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Joseph BONAPARTE.-At Florence, aged 76, DEATH OF THE GRAND DUCHESS ALEXANDRA, Joseph Bonaparte, Count de Survilliers, the elder of Russia. It is our painful duty to announce brother of Napoleon, and formerly King of Naples the death of the yonihful Princess Alexandra and King of Spain.
Nicolaewna, fourth daughter of his Imperial MaHe was born in 1768, at Corte, in the island of jesty the Emperor of all the Russias, and Consort Corsica; and attended his brother in his first of the eldest son of the Landgrave of Hesse, the campaign of Italy in 1796. Having been ap- Prince Frederick, to whom her Imperial Highpointed a member of the legislative body, ness bas been married not quite a twelvemonth. distinguished for his moderation and good sense, It may be doubtless remembered that the departand gave proofs of generous firmness, when be ure of the Czar from our shores was considerably undertook to defend General Bonaparte, then in hastened by the alarming accounts received here Egypt, against the accusations of the Directory of the young Princess's declining health. Since Under the Consulate he was menıber of the Coun- that peried the disorder has gained such rapid cil of State, and one of the witnesses to the treaty ground that all hope of ultimate recovery had of Luneville. On the accession of Napoleon to been for some time abandoned. the empire, the crown of Lombardy was offered Her Imperial Highness was born on the 24th to, and refused by him. A few days after the of June, 1025, and was consequently only just battle of Austerlitz he assumed the command of turned nineteen. The accounts of the demise of the army destined to invade the kingdom of Na- the Grand Duchess, which came from St. Petersples, penetrated, without striking a blow, to Capua, burgh, reached the Russian Embassy in this capand, on the 15th of February, 1806, he made his ital on Thursday morning - Court Journal. entrance into Naples, of which kingdom the Emperor appointed bim Sovereign. The government of Joseph, as King of Naples, though short, was not sterile. In the space of less than two
We regret to announce the death of LADY ANNE years he drove the English from the kingdom, ELIZABETH Scott, eldest sister of his Grace the reorganized the army and navy, and completed Duke of Buccleuch. The melancholy event took many public works. In 1808 he proceeded to place on Tuesday morning, at Leamington Spa, occupy the throne of Spain; which he abandoned where her ladyship had been residing for some after the battle of Vittoria. On his return to time past for the benefit of her health, which had France be took the command of Paris, and, faith- long been in a declining state. The Duke and ful to the orders of the Emperor, he accompanied Duchess of Buccleuch left Montagu House on the Empress regent to Chartres, and subsequently Friday, for Leamington, in order to be in attento Blois, after the invasion of the Allies, and as
dance upon their noble relative. On their Graces sembled around her all the disposable troops. arriving at that place, her ladyship was found to After the abdication of Fontainebleau, Prince be in a very precarious state. The unfavorable Joseph Napoleon was obliged to withdraw to symptoms increased until an early hour on TuesSwitzerland. He returned to France in 1815, day; when death put a period to her ladyship's the same day the Emperor arrived at Paris. After sufferings. Lady Anne Scott was the eldest the battle of Waterloo he embarked for America, daughter of the late Duke of Buccleuch, having where his brother, whom he was never more to been born on the 17th of August, 1796. Her see, appointed to meet him. In 1817 the State of ladyship’s remains will be removed for interment New-Jersey, and in 1825 the legislature of the to Boughton, Northamptonshire. By the death State of New-York, authorized him to possess of her ladyship, several noble families are placed lands without becoming an American citizen.
in mourning, among whom may be mentioned The Count de SurviŪiers did not return to Eu- those of the Duke of Buccleuch, the Earl of Courrope until 1832. He then came to England, town, the Earl of Brownlow, the Earl of Romney, where he resided several years. A painful mal- the Dowager Marchioness of Bath, &c — Ibid. ady, which required a milder climate, obliged him to demand permission of the foreign powers to fix his residence at Florence, where he breathed his SAMUEL DRUMMOND, the head of a family long last. He was attended on his dying bed by his and indefatigably distinguished in the cultivation brothers, Louis and Jerome. There remain of the of the art of painting, and the author of numerEmperor's brothers but the two latter princes
ous works of very considerable merit, died at his Louis, formerly King of Holland, and Jerome, residence in Soho on the 6th, at the age of 79.formerly King of Westphalia. --- Gent's Mag. Lit. Gaz.
The Duke D'AngOCLEME.–At Goritz, in SELECT LIST OF RECENT PUBLICATIONS. Austria, aged 6%, Louis Antoine Duc d'AngouTème.
GREAT BRITAIN. He was born Aug. 6, 1775, the elder of the two sons of Charles Philippe Comte d'Artois, afterwards Charles X., by Siaria Theresa, daughter of of the Persecution. By the Rer. Robert
The Times of Clarerhouse, or sketches Victor III., King of Sardinia.
The youthful Dauphin, Louis XVII., having, Simpson. as it is tolerably well ascertained, perished in the The Psychologist; or, Whence is a knowldungeon wherein the ruffians of the revolutionary of the soul derivable ? A Poetical, Meta. government had immured him, and the Salique law prohibiting the descent of the crown to the physical and Theological Essay. By F. S. the Princess Royal of France, she was united on
Thomas. the 10th June, 1709, to the Duc d'Angoulême. Tour in Egypt, Arabia Petræa and the Louis XVIII. ascended the throne on the restora. Holy Land, in the Years 1841-2. By the tion of the Bourbon dynasty, in the year 1814 ; Rev. H. L. Measor. and dying without issue in 1824, the succession devolved upon the Comte d'Artois, who reigned
Biblical Criticism on the First Fourteen as Charles X. In 1820 he was placed at the head Historical Books of the Old Testament; of the army which made a demonstration, rather also, on the First Nine Prophetical than a campaign, in Spain. His exploits, how. Books. By S. Horsley, Lord Bishop of St. ever, were the subjects both of the French paint. Asaph, 2nd edition, containing Translaers and sculptors of that period.
The evenis of 1830 are too well known to re- tions by the Author, never before publishquire even a cursory notice. An unsuccessful ed. attempt was made on the third of the “great days The Ajax of Sophocles, with Notes of July," by M. Jacques Laffitte, and the leading Critical and Explanatory. By T. Mitchell. members of the newly-elected Chanıber of Deputies, to induce a withdrawal of the obnoxious or
Dr. Prichard's Physical History of Mandinances which had been issued by the ministry kind, Vol. 4. of the Prince de Polignac. The government hes My Churchyard, by a Pastor, 12 mo. 3s. itated, and when their misguided sovereign be- od. came willing to accede to the proposal of the deputies, M. Lafite declared that it was then too late.
Jerusalem the Centre and Joy of the Ultimately Charles X. signed an abdication at whole Earth. By W. Cresson. Rambouillet, and his son the Duc d'Angoulême Protestant Missions in Bengal illustrated. resigned his right of succession in favour of his By J. J. Weitbrecht, 2d edit. young nepbew, the Duc de Bordeaux, whose
Dr. Wordsworth’s Greek Grammar, father, the Duc de Berri, was assassinated in 1820.
edit. The Duc d'Angoulême seems to have been a harmless character, of no marked talent, and of no decided propensities. During the governinent of Charles X. he was content with doing what he was bid-at the revolution of 1830 he was content
Der Brief Pauli an die Römer, entwickwith doing nothing—and during the exile of his elt von Rasmus Nielson, Prof. in Kopenhouse he was content with being nothing: In hagen. Deutsche Bearbeitung von Alexprivate life he appears to have been an amiable ander Michelson, Pred. in Lübeck. When he perceived his death approaching, he
Origenis Opera omnia quæ Græce vel sent to the archives of the War Department at Latine tantum extant, Edid. C. H. E. ComParis an important work which he had got exe- matzsch, Tomus XVI. cuted during the Restoration, giving, in folio,
Leben des Feldmarschalls, Jackob Keith. plans, drawings, and full descriptions of all the fortified places in France, showing their
weak Von K A. Varnhagen von Esne. points, the best modes of attacking them, and the proper manner of defence.
The cause of his death was a cancer in the pylorus. On the 8th of June his funeral was celebrated in the cathedral of Goritz, and thence Histoire d'Angleterre, depuis les temps proceeded to the chapel of the Franciscan con- les plus reculés jusq' à nos jours, par M. M. vent, situated on a height at the west of the town. De Ronjoux et Alfred, et Mainguet
. NouThe Duc de Bordeaux followed the car on foot, velle édition augmenteé de plue d'un tiers. in a mourning cloak. Count de Montbel, Viscount de Champagny, and the Duke de Blacas,
Histoire Elementaire et Critique de la also in mourning cloaks, walked behind the Duke; | Littérature, par Lefranc. next came the French now at Goritz, the author Voyage dans l'Inde et dans le Golfe Perities, and the inhabitants. The body was placed sique, par l'Egypte et la mer Rouge. Par in the vault where the mortal remains of Charles V. Fontanier, Vice-Consul de France à X. rest.-Gent's. Mag.
Bassora. Prémière Partie.
mention of no eminent contemporary's
name called forth a sigh, or an anecdote, From Frazer's Magazine,
or a kind expression. He did not love the I wish to write about Thomas Campbell past—he lived for to-day and for to-morin the spirit of impartial friendship: I can- morrow, and fed on the pleasures of hope, not
say that I knew him long, or that I not the pleasures of memory. Spence, Bosknew him intimately. I have stood, when well, Hazlitt, or Henry Nelson Coleridge, a boy, between his knees; he has advised had made very little of his conversation ; me in my literary efforts, and lent me books. old Aubrey, or the author of Polly PeachI have met him in mixed societies—have am's jests, had made much more, but the supped with him in many of his very many portrait in their hands had only been true lodgings—have drunk punch of his own to the baser moments of his mind; we had brewing from his silver bowl-have min- lost the poet of Hope and Hohenlinden in gled much with those who kuew and under the coarse sketches of anecdote and narrastood him, and have been at all times a tire which they told and drew so truly. diligent inquirer, and, I trust, recorder of Thomas Campbell was born in Glasgow, much that came within my immediate on the 27th of July, 1777, the tenth and knowledge, about him. But let me not youngest child of his parents. His father raise expectation too highly. Mr. Camp-was a merchant in that city, and in his bell was not a communicative man; he sixty-seventh year when the poet (the son knew much, but was seldom in the mood of his second marriage) was born. He died, to tell what he knew. He preferred a smart as I have heard Campbell say, at the great saying, or a seasoned or seasonable story; age of ninety-two. His mother's maiden he trifled in his table-talk, and you might name was Mary Campbell. sound him about his contemporaries to very Mr. Campbell was entered a student of little purpose. Lead the conversation as the High School at Glasgow, on the 10th you liked, Campbell was sure to direct it of October, 1785. How long he remained in a different way. He had no arrow-flights there no one has told us. In his thirteenth of thought. You could seldom awaken a year he carried off a bursary from a comrecollection of the dead within him; the l petitor twice his age, and took a prize for
NOVEMBER, 1844. 19
a translation of The Clouds of Aristophanes, On quitting the Glasgow University, pronounced unique among college exer- Mr. Campbell accepted the situation of a cises. Two other poems of this period were tutor in a family setiled in Argyllshire. The Choice of Paris and The Dirge of Here he composed a copy of verses, Wallace.
printed among his poems on the roofless When Galt, in 1833, drew up his auto-abode of that sept of the Clan Campbell, biography, he inserted a short account of from which he sprung.
The Lines in Campbell. “Campbell," says Galt, “be- question are barren of promise-they flow gan his poetical career by an Ossianic freely, and abound in pretty similitudes ; poem, which his 'school-fellows published but there is more of the trim garden breeze by subscription, at two-pence a-piece ;' my in their composition, than the fine bracing old school-fellow, Dr. Colin Campbell, was air of Argyllshire. a subscriber. The first edition of The Pleasures of Hope was also by subscrip- situation of a tutor, but made his way to tion, to which I was a subscriber.” When Edinburgh in the winter of 1798. What this was shown to Campbell, by Mr. Ma- his expectations were in Edinburgh, no one crone, just before the publication of the has told us. He came with part of a poen book, the poet's bitterness knew no bounds. in his pocket, and acquiring the friendship “He's a dirty blackguard, sir," said Camp- of Dr. Robert Anderson, and the esteem bell; "and, sir, if Mr. Galt were in good of Dugald Stewart, he made bold to lay his health, I would challenge bim; I feel dis- poem and his expectations before them. posed to do so now, the blackguard.” | The poem in question was the first rough * What's to be done ?” said Macrone; draft of Pleasures of Hope. Stewart nod“the book is printed off, but I will cancel ded approbation, and Anderson was all rapit, if you like.” Here the heading of the ture and suggestion. The poet listened, chapter “ A Two-penny Effusion," attract- altered, and enlarged—lopped, pruned, and ed Campbell's attention, and his thin, rest- amended, till the poem grew much as we less lips quivered with rage. “Look here, now see it. The fourteen first lines were sir,” said Campbell, "look what the dirty the last that were written. We have this blackguard's done here!" and he pointed curious piece of literary information from to the words, "A Two-penny Effusion." a lady who knew Campbell well, esteemed Two cancels were then promised, and the him truly, and was herself esteemed by him soothed and irritated poet wrote with his in return. Anderson always urged the own hand the following short account of want of a good beginning, and when the his early efforts :-“Campbell began his poem was on its way to the printer, again poetical career by an Ossianic poem, which pressed the necessity of starting with a pic. was published by his school-tellows when ture complete in itself. Campbell all he was only thirteen. At fifteen he wrote along admitted the justice of the criticism, a poem on the Queen of France, which was but never could please himself with what published in the Glasgow Courier. . At he did. The last remark of Dr. Andereighteen, he printed his Elegy called Love son's roused the full swing of his genius and Madness; and at twenty-one, before within him, and he returned the next day the finishing of his twenty-second year, to the delighted doctor, with that fine comThe Pleasures of Hope."
The main toe dra not remain long in the humble
parison between the beauty of remote obBefore Campbell had recovered his usual jects in a landscape, and those ideal scenes serenity of mind, and before the ink in his of happiness which imaginative minds propen was well dry, who should enter the mise to themselves with all the certainty of shop of Messrs. Cochrane and Macrone, hope fulfilled. Anderson was more than but the poor offending author, Mr. Galt. pleased, and the new comparison was made The autobiographer was on his way home the opening of the new poem. from the Athenæum, and the poet of " Hope," on his way to the Literary Union.
“ At summer eve, when Heaven's ethereal bow They all but met. Campbell avoided an Why to yon mountain turns the musing eye,
Spans with bright arch the glittering hills below, interview, and made his exit from the shop Whose sunbright summit mingles with
the sky ? by a side door. When the story was told Why do those cliffs of shadowy tint appear to Galt, he enjoyed it heartily. Camp- More sweet than all the landscape smiling near? bell," said Gali, “ may write what he likes, And robes the mountain in its azure hue.
'Tis distance lends enchantment to the view, for I have no wish to offend a poet I ad-Thus, with delight we linger to survey mire; but I still adhere to the two-penny The promised joys of life's unmeasured way ; effusion as a true story."
Thus from afar, each dim-discovered scene
paper and print, and above all the cost of More pleasing seems than all the past hath been ; And every form that Fancy can repair
engravings, were defrayed by him—we may From dark oblivion, glows divinely there."
safely say, that he hazarded enough in giv
ing what he gave for that rare prize in the There is a kind of inexpressible pleasure lottery of literature, a remunerating poem. in the very task of copying the Claude-like We have no complaint to make against the scenery and repose of lines so lovely. publisher. Mundell behaved admirably
With Anderson's last imprimatur upon well, if what we have heard is true, that it, the poem was sent to press. The doctor the poet had fifty pounds of Mundell's free was looked upon at this time as a whole gift for every after edition of his poem. Wills' Coffee-house in himself; he moved Our wonder is, that Dr. Anderson and in the best Edinburgh circles, and his judg- Dugald Stewart allowed the poet to part ment was considered infallible. He talked, with the copyright of a poem of which they wherever he went, of his young friend, and spoke so highly, and prophesied its success, took delight, it is said, in contrasting the as we have seen, so truly. classical air of Campbell's verses with what I have never had the good fortune to fall he was pleased to call the clever, home-spun in with the first edition of the Pleasures of poetry of Burns. Nor was the volume al- Hope, but learn from the inagazines of the lowed to want any of the recommendations day, that several smaller poems, The which art could then lend it. Graham, a Wounded Hussar, The Harper, &c., were clever artist—the preceptor of Sir David appended to it. The price of the volume Wilkie, Sir William Allan, and John Bur- was six shillings, and the dedication to Dr. net-was called in, to design a series of Anderson, is dated "Edinburgh, April 13, illustrations to accompany the poem, so 1799.” that when The Pleasures of Hope appeared I have often heard it said, and in Campin May, 1799, it had every kind of arten- bell's life-time, that there was a very differdant bladder to give it a balloon-wast into ent copy of the Pleasures of Hope, in MS., public favor.
in the hands of Dr. Anderson's family, and All Edinburgh was alive to its reception, I once heard the question put to Campbell, and warm and hearty was its welcome. No who replied with a smile,“ Oh dear, no; Scotch poet, excepting Falconer, had pro- nothing of the kind.” The alterations duced a poem with the same structure of which the poem underwent by Anderson's versification before. There was no Sir advice, may have given rise to a belief that Walter Scott in those days; the poet of the poem was at first very unlike what we Marmion and the Lay was only known as now see it. a modest and not indifferent translator from It was said of Campbell, that by the time the German: Burns was in his grave, and
“ His hundred of grey hairs Scotland was without a poet. Campbell
Told six-and-forty years," became the Lion of Edinburgh. “The last time I saw you,” said an elderly lady he was unwilling to remember the early atto the poet one day, within our hearing, tentions of Dr. Anderson.
He certainly “ was in Edinburgh; you were then swag- cancelled or withdrew the dedication of his gering about with a Suwarrow jacket.” poem to Dr. Anderson, and this is the only “Yes,” said Campbell, “I was then a con- act of seeming unkindness to Dr. Andertemptible puppy." “ But that was thirty son's memory which we have heard adduced years ago, and more,” remarked the lady. against him. But no great stress is to be “ Whist, whist,” said Campbell, with an Taid on this little act of seeming forgetfuladmonitory finger, “it is unfair to reveal ness. He withdrew, in after-life, the dediboth our puppyism and our years.”
cation of Lochiel to Alison, whose Essay If the poet's friends were wise in giving on Taste, and early friendship for Campthe note of preparation to the public for bell, justified the honor; and omitted or the reception of a new poem, they were just withdrew the printed dedication of Geras unwise in allowing Campbell to part with trude of Wyoming, to the late Lord Holthe copyright of his poems to Mundell, the land. bookseller, for the small sum of twenty As soon as his poems had put money in guineas. Yet twenty guineas was a good his pocket, an early predilection for the deal to embark in the purchase of a poem German language, and a thirst for seeing by an untried poet : and when we reflect some of the continental universities, inthat Mundell had other risks to run—that duced him to visit Germany.