New series. No. 1–Vol. VIII.] BALTIMORE, MARCH 3, 1821. [No. 1–Vol. XX. Waptr. No.495


We have not inserted our usual notices of do-people. On this all parties seem ugreedilihat the mestic and foreign events this week, for want of citizens of the United States might be, and of right time to pre are them. Nothing of importance, should be, prosperous and happy; though it is uni. however, bas occurred; but whatever is interesting versally acknowledged that their situation is calashall be preserved.

mitous and distressing. It is also agreed on all

bands, that there nust be some great changes in the TERMS OF THE REGISTER.

general policy of the government, as well to ob. “Miles' Weekly Register," is published every Satain revenue as to save expenditure; and a spirit turday morning, in Baltimore, and immediately for prevails which, 1 believę, will forbid th: passage warded to all its subscribers, carefully packed, at of a law to authorize a loan at the next session five dollars per anuum, payable in advance. It (which will be certainly wanted), unless ways and

L-ewwames in a year, which respectively means are simultaneously provided to pay it off at commence in March and September.

a short period. But what these changes are to be, Complete sets may be had on the following causes much botheration. Thus, I bure seen a ternis:

public meeting, when in confusion, attempted to be For ten years' subscription, from Sept. 1811, brought into quietness by every one calling out worto Sept. 1821,

at $5, 50 der' as loud as he could, instead of bringing himExtra supplements to vols. 5, 7, 8, 9, 15, self into order. In addition, too many are tremb. and 16,

at $1 each, 6 ling for their popularity, and apparently afraid to General Index,

3 do what their conscience tells then should be done

-what their own good sense forces them to ac. Price in sheets,

59 knowledge will come to pass: perhaps they do not For binding the 19 vols, now published, and know how to check the re-action which they so the General lodex-20 vols. at 75 cents 15 much fear. Others will not do this because some

will not do that, and some “won't because tbey

$74 won't”- which are excellent reasons, when better Any volume will be sold separate, to complete ones are not to be had! A few brave men appear sets or otherwise, except 1, 2, and 3-these are quite willing to meet any degree of responsibility scarce and precious.

which their situation imposes, to tlirow themselves Gentlemen may commence their subscriptions at into the breach to restore their country to prospe. What time they please, but it is recommended that srity to produce a system, such as Napoleon es. they should always begin with a volume. tablished in France, and which she is reaping the

rich benefits of, in public and private abundance. Tux MissouNT QUEstion is at last settled, so far Her foreign trade is small, and of little account in as it depends on an act in congress. The manner the great aggregate of value produced; but her of it has not pleased either party; and some ex. internal commerce is active-every one that has any press an opinion thut the legislature of Missouri useful article to sell finds a ready market for it, will obstinately refuse to accept the condition; but whether it is the product of agriculture or manufacWe cannot believe that this is probable.

tures. If this state of things exists in France, un.

der a kingly government, why may it not be in the Coroarss must rise this day—and we hazard U. States, whierein we have a republican one? We little in sayitrs, that the people, and the members appeal to the good sense of the nation for an'an. themselves, are most sincerely glad of it. Since swer to this question-not to the parties and fragthe famous tenth congress, no one bas contributed ments of parties in congress. Without the least less to an advancement of the public interest or degree of hesitation I pronounce the op nion, that the promotion of private prosperity. They had, to the present congress bas less zeal, less talents, and De sure, a "distracting question” before them-bui perhaps, less virtue, than almost any other that we it ought not to have distracted the members from have had though it contains many really good, and olher subjects of legislation, no less important some truly great nen. The people have not than any measure proposed respecting Missouri. enough attended to the polls--they bave been in The public credit is at stake, and most things confluenced rather by private partialities than public nected with the national interest, are either not considerations. There are many within the walls understood, or, in desperation, suffered to get along of the capitol wbo oughı never to have left the as well as they may.. If any thing of moment has walls of a county coure-house; but they can make been done, it has been done in a hurry. The list. speeches—and what is a member of congress who lessness of the early part of the session, has been cannot make a speech, even if he himself may equalled by a bustling in the present week, not not just exactly know what he is talking about in harmony with that discretion by which our af: though he may repeat what has been said half fairs ought to be managed. The proceedings are a dozen times before? But I have not time tu dilute given at considerable length in the subsequent on these matters now. pages, and what yet remains behind shall be As almost public bankruptcy has succeeded pri. promptly attended io.

rate misfortune, as it is evident that the present The editor spent a part of last week and most of mode of raising a revenue will not keep us a-going; the present at Washington city, to see, hear and that new taxes cannot be collected unless some understand, if possible, what was going on-10 thing is done to enable the people to pay them. rather the public feeling on certain greut subjects, Hence, some of the best men at Washington flatter and ascertain some facts litself for the use of the themselves with a bope that, on Monday next, when Yob. XX


Mr. Monroe is to be inaugurated president, he will on men called right honorables and nobles, perhapsg offer å system of management by which the pre. as the hire of their wives to adulterous princes vailing distress may be relieved others think and other grand dignilies in the governinent. Certhat he will suffer things to go on as they are. We tain preferences too, in our country, have been no. shall soon see what measures he means to support. toriously conferred unworthily, or without a just We are convinced, that if a change is not broughe discrimination, though the authority or confer them about peaceably, it will be accomplished violently was.designed for the noblest of purposes. Seeing -not by force of arms, but by the indignant sutira- then, the abuses of the system and knowing the falges of a neglected and injured people. A general libility of rulers, we act' the most safely when we discontent prevailsa rustling begins to be heard, leave the least possible power to their discretion, and the spirit of truth will cause a “shaking of the except as to things of a general nature; and we dry hones," and they shall live! The political quiet shouis should set our face against specialities, par• of the day is as the repose that precedes an earth tieularly such as tend to raise up a distinct class quake. A mighty re-action is close at hand. anong the people, with interests opposed to those

For ourselves, we bave deliberately resolved to of the community. If cases arise in which the do all that we can to sustain this re-action: to public service demands an act of public liberality, take a firm gtand against dishonest borrowings of let us give, at once, an amount which will meet the money, as all borrowings must be when the means case, if we are able--by which we shall know what of re-payment are not provided, except in times of we are doing. But payments, in the shape ui pen. great public emergency in war: to reprehend every sions, at so much per annum, are deceptive like attempt made to disguise the facts which belong noths thai consume without being noticed until the to the affairs of the nation: to speak ot' things as garment is found to be full of holes. When an in. plainly as we can without denouncing individuals, dividual or nation gives any thing, the matter is per. and as severely as it is possible without being rude. fectly understood whether it can be afforded or not, As has been before observeil

, the editor pledges whether the case requiresit: but when we promise himself that his paper shall never be lent to elec- to do something hereafter,- we should always do tioneering purposes--but it shall be devoted more it like a prudent man endorses a note for his neighwarmly than ever to the interests of the people, bor, and more so in our public character, because without regard to those who have, or scek, the a nation cannot be relieved of its liability to fulfil soaves and fishes"—to bring about a turning to its engagements by the benefit of accommodating original principles, that, again, every free American insolvent laws! With what we have, let us deal li. may "sit down under his own vine and under his berally; but of that which we have not, let us be own fig tree, with none to make him afraid.” We careful how we promise ourselves to have it. There only wish that our ability was equal to the part we is many “a slip even between the cup and the lip” are about to assume but the will must be taken there are eleven points against the 'non possessor. for the deed. If it shall appear that our course is We ought to derive wisdom from experience, No disapproved of--if the people will not support us one will pretend to believe that the revolutionary in this matter, and things shall go on froin bad to pension law would have been enacted, if its opera. worse we are resolved to be innocent. tion had been anticipated, though that law came

from the best motives of the human heart, and was Persons. We have inserted an account of the emphatically called an act of gratitude: but the case of com. Tucker, of the revolutionary navy, real design of the law was overturned by individual and the yeas and nays thereuponi, in the house of ingenuity, and the disposition, at present, perhaps, representatives. Com. T. was not only one of the exists to repeal it altogether, from the double mo. bravest, but also among the most fortunate of our tive, that its provisions were abused and from the officers who carried the newly-made "star spangled poverty of the treasury. The amendments have, in banner" over the sca; and some of the prizes taken many instances, had a cruel operation in respect to and sent in by him were of so great importance to some who were placed on the pension list, though the young republic, that the supplies of arms and even improperly placea rnere. Loucus avoid here. ammunition which they furnished, were actually after, the public injury and private suffering which regarded as “providential,” by tens of thousands such things may cause. Free governments are of patriots, at the time. On the general score of subject to frequent re-actions, depending on the service then, he appeared as well entitled to a pen-current of events-to-day liberal, to-morrow em. sion as any one; and why the family of com. Perry barrassed, and the next day penurious. The preo so easily obtained a vole in their favor, which was sent then, is all that can be depended upon; and first denied, and then granted only by a majority of the people will not agree to borrow money to pay two votes, in the same house, to him, must rest ou pensions, except to maimed and disabled persons, principles which we do not understand.

if they can helpit. We should therefore, be very When we seized the opportunity the other day careful how we adopt the system. (see February 3), to object to pensions, except for disabilities actually incurred, we hope that we Is THE SUPREME COURT OF THE U. STATES. Feb. were understood as not being hostile to the espe- 26. Mr. Justice Johnson delivered the opinion of cial case then before us that of the family of com. the court in the case of the Bello Corrunes, MalaPerry: for, on the contrary, if his family is in want gamba (consul of his Catholic n.ajesty for Rhode we would bind ourselves, as a matter of right, to Island district) claimant, (argued by Mr. Winder pay them ten thousand times more per annum, for the captors, by Mr. Webeter for the claimants, individually, than we shall have to contribute and by Mr. Wheaton for the salvors.) in the character of a citizen. But there is great The court determined, in this casedanger when government acts in relation to such Ist. That a foreign consul, recognized by our things. Pensions, no doubt, were originally grant. government, has a right to libel or claim in the ed both in England, and France, for valuable admiralty courts the property of his fellow subjects, services rendered to the respective states--but we without specifying their particular interests. well know that they have been conferred on the 2dly. That the original Spanish owners, in the most infamons wretches in creation: for instance, present case, were entitled to restitution, the cap

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turing vessel having been fitted out in our ports, The committee have studied to subject this in violation of the neutraility of the United States source of expense to some retrenchment, corres. in the present war between Spain and the Southpondent to what is contemplated in other branches American provinces; and the capture was made of public expenditure, in the only way in which it by our citizens, in breach of the laws and the treaty is susceptible of retrenchment. From the inwith Spain.

creasing value of money, and the consequent di. 3dly. The libel for salvage, and that of the Unit. minution in the price of almost every article used ed States for an alleged forfeiture, were disrnissed. in building, it is presumed that the work may be

accomplished within the estimated expense: that

the progress of the building will not be retarded Public Buildings.

or embarrassed by a small reduction of the esti

mate: and, the committee are of opinion, that an Report of the committee on the public buildings, with u bil making appropriations for the public bruild appropriation of 80,000 dollars, together with the

unexpended balances of former uppropriations, inze, January 30, 1821.

will be adequate to the completion of the estimated The committee on the public buildings improvements on the centre building, the present REPOET: ---That they have carefully examined year. the different branches of labor and expenditure It is believed that the security of the public pro. connected with the progress of the public buildings, perty renders it advisable to have the roof of the during the last year; and have reviewed the esti- president's house covered with opper the ensu. mates presented by the commissioner and public ing summer, and an estimate of the labor and maarchitects of the work contemplated to be perform. terials, exclusive of such materials as liave been al. ed the present year.

ready procured, amounting to the sum of $7,845,The alterations and improvements in the senate 84, also subjoined. chamber, and in the hall of the house of represen. There are, also, some small improvements deem, tatives, that were authorized by law at the lasted necessary in the hall of the house of represensession of congress, to render those rooms more tatives, and in the library, the whole of which are convenient for the transaction of the public busi- not estimated to exceed the sum of six hundred ness, have been effected within the amount of the dollars. estimated expense, and within the appropriations The committee have prepared a bill making the made for those purposes.

above mentioned appropriations which they diThe work on the centre building has been con- rected to be reported to the house. tinued, and, with the exception of a small portion, (Here follow the statements of the superintenomitted in consequence of the sickness of the cant and architect: a brief summary may suffice. workmen and the intemperance of the season, as

For the last yearmuch has been done as was contemplated by the There was expended on the centre building estimate. Some alteration has been made in the S95,607 63. On the wings of the capitol, painting, order of the execution of the work; but the com &c. 2,840 90. On alterations and improvements mittee are perfectly satisfied that the change was in the senate chamber 1,217 84. On improving judicious and proper.

the capitol square 2,937 46. On the repairs of the It appears, from a statement furnished by the president's house 615 99. But these disburse. commissioner, that the labor and materials have ments are only so far as the regular vouchers were been procured on better terms than they were the received on the 31st Dec. last. The expenditures preceding year; the work appears to be well done, are less than the appropriations. and the expenditure on this part of the public buildings has, also, been kept within the estimates and appropriations.

Duplicate Offices, &c. The committee would have been gratifed if they Report of the committee on mililury affairs, upon the could, with propriety, have recommended a dimi. subject of the employment of officers of the army as mation of the annual appropriation to this object, cierks in the departments, and the ertra pay allowed diminishing the annual amount of work to be done to them for such sei rice. upon the centre building; but prudence and econo- The committee on military affairs, to whom was my obviously require that the walls should be referred the resolution of the house of represenerected, and the whole building covered, before tatives, instructing them to enquire whether any any considerable reduction in the annual appro- officers of the army of the United States are priation for the centre building would be consistent employed as clerks, or in any other capacity, in with the public interest.

any of the departments, or in the office of the The committee have been furnished by the pub. surgeon general or apothecary general; and lic architect with the subjoined estimate of the cost wliether such officers, if any, have received any of the labor and materials necessary in the prose. other compensation than their pay as officers; if cution of the work the present yeur, including ma

so, what are their names, and what extra com. terials for the ensuing season; and, also, a provision pensation have they received; submit the folfor the improvement of the ground around the ca- lowing report:-pitol , amounting to 8120,643 29.

The committee cirected a letter to the secretary The estimate for the centre building is calculated of war requiring information on the several subwith a view to complete the enclosure of the west jects of the resolution, and received sundry statė. front; to carry up the stone and brick work of the ments which are annexed, and to which they invite East front, and the walls of the rotundo, to the the attention of the house. It appears from the springing of the dome.

statements furnished by the second and third alifrom the letter of the commissioner of the pub. citors of the treasury department, that captain lic buildings, accompanying this

report, it appears George Bender was detailed to perform duty in the that there remains unexpended of former appro- war department; that, in addition to his pay and priations to the different public buillings the sum other emoluments he has received $623 50 for actof $26,275 56.

ling as clerk, first in the office of the adjutant and inspector general, and then in the office whum yet remmi, as the coinmntee are informed. of the quartermaster general, from the 1st of Ja. The statements furnished them shew, that, in addinuary, 1818, to the 31st of March, 1819. That tion to the pay and emoluments, and extra con. Lieutenant Thomas Johnson has been employed in pensation, each of the above named officers are the office of the quartermaster general, from the received pay for clothing. The committee are un18th of June, 1818, to the 31st of December, 1820, advised of any law to justify it, especially when aid has received exira compensation amounting they see neither of them has employed a private to the sum of $1,160 50. That captain John L servant, and for the clothing of whom only, is an Gardner has been employed in the war department, officer permitted to receive money in lieu of cloth. from the 28th of April, to the 9th of August, 1818, ing: and in the office of the quartermaster general, from In addition to the foregoing brief extracts from that date to the 31st of October, 1820; during which the statements of the second and third auditors of time he has received extra compensation to the the treasury department, they have received a let. amount of 1,160 dollars 50 cents. That major 'Tru- ter from the secretary of war, dated the 6th inst. man Cross has b:en employed in the quartermaster explanatory of the principles upon which these general's office from the 5th of October, 1818, till extra allowances have been made; he remarks, the 30th of September, 1820; and has received ex. that it appears to have been the practice of the gotra compensation to the amount of S908 23. That vernmeni, at all times, to allow, under some shape captain John Morton has been employed in the or another, extra compensation to officers detailed orifiance office, from the 1st of January, 1818, toto perform such extra duties at the seat of governthe 30th of September, 1820, and has received ex- ment. The committee are constrained to observe, tra compensation to the annount of $1,210 25. That that howeverlong this practice may have continued, lieutenant ?'. T. Stephenson has been employed they have no liesitation in saying it appears to liem in the orihance office, from the 10th to the 31st lighly improper. For when an officer is detailed august, 1818, and received an extra compensation to perform duties in the departments, such as base of 27 dollars 50 cents. Lieutenant George Blaney been described, they cease to render any other, has been employed in the office of the engineer when they perform no duties as officers, but merely department, from the 17th of April, 1818, to the act as clerks, it seems unreasonable to pay them as 6111 of May, 1819, and has received 735 dollars 75 officers, and at the same time compensation as cents extra compensation. Captain John L. Smith clerks. When they cease to perform the funclias been employed in the same department, from tions of oflicers, but yet receive their pay and emothe 1st of April, 1819, to the 30tli of September, Juments, the committee believe they should be con1820, and lias received 566 dollars and 25 cents tent, that they have no legal or equitable claim for extra compensation. Major Isaac Roberdeau was extra compensation, because extra payment is pre. permitied, on the 1st of January, 1820, to take dicated on a supposition that additional duties are charge of the mathematical instruments, maps, &c. performed. In the present case the supposed ad. belonging to the United States, and for his ser. ditional duty is the only service required of them, vices, in this respect, he has been paid 418 dol and that, in reality, they perform no duty wliatever 'lars and 75 cents, up to the 30th of November, as oficers of the army. 1820. Lieutenant W. T. W Tone has been em. Major Roberdeau, for example, took charge of ployed in the engineer department, from the 12th the mathematical instruments in the department of July to the 10th of September, 1820, and has to which he belonged, and kept them in lnis office been allowed 300 dollars extra compensation. for less than one year, and for his service received Lieutenant Samuel Cooper has been employed in from government 418 dollars 75 cents, on the supthe adjutant and inspector general's office from position that he had rendered important extra duthe lsi of August, 18:8, to the 30th of November, ties. 1820, and has received 1000 dollars and 55 cents The committee do think, that while this officer extra compensation. Captain James H. Hook hus continued in the exercise of this trust, bowerer imbetri employed in the office of the commissary portant and responsible it may be thought, and he, general of subsistence, and has received 888 dol performing no other duty that the committee are lars and 75 cents extra compensation; and, howe apprised of, he ought to have been satisfied with ver strange it may appear, captain Hook, in addi. Dois pay and emoluments; they are at a loss to know tion to his pay and emuluments, and extra compen. by what rule of law or equity it is, that he has resation, is employed as superintendant of the received, first, his pay and emoluments as an officer cruiting service near Baltimore, but the particular when lie performed no duty as such, and then extra amount paid for this service does not appear. In compensation for the only duty he did perform. the same department, Lieutenant w. P. Yonge, The committee are fully persuaded, that either the from the 12th July to the 31st of August, 1820, and puy and emoluments as an officer, or the extra comreceived 60 dollars and 75 cenis extra compensa pensation for keeping the mathematical instru. lion. In the office of the surgeon general, lieuten. nents, should have been omitted, and that both ant George Templeman, from the 17th of April to ought not to bave been paid. the 30th of October, 1819, and has received 286 The committee thought it incumbent on them to dollars and 25 cents extra compensation. And extend their inquiry to the compensation allowed lieutenant James Lovell, in the same department, the surgeon general in addition to his salary fixed. from the 1st of November, 1819, to the 30th of by law. They find, from the statement furnished November, 1820, and has received 493 dollars ex. by the third auditor, that doctor Joseph Lovell, the tra compensation.

surgeon general, bas been paid, in addition to his The committee discover that lieutenant W. S. annual salary, from the 1st of October, 1818, to Colquohoun is employed in some of the public the 30th of September, 1820, for quarters 864 doloffices, but are unable to state how, or where, or lars, and for fuel, for the same period, 452 dollars what extra compensation has been allowed him. / 25 cents, making an aggregate of 1,316 dollars 25

The above are the officers of the army, that have cents. The act of congress establishing the office been employed in the several departments of the of surgeon general, provides that he shall be allow. government, in the city of Washington, most of led a salary of 2,500 dollars, making no provision whatever for any other or extra compensation,, tended to that subject, and beg leave respectfully The committee are surprised that a construction to report: should be given to this law by which the surgeon That they are of opinion the value of American general should be enabled to receive compensation gold, compared with silver, ought to be somewhat beyond the limits of his salary, unless they bring to higher than by law at present established. On en. their aid the practice, which appears at all times quiry, they find that gold coins, both foreign and of to have prevailed, “in some shape or another to the United States, have, in a great measure, lisapallow the officers at the seat of government extra peared, and, from the best calculation that can compensation.”

be made, there is reason to apprehend they will be If the word salary has an appropriate meaning, wholly banished from circulation, and it ought not it certainly must be a stated or seitled hire to the to be a matter of surprize, under our present reguperson who performs the duties of the office to lations that this should be the case. which the salary is attached; no authority in this There remains no longer any doubt that the gold government, except the legislature, is deemed coins of the United States are, by our laws, rated competent either to increase or diminish ii. The at a value lower than in almost any other country, committee are of opinion, that no precedent con. in comparison with that of silver. This occasions trary to taw ought or can have a binding a influ- the gold to be constantly selected, when it can be ence. The case of the physician and surgeon ge-obtained, in preference to silver, whenever requir. neral, adverted to by the secretary of war, was ed for remittance from this to foreign countries; crroneous in the beginning, and not an example and, at the same time, prevents those who have oc. worthy of imitation.

casion to remit to the United Sites from cloing it It is alleged by the secretary of war, in justifi- in gold. Hence, there is a continual and steady fation of the extra allowance made the surgeon drain of that metal from this country, without any general, that it hardly admits of a doubt that he, correspondent return, which must continue while who is liable to be ordered into active service, there remains any of it among us, The importa would be entitled to claim public quarters if there tions of it will be confined to small quantities, and were such where he might be Atationed, and that from countries from which nothing better can be it is clear, he, in common with other officers, has a obtained. right to the allowance for theth, if he should be There have been coined at the mint of the Unit. stationed where quarters cannot be furnished by ed States, nearly six millions of dollars in' gold. It the public. It appears to the committee this argu jis doubtful whether any considerable portion of it ment is more specious than solid; the law provides can, at this time, be found within the United States. that other officers shall receive pay and emolu. It is ascertained, in one of our principal commercial ments, and enumerates quarters and fuel as arti. cities, quite in the vicinity of the mint, that the cles included in the provision intended to be made, gold coin, in an office of discount and deposite of but in the case of the surgeon general, the law the bank United States there located, in Nov. 1819, provides a salary of 2,500 dollars, which the com- amounted to 165,000 dollars, and the silver coin 10 mittee think, and which they believe, the legisla. 118,000 dollars. That, since that time, the silver ture thought should be in full for all services. If coin has increased to 700,000 dollars, while the gold the surgeon general would be entitled to quarters coin has diminished to the sum of 1,200 dollars, one and fuel when ordered into actual service, it is hundred only of which is American. And it is stat. not understood by the committee how his liability ed, that the vaults of the state banks in the same to be ordered into active service could entitle him city, having a capital, in the aggregate, as is beto compensations for them before that liability had lieved, of nearly eight millions, exhibit a similar attached. If an officer is entitled to either pay or result. It is scarcely to be doubted, that, on ex. emoluments upon the contingency of being order. amination in the other commercial cities, similar ed into active service, it seems an arbitrary con- additional proof would be furnished. struction to grant him either before the happening It now becomes a question of serious import, to of that contingency.

be decided by the nation, whether a gold currency In no point of view can the committee perceive be at all desirable, or whether it should wholly give the propriety of this allowance, which as yet does place to silver? By some, a silver currency is deem. not appear to be supported even by the authority ed the most eligible. They contend, that our cir. of precedent, and therefore submit the following culating metallic currency should be ponderous, resolution:

and inconvenient of transmission; that it would, in Resolved, That no officer or other persons em- such case, remain in the country and stationary. ployed by the government of the United States, On the other hand, it is believed by your com. ought, under any circumstances or pretext what. mittee, that a more portable currency may be, on ever, be allowed and paid any other or greater many accounts, and, in many instances, must be, compensation tban is authorized by law, and that much more convenient, and in some cases absolute. the practice which has heretofore prevailed, to ly necessary. It cannot be denied, that the lighter make extra compensation in certain cases, without and smaller the currency, in proportion to its value, such authority, is incorrect, and ought to be aban. the greater will be the

accommodation in the ne gociations between the great extremes of the union. lo proportion to this facility the price of exchange

will be lessened: commercial transactions would Gold Coin.

thus be carried on at an enhanced profit to all con. Report of the commillee on the currency, on the erpe. cerned. Moreover, in time of war, it will never

diency of increasing the relative value of the gold fail to become requisite to make use of specie in hereafter 10 be coined at the mini of the United payments and remittance; and these will be de.

manded, almost exclusively, at the extreme borders HOUSE OF REPRESEXTATIVES, F&B. 2, 1821. and frontiers of the union. In such cases, gold fur. The committee who were directed to enquire into nishes a medium which will not only be light and the expediency of increasing the relative value of convenient, but which can be transmitted with segold hereafter to be coined at the mint, have at- crecy, thereby avoiding the risks incident to war



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