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From the Literary Gazette.

FEAR NOT TO DIE.

Amid the starry systems, beyond earth's furthest

reach, I see a Godhead's greatness surpassing human

speech. I see a vast eternity in all, even in my heart; And every cloud dissolves in light as this world's

shores depart. Now for the first time can I read my brother's heart

aright; We all of us are poor and weak, but none are evil

quite.

Fear not to die ! fear not to die !

Fear rather on to live,
Where time must still that rest deny

Only the grave can give;
Fear not oblivion's shadow there-

The glad rest promised thee,
Is that which souls with God shall share

Throughout eternity!
Fear not to die! to rend on earth

The ties that made earth dear;
Believe whate'er life holds of worth

Has least of worth whilst here :
Like those rare dreams that through the night

Our souls with beauty fill,
The past shall have rich floods of light

Whereby to shrine it still.
Fear not to die! the great have died,

The good, the true, the brave;
The loved have early left our side,

And quench'd each joy they gave; Why weakly wish to linger on,

Where such deep shades are thrown, Till, love, and light, and beauty gone,

We tread earth's wastes alone ?

Oh, if we could, while yet on earth, as plainly others

know, As we are known unto ourselves, should we not

grieve them so! In great things and in small alike myself I truly

scan, But 'tis in death that first we learn to know our

brother man ! -My faith is clear, I am so light, am of such bliss

possessed, I feel a strife, an impulse, and yet a heavenly rest !

From Sharpe's Magazine.

THE OLD CLERK'S SOLILOQUY.

W. BRAILSFORD.

Fear not to die! fear mortal sin;

Fear guilt and shame, for those May work that direst death within

Whose night no dawning knows; Fear so lo mar the beautiful

That thou no mre may'st see How near heaven's light-by earth made dull

Has ever been to thee.

“ AMEN," said the clerk, as he closed his book,

With a heavy sigh and groan, " In Nature's sweet pages I'll try to look

For feelings like my own. The mavis sings to his young on the bough, The linnet to its gentle mate I trow,

But I seem alone.

Fear not to die! the perfect love

That casteth out all fear
Shall brightly bear thy soul above

The clouds that fold it here!
The binding chain is wrought in dust

That seeks thy hope to stay;
Let night come on with changeless trust

And wake, and find it day.

“ Ah! dear my child, in the merry greenwood

Thy form was fair to see;
Full many a prayer in its solitude

Have I offered up for thee.
Full many a prayer, for thou wert so young,
Such a halo of beauty o'er the hung-

Yet, 'tis all-all vanity!

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What can it be that shines so ? 'it purifies my sight; I feel my eyes are opened in the glory of this light; Before ihe strength within my soul my head bows

like a reed, And from each bound of meaner kind my heart is

gently freed. In death wings plume our shoulders, so did our

youth believe; Yes, then the wings which lift from change our

panting souls receive.

“Unclasp, old book, I may not see those trees;

I may not list again The rich-toned melodies that swell the breeze,

For aye it gives me pain. Still, all' is vanity, the Preacher saith, Even that gentle life, that saint-like death,

The grave where she is lain."

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QUEEN ISABELLA AND HER MINISTER.-A SCENE. I -The following scene is reported by the Madrid correspondent of the Times, to have taken place at the Palace betwixt the Queen of Spain and her Minister Benavides, on the 25th ultimo, when he waited upon her Majesty to announce to her the refusal of the King to return to the Palace.

On his [Benavides] arrival from the Prado, he proceeded with a heavy heart to the Palace of the Queen. He gave his name to the majordomo on duty, a gentleman bearing a striking resemblance, in solid stateliness, to those mute but expressive Chinese or Hebrew figures in the windows of large grocery establishments, who nod, respectfully familiar, to the passers-by, and invite to the aromatic luxuries within.

"I am Benavides, Minister of Gobernacion, and, I pray an audience of her Majesty," said the Minister, lifting his spectacles with his thumb and finger, in order that the full blaze of his intellectual beauty should produce its effect on the beholder. The silent official nodded and disappeared.

Her Gracious Majesty is a child of nature, a detester of puerile ceremony; she does not at all resemble her solemn predecessor, who allowed his face and hands to be scorched because the proper officer was not near to remove him from the fire, or the fire from him; and still less that other ethereal Queen of Castile, who punished the audacity of the Barcelona manufacturer for having presented her with a pair of silk stockings, thereby presuming that a Queen of Spain could have legs like a mere mortal! Queen Isabella will never allow herself to be reduced to charcoal,-if she can help it; and, alas for the decay of queenly pride, she well knows that she has these useful, though commonplace, members, and rejoices in the robustness and solidity of her understanding. She was at that moment rioting in the freshness of a substantial mutton cutlet, and laughing heartily, from time to time, at one of her unwieldy and dignified attendants, giving vain chase to a favorite and saucy dog that had made too free with the Royal table.

22

"The Minister of Gobernacion," said the lord in waiting, "to demand an audience of your Majesty." "Let the Minister of Gobernacion enter; he comes from Paquo," Royalty is reported to have

answered.

Senor Benavides advanced, solemn and sad as the messenger "who drew Priam's curtains at the dead of night and told him Troy was lost."

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"Your Majesty his Majesty the King"

"(

Oh, the King! I see. Well, how are the rabbits?"

66

May it please your Majesty I have not inquired: Had I thought-"

แ 'Well, never mind the rabbits. What does the King say?"

"It is my most painful duty to communicate to your Majesty that his Majesty has refused to return to the palace-until-four-months--shall have elapsed. After that time-perhaps emay-under certain circumstances-consent'

A flush of indignation passed over the brow of the descendant of Charles III., but it was only for a moment.

"Cunque, Paquo-I mean, his Majesty refuses to return to the Palace. Excellent! Look you, Senor Benavides, I told you, your chief, and your colleagues, what was to happen when you made me come here from La Granja before the heat of summer had yet passed away. I know the King better than you do; I knew he would not come back; and you might, if you had listened to me, have spared me this additional insult, which if I forget, may,but, never mind, your intentions were perhaps good. But what fools Pacheco and all of you must have been to suppose that I was mistaken in my idea of his Majesty. No one knows Paquo better than I do," and she laughed so heartily, so earnestly, that, in spite of etiquette, and the Marquis of Miraflores' rigid rules against coughing, swearing, or laughing, when Royalty is present, poor Benavides unfolded his countenance, and smoothed it into a ghastly smile. "Any more business?"

"6

No, please your Majesty, I return to my colleagues, to consult, deliberate, and ponder on-" "Oh, I see; I understand. Very well, very well."

a

The Queen, though evidently with the trace of faring Sketches among the Greeks and Turks, by a anger and insulled pride on her countenance, Seven years' Resident in Greece. laughed again as the Minister retired, at the failure of the Ambassador of the Prado, and more so at the A New HEROINE.- A lady one day complained outrage offered her in the reasons insinuated for that of the state of her health. Even the newspapers failure. She, however, returned to her ordinary had lost their excitement—"She could not relish occupations, and that evening was on the Prado and her murders as usual !" This is not a jeu d'esprit, in the theatre as usual.

but an actual speech; and it is enough to make one Such is the scene, more or less exactly reported, fear that the publicity of the journals is not an unsaid to have taken place between the Queen and her mired good. But as the bad parts of human nature Minister of the Home Department,

must continue to be exhibited in the thousand mir

rors of the press, those who would neutralize the THE INTERIOR OF A HAREM.—"The women evil should take every opportunity of calling into made me sit down; and when I placed myself in action the higher and purer sympathies of the heart. the usual European manner, they begged me in a And not rarely does the daily news itself supply us deprecating tone not to remain in that constrained with the means of so doing, and present in the very position, but to put myself quite at my ease, as same page an antidote to the poison, although we if I were in my own house. How far I was al are only too liable to pass over the former in favor of my ease, installed à la Turque, on an immense pile the chalice which ofiers a coarser intoxication. of cushions, I leave to be imagined by any one That the details of crime, as given daily in the who ever tried to remain five minutes in that pos- newspapers, indurate the sensibilities,just as freture.

quent public executions used to breed felons at the "I was determined to omit nothing that should foot of the gallows-cannot be denied; but they give them a high idea of my savoir vivre,' accord present likewise, and not unfrequently, details of ing to their own notions, and began by once more virtue, which require only to be brought promigravely accepting a pipe. At the pacha’s I had nently forward to counteract the former influence, managed merely io hold it in my hand, occasionally and maintain a healthy tone in the mind. Among touching it with my lips, without really using it; the latter we have just observed, in a provincial but I soon saw that, with some twenty pairs of eyes journal, an anecdote of female heroism which merfixed jealously upon me, I must smoke here -posi- its record much more than the most splendid deeds tively and actually smoke-or be considered a vio- of valor in the field, and we are proud to afford it a lator of all the laws of good breeding. The tobacco wider circulation and a more permanent page. An was so mild and fragrant that the penance was not obliging correspondent, who resides near the place so great as might have been expected ; but I could in question, not only vouches for the truth of the scarcely help laughing at the ludicrous position I facts, but enables us to give the incident with some was placed in, seated in state on a large square completeness. cushion, smoking a long pipe, the other end of In a house in Morden Street, Troy-town, Rocheswhich was supported by a kneeling slave, and bow- ter, a young girl called Sarah Rogers, about fifteen ing solemnly to the sultana between almost every years of age, was in charge of a child ten months whiff

. Cottee, sweetmeats, and sherbet (the most old. She had laid down the infant for a time, and delightful of all pleasant draughts), were brought to missing it on turning round, ran out in the garden me in constant succession by the two little negroes, to look for it. The child was not to be seen ; and and a pretty young girl, whose duty it was to present the poor liule nurse, in obedience to a terrible' preme the richly embroidered napkin, the corner of sentiment, rushed to the well. Her fears were only which I was expected to make use of as it lay on too just. The covering of the well was out of reher shoulder, as she knelt before me. These re- pair; and on dragging away the broken boards, she freshments were offered to me in beautiful crystal saw the object of her search in the water at the botvases, little gold cups, and silver trays, of which, for tom-a distance of about sixty-three feet. A wild my misfortune, they seemed to possess a large sup- scream broke from the girl at the sight; but she did ply, as I was obliged to go through a never-ending not content herself with screaming, and she knew course of dainties, in order that they might have an that if she ran for aid, it would, in all probability, opportunity of displaying them all.

come too late. Sarah 'Rogers, therefore—this girl · My bonnet sadly puzzled them; and when, to of fifteen-lowered the bucket to the bottom, and please them, I took it off, they were most dreadfully grasping the rope in her hands, descended after it. scandalized, to see me with my hair uncovered, and in thus descending, without any one above to sleady could scarcely believe that I was not ashamed io sit her, she swayed against the rough stones of the well, all day without a veil or handkerchief'; they could and mangled her hands to such an extent, that the not conceive, either, why I should wear gloves un flesh is described as having been actually torn from less it was to hide the want of hepna, with which the bones. they offered to supply me. They then proceeded to She reached the bottom nevertheless; and alask me the most extraordinary questions-many of though standing in three feet water, contrived to get which I really found it hard to answer. My whole hold of the drowning child with her lacerated hands, existence was as incomprehensible to this poor and raise it above the surface. She then emptied princess, vegetating from day to day within her four the bucket, which had filled, and placing her prewalls, as that of a bird in the air must be to a molecious charge in it, awailed the resiilt. That result burrowing in the earth. Her life consisted, as she was fortunate and speedy, for her scream providentold me, of sleeping, eating, dressing, and bathing. tially had drawn several persons to the spot, and She never walked further than from one room to Sarah Rogers had presently the delight to see the another; and I can answer for her not having an bucket ascending with the infant. Still the brave idea beyond the narrow limits of her prison. It is and generous girl was unsatisfied; and when the a strange and most unnatural state to which these bucket was lowered for herself, she could not be poor women are brought; nor do I wonder that the prevailed upon to enter it till they had assured her Turks, whose own detestable egotism alone causes of the safety of the child. it, should declare that they have no souls."— Way The infant was found to be severely, but not dan

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gerously hurt; while it was feared that its preserver
would lose for ever the use of her hands. But this,
we are happy to say, is now not likely to be the case.
The wounds will in all probability yield to the
influence of care and skill, and Sarah Rogers will
be able, as heretofore, to earn her bread by the work
of her hands. But she is a poor, solitary girl, with
no relations able to assist her, and even no home
upon earth but that of the grateful parents of the
child. These, unfortunately, are not in a condition
to render their aid of much importance. They have
declared, it is true, that for the future Sarah Rogers
shall be like one of their own family; but the hus-
band is nothing more than a clerk on board her ma-
jesty's ship Poictiers, and is probably but ill pre-
pared to sustain such an addition to the number
his household. Would it not be well, in a case
like this, in which governments are necessarily pas-
sive, for such private individuals as have not more
pressing claims upon their liberality, to come forward,
and do honor publicly to fidelity and intrepidity,
even when found in a poor, little, friendless servant-
girl?-Chambers.

of

SAILORS' PRANKS.-During the night, some of those on deck would come below to light a pipe or take a mouthful of beef and biscuit. Sometimes they fell asleep; and, being missed directly that anything was to be done, their shipmates often amused themselves by running them aloft with a pulley dropped down the scuttle from the fore-top. One night, when all was perfectly still, I lay awake in the forecastle. The lamp was burning low and thick, and swinging from its blackened beam; and with the uniform motion of the ship the men in the bunks rolled slowly from side to side, the hammocks swaying in unison. Presently I heard a foot upon the ladder, and, looking up, saw a wide trousers leg. Immediately Navy Bob, a stout old Triton, stealthily descended, and at once went to groping in the locker after something to eat. Supper ended, he proceeded to load his pipe. Now, for a good, comfortable smoke at sea, there never was a better place than the Julia's forecastle at midnight. To enjoy the luxury, one wants to fall into a kind of dreamy reverie, known only to the children of the weed. And the very atmosphere of the place, laden as it was with the snores of the sleepers, was inducive of DEATH OF DR. ANDREW COMBE.-"We an- this. No wonder, then, that after a while Bob's nounce with great regret," says the Times, "the head sank upon his breast. Presently his hat fell death of Dr. Andrew Combe, which occurred at off, the extinguished pipe dropped from his mouth, Georgie Mill, near Edinburgh, on the night of Mon- and the next moment he lay out on the chest as tranday last. Dr. Combe was only forty-nine years of quil as an infant. Suddenly an order was heard on age, and, although he had long been afflicted by deck, followed by the tramping of feet and the hauldisease of the lungs, no expectations were entering of rigging. The yards were being braced, and tained of his dissolution until within a week of that soon after the sleeper was missed, for there was a event. His immediate illness was a sudden attack whispered conference over the scuttle. Directly a of bowel complaint, under the weakening influence shadow glided across the forecastle, and noiselessly of which he sank without pain. Dr. Combe was approached the unsuspecting Bob. It was one of one of the physicians in ordinary to the Queen, and the watch, with the end of a rope leading out of sight corresponding member of the Imperial and Royal up the scuttle. Pausing an instant, the sailor presSociety of Physicians of Vienna, and his works, the sed softly the chest of his victim, sounding his slumchief of which were- The Principles of Physiology bers, and then, hitching the cord to his ankle, reapplied to the Preservation of Health,' A Treatise turned to the deck. Hardly was his back turned on the Physiological and Moral Management of when a long limb was thrust from a hammock opInfancy,' and 'The Physiology of Digestion,' had posite, and Doctor Long Ghost, leaping forth waripassed through a number of editions, and attained a ly, whipped the rope from Bob's ankle, and fastened celebrity rarely equalled both in Europe and Ame- it like lightning to a great lumbering chest, the prorica. Just before his last attack of illness he was perty of the man who had just disappeared. Scarceactively engaged in the preparation of a communi- ly was the thing done, when, lo! with a thundering cation intended for insertion in the Times, on a sub- bound, the clumsy box was torn from its fastenings, ject of the greatest moment within his peculiar and, banging from side to side, flew towards the branches of philanthropic inquiry--namely, the na- scuttle. Here it jammed; and, thinking that Bob, ture and causes of the ship fever, which has swept who was as strong as a windlass, was grappling off, within the last few months, so many hundreds beam and trying to cut the line, the jokers on deck of the unfortunate Irish in their emigration to the strained away furiously On a sudden the chest United States." went aloft, and, striking against the mast, flew open, raining down on the heads of the party a merciless shower of things too numerous to mention. Of course the uproar roused all hands, and when we hurried on deck, there was the owner of the box, looking aghast at its scattered contents, and with one wandering hand taking the altitude of a bump on his head.-Adventures in the South Seas.

C

AT

INTERESTING ANTIQUARIAN DISCOVERIES MALTA. We understand that Mr. William Winthrop, United States' Consul at this city, and Mr. Walter Lock of the royal artillery, have been engaged during the past month in excavating a temple at Citta Vecchia, which, doubtless, owes its origin to the earliest inhabitants of the island, and may be considered a most remarkable relic. This curious Phoenician relic, or "Church of the Saracens," as the country people have already begun to call it, is situated in a pretty valley, not far from the small church of Virtu, and can easily be found by those who, as antiquarians, in search of tombs, have made themselves acquainted with that part of the island. Travellers and others, who take an interest in antiquarian researches, will be amply repaid for their trouble in visiting this temple, which will carry their speculations back to the earliest ages, and be found wholly unlike any other place in Malta or Gozo now known to exist.--Times.

SHAKSPEARE'S HOUSE.-The present proprietors of the place of our great poet's birth are, it appears, compelled to sell it, by the terms of the will of a former owner. The house is a freehold, and is valued at something like £2,000. This valuation has been formed on the number of visitors. In 1846 it was calculated that something like 3,000 people had visited the house, though not more than 2,500 had entered their names in the book kept for the purpose. The house will be sold by auction in the course of the summer, and one or two enthusiastic Jonathans have already arrived from America, determined to see what dollars can do in taking it

away. The timbers, it is said, are all sound, and | rable serfs; so that a people progresses or retroit would be no very difficult matter to set it on grades in the same direction, pari passu, with the wheels and make an exhibition of it. We hope and laws under which they live. If they be martial, trust that no such desecration awaits it. Wholly like those of Lycurgus, the people will become solirrespective of Shakspeare, as one of the few exist-diers; if they be commercial, like those of Carthaing examples of an English yeoman's residence of gena, they will become a trading, instead of a warlike the reign of Queen Elizabeth, it merits to be pre-people. If the well-being of a nation is not consulted served and retained among us.-Globe. by the lawgivers, the people are often inclined to follow the same example, and neglect themselves.

While industry is not encouraged and protected by legislative enactments, as is the case in Ireland, the people become idle, and oftentimes depraved: where sanitary enactments, are not passed, the people become filthy, and a total disregard for all cleanliness marks their customs and habits. There are, to be sure, many exceptions to this view of the subject; but as a general rule, it usually holds good; from the social, moral, and physical condition of a people, we may justly infer what is the nature of the laws, and the principles of the government under which they live. There is scarcely any country without capabi lities peculiar to itself, and calculated to render its people happy; there is no land or clime without its resources, adapted to the necessities of its inhabitants, and fit to supply them with everything that nature requires, it properly developed. So that when we see a nation poor, and the humbler por tion of the community in a state of wretched misery, we will unquestionably find, on due inspection, that there is a screw somewhere loose in the legislative machinery. If we wish to elevate the people, we must first begin by elevating the laws-we must commence this noble task by reforming legislative abuses, and the improvement of the people's condition will follow as a natural consequence.-People's

THE INFLUENCE OF LEGISLATION ON THE HABITS AND MORALS OF THE PEOPLE.-To a person who may take the trouble of looking on the laws of any country, and the position of its inhabitants, both in a moral and physical view, with the eye of a good statesman and a sound philosopher, it will obviously appear that their social habits, national impulses, feelings, and sympathies, are in a great degree engendered, controlled, and created by the spirit of the constitutional code under which they live. Where the principles of human freedom are recognised in the legislative enactments of a country, the people become imbued with the same sentiments, and the national mind takes its caste accordingly; but wherever despotism reigns--where the rights of the subject are invaded by the power of the laws, rather than protected by their sacred authority-there the soil is congenial to serfdom, and slavery becomes

fashionable.

This proposition cannot be better proved than by referring to the southern states of America, which form a portion of the Great Western Republic. In those states, there is what may be termed a species of moral freedom recognised in their laws and institutions. While they claim the proud privilege of being free of all the world beside, and hoist the starspangled banner in the name of liberty-they legal-Journal. ize slavery in its darkest shape. That divine attribute-the gift of the Creator-free-will, they have MR. VERNON'S GIFT TO THE NATION.-The the temerity to destroy, and the audacious effrontery rumor which has prevailed for some time, that Mr. to advocate their right of doing so. While the laws Vernon intended to present his fine collection of teach the free subjects of those slave states to assume pictures to the nation, is now a certainty, that gena tone of independence with respect to foreigners, it tleman having placed it at the immediate disposal of also makes them the advocates of that human traffic the trustees to the National Gallery. For this noble which has shorn the American eagle of half its act, the public is most deeply indebted to Mr. Verplumes, and sullied her boasted flag, impressing on non, and it is to be hoped that some public acknow the stripes and the stars an indelible stain at which ledgment of it will be made. Consisting, for the tyrant man should hang his head and blush. The most part, of modern works, this collection will Irish emigrant goes over to South America, filled form the nucleus of a really national gallery of with the enthusiasm of the Celt-hatred of oppres- British art, which the trustees will now feel comsion, and declaiming against every species of slave-pelled to increase. Fear of the imputation of favorry; but, in too many cases, he soon feels the magic itism and jobbing has hitherto prevented the trus touch of those boasted liberal institutions, which tees from purchasing modern works; but this must makes the Yankee the most self-important man in be overcome. One other advantage likely to result the world-he conforms, after a short residence, to from this important gift is an early alteration at the the customs of the country; and it is ten chances National Gallery. Its enlargement has been comout of eleven, but he becomes a slave owner himself, menced; but it seems clear that a fresh building for and a most invincible advocate for the expediency the national collection must be found, sufficiently of that infernal jurisprudence, which excludes the large to encourage constant donations, or that the man of color from the circle of the great human fa- Royal Academy must be provided for elsewhere, mily, and reduces him to the level of the brute crea- with the same end in view. Our opinions as to the tion. I have conversed with an Irish slave owner necessity of this have been hitherto expressed.—The from the state of Alabama, and vainly endeavored Builder. to show him the injustice of American slavery. He told me that he was once as great an advocate for its abolition as I was-that previous to his going out to America he was an abolitionist and a high conservative in Irish politics.

Under the laws of the Roman Republic, Rome became mistress of the world; and her sons, imbibing their principles, the stern supporters of liberty. But in after times, when the laws of the tyrant predominated, the ancient Roman race became, as it were, extinct, and the sons of Italy, no longer able to bear her proud eagle, degenerated into an abject race of mise

REINHART'S DEMISE.-This venerable Nestor of European artists died lately, aged eighty-six years, of which he passed fifty in the Roman capital. Having been acquainted with all the notorieties of the age, none who came to Rome neglected to see Reinhart. His works are scattered over Europe, from Stockholm to Sicily, amongst which his engravings are not to be forgotten. He was a great friend of the open air and the chase, which latter he practised up to a few years before his demise.—The Builder.

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