« VorigeDoorgaan »
ters) to my dear wife and sweet children. town, where I endeavored to come the last I have instructed you in all things for your time I was in Lancashire, as to a place journey. But as to that sad part of it (as where I persuaded myself to be welcome, in to them) I can say nothing: silence, and regard that the people thereof have reason your own looks will best tell your message. to be satisfied in my love and affection to The great God of Heaven strengthen you, them, and now they understand that suffiand prosper and comfort them in this their ciently." great affliction."
When all was ready, and he was about Perhaps the most affecting incident of to lay his head upon the block, he looked Lord Derby's last hours was the appear- towards the church, and, causing the block ance of four condemned gentlemen, who, at to be turned that way, said, his request, were permitted to come forth “I will look towards the sanctuary which from their dungeons to bid him farewell, is above for ever.” and they did so ; with what emotions, it Then bowing himself down, he said, requires no pen of a poor chronicler to de- " The Lord bless my wife and children : scribe.
the Lord bless us all." Lord Derby went to the scaffold amid the A fearful scene ensued. The earl laid tears of the people. His daughters accom- his head upon the block, yet the execupanied him half the way; then the earl, tioner forbore to strike ; so the doomed alighting from his horse, knelt down by the man rose up, and in an agony of tortured coach in which Lady Catharine and Lady feeling exclaimed, Amelia formed a part of the procession, “ What have s done that I die not? and took a solemn leave of them. His Why do you not finish your work ?” voice, ere he bade them farewell, was lifted The appeal was answered by the fatal up in prayer. “This,” says the narrator, blow, given amid a deep silence, broken
was the saddest hour I ever saw," and only by sighs and sobs; and thus fell one well might it be so.
of the many brave spirits of that age. His Like other brave men, the soldier who death has been justly styled one of the had faced death in the field had feared lest worst acts of the Parliament, a “murder in on the scaffold he might shrink from it. At cold blood.” To quote from Clarendon the last hour this apprehension was re- once more :moved. “ I bless God for it, who has put this
“ The king's army was no sooner defeated at comfort and courage into my soul, that I
Worcester, but the Parliament renewed their old can as willingly now lay down my head on commission to erect å high court of justice to per
method of murdering in cold blood, and sent a the block, as ever I did upon a pillow.” sons of ordinary quality, many not being gentle
The night before he had eaten a compe- men, and all notoriously his enemies, to try the tent meal, saying he would imitate his Sa- Earl of Derby for his treason and rebellion ; viour-his supper should be his last act in which they easily found him guilty of, and put this world. Then he bestowed on his son,
him to deaih in a town of their own." Lord Strange, his Order, bidding him re
After the execution of the earl, a slip of turn it to his sovereign, King Charles II., saying that he sent it, in all humility and paper was thrown into his coffin, containing
these lines :gratitude, as he received it, spotless, and free from any stain from his ancestors. “Wit
, bounty, courage, three in one, lie dead; For what an unworthy object was this pure A Stanley's hand, Vere's heart, and Cecil's head." blood shed ! Such was the love entertained for him, that the true-hearted common Such was the tribute, at once to the valor people refused to strike even a nail into of the race and the individual virtues of the his scaffold, saying, “ that since the wars man. they had had many and great losses, but Meantime, where was his countess? How none like this, it being the greatest that bore she her complicated sorrows ? Did her had ever befallen them.”
spirits sink beneath these manifold misforAmidst the fears of a rescue the Earl of tunes, or was Charlotte de la Tremouille Derby was conveyed to his doom. His still undaunted ?--still a worthy descendant parting address shows the estimation in of the great house of Nassau ? which he was held in the place of his exe- She was still quartered in the Isle of Man. cution :
When the earl returned into Lancashire, he “ I come, and am content to die in this left his wife in charge of his Manx territory, appointing Sir Thomas Armstrong governor that the island had been surrendered by under her. On the very night of the Earl Christian on certain articles, She asked of Derby's death, such was the remorseless to see these conditions ; for, in the midst cruelty of his foes, a summons was despatch- of her fears, her presence of mind did not ed to Charlotte de la Tremouille to surren- forsake her. She found that the smaller der the island. It must have reached her islands were not included ; she remembered at the same time that a letter from her that Peele Castle was separated from the husband, full of pathos, and of the sublimi- main land, and begged to go there, in hopes ty which comes of strong feeling, had been of secretly escaping to the Continent. This delivered into her hands. In the narrative was refused; she was cast into prison, and which ensues, we touch upon the ground kept there, reduced to the lowest penury, over which Scott has passed, embellishing her children starving round her, whilst as he went by his flights of fancy the details General Fairfax enjoyed her revenues, and of history, yet not departing widely, as is revelled in his greatness as Lord of Man. often stated, from that foundation. The This happened in the year 1651. Well character of Christian, for instance, so ably might she exclaim, “How long shall the described in Peveril of the Peak, is marvel- Lord suffer these things ?” But she murlously like its original.
mured not, and looked for restitution even Christian was a creature of the Earl of in this life, when the rightful heir to the Derby's bounty, educated at his cost, known crown should again sit upon the throne. to him from his infancy. Lord Derby, above She might remember that, save one empty all suspicion himself, had trusted this man; honor, her late lord had owed nothing to he had given him the charge of his lady and the bounty of Charles II. All the obligachildren—a sacred trust in a dying man; tions were on the king's side ; the earl's he had appointed him captain over the foot- loyalty had not one dash of self-interest to guards in the island. So great was his sup- sully its brightness. In her poverty, thereposed fidelity, such claims were there on his fore, in the gloom of her prison, she hoped. gratitude, that when Sir Thomas Armstrong She buoyed herself up, too, not only with received the summons to surrender, he re- dreams of compensation for the ruinous fused, trusting in the “ loyalty”—such was losses which her young son's estate had inthe word used by the Manx men to the curred, but with the assurance of justice on Earls of Derby-of that miscreant. The his father's judges, for the voice of the characteristics of these islanders (originally nation cried out against them. But she a migration from the Hebrides) seem, in- knew not Charles Stuart; she knew not deed, before the contamination of their the cold, selfish heart, concealed beneath smoky neighbor, Liverpool, reached their the mask of frankness; she knew not the unfrequented shores, greatly to have re- hollow faith, varnished over by courtesy. sembled those of the Highlanders of Scot- Her suit for restitution failed." Then, land. Perfidy was unknown amongst them, writes the historian of the Stanleys, “ her until-why is it that in this life there is great heart, overwhelmed with grief and always an until ?—until parliamentarian endless sorrow, burst in pieces.” She died bribes corrupted them; and demons, in the at Knowsley. forms of Rigby, Birch, and, of a still more Such was the fate of this true heroine. hideous monster, Bradshaw, came to the Whilst the duties of home alone required place to tamper with Christian.
her care, she shone in privacy, pure, yet Upon hearing of the summons to sur- glistening, like the dew-drop on the violet's render, the countess, gathering her children leaf. When extremity changed her path, around her, retreated to Peele, or Pile she came forth, bracing up her energies to Castle, a fort defended by a strong tower, action, and resolved that the honor of her and by a platform, on which cannon were house, that tenacious bond to generous mounted. Hither Sir Thomas Armstrong deeds, should not be lost so long as a woaccompanied her. Secure they believed man's head could contrive means to prethemselves to be, for they believed that serve it, or a woman's influence sway the Christian, who ruled over their forces, was hands of others. true. But could it be credited ? he to whom Her son Charles, eighth earl of Derby, the Earl had given the charge of his help- succeeding to a sad inheritance of sorrow, less widow and orphans, betrayed them to found every thing in confusion. Lathom, Duckenfield and Birch! they were seized my first theme, was demolished, and its in the night, and the countess was then told owner, the young earl, suffered imprison
'ment for the royal cause. For in 1659, on time and avarice. He erected a stately Sir George Booth's rising in Cheshire, he front, intending to rebuild the house in the appeared at the head of a band of Lanca- same style, but did not live to finish his shire gentlemen, but, being defeated, was design. After his death it became the portaken in the garb of a serving man. He tion of his daughter, Lady Henrietta Ashfound half his estates sequestered and burnham, who sold it to Henry Furness, sold, Latham House destroyed, and his Esq. In 1724 it was purchased by Sir affairs in the utmost confusion ; scarcely Thomas Boodle, and is now in the possesenough, in short, remained to support the sion of Edward Wilbraham Boodle, Esq. dignity of his rank; so that he possessed Sir Thomas Boodle built the present no estate in Lancashire, Cheshire, West- house, from a design of Leoni's, of the moreland, Warwickshire, and Yorkshire, views of which the scientific may judge by but that near it he beheld some lands which consulting the fourth volume of the Vitru
were his own, now passed away to vius Britannicus. It is a fine house, doubtothers. He petitioned parliament for re-less, but it is not our Lathom House. It is dress, and a bill, restoring to him his pro- not the Lathom House of the benevolent perty, was prepared; but, according to Sir Thomas, from whom its name was orisome accounts, it was rejected by the king; ginally derived. It is not the Lathom according to others, it never went into a third House of his lovely daughter, the pride of reading. In either case Charles was to her county, Isabel. It is not the Lathom blame, for his known wishes would have in- House of the foundling, Oskately. It is sured justice. On the front of Knowsley subservient no longer to the bird and bantHouse an inscription to this effect was ling. The motto, “ Sans changer," is enplaced in a subsequent reign :
tirely contradicted by its modern splendors.
It is not even the Lathom House rife with James, earl of Derby, lord of Man and the the dark recollection of the murdered FerIsles, grandson of James earl of Derby, by Char. dinando, or glorious with the memory of the lotte de la Tremouille, daughter of Cloud de la Tremouille, who was beheaded at Bolton, the 15th Charlotte. In the park, however, is a cha
now sainted, and never-to-be-forgotten October, 1651, for strenuously adhering to King Charles II., who refused a bill, unanimously pass pel, founded in the fifteenth century, with ed by both houses of Parliament, for restoring to some alms-houses adjoining, still maintainthe family the estates which he had lost by his loy- ed with its almoner; and hither Isabel may alty to him.”
have sauntered, or Oskately have heard
there from gossiping talk the tale of his Mr. Pennant has thought proper to call origin ; and the fate of Ferdinando have
calumniating inscription,” but the been the winter's evening theme over a log historian of the Stanleys corroborates the fire. fact; and one can only regret that the monarch was beyond the power of public opinion, beyond the influence of shame (if he ever owned it), when this reproach was inscribed.
SHAKSPEARE's House.—The present proprietors Of the other branches of the Stanley fa- of the place of our great poet's birth are, it appears, mily, some brief notice is required. The compelled to sell it by the terms of the will of a forLady Amelia Sophia was married to John mer owner. The house is a freehold, and is valued Murray, marquess of Atholl ; she was the luation has been formed on the number of visitors.
at something like two thousand pounds. This vaancestress of Lord George Murray, who, of in 1846, it was calculated that something like three all that family, the most resembled the thousand people visited the house, though not more Stanleys, being impetuous, brave, haughty, than two thousand five hundred had entered their faithful, and sagacious. The Isle of Man will be sold by auction in the course of the summer, was the portion of Lady Amelia, and pass- and one or two enthusiastic Jonathans have already ed, therefore, into the Atholl family, by arrived from America, determined to see what dol. whom it was sold, I suppose one ought not
lars can do in taking it away. The timbers, it is to regret that measure-to the govern- matter to set it on wheels and make an exhibition of
said, are all sound, and it would be no very difficult ment.
it. We hope and trust that no such desecration awaits One word to the theme with which I set it. Wholly irrespective of Shakspeare, as the only out; one brief, affectionate farewell to La- existing example of an English yeoman's residence
of the reign of Queen Elizabeth, it merits to be prethom. William, ninth earl of Derby, served and retained among us. - Daily News. sought to restore it after the dilapidation of
From Dolman's Magazine.
THE EMPRESS MARIA LOUISA.
BY C. E. JERNINGHAM, ESQ.
Of this Austrian archduchess, who during riages moved slowly away, as if in expectathe brief period of her union with the great- tion of some counter-order. Ten heavy est warrior of modern times, 'occupied so barouches and a long train of luggage vans distinguished and conspicuous a position crowded the palace court-yard. Some among the crowned heads of Europe, it eighty idlers were looking on with the same does not seem uninteresting to follow the sort of silential feeling that the sight of a fortunes into that sphere of comparatively funeral procession might inspire ;--they private life to which by the fall of Napo- were assisting indeed at the obsequies of leon she found herself on a sudden con- the empire. No outward manifestations of signed. Perhaps the annals of human feeling betrayed their emotions, no single grandeur afford no more remarkable vicissi- voice was upraised to express the bitterness tudes than are observable in the contrast of regret produced by so cruel a separation. between the imperial pomps which illustrat- Had it entered the minds of any to cut the ed the nuptial festivities of Maria Louisa, traces of the carriages, the flight had been and the accumulation of disasters under at once prevented, but too much listlessness which she became bereft of all her lofty prevailed, and the empress, with tears in dignities. When for the first time she en- her eyes and despair at her heart, bade an tered the palace of the Tuileries, three eternal adieu to the imperial city. queens had held her bridal train ; when for Having slept the first day at Rambouillet, the last she quitted the beleaguered capital she arrived the second at Chartres, and afin which for a brief space of time she had ter a few days' stay here, in obedience to a reigned the consort of the world's mightiest letter from Napoleon, directed her course to potentate, it was as a despairing fugitive, Blois. From hence she entertained an alreluctantly obeying the stern decrees of most daily correspondence with her husdestiny! The approach of the allied ar- band, whom the force of circumstances had mies, the utter inadequacy of means for the driven to Fontainbleau, and was devising defence of the city, and the written instruc- the means of rejoining him, when the event tions of Napoleon, had compelled Maria of his abdication brought about a new criLouisa to withdraw herself from Paris with sis in her fate. The Count Schouwaloff, a her son, the young king of Rome, the Russian general, and high commissioner of grand dignitaries and officers of state, and the allied powers, arrived at Blois, with ina few personal attendants. The departure structions to escort the empress and her took place on the 29th of April, 1814. son to Orleans. From that moment, the When the moment for starting arrived, the separation of Napoleon and Maria Louisa little king of Rome manifested the most became irrevocable ;-whether by the absodetermined reluctance to go. It seemed as lute decree of ruling and victorious powers, if some fatal presentiment had endowed or by any subsequent reluctance on her him with the faculty of second sight. own part to become involved in the ruined “N'allez pas à Rambouillet,” he cried to fortunes of Bonaparte, appears a dubious his mother, “ C'est un vilain chateau, question. After some days’ delay, in the restons ici." He struggled hard in the course of which the abdication of her husarms of M. de Canisy, the equerry who band and his projected departure for the carried him, grasping the handles of doors island of Elba had rapidly accelerated the and the banisters of the staircase, and ex- march of events, Prince Paul Esterhazy claiming : “Je ne veux pas quitter ma and Prince Wenzel Lichtenstein arrived at maison, je ne veux pas m'en aller, puisque Orleans, deputed by the Emperor of Auspapa est absent, c'est moi qui suis le mai- tria to announce to her the arrrangements
which had been made relatively to her fuThis obstinacy in a child so young pro- ture destinies, and the cession in her favor duced painful surprise in the ninds of the of the duchies of Parma and Placenza. beholders, and appeared to them in the They were also the bearers of her father's light of an ill-omened passage. The car- pressing solicitation, that under their escort she would proceed to join him at Rambouil- of Rome, but the child, as if instinctively let. To this proposition Maria Louisa ac-aware that he was only the object of indisceded, and set out upon the journey the creet curiosity, turned away from his royal same day. The imperial guard had es- visitors with manifest distaste. In a letter corted her as far as Angerville, a little town from Fontainebleau, addressed to M. de some leagues distant from Rambouillet, Menneval, a private secretary of Napoand were here relieved from their attend leon's, whom he had subsequently attached ance by an escort of Russian soldiers. to the personal service of Maria Louisa, the Upon reaching Rambouillet she found all projected visit to her of the Russian and the approaches to that royal residence Prussian sovereigns had been thus alluded guarded by foreign troops, and found her-to. self compelled to await for a couple of days “It is hardly conceivable that the Emthe advent of the Emperor of Austria. He peror of Austria should not feel the imarrived on the 16th of April, accompanied propriety of permitting the Emperor of by Prince Metternich. Maria Louisa re- Russia and the King of Prussia to come to ceived him at the palace gates, with ani- Rambouillet, particularly under the cirmated gestures presented her son to him, cumstances of the empress's indisposition. and in a sorrowful tone uttered a few words He will probably induce them to desist in German. The emperor embraced his from such a project.” grandson, but the young prince appeared On the 22d of April, 1814, arrived at insensible enough to that token of tender- Rambouillet Major-General Count Kinski, ness, eyeing the long serious face of his and his adjutant, Count Desselbrune, with grandfather with wistful ouriosity and as three other staff officers, commissioned to tonishment. “ I am going to see the Em- escort the empress on her journey to Vi. peror of Austria !” had been bis frequent enna. exclamation. “I have seen the emperor On the 25th, under her new title of of Austria, and he is not handsome,” was Princess of Parma, accompanied by Mesthe remark he now as frequently reiterated dames de Montebello and Brignole, Geneto his attendants.
ral Caffarelli, the Barons of St Aignan de During a long private conference which Bausset and de Menneval, Maria Louisa ensued between the Austrian emperor and commenced her homeward pilgrimage. his daughter, he behaved to her with great How must it have contrasted with her joyapparent affection, assuring her that to the ous entry into France but four years before ! events which had taken place in his una- Then triumphal arches, brilliant illuminavoidable absence from Paris, he had not tions, and welcoming multitudes had waybeen a consenting party. Of his grandson laid her at every stage of her progress; he took very marked notice, and promised now the country she traversed was rendered to bestow upon him paternal care and pro- desolate by the ravages of war, the poputection.
lation sullen under the ban of foreign inFrom this time, the empress and her vasion ; and the Austrian troops garrisonchild became the especial charge of Aus- ing the towns that lay on her route, in renitria. The Russian guards that had attend-dering her the usual honors, affectedly aded her, were replaced by two battalions of dressed them to her as the daughter of Austrian infantry. During the period of their sovereign, and not as the ex-Empress her stay at Rambouillet, preparatory to her of France. The young Prince of Parma departure for Vienna, she led a life of was accompanied by his governess, Maseeming affliction, frequently retiring to dame de Montesquieu, and that the jourher chamber, hiding her face with both ney might not fatigue the child, a day or hands, and abandoning herself for hours two's occasional halt relieved its duration. together to all the bitterness of sorrow. From Basle Maria Louisa went to visit the
Maria Louisa was here condemned to re- falls of the Rhine at Schaffhausen, and at ceive the visits of the Emperor of Russia Zurich she lingered with apparent pleasure and King of Prussia, which, under existing amidst the beautiful lake scenery of its circumstances, were to her unacceptable neighborhood. enough. Vainly she strove to conceal be- According to preconcerted design, as neath the ordinary forms of courtesy the soon as Maria Louisa entered the ancient bitter feelings of anguish which the ill-dominions of her father, every manifestation timed intrusion of those potentates revived of delight, by which a loyal people could in her bosom. They desired to see the Kingl testify their attachment to the daughter of