« VorigeDoorgaan »
lord-advocate and the various represent- tic; the other, hard, rusty, rugged, impasatives of Scotland in parliament.
sible. The one might have been moulded Of the legal qualifications of these two from wax, the other must have been wrought gentlemen it would be presumption in an out of iron. Mr. Rutherford “lays himself Englishman to speak. The fact of their out” to please ; Mr. M'Neill is close, rehaving held the high office of lord-advocate, served, absorbed in the perpetual contemstands in the stead of all praise or criticism. plation of his duty. To the former, life Of the Right Hon. Duncan M'Neill we and Scottish law seem a sort of agreeable may record, that he has been thirty-one bagatelle ; to the other, they are evidently years at the Scottish bar. In 1820, four matters of the first import. The one seeks years after he was called to the bar, he was to win his way; the other disdains to do made a junior counsel for the Crown. In augbt but force it. And so we might go 1834 he was appointed solicitor-general on contrasting these two gentlemen till the for Scotland, and rose to be lord-advocate reader would be tired. On one point in 1842 under Sir R. Peel. Mr. Ruther- alone, however, there ceases to be any great ford has not been so long at the bar, but difference between them. However much was made lord-advocate under the former they may differ in their views on general administration of the Whigs.
subjects, you have only to touch the great Confined as the parliamentary exertions interests of Scotland to unite them at once. of the lord-advocate are to Scotch business, Unlike their Irish fellow-subjects, they there is not much to be said as to the pow- know well how to join forces against the ers of either of the above gentlemen as ora- common enemy. tors or politicians, in a general sense. But a visitor to the House of Commons who may happen to see Messrs. Rutherford and M'Neill in juxta-position, will be struck with the singular contrast they present to
QUEEN VICTORIA AND ESPARTERO. Ten or each other. One might suppose that Eng- twelve days since, Espartero made up his mind to lish statesmen, unable to dive into the which rendered his taking up his residence in a minutiæ of their several claims, had chosen cheaper country a matter of necessity. Such an inthem for their personal attributes to repre- his English friends, they at once came forward with
tention having come to the knowledge of some of sent the several systems of policy. Mr. offers of assistance, to enable him to remain in Lon. Rutherford, the lord-advocate of Whigs don, but which were declined by him. Amongst and Liberalism, is a portly, full-bodied, those friends was Lord Palmerston, whose otlers fleshy, good-humored looking gentleman, were made, not as a Minister, but as a private þut with a rather pompous carriage. His friend. Her Majesty's attention was also subse
quently directed to this fact. The result was, that a head is large, tending to roundness; the yearly pension of £2,000 was proposed to be conface fair, fleshy, and not at all character- ferred on the Duke of Victory, to enable him to reistic of his Scottish origin : it is rather a side in a country where he has met with so much face like the late Mr. O'Connell's. His be permitted to return to his country without being
respect and attention, until such time as he should voice is richly sonorous, and he rejoices in subjected to the degrading conditions attempted to developing the full rotundity of his tones. be imposed upon him. This also was most respectHis manner is the perfection of blandness; motives. In the oficial letter communicating the his eloquence, verbose, florid, and much gracious intentions of the Queen, it is said these ornamented. Mr. M'Neill, on the contra- words occur :-" Her Majesty Queen Victoria and ry, the law officer of Scotch Tories, is lean, her Majesty's Government, animated by sentiments spare, with dark complexion, black, piercing Isabella II., would see with the deepest regret the eyes and eyebrows, his head long and thin, first and most distinguished of her Catholic Majesand with a settled severity of expression on ty's servants obliged to abandon England, otherthe countenance. His voice is monotonous, wise than to return to his native country with all harsh ; and he economizes breath in his the dignity and honor becoming him, and which
are his cue." The feeling of gratitude that this has speaking: His manner is abrupt, severe; awakened in the hearts of the Liberal party in Ma his speeches, terse, in few words, composed drid, it would be difficult to give a just idea of.of hard reasonings or facts, without an illus- Globe.. tration or an ornament. Mr. Rutherford A LAWYER's Toast.- At a late dinner of a prolives in a self-created atmosphere of genial- vincial law society, the president called upon the ity. Mr. M'Neill preserves in his new
senior solicitor present to give as a toast the person
whom he considered the best friend of the profession. . sphere all the rugged wildness of an indi- "Then,” responded the sly old fox," I'll give yougenous shrub. The one is soft, oily, plas- | The man who makes his own will,'”
From Howitt's Journal.
VISITS TO REMARKABLE PLACES.
BY WILLIAM HOWITT.
Ist Witch.-All hail
, Macbeth ! hail to thee, thane of|jecting lantern-towers at the top, and the Glamis !
front emblazoned with various coats of arms 2d Witch.-All hail, Macbeth! hail to thee, thane of Cawdor!
in stone. It stands rather low, amid a 3d Witch.-All hail, Macbeth ! that shalt be king great extent of woods, and must formerly hereafter.
have been a desperate solitude. The woods
have within the last generation or two been Macbeth.-Glamis, and thane of Cawdor ! The greatest is behind !
a good deal thinned out to pay the enorMacbeth, Act I., Scene II. mous debts of its possessors, the Earls of
Strathmore, the present earl being a deThe words of Shakspeare start into the mind scendant of the countess who married the in many a place in the British Isles like the notorious Stoney Bowes, whose history, and voice of some spirit reminding you that you strange treatment of his lady, may be found are on historic or romantic ground. It was in the second volume of my Visits to Rethus, as wandering some time ago in the markable Places. I believe he is her grandson. North, I came near the town of Forfar, After passing from Macbeth, Glammis “ Glamis and Thane of Cawdor !” I was castle returned to the crown, and was not more than six miles from the ancient granted to another party, and afterwards, castle of Macbeth, a castle which came into by Robert II., to John Lyon, who married his hands, only to lose it, by treason to his the king's second daughter by Elizabeth monarch. Glamis, or Glammis Castle, as More, and became the founder of the family it is now spelt, and Glammis as it is pro- of Strathmore. But the estate did not nounced, lies in the beautiful vale of Strath- descend undisturbed in the family to more, which gives its title to the family of the present time. It was forfeited, in Lyon, to whom Glammis belongs. The 1537, by the young and beautiful Lady
Lyon family is very ancient; it was allied Glammis, who was accused of witchcraft, 'in blood to the throne, and still ranks high condemned, and burnt on the Castle-hill of
in the Scottish peerage. The castle of Edinburgh, in the midst of a vast crowd, a Glammis stands in one of the finest parts victim to the only witchcraft of youth and of the vale, is a noble object, and is greatly beauty. The great popular fame of the visited, not only on account of its antiquity castle, however, is derived from the murder and its once commanding character, but as of king Malcolm Canmore, or Malcolm II., the scene of a royal murder, which time has of which anon. invested with the interest of an old mystery. The approach to the castle, after passing
I walked from Forfar through a very the lodge gates, is through the spacious pleasant country to Glammis, and as I lay park, which gives a fine effect to the old under a tree by the road-side, leaning on fabric which stands at the end of a straight my knapsack, a party of gay ladies passed avenue of half a mile in length. This me in a light cart, whom I judged to be avenue appears to have been of lime-trees, travellers bound to see the castle : and it but you see, as you advance, how much the proved so. I caught glimpses of this old park has been robbed of its old wood to house amid its woods as I went on again, pay the enormous debts incurred by a late standing in a stately solitude well accord- lord. The fine old limes are gone, and ing with its age and traditionary fame. It their place is supplied by younger ones, till 'is surrounded by & park of one hundred you get within a few hundred yards of the and sixty acres. It is one of the most end. Here the full-grown, noble limes ancient in Scotland, and one of the finest were not only remaining, but in full flower. of its extent, though a part of it has been Imagine the difference of date from their pulled down. It is still, however, a fine flowering-time in the south. A month object as you approach it, being lofty, and before, when I left London, their blossoms built in a noble baronial style, with pro- were over in that neighborhood-here, on
the 20th of August, they were in full efflo- nient, for the young ladies, and one in rescence, and diffusing their odor far and particular, were most assiduous in pointing wide.
out everything to me, much to my distracHere the castle, standing on its open tion, for I was obliged, out of politeness, to lawn, presented itself to the eye in all its go frequently away from what I was noting ancient dignity, very lofty, grey, and im-down, to observe what they thought most pressive. The old courts and gardens, by worthy of attention ; nay, 'I was led away which it was surrounded, have been remov- by the arm repeatedly, or gently pushed ed,-a thousand pities,—and there are now forward to see things that they feared I only two low, grey turrets, and a fence of might miss. palisades, stretching from one to the other, Well, in such very amusing company did to separate the lawn in front of the castle I traverse the ancient Castle of Glammis, from the park. Within this enclosure, the first up the winding stone stair, to the very only object is a singular sort of stone orna- top of the building, and noticed the rude ment, consisting of four sitting lions, hold- old mode of ringing the bell at the top of ing lyres in their paws, and on their heads the castle, by a rope which descended the other stone work, terminating in a point, hollow central cylinder of the staircase to and forming a strange sort of a pillar. The the bottom. low door of the castle stands open, and as The house is but thinly furnished, and you approach, your eye wanders over the what is particularly interesting, entirely lofty front with all its sculptured escut- with the antique furniture.
" The room cheons, its round projecting towers aloft, into which the visitor is first ushered," says and its antique spires which surmount some Robert Chambers in his picture of Scotof these.
land, “ contains a large trunk filled with The low door admitted me to the inte- the state dresses of the former lords and rior, where all seemed to be of solid stone, ladies of Strathmore. These consist chiefly and all was plainly, but cleanly whitewash- of coats, vests, breeches, and ladies' highed. Here you at once become aware of the heeled shoes, all richly adorned with gold immense strength and loftiness of the place. and silver lace, and in a state of perfect The walls are in some parts fifteen feet preservation. Among those of other earls, thick, and the height of the building is may be seen the clothes of the amiable and such, that there are 143 steps in the spiral unfortunate Earl Charles, who was stabbed staircase, which leads to the very top of the accidentally by Carneggie, of Finhaven, in house. The steps of this staircase are laid a drunken broil at Forfar, in 1728. Along regularly round a hollow pillar, and occupy with those of his betters, there are also a large tower which was built on purpose to shown the habiliments of the Fool of Glamreceive them. It is said that a boy, once mis, who was the last of his class in Scotplaying at the top of the pillar, fell down land, and living only about seventy years feet foremost, through the whole profound ago.” cylinder to the bottom, and was not in the In the room called Lord Glammis' room, least hurt.
is a pretty good picture of Christ replying I found the party which had passed me to the question regarding Cæsar's Tribute, in the cart about to make the tour of the the artist unknown. house, and a lady came up to me, and in a In the room in which Malcolm was murvery friendly manner, accosted me as Mr. dered, or at least died, the ceiling is of
the member for the city of London! stucco in compartments, with the crown, I assured her that I had not the honor to the lion, and the initials of King Malcolm; be that gentleman, but she did not seem to and on the fireplace, the escutcheon of the credit me, for she was confident that she royal arms. The bed is of crimson velvet saw me write my name and recol- emblazoned with the royal arms. The walls lected me quite well. She was a Londoner, here are fifteen feet thick. going with some young ladies to every place The tradition of the murder is, that Malin Scotland that their guide-book recom- colm was attacked by assassins on the mended, and I believe I passed with her for Hunter's Hill, which overlooks Glammis, a very shrewd fellow, who would not be and making his escape there, was again known, but still,--the representative of encountered in the park at a spot included London!
now in the minister's garden. At both of The effect of being taken for a live mem- these places there are antique obelisks, ber of parliament was to me very inconve-carved with hieroglyphical figures of animals, etc., supposed to commemorate the consisting of a gentleman in a close antique event. But he still escaped into his castle dress sitting; a young man standing behind alive, where he lived three days, and died bim, and two boys of different ages before in the chamber now shown. It would ap-him, each with a dog, the younger one's a pear that the assassins followed him into lovely Italian greyhound. Behind the the very castle, which they plundered, and group appears the view of the castle in its in the armory they still show you a sword full and ancient extent, in the midst of its said to be the king's, and various brazen courts. This is a very curious old painting, dishes, and a Roman camp-kettle, which and no doubt contains a curious family were found in clearing the neighboring lake, history; but we could learn nothing of it. into which they had been thrown by the Amongst the pietures, besides family assassins in their flight, or had fallen out of ones, are those of several of the Scottish their hands there, and had lain in the water kings. There are also portraits of the Earl above 700 years.
of Lauderdale, a grim-looking fellow, well They used to show you the stains of blood cut out for a persecutor; Lords Ormond, on the floor in the good old way, though Middleton, and Dundee, of the same era, the floor has been three times renewed since that of Charles II. There is a very fine the event; but the present housekeeper is portrait of a Countess of Cassillis and too modernized for that, and says, “these Johnny Faa, both in gipsy habits, and rewere old ghost-stories,” and that the origi- ferring to a common gipsy love story. The nal floor was of stone. There is also a tra- countess, whose portrait is said to be by dition that the famous “Earl Beardie," of Vandyke, must certainly have been a woman whom there is a portrait at Abbotsford, the with a history. The expression of the counEarl of Crawford, famous for his rebellion tenance indicates great will and little conagainst James II., of Seotland, and popu- science, but it is a master-piece of painting. larly known as the wicked laird," was There is a portrait shown as Claverhouse, playing at cards in the castle, and being a fine-looking fellow, with brown flowing warned to give over, as he was losing dread- locks, but still very different to the portrait fully, swore an oath that he would play till at Abbotsford, and to Scott's description. the day of judgment; whereupon the devil I fancy that the house-keeper shows the suddenly made his appearance, and as sud-wrong one, and that a smaller one, hanging den disappearance, with old Beardie and all below this, is the right one. In the drawhis company.
The room has never been ing-room, she showed Charles II., with found again, but the people believe firmly Nell Gwynne on the one side, and the that old Beardie and his company are play- Duchess of Cleveland, if I recollect right, ing on, and will play till the day of judg- on the other, as Bloody Mary (poor Nell ment; and on stormy nights they are heard Gwynne), and the Countess of Chesterfield. stamping and swearing in their rage over I was obliged to set her right, and she said their play.
they had been the subject of great dispute In the armory, amongst various old arms, with many gentlemen, and that that very they show you a sword called that of Mac- day, Sir James Dean Paul, a London beth, and the shirt of mail which he wore banker, and trustee to the estate, had been after his criminal ascension of the throne, questioning with some gentlemen about the as well as the armor of the Earl of Strath-identity of these ladies. There need be no more, who fell fighting for the Chevalier at question, they are pictures too well known. Sheriff-Muir.
Nell Gwynne is fellow to the one at AbbotsThe main room of the house, however, is ford, and a very beautiful thing. the dining-hall. This has a vaulted roof, This drawing-room they were just fitting also stuccoed, and divided into compart-up with tapestry that has been in the house ments, filled with the heads of kings, the for centuries. Besides these things, there thistles, fleur-de-lis, lions, etc. The man- are old chairs, and cabinets, and the like, telpiece is one of those old stuccoed affairs said to belong to King Malcolm, and such of the date of the older Hardwick-hall, but ancients, but probably many of these ascripnot half so old as this castle itself, with a tions are apocryphal. There is an old bed, huge figure on each side, naked to the waist, said to have been occupied one night by and then cased in a square pilaster. In Prince Charlie, and the following one by this room are many valuable paintings, as the Duke of Cumberland, in pursuit of him. well as some very curious ones. There is But the house itself, its general air and asat the head of the room a large family piece ciations, are the most impressive and curious. The chapel is a curious relic of the papal is the Dundee and Newtyle railway, the times, so rare in Scotland. Except for the oddest of all speculations, and of all railwork of time, it remains much as it was left ways. It runs from Dundee to this parkat the Reformation. It is divided into sin- side, ten miles or so, and ends here, that is, gularly strong, old, latticed seats, or pews. nowhere, and in nothing. It sets out by The apostles are painted on the walls, and mounting the highest hill above the town, around the ceiling are square compartments, to get to the level, they tell you, but you each containing a painting from the life of never find any level at all, for you are conChrist. But one of the most singular things stantly reminded of the old nursery rhyme, to be seen anywhere, is a representation of " here we go up, up, up; and here we gó the Divinity, consisting of a triangle having down, down, down, 0!" They drag you a circle in each corner, and another in the up the steep bill at Dundee, by means of a centre, inscribed with the word Deus, with stationary engine. You go on, and find no lines communicating with each, and con- place that it goes to, except a very small necting the whole into one general mystery. hamlet called Newtyle. In this short course This hung in one corner, over an altar. Be- it has four steep inclined planes, where you sides these, there are various other attri- are dragged up or let down by ropes and butes of a Catholic chapel, and the tatters stationary engines. From Newtyle to the of the chaplain's gown, which has never park-side of Glammis, a horse conveys the been removed from the chapel since he last train of one carriage--for, of course, the took it off.
engine at the top of the Newtyle inclined The view from the leads is vast and no- plane cannot offer its services to Glammis. ble. On the north rear the wild Gram- So, in the wood at the back of Glammis pians; westward you are said to sce as far park I found about half-a-dozen passengers as Stirling ; and amongst other objects was waiting for this train, sitting in very Arcapointed out the hill of Dunsinane, which dian style on some green knolls under some shows its green and flat top between other fine larch trees. They were hoping for, hills at seventeen miles distance. The blue rather than expecting the carriage, for they hills of Athol mingle with the far sky, and said it sometimes did not think it worth only six miles off stands the castle of Air- while to come! So here we sate, and I lie, where the Ladie of Airlie, as the ballad chatted with the country people, the hopinghas it, was pulled out of the house by the to-be passengers, and we became very merMacgregors, in the absence of her husband, ry. We talked of the habits and food of and the castle set fire to. This is the lady the peasantry, and I told them of having from whom, on the mother's side, claimed once made my breakfast off their oatmeal to be descended that old Jamie Stuart of porridge, and slept all day after it. This Berwick—the old man whom I found near sent them into fits of laughter. They said there, at the age of 112, and who lived to they should be prettily off if that were the be 115, having, meantime, in his last days, case with them, and they must then eat it through my notice of him, I am glad to say, only to supper. We also congratulated ourreceived a good deal of public attention, selves on there being no danger of an exand various presents from different noblemen plosion, our train having to be only drawn and gentlemen, including 51. from the queen. by a horse ; and over this, too, they were
Such is Glammis Castle. Around it lie very merry. Good, simple souls, sitting in many places of interest, but none of greater a wood by way of station, waiting for the than itself, and you may imagine that this arrival of a horse train, that might possibly old haunt of royal murder and other tradi- come, how casily were they diverted. But tion is an awful place to the common peo- this pastoral scene came to an end. A horn, ple. Few of these that I conversed with in and not the whistle of the engine, announced the neighborhood had ever ventured to visit the approach of the carriage, and presently it, or even to enter its old park and embo- a dark object discovered itself on the line, soming woods.
afar off, preceded by a white speck, which Yet perhaps the most singular thing of gradually grew, not into a column of steam, all is the abrupt manner in which the active but into a white horse.
On the carriage, and unceremonious tide of modern progress when it arrived, stood emblazoned so that has dashed itself up to the very park walls no simple soul might be imposed on-1st of this old place. Close behind this wall, Class, one shilling; 2d Class, eightpence, at within less than a quarter of a mile from i. e. to Newtyle; and the Arcadians alí the castle itself, is a railway station. This merrily entered, and so adieu to Glammis. Vol. XII. No. II.