dren have a greater interest than myself, and which it may be in your power to promote. I am just going off the stage, and any mark of respect that can be shown to me in this world, I consider of very little consequence to myself, but may be of some to my posterity. It is this : That, as the College is now established, there might be some memento preserved in it, respecting the obtaining so large a fund as the two townships, which I was the sole instrument of procuring, tho' not the real donor ; such as the name of some building, or hall, or some other object of less consequence-merely preservative of the name. This is no more than has been invariably customary in all the colleges in New England.

I will only add,
Your affectionate parent,




SAMUEL Taggart, Rufus Putnam- DIARIES FOR 1806 TO 1516–


LAT. 48° 53', Long. 16°, July 1, 1805.) To Rev. Dr. CUTLER.

Reverend and Dear Sir:-I embarked with my fellow passengers on the 3d of June. Our progress hitherto has been slow and tedious, having had no wind, since we left Boston, which was actually fair, and we have sailed close hauled on the wind the greatest part of the time. So prevalent have been the breezes from the Southward and Eastward, that we have thought constancy, an attribute hitherto denied them, might be given to the winds.

I have seen fewer marine productions than I expected. The Fucus natans occurred but seldom, and instead of fields of it, I saw only detached pieces. Some of these I took, and found on them two species of Cancer; one of these seems to be Cancer minutus, and the other approaches the Cancer pennaccus, though it does not perfectly accord with any species in the 12th edition of the Syst. Nat.

The Portugese Man of War of the sailors is a very curious animal, and may be called Medusa cristata. Its form is oval, its body inflated with air, which keeps it afloat; and the crest, which answers the purpose of a sail, occupies the length of the back. The tentacula occupy the anterior and inferior part of it. ... The tentacula are surprisingly extensible, so that they may be lengthened three fathoms, or contracted to two inches. Other species of Medusa have presented themselves, some of which are very beautiful, and one I found phosphorescent, or giving a most beautiful and vivid light in the night. Several other gelatinous animals abound in the

ocean, of wonderful structure and exquisite transparency. The Fucus natans is beautifully incrusted with Flustra foliacea. A small shark was taken yesterday. It proved to be the Squalus glaucus, the back of a fine blue-slate color.

I took with me the Medical Repository of Dr. Mitchill, and find, in the number for August, September, and October, that M. Rafinesque has found that the canvas-back is the Anas ferina of Linné. I confess I feel a little vexed that Dr. Mitchill or Dr. Barton have not done, this before, and that we are obliged to a foreigner for the name of a bird which has been so long celebrated; and I am ashamed, too, that this bird should be known to the wise men of the South more as a tid-bit, a gulae irritamentum, than as a link in the chain of nature. Now, the Anas ferina has been known to me several years. A gunner at Kittery brought me a pair of them, I believe, ten years ago, so that it is sometimes found in our waters; and the Vallisneria, as I believe I mentioned to you, is found in the Artichoke. As the plant which M. Rafinesque says is its food is found with us, the bird may also be reckoned one of ours.

I avail myself of a little leisure which I have while at sea to write you ; but, having much to do, must break off rather abruptly. It will serve, however, to assure you that I am not forgetful of your many kindnesses, and that I am, my dear Sir, Your very affectionate and obliged friend and servant,


[From Colonel Benj. Tallmadge.]

WASHINGTON, Jan. 23, 1806. Dear Sir:- ... The House of Representatives have been engaged for a fortnight past in confidential business. I wish it was proper for me to communicate to you the subjects as well as the manner of the debates. Knowing the characters who appeared in the debate, I am persuaded you would be greatly pleased with a history of this interesting transaction.

I was at Mr. Merry's last Saturday, when Mrs. Merry remembered her old friend Dr. Cutler very cordially.

Mr. Wright, of the Senate, has brought in a bill offering a bounty of $200 to any person who shall shoot a British officer, if he should attempt to impress him. Its other provisions are the most singular of any that I remember to have seen. The spirit of the nation seems to run high against the British Government and Nation. I am, dear Sir, sincerely yours,


[From Colonel Benj. Tallmadge.]

WASHINGTON, Feb. 19, 1806. Dear Sir:-I have now before me your letters of January 29th and February 8th. It would afford me peculiar pleasure if I was at liberty to give you the Details of our late secret session. The attempt to remove the injunction of secrecy has been more than once made, but without success. The truth is, our exclusive republican Brethren, those dear Lovers of the people, do not think it safe (at least for their own reputations) to trust them with the knowledge of all their political Intrigues. For my own part, I could wish that every person in the U. S. could have witnessed the passing scenes. One thing I will venture to predict, that whenever the secret gets out, the world will wonder that so much Importance has been bestowed on such an event.

The schism which has taken place between Northern and Southern Democrats looks to be of the irreconcilable nature that it never can be healed. J. Randolph and some of his fast friends lead the Southern Junto; while Bidwell, General Varnum, Crowninshield, and General Thomas, appear to manage the Northern Phalanx. In many trials of strength their force has appeared to be so nearly balanced that the weight of the little Federal band has given a preponderating turn to the balance. In some contests, Randolph has kept the field of Argument, alone, against the whole host of his guards or brethren, and even silenced their batteries. Ilis attacks have been general or personal, as best suited his purpose; and, in some of his philippics, the gall of his heart was poured forth without mixture. Epithets have, in consequence, attached to certain Characters, which they can not shake off, and which we sometimes think prevents them from over much talking. You will undoubtedly recollect the peculiar nasal sound of General — 's voice. Randolph called it a “sepulchral tone,” or, “ in the language of the common prayer book, might be either said or sing." General Varnum he has styled sworn Interpreter of Presidential Messages, etc. Bidwell is manifestly not a little mortified, and speaks but rarely, especially when R. is present.

If you ask me what good is to result from all this, I must say, perhaps no lasting good, inasmuch as it has been uniformly found to be true, that whenever the principles of the party are attacked, they will immediately unite as in a common Cause.

The Senate have not yet sent us the St. Domingo Bill. When it comes, I presume we shall follow the measures of the Senate. In fact, the dignified spirit of our country has either fled or sleeps. I am affectionately and sincerely yours,


[From Colonel Tallmadge.]

WASHINGTON, April 2, 1806. Dear Sir :-Yesterday we had one of the proudest days that has fallen to our lot during the session. Early in the day, Jno. Randolph offered a Resolution (after the Galleries were cleared) to take off the injunction of Secrecy from the Members relative to our proceedings during the late sittings in Conclave. Early, of Georgia, moved to postpone the consideration indefinitely. This was considered to be tantamount to a negative, and brought on a warm discussion. Mr. R. took a very wide range indeed, and pelted the Secretary of State severely. He pronounced him either ignorant of his Duty, or wicked in executing it. In fact, he finally declared that he (the Sec’y of State) had made proposals to take the money from the Treasury, before Congress convened, to purchase the Floridas, and trust to a future appropriation to cover this nefarions Confuct. This brought up Smilie, Findley, Eppes, Bidwell, Early, etc., but R. silenced them all. In

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