inherent in the most interior degrees of not been great, but the light has been their substance, form, and use.

kept shining, and frequently as many as

FORTY assemble to worship on Sunday MELBOURNE – ORDINATION OF MR. evenings, and many happy seasons have PAYTEN. - The Derby and Chesterfield been enjoyed in their modest room. On Reporter of January 30th, contains the the third week in January they had a teafollowing :-—"Ordination Service at the party to celebrate the attainment of his New Jerusalem Church.-Mr. Thomas EIGHTIETH year by their worthyold leader, Kidd Payten, who for seven years past and ninety-two assembled together. has officiated as minister of the Society After tea, Mr. Rous drew attention to worshipping in the above church, was the solemn feelings that press upon a on Sunday afternoon last admitted by thoughtful person who has attained an ordination into the ministry of the New age like his, and felt naturally how near Church. The ordaining minister was he had arrived to his eternal home. He the Rev. E. Madeley of Birmingham. explained how necessary it was to know The secretary and deacon, as the re- the nature of the future state that we presentatives of the Society, having pre- might prepare for it, and he read the sented Mr. Payten for ordination at the views which have been entertained by communion table, the ordaining minister different people recorded in T. C. R. n. opened the service by the Lord's Prayer 160, which he introduced as the views and an address explanatory of the ser- of eminent persons a hundred years ago. vice of ordination, after which was He urged in a most solemn manner that received the candidate's profession of the young and all who heard him should Faith; and a considerable nuinber of attain right views of heaven, and then questions followed, embracing all the live so as to gain two heavens, the one leading doctrines of the Church which a heavenly home on earth, and the other required affirmative answers from the the everlasting heaven hereafter. Ancandidate, and a promise of fidelity in other gentleman also addressed the meetthe performance of all his duties, accord- ing; after which a succession of reading to the best of his knowledge and ings, recitations and singing formed the ability as a minister of the New Church. remainder of a very delightful and edifyThe ordination prayer was then offered ing evening. It is to be hoped that the up, and the act of ordination proceeded efforts of our venerable friend to sow with, the candidate kneeling. The good seed will sooner or later prove a charge and exhortation to the minister blessing to many souls, and that a was then given by the officiating min- society may be formed and flourish in ister in a very impressive manner, and that important town of our east coast, was followed by the general thanks- which will hold in cherished remengiving and glorification. In the evening brance the kind heart and noble aims of a sermon was delivered by the Rev. E. the good old octogenarian Mr. Rous. Madeley, expounding the teaching of Holy Seripture respecting the office and WIDOW OF

LATE PROFESSOR duties of a minister, and exhorting the George Bush.— The amount of subscripnewly-ordained minister to fidelity and tions received for this lady is about £44, prudent zeal in the discharge of his and it is proposed to keep the list open duties

. The services were felt to be until the end of the present month of solemnly impressive and edifying, and March, up to which time further contrihopes are entertained that they will not butions will be thankfully received by only add to the efficiency of the min. Rev. John PRESLAND, ister's labours at Melbourne, but also to 25 Rochester Square, London, N.W. his usefulness to the Church at large.”

Mr. Thomas WATSON,

19 Highbury Crescent, London, N. YARMOUTI-Mr. Rous on the attainment of his 80th year.-It will be known APPEAL FOR AID TO PUBLISH A LIFs by many of our readers, that for some of the Rev. John CLOWES. --The dis. years Mr. Rous, fishmerchant, of London semination the knowledge of the docand Yarmouth, has exerted himself to trines of the New Church by every good make the truths of the New Jerusalem and honourable means ought to be the known in the latter town, where he has zealous aim of every reader of Swedenlatterly chiefly resided. The success has borg. With this aim in view, we ap


peal to the Church for aid in a work of Mr. and Mrs. James Holt, of York great importance, and, if successful, of Street, Manchester. The deceased was equally great use. This is the publica- a member of the Salford Society, and tion of the Life and Correspondence for some years filled the offices of of the Rev. John Clowes, by the late secretary to the Sunday school and the George Harrison, Esq." This deeply Junior Members' Society. During his interesting work contains a large amount connection with the Sunday school he of information respecting that truly great also gave it important aid by his serand heavenly-minded apostle of the New vices at the harmonium; and likewise Church not yet in the possession of the rendered excellent service at the piano public. The book is calculated to cause in inost of our social meetings. Coninquiry, and, if extensively circulated, sumption ultimately compelled him to will, no doubt, by the Lord's blessing, withdraw from these labours, and from effect much good. Mr. Harrison's MS. his attendance at church, and at last reniemoir and materials have since his moved him to the eternal world in the death been in the possession of his son- twenty-eighth year of his age. His in-law, Mr Compton, who has gladly remains were interred in the Heywood availed himself of the valuable co-opera- Cemetery, and his memory will long be tion of Mr. Boyle. No pains will be held in fond remembrance, not only by spared in making the work complete, his family, but also by a wide circle of and interesting not only to the New friends. Church public, but to the clergy and others, who may be disposed to inquire Rev. WOODBURY M. FERNALD.— The into the views of Swedenborg and the Messenger of January 21st contains an life of a clergyman so universally re: obituary notice of this minister, who spected as Mr. Clowes. It is intended passed into the spiritual world, after a that the work shall be published at cost few days' sickness, on the 10th day of price, which will probably be from five December 1873. “He was a man of to seven shillings per copy, according to much activity of thought, fervency of the number printed. Subscribers will feeling, and honesty of purpose, as may receive, when the book is published, a be seen and felt in the spirit of the full return to the amount of their sub- books and sermons he has publishedscriptions. These, which will be duly "God in His Providence,' the 'Life of acknowledged, may be sent to Mr. Professor Bush,' a 'Compendium' from THEODORE COMPTON, Winscombe, near Swedenborg's theological works in a Weston-super-Mare ; or Mr. J. R. large volume.” Mr. Fernald “was BOYLE, Bacup, near Manchester. charitable and broad in his views of the

Church, saying in the preface of his Birth.

book on God in His Providence,' On January 28, 1874, at 79 Lisson 'while we hold ourselves in strong Grove, Marylebone, the wife of Mr. Ed. sympathy with the Church universal, win Parr of a daughter.

we believe also that God is at this day

forming out of the good of all the various Marriages.

sects a New Church answering to

John's description of the New JeruOn January 13th, at the New Jeru. salem. We would not, therefore, be salem Church, Old Lane, Worsley, by understood as writing for any sect or Mr. Thos. Mackereth, F.R.A.S., Mr. organization or particular body of men. John Bowker to Miss Mary Jane Cooke, We are heart-sick of sectarianism in all both of Swinton.

its forms.'" The leading study and On January 15th, at the same place of effort of his mind for many years has worship, by Mr. Mackereth, Mr. Thomas been to obtain a satisfactory knowledge Evans of Chorley, to Miss Alice Thomas of spiritual substance and spiritual life. Monks, youngest daughter of Mr. Robert “And he has now gone into the other Monks, of Rose Hill House, Clifton, world with a cheerful and undoubted near Manchester,

hope of finding a happy home, suited to

his state and wants, where he will soon Obituary.

meet the friends he has left behind, Removed to the spiritual world on who are indeed many in numbers and January 20th, Robert Holt, the son of warm in regard."

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Light and Liberty are most intimately associated. Darkness is restraint and captivity to the sight, as light is its freedom and enfranchisement. “Light,” says the wise man, “is sweet, and it is a pleasant thing to see the sun ;” and it will be found that a primary element of the pleasure thence derived is the sense of liberty which the presence of light confers, enabling us to expatiate o'er all around. Space, which enters so largely into our ideas both of the beautiful and sublime, does so by conveying to the mind the sense of freedom and greatness—the first, by its non-opposition, suggesting liberty; the second, by its non-limitation, suggesting infinity. But it is obvious that without light space would, in this respect, be synonymous with nothing; and however it may be metaphysically considered apart from light, it is only as illuminated space or illimitable light that it can be regarded as a constituent of those gentler or grander emotions of our nature to which we attach the epithets of beauty and sublimity. And methinks this sense of freedom and greatness is at once a reminiscence and a foreshadowing of man's original liberty and dignity as the freeman of the universe, and "the heir of the world,” lost in the first, and restored in the second Adam. Hence the feeling of property connected with the æsthetic enjoyment of nature. “I feel the same enjoyment;" says Addison, "in the prospect of groves and meadows that another does in their possession;" or, as the same thought is admirably varied



by Emerson, “The farm is Smith's, the mill and the stream are Browne's, but the landscape is mine." And still more forcibly as well as beautifully is this "inheritance in nature" expressed by Cowper in lines which, though well known, are too apposite to be omitted

“ He (the Christian) looks abroad into the varied fields

Of Nature, and though poor perhaps compared
With those whose mansions glitter in his sight,
Calls the delightful scenery all his own.
His are the mountains, and the valleys his,
And the resplendent rivers ; his to enjoy
With a propriety which none can feel,
But who, with humble confidence inspired,
Can lift to Heaven an unpresumptuous eye,

And smiling, say, “My Father made them all.' The close relation of light to liberty is clearly recognised in the Scriptures. We shall just instance that passage of the evangelical prophet, where, speaking of the gift of eternal life in Christ, he describes Him as given “for a covenant of the people, for a light of the Gentiles; to open the blind eyes, to bring the prisoners out of the prison, and them that sit in darkness out of the prison-house" (Isa. xlii. 6, 7; see also xlix. 8, 9).

But light is thus intimately associated not only with liberty, but with life, of which it is the most appropriate, expressive, and most delightful emblem, as indeed it is an essential element. It is, therefore, the most complete eldos, form or idea, of eternal life, forfeited in the fall, and restored in the incarnation of the Divine Word. In proof of this we have only to turn to the first chapter of John, where light and the Eternal Logos, or manifested life of God, are mentioned as convertible terms—verses 1, 4, 5, 9, with 1 John i. 1, 2,-and in Isa. xlix. 6, 7, Acts xiii. 47, light is synonymous with salvation. “I have set Thee for a light of the Gentiles, that Thou shouldest be for salvation unto the ends of the earth.” And by referring to the foregoing verse, it will be evident that under this form is included “ lasting life ” and “salvation.”

Light, it may be observed, considered as an eidos, or form of everlasting life and salvation, is light in combination with heat or genial warmth. The originial word aur, as is well known to Hebrew scholars, is expressive both of fire and light : from aur is derived aurum, gold, and aurora, or the dawn; and the epithets bestowed by ancient poets on its personification as "golden,” “rosy - fingered," “saffron - robed,” etc., are expressive at cnce of illumination and


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geniality, denoting in combination that life which this delightful inception of day brings to all things, that at its approach seem to awake from the death-sleep induced by night. And the further poetic, or rather mythic, representation of Aurora as opening her gates, implies the previous darkness as a state of captivity. Myth and truth harmonize : our Lord, in reference to His incarnation, is called the East, or the Orient (Ezek. xliii. 2); and His “going forth” is said to be "prepared as the morning" (Hos. vi. 3). The intervening or intercepting power is called “ the power of darkness” (Luke xxii. 53); and this is as effectually taken away as the gloomy shadows of night are dispersed by the cheering dawn, which both in the natural and spiritual degree is “heaven opened.” The beloved disciple's summation of Gospel truth accordingly is, The darkness is past, and the True Light now shineth(1 John ii. 8).

But, as in the case of the captive, there is a subjective as well as an objective darkness. Through the night, sight is of little use, and the

. eye is better closed in sleep than in trying to penetrate the surrounding obscurity. But it is miserable to continue in sleep with daylight around us; yet such is the state of fallen man. In an atmosphere of life and light he "sleeps the sleep" which, if not broken, will be “of death,” and he is as if night still enclosed him in her ebon prisonhouse : hence the prophet, speaking on the part of such as are in this state, says, “We stumble at noonday as in the night(Isa. lix. 10); and therefore the Apostle says, “Awake thou that sleepest, and arise from the dead, and Christ shall give thee light(Eph. v. 14). The man spiritually awaking gets light in the same way that the man does who awakes naturally-namely, by entering into the enjoyment of the light already arisen.

Joy and exhilaration are the first effects of waking both to the light of this world and “the light of life,” but both also communicate vitality and action. The man who wakes to the former is anxious to shake off everything connected or associated with the darkness in which he has slept, and while his first enjoyment of the light is necessarily passive, he soon proceeds to a more active participation of the new-found blessing. Much more is this the case with him who awakes to the higher light. “For ye were sometime darkness, but now are ye light in the Lord; walk as children of light; for the fruit of the Spirit is in all goodness, and righteousness, and truth” (Eph. v. 8, 9). From this it is evident that under the all-comprehensive term, light, are included “all goodness, righteousness, and truth,” like all colours and

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