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schools; and persons of all ranks are successfully learning the useful arts. The change which has taken place in the spirit and habits of those savage tribes is so sudden, deep, and extensive ---so obviously above all human power ---- that he is blind who cannot see in it the working of that Almighty Spirit by whose agency three thousand pei song in Jerusalem were, in one day, converted from Jewish obstí. nacy and unbelief to the faith of Christ.”

Other missionary fields have not been less fruitful. God has crowned the efforts of the Wesleyan Methodists with more than ordinary success. And they have deserved it for no people, in their circumstances, have contributed to the cause so liberally. The sun goes not down on their

They have belted the earth with their missionary operations, and are waxing stronger and stronger every year. Their missionary society was formed in the year 1818, and has steadily advanced until it has become one of the mightiest engines for good in Christendom. Its collections the last year amounted to $503,375, a generous sum, indeed, especially when it is considered that they have first to support the regular church clergy, then their own, and are generally composed of the poorer classes of society.

Nor has God forsaken them at home. Though they have shared the common reproach of Methodists, they have exerted an increasingly powerful influence to the present moment. Said Mr. Watson, “It might almost be said of us, "So the people shall dwell alone. The high churchman has persecuted us because we are separatists; the high dissenter has often looked upon us with hostility, because we would not see that an establishment necessarily, and in se, involved a sin against the supremacy of Christ; the rigid Calvinist has disliked us, because we hold the redemp tion of all men; the palagianized Arminian, because we con

tend for salvation by grace ; the Antinomian, because we insist upon the perpetual obligation of the moral law; the moralist, because we exalt faith; the disaffected, because we hold that loyalty and religion are inseparable ; the politi cal tory, because he cannot think that separatists from the church can be loyal to the throne; the philosopher, because he deems us fanatics; while some infidel liberals, generally exclude us from all share in their liberality, except it be in their liberality of abuse. In the meantime, we have occasionally been favored with a smile, though somewhat of a condescending one, from the lofty churchman, and often with a fraterual embrace from pious and liberal dissenters; and, if we act upon the principles left us by our great founder, we shall make a meek and lowly temper an essential part of our religion; and, after his example, move onward in the path of doing good, through “honor ad dis. honor, through evil report and good report, remembering that one fundamental principle of Wesleyan Methodism is anti-sectarianism and a catholic spirit."

Every weapon formed against them has most signally failed. An early application to Parliament for an alteration in the Toleration Act, that would have been ruinous to them had it been successful, resulted in an alteration in their favor. An appeal made to the Courts of Chancery, to break down Mr. Wesley's Deed of Declaration and subvert the Discipline, not only failed of its object, but established the Deed more firmly than ever, by procuring it the sanction of Mr. vice-chancellor Shadwell, and of lord chancellor Lyndhurst. And so of the movements of certain trustees and others, who have seemed desirous of tearing up the old Wesleyan track; they have only established it the more firmly, by attracting attention to its solidity and adaptation to its objects.

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Nor have attacks upon their doctrines succeeded better. At no period have they lacked either men or means to vindicate themselves in this respect; and by circulating the wellselected sermons, biographies, and commentaries of their book room broadcast over the land, they have been able to extend and establish the heart-stirring truths of Methodism, in spite of all the learning and sophistry that have been arrayed against them. The enemies' attacks, often made upon leading men, have been equally fruitless.

Those men have uniformly survived the storm, and even shone the brighter for the shadow that was cast upon them. And we have no doubt this will be the experience of themselves and their successors in the future, while they strive to keep our rules, and not to mend them."

In the progress of events they have been able to adopt measures for the full support of all their itinerant minis. ters, whether in effective service or superannuated ; and years have elapsed since one had to fear the want of bread in entering their ministry. This has, no doubt, operated favorably on the cause. Men, good and true, have been secured to the work, who might have spent their energies in a less useful way, had the idea of becoming itinerants been identified with that of starvation, or suífering the want of the necessaries of life. To enter a ministry, even with a lucid conviction of a call to preach, in the certain prospect of poverty and dependence, and perhaps of great suffering therefrom, requires more grace than men generally enjoy. Where there is one who will do it, we apprehend there are many who, though constrained by conscience to preach the gospel, would impose some restrictions upon their preferences, and, as a matter of apparent necessity, enter the work in another branch of the church, where their supplies would be more liberal. We believe Methodism in this country has lost many noble men, whose influence would greatly have accelerated the growth of the church, --men of piety and talent, —- merely by the paucity of the support she has afforded. She may have been saved, by this means, from the curse of a hireling ministry - a ministry that seeks the fleece and not the flock. But we have no doubt the losses have greatly exceeded the gains.

By providing amply for their ministers, not only while in effective service, but when disabled by sickness or old age, the Wesleyans have been enabled to select their men for the itinerant service. The supply of candidates is always abundant, though they only receive single men, unless their wives and children are provided for from other sources. They have also been enabled to hold them rigidly to the work when received, and make them feel that they must be efficient, or retire. And, besides, the people, paying the full amount required, are allowed to be more rigid in their claims than would be modest if they had but half fed their preachers. The advantages are, indeed, numerous, and the Wesleyans have been reaping them for many years.

CHAPTER VI.

WESLEYAN SCHOOLS AND FUNDS.

yet?

Ar the first Conference the question was asked, “ Can we have a Seminary for laborers ?” and answered, “If God spare us till another Conference.” The next year it was inquired, “ Can we have a Seminary for laborers,

To which it was replied, “ Not till God gives us a proper tutor.” The matter did not sleep here, though the object was not soon gained.

A few years after Mr. Wesley's death a pamphlet was published by order of the Conference, showing the importance of a “ plan of instruction” for preachers received on trial. In a letter written by Dr. Adam Clarke, in 1806, he says, “ We want some kind of Seminary for educating such workmen as need not be ashamed. I introduced a conversation on the subject this morning; and the preachers were unanimously of the opinion that some strong efforts should be made without delay, to get such a place estab lished. Every circuit cries out, send us acceptable preachers.' How can we do this? We are obliged to take what offers. The time is coming, and now is, when illiterate piety can do no more for the interest and permanency of the work of God than lettered irreligion did formerly. Sprax!.0, speak speedily, to all our friends! Let us get a plan organized, without delay.” In 1823, and from that time forward, the Conference

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