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Be not terrified with an idle show, and the glitter of filver and gold, which can neither protect nor wound. In the very ranks of the enemy we shall find our own bands. The Britons will acknowledge their own cause: The Gauls will recollect their former liberty. The Germans will de sert them, as the Ulipii have lately done. Nor is there any thing formidable behind them : ungarrisoned forts; colonies of invalids; municipal towns diftempered and diftracted between unjust masters, and ill-obeying fubjects. Here is your general; here your army. There, tributes, mines, and all the train of ferrile punishments; which, whether to bear Eternally, or intiantly to revenge, this field mult determine. March then to battle, and think of your ancestors and your pofierity.
THE EARL OF ARUNDEL'S SPEECH, PROPOSING AN ACCOMMODATION BETWEEN
HENRY II. AND STEPHEN.
In the midst of a wide and open ptain, Henry found Stephen encamped, and pitched his own tents within a quarter of a mile of him, preparing for a battle with all the eagerness, that the defire of empire and glory could excite, in a brave and youthful heart, elate with success. Stephen also much wished to bring the contest between them to a speedy decision : but, while he and Euftace were consulting with William of Ipres, in whose affection they most confided, and, by whose private advice they took all their measures, the Earl of Arundel, having a fembled. the English nobility, and principal officers, spoke to this effect :
It is now above fixteen years, that, on a doubtful and difputed claim to the crown, the rage of civil war has almost
continually infested this kingdom. During this melancholy period how much blood has been shed; what devallations and misery have been brought on the people! The laws have lost their force, the crown its authority : licentionsness and impunity have shaken all the foundations of public security. This great and noble nation has been delivered a prey to the bafest of foreigners, the abominable scum of Flanders, Brabant, and Bretagne, robbers rather than soldiers, restrained by no laws, divine or human, tied to no country, subject to no prince, instruments of all tyranny, violence, and oppression. At the same time, our cruel neighbours, the Welch and the Scotch, calling themselves allies or auxiliaries to the Empress, but in reality enemies and destroyers of England, have broken their bounds, ravaged our borders, and taken from us whole provinces, which we never can hope to recover; while, instead of employing our united force against them, we continue thus madly, without any care of our public safety or national honour, to turn our swords against our own bosoms. What benefits have we gained, to compensate all these losses, or what do we expect? When Matilda was mistress of the kingdom, though her power was not yet confirmed, in what manner did the govern ? Did she not make even those of her own faction and court regret the king ? Was not her pride more intolerable still than his levity, her rapine than his profufeness? Were any years of his reign so grievous to his people, so offensive to the nobles, as the first day of hers? When she was driven out, did Stephen correct his former bad conduct? Did he dismiss his odious foreign favourite? Did he discharge his lawless foreign hirelings, who had been so long the scourge and the reproach of England ? Have they not lived ever since upon free quarter, by plundering our houses and burning our cities? And now, to complete our miseries, a new army of foreigners, Angevins, Gascons, Poictevins, I know not
who, are come over with Henry Plantagenet, the son of Matilda : and many more, no doubt, will be called to affist him as foon as ever his affairs abroad will permit; by whose help, if he be victorious, England must pay the price of their fervices : our lands, our honours muft be the hire of these rapacious invaders. But fuppofe we should have the fortune to conquer for Stephen, what will be the confequence? Will victory teach him moderation ? Will he learn from fecurity that regard to our liberties, which he could not learn from danger ? Alas! the only fruit of our good succefs will be this; the eftates of the earl of Leicester, and others of our countrymen, who have now quitted the party of the king, will be forfeited; and new confiscations will accrue to William of Ipres.. · But let us not hope, that be our victory ever so complete it will give any fafting peace to this kingdom. Should Henry fall in this battle, there are two other brothers to fucceed to his claim, and support his faction, perhaps with less merit, but certainly with as much ambition as he. What shall we do then to free ourselves from all these milfortunes ?-Let us prefer the interest of our country to that of our party, and to all those passions, which are apt, in civil diffenfions, to inflame zeal into madness, and render men the blind inftruments of thofe very evils which they fight to avoid. Let us prevent all the crimes and all the Horrors that attend a war of this kind, in which conquest itself is full of calamity, and our most happy victories deferve to be celebrated only by tears. Nature herself is difmayed, and thrinks back from a combat, where every blow that we strike may murder a friend, a relation, a parent. Let us hearken to her voice, which commands us to refrain from that guilt. Is there one of us here, who would not think it a happy and glorious act, to save the life of one of his countrymen? What a felicity then, and
what a glory, must it be to us all, if we save the lives of thousands of Englishmen, that must otherwise fall in this battle, and in many other battles, which hereafter, may be fought on this quarrel ! It is in our power to do so It is in our power to end the controversy, both safely and honourably; by an amicable agreement; not by the sword. Stephen may enjoy the royal dignity for his life, and the fuccesfion may be secured to the young duke of Normandy, with such a present rank in the state, as befits the heir of the crown. Even the bittereft enemies of the king muft acknowledge, that he is valiant, generous, and good natured; his warmest friends cannot deny, that he has a great deal of rashness and indiscretion. Both may therefore conclude, that he should not be deprived of the royal authority, but that he ought to be restrained from a further abuse of it; which can be done by no means, so certain and effectual, as what I propose : for thus his power will be tempered by the prefence, the counfels, and influence of Prince Henry; who from his own interest in the weal of the kingdom which he is to inherit, will always have a right to interpose his advice, and even his authority, if it be necessary, against any future violation of our liberties; and to procure an effectual redress of our grievances, which we have hitherto fought in vain. If all the English in both armies unite, as I hope they may, in this plan of pacification, they will be able to give the law to the foreigners, and oblige both the king and the duke to con. fent to it. This will secure the public tranquillity, and leave no secret stings of resentment, to rankle in the hearts of a suffering party, and produce future disturbances. As there will be no triumph, no insolence, no exclusive right to favour, on either fide, there can be no fhame, no anger, no uneasy desire of change. It will be the work of the whole nation; and all must with to support what all have established. The sons of Stephen indeed may endeavour
to oppose it: but their efforts will be fruitless, and must end very soon, either in their submission, or their ruin. Nor have they any reasonable cause to complain. Their father himself did not come to the crown by hereditary right. He was elected in preference to a woman and an infant, who were deemed not to be capable of ruling a kingdom. By that election our allegiance is bound to hini during his life: but neither that bond, nor the reason for which we chose him, will hold, as to the choice of a Yucceffor. Henry Plantagenet is now grown up to an age of maturity, and every way qualified to succeed to the crown. He is the grandson of a king whose meinory is dear to us, and the nearest heir male to him in the course of defcent: he appears to resemble him in all his good qualities, and to be worthy to reign over the Normans and English, whose noblest blood, united, enriches his veins. Normandy has already submitted to him with pleasure. Why should we now divide that duchy from England, when it is so greatly the interest of our nobility to keep them al-. ways connected ? If we had no other inducement to make us desire a reconciliation between him and Stephen, this would be sufficient. Our estatęs in both countries will by that means be secured, which otherwise we must forfeit, in the one or the other, while Henry remains possessed of Normandy: and it will not be an easy matter to drive him from thence, even though we thould compel him to retire from England. But, by amicably compounding his quarrel with Stephen, we shall maintain all our interelts, private and public. His greatness abroad will increase the power of this kingdom ; it will make us respectable and forinidable to France; England will be the head of all those ample dominions, which extend from the British ocean to the Pyrenean mountains. By governing, in his youth, so many different states, he will learn to govern us, and come to the crown, after the decease of Stephen, accomplished