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January 10, 1795, at a meeting held in Marietta, the Directors resolved : “ That the Committee appointed by a resolution of the 9th of November, 1790, for the purpose of ascertaining and designating the two townships reserved for the benefit of a university, ... be requested to be ready to go up the Great Hockhocking with the Directors as soon as the season will permit, for the completion of the business for which they were appointed, and that the Superintendent furnish a surveyor and a suitable number of hands for the occasion, also fifteen men as a guard, ... and that a suitable number of canoes or barges be provided for transporting the necessary provisions." This was a strange introduction of the higher classics to the North-west. In a fleet of canoes, propelled by the power of the setting pole against the swift and narrow channel of the Great Hockhocking, accompanied by armed guards against the lurking savages, and carrying with them the pork, beans, and hard tack that made up their rough fare, the committee of old veterans of three wars proceeded to fix, with compass and chain, the boundaries of the University lands. There was little of culture and polish in the undertaking, but rifles, canoes, and salt pork were never put to a better use.
Of all the plans for the future involved in the purchase, this one of a University was, perhaps, the favorite with Dr. Cutler. He prepared with great care the charter for it, which, adopted with some changes by the legislature of the State of Ohio, gave to this first-born college of the West its start in life.
The first name on the list of its alumni, 1815, is that of Thomas Ewing, as a pioneer—the wood-chopper of the salt works, but as the fruit of a well-planted seed—the student, lawyer, United States Senator and Secretary, the peer of any man in the state or nation.
President Charles W. Super, of the Ohio University, in his Report, dated November 16, 1885, says: “ The record shows that in the space of seventy years, that is, from 1815 to 1885, the trustees conferred 489 regular and 75 honorary degrees. That of B.A. was conferred 280 times; of B.S., 65 times; of
B.Ph., 5 times; and of A.M., 239 times. The honorary degree of A.M. was conferred 45 times; that of D.D. 16 times; and that of LL.D. 7 times. The record is one upon which we may look with pardonable pride, for it contains the names of not a few men who have made their mark in the various walks of civil life. And yet it does not contain the names of thousands who received all their literary education at the Ohio University. It will not be far from the truth to say, that out of every twenty students who entered the institution and attended its classes, but one remained long enough to earn a degree."
Jan. 3, Fri., 1800. Studied hard.
Jan. 5, Lord's Day. Preached. Sacrament. Very full meeting; many staid at communion; three admitted to the church.
Jan. 7, Tues. Went to town to hear Mr. Frisbie's Oration on the death of General Washington. Well entertained. Drank tea at Mr. Frisbie's.
Jan. 17, Fri. About home. In the evening, (daughter) Lavinia went with me to Mr. Eph. Dodge's, where were a collection of young people. Very rainy night.
Jan. 19, Lord's Day. Preached. Pretty full meeting, though very windy; extraordinary attention.
Jan. 21, 22. Visited the schools. The committee all present.
Jan. 29, Wed. (At Boston.) Extremely cold and clear. Attended the meeting of the Academy; not full. Meeting adjourned to the Old Senate Chamber, to meet on the 19th February, when Mr. Davis is to deliver a eulogy on General Washington, in Brattle Street Meeting House. Dined at Dr. Lathrop's, and came home.
Feb. 6, 7, 8. At home. Studied hard.
Feb. 18, Tues. Attended a meeting in the evening at the school-house (Backside). Large collection of people, Spaulding’s men, Deacon Hindman, etc. Preached without notes, from present and not preconceived thoughts, for the first time in my life. Deacon Whipple went and returned with me.
Feb. 22, Sat. The natal day of the late General Washington. By recommendation of the General Government, this day was solemnly observed as a day of mourning through the United States. Dr. Lakeman was appointed to deliver an Oration here. At 11 o'clock A. M., a procession was formed in front of the Meeting House-militia officers and troopers in uniform, scholars from the four schools and the four masters, citizens under forty, citizens above forty, strangers, selectinen and committee, minister and Orator. The procession moved toward Wenham; turned, and came up to the front of the Meeting House ; opened, and the rear came forward, and in this order went into the Meeting House. Exercise began with an Ode for the 22d of February. I prayed. Funeral Anthem. Dr. Lakeman delivered a Eulogy. Funeral Dirge, and benediction concluded the solemnity. Procession again formed, and moved into the burying-yard, and round it by the walls, and came out in front of the Meeting House, displayed, faced inward, moved through from the rear, and dispersed. Mr. John Woodbury, Jr., and Mr. Jonathan Whipple acted as Marshals. Very crowded assembly; many from upper parish in Beverly and Wenham. Great solemnity and decorum observed through the whole. Mr. Dow present, and dined with us.
Feb. 27, Thurs. Preached a lecture at Widow Howard's, on account of her age and infirmities. Large collection of people. Spent the evening with a number of young people at Lieutenant Safford's.
Feb. 28, Fri. Colonel Dodge, Mrs. Cutler, and I dined at Mr. Sam'l Adams'. Mr. Whitridge and wife with us afternoon and evening. A very agreeable visit.
Mar. 3, Mon. Spent the day in the back part of the Town. Spent the evening at Mr. Jonathan Dodge's. A number of young people present. Conversed on particular religious points.
Mar. 6, 7. Studied.
Mar. 10, Mon. Spent the day about town, and the evening at Jonathan Dodge's; a number of serious people present.
Mar. 13, 14, 15. Studied hard.
Mar. 19, Wed. Went in the afternoon to Mr. George Dodge's. Going very bad, but a considerable collection of
Mar. 22, 26, 28, 29. Studied hard.
Apr. 3, Thurs. Annual Fast in this Commonwealth. Preached to a very full meeting.
Apr. 6, Lord's Day. Preached. Sacrament. Very full meeting; nine persons admitted to the Church ; whole congregation tarried ; very solemn. Several strangers.
Apr. 7, Mon. Town meeting added 60 dollars to my settlement. Votes for Governor: Strong, 64; Gill, 10. Mr. Bodily here.
Apr. 10, Thurs. Meeting in the evening at Mr. G. Dodge's.
Apr. 17, Thurs. Lecture at Mr. John Goodhue's, on account of his long confinement. Spent the evening at a meeting at Lieutenant Safford's.
Apr. 30, Wed. At Mr. McKeen's lecture, and preached. N.E. storm. Very thin lecture.
May 2, Fri. Afternoon went fishing with Cochran and Multimore. Caught white perch.
May 11, Lord's Day. Sacrament. Preached. Six admitted to communion ; one baptised.
May 12, Mon. About home. Town meeting for choosing Representatives. The people took it in their heads to choose me representative.
May 13, Tues. Association at Malden. Mr. Emerson, of Boston, preached. Mr. William Multimore and Mr. Peter Cochran went with me, whom I proposed to the Association for examination as candidates for the Ministry. They were examined and approbated. Came home.
May 26, Mon. Mr. Parish dined here. P. M., Mrs. C. and I went to Dr. Torrey's.
May 27, Tues. Dr. Torrey went with me to Winnisimet Ferry, and brought my horse back. Went over to Boston, and attended the Academy at the new room in the State House. Not very full meeting. Dined at Mr. Hitchborn’s, and took lodgings at Mr. Williams'.
May 28, Wed. Election. Took my seat in the House of Representatives, with Mr. Blanchard and Major Swasey.
Qualified with the House, which was pretty full. Walked in procession to the Meeting House with Mr. Blanchard. Court escorted by the Co. of Cadets, and returned. Dined at Mr. Bill Smith's. P. M., attended Court.
May 29, Thurs. Attended Court. Committee sent to Governor Strong, at Judge Dana's, reported his acceptance. Mr. Strong had only 100 votes over majority. Dined at Dr. Howard's, with a large number of ministers. I could not be spared to attend Convention. Chose Executive Council. Spent the evening at Mr. Hitchborn's.
May 30, Fri. Large number of men on horseback, and a great number of carriages, went out to Judge Dana's to escort the Governor into town. Saluted by Company of Artillery at Charlestown, Copp's Hill, and Boston Common. He met the two Houses at 12, and was qualified. Vast crowd of people. I dined at Mr. Samʼl Gardner's, and afternoon attended the House. Went to Stone Chapel. The Charitable Fire Company met there. Excellent music. Oration by Mr. Quincy. Many people, and large collection.
May 31, Sat. Came home early in the morning with Dr. , Lakeman, who came to Town last night.
June 1, Lord's Day. Preached. Pretty full meeting, of our own people, principally.
June 2, Mon. Went early to Boston with Bill, who brought horse and chaise back. Attended Court about an hour, when the House adjourned until to-morrow. The Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company came to the State House to conduct His Excellency, the Governor, and the Council, to the Meeting House. Mr. Kelly preached the Artillery Election Sermon. Dined with the Company at Faneuil Hall. Attended, at the Common, the ceremony of the old officers resigning their badges to the Governor, and the new officers receiving them. Very great concourse of people.
June 3, Tues. Attended the House. At 12, his Excellency met the two branches. The crowd of spectators was great. The Governor delivered his speech memoriter, and in a most impressive and graceful manner. When the Governor, Council, and Senate had returned, the Speaker of the House read the speech again. A committee was chosen to return an an