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beauties of creation and softest graces of paid. Wondering whether this tenderpiety, and over its entire landscape have ness of conscience pervaded all his chashed an illumination
as genial as it is racter, Mr. Walker sought Mr. Conon's growthful and clear. If they be not purely acquaintance, and was soon as completeclassical, they are perfectly evangelical and ly enchained by the sweetness of his singularly adapted to the whole of man. disposition, and the fascination of his Their cadence is in our popular preaching intercourse, as he was awed and astostill, and may their spirit never quit our nished by the purity and elevation of his Christianity! It is the spirit of securest conduct. It was from the good treasure of faith, and sunniest hope, and most seraphic this good man's heart, that Mr. Walker love. And though it may be dangerous for received the Gospel. Having learned it, young divines, like Samuel Parr, to copy he proclaimed it. Truro was in uproar. their descriptive melody, it were a blessed To hear of their general depravity, and to ambition to emulate their author's large and have urged on them repentance and the lightsome piety—his heart " open to the need of a new nature by one who had so whole noon of nature," and through all its lately mingled in all their gaieties, and brightness drinking the smile of a present been the soul of genteel amusement, was God.
first startling, and then offensive. The In the middle of the last century evan- squire was indignant; fine ladies sulked gelical religion derived its great impulse and tossed their heads ; rude men interfrom the three now named. But though rupted him in the midst of his sermon ; there were none to rival Whitefield's flam- and the rector, repeatedly called to dising eloquence, or Wesley's versatile ubi- miss him, was only baffled by Mr. Walkquity, or the popularity of Hervey's gor-er's urbanity. But soon faithful preaching geous pen, there were many among their began to tell; and in Mr. Walker's case its contemporaries who, as one by one they intrinsic power was aided by his insight learned the truth, in their own department into character, and his ascendency over or district did their utmost to diffuse it. men. In a few years upwards of 800 paIn Cornwall, there was Walker of Truro; rishioners had called on him to ask what in Devon, Augustus Toplady ; in Shrop- they must do for their souls' salvation ; shire, was Fletcher of Madeley; in Bed and his time was mainly occupied in infordshire, there was Berridge of Everton; structing large classes of his hearers who in Lincolnshire, Adams and Wintringham; wished to live godly, righteous, and sober in Yorkshire, were Grimshaw of Haworth, lives in this evil world. The first-fruits of and Venn of Huddersfield ; and in London his ministry was a dissolute youth who had was William Romaine—besides a goodly been a soldier, and amongst this description number who, with less renown, were earnest of people he had his greatest success. One and wise enough to win many souls. November, a body of troops arrived in his
In the summer of 1746, SAMUEL parish for winter quarters. He immediWALKER* came to be curate of the gay ately commenced an afternoon sermon for little capital of Western Cornwall. He their special benefit. He found them was clever and accomplished-had learned grossly ignorant. Of the seven best infrom books the leading doctrines of Chris- structed six were Scotchmen, and the tianity, and whilst mainly anxious to be a seventh an English dissenter. And they popular preacher, and a favorite with his were reluctant to come to hear him. At fashionable hearers, had a distinct desire first, when marched to church, on arriving to do them good—but did them none. at the door, they turned and walked away. The master of the grammar-school was a But when at last they came under the man of splendid scholarship, and the most sound of his tender but energetic voice, the famous teacher in that county, but much effect was instantaneous. With few
excephated for his piety. One day Mr. Walker tions tears burst from every eye, and conreceived from Mr. Conon a note, with a fessions of sin from almost every mouth. sum of money, requesting him to pay it In less than nine weeks no fewer than 250 to the custom-house. For his health he had sougbt his private instructions: and had been advised to drink some French though at first the officers were alarmed at wine, but on that smuggling coast could such an outbreak of methodism among procure none on which duty had been their men, so evident was the improvement
which took place—so rare had punishments * Born 1714. Died 1761.
become, and so promptly were commands
obeyed—that the officers waited on Mr. twixt the strength of his own belief and Walker in a body, to thank him for the the spuruing haste of his over-ardent spirit, reformation he had effected in their ranks. he gave his works a frequent air of scornOn the morning of their march many of ing arrogance and keen contemptuousness. these brave fellows were heard praising Perhaps, even with theologians of his own God for having brought them under the persuasion, his credit has been injured by sound of the Gospel, and as they caught the warmth of his invective; but on the the last glimpses of the town, exclaimed, same side it will not be easy to find trea" God bless Truro !” Indeed, Mr. Walk-tises more acute or erudite-and both er had mueh of the military in his own friends and foes must remember that to the composition, the disencumbered alertness writer his opinions were self-evident, and of his life, the courage, frankness, and that in his devoutest moments he believed through-going of his character, the firmness God's glory was involved in them. It was with which he held his post, the practical the polemic press which extorted this huvalor with which he followed up his man bitterness from his spirit; in the pulpreaching, and the regimental order into pit's milder urgency nothing flowed but which he had organized his people, bewray- balm. His voice was music, and spiritualed the captain in canonicals; as the hard-ity and elevation seemed to emanate from ness of his services, and his exulting loyal- his ethereal countenance and light unmorty to his Master, proclaimed the good sol- tal form. His vivacity would have caught dier of Jesus Christ.
the listener's eye, and his soul-filled looks In the adjacent county of Devon, and in and movements would have interpreted his one of its sequestered parishes, with a few language, had there not been such comcottages sprinkled over it, mused and sang manding solemnity in his tones as made AUGUSTUS TOPLADY. When a lad of six- apathy impossible, and such simplicity in teen, and on a visit to Ireland, he had his words that to hear was to understand. strolled into a barn where an illiterate lay- From casy explanations he advanced to man was preaching, but preaching reconci- rapid and conclusive arguments, and warmliation to God through the death of his ed into importunate exhortations, till conSon. The homely sermon took effect, and science began to burn and feelings to take from that moment the Gospel wielded all fire from his own kindled spirit, and himthe powers of his brilliant and active mind. self and his hearers were together drowned He was very learned. Universal history in sympathetic tears. And for all the spread before his eye a familiar and de- saving power of his preaching dependent on lightful field; and at thirty-eight he died, the Holy Spirit's inward energy, it was remore widely read in Fathers and Reform- markable how much was accomplished both ers than most academic dignitaries can at Broad Hembury and afterwards in boast when their heads are hoary. He Orange Street, London. He was not only was learned because he was active. Like a a polemic and a preacher, but a poet. He race-horse, all nerve and fire, his life was has left a few hymns which the church mion tiptoe, and his delight was to get over litant will not readily forget. the ground. He read fast, slept little, and languor and disease invade," " A debtor to often wrote like a whirlwind; and though mercy alone,” “Rock of ages, cleft for the body was weak, it did not obstruct him, me,'
, “Deathless principle, arise:” these for in his ecstatic exertions he seemed to four combine tenderness and grandeur with leave it behind. His chief publications theological fulness equal to any kindred were controversy. Independently of his compositions in modern language. It theological convictions, his philosophising would seem as if the finished work were genius, his up-going fancy, and his devout, embalmned, and the lively bope exulting in dependent piety, were a multiform Calvin- every stanza ; whilst each person of the ism ; and, by a necessity of nature, if reli- glorious Godhead radiates majesty, grace, gious at all, the religion of Toplady must and holiness through each successive line. have been one where the eye of God filled Nor is it any fault that their inspiration is all, and the will of God wrought all. The all from above. Pegasus could not have doctrines which were to himself so plain, he borne aloft such thoughts and feelings ; was perhaps on this account less fitted to they are a freight for Gabriel's wing; and discuss with men of another make; and be- if not filigreed with human fancies, they
are resplendent with the truths of God, * Born 1740. Died 1778.
and brim over with the joy and pathos of
" When on
the heaven-born soul. However, to amass | else came into it, was sure to be neutralized knowledge so fast, and give out so rapidly into common sense-pathetic, humorous, not only thought and learning, but warm or practical, as the case might be ; and so emotion, was wasteful work. It was like strong was his fancy that every idea in rebleeding the palm-tree; there flowed a ge- appearing sparkled into a metaphor or emnerous sap which cheered the heart of all blem. He thought in proverbs, and he spake who tasted, but it killed the palm. Con- in parables; that granulated salt which is sumption struck him, and he died. But so popular with the English peasantry. And during that last illness he seemed to lie in though his wit ran riot in his letters and his glory's vestibule. To a friend's inquiry, talk, when solemnized by the sight of the with sparkling eye he answered, “Oh, my great congregation and the recollection of dear sir, I cannot tell you the comforts 1 their exigencies, it disappeared. It might feel in my soul : they are past expression. still be the diamond point on the sharp arThe consolations of God are so abundant rows; but it was then too swift and subtile that he leaves me nothing to pray for. My to be seen. The pith of piety-what keeps prayers are all converted into praise. I it living and makes it strong—is love to enjoy a heaven already in my soul.” And the Saviour. In this he always abounded. within an hour of dying he called his “ My poor feeble heart droops when I friends, and asked if they could give him think, write, or talk of anything but Jesus. up; and when they said they could, tears Oh that I could get near Him, and live beof joy ran down bis checks as he added, lievingly on Him! I would walk, and talk, “Oh, what a blessing that you are made and sit, and eat, and rest with Him. I willing to give me over into the hands of would have my heart always doting my dear Redeemer, and part with me; for Him, and find itself ever present with Him.” no mortal can live after the glories which And it was this absorbing affection which God has manifested to my soul.”
in preaching enhanced all his powers, and At Everton in Bedfordshire, not far from subdued all his hazardous propensities. the spot where J. Bunyan had been a preach- When ten or fifteen thousand people were er and a prisoner, lived and labored a man gathered on a sloping field, he would mount not unlike him, the most amusing and most the pulpit after Venu or Grimshaw had vaaffecting original of all this school--J. Ber- cated it. A twinkle of friendly recognition RIDGE. For long a distinguished member of darted from some eyes, and a smile of comic Clare Hall, Cambridge, and for many years welcome was exchanged by others. Perstudying 15 hours a day, he had enriched his haps a merry thought was suspected in the masculine understanding with all sorts of corner of his lips, or seen salient on the learning; and when at last he became a very point of his peaked and curious nose. parish minister, he applied to his labors all And he gave it wing. The light-hearted the resources of a mind eminently practical, laughed, and those who knew no better and all the vigor of a very honest one. hoped for fun. A devout stranger might But his success was small-so small that have trembled, and feared that it was going he began to suspect his mode was wrong. off in a pious farce. But no fear of Father After
prayer for light it was one day borne Berridge. He knows where he is, and how in upon his mind, “Cease from thine own he means to end. That pleasantry was inworks; only believe ;” and consulting his tended for a nail, and see, it has fastened Concordance he way surprised to see how every ear to the pulpit-door. And now he many columns were required for the words proceeds in homely colloquy, till the bluntFaith and believe. Through this quaint est boor is delighted at his own capacity, inlet he found his was into the knowledge and is prepared to agree with what he says of the Gospel and the consequent love of who makes so little parade and mystery. the Saviour ; and though hampered with But was not that rather a homethrust ? academic standing and past the prime of “ Yes, but it is fact; and sure enough the life, he did not hesitate a moment to re- man is frank and honest;" and so the blow verse his former preaching, and the efficacy is borne with the best smile that can be of the Cross was soon seen in his altered twisted out of agony. “Nay, nay, he is parish. His mind was singular. So pre- getting personal, and without some purpose dominant was its Saxon alkali, that poetry, the bolts would not fly so true.
And just sentiment, and classical allusion, whatever when the hearer's suspicion is rising, and he
begins to think of retreating, barbed and * Born 1716. Died 1798.
burning the arrow is through him. His soul is transfixed, and his conscience is all and was translated into the marvellous light on fire. And from the quiver gleaming to of the Gospel by reading the first six chapthe cord these shafts of living Scripture fiy ters of the Epistle to the Romans in Greek. so fast that in a few minutes it is all a field He was exceedingly revered by his likeof slain. Such was the powerful, impact, minded contemporaries; and some idea of and piercing sharpness of this great preach- his preaching may be formed from his printer's sentences—so suited to England's rus- ed discourses. They are essentially sertic auditories, and so divinely directed in mons on the heart, and are remarkable for their fight, that cloquence has seldom won their aphoristic force and faithful pungency. such triumphs as the Gospel won with the But his most interesting memorial is a posbow of old eccentric Berridge. Strong men thumous volume of “ Private Thoughts on in the surprise of sudden self-discovery, or Religion. These “ Thoughts” are detachin the joy of marvellous deliverance, would ed, but classified sentences on “God” sink to the earth powerless or convulsed ; and “Christ," on “Human Depravity," and in one year of “campaigning” it is “Faith,” “Good Works,” “ The Christian calculated that four thousand have been Life," and kindred subjects, and though awakened to the worth of their souls and a neither so brilliant nor so broad as the sense of sin. He published a book, “ The “ Thoughts of Pascal,” they are more exChristian world unmasked,” in which some perimental and no less made for memory. thing of his close dealing and a good deal. The Spirit's coming into the heart is the of his drollery survive. The idea of it is, touch of Ithuriel's spear, and it starts up a a spiritual physician prescribing for a sinner devil.” “Christ is God, stooping to the ignorant of his own malady. “Gentle senses, and speaking to the heart of man.” reader, lend me a chair, and I will sit down “Christ comes with a blessing in each hand; and talk 'a little with you. Give me leave forgiveness in one, and holiness in the other, to feel your pulse. Sick, indeed, sir, very and never gives either to any who will not sick of a mortal disease which infects your take both." “Mankind are perpetually at whole mass of blood.” After a good deal variance by being all of one sect, viz. selof altercation the patient consents to go fists.” “A poor country parson fighting into the matter, and submits to a survey of against the devil in his parish, has nobler his life and character.
ideas than Alexander had." “Not to sin
may be a bitter cross. To sin is hell." “ Let me step into your closet, Sir, and peep". Wilt thou be made whole ?' is a trying upon its furniture. My hands are pretty honest, qoestion, when it comes to be well consideryou may trust me; and nothing will be found, ed.” Those who love laconic wisdom will I fear, to tempt a man to be a thief
. Well, to be find abundant specimens in this pithy sure, what a filthy place is here ! Never swept manual. But it is not all pemican. Befor certain since you were christened? And what a fat idol stands 'skulking in the corner ! A darl-sides the essence of food it contains extracts ing sin, I warrant it! How it simpers, and seems from bitter herbs; and some who might as pleasant as a right eye! Can you find a will relish its portable dainties will not like its to part with it, or strength to pluck it out? And wholesome austerity. supposing you a match for this self-denial, can you so command your heart, as to hate the sin you this band was William Grimshaw.*
In some respects the most apostolic of
Like do forsake? This is certainly required; truth is called for in the inward parts: God will have many in his day, he struggled through years sin not only cast aside, but cast aside with abhor- of doubt and perplexity into that region of rence. So he speaks, ye that love the Lord, see light and assurance where he spent the that ye hate evil.”
sequel of his fervent ministry. His parish,
and the radiating centre of his ceaseless Many readers might think our physician itinerancies, was Haworth, near Bradford, not only racy but rude. They must re-in Yorkshire-a bleak region, with a people member that his practice lay among farmers as wild and almost as ignorant as the gorse and graziers and ploughmen ; and if they on their hungry hills. From the time that dislike his bluntness they must remember the love of Christ took possession of his his success.
soul, Mr. Grimshaw gave to His service all Of the venerable Thomas Adams* little the energies of his ardent mind and poweris recorded, except that he commenced his ful frame. His health was firm, his spirit religious life a disciple of William Law, resolute, his understanding vigorous and
* Born 1701. Died 1784.
* Born 1708. Died 1763.
practical, and having but one object he con-| the son of the desert, he was a man of a tinually pursued it, alike a stranger to hardy build, and like him of an humble fatigue and fear. With a slice of bread spirit, and like John, hið joy was fulfilled and an onion for his day's provision, he would when his Master increased. At last, in the trudge over the moors from dawn to summer- midst of his brave and abundant exploits, dusk in search of sheep in the wilderness, a putrid fever, which, like Howard, he and after a night's rest in a hay-loft would caught when engaged in a labor of love, resume the work. In one of his weekly came to summon him home. And when he circuits he would think it no hardship to was dead his parishioners came, and-fit preach from twenty to thirty times. When funeral for a Christian hero—bore him away he overtook a stranger on the solitary road, to the tomb amidst the voice of psalms. if riding he would dismount and talk to But perhaps among all these holy men him, and rivet his kind and pathetic exhorta- the completest and most gracious character tion with a word of prayer; and into what- was Henry Venn* of Huddersfield. Cersoever company thrown, with all the sim- tainly we have learned to contemplate him plicity of a single eye and the mild in- with that patriarchal halo which surrounded trepidity of a good intention, he addressed and sanctified his peaceful old age—and we himself to his Master's business. It was have listened to him only in his affectionate he who silenced the infidel nobleman with and fatherly correspondence ; but so far as the frank rejoinder, “the fault is not so we can gather, his piety was of that winmuch in your Lordship’s head as in your some type, which, if it be not easy to record, heart ;” and many of his emphatic words it were blessed to resemble. Simeon loved haunted people's ears till they sought re- him dearly, and tried to write his life: but lief by coming to himself and confessing in the attempt to put it upon paper, it all all their case. When his career
began, so seemed to vanish. This fact is a good biosottish were his people, that it was hardly graphy. No man can paint the summer. possible to draw them out to worship, but Venn's was a genial piety, full of fragrant Mr. Grimshaw's boldness and decision warmth and ripening wisdom, but it was dragged them in. Whilst the psalm before free from singularity. And his preaching sermon was singing, he would sally forth was just this piety in the pulpit-thoughtinto the street and the ale-houses to look ful, benignant, and simple, the love of God out for loiterers, and would chase them into that was shed abroad in his heart often apthe church; and one Sabbath morning a pearing to shine from his person. But there stranger riding through Haworth, and seeing were no dazzling passages, no startling nor some men bolting out at the back-windows amusing sallies. A rugged mountain, a and scrambling over the garden-wall of a copsy glen, a riven cedar, will mako a landtavern, imagined that the house was on fire, scape, but it is not easy to make a picture till the cry, “the Parson is coming,” ex- of a field of wheat. Mr. Venn had a rich plained the panic. By dint of pains and and spontaneous mind, and from its affluent courage he conquered this heathenish parish; soil the crop came easily away, and ripened and such was the
power which attended his uniformly, and except that it yielded the preaching, that, in later life, instead of bread of thousands, there is little more to hunting through the streets for his hearers, tell. The popularity and power of his when he opened his church for a short ser- ministry are st:ll among the traditions of the vice at five in the summer mornings, it West Riding—how the Socinian Club sent would be filled with shopmen and working its cleverest member to caricature the people ready to commence their daily toil. preacher, but amidst the reverential throng, And so strong was the attraction to his ear- and under the solemn sermon, awed into the nest sermons, that besides constant hearers feeling, “surely God is in this place," he who came from ten or twelve miles all remained to confess his error and to recant around, the parsonage was often filled with his creed-how the “droves” of people Christian worthies who came on Saturday came from the adjacent villages, and how nights from distant towns. And when they neighbors would go home for miles together, crowded him out of his house into his barn, so subdued that they could not speak a word. and out of the church into his church-yard, He published one book, " The Complete he was all in his glory, and got up on Mon- Duty of Man." It is excellent ; but like day morning early to brush the shoes of Wilberforce's « View,” and other treatises the far-come travellers. He was gallant evangelist of the Baptist's school. Like
Born 1724. Died 1797.