On leaving the king, Talleyrand, highly great benefits, interfered for the same purexcited, observed aloud to his colleagues- pose.

“We have been tricked. The intrigue Talleyrand reposed in the splendor of has long been planned.”

his sinecure, and enjoyed, in his magnificent The retirement of Talleyrand was a hotel in the Rue St. Florentin, all the sosource of infinite relief to Louis XVIII., cial pleasures and high consideration with who, notwithstanding all he owed to the which his great reputation, historic recolgreat diplomatist, never could conquer his lections, brilliant wit, and ample wealth, antipathy towards him. The continual surrounded him. His office was the highest presence and predominant influence of an dignity of the court. Being asked one day understanding so superior was more than in what his functions consisted, he replied, Louis could endure. He complained, ac- smilingcordingly, to his more intimate friends, of “In the first place, I am privileged to the sway which Talleyrand exercised, ren- put on the panels of my coach a coat of dered only more intolerable by the perfect arms, consisting of two gilt keys, crossed courtesy of manner and respectful deference just like his holiness the Pope. In the with which it was accompanied. The king next place, it is I who have the honor of complained that the minister had a way of handing his shirt to his majesty. This is tendering advice which gave it the effect an honor which I only yield to princes of

He would place a report or the blood royal, or legitimate sovereigns. an ordonnance on the table before Louis, At the solemnity of the coronation, I draw and would merely say to him—" I assure the boots on his majesty, and put on his your majesty that this is quite indispensa- tunic. Thus, you see, I limit myself to the ble."

royal toilet. But all this is confined to the The king signed, but champed the bit. coronation, and we shall not have one under One day being unable to repress his vexa- this reign.” tion at his ascendency, he said to one of his Although M. Talleyrand thus spoke with favorites

a tone of levity of his functions, he never"M. Talleyrand has hitherto had all theless adhered with singular tenacity to the tricks, but I have reserved my trumps their most minute observances; none of his for him."

prerogatives were permitted to become dorWhen the opportunity occurred, he ac- mant. He never was absent from the royal cordingly lost no time in playing his trumps, table, where he assumed his seat of honor and winning the trick.

behind the king's chair. On these occaOn his retirement, besides receiving an sions it was the pleasure of Louis to inflict autograph letter of thanks from the king for on such of his household as did not enjoy his services, he was appointed to the high- his personal favor an incessant series of est court dign'ty not connected with the petty annoyances, by word and look. All political administration—that of Grand this Talleyrand bore with the imperturbable Chamberlain, an office which he formerly serenity of manner which characterized him. held under the empire. The salary of this He never forgot his position, or comprosplendid sinecure was a hundred thousand mised his dignity. He loved to appear on francs, equivalent to four thousand pounds all public occasions in the discharge of the sterling." This act of justice was forced ceremonials of his office, as if to throw into upon Louis XVIII. by the Duke of Riche- oblivion his real disfavor in the chateau ; lieu, who succeeded Talleyrand as Premier. and it was no small delight to him to count The king was strongly averse to it. The among the persons subordinate to him the minister, however, plainly foreseeing the Duke de Richelieu, one of the first gentledistrust and indignation which so signal an men of the chamber, who succeeded him as act of royal ingratitude would excite at President of the Council of Ministers. home and abroad, declared to his majesty When Talleyrand would return to his that M. Talleyrand could not be dismissed hotel, from these state observances, he never like any other minister, considering the vast failed to indemnify himself for the self-conservices he had rendered to the House of trol he was compelled to exert. There he Bourbon in 1814, and that no less a re- was the centre, round which assembled the ward was due to him. The Duke of Welling- most distinguished members of the constituton, also, seeing with unmixed regret the in- tional opposition. He did not scruple to justice and ingratitude contemplated to make the government of the Restoration, of wards one who had been the source of such which he was the founder and creator, the victim of his most bitter bon-mots. As a | to be postponed for several weeks. On the member of the opposition, in the Chamber night of the 25th July, Talleyrand sent for of Peers, he delivered only two speeches, one of his intimate friends, whose fortune one against the censorship of the press, and was largely involved in the funds, and inthe other against the Spanish war, These formed him, that in the course of the day produced an effect, which was so much the he had gone to St. Cloud, to seek an augreater because of the rare occasions on dience of the King, to confer with him on which he addressed the Chamber. Talley- the subject of the apprehensions entertained rand, however, was not a great parliamen- by England, to which proceeding he had tary orator. The Chamber was not the been, doubtless, prompted by the English arena in which he shone. His mots uttered embassy, of which, as well as the British in the salons will be repeated when his most Cabinet, he had the confidence. He was successful efforts in parliament will be for- not allowed to see his Majesty. The famigotten.

liars of the Chateau managed matters so, The revolution of July, and its conse- that he was obliged to return to Paris withquences, soon recalled Talleyrand from his out the audience which he sought, and, retirement, and brought him once more, and from what he had observed, he had no for the last time, on the great stage of Eu- doubt that the crisis was.imminent.

" Jouez ropean politics. With his usual instinctive à la baisse,” said he to his friend" on le sagacity, he foresaw the fall of the elder peut.” His friend did so, and was sucbranch of the Bourbons. When the events cessful. which immediately preceded that cata- It may easily be imagined with what instrophe were developing themselves, the agi- terest the retired minister and diplomate, tation on the Bourse was extreme, and spe- and the chief actor in all the great revoluculation assumed vast proportions. A coup tions of the last half century, observed the d'état had long been expected, and financiers progress of the “emeutes” which ended in left no effort untried to gain the earliest and the expulsion of that dynasty, in the overmost correct information of the movements throw of which, in 1790, and the restoraof the Cabinet and the Chateau. The emis- tion of which, in 1814–15, he had so great saries of the great bankers besieged all the a share. On the day of the 29th July, after avenues of the throne. The sacred func- the troops of the line had manifested their tionaries of the church were not left un- indisposition to fire upon the people, and tried, and the gold of commerce was directed the Swiss mercenaries had been repulsed in to elicit the disclosures of the confessional. the courts of the Louvre and the Place du Those who had the ear of the ministers Carousel, a general retrograde movement, were subsidised. It has since become marked by much disorder, took place, and known, that in one instance a great finan- the armed force retreated, pell-mell, through cier, who had risen to wealth under the the garden of the Tuileries, the Rue de Ri. Empire, and under the Restoration, had ac- voli, the Place Louis XV., now called the tually executed articles of agreement before Place de la Concorde, towards the Champs a notary, to pay fifty thousand francs for the Elysées and the Barrière de l'Etoile. Talrough draft of the intended ordonnances, leyrand, in his salon, in which formerly sate provided it were delivered to him before the allied sovereigns, listened to the contheir publication. The fifty thousand francs fused noise. His valet, impelled by irresiswere actually paid, and the speculator tible curiosity, ventured to open one of the played with his expected success for the double casements which look upon the fall. Rothschild, notwithstanding his influ- Place and the garden. “My God, Monence, and extensive sources of information, sieur Keiser !", exclaimed his more cautious was mistaken, and operated for the rise, at master, from the inner extremity of the the moment when the country was on the sumptuous apartment, “what are you brink of a revolution. The Cabinet was, in about ?-are you going to expose the hotel reality, divided, and Rothschild rested his to be pillaged?" "Fear nothing,” res. faith on the minority. Although the minis- ponded M. Keiser," the troops are in full ters were unanimous as to the necessity for retreat, but are not pursued by the poputhe ordonnances, and as to the right of the lace.” “ Indeed !” observed Talleyrand, crown to issue them, they were divided as with a contemplative air ; and walking to the time at which the measure should be slowly to the magnificent time-piece, which executed, and Rothschild acted on the faith formed part of the ornaments over the fireof those who were of opinion that it ought place, he paused, and added in a solemn tone, “ Take a note, that on the 29th of duchess trembling with apprehension at his July, 1830, at five minutes past twelve, the side, as well as Madame Adelaide, his sister, elder branch of the Bourbons ceased to reign who had already, under the same roof, witin France."

nessed the drama of the great Revolution, In the proceedings of the Three Days he decided on taking the counsel of the Talleyrand took no share. It was a ques- safest and most sagacious living adviser. tion between the government and the peo- With this purpose he despatched M. Sebasple, and Talleyrand was no tribune. Had tiani to the Rue St. Florentin with a verbal sovereigns been parties to the affray, he mission, to obtain the counsel of the great would have been called to take a prominent diplomate. When M. Sebastiani arrived at part. But, as matters stood, he was hostile the hotel, he was instantly ushered into the to the dynasty, and unsuited to the popu- dressing-room of Talleyrand, who was then lace. When, however, soon afterwards, the at his toilet. His valet being dismissed, throne, vacated by the unfortunate Charles and the object of his visit being briefly stated X., was offered to the Duke of Orleans, that by the envoy from the Palais Royal, Talleypersonage would not venture to act in so rand paused for a moment with an air of important a matter without the counsel of meditation, but it was only for a moment, the Hotel de St. Florentin. On the 31st when he raised his eye to the messenger, July, at eight o'clock in the morning, a de- with his usual apathetic manner, and said, putation from the Chamber of Deputies pre- “QU'IL ACCEPTE.” sented itself at the Palais Royal. M. Se- Ten minutes after this, the Duke of Orbastiani, on its arrival, entered the cabinet leans re-appeared from his cabinet in the of the Duke of Orleans, and informed him salon, where the deputation waited, and of its arrival. The moment was critical, with promptitude of manner, and an air of and even the prudence and sagacity of decision, signified his acceptance of the Louis Philippe did not inspire him with sovereignty of France. sufficient self-reliance to prompt him to an The proclamation was drawn up, and independent decision on the course to be signed on the spot, and on the same day adopted. A crown was proffered to him was published in Paris. and his posterity, a gift not to be lightly rejected. On the other hand, Charles the Tenth, the direct descendant and representative of a line of kings, the acknowledged

De QUINCEY's GENEROSITY.- Soon after the reand legitimate sovereign of France, was still ceipt of this letter (on my invitation), Mr. De

Quincey called on me. I said, I understood from within a few leagues of Paris, with an army Mr. Coleridge himself

, that he labored under emof twelve thousand men, devoted to his or- barrassment. “Then, said he, ‘I will give him ders. This sovereign, the crown torn from five hundred pounds. Are you serious ? I said. whose head was now offered to the Duke He replied, 'I am. I then inquired, ' Are you of


He said, 'I am.' I then asked, 'Can you of Orleans was, moreover, the near relative, afford it ?' He answered, 'I can,' and continued, the kind friend, and even the benefactor of 'I shall not feel it.' I paused. Well,' I said, 'I the duke. The duchess, a conscientious can know nothing of your circumstances but from and amiable lady, recoiled with undissem- I am willing to become an agent, in any way you

your own statement, and not doubting its accuracy, bled pain and disgust from what appeared | prescribe." "Mr. De Quincey then said, 'I authorize an act of baseness and ingratitude ; not to you to ask Mr. Coleridge if he will accept from a mention the danger attending it, in the con- gentleman, who admires his genius, the sum of five tingency of any reaction or relaxation on absolutely prohibit you from naming to him the

hundred pounds, but remember,' he continued, 'I the part of the populace, which had obtained source whence it was derived.' I remarked : " To a momentary success. The difficulty of the the latter part of your injunction, if you require it, duke, amidst these conflicting considera- I will accede; but although I am deeply interested in tions, was extreme. The inconveniences pels me to recommend you in the first instance, to of a premature acceptance of the crown on present Mr. C. with a smaller sum, and which, if the one hand, and the hazard of letting it you see it right, you can at any time augment. slip from his brows by a formal refusal on Mr. De Quincey then replied,'' Three hundred the other hand, cruelly embarrassed him. pounds I will give him, and you will oblige me by

making this offer of mine to Mr. Coleridge.' I reBeing, however, urgently pressed by the deplied, I will.? I then gave him Mr. Coleridge's putation, he solicited a few minutes' delay, letter, requesting him to put it in his pocket, and

in a day or two Mr. De that he might obtain counsel in so important read it at his leisure.

Quincey enclosed me three hundred pounds, when an emergency, and withdrew with M. Se- I received from Mr. Coleridge his receipt, which I bastiani to his cabinet. Shut up there, the still retain.” — Reminiscences of S. T. Coleridge.


From the Quarterly Review.



years have elapsed since one of our , why three years should have been suffered colleagues first addressed himself to the task to elapse from Sir James Ross's safe reof directing the public mind to the subject turn and the present publication, or why no of Arctic exploration. He has lived to see authorized details of the expedition should many of his expectations justified and we have been made known, other than were hope he may yet see others of them realized. sparingly afforded in Sir W. Hooker's boDuring the interval, those so long honored tanical work of 1843. The purely scientiwith the fruits of his horæ subsecivæ have fic results have doubtless meanwhile been never been inattentive to the progress of privately accessible to those who could that system of discovery which owes so turn them to account. They have, we may much to the suggestions and official encour- be sure, occupied the attention of Gauss agement of that veteran. Few greater and Humboldt and Sabine. They may pleasures, indeed, are ours than when, from have supplied new elements for those wonour literary signal-post, we can make the drous calculations which enable the former number of one of those gallant vessels, re- from his study at Berlin to prick off on the turning“ rough with many a scar” of blood- map, to a near approximation at least, the less conflict with the floe and iceberg, and place of the magnetic pole; they have with its log, one continuous record of dan- probably suggested paragraphs for a new ger and difficulty vanquished by courage volume or a new edition of the “ Cosmos." and intelligence, and of triumphs unpur- To guide the investigations, to correct the chased by other human suffering than the conclusions of such minds as these, is a privoluntary endurance of the wise and brave vilege of which a British sailor may be in pursuit of noble ends. Well pleased proud. have we lingered so long within the confines The more popular results of this expediof that Arctic circle which has been pene- tion, such as are appreciable by the mass of trated by so many expeditions, and with the reading public, lie in a narrow cominterest which accumulates by the hour do pass. The record is not diversified by any we watch for the return of those two ves- encounter with any southern counterpart to sels which are, perhaps, even now working those secluded tribes of the human family their southward course through Behring's who burrow in the furthest regions of the Straits into the Pacific. Should the hap- North, habitable as these regions are, and piness be yet allowed us of witnessing that civilized in comparison with the volcanic return, we are of opinion that the Erebus deserts of the South. No northern exand Terror should be moored henceforth on plorer has, we believe, yet passed the limits either side of the Victory, floating monu- of vegetable life. Even on Melville Island ments of what the Nelsons of discovery can the lichen and the alga yet retain their dare and do at the call of their country in place in the scheme of Nature. But on the the service of the world. Meanwhile these ice-clad peaks of the land discovered by two portentous names, whatever be the fate Sir James Ross not the minutest trace of a of the vessels which own them, are associat- cryptogamous plant is discernible, and the ed with services as brilliant and discove- ocean which freezes to their base, is equally ries as striking, at the extremity of the barren of aquatic vegetation. Some feaglobe antipodean to the region of their tures, however, of the Antarctic region have present employment, as any which have yet a character of far greater sublimity than invited the notice of our columns. That attaches to any scenery yet observed in the such notice has not been sooner invited we North. A continent of vast and, as yet, can only ascribe to the fact, that between unmeasured extent, the northern extremity the task of collecting scientific materials of which is situated in the 71st degree of and that of arranging them for publication south latitude, sheathed in eternal ice from

-of overcoming danger and difficulty, and where its sea-line gives harbor to the seal reciting their Odyssea to the public—there and the penguin, to where its summits, atis all the difference to men of action and taining three or four times the height of enterprise that lies between catching a hare Hecla, like Hecla give vent to subterranean and cooking it. We know no other reason fires ; 'extending at nearly a right angle to

this continent a precipice of ice, varying Dirck Gerritz, who, in his vessel of some from 100 to 150 feet in height, and present- 150 tons, was driven to them by storms in ing for some 500 miles an impervious bar- 1599 from the western entrance to the rier to the bowsprits of

straits of Magellan. It is true that, nearly “Those sons of Albion who, with venturous sails, Gonneville had acquired the reputation of

a century earlier, the French navigator De On distant oceans caught Antarctic gales:"

having discovered a Terra Australis far to these are in themselves objects which, how the south of Africa. Doubts, however, ever briefly described or roughly sketched, have always hung over the precise position must take at once the highest rank among of the country visited, if not discovered, the natural wonders of the world.

by De Gonneville. It was reported extenBefore we proceed to cite the passages in sive and well inhabited, and he brought which these and other memorabilia of Sir away with him a son of its sovereign, an James's expedition are described, we think article of export which could hardly be obit advisable to give, as far as we are able, a tained from the neighborhood of the Anmeasure of this officer's performance by a tarctic circle This prince was adopted by sketch of those of his predecessors. With the Frenchman who had imported or kidrespect to the Arctic circle, this task has napped him, married, and had descendants afforded Sir John Barrow the materials of in France, one of whom, a grandson, bea valuable volume, to which, perhaps, some came a canon of Lisieux and an ambassaadditions might be obtained from the dor. It is to this person we owe an acrecent researches of the Society of Danish count of the voyage of De Gonneville. Antiquaries into the records of early Scan- He was, however, unable to bring any evidinavian navigation. A few lines may dence of the position of the land in quessuffice to convey all we know of Antarctic tion, which, having long been traced ad discovery anterior to the period of Wilkes, libitum on the maps of the Southern Ocean, D'Urville, and Ross. Many obvious causes remains still uncertain, though the probahave contributed to direct the attention of bilities of the case appear to be in favor of governments and independent navigators Madagascar. It was mainly in pursuit of rather to the North Pole than the South. this land, of which distance and uncertainThe dream of an available passage to Ca- ty had magnified the extent and resources, thay has been, like many other visions, that the Breton Kerguelen in 1772 empregnant with practical results. In Eng- barked on the expedition which led to the land, after these visions of mercantile ad- discovery, three years afterwards, acknowvantage had lost their influence, the official ledged and confirmed by Cook, of Kerguedirectors of maritime enterprise have still len Island. Of Captain Cook's expedition, been stimulated by the desire to resolve the thumbed as its record has been, and, we geographical problem of the North-west hope, continues to be, by school-boy hands, passage, and also to map out the configura- it is unnecessary to speak in detail. tion of the continent of North America, Down to 1840 we believe that no navigaand of the great adjacent masses of land- tor of any country but his own had penethus to finish off, as it were, a work which trated beyond the point marked as Cook's has been in progress since the days of furthest on the maps, or with the exception Baffin and Hudson-rather than to break of the Russian Bellinghausen, made any up new ground and seek for the conjectured material addition to his discoveries in those Terra Australis. With the exception of latitudes. Indeed of our own countrymen the expedition of Captain Cook, of which only one had fulfilled the former of these the exploration of the higher southern lati- conditions. This was Captain Weddell, tudes formed but an episode, the Antarctic who, in the year 1822, in a small vessel fitdepartment has, down to a recent period, ted for the whale and seal fishery rather been principally left to the casual efforts of than for discovery, first disproved the existthe whale and seal hunter. The earliest ence of a continental range which had been exploit of importance in its annals of supposed to extend itself immediately to the which any record has come under our notice, south of the islands discovered by Gerritz is the discovery of the islands which now and rediscovered by Smith, and then, purrather unfairly bear the name of the South suing his fortunes between the 30th and Shetland, situated about the 62d degree of 40th degrees of longitude, ran down to the south latitude. They should in justice highest southern latitude yet attained by bear the name of the honest Dutchman man, 749 15'.

A passage in Weddell's

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