in woman and man too, turns with fondest the dark green of the pines; and then a white admiration : and refreshing has it been to sail

, glittering in the sunshine, chances to appear, us, denizens of the thick-pent city, to roam as it were, floating on the top of one of these dark the fields with one who sees the picture in


red stems.”— Vol. i., pp. 21, 141. every view ; always selecting the emphatic, and rejecting the common-place; as her Her sketch of the Lima must be remempainter eye catches local color, so her poet's bered, as this is the river of oblivion which ear, stone-deaf to the frogs, drinks the mu- the soldiers of Brutus feared to cross,

from sic of nightingales serenading near falling the unmilitary fear of forgetting their absent waters. Commend us to a horse when in wives at homes, a calamity happily obviatsearch of the melodious or picturesque in ed in the present case by our commandthe Peninsula, where the dilly is a poor ve-er-in-chief, who very properly took his life's hicle for enlightened curiosity--and hers is partner with him. The sunny and Cuypfresh and exhaustive, seizing on all the vari-like boating on the Valenza recalls the Cydeties which custom has rendered stale to nus of Cleopatra, rather than dull Lethe's the native, and which envious time had dul

wharf. led in our memories; for we, too, when George the Third was king, have gazed on “ But yonder are some men fish-spearing. Just the plains of Portugal, and scaled the sier- now we passed a group of tishers netting. As we ras of Spain, and still can speak to the truth glide along we are greeted, in mid-river, by men of the pictures that here pass before us heads ; but hands and staff are needed here to

who are wading across with baskets on their like realities in the sweet interchange of her steady them across the unequal shoals. Nightinrich diorama. Now she brings back to us gales are in full song in the hazel and olive copthe terraced slope trellised with vines, bask- ses with which the river margin is decorated as ing below the peeled granite alp, the san- with hedgerows— hardly hedgerows, little lines dalled Hebes tripping with poised pitcher of sportive wood run wild.' The distant cuckoos down to bosky bourn, which laces

th sil- are calling to each other. Now we come upon a ver some deep vale overflowing with milk fleet of boats, in full sail ; for here is deeper water and honey; then the immemorial wood, Blue dragon-flies-blue, green, golden--are hover:

--above iwenty boats, and a very pretty fleet it is. where ilexes hide their knotted knees in ing over the water; and in the water is a kind of fern, whence spring the startled deer, or long delicate weed, that looks like-sea-weed, the vulture parting the aromatic air with heavy finest, most beautiful that ever was seen; but it is wing; anon a mellow bell wakes the lone- the growth of the river sand, for there it has its liness, where sleek convent slumbers in shel- root, and the long fibres wave and stream under tered sunshine, or lordly castle frowns from and look, indeed, like the tresses of some group of

the current with more life than the current itself, commanding height, perched just where Tur- Nymphs whom the silver sands have suddenly hidner would have wished them.

But it is den at our approach,

leaving nothing of them visiamong the mountains that our Lady of the ble but their hair. The sky above and around is Lakes always finds herself most at home, all bright azure—no, not all just now; for there watching the fleeting vapors which bear her are eider-down-like clouds, with brown edges hovon shadowy wings far away to other hills. ering over the mountains, which those white

clouds darken, but not sadden, with their shadows. There, it was a pompous army of clouds The men have now taken to their paddles, and we marching and deploying, under me; here it was glide along against the breeze, if breeze it may be one vast stiff body of whitest fog imbedded on our called, that comes so soft and so fragrant from the left in the deep valley which it filled, and so mo- west, and need not "whisper whence it stole its tionless, so fast asleep, as if it would never wake balmy sweets,' for yonder is the orchard it has or stir to the call of the winds, and as if it were im- been robbing—a grove of orange-trees and lemonpernieable to the sun, and lay there as a shroud to trees in flower. The hues of the slightly rippled some great mystery. We proceeded over hills and quite transparent river are now more beautiful green with fern, rhododendron, laurustinus; and than ever. As we look down through the water, gay with a thousand flowers, gumcistus, heaths the effect on the sandy bed is as if it was overlaid white and red, yellow gorse, yellow broom and with a golden network of large open meshes. This white, wild mignonette, yellow jessamine, clema- ) is the reflection of the slightly curled water, the tis, lavender, heartsease, white thorn, dog rose, edges of the little waves sparkling and dancing in white and red, and thousands, thousands more, all, the sun, and so on the light clean sand beneath. or most of them, in bloom, all sending forth an ex. In some places the effect of the sun on the surface halation of rich distilled perfumes,' and scattered of the water is that of myriads of diamonds dancamong this wilderness of sweets were huge grey ing. Almost all the way down, on both banks, stones, or rather hillocks of stone : and then some except with such intervals as make an agreeable opening in the wood gives you a view of the blue variety, by letting us in to peeps at the fields, the sea, the blue made yet more blue by contrast with Iriver is luxuriantly edged, but not hedged, with

that our

brushwood; and the branches, not only of the semicircle, making their bows. The admiral on olives and tall oaks already spoken of, but of this his sofa seemed in a brown study,' till reminded underwood, reach far over upon the stream in by some gentlemen that these visitors were permany places, and there, on the lithe twigs, the sons of distinction. • What do they want?:nightingales swing and sing.”—Vol. i., p. 69. They coine to offer their compliments to your

Excellency.' He got up, inclined his head, and Yet while these calm waters reflect skies thanked them, Muito obrigado, muito obrigaserene, and “ glide like happiness away," do?-much obliged, much obliged—and bowed

them out. His demeanor here was thought altobetween banks enamelled with flowers, and resonant with songs of love, man's hatred neither leisure nor inclination to bandy compli

gether rough and eccentric. I dare say he had contrasts darkly with the harmony of na-ments with Portuguese gentlemen and Triars, the ture, for reciprocal is the abhorrence with greater part of whom, he might well suspect, which Spaniard and Portuguese scowl at wished him and all Dom Pedro's partisans at the each other from their opposed banks. bottom of the Atlantic Ocean.”—Vol. i., p. 62.

Pitiable indeed,” says our kind lady, “is the discord between two people who

Tobacco, in any shape, is no less effecworship the same God, follow the same su

tive than orthodox in Spain, and a costume perstitions, have nearly the same language radically wrong in Pall-Mall is permissible and manners and customs, and a soil which to campaigners Portugaleven of the Nature seems to have intended for one vast gentle sex; and here “ bluff Charley,” coat brotherhood” (i. 90). Yet so it has ever and color to the contrary notwithstanding, been, and, we fear, will long be. The in- placed Donna Gloria on the throne as compatible races fret from the friction of quickly as he displaced Mehemet Ali in neighborhood, and their petty rivalries Syria, cutting with nimble hanger the Gorburn fiercely, whether the lordly Minho or dian knots of red-tapists; l'habit ne fait the puny Caya be their Rubicon. The pas l'amiral ; and we are not sorry proud Spaniard looks down on the Portu- nautical fame is still upheld by one at least guese as slaves, while the latter really use of the old homespun school, in whose phitheir rivals as such, God having, say they, losophy it was not dreamt of that midshipfirst created them, gentlemen, and then the men ought, like so many Joinvilles, to flutGallicians to be their servants of all-work. ter cambric handkerchiefs on the Bay of

These bright water landskips and sad Biscay, and pick preserved green-peas off reflections are judiciously mingled with por

silver plates. trait. We should be inexcusable in not

The transition from blue jackets to red presenting our friends in Marylebone with Rosa battle-picce, where the strife of ele

ones is easy.

Here we have a Salvator a full length of their heroic member :

ments keeps time and tune with the war of “ But we had some plain talk, as well as vocal man: she stands on the bridge of Miseand instrumental harmony. Admiral Napier (Don rella, which spans a wild gorge by which Pedro's admiral—the Nelson of his cause) lodged the merciless invader, stained with more himself in this house in the course of his gallant than fiendish crimes, fled in 1809 before vagaries as an amphibious warrior in the north of the avenger. The pass of peril still bears Portugal, after his exploit at Cape St. Vincent the name of the worsted runaway: now it Senhor C-gave a curious account of his blunt. ness of deportment to the astonished natives. Senhor lay still and beauteous as a babe's repose, C---called on him here. What do you want ? the stream a toy for anglers, the precipices inquired the admiral. He was lounging on the for artists. "How different was it on that sofa in the drawing-room, smoking a cigar; he dismal night of storm and rain, when Soult was dressed in clothes once blue, now of no color, and his thousands were hurrying over it, and was altogether the most slovenly-looking of while the floods were out, and heroes --- I called to pay my respects.'— Will you write?'—'Whatever your Excellency pleas

The angry spirit of the water shrieked! es.' The admiral throws his cigar out of the window, takes a pinch of snuff

, and reflects. the English cannon (though but one gun · Write, then, to the Juiz de Fora, be must feed my men directly. Is that done? --- Yes.'

was up, the echoes must have made it seem • Send it off then. -A pinch of snuft. Write to twenty) thundering upon them, and ploughsuch an authority of such and such a parish or ing into their serried village; he must furnish three bullocks, &c., &c. ;' Passing to a sujet de genre we select a and so he went on, taking pinches of snuff, and domestic interior, a sketch of life at Oporissuing his requisitions. The abbot and principals to : of a neighboring monastery waited on him in form. They were introduced, and ranged themselves in “ The English carry London hours to Oporto


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and dine between six and seven o'clock. The square. Think how utterly impossible for an
usual dinner-hour among the Portuguese is three, English woman, with but a few words of broken
after that comes the siesta; and such arrangements Portuguese on her tongue, to attempt to use them,
are not consistent with dinner-givings. The siesta knowing they must be overheard by every one
over, the ladies prepare to pay or receive visits. present, and knowing, too, that the Portuguese
Many families have one day or more in the week have a natural genius for quizzing. For myself,
appointed for an “at home,' which is known in all I could say was • Yes” or “No; all I could
their circle, and where any one of the circle may do was to look like a half-wit; and all I could
present him or herself, and be sure of a gracious think of was, • When may we escape from this
welcome; and this visit answers the end, too, of piníold of ceremonious misery? ... The
our stupid morning calls. This plan of life of the gentleman again offers yon his arm down stairs,
Portuguese, of course, does not agree with Eng. and does not leave you till you are seated in your
lish hours. In our houses the dinner is not yet carriage, or on your steed, ass, or mule.”—Vol. i.,
placed upon the table; and, probably, before that p. 236.
meal and the after-dinner sitting are over, the
soirée is broken up. The few English gentlemen We hope the gentle authoress had no
whose good sense and right feeling induce them to reason to fear, as
give in to Portuguese hours and habits, and to ac. this Hogarth bit may be taken amiss, as

we see she does, that
cept in their own way of their hospitalities, say lecture,” by her countrywomen who dwell
that there is no backwardness whatever on the
part of the Portuguese 10 associate with the Eng. on the Duero. Be that as it may, certain
fish. The language, no doubt, is a great obstacle it is that a purchase of fifty butts, for the
to friendly intercourse. Few Poringuese ladies best ef bills on the Poultry, is but a poor
speak English; and the Portuguese, though an salve to the wound which the womankind
easy language to learn to read, is a very difficult of a worthy British merchant, who need not
one to learn to speak. English ladies will not necessarily be patronesses of Almacks, often
even take the pains to learn to read it, making a inflict in a five minutes' visit on the ladies
comfortable cloak of a high-minded reason in
which to conceal from themselves the true one-

of a Portuguese fidalgo, punctilious and full indolence. It is great waste of time to learn to of pedigree, although à vine-grower and read a language which has but one book worth vender. Throughout the Peninsula manreading, Camoens.'-A great mistake, by-the-bye.”ners make the man, and woman : there,

where occupations and intellectual resourA great mistake indeed—and so is a visit ces fail, the personal prevails over the soof compliment in most latitudes. Here is cial, and paramount importance is attached one neatly sketched :

to compliments and ceremonials, to get

tings-up and sittings-down: there, where “You go to the portal, which is always open : all these forms and phrases are defined and if the owner be wealthy, you find two or more servants in attendance in the hall; if he is in known as if the nation was composed of moderate circumstances, you must make your way

lords-in-waiting, the most trifling omission through the hall to the door at the foot of the is attributed, not to ignorance, but to rudestairs, there clap your hands or hammer at the ness, to an intention to slight, which is nedoor till it flies open, the latch being pulled from ver forgiven. You may as well afterwards above by a string: clap again till the servant expect to enjoy a little quiet society in a

'If you are to be admitted, and the master coalition cabinet. The Portuguese, like of the house or his son be within, he presently fretful porcupines and Spaniards, are ever follows his servant, meets you on the stairs, gives you his arm, and conducts you to the sitting room, on the lookout for offence, especially where at one side of which is placed, against the wall, a

none is meant : our old and affectionate cane-backed, cane-seated, coverless, cushiorless allies see in our off-hand manner an air of sofa. At either side, and at right angles with the affectionate contempt, and revolt at the sofa, four or five chairs are planted close together. supercilious condescension of our patroA pretty esteira (straw mat) or a handsome wool. len rug covers this square : the rest of the floor nage: they have all the sensitive pride has often no covering, in summer at least; chairs

poor gentlemen fallen from palmy place, and tables are ranged stifly round the room; one which bristles up at the suspicion of depretable, perhaps, in the centie, and few ornaments ciation; in their private capacity they proanywhere. To this formidable little square the tect themselves by a nice exaction of comvisitors are led, and placed in the seat of honor, pliments and congees; and in their public, the sofa. The ladies are seldom in the room, but they cloak present beggary by boasting of soon come down from their private apartment; past wealth, building up a brighter future and even the lady of the house would on no ac

on the poor foundations of obsolete power. count sit by you on the sofa: she takes the chair

This nearest to you, and the other members of the family respectable tenderness should not be occupy the other chairs; and if more are needed, needlessly trod upon ; better far to sip port they are placed opposite the sofa, closing in the lat peace in Great Britain, than go to Opor


to to quarrel with its producers, who sel- hasten to place lights in the windows, and to dom spoil their tempers as they do their withdraw ihem as soon as the procession has wines by an ultra application of the saccha- passed by; and thus are produced the startling rine : there, again, those who are determin- darkness and light, cheering symbols for the spirit ed to dispense with masters of languages as for that other world so bright with love and peace.

departing from a world dark with sin and sorrow, well as ceremonies, will assuredly be left

• If it were for no higher motive than to give alone in their glory, and not sent to school, myself an opportunity to express private feelings as Lord Bacon says, but to Coventry of respect and gratitude to an English chaplain Captain Holman, blind as a beetle, made abroad, for public services faithfully and diligentthe tour of Asia far more to his enlighten-ly performed in trying times, through a series of ment, than he who, ignorant of the idiom, years, I could not leave Oporto without naming journeys, tantamount dumb, into the Pen- heretics have been permitted to offer up our pray.

our own dear church, where for so long a time we insula, where all foreign tongues are Greekers and join in the simple rites of our church, unand Hebrew. Conversation in the Castiles, disturbed by the jibes or the threats of those who when distilled though a laquais de place, bear rule in the land. There is nothing attractive rarely becomes confidential; while in Por- in the appearance of the building, as may be intugal the necessity of referring to declen- ferred from the conditions under which permission sions and dictionary limits eloquence to was obtained for its erection, viz. that it should

not look like a church either within or without, truisms, muzzles man, and ties even tongue and must not aspire to tower, belfry, or bell--none female :

: so sorry & prelude to the entente of which it possesses—but the situation partly cordiale of social intimacy is the “ I guess makes up for these deficiencies; and Nature, you don't understand us,” that only the with her never-failing bounty, has in the chapelother day the illustrious Marquis Alexandre yard supplied pillars' of lime-trees, whose Dumas passed from the Pyrenees to the branches have learned to frame a darksome Straits for a mere monkey seeing the world, aisle;', and soothing it is to repose for a while and this simply because he would discourse

under the cool green shade of these aisles, before

you enter the little chapel, where you are 100 often in what he imagined to be Spanish.

oppressed by heat and glare.”—Vol. i., p. 241. The grand resources of the Lusitanian beauties, in which they excel and exceed From the sacred she passes to the promoderation, are love, knitting, and reli- fane and profound, we doubt not more to gion ; and inklings of such matters enliven please others than herself; for, young in this Journal as 'truffles do a Perigord pie. letters and mistrustful of their own ample These ladies appear to be as industrious as Lucretia, although a trifle less exemplary; conciliate learned fastidiousness by shadow

powers, writers of this sect often hope to yet love's labor is not lost, and their consi- ing their light wings with grave plumes, borderate church makes due allowances for the rowed from birds of the indubitably true disturbing influences of the stars, which in Minerva breed. With these best intensouthern latitudes are notoriously the most tions, she here and there labors to lengthen to be blamed. While our author's sound what we labor to shorten, anxiously desirsense revolts at the corruptions of Roman- ing to get back again to her own fresh and ism, here in full bloom, her truly Catholic original outpourings ; nor shall we inflict piety seizes every redeeming virtue, and her extracts from old folios about older she is ready to sympathize with Christianity personages, who well might be left in rest whenever she can recognise its spirit and at the bottom of the oblivious Limia. working. Her first volume concludes with Those, however, who are not of the diocese this tolerant juxtaposition of the rival of Braga, may be edified by knowing creeds :

that“One ceremony of the church of Rome, when it takes place at night, may impress even a true

“since the year 36 to 1755 there have been 115 hearted member of the Protestant church of Eng. bishops, of whom 22 were canonized, namely, St. Jand with religious awe, and this is the procession Peter de Ratės, their first bishop; Basil, Ovid, which bears through the streets the last sacrament Policarp, Fabius, Felix, Narcissus, Solomon, to the dying Christian : a little tinkling bell warns Leoncius, Paternus, Profoturus, Albert, Martin you

of its approach ; voices are heard chanting a de Dume, Tobius, Peter Julian, Fructuosus, hymn; you go to your window; already the Quiricus, Leodecisius, Felix Secundus, Victor canopy, under which the priest walks, bearing the Martyr, Geraldus, and Godwin (O beato Don God. host, is passing your door through a blaze of light inho)."-Vol. i., p. 121. which precedes the holy elements far as the eye can see, while behind all is in black darkness. It Having strung up, like a rope of Portuis the custom, on hearing this bell, for every one to Igal onions, this batch of bishops, .whose breed, being the grand-daughter of Edward of maid of honor at the courts of Lisbon III., whose delicate chivalry rescued the and Madrid is understood to be attended fair fame of Lady Salisbury's garter. It with considerable difficulties. must, however, be added that the situation

From the Dublin University Magazine.



The first explicit declaration in favor of sional government, it was resolved to endeathe Bourbons came from the Council Gene- vor to induce the Emperor to abdicate in ral of the Seine. This was followed by favor of his son. It is well known that addresses to the provisional government this step was taken. It was received by from all the constituted bodies, such as the those who were then regarded as leading Avocats, the Cour de Cassation, the Coun- the public opinion differently. Talleyrand cil of State, &c. In all these there were and his colleagues in the provisional gostrong expressions hostile to Napoleon, and vernment opposed it, favoring the restorain some of them allusions, more or less di- tion of the Bourbons, and Caulaincourt rect, to the restoration of the ancient line and the Marshals of the army advocated it of kings.

with a regency under Maria Louisa. The Notwithstanding these manifestations fa- Marshals, commissioned by Napoleon to vorable to the project advocated by Talley- notify his abdication to the allies, arrived rand, the allied sovereigns had still a in Paris in the midst of the greatest disvague and undefined horror of the very quietude and apprehension, as well on the name of Napoleon, nor did they venture part of the population as on that of the to give that cordial co-operation to the allies themselves. People doubted the reparty of the Restoration which might have sult. The sudden re-appearance of Napo, been expected. Napoleon was still sur- leon was constantly feared by some and rounded by 30,000 proved troops, includ- hoped by others. Those who had taken ing the celebrated Imperial Guard. Be- the part of the provisional government wasides these, the corps commanded by Mar-vered. The salons of M. Talleyrand were mont and Mortier amounted to 20,000, comparatively deserted. The looks of the making a total of 50,000 fighting men, en- sovereigns and their generals were gloomy thusiastically devoted to their leader, and and serious, and little calculated to re-asthat leader incontestably the greatest cap- sure those who had hastily committed tain of the age. Who could tell the effect themselves to the Restoration. of a levy en masse, and the insurrection of The commissioners of the Emperor prethe Faubourgs ? Besides, might not a sented themselves to Alexander. He adjunction be effected with Soult and Suchet dressed this act of abdication to the allies, in the south, and with the aid of Eugene without alluding either to the senate or Beauharnais in Italy, the re-appearance of the legislative body, or to any of the conthe hero of Austerlitz, at the head of stituted authorities. The anxiety of Tal180,000, was far from being impossible. leyrand, who stood so deeply and irretriev

To parry such a project, emissaries were ably committed, during this interview, can sent to tamper with the Imperial generals, easily be conceived. He intercepted the and the proclamations of the provisional Marshals in the ante-room before they government were scattered among the sol- communicated with the Czar, and showed diers. In this state of things the Marshals them how many persons would be comproheld a conference at Fontainbleau, and mised if they succeeded in their mission. some being influenced by the sincere opi- “You will ruin," said he, “ all those who nion of the impossibility of effectual resist- have entered this salon. Remember that ance, and others shaken in their fidelity by Louis XVIII. is a principle, and everything the emissaries of Talleyrand and the provi- else is only an intrigue.” He produced,

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