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each to twenty-four chapels, a number the many observations I had already which has long since been erected. jotted down as to the state of religious
feeling in Spain ; and I could not help SIGNS OF THE TIMES. “There are reflecting-with how much truth might periods of comparative calm and stagna- both the educated and uneducated tion, and then times of gradual swelling Spaniard of to-day say with the poor and upheaving of the deep, till some boatman, “My religion is broken down."" great billow slowly rears its crest above The decay of religious faith is the surface, higher and still higher, to shown by conversation in the social the last; when, with a mighty con- circles of Spain, especially among the vulsion, amid foam and spray, and more ardent of the Republicans. There
noise of many waters,' it topples over are three different names by which Reand bursts in thunder upon the beach, publican Spain calls her sons--atheists, bearing the flood-line higher than before. those indifferent to religion at all, and In the eyes of those who have watched freethinkers. The creed of the atheist intelligently the signs of the times it is something of this nature.
A man seems that some such wave as this is reads little, prays little, thinks a good even now gathering beneath us, a deeper deal, and observes a good deal. He and broader wave than has ever yet come to the conclusion that to sin is arisen. No partial and temporary rip- according to nature, and therefore that pling of the surface is it now, but a He who has proclaimed that to sin is whole mass of living thought seems worthy of blame, and shall be punished, steadily and slowly upheaved, and the cannot be the Author of Nature. The ocean is moved to its depths." These position of the indifferent is less defined, words of Miss Cobbe are quoted by Dr. and more common. It is a state of Carpenter as an introduction to a lecture heart and mind which does not care at on the “Psychology of Belief ;” and all for religion ; yet would, and does he continues the subject by remarking, saunter into church and listen to the “The experience of the last ten years music, and to the sermon if at all a strik. has so fully justified this grave warning, ing one. There is one reason why the that it duly becomes who truly care clergy of Spain have so completely lost for their own and their children's wel- their hold on the minds of men ; their fare to look well to the foundations of sermons never fairly meet a doubt, seldom their beliefs, which are likely soon to indicate the moral teaching of Christ. be tested by such a wave as has never The freethinker is one who chooses to before tried their solidity. New methods think for himself, and embrace that creed of research, new bodies of facts, new which he believes best for his temporal modes of interpretation, new orders of and external welfare. It denotes what is ideas, are concurring to drive onward a called in England, Broad Churchism.' flood which will bear with unprecedented This freedom of religious thought, which force against our whole fabric of doc. came in with the Republic, is the type trine ; and no edifice is safe against its of the modern statesman, orator, and undermining power that is not firmly literary man of Spain. The population bedded on the solid rock of truth." of Spain is sixteen millions, and twelve
millions are unable either to read or SPAIN. -- A writer in Macmillan's write. The state of religious feeling Magazine has contributed a series of among the uncducated, in the towns of interesting articles on the political and the interior, in the fishing villages of the social condition of this country. The coast, in the vineyard or the olive press, last of these articles treats of the “Decay may be sunimed up in three words: superof Faith in Spain.' It
thus : stition, carelessness, blind discontent. My religion has broken down.' “If it' be true," says this writer, "as Such was the hopeless sentiment—a has often been asserted, that when, dursentiment rendered doubly mournful by ing the great French Revolution, Sundays the simplicity of the language, and the were abolished, and every day of the seven position of the speaker-expressed to was a working-day—if it be true that me a few nights since by a poor Spanish the abolishing of the prescribed day of boatman. The train of thought which rest, and the incessant strain of work these bitter words led to, urged me to caused by it, led to disease of mind, and throw together into a connected form in many cases to lunacy, one can but
tremble for this country, for it seems sterling. It had established itself in that Sunday is often wholly, and the the United States of America, Canada, Feast-days partially ignored. The aspect New Zealand, Australia, Western and of the Church herself
is wholly stagnant, Southern Africa." with her 42,000 clergy, whose charges are fearfully demoralized, and in the BIBLICAL PSYCHOLOGY.-The Rev. J. interior, utterly ignorant, men who are B. Heard, M. A., Caius Coll., Cambridge, joyless, religionless, mindless ; one looks in an ably written paper on the “Psyin vain for tidings of the newly endowed chology of the Old Testament,” pubhome, the fresh school walls, the con- lished in the Bible Educator, part 8, pp. gress, or the midnight mission. The 126-131, after commenting upon the faded dresses, and in many cases the Hebraic view of the relation between worn and sad countenances of the clergy, soul and body, and stating that Ter. all point not to life, but to a slow decay.” tullian and some other of the Fathers
opined “that soul and body are related WESLEYANISM.—At a meeting of the as form and essence, and that even out Wesleyan Lay Home Mission, Lord of the body the soul retained a filmy Shaftesbury, who was in the chair, is shadowy form corresponding to that reported to have said :-“ He was glad with which it was clothed upon when in they were not going to incorporate them- the body," says: “In this point of view selves with any other institution. So the soul was the formative principle of satisfied was he with the operations of the body-an opinion which the younger the Wesleyan body, and the good they Fichte has revived and to which Swedenwere doing and would do if they main borg also inclined. ... The lines of tained their Protestant independence, Spenser express the same thoughtthat he advised them to keep indepen- * For of the sonl the body form doth take, dent. Some spoke of the Wesleyans as
For soul is form and coth the body make' a body joining the Church of England. This doctrine of correspondence may not His advice to them was, “Do no such be the whole truth on a subject conthing.' He saw the necessity of having fessedly mysterious and beyond our the Church of England kept in check grasp at present, but it, at least, does and control by such a body as the Wes. not contradict any higher truth. leyans were. He was certain that a vast The end of Revelation being practical, number of people (and they had not not speculative, it left the mouruer at reached by any means the lower strata the door of the sepulchre ; it did not of society) scarcely ever came out of the roll away the stone which was very street in which they were born, and they great. On the other hand it would not could only be reached by diving into the let him quench the lamp of hope or recesses in which they lived." In a lec. allow that death was a perpetual sleep." ture recently delivered at Batley, on “ Methodisni and its Heroes,” the Rev. J. F. Moody said that “Methodism had nected with the laying of a memorial
Giving.–At a public meeting con. in England 7000 chapels, built at a cost stone at Burnt Ash Congregational of over £12,000,000; 1300 ordained ministers ; 3500 local preachers; be
Church, Lee, Kent, the Rev. David tween 300,000 and 400,000 church mem
Thomas, of Bristol, is reported to have
said, “In Bristol they had a way of bers, upwards of a million attending its ininistry; over 600,000 Sunday scholars, not that they were richer than in other
opening chapels without debt. It was and 120,000 day-scholars in first-class educational establishments."
places, but their standard of giving had
At the been raised. Those who were in the laying of the corner-stone of a Primitive habit of giving a guinea now gave notes. Methodist Chapel in the Keighley First Circuit, the Rev. J. Dodsworth said that would not be regarded in London as rich
Many of the most liberal contributors “ the Primitive Methodists were a So. ciety which numbered, sixty years ago, would be diffused throughout London,
He trusted that a similar spirit only ten persons, but had now 160,000 and that it would be productive of great members, 1000 ministers, 14,000 lay results. preachers, 300,000 scholars, 6000 preaching places, and church property valued FOREIGN AND COLONIAL MISSIONS. – at nearly a million and a quarter pounds The Committze appointed by minutes
147 and 148 of the last General Con- lated, in fervid and poetical language, ference to procure the aid needed by our the many applications of its protean foreign brethren met and organized, with powers; and then traced its correspon. Dr. Bayley as Chairman. Mr. Elliott, dence in Scripture, confirming the truths Secretary of the Swedenborg Society, of the spiritual representation from the Mr. Coster, Vice-Consul for Sweden in uses in the lower plane of nature. The London, and Messrs. A. Gallico and peroration carried the subject into the Jos. Gallico were proposed as additional body politic from the initiaments of the members of the Committeľ, and Mr. family through the nation out into the Watson was appointed Treasurer. Mr. whole world. Watson reported that on February 3d The discussion that ensued was perhe sent a remittance to Mr. Boyesen in haps more than usually varied and inCopenhagen of £15, 8s. 10d., of which teresting. The deeply-seated truths of £11, 8s. 10d. was the balance of the the doctrine of correspondences were Lancashire Distress Fund in his hands, seen vividly, and traced through many and £3, 10s.--the balance of the Chicago a varied ramification of form and use ; Relief Fund in the hands of the Rev. R. and all present felt that they left richer L. Tafel. Resolved, that the Treasurer in understanding than they had come. be instructed to make these two remittances the first items in his account. SWEDENBORG SOCIETY. - Notice of Resolved also, that £10, received from an intention to propose the following Dr. Jackson in Portland, Oregon, for alteration of the rules, at the annual the Italian Mission, be transferred to the meeting of the Society to be held in general account in favour of Italy. - Dr. June 1874, has been forwarded to the Bayley reported £110, 17s. as received Committee :-“ First, That rule 5 he. by him for the Scandinavian and Italian rescinded, and that the following be rule Blissions, which sum was transferred 5, “At all general meetings, every life by him to the Treasurer of the Foreign member of the age of twenty shall be and Colonial Mission Fund. The entitled to vote when and so soon as the separate items of which this sum con- donation conferring such vote on him or sists are acknowledged on the wrapper her shall have been paid for the period of the Repository under the heading of of three calendar months ; and every “Foreign and Colonial Mission Fund.” annual subscriber of 10s. and upwards, It was resolved that the two Missions in of the age of twenty, shall be entitled to Denmark and Italy be encouraged dur- vote when and so soon as the first pay. ing the present year to the extent of ment of the subseription conferring such £50; and that Conference be requested vote on him or her shall have been made to continue this grant for three years, for the like period, provided always, as the amount to be raised by special sub- regards every life member and annual subscriptions. Resolved, that Dr. Bayley scriber becoming such after the passing prepare a sketch of regulations for the of these rules, that his or her name and government of the Foreign and Colonial address shall have been reported to the Missions Committee for the considera. Committee, and entered on the minutes tion of Conference, in agreement with of a meeting of the Committee for the minute 147.-R. L. TAFEL, Secretary. like period of three calendar months.
Provided also, that no member shall be SWEDENBORG READING SOCIETY, 36 entitled to more than one vote except Bloomsbury Street.-At the fifth general those who as life members have prior meeting for the present session, on the to this date, June 1874, acquired the 19th February, Mr. Appelbee read a right of more votes than one by a prevaluable and instructive paper on the vious rule of the Society, In reference “ Hand and its Correspondences.” He to all such, their right of using the referred first to its anatomical structure, number of votes they have so acquired and the wonderful and beautiful manner shall continue.' Second, That rule 7 in which the Divine Wisdom was shown be rescinded, and that rule 8 be made in its adaptation to every variety of use rule 7, and so on throughout. Third, and exertion of power. He showed how That the present rule 19 be rescinded, its delicate sensibility of touch rendered and that the following become according it capable of supplying, in case of need, to the new numbering rule 18, “The the absence of eye or ear.
He recapitu- mode of the election of the Committee
shall be by voting payers containing the having taken an active part in them, names of all members who are eligible. and been the means, we trust, of Every member qualified to vote, wher- awakening in many an interest in, and ever residing, whose address is known a love for, the heavenly doctrines of the to the secretary, shall have sent to him New Church, which will, under Divine or her by the secretary one of the voting Providence, bear a rich harvest of good papers, at least one week before the fruit. The issue by the Swedenborg Society meeting for such election, and such of “The True Christian Religion' at the member may vote for twelve persons on trifling cost of 2s. per copy has enabled such list by placing a mark against the our Colporteur to dispose of over 120 name of each, and signing his or her copies of this invaluable work. In name at the bottom of the paper (if a audition to “The True Christian Reli. life member before June 1874, stating gion,' 75 vols. of the Arcana Cælestia, how many votes are claimed). The 84 vols. of the Apocalypse Explained,' voting paper may then either be sent and over 100 other works by Swedenborg, by post to the secretary, or delivered by have been disposed of. To these must hand at the meeting to the scrutineers be added 1630 collateral New Church appointed, or given to a friend for that Works by various authors, making a purpose. The scrutineers shall then total of books sold during the past year examine, verify, and cast up the num- of over 2000 volumes.” ber of votes, and report the result to the The report expresses ' deep sorrow Chairman, by whom it shall be declared in having to record the removal into the to the meeting. If more than twelve spiritual world of the late James Grim. names are marked the voting paper will shaw, Esq., who, ever since the combe invalid.” The notice is signed by mencement of the Association, has taken E. H. Bayley, T. H. Elliott, Thomas a deep interest in its welfare, and both Watson, John Presland, R. Gunton. by liberal pecuniary help and by other
means, has been indefatigable in promot. ACCRINGTON NEW JERUSALEM ing its success.” CHURCH MISSIONARY AND COLPORT- After this statement of the valuable AGE REPORT FOR THE YEAR 1873.--We services rendered by this Association, have received a copy of this report, which our readers will read with pain the conwe transfer almost entire to our pages. cluding paragraph of this report, which is We regret that any circumstance should as follows :="Considering that this Ashave been permitted to interrupt the sociation has been entirely supported by progress and labours of so promising an the private subscriptions of a few, and organization, and cannot but hope that that our late lamented friend (Mr. Grimmeans will be supplied to continue and shaw) was such a generous contributor, extend its usefulness :
the loss seems irreparable, and we are' “ The labours of the Association dur. reluctantly compelled to draw our ing the past year, says the report, labours to a close, not without a hope, “ both as regards the Missionary and however, that the good work may be Colportage branches, have been carried still more efficiently carried on by on with vigour, and have been attended others ; the past labours of this Associawith gratifying results. Blackburn, tion having abundantly proved that Darwen, Heywood, Burnley, and Padi- there is a wide field of usefulness, ham have been again visited by our which, hitherto, has been left almost Colporteur, and in addition to this, he untouched by the New Church, and has opened up new ground for the dis. which is seems a pity to neglect.' semination of the New Church doctrines The amount of work performed during in several places. The Colporteur has the year 1873 is thus summarized :paid visits to Ribchester, Langho, 260 days spent in Missionary and Whalley, Clitheroe, and Sabden, and Colportage work. has taken advantage of every oppor.
48 Sermons preached. tunity offered by these visits of sell- 52 Reading and Conversational Meet. ing books and distributing tracts. At ings held. each of these places, too, meetings 8000 Tracts and Pamphlets gratuitously have been held for the purpose of read. distributed. ing and conversing upon the doetrines 2000 Books, Pamphlets, Tracts, etc., of the New Church, our Colporteur sold as stateù above.
The contributions to the society are by thoroughly in earnest, actuated by an four contributors, and amount to £100, ardent love for the Lord and the Church, 3s. 2d. The total income, arising from a love so ardent as to predominate over these subscriptions, sale of books, and a all other loves, we should be so strong small balance, was £186, Os. 8d. The So- that we should carry all before us. I ciety appears to have an unexhausted stock am afraid that the best and wisest of us of books of the value of £14, 12s. 6d. do little more than understand in theory
the faith which can remove mountains. BLACKBURN— Testimonial to J. H. As a church we are sadly wanting in Moore, Esq.-Mr. Moore, who removed enthusiasm-I do not mean enthusiasm a few months ago to Leeds, after a of the noisy, declamatory sort, but that sojourn of upwards of three years at quiet, unobtrusive earnestness which Blackburn, was presented, in February, will command success when louder with a very excellent portrait in oil of demonstrations fail. I would like to himself, by the New Church Society and see our enthusiasm showing itself, first, Sunday scholars, among whom he has in urging us to a regular and punctual performed many valuable uses, and attendance upon public worship, and worthily won their sincerest respect. that not from a selfish motive. It often The artist chosen to paint the portrait appears to me that our motive in attendwas Mr. John Gilder of Bradford, York. ing church is imperfect. We go, as we shire, who is a New Churchman, which think, to get good, to receive spiritual enhances the value of the picture. In food ; but it appears to me that we reply to the letter which accompanied should also go with the express purpose the picture and expressed the sentiments of doing good. Our presence at worship of the Society, Mr. Moore returned a is distinctly a help and encouragement lengthened reply, from which we give to others who are there. Every worshipthe following extract :
per contributes something to improve “The portrait I shall cherish as one and strengthen the sphere. Consequently of the most valued of the several tokens every one who is absent from his or her of kindly feeling which I have at different place deteriorates or detracts from it. times received during the last fifteen There is nothing so chilling as a thin years : and this not only for its value as and scattered congregation; those who a work of art, which is considerable, but compose it feel dispirited, and, as it because of the evident sincerity and were, frozen. We should therefore atdepth of feeling on your part, which has tend worship for the sake of our neighprompted you to give it. I rejoice to bour, just as much as for our own good, know that during the three years of my and we shall find that in consulting the residence at Blackburn, I have been by good and happiness of others, we best Divine mercy enabled to perform uses of secure our own. many kinds amongst you, and that the humble and imperfect services which I CHESTER.-A course of lectures has have rendered have generally proved been arranged at this city. They are acceptable. I am not exempt from the delivered in the Town Hall, which will liability to err ; but in all that I did seat about five hundred people. Over among you, I was actuated by a sincere two hundred and fifty persons attended desire for the prosperity of the Church the first lecture, which was given by and school ; and I am glad to learn Mr. Ramage. At the time of giving that the leading principles by which the lecture it was not known that any my conduct was guided are so far ac- reporters were present, although several ceptable to the Society, that you con- persons were observed to be taking notes. tinue to govern yourselves by the same But on the Saturday following the folrules. So long as you do this, I have no lowing notice appeared in the Chester fear as regards the future of the Church. Chronicle :She may again and again pass through “ Christian Philosophy.
Whether seasons of storm and
trouble, but will Christ was ‘myth, man, or the supreme never be seriously shaken ; on the con- God,' was the subject of a most eloquent trary, her seasons of trial will be sancti- address by Mr. Ramage, of Kersley, at fied to her purification. I have often the Town Hall, on Thursday evening. thought and sometimes said, that if only Starting with the assertion that all mo. we could as New Church people, be dern religious beliefs were centred round