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anger, and very gently and mildly exhorted me to greater carefulness in future. After his departure. my father informed me that he was the Rev. Mr. Cutler, of Hamilton, and that he was a very wise and learned man. Some years after, I was apprenticed to an apothecary in this place, and Dr. Cutler frequently visited my master's shop. I recollect his calm, gentle, and dignified demeanor, and his imposing personal appearance; and he appeared to me to be an oracle, from his familiar acquaintance with our indigenous medical plants, about the botany of which he frequently conversed."
Mr. Ira Cheever, of Chelsea, gives his recollections in the following letter:
“ It was my privilege to be intimately acquainted with that venerable and beloved man, the late Dr. Cutler of Hamilton, during the last few years of his life. Reminiscences of this intercourse I will furnish with pleasure. Dr. Cutler's recital of his first introduction to Dr. Franklin made a vivid impression on my inind. It was, I think, on his first journey to Philadelphia. Ile had a letter from a distinguished acquaintance of Dr. Franklin. He said : “As I walked up the avenue to his house, I reflected, I am going into the presence of a great man—one who had stood before kings and the mighty ones of the earth. I hesitated; my knees smote together; but I could not retreat. I was greatly surprised to see in Dr. Franklin a small, lively, old man in his morning-gown, perfectly simple and unaffected in his appearance and manners. He immediately recognized me as the author of a botanical work—invited me to walk in his spacious and elegant garden ; and in five minutes I felt as free and as much at home with him as with my own family or my most intimate friend.
“ My personal acquaintance with Dr. Cutler commenced in December, 1819, when I went to Hamilton as a school-teacher; and my own feelings concerning him were precisely similar to the foregoing. I was invited to tea with him on a certain evening-having frequently heard him preach, and knowing him to be a stately gentleman of the old school. I was extremely embarrassed, young as I then was, on being obliged to enter, as it were, into companionship and sustain conver
sation with one so dignified and distinguished, but, as in his case with Dr. Franklin, I was perfectly at ease in a few mo. ments; and from that time commenced an intimacy, delightful and instructive to me beyond that afforded me by any other man, and which continued till his death, in July, 1823. Being for some time out of employment, I often passed several hours a day in his study, hearing from his lips the relation of incidents respecting his journey to Ohio ; and of the prominent men and events while he was a member of Congress, particularly of John Randolph, and of the debate concerning the increase of the navy; of his journey to the White Mountains, eating fried rattlesnake in one of the huts, etc.; but I forbear. These and other things about him, of his wise counsel, of his unbounded influence in the community where he livell, and of his faithfulness as a pastor and friend for more than half a century ; but these have doubtless been communicated by abler persons than myself.”
Dr. Cutler's interest in the intellectual advancement of the young people of his charge was constant, and manifested itself in the careful supervision of the public schools, in securing the most competent teachers and the best methods of instruction, and was not relaxed until the infirmities of age forbaile the effort. The Private Boarding School, which he began near the close of the Revolutionary War, and continued, except during temporary absences, for thirty-five years, had afforded instruction in that period to hundreds of youth from abroad, and also to many who came, as day-scholars, from families in his own parish.* The fact that he had so much to
*In a letter written in September, 1953, the venerable Jonathan P. Felt, of Salem, Massachusetts, gives a partial list of persons from that vicinity who attended Dr. Cutler's school, as follows:
"... In the first place, from my friend, Captain Samuel Dudley Tucker, a gentleman having a good knowledge of many of our oldest inhabitants, he gives me the names of some who went to the Doctor's school. He names three, Nathaniel Silsbee, Willard Peele, and Andrew Oliver.
Nathaniel Silsbee became one of the earliest East India captains, and a member of the East India Marine Society, and afterward a successful merchant in the Trade to the East Indies. He has been in our State Legislature, a representative and Speaker in one, if not in both
do in forming the principles and training the minds of those over whom he was so long placed, may account for the remarkable unanimity with which they acted in religious and
Houses. Ile was many years a Representative in the House, and a Senator for twelve years in the Senate of the U. S.
Willard Peele became one of our eminent merchants and large shipowners, and for many years was Master of the Marine Society.
Daniel Oliver belonged to an ancient and highly respectable family. He did not go to sea. Captain Tucker speaks of an uncommon severe storm of snow and hail taking place wbile they were at the Doctor's, so that, when they came home, their route was over the center of Wenham Pond, no roads having been made on the regular route.
Captain Holten J. Breed and Captain Ephraim Symonds were among the students in navigation of Dr. Cutler in 1803. The latter died some years since, a highly respected ship-master of Salem. Captain Breed, after some time spent in studying navigation, became one of our most successful East India Captains (a member of the Marine Society), and during the late War with England, was commander of a number of our private armed ships, cruising all the War with great success; but some of the strongest of the enemy made stout resistance, which he always overcame.
Captain William Molloy was another of the Doctor's scholars. lle died some years ago, after many years of successful navigation, and a commander during the late War with England.
John Leach and Thomas Holmes were students in navigation, John Leach died young, when mate of a vessel. Captain Ilolmes, after studying with the Doctor, and sailing many years a ship-ma-ter, became a merchant at Cayenne, S. America. At present living in Salem
Jonathan Willard Peele, son of the above named Willad Peele, says, besides his father and lathaniel Silsbee, Dr. Oliver Hubbard was at Dr. Cutler's school. Dr. Ilubbard went out to the East Indies as surgeon of the ship America, of Salem; John Crowninshield, commander. After his return, he practiced as a physician in Salem, and died a few years since, leaving a large property to his relatives.
Captain Zachariah Silsbee, brother of Vathaniel, also one of the students, was many years a captain to the East Indies, and has since been living on shore; has been, and now is, concerned in the trade to the East Indies.
Also Joshua Goodale, supercargo to the East Indies, some years a merchant in New Orleans. He spent the latter part of his life in Boston, where he was a Public Weigher of Teas, and died about two years since.
Captain William P. Richardson, as commander of Bark Active, of Salem, was among the very first to engage in the trade of the Feejee
political matters, and the undoubted influence he possessed in the community.
Ile was himself orthodox in his belief, and from the pulpit, 'as well as by oral instruction and teaching, the “ Westminster
Islands and Canton, since when the trade has much increased. He was a merchant many years in Salem, where he died.
Captain Daniel Treadwell, of Ipswich, was at school in 1810. During the War, was an officer of the private armed ship America, of Salem; afterward, a ship-master from Bosion. He died some years since.
Daniel Pierce, of Salem, went to Sea, but died very young.
Francis Dodge, of Hamilton, became a successful merchant at Georgetown, D. C., where he died a few years sivce.
Captain Ebenezer Dodge, several years a ship-master, and a long time an extensive Flour Merchant in Salem. Benjamin Knowlton, of II milton. Timothy Appleton, of Hamilton. Captain Parker Brown, of Hamilton, a pupil, and many years a ship-master; afterward, a merchant at San Francisco. He is now at Salem, but is soon to return to San Francisco.
Captain Brown names as Dr. Cutler's pupils:
Captain Jacob Berry, a ship-master from Salem, in the East India trade. Married Lavinia Cutler, daughter of Dr. Cutler.
(aptain William Francis, after being a ship-master, remained on shore, a mechanic in Danvers.
Captain Zachariah Lamson, of Beverly, many years a ship-master; alterward, a merchant in South America, where he died.
Fitch Poole, of Dauvers. Married Betsey Cutler, youngest daughter of Dr. C.
Captain Elisha Whitney, of Beverly, many years a ship-master to the East Indies and Europe. Died at Beverly.
Benjamin Flodges, of Salem, went to Sea, but died very young.
Henry Blanchard, of Wenham, some years Supercargo to the East Indies from Salem.
Francis Blanchard, of Wenham, a merchant in Boston some years, where he died.
Rogers Treadwell, of Ipswich went to Sea; died young.
Benjamin Chapman, many years a slip-master; died a little over a year since.
William Luscomb, of Salem, a very respectable mechanic, died many years ago.
Captain William Fairfield, of Salem. In 1810, he commanded ship Margaret, from Naples, for Salen. On the passage, in a heavy gale, she was capsized, from which she partly righted, which enabled those on board her to remain on deck, she being full of water, in which situation she was left by Captain Fairfield and a boat's crew, who were picked up; afterward, another boat lest, with about five more, who
Catechism,” which, he said, “ contained all the fundamental doctrines of the Bible,” he sought to establish his people in the same faith. He, however, availed himself of Sundayschools as a valuable aid, and established one in his church as early as 1811. He had endeavored to interest the youth in the object, and one Communion Sabbath, after the two sermons were over, and an interval of ten minutes had passed, Dr. Cutler opened his first Sunday-school, of which he writes in his diary : “I began Sunday-school. Between forty and fifty attended, of which thirty-five were females. Read a chapter, which I expounded. Repeated twenty answers in the catechism. I asked them where the text was, morning and afternoon, and the heads of the sermons.” For several weeks he conducted and taught the school without assistance. It was an experiment, not the thoroughly organized institution it afterward became. Before it closed for the winter, he writes: “Sunday-school very full; about 80 males and females. Made two classes. Mr. Azor Brown assisted.”
Dr. Cutler, as early as 1780, had united, with Messrs. Cleaveland, Dana, and Frisbie, in the observance of a Quarterly Fast and Concert of Prayer for the coming of Christ's kingdom. These meetings were held in rotation in the four churches, and the pastors alternately delivered a discourse prepared for the occasion. The venerable Mr. Cleaveland died in 1799, Mr. Frisbie, who had much of the missionary spirit, died in 1806, but their successors continued to observe the Quarterly Fast. Dr. Dana and Dr. Cutler lived to witness the ordination of many missionaries, for the home and foreign field, and rejoiced in the hope of a triumphant future for the Church of God on earth.
Dr. Cutler was in the habit of holding meetings, for worship and instruction, in the houses of his parishioners in different parts of the town. These were generally well attended.
were also picked up. Those who remained, part died, and part were probably lost with the wreck. For particulars, see Felt's Annals, Vol. 2, page 326.
Elliot Woodbury, of Beverly, a long time respectable ship-master, now living in Beverly; and Jacob Woodbury, of Beverly, for many years a respectable ship-master, also still living in Beverly."