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Date of Date of LAND.--The Philadelphia North American lately

Foundation. Charter.

PROVINCIAL. compiled the following table, the utility and interest

of which induce us to copy it. The table reaches Cambridge Philosophical Society,1819
down to the end of May, 1847:

Literary and Philosophical so-
ciety, Manchester,


Literary and Philosophical So-
ciety, Liverpool,

Plymouth Institution,


Antiquarian Society of Newcastle-

Date of Date of

Royal Geological Society, Corn-
Foundation. Charter.

1814 Royal Society,

1660 1662 Philosophical and Literary SoSociety of Antiquaries,

1707 1751
ciety, Leeds,

1818 Linnæan Society,

1788 1802

Natural History Society, Man-
Horticultural Society,

1804 1809

1821 Geological Society,


1826 Yorkshire Philosophical Society, 1822 Royal Society of Literature, 1823 1826 Literary and Philosophical SoInstitution of Civil Engineers, 1818 1828

ciety, Sheffield,

1822 Royal Astronomical Society, 1820 1831 Literary and Philosophical SoMedical and Chirurgical Society, 1805 1834

ciety, Whitby,

1822 Royal Institute of Br. Architects, 1834 '1837 Literary and Philosophical SoRoyal Botanic Society,

ciety, Hull,

1822 Pharmaceutical Society,

1841 1843 Bristol Philosophic and Literary Society of Arts,


1824 Medical Society of London, 1773

Ashmolean Society, Oxford, 1828 Royal Asiatic Society,


Scarborough Philosophical So-
Zoological Society,


1830 Royal Geographical Society, 1830

Royal Cornwall Polytechnic So-
Entomological Society,


1833 Statistical Society,


Worcestershire Natural History Botanical Society of London, 1836


1833 Numismatic Society,


Shropshire and North Wales Na. Microscopical Society,


tural History and AntiquaChemical Society,

rian Society,

1835 Philological Society,


Geological Society, Manchester, 1838 Ethnological Society,


Liverpool Polytechnic Society, 1838 Archæological Association, 1843

Geological Society, West Riding, 1838 Archæological Institute,


Architectural Society, Oxford, 1839 Syro-Egyptian Society,


Natural History and Antiquarian Royal College of Chemistry, 1845

Society, Penzance,

1839 Pathological Society,


Cambridge Antiquarian Society, 1840
Cambrian Archæological Society, 1846


Sussex Archæological Society, 1846 1783

IN SCOTLAND. British ssociati for the

METROPOLITAN. ment of Science,


Medical Society of Edinburgh, 1734 1778
Royal Society of Edinburgh, 1739 1783

Date of"

Date of stand, and as poets sometimes have been inspired

Foundation. Charter. Royal Physical Society, Edin

by a sort of second-sight, were prophetic that the

ocean would be his grave. burgh,

1771 1788 Royal Scottish Society of Arts, 1841

"To-morrow comes ! Wernerian Society, Edinburgh,


Cloud upon cloud, with dark and deepening mass, Harverian Society,


Roll o’er the blackened waters; the deep roar Juridicial Society


of distant thunder mutters awfully ;

Tempest unfolds his pinions o'er the gloom Society of Antiquaries, Scotland, 1780

That shrouds the boiling surge; the pitiless fiend Hunterian Medical Society, 1824

With all his winds and lightnings tracks his prey, Geological Society of Edinburgh, 1834

The torn deep yawns--the vessel finds a grave Botanical Society of Edinburgh, 1836

Beneath its jagged jaws.'

"I arrived at Pisa some hours later than I PROVINCIAL. Literary and Philosophical So

could have wished, for Lord Byron and Leigh Hunt ciety, Perth,


and Trelawney had been engaged since the mornPhilosophical Society, Glasgow, 1802

ing in burying Shelley's remains. The history of Berwickshire Naturalist's Club, 1831

the funeral pyre has been so much misrepresented, Tweeddale Physical and Antiqua.

that I shall premise it with a few observations. rian Society,


Fourteen days elapsed between the loss of the Glasgow and Clydesdale Statisti

schooner and the finding of the corpses of my cal Society,


friends, and neither of them were in a stale to be Orkney Natural History Society, 1837

removed to consecrated ground; but an obstacle to Border Medical Society,


such removal under any circumstance, was, that Aberdeen Philosophical Society, 1840.

by the quarantine laws, their friends were not per: Orkney Antiquarian and Natu

mitted to have possession of their relics. The laws ral History Society,


with respect to everything cast on land by the sea,

being, that it must be burned, in order to prevent IN IRELAND.

the possibility of any remnant bringing the plague Royal Irish Academy,


into Italy. Association of the King and Queen's

“A consultation took place between Byron, Hunt, College of Physicians, 1816

and Trelawney, on this subject. It had not only been Royal Zoological Society of Ire

the oft-repeated wish of Shelley to be buried at land,


Rome, and there rejoin his favorite child William, Geological Society of Dublin, 1832

who lay there, but he had left it as a sacred charge Institution of Civil Engineers of

to Lord Byron, whom he had appointed as executor Ireland,

, to fulfil this office of friendship for him. Association of Graduates in Me


to his will

Even had the state of Shelley's corse admitted of dicine (T. C. D.)


being transported to Rome, they were assured by Natural History Society, Dublin, 1838

the authorities that no representation of theirs Royal Institute of the Architects

would have altered the law; and were it not for of Ireland,


the kind and unwearied exertions of Mr. Dawkins, Microscopical Society, Dublin, 1840

chargé d'affaires at Florence, permission would not Dublin University Philosophical

have been gained for Mrs. Shelley to receive the Society,


ashes, after they had been consumed. I say, I arrived at Pisa too late. True to his engagement,

Byron and his friends had gone that day to perform Literary Society, Belfast, 1801

the singular and pious duty of watching his funeral Scientific and Literary Society,

pyre, in order that the ashes might be sent to the Cork,


English cemetery at Rome. They came to a spot Natural History and Philosophi

marked by an old withered pine tree, and near it, cal Society, Belfast, 1821

on the beach, stood a solitary ruined hut, covered Cuvierian Society, Cork,


with thatch. The place was well chosen for a Natural History Society, London

poet's grave. Some few weeks before, I had ridden derry,


with Shelley and Byron to the very spot, which I Statistical Society of Ulster, 1838

have since visited in sad pilgrimage. Before them Chemico-Agricultural Society of

lay a wide expanse of the blue Mediterranean, with Ulster,


the islands of Elba and Gorgona visible in front;

Lord Byron's yacht, the Bolivar, riding at anchor RECAPITULATION.

at some distance in the offing. On the other side Learned Societies in England and Wales, 58 appeared an almost illimitable sandy wilderness, Scotland,

20 and uninhabitable, only broken here and there by Ireland,

17—95 stunted shrubs, wisted by the sea-breeze, and

stunted by the barrenness and drought of the ground BURNING OF SHELLEY.-A Life of Shelley, by in which they strove to glow. At equi-distance, Thomas Medwin, has just been issued in London, along the coast, rose high square towers, for the from which we extract the following version of a double purpose of protecting the coast from smugmelancholy and oft described scene :

glers, and enforcing the quarantine regulations. “ At Spezzia, the people of the place told me This view was completed by a range of the far off where the bodies of my friends had been cast on Italian Alps, that from their many folded and volshore: they had been thrown on the beach, not to canic character, as well as from their marble sumgether, but several miles apart, and the English mits, gave them the appearance of glittering snow; boy's five miles from that of Shelley. The follow-lo tinish the picture, and as a foreground, was ing verses, written in his eighteenth year, recurred placed a remarkable group. to me, which seem entirely out of place where they "Lord Byron, with some soldiers of the coast


guard, stool about the burning pyre, and Leigh' cure and reward the best exertions of such musiHunt, whose feelings and nerves could not carry cians as Handel, Haydn, Beethoven, Weber. More him through the scene of horror, lying back in the recently, the noble public of our common people carriage; the four post-horses panting with the has shown itself rich enough in the enlightenment, heat of the noonday sun, and the fierceness of the association, and the means of remunerating genius fire. The solemness of the whole ceremony was and talent of the first order, to tempt to its great the more felt by the shrieks of a solitary curlew, meetings Mendelssohn and Spohr: and this, not as which, perhaps attracted by the corpse, wheeled in almsgivers, but as guests, giving and receiving narrow circles round the pile, so narrow that it honor. might have been struck with the hand. The bird It becomes us, then,-aking advantage of Dr. was so fearless, that it could not have been driven Spohr's presence among us,-to offer our mite of reaway. I am indebted to one of the party present cord and welcome to a distinguished man. With for the interesting particulars of this scene, but regard to his life there is not very much to tell;must add to it Leigh Hunt's arcount. He says, happy and rare circumstance in an art whose exhi. 'The weather was beautifully fine. The Mediter- biting Professors are, possibly, more subject to ranean, now soft and liquid, kissed the shore, as if fevers, vicissitudes,-io excitement in youth and to make peace with it. The yellow sand and blue vapidity in age, than any other class of persons, desky entirely contrasted with one another, marble voted to imaginative pursuits and pleasures! Our mountains touched the air with coolness, and the guest was born, some sixty-four years since, at Saeflaine of the fire bore towards Heaven its vigorous sen, in Brunswick; the son of a physician. He amplitude, waving and quivering with the bright- early showed signs of musical genius; a violin was ness of inconceivable beauty. It seemed as if it put into his hands, and he was placed under one contained the glassy essence of volatility. One Maucourt, who will be best remembered as his might have expected a sun-bright countenance to master. By the time that he was twelve years old, look out of it, coming once more before it departed, he was fit to play a Concerto at a Court, whose to thank the friends who had done their duty.' Duke knew what good violin playing was. Before

“I have understood that Leigh Hunt was much he was fifteen, his particular vein in composition offended at the account above given respecting the had developed itself. The fine Quartett, op. 4,carriage, but why I am at a loss to guess. To which was performed by the Beethoven Society the what purpose should he have stood for some hours other day, in his presence,-was written, we heard by the side of the scorching furnace, when there him say himself" (smiling pleasantly the while), were so many others of stronger nerves and of bet- when he was fourteen. When he was sixteen, he ter health present? This extreme sensitiveness on was placed under Franz Eck; and two years later, his part is much out of place, for neither my in- having been pensioned by the Duke, he accompaformant nor myself had ihe slightest intention of nied his master into Russia, where he stayed for a throwing on him a taunt, or taxing himn with the year and a half. Subsequenily, Spohr received muslightest dereliction of duty. His regard for Shel- sical appointments at Gotha ; at the theatre An der ley is not to be questioned. The very excess cf Wien, Vienna; at the Frankfort Theatre; and more feeling that he displayed, might, in default of other than 20 years ago, came finally to an anchor at Hesse proofs, have best testified it.

Cassel: whence many of his best works have pro" But Byron was unable long to withstand the ceeded; and where most of the German violin playsight, or perhaps the heat, and by way of distrac- ers have, at one period or other, been his pupils. tion swam off to his yacht.

Dr. Spohr has been iwice married. His first wife, “ Writing to Mr. Moore, he says,

Fräulein Scheidler, was the best harpist in Ger". The other day, at Via Reggio,'—he does not many; and the finish of their duett performances is specify the day of the burning, I thought proper to spoken of in all musical chronicles as something swim off to my schooner, the Bolivar, in the offing, remarkable. The present Madame Spohr is alive. and thence to shore again, about three miles or bet. When we have said that our guest possesses that ter, in all. As it was at mid-day, under a broiling tranquil, serene, and equable spirit, which prevents sun, the consequence has been a feverish attack;' its owner from “inviting storms," and pilois him and then he adds, in another paragraph of the same safely and speedily through such as are inevitable; letier, though not connecting the burning with the -and have pointed to his life in the pleasant town of swimming, -'We have been burning the bodies of Cassel as an enviable example of cheerful leisure, Shelley and Williams. You can have no idea spent in ease and pastime, alternated with steady what an extraordinary effect such a funeral pyre work and pleasant journeyings from time to time, to has on a desert shore, with mountains in the back- reap honors as its fruits, —when we have recorded, ground, and the sea before,—the singular appear that after having been for some quarter of a century ance the salt and frankincense give to the flames.' considered not only as the first German violin mas

"Much objection has been started to these acces- ter, but also one of the first German violin players, sories to the funeral pyre, which have been con- -Dr. Spohr has naturally and gracefully retired demned as bearing the character of a heathen rite; from public exhibition, leaving the arena to youngbut without them it would not only have been dan-er, not worthier men, —the story of his life is told; gerous to have assisted at the ceremony, but from and we have but to speak of his works. the state of the body it would have been intolerable. Though to us there are few things more distaste

" In the evening I saw Lord Byron. He was in ful than unmixed eulogy; and praise loses its value a high state of lever, from the excitement of the when unaccompanied by signs of power to distinday, combined with exposure for some hours to the guish,--there are "times and occasions," as Sir sun, in swimming and floating."

Charles Grandison had it, when the duty of a writer

is but to dwell on that which merits admiration : the Dr. Louis Spohr.-In no spirit of vaporing present is one. We meet Dr. Spohr in every aspect self-praise, but of honest congratulation, may we re which a musical composer can take. In all he has mind the reader that whatever be our country's shown himself meritorious and successful; in all, faults in musical taste, or slackness of artistic cul- individual. Among his Oratorios, “ The Last tivation, England has successively been able to se- Judgment" is our favorite, for the sake of the quar




tett and chorus which closes the first part ; and the receive an important addition to the annual sum algrand scene of “ Babylon,” with the impressive fu- ready allowed him by the Government.--Several neral strain, “Blest are the departed,” in the second. celebrated literary characters and artists are about to The instrumental introduction to the latter, also, de give a dramatic performance in Manchester for his serves notice as richly scored, and full of grace- benefit. Among the number may be mentioned the ful melody. Among Dr. Spohr's operas " Jesson- names of Charles Dickens, Douglas Jerrold, Mark da" deserves to be rated the highest as a whole ; Lemon, Dudley Costello, John Forster, George though the gloom of the story, founded on “La Cruikshank, Frank Stone, and John Leach. This Veuve de Malabar,"-a heavy and sentimental entertainment will probably realize some five or six French tragedy by M. Lemierre, -has imparted a hundred pounds, which will be a most welcome and certain monolony to the music. But we do not for- seasonable gitt to Mr. Hunt get the charming trio for female voices in “Zemire und Azur;" nor the impressive burial chant in “Pietro von Abano;" nor the many magnificent Russian RAILWAYS.~The Emperor Nicholas has airs in “Faust;" some of which have been recently just taken an important decision in a strategic point revived in our recollection by the glorious singing of view. He has adopted the project of a vast line and saying of Herr Pischek. In all, the orches of railways, uniting the three capitals, Warsaw, tral portion is richly ingenious, and admirably Moscow, and St. Petersburgh. This line, of which finished. The mention of this brings us to this the tête de pont will be the fortress of Warsaw, will "Master's exclusively instrumental music; begin- complete and strengthen the system of the old kingning with his Symphonies. Here, again, there is dom of Poland, such as the Emperor Nicholas estamuch to admire, apart from the general praise blished it the last insurrection in 1830. The due to one who is so sure and masterly in his or country to be traversed by the line is generally flat, chestral effects. The slow movement, scherzo, and which will allow of the works being rapidly comfinale, of the Symphony in D minor; 'the finale to pleted at an expense of about 100,000f. the English the Symphony in C minor; the first allegro, and mile. the march in that picturesque Symphony, “The Power of Sound,” are all as good as they are peculiar. And even in Dr. Spohr's works where our

STATISTICS OF SPIRIT DRINKING IN GREAT BRITAIN sympathies are more at fault, let us insist that the AND IRELAND.-In an English exchange, lately, we seal of individuality which distinguishes the origi- the annual consumption of spirits in the United

observed a curious official document in relation to nator from the copyist, is never missing. In all, Kingdom. We were hardly prepared for the facts there is shown the self-respect of a true artist : care, disclosed by some of the tables. learning, and high finish. No classical writer for the violin (distinguishing consumption was as follows:

During the five years ending in 1804, the average Rode, Viotti, Mayseder, and De Beriot, as brilliant ; which means something less, and something more

England. than classical), has contributed so much admirable and Galls. 7,794,670 1,838, 627 3,583,051 13 195,753 interesting music for his instrument, as Dr. S. His Concertos will long be in request, not merely for the

The average per head was-for England, nearly grace and solidity of their solo parts, but for the 7 pints; Ireland 5 3-4, Scotland, 8. richness of the orchestral tissue. His duetts are in

The five years ending in 1845, the average concomparable. We rate these as the highest of his sumption was as follows: works, since no one has approached their composer,

England. Scotland. Treland. Total. in whose hands the two instruments become almost Galls. 11,446,167 5,991,605 6,302,228 23,739,841 a quartett--so rich and full are their effects and combinations. There have been painters of gallery The annual average consumption per head was pictures, the fame of which has been disputed, who, --for England, 51.3 pints; for Ireland, 5 3 4;

for when restricting themselves within the smaller Scotland, considerably more than two gallons! The range of cabinet art, rise to unquestioned perfection. total average consumption per head is only a Scale does not constitute excellence. One of Shak- small fraction greater than it was forty years ago. speare's Sonnets is greater than a “wilderness” of But it will be remarked, that while Temperance has epics by

Let every groaning reader fill rather increased in England and Ireland, there has the blank for himself! Our singling out, therefore, been a lamentable increase of Intemperance in Scotof these less obtrusive works, must not be thought land, ber people consuming on an average, per head, as disparagement to the Master or his essays on a of spirits, more than three times as much as the more extensive scale. We shall only further dwell Irish! with gratitude on the ingenuity, delicacy, and rich In these tables, no account, of course, is taken of harmonies of his quartells, single and double, the the product of illicit distillation; and it is supposed delight of all players on stringed instruments, who that a part of this alarming increase in Scotland is find in them that exquisite acquaintance with what only apparent, being the result of the suppression of is possible and what is agreeable, which a theorical illicit distillation, by the reduction of the whiskey study of any instrument will hardly produce. Thus, duty. while his violin music is his best, Dr. Spohr is least In Ireland, the consumption of spirits had greatly eminent when he writes for the pianoforte. Need augmented during the five years ending 1839, the we say more? Yes, one word. We believe that average per head having reached nearly 1 1-2 gal. certain selected works of our guest have permanent lons; but the great Temperance movement under life in them; and are good for a future, as well as Father Mathew checked the evil, and reduced the for the present generation. May their list still be amount consumed, one half. Thus, from 1834 to lengthened !-Howitt's Journal.

1839, Ireland consumed 11,436,127 gallons annually;

but the average per annum of consumption during LITERARY HISTRIONICS.--Mr. Leigh Hunt, whose the five years closing with 1845, was only 6,302,228, mental and physical powers are nearly exhausted, although the population must have increased half a and whose purse is in the same conditioa is about to




A PRETENDER TO THE Dutch MONARCHY.-For The Professor says: "Take a branch of the some time past, a story has been circulating at the common barberry and put it under a drinking glass, Hague, more or less privately, and with certain va- with a small quantity of ether, for a minute at most riations of detail, which has quite an interesting if in the sun, and three minutes at most if in the aspect for the lovers of gossip, and is said to be re- shade, but at a temperature of not less than 59 of garded with no little anxiety by the Court. The sub- Fahrenheit

, and when it is withdrawn, it will be ject is the claim set up by a personage who, accord- found on touching the stamina at their base, that ing to the account of persons professing to be well they have lost all their irritability, which will not informed, is no less than the heir of the Duke of return, in the first instance, until after a consideraBrunswick and the Princess Lovisa, sister of the ble time; the influence of the ether having been late King William I. It seems that no effort is much stronger. In the second case, on the contrary, spared by authority to silence the story, but it is talk- the primitive irritability is recovered in half an hour. ed of in private, and allusions to it, guarded of course The plant may be etherized a second time, and this but sufficiently intelligible, are not wanting in gene- second etherization must not be any longer than the ral society. Without going into all the versions first, and after half an hour the plant resumes all its that circulate, the facts on which the various ac- vigor. To etherize a sensitive plant (mimosa counts mainly agree, appear to be as follows:- The pudica) the process must be continued for eight or party referred to was transferred in infancy to a re- ten minutes, and a proportionably longer time in spectable family in Holland, and brought up as their the shade. The acetic, chlorohydric and nitric ethers

When quite young he was placed in the army, act in the same manner, but the sulphuric and where he saw service in the war of the Belgian re-acetic ethers are the most effective.” volution. Afterwards he passed some years in THE ARCHIMEDEAN BALLOON.--We had to record France and Italy, moving in elevated circles. It in our columns a few months since, how Mr. Gale was not until the death of King William I.

, whose had succeeded in furnishing that purblind, deaf, and successor on the throne appears to be influenced by a giddy creature, the old balloon, with a pair of excelvery different spirit in regard to the personage in lent eyes and ears. We have now to state that Mr. question from that of his father, that the pretensions Joseph Pitter, of Hastings, has explained his plan for of the said personage began to take a definite form, constructing a new aërial machine on perfectly shipalthough attention had been excited by the interest shape principles, having little or no affinity to the evidently taken in him by the late Sovereign. aërial ship of nearly forgotten notoriety. The Ar; Those pretensions being repelled by the powers that chimedean Balloon is to be worked by paddles, and be, after a protracted negotiation, the party has gone steered with a screw; it is to have a handsome deck, to' America, where he is believed to be maturing and above it, a long cylindrically-shaped silken new projects for the establishment of his claims. bag or sail, in flated with gas, and below the deck a These, as already intimated, have reference to the number of bags of gas are to be fastened, to add to marriage of the Princess Louisa, which was noto, the buoyancy of the whole machine. Mr. Pitter riously

an unhappy union, but of which the issue, if proposes to procure a motion at any angle with the issue there was, as appears to be now alleged, must | horizon, by the revolution of four paddle-wheels, be the rightful heritor of the title, with all the advan- which have their float-boards broadways during any tages belonging thereto, whatever may have been the required half of their revolution, and edgeways state of conjugal relations between the Princess while passing through the other half

. A motion to and her husband, if, as is asserted, he was born in any point of ihe compass'is procured by means of an wedlock. That his claim, however legal, will be apparatus at the stern similar to the Archimedean resisted by the Court of Holland, may be inferred screw, and being made to revolve in a vertical plane from the nature of the circumstances hinted at as at- on an axis at right angles to the course of the matending his birth, and for some reasons of perhaps chine, it brings the stern round to the right or left, still greater cogency. The individual in question is according to the direction in which the screw resaid to be a man of about thirty-five, of prepossessing volves, and the head of the machine is pointed in appearance and manners, and bearing a strong re- the right direction. The probability is, however, semblance to the Royal family; a man of great not very small, that the ‘Archiinedean Balloon, energy, and endowed with a degree of firmness bor- when its powers are absolutely tested, will be found dering on obstinacy--which, by the way, is a trait an“airy nothing."--Jerrold's Newspaper. of the royal family also. If in some particulars his characteristics are less favorable, he appears to en- among the visitors present at the Cambridge Instal,

M. LE VERRIER.- An English paper states that joy the esteem of many influential persons, and it is lation was a gentleman whose advent occasioned even alleged that his claims are sustained, though

some interest. On the arm of the cheerful-looking not openly, by many of high standing as well in as old Bishop of Norwich appeared a tall

, fresh-colorout of Holland.-Times.

ed young man, dressed somewhat à la Français

to wit, narrow coat collar, full skirts, and trousers THE EFFECTS OF ETHER ON VEGETABLES. :-We slightly plaited at the waist. You would not take have been much interested by an account, in the that jolly-looking young gentleman for a profound London Athenæum, of some curious experiments mathematician and astronomer; on the contrary, he recently made by M. Clemens, Professor of Natu- appears just one of the lions you would expect to ral Sciences in the College of Vevay, Switzerland. find playing a match at billiards in a gilded café The Professor's object was, to test the effects of ether on the Boulevards, or, with deference be it spoken, on vegetable life and sensitiveness. The results of clasping the waist of'“ La Reine Pomare" at the his experiments he has communicated in a memorial Chateau Rouge. There goes M. le Verrier, the to the Academy of Sciences of the canton of Vaud, discoverer of the new planet—the owner, if priority and these go to prove that vegetables are as suscep- of claim gives ownership, to all the lands, titles, and tible to the effects of ether as are animals,

domains of—"Neptune."

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