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the Separation Authority or higher authority to make a recommendation or determination as to whether the respondent Should be retained in the Ready Reserve as a mobilization asset to fulfill the respondent’s total military obligation. This Option applies in cases involving separation from active duty or from the Selected Reserve. Section E. Of this part 3 is applicable if Such action is approved. C. Administrative Board Procedure. 1. Notice. If an Administrative Board is required, the respondent shall be notified in writing of the matters Set forth in this Section. a. The basis of the proposed separation, including the circumstances upon which the action is based and reference to the applicable provisions of the Military Department’s implementing regulation. b. Whether the proposed Separation Could result in discharge, release from active duty to a reserve component, transfer from the Selected Reserve to the IRR, release from the custody or control of the Military Services, or other form of Separation. c. The least favorable characterization Of Service or description of Separation authorized for the proposed Separation. d. The respondent’s right to consult with counsel as prescribed in paragraph B.1.f. Of this part 3. However, nonlawyer counsel may not represent a respondent before an Administrative Board unless (1) the respondent expressly declines appointment of Counsel qualified under Article 27(b) (1) of the UCMJ (10 U.S.C.) and requests a Specific nonlawyer Counsel; or (2) the Separation Authority asSigns nonlawyer Counsel as a SSistant COunSel. e. The right to obtain copies of document:S that will be forwarded to the Separation Authority Supporting the basis of the proposed Separation. Classified documents may be Summarized. f. The respondent’s right to request a hearing before an Administrative Board. g. The respondent’s right to present writ:ten Statements instead of board proceedingS. h. The respondent’s right to representation at the Administrative Board either by military Counsel appointed by the Convening Authority or by military counsel of the respondent’s own choice (if counsel of choice is determined to be reasonably available under regulations of the Secretary concerned) but not both. i. The right to representation at the Administrative Board by civilian counsel at the respondent’s Own expense. j. The right to waive the rights in paragraphs d. through i., above. k. That failure to respond after being afforded a reasonable Opportunity to Consult With Counsel constitutes a Waiver of the rights in paragraphs d. through i., above.
1. Failure to appear without good cause at a hearing constitutes waiver of the right to be present at the hearing. 2. Additional notice requirements. a. If separation processing is initiated on the basis of more than One reason under part 1, the requirements Of paragraph C.1.a. apply to all proposed reasons for separation. b. If the respondent is in civil confinement, absent. Without leave, or in a reserve compoment not on active duty or upon transfer to the IRR, the relevant notification procedures in Sections D., E., or F. of this part 3 apply. C. Additional notification requirements are Set forth in sections C. and D., part 1, when Characterization of Service as General (under honorable conditions) is authorized and the member is processed for Separation by reason Of Convenience Of the Government Or DiSability. 3. Response. The respondent shall be provided a reasonable period of time, but not less than 2 Working days, to act On the notice. An extension may be granted upon a timely showing of good Cause by the respondent. The decision of the respondent on each Of the rightS Set forth in paragraphs 1.d. through 1.i., above, and applicable provisions referenced in SubSection 2., above, Shall be recorded and signed by the respondent and Counsel, Subject to the following limitations: a. If notice by mail is authorized under Sections D., E., or F. of this part 3 and the reSpondent fails to acknowledge receipt or Submit a timely reply, that fact shall Constitute a waiver of rights and an appropriate notation Shall be recorded on a retained copy of the appropriate form. b. If the respondent declines to respond as to the Selection of rights, Such declination shall Constitute a waiver of rights and an appropriate notation will be made on the form provided for respondent’s reply. If the reSpondent indicates that One Or more Of the rights will be exercised, but declines to Sign the appropriate form, the Selection of rights will be noted and an appropriate notation as to the failure to Sign will be made. 4. Waiver. a. If the right to a hearing before an Administrative Board is Waived, the Case will be processed under subsection B.4. Of this part 3 (Notification Procedure), but the Separation Authority in Such cases shall be an official designated under SubSection C.6. b. When authorized by the Secretary conCerned, a respondent entitled to an Administrative Board may exercise a conditional waiver after a reasonable Opportunity to Consult with Counsel under paragraph C.1.d. A conditional waiver is a Statement initiated by a respondent waiving the right to a board proceeding contingent upon receiving a Characterization of Service or description of Separation higher than the least favorable characterization or description authorized for the basis of separation set forth in the notice to the respondent.
5. Hearing procedure. If a respondent requests a hearing before an Administrative Board, the following procedures are applicable: a. Composition. (1) The Convening Authority shall appoint to the Administrative Board at least three experienced commisSioned, warrant, Or noncommissioned officers. Enlisted perSonnel appointed to the Board shall be in grade E-7 or above, and shall be Senior to the respondent. At least one member of the Board Shall be serving in the grade of 0–4 or higher, and a majority Shall be commissioned Or Warrant Officers. The Senior member Shall be the president of the Board. The Convening Authority also may appoint to the Board a nonvoting reCorder. A nonvoting legal advisor may be appointed to assist the Board if authorized by the Secretary concerned. (2) If the respondent is an enlisted member of a reserve component Or holds an appointment as a reserve Commissioned or warrant Officer, the Board Shall include at least one Reserve officer as a voting member. Voting members shall be senior to the respondent’s reserve grade. See 10 U.S.C. 266. (3) The Convening Authority shall insure that the Opportunity to Serve on Administrative Boards is given to women and minorities. The mere appointment or failure to appoint a member of Such a group to the Board, however, does not provide a basis for Challenging the proceeding. (4) The respondent may challenge a voting member of the Board or the legal advisor, if any, for CauSe Only. b. Presiding officer. The president shall preSide and rule finally on all matters of proce— dure and evidence, but the rulings of the president may be overruled by a majority of the Board. If appointed, the legal advisor Shall rule finally on all matters of evidence and Challenges except challenges to himself. C. Witnesses. (1) The respondent may reQuest the attendance of witnesses in accordance with the implementing instruction of the Military Department concerned. (2) In accordance with Such instructions, the respondent may submit a written request for TDY Or invitational travel Orders for WitneSSes. Such a request Shall contain the following matter: (a) A Synoposis of the testimony that the witness is expected to give. (b) An explanation of the relevance of Such testimony to the issues of Separation Or characterization. (c) An explanation as to why written or reCorded testimony would not be sufficient to provide for a fair determination. (3) The Convening Authority may authorize expenditure of funds for production of witnesses only if the presiding officer (after Consultation with a judge advocate) or the legal advisor (if appointed) determines that:
(a) The testimony of a witness is not cumulative; (b) The personal appearance of the witness is essential to a fair determination on the issueS of Separation or characterization; (c) Written or recorded testimony will not a CCOmplish adequately the same objective; (d) The need for live testimony is substantial, material, and necessary for a proper disposition. Of the Case; and (e) The Significance of the personal appearance of the Witness, when balanced against the practical difficulties in producing the witness, favors production of the witness. Factors to be considered in relation to the balancing test include, but are not limited to, the Cost of producing the witness, the timing of the request for production of the Witness, the potential delay in the proceeding that may be caused by producing the wit– neSS, or the likelihood of significant interference with military operational deploy– ment, mission a CCOmplishment, or eSSential training. (4) If the Convening Authority determines that the personal testimony of a witness is required, the hearing will be postponed or Continued if necessary to permit the attendance Of the Witness. (5) The hearing shall be continued or postponed to provide the respondent with a reaSonable Opportunity to obtain a written Statement from the witness if a. Witness reQuested by the respondent is unavailable in the following circumstances: (a) When the presiding Officer determines that the personal testimony of the witness is not required; (b) When the commanding officer of a military Witness determines that military necessity precludes the witness’ attendance at the hearing; Or (c) When a civilian witness declines to attend the hearing. (6) Paragraph (5)(c), above, does not authorize a Federal employee to decline to appear as a Witness if directed to do SO in a CCordance with applicable procedures of the employing agency. d. Record of proceedings. In cases where the Board recommends separation, the record of the proceedings shall be kept in Summarized form unless a verbatim record is required by the Secretary Concerned. In cases where the Board recommends retention, a record of the proceedings is Optional unless required by the Secretary concerned. However, a Summarized Or Verbatim record Shall be prepared in any CaSeS Where the board recommends retention and the Separation Authority elects to forward the matter to the Secretary conCerned under Subparagraph C.6.d.(2)(6). The Board reporter shall retain all materials necessary to prepare a transcript should the Separation Authority elect to forward the case to the Secretary. In all cases, the findings and recommendations of the Board Shall be in verbatim form. e. Presentation of evidence. The rules of evidence for courts-martial and other judicial proceedings are not applicable before an Administrative Board. Reasonable restrictions Shall be observed, however, Concerning relevancy and competency of evidence. f. Rights of the respondent. (1) The respondent may testify in his or her own behalf, Subject to the provisions of Article 31(a), UCMJ (10 U.S.C.). (2) At any time during the proceedings, the respondent or counsel may submit written or recorded matter for consideration by the Board. (3) The respondent or counsel may call wit– nesses in his or her behalf. (4) The respondent or counsel may question any witness who appears before the Board. (5) The respondent or counsel may present argument prior to when the Board closes the Case for deliberation. On findingS and recOmmendations. g. Findings and recommendations. (1) The Board Shall determine it.S findingS and recommendations in closed Session. Only voting members of the Board Shall be present. (2) The Board shall determine whether each allegation set forth in the notice of proposed separation is Supported by a preponderance of the evidence. (3) The Board shall then determine under the guidance in Section A. of part 2 whether the findings warrant Separation with respect to the reason for separation Set forth in the Notice. If more than One reason Was COntained in the Notice, there Shall be a Separate determination for each reason. (4) The Board Shall make recommendations On the following: (a) Retention or separation. The Board shall recommend retention or Separation. (b) Suspension of separation. If the Board recommends separation, it may recommend that the Separation be Suspended in a CCOrdance with Section B. of part 2, but the recOmmendation of the Board as to Suspension is not binding on the Separation Authority. (c) Characterization of Service or description of separation. If separation or Suspended Separation is recommended, the Board Shall recOmmend a characterization of Service or deScription of Separation as authorized in part 1 (Reasons for Separation) in a CCOrdance with the guidance in section C. of part 2. (d) Transfer to the Ready Reserve. Except when the Board has recommended Separation on the basis of homosexuality Or has recOmmended characterization. Of Service Under Other Than Honorable Conditions, the Secretary Concerned may authorize the Board to make a recommendation as to whether the respondent should be retained in the Ready Reserve as a mobilization asset to fulfill the respondent’s total military obliga
tion. This Option applies to cases involving Separation from active duty or from the Selected Reserve. Section E. of this part 3 is applicable if the action is approved. 6. Separation Authority. A. The separation Authority for actions initiated under the Administrative Board Procedure Shall be a general Court-martial Convening authority or higher authority. The Secretary concerned also may authorize a commanding officer in grade 0–7 or above with a judge advocate or legal advisor available to his Command to act as a Separation authority in Specified CirCumstances. When an Administrative Board recommends characterization of Service aS Honorable Or General (under honorable Conditions), the Separation Authority may be exercised by an officer designated under SubSection B.4. When the Case has been initiated under the Notification Procedure and the hearing is a result of a request under paragraph B.1.g., the Separation Authority Shall be as designated in SubSection B.4. b. In every case in which characterization of Sevice Under Other Than Honorable Conditions is recommended, the record Of the Board’s proceedings will be reviewed by a judge advocate or civilian attorney employed by the Military Department prior to action by the Separation Authority. Such review is not required when another Character— ization is recommended unless the respondent identifies Specific legal issueS for COnSideration by the Separation Authority. c. The respondent will be provided with a copy of the Board’s statement of facts and recommendations. d. The Separation Authority Shall take a Ction in accordance with this subparagraph, the requirements of part 1 with respect to the reason for separation, and the guidance in part 2 on Separation and Characterization. (1) If the Separation Authority approves the recommendations of the Board On the issue of separation or characterization (Or both) this constitutes approval Of the Board’s findings and recommendations under paragraph C.5.g. unless the Separation Authority expressly modifies such findings or recommendationS. (2) If the Board recommends retention, the Separation Authority may take One of the following actions: (a) Approve the recommendation. (b) Forward the matter to the Secretary concerned with a recommendation for Separation based upon the circumstances of the Case. In Such a case, the Secretary may direct retention or separation. If the Secretary approves Separation, the characterization of Service or description of separation will be Honorable, General (under honorable Conditions) or an Entry Level Separation under the guidance in section C. Of part 2. (3) If the Board recommends Separation, the Separation Authority may: (a) Approve the Board’s recommendation;
(b) Approve the Board’s recommendation, but modify the recommendations by one or more of the following actions when appropriate: 1 Approve the Separation but Suspend execution as provided in Section B. of part 2. 2 Change the character of Service or deScription of Separation to a more favorable characterization. Or description. 3 Change the Board’s recommendation, if any, concerning transfer to the IRR. (c) Disapprove the Board’s recommendation and retain the respondent. (4) If the Separation Authority approves the Board’s findings and recommendations in whole or in part with respect to more than one reason under part 1, the Separation Authority Shall designate the most appropriate basis as the primary reason for reporting purposes. (5) If the Separation Authority finds legal prejudice to a substantial right of the respondent or determines that the findings of the Board have been obtained by fraud or Collusion, the Case may be referred to a new board. No member of the new board Shall have served on a prior board that considered the Case. The Separation Authority may not approve findingS and recommendations less favorable to the respondent than those rendered by the previous board unless the Separation Authority finds that fraud or colluSion in the previous board is attributable to the respondent Or an individual acting on the respondent’s behalf. D. Additional Provisions Concerning Members Confined by Civil Authorities. 1. If proceedings under this part have been initiated against a respondent Confined by civil authorities, the Case may be processed in the absence of the respondent. Paragraph C.5.e. of this part 3 is not applicable except insofar as Such rights Can be exercised by Counsel. On behalf of the respondent. 2. The following requirements apply: a. The notice Shall contain the matter Set forth in subsection B.1. of this part or subSection C.1. (Notice in the Administrative Board Procedure), as appropriate. The notice shall be delivered personally to the respondent or Sent by registered mail or certified mail, return receipt requested (or by an equivalent form of notice if such service is not available for delivery by U.S. mail at an address outside the United States). If the member refuses to acknowledge receipt of notice, the individual who mails the notification shall prepare a Sworn Affidavit of Service by Mail (see 32 CFR part 100) [DoD Directive 1215.13], which will be inserted in the member’s perSonnel file together with PS FOrm 3800. b. If delivered personally, receipt shall be acknowledged in Writing by the respondent. If the respondent does not acknowledge receipt, the notice Shall be sent by mail as proVided in paragraph 2.a., above.
C. The notice Shall State that the action has been Suspended until a Specific date (not less than 30 days from the date of delivery) in order to give the respondent the opportunity to exercise the rights Set forth in the notice. If respondent does not reply by such date, the Separation authority shall take appropriate action under Subsection B.4. Of this part 3. d. The name and address of the military Counsel for appointed Consultation shall be Specified in the notice. e. If the Case involves entitlement to an Administrative Board, the respondent shall be notified that the board will proceed in the respondent’s absence and that the case may be presented on respondent’s behalf by CounSel for the respondent. E. Additional Requirements for Certain Members of Reserve Components. 1. Members of reServe components not on active duty. a. If proceedings under this chapter have been initiated against a member of a reserve component, not on active duty, the case may be processed in the absence of the member in the following circumstances: (1) At the request of the member; (2) If the member does not respond to the notice of proceedings On or before the Suspense date provided therein; or (3) If the member fails to appear at a hearing as provided in paragraph C.1.1. b. The notice shall contain the matter set forth in Subsections B.1. or C.1. of this part 3, as appropriate. C. If the action involves a transfer to the IRR under circumstances in which the procedures in this Appendix A are applicable, the member Will be notified that the character of Service upon transfer to the IRR also will Constitute the character of Service upon disCharge at the completion of the military Service Obligation unless Specified conditions established by the Secretary concerned are met. 2. Transfer to the IRR. Upon transfer to the IRR, the member will be notified of the following: a. The character of service upon transfer from active duty or the Selected Reserve to the IRR, and that the Character of Service upon completion of the military Service obli– gation will be the Same unless Specified conditions established by the Secretary conCerned are met. b. The date upon which the military Service obligation Will expire. c. The date by which the member must Submit evidence Of Satisfactory Completion of the Specified conditions. 3. If the member Submits evidence of Completion of the Specified Conditions but the Military Department proposes to issue a disCharge other than an Honorable Discharge, the Notification Procedure Shall be used. An Administrative Board is not required at this point notwithstanding the member’s years of Service. 4. If the member does not Submit. Such information on or before the date Specified in the notice, no further proceedings are required. The character of discharge at the completion of the military Service obligation Shall be the same as the character of Service upon transfer from the Selected Reserve to the IR.R. 5. The following requirements apply to the notices required by SubSections E.1. and E.2. of this part, 3. a. Reasonable effort Should be made to furnish copies of the notice to the member through personal contact by a representative of the Command. In Such a case, a Written acknowledgment of the notice shall be obtained. b. If the member Cannot be COntacted Or refuses to acknowledge receipt of the notice, the notice shall be sent by registered or Certified mail, return receipt requested (or by an equivalent form of notice if Such Service by U.S. Mail is not available for delivery at an address OutSide the United States) to the most recent address furnished by the member as an address for receipt Or forwarding of official mail. The individual who mails the notification shall prepare a Sworn Affidavit of Service by Mail (see 32 CFR part 100 (DoD Directive 1215.13)), which will be inserted in the member’s personnel file together with PS FOrm 3800. F. Additional Requirements for Members Begyond Military Control by Reason of Unauthori2ed Absence. 1. Determination of applicability. If the general Court-martial Convening authority or higher authority determines that Separation is Otherwise appropriate under this part, a member may be separated without return to military control in One or more of the following circumstances: a. Absence without authority after receiving notice of initiation of Separation processl11g. b. When prosecution of a member who is absent without authority appears to be barred by the statute of limitations, Article 43, UCMJ. C. When a member who is an alien is absent Without leave and appears to have gone to a foreign country where the United States has no authority to apprehend the member under a treaty or Other agreement. 2. Notice. Prior to execution of the Separation under paragraphs 1.b. Or 1.C., the member will be notified Of the imminent action by registered mail or certified mail, return receipt requested (or by an equivalent form of Notice if Such service by U.S. Mail is not available for delivery at an address OutSide the United States) to the member’s last known address or the next of kin under regulations prescribed by the Military Department Concerned. The notice Shall COntain the matter Set forth in SubSections B.1. Or C.1.,