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quietly look out for a purchaser, without communi- | 46, Dante, Le Terze Rime, first Aldine edition, £5 cating with the Orleans fainily.
158.; 101, Histoire de Geroleon d'Angleterre, £5 12s. An edition of Schiller and Goethe's Xenien has re | 6d. ; 117, Les Quatre Fils Aymon, £5 58. cently been printed from the original manuscript formerly in the possession of Dr. Edward Boas.
THERE appears at present in Italy 311 newspapers
--partly political, partly scientific and artistic. A SELECTION, in three volumes, of the Correspond. They are distributed over the peninsula in the folence of Herder is in course of publication, and from lowing way: 85 appear in Lombardy, 87 in Sardinia, the interest and importance of the contents, is ex.
5 in Parma and Modena, 33 in Tuscany, 30 in the pected to command considerable attention. Professor Papal Dominions, and 56 in the Kingdom of both Düntzer is the editor of the work, which will contain Sicilies. letters from Goethe, Schiller, Klopstock, Jean Paul
THE Report of the Select Committee of the House Richter, Lavater, Jacobi, etc.
of Commons on the Library of the House, has just The fourth portion of the Dutch translation of been printed. Considerable additions have been Macaulay's England, has just been published by the made to the library during the last three years, and house of H. C. S. Ery, at the Hague.
a sum bequeathed by Mr. Phillips (secretary to
Speakers Abbott and Manners Sutton) has been paid Our readers may not be aware that the laws, or by his executors and invested in the following works rather the custom of law, in Denmark, gives perpetu- viz., the complete works of Cuvier, 2361.; Wality to copyright. On a late occasion, the children of ton's "Biblia Sacra Polyglotta, " 421. ; various writers Oelenschagen, who has been called the Shakspeare of Byzantine History, 251.; and the "Silvestre, Paléoof Denmark, addressed to the Minister of the Interior graphie Universelle," 991. Large additions have been of that State, a petition for a grant of the copyright, made to the library in works of general history, the for a hundred years, of their father's works. The colonies, and East Indies, dictionaries, books of rereply of the Minister informed them that in the opi- ference, voyages and travels, collections of treaties, nion of the Procureur General, there was no occasion topography, political economy, and law. The room for any grant of the sort, and that by the law of the adjoining the Oriel room has been added to the li. land, there was no doubt of the right possessed by brary for the accommodation of the new books. An the heirs of a deceased author to the exclusive right alphabetical catalogue to the books, which amount for ever of publishing themselves, or of assigning to to 20,000 vols. (exclusive of Parliamentary publicaothers, the right of publishing.
tions,) has been compiled and printed for the use of
Members. The Journal Index, 1837–52, is in type At the late excursion of the members of the Book
to the word “Orders," and other indexes have been sellers’ Provident Institution, nearly one hundred
compiled and printed. members assembled on the grounds of the Retreat at Abbots Langley, and dined in a tent under the A ROMANCE which has lately appeared in Munich presidency of Mr. Edmund Hodgson, who presided in has created a great sensation in the highest circles in the absence of Mr. Green. Through the exertions of Berlin. It is entitled “The Prince, my Beloved, and the latter gentleman, with the coöperation of nume- his Partisans
| his Partisans," (Der Fürst, mein Leibchen, und seine rous friends, the Retreat has now assumed a more
Parteigänger,"') and is translated from the Polish prosperous position than it has hitherto held, a sum
of Count Rzewuzki, by Assessor Jerzwski into Gerof upwards of sixteen hundred pounds having been
man, but appears under the nom de plume of Bachinvested as a permanent maintenance fund, the inte
mann. The German critics speak of it as a rorest of which it is considered will prove nearly suffi | mance of the highest order; the story is founded on cient to keep the houses and grounds in repair. The an historical fact of deep interest. The author says Retreat and the Provident Fund conjointly offer ad in his preface: "Just at present must the internal povantages which few institutions present; and it is to licy of a nation verging on its fall, the noble strugbe regretted that the junior members of the trade dogles and efforts, phases of a life which seems rather not join the society in greater numbers than they do. to belong to the present times, these must have a
The Illustrated Monthly News, is the title of a new special interest for our own day." The fall of the kingperiodical announced to be published at the office of dom of Poland forms the leading subjects of the the Klatteradatsch, (the German Punch,) at Berlin. romance; the dramatis personæ are essentially
Polish in their characteristics; the incidents are stirA QURIOUS collection of letters relating to Wallen, ring, and the national features well portrayed. The stein and the Thirty Years' War, has been discovered book may be regarded rati
book may be regarded rather as an historical meamong the records of the Collalto family, in their moir of the times than as a mere work of fiction: it castle at Pirnitz. These interesting documents are l is more true than poetical, presenting us with life published by Herr von Chlumezkz, Keeper of the
pictures of the time and country. It is a curious Records at Brünn.
fact that whilst the King of Prussia was in Berlin, The Directors of the Crystal Palace have now marking his approbation of the work, by presenting opened their library gratis to visitors, and have as. the author with a valuable diamond pin, the petty signed a portion of the reading-room as an advertis representative of majesty in Posen had prohibited ing medium for such publishers as may choose to
the sale of the book in that town. So much for support the library by donations.
despotic power committed to stupid and ignorant
officials-this, too, in the so-called liberal and enlightAr the late sale of rare books at Messrs. Sotheby's, on August 26th, a copy of the magnificent work, Peintures et Ornemens des Manuscrits Français de THOMAS DE QUINCEY is a contributor to the new puis le Huitième Siècle jusqu'à la fin du Seizième, 20 English periodical called The Titan. In the Septemvols., executed under the direction of Count Auguste ber number he has an article entitled "Storms in Bastard, was sold for £180. Amongst other lots, 3, English History: a glance at the reign of Henry Allen, Traité Politique, on vellum, fetched £3 9s.; / VIII."
Each of the fine arts has a literature of for the common reader, and they influence its own, not excepting even the last jocular the tone of our general literature. These addition to their number—that of Murder. separate streams at some points touch and Some of them have been amongst the most mingle with the main current. The literafertile sources of book-making. The com- ture of music is the one exception to this plaint of the preacher, as to the endless-rule. Here the stream flows entirely apart, ness of that branch of industry, might in- and sometimes even dips out of the comdeed have had little ground if nature alone mon ken, like those subterranean rivers had been drawn upon for themes. Facts which travellers describe. Musical critiare naturally laconic, but tastes abhor bre- cism is usually such a mosaic of technical vity. Many a picture, covering little can- dilletantisms, that to the uninitiated reader vas, has blackened large breadths of paper; an open score of the work it treats of would and Jacques, who saw only a sermon in a scarcely be more inscrutable; and if we stone, might have seen a thick folio in it except Mr. Holmes's charming Life of if it had happened to be carved. Books Mozart, we have no biography of a comof this kind, however, consisting mostly poser which can be supposed to exert any of criticism and biography, though they attractive force beyond the limits of the spring from and are devoted to the several musical guild. The heavy historical laarts, have usually something of interest bors of Hawkins, Burney, Busby, and
Latrobe, are certainly not classics in the * Sketch of the Life and Works of the late Felix
same sense as are the works of Reynolds Mendelssohn Bartholdy. By JULES BENEDICT. Lon |
and Vasari. Even Burgh's Anecdotes, don: Murray.
though addressed to “the British female Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy. Ein Denkmal für dilletanti,” presuppose, we fear, more zeal seine Freunde. Von W. A. LAMPADIUS. Leipzig :) and more science than are common J. C. Hinrichs. Modern German Music, Recollections, and Criti- amo
od Criti amongst the St. Cecilias of our drawingcisms. By HENRY F. CHORLEY. London : Smith, | rooms. Elder, and Co.
The isolation of music from its sister arts VOL. XXXIX.-NO. IV.
and from literature is, however, chiefly lity of a sun-picture that more ethereal shown in the extreme rarity of allusion to beauty which sometimes glows in the huit in any but the most general sense. man face; but we never yet met with the Nothing is more common in our everyday man, even amongst the most susceptible writing than illustrations drawn from the and eloquent, who could convey the feel. achieved results of other arts. Authors ing raised in him by an Adagio of Beetpossessing no skill of their own, either in hoven otherwise than by ejaculations of a painting or music, speak familiarly of the monotonous ecstasy, or by a far more exformer, yet utterly ignore the latter. The pressive silence. Bachism of Bach, though obvious enough These reasons, however, do not dispel to the musician, is not so available to our our surprise that at least the biography of scribes as the “Corregioscity of Correg-composers should be so scanty, and the gio.” A description of nature brings up facts of their personal histories so rarely the name of a picture or a painter as if it alluded to, as compared with those of the were part of the scene, but we remember great masters in others arts. We should no similar case in which impressions of the rather have supposed that the very mysPastoral Symphony or of Haydn's Sea- tery of that spiritual meaning which the sons are recalled.
composer elicits from sound and rhythm, Probably the reason why that art which that his function as the priest of an oracle most promptly, if not most powerfully, eli- which speaks in language native to the cits the emotions of men, has left the scan- soul yet hidden from the intellect, would tiest impression of that effect on written have created the keenest interest in all records, may be found partly in the origin that related to his person, culture, habits, and partly in the nature of music. In a and external relations. The very secret of creative sense, it is the youngest of the that hero-worship, which of late years has arts. In the earlier ages of the restora- been exaggerated into a dogma, and which tion of learning, the arts of poetry, paint- makes us track with such delight those ing, sculpture, and architecture, seemed to“ footprints on the sands of time” left by come up out of antiquity linked and group- great men of the past, is the piquant con. ed together, each pointing to its own ma- junction, in one view, of that power of terial results. But music, which in ancient large ideal conception which separates times was probably never anything more genius from ordinary humanity, with those than a spontaneous recitative, was not one personal facts which again identify it with of the group, and had no works to show. the mass of common life. Curiosity usualAs the awaking thought of men naturally ly hovers about the point at which the concerned itself much with the media sphere of a strong creative force touches through which it had derived its impulse that of a mere mortal existence, chequered from the past, the arts of form and color with common joys and sorrows. And of entered from the first into the tide of all the powers wielded by human art, that common intellectual interest. Music, how- by which the great master in music ever, which, so far as it had been really developed, seemed to have lapsed into the
"Takes the prisoned soul, silence of oblivion, was only written about
And laps it in Elysium," by those who were slowly creating itanew. But music is itself too subtle an essence to is surely that which might kindle in us the admit readily of verbal analysis. Articu- eagerness of Comus to learn something of lating no definite thought to the mind, the the“ mortal mixture of earth's mould” from mind in its turn can give it no articulate which it emanates. The composing faculecho. The structural features of a compo-ty, besides, if of the highest order, mast sition may indeed be discussed, and they grow in the naturally rich soil of which afford delightful exercise for the faculties strong affections and a reverent will are which recognize proportion, sequence, also indigenous products. Music is itself, symmetry; but all this is professional, not in spite of its many prostitutions to baser popular, while that which is popular and uses, the art most closely related to reli. not professional, is exactly that which can- gion and “homefelt delights.” Nor is its not be translated into words. Language progressive history without that picturis eminently pictorial. The pen of Ruskin esque clustering and contrast of individusteals all the tints of Turner's pencil, and alities along the path of a continuous deveour poets can transcribe with all the fide- I lopment, which gives something of dramatic interest to all history truly so called. poser with whom Mendelssohn had not From the time when old Marbeck, by his much in common, though, as we shall see, solemn services, secretly consoled himself he had his own matter and mode of the and his brethren under persecution, to that loftiest order. We do not, indeed, mean in which an English diplomatic earl wields to say that the actual products of Mendelsbow or baton to the sound of his own mass- sohn's genius fully bear out an analogy es in the cathedral of Vienna—from Ma- with Goethe. "Ars longa, vita brevis, renzio, fretted to death by the resentment was more mournfully true for the compoof one pope, to Rossini, swelling with his ser than for the poet. Though the former melody the premature enthusiasm of Italy early began his work and bent to it with a for another from Jusquin, slyly writing brave earnestness through all his brief caa vocal part consisting of one long note reer, many a golden link is wanting to the for a vain French Louis who had more am- chain with which we might have taken the bition than ability to sing, down to Men- full measure of his powers. delssohn, regenerating Greek and French The general parallel between German tragedy with his music at the bidding of music and German poetry fails in one para Prussian virtuoso, Frederick-music has ticular. Other countries besides Germany had its share in the evolution of historical had great living poets, but the music of events, and musicians have been actors in that land was the music of all the world. many a scene of varied human interest. In imaginative writing France had great The lives of some of them, indeed, have names, and England still greater; but the been marked by incidents as thrilling as sturdiest patriotism of both could but adthose which make the lives of Italian poets mit that there were but one Haydn, one rival their own romances. The escape of Mozart, and one Beethoven. The only Stradella from assassins, whose fell purpose other contemporary school of music, that was melted from their hearts by the pathos of Italian opera, serves, by contrast with of his music, heard in St. John Lateran as its own light and sensuous character, to they lay in wait for his exit, is such an in- show where the soul and intellect of the cident. Handel himself narrowly evaded art found their native energy. The Rhine the deathblow aimed by a baffled rival in and its wines were not more unique phehis art. Madame Dudevant has drawn a nomena to the touring and bibbing portion beautiful picture of the relations between of European society than the music which Porpora and Joseph Haydn, and more re- sprung into being in their neighborhood cently, and with darker tints, of her own was to all lovers of the tuneful art. After association with the wild and subtle Pole, the existence of this concentrated interest Chopin, who held the whole world of ro- for more than a hundred years, Mendelsmance in his two attenuated hands. sohn, in succession to Beethoven, was its
Unquestionably the most striking pas- direct heir. In the presence of Weber, sage in the history of music is the rise and Meyerbeer, and Spohr, he was facile prinunbroken continuity of that series of com- ceps amongst the composers of his time posers which has made Germany, for the and country. As a proof and a conselast century and a half, the musical centre quence of this, there is now scarcely a perof the world. The great period of German formance of high-class music in any part poetry began almost simultaneously. The ofthe world, from the programme of which thunders with which Bach, from his organ, Mendelssohn's name is omitted. How, inaugurated the grandest triumphs of the and under what circumstances, he attained one art, would scarcely be subsided before this great position within the few years Klopstock, in his Odes, sung a noble ad- vouchsafed to him, is an inquiry, we hope, vent hymn to the Augustan era of the not without interest to general readers. other. They were alike, too, in rapid pro- In the early life of Mendelssohn not one gress towards perfection. As poetry cul- favorable augury for a noble future was minated in Goethe, who has himself shown wanting. The very race from which he how far his all-inclusive genius represented sprung was the primeval fountain of sacred that which had gone before, so, at a later melody. He held kinship to Miriam, and period, Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy re- “ the sweet singer of Israel.” His more sumed in the great circle of his creative immediate genealogy was not undistinpower those splendors of musical faculty guished. His grandfather was Moses Menwhich had preceded him. From Bach delssohn, a kind of Hebrew-German Plato, down to Beethoven there is no great com- I who, in the years when German literature was putting on its strength, stood with al records can show. A warm and dismild philosophic countenance by the side cerning affection charged the atmosphere of Lessing, Wieland, and Klopstock, and in which he grew up with every influence was in io degree dwarfed by the stature that could elicit and strengthen his latent of his contemporaries. To the dignified capacities. About his third or fourth year Theism of the grandfather the sacred music the family removed to Berlin, and here, of the grandson seems to succeed in the under the training of Berger, he acquired same relative order as the new to the old his mastery over the piano-forte, which in dispensation. While, however, a great his eighth year he played with wonderful Jew philosopher was well enough for the finish; while in the theory of music he had penultimate link in Mendelssohn's ances- made so much progress under rough old try, the ultimate was still better, for his Zelter-best known as the friend and corfather was a rich banker, possessing all re- respondent of Goethe, that his tutor was sources to lavish upon the culture of the fond of telling with a grim smile how the son, and an eye to see in him something child had detected in a concerto of Bach worthy to tax them all. The genial banker six of those dread offences against the occupied his proud intermediate position grammar of music - consecutive fifths. between Moses and Felix without shar- - The lad plays the piano like the devil,” ing the genius of either; but that position says Zelter to Goethe, amongst many was not to him the “point of indifference' other ejaculations of wonder at Mendels for he showed a humorous appreciation of sohn's early musical development. Finally, the honor in his habitual saying, “When I in 1821, he brought his pupil on a visit to was a boy people used to call me the son, Goethe at Weimar, and with this event and now they call me the father of the commenced the long-standing friendship great Mendelssohn. Nor was there want and correspondence between the composer ing to the early direction of the compo- and the poet. We find amongst Goethe's ser's powers that blessed influence which minor poems a stanza to Mendelssohn, has entered as a primary element into near commemorative of this visit, and inviting ly all that is great in human deed—the its repetition. It is to be presumed that fostering care of a tender and thoughtful at this period Goethe was interested in mother. She was of a distinguished fam- the boy chiefly as a musical prodigy, but ily of the name of Bartholdy, but it was he soon found in him points of closer inher chief distinction and happiness that tellectual contact with the circle of his she gave to her son his last name and his own genius. The immense musical faculty first musical impressions.
of Mendelssohn had not been allowed to Mendelssohn, the second of four child-stunt and maim his other powers of mind. ren, was born in Hamburg on the 3d He was a good classical scholar, and in February, 1809, in a house behind the 1826 he drew warm praise from Goethe church of St. Michael, which house the by a translation of the Andria of Terence. author of the German “ Memorial” takes He was skilful, too, in drawing, and could care to inform us was left standing by the afterwards fix his impressions of the Hegreat fire of Hamburg-a circumstance brides or the Alps in other forms than which, in these degenerate days, we find they assumed in his great pictorial symphoit difficult to attribute to any remains of nies. This became to him a great rethat musical susceptibility which the ele-source as a diversion to his mind in the ments were wont to show in the days of intervals of his wonderful musical activity. Orpheus and “old Amphion. The In general art-criticism he always displaychild's leading taste, displayed itself at an ed an insight and knowledge which might amazingly early age, and it was carefully have done credit to the specialité of Wasnurtured, and every appliance furnished gen. Mendelssohn's mind was, indeed. for its development. No need in this as rich and facile in all departments of mo case, as in poor little Handel's, for stealthy dern intellectual culture as if he had no midnight interviews with a smuggled cla- specialité of his own. But whatever might vicord in a secret attic; nor, as in the be the sources of Goethe's regard for case of Bach, for copying whole books of Mendelssohn, there is evidence enough of studies by moonlight for want of a candle, its strength. When the young composer, churlishly denied. Mendelssohn's child on his first visit to England, in 1829, was hood and youth present as fair a picture thrown from a gig in London and woundof healthy and liberal culture as education-led in the knee, the poet wrote to Zelter