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patronize Mrs. Jameson's work, when she must | forsook his favorite Sydenham, and leased be aware that he had been specially appointed the house No. 10, Upper Seymour-street her mother's biographer. As the letter in
West. It was in this house that Mrs. question was perhaps the most extraordinary ever addressed by a gentleman to a lady, I en Campbell died. His next remove was to treated him to throw it into the fire; but he Middle Scotland Yard.
Here he gave a positively refused. Whether it was eventually large evening party, and then grew tired of sent or not, I never learned: if it was, Mrs his house. Milton's biographers pursue Combe cannot have forgotten it. He had af- their favorite poet through all his gardenterwards some communication with Mrs. houses, and tenements in London: I am Jameson, in consequence of which she aban- afraid it would be no easy task to follow doned her design.
Campbell through the long catalogue of I have heard Campbell say that a little girl his London lodgings, for the last fifteen of eleven would write better letters of their years of his life. I recollect him lodging kind than any half
dozen addressed by Mrs. at No. 42 Eaton-street; in StockbridgeSiddons to Mrs. Fitz-Hughes. The poet terrace, Pimlico; in Sussex Chambers, was introduced to the actress by Charles Duke-street, St. James ; at 18 Old CavenMoore, the brother of Sir John Moore. dish-street; in York Chambers, St. James
With the money which the publication street; and at 61 Lincoln's-Inn-Fields. In of a bad book brought him, Mr. Campbell November, 1840, he again set up house, set off for Algiers. He told on his return for the sake of a young niece, to whom be more stories than Tom Coryatt, and began has bequeathed the whole of his little proa series of papers upon his travels, for his perty. The house he chose was No. 8 old magazine, the New Monthly. These Victoria-square, and here he made his will. papers have since been collected into two The last time I saw Mr. Campbell was volumes, entitled, “ Letters from the in Regent-street, on the 26th of September South."
1843. He was dressed in a light blue tail His subsequent publications were a coat, with gilt buttons, an umbrella tucked “Life of Shakspeare," a poem called under his arm, his boots and trowsers all “The Pilgrim of Glencoe,” the very dregs dust and dirt, a perfect picture of mental and sediment of his dotage; “The Life and bodily imbecility. I never saw a look and Times of Petrarch,” concocted from in the street more estranged and vacant; Archdeacon Coxe's papers (a sorry per- not the vacancy of the man described by formance); and Frederick the Great and Dr. Young, “ whose thoughts were not of his Court and Times," a publication far this world,” but the listless gaze of one below any thing which Smollett's necessi- who had ceased to think at all. I could ties compelled him to put his name to, and not help contrasting to myself the poet's only to be equalled by the last exigencies present with his past appearance, as deof Elkanah Settle.
scribed by Byron in his Journal. “CampIn 1837, he published his poems, in one bell looks well, seems pleased, and dressed handsome octavo volume, with numerous to sprucery.
A blue coat becomes him, vignettes, engraved on steel, from designs so does his new wig. He really looks as by Turner ; but Campbell had no innate if Apollo had sent him a birth-day suit, or love for art, and his illustrated volume, a wedding garment, and was witty and when compared with the companion volume lively." This was in 1813, in Holland of Mr. Rogers, is but a distant imitation. House. He has drawn a picture of himMr. Rogers, it is true, had a bank at his self in the streets of Edinburgh, when the back, and Campbell had little more than " Pleasures of Hope was a new poem; “I Telford's legacy of 5001. to draw upon; have repeated these lines so often,” he says, but this will not account for the difference on the North Bridge, that the whole frawhich we are to attribute altogether to an ternity of coachmen know me by tongue as imperfect understanding of the beauties and I pass. To be sure, to a mind in sober, resources of art.
serious, street-walking humor, it must bear When Mr. Campbell accepted the edi- an appearance of lunacy, when one stamps torship of the New Monthly Magazine, he with the hurried pace and fervent shake of
the head, which strong, pithy poetry exLiterary Gazette, 220 June, 1844. Mr. Dyce's cites.” # letter is dated the 18th, three days after Campbell's death. After ten years of possessing his
Mr. Campbell died at Boulogne on the soul in peace-he might have waited a little longer.
* Lockhart's Life of Scott, i. 342.
15th of June, 1844, and on the 3rd of merit is due to the foundation of the LonJuly, was buried at Poets' Corner, about don University, I believe belongs by right one foot above the ground, and over against to Campbell : he was the founder, morethe monument to Shakspeare. I have over, of the Literary Union, an ill-regulated heard that he had a wish to be buried club which expired in the spring of the in the Abbey—a wish which he expressed present season, about a year before he died, at a time when - Unwilling to outlive the good that did it,” a deputation of the Glasgow Cemetery Company waited on the poor enfeebled like the Ipswich of Wolsey, as described poet to beg the favor of his body for their by Shakspeare. new cemetery. Who will say that Camp
It is well known that Campbell's own bell lived unhonored in his native city? favorite poem of all his composition was
Mr. Campbell was in stature small but his Gertrude. “I never like to see my well made. His eyes were very fine, and name before The Pleasures of Hope ; just such eyes as Lawrence took delight in why, I cannot tell you, unless it was that painting, when he drew that fine picture of when young I was always greeted among the poet which will preserve his looks to my friends as 'Mr. Campbell, author of The the latest posterity. His lips were thin, Pleasures of Hope.' Good morning to
a constant twitter-thin lips are you Mr. Campbell, author of The Pleasures bad in marble, and Chantrey refused to do of Hope.' When I got married, I was his bust because his lips would never look married as the author of The Pleasures of well. He was bald, I have heard him say, Hope ; and when I became a father, my when only twenty-four, and since that age son was the son of the author of the Pleahad almost always worn a wig.
sures of Hope." A kind of grim smile, illThere was a sprucery about almost every subdued, we are afraid, stole over our feathing he did. He would rule pencil lines tures, when standing beside the poet's grave, to write on, and complete a MS. more in we read the inscription on his cosfin :the manner of Davies of Hereford than
“ THOMAS CAMPBELL, LL.D. Tom Campbell. His wigs, in his palmy AUTHOR OF THE “PLEASURES OF Hope,' days, were true to the last curl of studious
Died June 15, 1844. perfection.
AGED 67.” He told a story with a great deal of hu- 'The poet's dislike occurred to our memory mor, and had much wit and art in setting there off an anecdote that in other telling had
ws no getting the better of the
thought. gone for nothing. The story of the mercantile traveller from Glasgow, was one of tion in The Pleasures of Hope unlike any
There is a vigor and swing of versificahis very best, and his proposing Napoleon's other . of Campbell's compositions, the health at a meeting of authors because Lochiel excepted : yet it, carries with it as he had murdered a bookseller (Palm), was Sir Walter Scott justly observes, many rich in the extreme. Campbell was very fond of forming clubs
marks of juvenile composition. The La
chiel has all the faults and all the defects of - he started a poets' club at his own table his former effort, and, as if aware of a want, at Sydenham, when Crabbe, Moore, and he sat down, when busy with Gertrude of Rogers were of the party. “We talked of Wyoming, to amend the poem. The four forming a poets' club," writes Campbell
, last lines originally ran : “and even set about electing the members, not by ballot, but viva voce. The scheme
“Shall victor exult or in death be laid low failed, I scarcely know how; but this I With his back to the field and his feet to the foe!
And leaving in battle no blot on his name, know, that, a week or so afterwards, I met Look proudly to Heav'n from the death-bed of with Perry, of the Morning Chronicle, who asked me how our poets' club was going A noble passage nobly conceived; but on.
I said, “I don't know-we have some hear how it runs as appended to the first difficulty in giving it a name; we thought edition of Gertrude of Wyoming: of calling ourselves The Bees. “Ah," said Perry, " that's a little different from
“Shall victor exult in the battle's acclaim, the common report, for they say you are to
Or look to yon Heav'n from the death-bed of
fame." be called The Wasps." I was so sting with this waspish report,, that I thought no The poet restored the original reading on more of the Poets' Club." Whatever the recommendation of Sir Walter Scott:
he had succeeded in squeezing the whole REMINISCENCES OF THE LATE KING spirit from out the passage.
OF SWEDEN. I remember remarking to Campbell, that there was a couplet in his Pleasures of Hope, BY A GERMAN OFFICER IN THE SWEDISH SERVICE. which I felt an indescribable pleasure in
From the New Mouthly Magazine. repeating aloud, and filling my ears with the music which it made ;
When I saw King Charles John for the first
time, he was in his sixty-fourth year; but, from “ And waft across the wave's tumultuous roar,
his glossy black hair, his fine figure, retaining The wolf's long howl from Oonalaskai's shore." all the vigor of his prime, and the vivacity
and agility of his movements, he might have “Yes,” he said, “I tell you where I got it passed for a hale man of fifty: His angular, -I found it in a poem called The Senti- marked, but extremely pleasing features, his mental Sailor published about the time of beautifully formed mouth, and his large, bril. Sterne's Sentimental Journey." I have lectual and, at the same time, amiable expres
lianteyes, composed a whole, the highly intelnever been able to meet with this poem.
sion of which was extremely fascinating. The Campbell deserves a good biography and gaze of his eagle eye, which fixed upon and a good monument. His own works want no penetrated any one who was conversing with recommendations, but his friends may do him, had such a spell, that I think it would much to perpetuate the memory of the man. I have been very difficult to tell the king to his Surely his letters deserve collection, and face an untruth, without confusion or trepidahis correspondence should not be suffered whose consciences might not be perfectly clear,
tion. I have seen courtiers and placemen, to perish from neglect. There is a sub- stand abashed and confounded, as if thunderscription on foot to erect a monument to struck, by that piercing look, which seemed to his memory in Poets' Corner. This is as read the inmost recesses of the heart. Bernait should be—but let it be something good. dotie appeared to be aware of this effect of We have more than enough of bad and in- his looks, and he is said to have formed beforedifferent in the Abbey already.
hand an unfavorable opinion of those who could not bear their scrutiny.
The expression of that searching eye changed with inconceivable rapidity. On my return to Stockholm, after a long journey, which I had performed, as the bearer of despatches on
matters of great importance, with such expeSOUTREY'S MONUMENT.—The Committee for dition that it was noticed as an extraordinary erecting the Monument to the memory of Mr. circumstance both in the German and French Southey, have altered their original plan. Instead of a Tablet with a Medallion, they now
I waited immediately upon the
newspapers, propose a Shrine, with a recumbent figure of king, and, being admitted to his presence, had The poet upon it, from a design by Mr. P. G. occasion to observe the expression of the kind Lough, of which a lithographed copy will be liest benevolence in his face suddenly changed sent to each subscriber; among whom are al- into the flashing look of indignation. He had ready to be found the late Earl of Lonsdale, Lord laid upon the table the despatches which I Kenyon, Lord Ashley, Lord Mahon, the Earl of had brought, and, while he carelessly sprinkLeven, Viscount Melville, the Bishop of London, led me from a bottle of eau de Cologne, as he the Bishop of Gloucester, the Bishop of Carlisle, frequently did, to take off the smell of tobacco Mr. Justice Coleridge, Mr. Justice Patteson, Mr. to which he had a strong aversion, he put variW. Wordsworth, Poet Laureate, Mr. S. Rogers, ous questions, lo which I gave satisfactory anthe late Mr. T. Campell, Professor Sedgwick,
&c. swers. At last, he inquired in what time I had -Athenæum.
performed the journey. When I mentioned the precise number of days and hours, his eyes, till then all kindness, all at once darted at me an annihilating look! “ Monsieur,” he thundered forth, " souvenez vous que c'est à moi
que vous parlez, et que je ne souffre pas les Lord Byron.-Among the objects intrusted to mauvaises plaisanteries." "I assured him most the care of the banker Caccia, who was declared respectfully that nothing was further from my a bankrupt last month (May), was a box contain intention than to take such a liberty; but it ing the MSS. of Lord Byron. The box, belong. ing to the Countess Guiccioli, to whom the great the truth of my statement confirmed by the
was not till he opened the letters, and found poet bequeathed his most precious souvenirs, was claimed on the 19th from the Syndic of the bank- date of them, that his good-humor returned. ruptcy by M. Micard, the attorney for the count
For the rest, there was nothing whatever in ess. Besides the MSS. of all the printed works his manner that tended to intimidate; on the of Lord Byron, there are a few unpublished poems contrary, he possessed in the highest degree the and critical notes written by himself in his own talent so useful to a sovereign, of saying to publications.-Revue de Paris.
every one what was most likely to be most
agreeable to him, and of so prepossessing by his become in heart and soul a Swede, and that, conversation all who approached him that ihey as might be expected of such a man, he prewent away delighted." of his extraordinary ferred the interest of the country which had power of persuasion, and the great effect of adopted him to that of the country in which he his personal appearance, I will give a remark- happened to be born. able instance. When on one occasion (I for The continental system, that fixed idea of get in what year) the Norwegian Storihing, the emperor, to which he sacrificed so much, which, as every body knows, is always in op- and by which he plunged into misery and position to the government, had again rejected estranged whole nations, who might otherwise all the propositions of the latter, and a formal have been and remained devoted to him-the breach was anticipated, the king, on receiving continental system was the rock upon which this intelligence, attended by a single aide-de-the good understanding hitherto kept up, apcamp, hastened to Christiana, where he arriv. parently at least, between these two extraored quite unexpectedly. He spoke the same dinary ‘men, suffered shipwreck. The introevening with some of the leading members, duction of the continental system required unwent the following day to the assembly, ha conditionally by Napoleon, would have been a rangued it, and in a short time produced such death-blow to the commerce of Sweden: the a change of sentiments that the ferment sub-Crown-Prince wrote to this effect to the emsided, order and tranquillity were restored, and peror; and when the latter persisted in his unthe measures proposed by the government, reasonable demand, flatly refused to comply. which were in reality fit and moderate, were I have myself had occasion to peruse great adopted.
part of this correspondence, which is stamped, This faculty of rendering himself beloved, on the part of Napoleon, with the character not by words alone, but by real kindness and of despotism and irritability; and on the part beneficence, contributed not a little to raise of the Crown-Prince, with that of a firm, dighim to the throne of Sweden. Other French nified resistance, or a bold, noble independence, marshals had acquired as high military repu- and a perfect consciousness of the duties which tation as Bernadotte, but by his longer resi- he owed to his new country. The emperor, dence at Anspach, and subsequently in Han- in his letters, calls the Crown-Prince a traitor, over, he had gained the character of a good, a rebel; and the latter replies that he should just, and clement governor, and, by his humane deserve those names, is, unmindful of his oath treatment of the Swedes taken prisoners by and his engagements, he should sacrifice the inhim near Lübeck, in the campaign of 1806, terests of Sweden to those of France. The that of a noble and generous enemy. In this conduct of Bernadotte on this occasion was as Swedish corps were several officers belonging prudent as that of Napoleon was impolitic. to the most influential families in Sweden, who, I have frequently heard it alleged as a fiscinated by the amiable disposition of the ground of reproach against the Crown-Prince marshal, and by the lively interest with which of Sweden, by Prussian officers more espehe inquired concerning the state of their coun- cially, but also by Swedish, that his conduct try, carried home with them a high idea of his during the campaign of 1813 was not frank and acute, comprehensive mind, and profound grat- straightforward-that he was not to be trusted itude for his favors. The influence of these that he let slip several opportunities of beatofficers and their families contributed not a lit- ing the French, and, on the other hand, seized tle to the election of the marshal as Crown- every occasion to spare them, and that, on this Prince of Sweden at the diet of Oerebro, in account, he led his own troops, the Swedes, into 1810.
action as little as possible. This imputation is The opinion which has prevailed that the not quite just. The Crown-Prince of Sweden object of the Swedes in electing a French could not have a real interest in sparing the marshal was to flatter Napoleon, who was then French, or, to speak more correcily, Napoall-powerful, is erroneous. The Swedes knew, leon: on the contrary, it was decidedly to his as well as every one who was at all acquaint- interest to annihilate him, for he knew his ed with the state of things at the French court, former commander too well not to be thoroughly that for a long time past the emperor could convinced, that if he should come off conqueror not endure Bernadotte, and that he was even in from the conflict for life and death, he would some respects afraid of him. Napoleon neither never forgive the conduct of Bernadotte, nor wished nor favored the election of the Prince forego his revenge. If he took the field against of Ponte Corvo as Crown-Prince of Sweden. his countrymen without ardor, nay, with a cer. He knew the characte: of this man, who had tain lukewarmness, or even repugnance, this, on several occasions openly and boldly oppos- in my opinion, rather redounds to his honor, ed him, and was but too well aware that Ber- and the more so as, from the very first, he comnadotte would never stoop to the subordinate municated his views to his allies, the Emperor and degrading part of a French prefect, to of Russia and the King of Prussia, and not which the emperor doomed his brothers and only advised them to drive the French out of relatives whom he invested with European Germany, but insisted that there could be no sovereignties. Experience showed that he question of peace with Napoleon while a single was not mistaken, for he soon received the French soldier remained on German ground. strongest proofs that his former marshal had It is true that he strove also lo persuade the
two sovereigns not to enter France, frankly | dined. He rarely visited the table of the declaring that, though he was ready to co- queen, who regularly dined with the gentlemen operate in the first-mentioned object with all his and ladies in attendance on her. In general, might, he would not contribute in any way to the king dined in company with only two or the occupation of France.
three men, courtiers of distinction, high officers About this period, he wrote several times, of state, scholars, foreigners, or other interestwith the knowledge of the monarchs of Russia ing persons, with whom he wished to converse. and Prussia, to Napoleon, earnestly exhorting He seldom went to the theatre, chiefly bec ise him to peace, strongly and clearly represent- he was not sufficiently conversant with the ing to him the impossibility of any long resist- Swedish language. The last hours of the day ance in his situation, and accurately predicting he spent either in writing, or in the family what must befall him if he would not lend a circle. hand to peace. As this advice proved fruit With pleasure and with just pride, the less, Bernadotte cheerfully and honestly assist thoughts of Charles John dwelt upon his earlier ed in clearing the German territory of the career, and be frequently spoke with fondness French. If, in so doing, he manifested no of the time when he held the very lowest milihatred, no personal enmity to them, this is tary ranks. “Lorsque j'étais sergeant," or, as natural as the animosity of the Prussians, “ À cette époque je venais d'être nommé who had great outrages io revenge; and I officier," — were expressions which I have often will take leave to add that these latter, per- heard him use. He had an astonishing memory haps, conceived themselves authorized to cen- for old comrades and acquaintance, and when sure with the more severity this coolness of I was first introduced to him, I had to give him the commander-in-chief, because they could all the information I could concerning a great not help recollecting that this was the same number of his old companions in arms. On general who, in 1806, had proved to them near many of them, who fell into distress, he conHalle that he was not deficient in energy. ferred substantial favors, but he adopted the
The rather remarkable supineness of the prudent resolution not to permit any of them Crown-Prince at Grossbeeren, where he placed io come to Sweden. On this point he has been his whole Swedish corps, with the exception of so consistent that he had about him but a single the artillery, which, under General Cardell, Frenchman, his foster-brother, General Camps, contributed materially to the victory, in the re- and that, as far as I know, none of his relations, serve, and would not suffer it to take part in who are people of good property, ever came to the engagement, proceeded from the motive Sweden. Had not the king adhered so firmly already touched upon-his reluctance, unsea- to this principle, a great number of French. sonably indulged, it is true, to permit bis own men, dissatisfied with the government of the troops to act against the French.
elder branch of the house of Bourbon, would “The point,” said he, “was to save Berlin. gradually have found their way to Sweden to It was but just that the Prussians should fight importune their former general with applicain first line for their capital, and that ihe tions for appointments, the granting of which Swedes should be there io afford assistance would have been mortifying to the Swedes. only in case of deseat. Thanks to my dispo Though the king, as I have already obsitions, to the ability with which they were served, generally lay long abed, he was attenexecuted by the Prussian generals, and to the tive to his health, rarely rode on horseback, enthusiasm and valor of their troops, that as carcely ever went a-hunting, and in general sistance was not necessary.”
exposed himself to as little fatigue as possible, These sentiments I have heard Charles John still he could upon occasion, in spite of his age, himself express more than once, if not in the endure more than even the younger of his atsame words, yet in others of precisely the same tendants liked to encounter. In great manæu. signification. After the batile of Leipzig, the vres, I have seen the king for several successive Crown-Prince separated from the allies, ope- days, passing eight or ten hours on horseback, rated with his army against the Danes, and and distinguished by his noble military bearsubsequently against the French in Belgium; ing, and the great simplicity of his dress, among and, adhering to his principle, halted his the brilliant uniforms of his numerous staff. Swedish corps on the French frontier, which His frequent journeys to Norway were often he wou not allow it to cross.
performed with the utmost celerity, in winter, Bernadotte's way of living was extremely in the most intense cold, and on roads which in simple. To his established habit of temper- that season are not always the best. ance, he owed the astonishing conservation of I shall here introduce one trait from Bernahis person and his robust health. Very often, dotte's lise, which does him great honor, and indeed generally, he passed great part of the attests as well his integrity as his powers of forenoon in bed, where, however, from eight persuasion, and the influence which he always o'clock, he gave audience and transacted busi- exercised upon those around him. At the ness. About two, he generally rode out in fine breaking out of the Revolution in 1789, Bernaweather, and frequently repaired to his favorite dotte had recently been appointed sergeant by retreat, the elegant little palace of Rosendal, his captain. This captain, a native of the built by himself
, in the park, and tastefully same province as himself, and who wished him fitted up and furnished, where he sometimes well, had often reproved him for his fondness