is seen to the best advantage; because the In gratitude to “Heaven, that made him with faults of his character are naiional or profesbuch large discourse,” he looks " before and sional, not individual. Between man and man after;" beginning with the French Revolution his opinions are fair and candid; as indeed and ending with the Holy Alliance, the present they are generally where Democracy or time, and a slight infusion of prophecy. The State Church does not enter into the question. intermediate parts are the rule of NAPOLEON, Even on religious topics, and on such a form and the consequences of Waterloo-which the of religion as Popery, which he denouncesDoctor pronounces mischievous to the best in- and, we think, on the true ground of its tenterests of mankind. He does indeed admit dency to subvert all freedom of thought-he that the rule of NAPOLEON was somewhat can form an unprejudiced judgment, and even
NOVEMBER, 1844. 23
a hearty approval of its merits, when he is nearest group, and hardly ever spoke except to carried into Alpine solitudes. Hear the Wes- cry, 'Hear, hear !' when some especially good leyan Doctor on the monks of St. Bernard and thing was saying.
“ There is one feature in which these parties “We found the monks pleasant and agreea- differed from any we have in similar circles at ble men. After a very comfortable meal and home, and which recalled to my mind my earan hour's chat by the fire, we were shown to liest visits to New York, Philadelphia, and our chambers, and slept well, after a fatiguing Baltimore, when sparkling wines graced the day, on the good clean beds of the convent. table and circulated freely even among MethoNext morning we rose early, in time to attend dist preachers. So it is still in England. It mass in the chapel. Within, the tones of the sometimes required a little nerve to decline organ were sounding sweeily, while without, the request of the lady whose guest you were, the wind was howling over the snow-clad 10' have the pleasure of a glass of wine with mountains as it does on the wild December you,' especially when, according to usage, nights at home. How beautiful it was—the you should have made the request of her. worship of God on this dreary mountain-top! Asier the ladies retire, the cloth is removed, I felt its beauty, as I listened to those deep and the wine moves round the table freely. I organ-tones, and heard the solemn chant of the do not recollect ever to have preached a serpriests in the mass; and I honored in my mon in England, without being offered a glass heart these holy men, who devote themselves of wine asterward in the vestry. Wine was to this monotonous and self-denying lise in frequently distributed in Conference during its order to do good, in the spirit of their Master, active session. The Temperance movement to the bodies and souls of men. Nor did I has not taken hold of our brethren in England; honor them the less that they were Romanists and they see wine-drinking, not as we do now, and monks of St. Augustine; for well I knew but as we did twenty years ago." that for a thousand years Romanists and monks of St. Augustine had done the good deeds that ENGLISH STAGE-COACHES AND LANDSCAPES. they were doing—and that when none else could do them. I man must be blinded indeed
“At Darlington, for the first time, we emby prejudice or bigotry, that cannot see the barked in an English stage-coach. All that I monuments of Catholic virtue and the evi- had read of the superiority of English ronds, dences of Catholic piety in every country in coaches, and cattle, was fully realized. The Europe ; and worse than blind must he be that coach is a neat affair, not by any means built will not acknowledge and honor them when he on scientific principles, for the centre of gravity does see them.'
is alarmingly high"; but yet, such is the excelIt will be seen by the following that Dr. lence of the roads and the skill of the drivers, Durbin is a “Teetotaller,” and was unpre
that this is a matter of no account.
“ The inside of the coach was fully taken up, pared for the “friendly bowl" he found ming ling with “the seast of reason and the flow of so that we had to take our places outside: no soul” amongst
loss, however, as it afforded us an opportunity of seeing one of the finest districts in England.
There is no rural scenery in the world like that SERIOUS SOCIETY IN ENGLAND.
of England. The fields, as we passed, were Although, in general, there is more cere- ripening for the barvest, and groaning under mony in society than is usual with us, it never the precious grain; the pastures, with the becomes troublesome, and, being in keeping same deep, luxuriant growth that I have bewith the usages of society generally, is not out fore noticed, were covered with herds of the of place. Precedence in age or office is rigidly finest cattle; and now and then appeared one observed. Office claims more respect than of the noble mansions of England imbosomed age; the President and Secretary of the Con- in its magnificent park. Well may an Engference being as commonly addressed by their lishman be proud of his native isle when he titles as the Bishops among us. Young per- travels through her unrivalled agricultural Bons are less obtrusive and more attentive than districts." in America.
“Breakfast-parties at ten o'clock are very common, and afford opportunities of less ceremonious and more agreeable intercourse than at dinner; the ladies remaining all the while
Suez.-We are assured that a treaty, the origin in the room. Those which I attended con
of which may be referred to 1840, is on the eve cluded with prayer by some aged minister, and of being concluded, by which England will obtain with (what I had thought antiquated) 'sub- possession of the port of Suez, free passage from scribing names in the ladies' albums. The importance in Egypt and Syria. This
Alexandria to that port, and other advantages of tone of conversation was generally lively and which France is said to be no party, is guaranpleasant; the dinner-talk being varied by dis- teed by Russia, Austria, and Prussia. We know cussions on political, religious, and social not by what intrigue the King of the French has topics-not often heavy, and always good- been prevented from participating in it, but have humored. The junior members of the com- reason to believe that England has had nothing papy would listen to the conversation of the to do with her exclusion.-Morning Herald.
BY MRS. POSTANS.
From the Asiatic Journal.
THE MERIA GROVE; A TALE OF me! Again has the priest of Ruttibarri SACRIFICE.
left in my hand the sword of war, nor sought to lay it with those of her warriors on yonder pile. In silence will I no longer bear this scorn; but now I ask why I, of
all my tribe, am alone denied the rights of It was a deep grove in the Alpine region vengeance? Why sacrifice you to the war of Orissa. The roots of the aged trees god, and yet forbid that I, your patriarch's were so thickly knit together, that they son, should go forth to battle with my rendered the pathway rough and difficult tribe? Say you not that from my youth I to tread, while their branches, which had have been favored by the gods; that not never been touched by woodman's axe, alone the god of arms, but even the great grew in such grotesque forms, that the fan- goddess Komeswari (Kali), of whom men ciful and timid Hindoo of the lower coun- speak not but with fear, bestows her choicest try might well be pardoned for the fear that gifts upon me, so that my very presence seized upon him, as, in the still moonlight, blesses every house I enter ? Am I not the he hurried forwards to the open plain by a only son of your abbaya (patriarch), and route more circuitous, indeed, but less ter- do not my companions love me as their rible to his imagination, than this grove of brother ? 'And yet now—now, on the eve the Loha Pennee (god of arms).
of battle, you again deny me a warrior's At the time of which I write, however, right. But as I live, even by the sacred a youthful band of warriors were grouped name of Loha Pennee, whom you now proabout the entrance to this grove, while be- pitiate, not a sword nor an arrow shall be neath the shade of a widely spreading lifted from yon pile until you swear that mango-tree a few aged men, among whom none but the chieftain Khourou shall lead were the priest and patriarch of the village his tribe to battle, or prove that one among of Ruttibarri, stood alone, as if engaged you has an arm stronger than his !” The in some religious sacrifice. Before them youthful speaker paused, looking sternly lay the symbol of the war god, fashioned around him for a reply, while his hand by the cunning worker in brass and iron, grasped more firmly the weapon which and sprinkled with the blood of sacrifice; from him alone the priest had not requira vessel filled with the juice of the palm- ed. So full of dauntless courage was his tree was in the hand of the priest, and as mien, so noble his words and action, that a he poured his libation on the ground, scat- stranger would have thought that, among tering grains of rice around the rude altar all that warrior band, none was so fitted as he did so, the elders besought the pre- for heroic deeds, and that his appeal would sence of their deity, and the power of his have found sympathy in soldiers' hearts : might, upon the arms of their young men. but it was not so. The priest silently Invoking, then, the power and favor of all the stretched forth his arms towards the speakwar gods of the neighboring mountains, the er, then raised them, as if in prayer. The priest seems suddenly possessed, as if by the young men seemed as if they heard him actual presence of Loha Pennee; he flings not, but glanced impatiently, first to the his arms wildly into the air, and with dishe-piled arms and then to the distant village, velled locks, and eyes flashing with the ex- while the abbaya alone, in a calm tone, recitement of phrenzied passion, springs to- plied: wards the entrance of the grove;
• My son,” he asked, “why urge thy remen receive him with shouts of joy, while quest at such a time as this?
Am not I an the priest, seizing the arms they bear, piles aged man, requiring the strong arm of them hastily together, sprinkling them with youth for my protection, and art thou not
But ere he had waved the so beloved among us, that, didst thou fall, cusa grass on high, or could inyoke again the wrath of the gods would surely descend the presence of the war gods; ere he could upon our houses ? Why, therefore distribute again the arms of the young men, "Hold, my father," called Khourou, with or wound with his sacrificial axe the tree impatience; "I can listen to this no longnearest to the hostile village, doomed to er. Twice have I weakly yielded to argutheir attack, a warrior sprung from the ments so unfit for you to urge or for me to group, and, with impassioned gestures, hear; again have I been exposed to the instood before the priest.
sulting distinction of Loha Pennee's priest; “Brethren," he cried, " and elders, hear but I will endure the contumely no more."
The youth waved his sword above his head, tired; but that which most distinguished and placed himself between the warriors him, was an expression of pensive and high and their arms, with a front of bold de- intelligence, marking a character that had fiance; but ere he opened his lips, a gal- long made Dora Bissye the friend and comloping of horse was heard, and a party of|panion of the helpless, the scourge and terarmed men burst into the inclosure. ror of the cruel and unjust. And now, as
“Ilaste! haste !" they cried ; " the he listened to the words of his daughter, guards of the daughter of Dora Bissye, of and viewed with her the lovely landscape Goomsur, have been attacked by the peo-that nature spread before them—the foample of Daspallah ; they have made a despeing torrent ihat swept below his castlerate resistance, but are unable again to ral- walls, the towering ghauts of the rich disly; all our irregulars have fled, and the trict of Rodungiah, and the dark forests force is now too small to afford hope that which bounded the wide and lofty plateaux we can long sustain the fray; seize your of rock on every side—these features of the arms, then, and speed through the grove, grand and beautiful produced upon the or ere long the princess will be their cap- mind of the chief an influence which, tive."
though possessing more judgment, yet asKhourou sought not to hear more, but similated so much to that experienced by darting through the mounted band, he his daughter, that the look of the father threaded with speed the tangled path of and the daughter was so similar, that a the sacred grove, and gained the border of stranger might readily have guessed that the plain. The chieftain was alone; his between the Goomsur chieftain and his sword and bow his only arms, while the sole child a sympathy existed very unusual enemy, strong in number, surrounded the in the families of the East, and gentle as small party of Goomsur, who were falling were her counsels, they met, even in that before them. For a moment, the warrior blood-stained land, with ready acceptance paused; but, as he did so, a piercing shriek by the father she so loved and honored. rang upon his ear, and through an opening “My child," was his reply to the brief he noted the hand of their leader laid upon inquiry, "God is great, and it is impossithe closed litter of the hapless princess. ble for man to judge of what are his rightSpringing forward, Khourou loosed an ar- ful symbols. We see, indeed, around us row from his bow, that laid the Daspallah the forests, the mountains, rocks, and torat his feet, while, striking down all who op-rents, and we know the great spirit to have posed his way, he shouted loudly, as if io been their bountiful creator: but the unencourage those who followed. The war- educated and illiterate cannot see through riors of Daspallah, alarmed at their chief. / nature unto nature's cause, and thus we give tain's fall, and the expected rescue, fed them symbols, which they call gods; and over the plain in disorder, while Khourou, for each of nature's benefits and functions, ere the guards of Dora Bissye had returned, cause personifications of his bounty to belisted from her litter the beautiful daughter come ihe means of fixing the attention of of Goomsur's chief, and had enjoyed the men who must have a sensible object of first triumphs of conquest in the blush and adoration.” smile which played over her fair cheek, The girl gazed upon her father as he in a trembling effort to thank him for her spoke with an eye of kindling wonder and deliverance.
admiration, and then she laid her hand gently upon his robe, and as he turned upon the action, he saw that tears were
upon her cheek, and that her lip quivered “And is it not strange that, in such a with emotion. My child,” the chieftain land as this, which the gods bless so abun-anxiously inquired, “iell me what agitates dantly, man is not merciful!" As the fair thee thus? the matters of which I spoke daughter of the Goomsur chieftain thus in- grieve thee, perhaps, and are fitter for the quired, she turned a countenance beaming ear of learned priests than of gentle maidwith the softest expression, towards the ens; I am wrong so to agitate thy mind companion who stood beside her, gazing with things too deep and painful; yet so upon the magnificent landscape that stretch full of interest are they to me, that I am ed over the Alpine region of Orissa. He, wont to speak much of what have long whom the sweet Sidruja thus addressed, been subjects of deep thought.” “Ah, my was of a princely presence and richly al-father!" exclaimed Sidruja, now clinging