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The austerity of his nature made him the The mouse has been distinguished in a strictest of martinets. A poet happily de- civil as well as a military capacity. In the scribes him as
Record departments of most countries our A stoic of the hole, a mouse without a tear.
labors have been very considerable. We
feast upon old papers and parchments with His despatches (strange to relate !) have a true antiquarian gusto. Some of our nerer been published; but the original pa- family are supposed to have devoured the pers are in the Mouseum, and it is hoped lost decades of Livy, which, if true, proves that Colonel Gurwood, when he has leisure, our appetite for polite literature; but this, will undertake to edit them. They will indeed, requires but little confirmation when be found as much superior to those of the it is recollected that the very name of the Duke of Wellington, as a mouse is to a man. Movoui, or the Muses, indicates the estima- ·
The early history of Rome teems with tion in which we were held by the ancient proofs of our renown in arms. Witness the world for our intellectual and literary atexploits of Decius Mus. Some have sup- tainments. It is well known that Apollo posed that Decius was a man, not a mouse; derived his Asiatic name of Pulvtevs, or but even were this true, it would follow that the Mouse-killer, from his jealous hostility he was surnamed Mus, in compliment to his to our family; and there is good ground for warlike prowess. Certain it is that the Ro- believing that Marsyas, whom he persecuted mans had a particular kind of crown called so cruelly, was the direct lineal ancestor of mural, with which they were accustomed to the “Singing Mouse” who recently astonhonor distinguished soldiers, and that mu- ished and delighted London. ral is derived from mus, muris, is too obvi But to relurn to our public functions ; ous to require a word in support of it. How that we have had a decided turn for the long we flourished in Rome is not very cer- church appears from the fact that the churchtain, but our destruction was in all likeli- mouse is a recognised order amongst us, hood the great object of the Catiline con- and it is our just pride that we alone have spiracy. Some writers suppose that, driven preserved the genuine character of the infrom Italy at or about that period, we then stitution as founded by the Apostles, inasfirst migrated westward, and made our ap- much as our poverty has passed into a propearance in England. There, at any rate, verb—"as poor as a church-mouse.”. we settled in great numbers, chiefly in Amongst the human race, on the contrary, Gloucestershire and Cheshire, being much the proverb runs as rich as a churchattracted by the excellence of the cheeses in man.” It was beautifully said of one of our those counties. A distinguished tribe fixed ecclesiasticsthemselves at Stilton, where their descendants are found at this day. In our progress
A mouse he was to all the country dear, westward, however, several of our legions
And passing rich on forty crusts a year. took up their quarters at different places on the continent: some at Parma and Bologna
At the same time the mouse is subject to (with a view to the sausages), others at La the promptings of avarice and worldly am
We Gruyère, while many scattered themselves bition, as well as the lower animals. through Holland. The Souriquois were a
have pluralists amongst us, as there are French colony, but the name is now com- amongst bipeds, and they are apt to quote mon to the entire race of mice all over the
in their justification the verses of Popeglobe. That there was also a great move The mouse that is content with one poor hole ment at some time or another towards the
Will never be a mouse of any soul. north is clear, from the consequence we obtained in Russia, which was called from us Upon this principle will these corrupt and Muscovia, or Mouseland. It may be sup- secular church-mice seize on hole after hole, posed that the mice of Russia must have benefice upon benefice, and dignity upon been uncomfortable under a Czarina of the dignity, with a rapacity thoroughly and ominous name of Catherine ; however, on frightfully human. Some will even creep the whole, we have had no great reason to into palaces, but there is one palace which complain of our lot in the Russian domin- no mouse was ever known to enter with jons, for our rights have been as much re- pleasure-namely, the gin-palace; and there spected as the rights of men; and at this is also one monkish order to which the hour we are infinitely freer and happier than Souriquois have invariably manifested the the unfortunate Poles.
strongest antipathy—that of La Trappe.
Mice do not sit in Parliament, which is j and absurdly applied to the miserable race not at all to be regretted, for they might of man. Our love of poetry, let me here probably soon earn the bad reputation of observe, is one of the attributes on which their friends the rats, who have had seats in we pique ourselves. Juvenal, a Latin poboth houses from time immemorial. We et, has done us justice in this respect have our politicians, nevertheless, as well where he tells of the Mures Opici, an anas other communities, and are often accus- cient Italian colony, that they actually deed of hole-and-corner proceedings, because voured (rodebant) the “divina carmina," we prefer holding little quiet meetings or immortal productions of the bards. within the wainscot, or behind the arras, to The author of this memoir has made a rerunning the risk of dispersion by their wor- markable discovery respecting the poet on ships Grimalkin and Bow-wow, who would whom the people of these countries pride be only too happy if they could get us to themselves most. He has ascertained beassemble on the hearth-rug. Mice have yond a doubt that Shakespeare was neither petitioned Parliament, although they have a swan nor a man, but a mouse, the “ Singnot sat there. A petition of theirs in verse, ing Mouse” of his day. The proof is that drawn up by Mrs. Barbauld, is a composi- a mouse of the same name, that is importtion of great celebrity. They have also a ing the same meaning in the Greek lanvery
active and extensive association, call- guage, is found amongs the heroes of the ed the Anti-Corn-Stack League, and it is Batrachyomachia. How interesting to find certain that had they a mouse-mote, and a Shake-spear celebrated by a Homer, and were they to legislate for the empire, they to trace the lineage of the greatest penwould make the trade in corn perfectly mouse of modern times up to a mouse of free, abolish mouse-traps, and make it felo- war in the romantic ages of Grecian histony in old maiden ladies, to keep cat or kit- ry! In corroboration of this discovery it ten.
may be remarked that Shakespeare speaks The philosophy of mice is a subject on of mice invariably in respectful and handwhich much remains to be written; their some terms. In one place he apeaks of a taste for Bacon is decided, and that they
Most magnanimous mouse, are Minute Philosophers is beyond all question. Æsop and Horace have agreeably and we have already quoted a passage where recorded an ancient dispute among them, he bestows on his fellow-mouse the compliwhether a country or town life is to be pre- mentary epithet of “monstrous.” But he ferred. They seemed divided upon the really speaks of mice in twenty places subject, just as men are, with the exception where his paliry human editors have substiof the field-mouse, who would not resign tuted the word man, and appropriated the his hole in a corn-field for the most sumpt- tribute to themselves. For instance, uous mansion in Park-lane. All that mice
I dare do all that may become a mouse ask—and it is not much is to be let alone, Who dares do more is none ! and their favorite maxim is “live and let live." When was a mouse known to mo
And in “Henry VIII.” lest a cat, or set a trap for a cook or a This is the state of Mouse ; to-day he puts forth housekeeper? As to terrifying ladies as The tender leaves of hope, &c. they do, they protest they cannot help, and
And when he hopes, good easy Mouse, &c. are exceedingly sorry for it; they did not create themselves; it is no fault of theirs In the play of “Hamlet," there is that that nature has made them such formidable magnificent description of mouse which beings, that the smallest monstrous mouse every mouseling has at the end of his paws. that creeps on floor would put to route all Fancy the presumption of applying the folthe women in England, though the Queen in lowing to such a being as man! person were at the head of the army.
What a piece of work is Mouse! How The mouse is, in truth, the most amia- noble in reason! How infinite in faculties ! ble of creatures, a gentle-mouse every inch In form and moving how express and admiof him. In the domestic circle he shines rable! In action how like an angel! In with peculiar lustre, understanding the apprehension how like a god! The beauty Hole duty of mouse perfectly, and firmly of the world! The paragon of animals ! believing that an honest mouse is the “no
And again, blest work of God," a saying of one of our He was a Mouse, take him for all in all, poets, which has been stolen by Mr. Pope, I shall not look upon his like again,
which was an allusion to an ancestor of my, anda overlooking the river, she gives vent to a own, a clergymouse of Mousechester, the paroxysm of grief and mortification most learned as well as the most virtuous
"No voice could then have been welcome to mouse of his age, and the author of many had ever spoken peace and joy to my heart,
me, (sor the voice I loved best, the voice that inim table works, including "the Mouse of I had just heard utter words that had destroyFeeling,” the “ Mouse's Book," the “ Mir-ed at one blow the l'abric of bliss which miy ror of Mice," and a play called “The heart had so long framed for itself;) no voice, Good-natured Mouse,” which was plagiar- I say, could have been welcome to me: but ised by a two-legged penny-a-liner of the when I heard the sharp and querulous tones of name of Goldsmith. To this wisest and Julia, God in mercy forgive me for what I felt. best of mice we are indebted for the great stone steps that I have described as forming
She was again standing at the head of the maxim that
one of the extremities of the veranda ; and, The noblest study of mousekind is mouse.
as she placed her foot on one of the moss
covered, slippery steps, she called out, “ I'm But as I propose shortly to publish his life going down—I'll have my own way now.” I and times in three volumes, with notices of seized her hand, and drawing her back, exthe most celebrated clergymnice and states- claimed—“Don'i Julia ;" on which she said mice of the sixteenth century, enough has - You had better not tease me ; you are to be
ᎥᏝ you tease me.” I felt as if' a vi. been said for the present occasion.
per had stung me, the blood rushed 10 my head, and I struck her; she reeled under the blow, her foot slipped, and she fell headlong down the stone steps. A voice near me said -“She has killed her !” There was a plunge in the water below; her white frock rose to
the surface, sank-rose again-and sank to ELLEN MIDDLETON.
rise no more. Two men rushed wildly down
the bank, and one of them turned and looked From the Edinburgh Review.
up as he passed. I heard a piercing scream Ellen Middleton. A Tale. By Lady Geor-) -a mother's cry of despair. --Nobody said
again—"she has killed her.” I did not die; giana Fullerton. 3 vols. 8vo. London: i did not go inad; for I had not an instant's 1844.
delusion-I never doubted the reality of what This tale has excited great interest among had happened; but those words—She has an influential class of readers in the great me- killed her !”—“She has killed her!"-were tropolis, and its reputation is, we are told, written as with a fiery pencil on my brain, and spreading widely. The writer is just the kind day and night they rang in my ears. Who of writer who may do harm by her influence had spoken them? The seeret of my fate was or example, and to whom criticism may do in those words.' good. It struck us, therefore, that the very The secret of her fate was in these words, limited space we had left, on the appearance and the chief interest of the story is in that of her Tale, could not be employed better secret; which she keeps until she herself and than in pointing out her merits and demerits every body connected with her have been as a novelist-her fine spirit of observation made irretrievably wretched. In the first and analysis, with the veins of thought and paroxysm of remorse and terror, she could not feeling, that'ought to be worked assiduously speak, and afterwards she would not; but -and her fondness for overstrained sentiment, goes on receiving the caresses of her relations, and melodramatic situation that must be sup- and enjoying the advantages of her new popressed
suljon (for Julia's death makes her an heiress) The plot is soon told. Ellen Middleton has with unfaltering resolution ; though racked by been bred up by a high-principled, cold-man- the fear of discovery, and haunted by the nered uncle, and an indulgent, imaginative phantoms of remorse. Both Edward and aunt. They are people of fortune, residing Henry are in love with her. Edward is highat a country house situate on the bank of a minded, true-hearted, and good; she returns river. When the story opens, Ellen is be- bis affection, and eventually marries him. tween fifteen and sixteen. Their only child, Henry is unprincipled and selfish, and she Julia, a cross, unamiable girl, is eight. Ed- knows it; but he posesses extraordinary powward Middleton, a nephew of the uncle, and ers of fascination; he holds the key of her Henry Lovell, a younger brother of the aunt destiny, having been an eyewitness of Julia's -young men of two or three and twenty-are death; and by the aid of influence thus acstaying with them. Julia takes every opportu- quired induces her to to suppress the truth, pity of quarrelling with her cousin; and at tolerate his attentions, and keep up a confilength Ellen overhears her aunt discussing dential communication with him, until her the propriety of separating them, by sending husband, to whom she is all along devotedly her (Ellen) to school. Hurrying to a ver- attached, casts her off, under the belief that
Henry is her favored lover. He does not learnsibility ; to have been capable of high enthuthe real state of the facts until they are nar- siasm, warm gratitude, and passionate love. rated by her (dying of a broken heart) on How would such a being have acted? Why, her deaihbed ; Henry having died of a brain rushed wildly through the house shrieking out fever a few days before, and most of the other that she had killed her cousin; or started from prominent characters being similarly disposed the first stupor, to give way to an ayony of of, about the same time.
self-accusation; or dragged herself to her This story, apparently so simple, is kept up aunt's feet, imploring, not asking, forgiveness; through the three volumes principally by El-or flown from her to the stern uncle, and relen's struggles to avoid discovery, and Henry's ceived his sentence of banishment as a boonexpedients to retain her in his toils.
any thing, or every thing but remain enduring Now our objection to the plot is twofold - the caresses of Mrs. Middleton, the insulting the inadequacy of the alleged motives, and attentions of Henry and the daily, hourly in. the improbability of the facts. We assert, con- dications of the coming crisis. It is said that fidently, that Ellen neither could nor would the most stringent of all tortures is the falling have kept the secret. In the first place, she of water, drop by drop, upon the head-the could not. There are such things as coro- brain maddens, and the tongue speaks. Much ner's inquests—though ladies of quality are of the same kind is the mental torture Ellen is not bound to know of them—and others be made to undergo for months, by the surpassing sides the housekeeper would have asked, ingenuity of the contrivances for turning inci
Where were you when the poor thing fell ?' dent after incident, and conversation after conTwo persons are eyewitnesses of the deed ; versation, into a sting. She loves, too-loves a third hears it from one of them; dark hints passionately, devotedly; her whole soul is are scattered; dire threats thrown out; all wrapped up in Edward; and, in the fine scene, sorts of rumors are abroad; she herself pur- where she risks her life to save his, she pours it sues a line of conduct that must necessarily all out in an irresistible burst. With one reexcite suspicion; and tears, faintings, chan- serve, however, the black secret is kept hack, ges of voice, changes of color, and whis- and with an intensity of selfishness (though perinys with Henry, would assuredly have perhaps the author never viewed it in that precipitated the crisis before the end of the light) she keeps it still, when not only her first volume.
own reputation, and the life of Alice, but her This, however, is a comparatively immate- husband's happiness, might be secured by a rial objection: few novelists or dramatists frank and full confession. Sir Walter Scott could get on if they were tied down to strict managed these things better. Finella is proof matter-of-fact probability. In some of the most against every other crial; but the moment the admired fictions, we are compelled to take for talismanic influence of love is brought to bear granted that no one sees or hears what no one upon her, she betrays herself.* could help seeing or hearing; and we readily Judging simply from internal evidence, it is grant their writers, what Archimedes asked in impossible to doubt the purity of the author's vain-a place beyond our living, actual, every mind and the goodness of her intentions; but day world to stand on, and suffer them 1o the tendency or moral is often, at the best, move it, or turn it topsy-turvy, if they can. In doubtful. We do not much mind her reversshort, they may do any thing short of revers. ing the good old maxim already mentioned, ing the laws of gravitation, provided they do of murder will out ; but it is surely hardly alnot neglect the higher principles of art; and lowable to paint Ellen endowed with so many our main ground of difference with Lady estimable qualities, without permitting them to Georgiana Fullerton is, not that the secret bear fruit. Falsehood, habitual dissimulation, would have been discovered in Ellen's despite, and selfishness, are not the natural products of but that she herself would infallibly have re- a religious turn of mind, a frank disposition, vealed it.
genius, enthusiasm, and sensibility. `Ellen's Persons conversant with the history of crime mode of thinking, compared with her mode of are aware, that the most hardened criminals acting, constantly tempts us to exclaim (savscarcely ever keep their own counsel, even when ing the lady's presence) with Sir Peter Tea. there is no hope of sympathy, and communi- zle, 'Oh, d-n your sentiments ! or reminds us cation may be death: 'murder will out is no of Charles Lamb's character of Coleridge: mere vulgar error; nor is there probably one He was a good man, an excellent man; but, of our readers who, in minor cases of trans- somehow or other, whenever any thing pregression, has not felt an irresistible impulse to sented itself in the shape of a duty, he could iell and know the worst, merely to get rid of not perform it! the torture of uncertainty, though under no Again, Ellen is too clever a creature to be immediate apprehension of being found out. imposed on by Henry Lovell, (who is comBut let us set aside the fact, that Ellen knew monplace enough in the first volume,) and of one witness at the least; and let us say no- she is too much in love with another to be fasthing of the line of conduct a cunning, calcula-cinated by him. Such an interest might easily ting girl would consequently have pursued. We take her, on her own showing, to have been pos * See the concluding chapter of Peveril of the sessed of understanding, imagination, and sen- Peak.
liave found place in an unoccupied heart or ( BEAUMARCHAIS AND SOPHIE ARNOULD. mind; but she had paramount objects, and in her peculiar position, “that most insidious of From the Westminster Review for September. poisons, the constant homage of a blind and passionate admiration," would have had no Encyclopédie du Dir Neuvième Siècle. charms for her. As a woman of spirit, too, she Répertoire Universel des Sciences, des would have been more likely to contract aver Letters, et des Arts; avec la Biographie sion for a man who persevered in compelling des Hommes Célèbres. Paris. 1843. her to listen to him by a threat. But we hazard this opinion with diffidence; a woman We are going to present our readers with must be the best judge how sara woman might two brief and graphic memoirs of two celbe led by a demon of coquetry; and as to ebrated persons of the last century. We threats, we remember reading a French novel, select these memoirs from the Encyalleged in the preface to be founded upon fact, in which the gentleman (a practised duellist) clopédie mentioned at the head of this artitells the lady that she had better accept him at cle; and we select them because the work once, as he is resolved to shoot every other in which they appear is by its nature not pretender to her hand. He shoots four of her likely to fall into the hands of the generaladorers, and she marries him.
ity of our readers. Cyclopædias are of It is a common subject of complaint among recognized utility; but their very size preLady Georgiana's most partial readers, that the general impression produced throughout by
vents their being in the libraries of ordinaher book is a disagreeable one ; and the reason ry readers. To such of our subscribers is plain. It is disagreeable to see people acting whose purses and shelves render cyclopæfoolisbly withouta motive; the interest, though dias available, we will address a few words sustained and high wrought, is always of a of criticism on the present work; to the painful kind; there is too much mental anato- others, we trust we shall be affording some my à la Godwin; the introductory chapter, harmless amusement by the biographies of like an overture of church music, predisposes Beaumarchais and Sophie Arnould, from to melancholy; and we constaetly feel a want of relief from scenes of characters of a lighter the sparkling pen of the indefatigable, inimorder. This is the more provoking, because itable Jules Janin. the charming sketch of' Rosa Moore (worth a It must be confessed that France, though hundred Alices) shows how well the author the first to start an Encyclopædia, has not could have supplied the deficiency, had it sug- produced one worthy of rivalling those pubgested itself. Indeed, these volumes teem lished in England. In the ' Britannica' with proof that Lady Georgiana Fullerton could produce a work capable of standing the and Metropolitana,' the majority of articles severest ordeal of criticism ; and it is the high on important subjects have been laborious estimate we have formed of her powers, that treatises. No French cyclopædia can stand induces us to dwell so much on the errors of a comparison with them; nay, not even her plan. It matters little what mode of with the 'Penny Cyclopædia,' for learning thought or style of composition is adopted by and accuracy. The Encyclopédie started any ephemeral novelist, though he or she may happen to stimulate the jaded appetite of the by D'Alembert contained some striking arLondon world of fashion, or afford them a to-ticles, but as a whole it is ill digested, ill pic for a week; but we feel bound to take care written, and deficient in accuracy. The that no wrong notions of art, or false theories 'Encyclopédie Méthodique,' which came of conduct, are sanctioned by a writer so well afterwards, did little more than re-arrange qualified as this lady to make sterling addi- its predecessor. The 'Encyclopédie Noutions to our light literature, and influence velle,' now publishing under the editorship opinion in more extended circles than her of Pierre Leroux and Jean Reynaud, is val
uable for many of its articles and general arrangement. We have heard it highly praised, and such papers as we have consulted seemed to warrant the reputation of
the work. One obstacle, however, is that ANCIENT Coins.—The sale of the late Mr. it is made a vehicle for the doctrines of Thomas's collection by Mr. Sotheby has realised no less than £17,000, and some of the rarest Pierre Leroux, which, though accepted as coins brought immense prices: ex. gr. a unique gospel by “les humanitaires,” will receive medal of Commodus relating to Britain, £75; little attention here. a unique and unpublished silver coin of Alexander, £112; a gold coin of Ephesus, £101; a gold to its success in England. It is Catholic.
The present work has a similar drawback Nicocles, £71; gold didracbm of Antiochus, £60; Ptolemy'IV., gold, £175; and a gold Berenice This, which is of course in its
vor as rewith a unique symbol, £165.—Lit. Gaz. gards Catholics, will prevent the generality