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been extended as far as the circumstances of our country would admit them to go. Most shameful advantage of a naturally social and facetious disposition has been attempted to the utmost. In the concluding pleas by Mr. Nicholson and Rooney, there was no bitterness, and, though feeble, they were unexceptionable. But Randolph, who closed on the part of the managers, has brought upon himself general contempt, and, with his own party, regret and reproach. We had the mortification to sit and hear, for more than three hours, the most outrageous invectives against the Judge, and fulsome panegyrics upon himself and his party. In the midst of his harangue, the fellow cried like a baby, with clear, sheer madness.
Lut the trial has been conducted with a propriety and solemnity throughout which reflects honor upon the Senate. It must be acknowledged that Burr has displayed much ability, and since the first day I have seen nothing of partiality. But he has heard some things, which it is believed he has sensibly felt. Randolph, in his last speech, undertook to arraign, try, and acquit him for killing Hamilton.
In a few minutes, we go to the Senate Chamber (exactly at 12) to hear the court pronounce the sentence. The Judge is sick, and returned to Baltimore some days past. I leave a blank here to insert the sentence.
The sentence is passed. I took minutes of every vote. The President proposed the question on each article-guilty or not guilty. Each member rose, and pronounced guilty or not guilty. On the first article, guilty, 16; not guilty, 18: second article, guilty, 10; not guilty, 24: third article, guilty, 18; not guilty, 16: fourth article, guilty, 18; not guilty, 16: fifth article, unanimous, not guilty, 31: sixth article, guilty, 4; not guilty, 30: seventh article, guilty, 10; not guilty, 24: eighth article, guilty, 19; not guilty, 15. The President pronounced an acquittal. There were six Democrats who voted not guilty throughout. There was a vast concourse of people, perfect order, and great solemnity.
I expect to set out on Monday. ... We expect the traveling will be much of it excessively bad, but, by the kind
ness of Providence, hope for the pleasure of seeing you in twelve or fifteen days. . . .
M. CUTLER. I would earnestly recommend to you to take the Boston Repository. It is a most excellent paper, and will give you all the trial.
CORRESPONDENCE WITH DR. Stiles, PROFESSOR WIGGLESWORTH, GENERAL
Dr. Cutler's correspondence was very extensive. Comparatively few of his own letters have been recovered, but more are found of those he received, as it was his custom to preserve all such as were of any importance. In the lapse of years, many have disappeared. A portion of those which remain are given in this volume. They indicate the scope of subjects upon which he thought and wrote. The Rev. Dr. Joseph Torrey, late President of the University of Vermont, a grandson of Dr. Cutler, in a letter written to a friend some years since, says: “I always cherished a profound veneration for the memory of my grandfather. The respect with which I was taught to look up to him when I was too young to appreciate his worth, grew upon me the more I became able to understand what he was and what he had accomplished, and no one regrets more than I do the utter neglect shown to the papers he left behind him. Of the greater part of those papers I know nothing, except that they have been scattered and lost. I took pains once, during a short time of leisure, to copy the first part of the journal of his first journey to New York and Philadelphia, on the business of the Ohio lands, and would have copied the other, but could never get hold of it. I have not to this day learned the fate of his extensive correspondence. The many letters from so many of the eminent men of his age, both in the political and scientific world, had they been carefully preserved and kept together, might have been to his posterity a common and enduring legacy. But, so far as I know, they are scattered to the winds. Nobody knows what has become of them.”
The following extract from Dr. Cutler's Diary reveals the fate of some of those manuscripts :
“January 20, 1812. Snowed most of the day; very cold.
When I was called from study to dine, I had very little fire on the hearth, which I took particular care of; but the wood I was burning was split hemlock. Immediately after dinner, the study was found to be filled with thick smoke, and that my writing-desk was on fire. Help soon came, but it was next to impossible to enter the chamber. After some time, the fire was checked. The desk was exceedingly burnt, and most of the contents inside consumed; numerous valuable articles destroyed. A large number of valuable books were on and in the desk, which were consumed or greatly injured. The destruction greater than I can describe. The only way to account for the fire is by the snapping of the hemlock wood. My pocket-book and paper money, about 30 dollars, was consumed. The loss probably 200 dollars. But we have great cause of thankfulness that the house was preserved.”
Temple Cutler, Esq., writes of this event: “A fire in his study, one winter day, when he had left it to dine, communicated with his large writing-desk, which contained many valuable papers, among which were a number of manuscript volumes on scientific subjects, which were destroyed; and also many wills and similar instruments he had in keeping. But, fortunately, most of the latter were easily replaced.”
“Book XIV. Descriptions of American Plants. M. Cutler.” Such is the title-page of a volume of 344 pages, more than half filled with botanical notes made in 1804–7. It is one of a series of volumes on which Dr. Cutler had been engaged for many years, and from which he hoped to develop an extensive work on Botany ; but, at the age of three score years and ten, with feeble health, the loss, by the fire in his study, of so many of these precious volumes, which could not be supplied, prevented the carrying out of this favorite project so nearly accomplished, and was to him a source of life-long regret. Doubtless many choice letters, from distinguished men at this time perished. Little is found of his correspondence with Franklin, Castiglioni, President Adams, Governor Bowdoin, and others with whom he is known to have had frequent communication.
Dr. Cutler's epistolary intercourse, on matters of business and friendship, with General Rufus Putnam, a Director of the
Ohio Company, and superintendent of the settlement at Marietta, Ohio, and Major Winthrop Sargent, Secretary of the Ohio Company, and of the North-western Territory, was very extensive; most of which has been preserved, and copious extracts are given in the first volume, as are also letters from General Samuel Holden Parsons, a Director of the Ohio Company, and Territorial Judge.
Dr. Cutler corresponded with many eminent men in America and Europe, among whom were: the Rev. Dr. Ezra Stiles, President of Yale College; Rev. Dr. Jeremy Belknap, author of the “ History of New Hampshire,” “ The Foresters,” etc.; General Benjamin Lincoln, Secretary of War, and commander of the forces of Massachusetts in Shay's Insurrection ; Dr. Benjamin Smith Barton, author, and Professor of Botany in Philadelphia ; Rev. Dr. Samuel Deane, Portland, Maine, author of "Agricultural Dictionary;" Rev. Dr. Jedidiah Morse, author of " Universal Geography,” “ History of New England,” etc.; Dr. William Dandridge Peck, Professor of Natural History, Harvard University ; Rev. Dr. IIenry Mullenberg, Lancaster, Pa., botanist, and author of “ Catalogus Plantarum Amer. Septent.," etc.; Mr. Gustaf Paykull, zoologist, Counselor of the King of Sweden, author of “Fauna Sueciæ ;' Dr. Olof Swartz, Stockholm, Sweden, botanist, author of “ Flora Indiæ Occidentalis;" Prof. C. S. Rafinesque, Palermo, Sicily, author of " Natural History,” in French, Italian, and English; Prof. J. Ranalds Forster, University of Halle, Prussia ; Chevalier Andrea Murray, Professor of Botany and Materia Medica, University of Goettingen, Germany; Count Castiglioni, Milan, Italy, botanist ; Dr. Jonathan Stokes, botanist, England ; Hon. Timothy Pickering, statesman, U. S. Senator from Massachusetts; Hon. Ebenezer Hazard, U.S. PostmasterGeneral, author of “ Historical Collections ;" Hon. Nathan Dane, LL.D., member of Congress from Massachusetts ; IIon. Samuel Taggart, minister of Coleraine, and member of Congress, Mass.; Colonel Benjamin Tallmadge, Treasurer of Ohio Company, and member of Congress from Connecticut. With some of the persons mentioned Dr. Cutler's correspondence was voluminous, and many distinguished names might be added to the list.