within the last few months; but half of the cloak, we gather, must be George III., Sir Walter Scott, Gold- in the possession of the Royal family, smith, Louis XV. (whose gold snuff- for it is recorded that it was sold to box, enamelled after Fragonard, Princess Charlotte, daughter of the created such excitement when it real- Fourth George. ized 3,3501. in 1898), have rarely been Although the figure representing the mentioned; while Jean Jacques Rous- sum which the First Charles's coat seau, whose collar of brown hol- of State sold for on the last occasion land, with his initials “J. J. R." furnished something of a surprise to in red on the inner side, an article of the collector of relics, he ought not to attire referred to more than once in have been altogether unprepared, in his letters, that was up for auction view of the fact that in February, three years ago, has not been honored 1898, a Court waistcoat, embroidered with a quotation for many months. and worked in colored silk, that was

The article of attire once the prop- once the property of the Second erty of the martyred King Charles Charles, “Le Roi No. 2," was knocked that found its way into the market re- down for nine guineas. The nightcently was a coat of blue silk em- cap worn by Charles I. on the night broidered with silver, with the sleeves before his execution was presented to and pocket turned up with scarlet the Carisbrook Castle Museum about cloth and lined throughout with red three years ago by Queen Victoria, silk. This garment, a very precious and will consequently never figure in relic, the King was wont to don on the auction-room; but in the unlikely State occasions, and at other times to event of the Wellington Pennells diskeep at Broughton Castle, in Oxford- posing of the King's white kid hawkshire, the seat of Lord Saye and Sele. ing gauntlet, embroidered with silver, The price obtained for the coat, 251. that has been in their possession for 48., although it failed to attract any over 200 years, or Mr. Beeston, of attention at the time of the sale, at Market Drayton, selling the gloves which, by the way, the hide of the un- worn by the King on the scaffold, and fortunate French horse Holocauste, Lord Essex parting with the portion who was shot after meeting with an of the Garter donned by the ill-fated accident in the race for the Derby of Charles on the same occasion, they 1899, was knocked down for 21. 58., and other possessors of relics of a was distinctly disappointing, especial- kindred nature will have in the above ly when compared with the sum, 2101., figures a gauge whereby they can obgiven in 1898 for the fine sky-blue silk tain an idea of the sums they may exvest thirty-two inches long, which was pect to receive. worn by the King on the day of his When the blue velvet saddle emexecution. It was, perhaps, the fact broidered in gold, with its stirrups of that the vest was stained in several fine gilt bronze that was once the posplaces with the blood of the martyred session of Dom Pedro II., ex-Emperor monarch that so greatly enhanced its of Brazil, and the green velvet saddle value, for it not only eclipsed the price embroidered in silver and gold, once given for the Broughton Castle relic, the property of the Empress Amélie, but exceeded by 251. five times the widow of Dom Pedro I., realized as value set upon one-half of a cloak much as 801. two years last July, the worn by him on the same fatal thir- handsome price obtained on the octieth of January, 253 years ago, which casion of the sale proved beyond a was sold in 1899 for 371. The other doubt that the vendor had exercised


considerable discrimination in choos- dying man before he gave it to the ing the date of the auction, in which doctor, fetched 1401., or about seven respect he was closely followed by the times the sum obtained for a lock of individual who arranged to sell sev- Napoleon's hair, which, with a handeral Napoleonic relics on the anniver- kerchief that realized the modest sum sary of Waterloo Day three years ago. of 18s. (an outlay that purchased in Relics of the great Napoleon are al- 1899 a piece of the stump cut off the ways eagerly sought after, is stake at which Bishop Hooper was evinced by the fact that when in 1899 burnt in St. Mary's Square, Gloucesa silver-gilt sword, chased with classi- ter), was sold on the same day. cal ornament, and contained in the Earlier in the year, when Chantrey's original leather-covered travelling case bust of Scott realized 2,250 guineas, affected by Bonaparte when on tour, and a small tortoise-shell and silverwas put up to auction, it fetchell no mounted casket, “Presented to Mrs. less than 6501. At another sale the David Garrick by her esteemed friend same year a glass-tipped drinking gob- Samuel Johnson, 1762," sold for 1201. let or tumbler used on similar occa- 158., a pair of pistols, once the propsions by the great soldier fetched 151. erty of Napoleon I., fetched 471. 58. 158., or 15s. more than a small silver The Napoleon legend was very much teapot, in an oak box, that was used in evidence that year. Of literary rel. by the Iron Duke on his later cam- ics, the MS. diaries formerly the proppaigns (the Dublin Hall-mark bears erty of the aforementioned Mrs. David the date 1807), realized about the same Garrick, having been unearthed in the time.

office of a Lincoln's Inn firm of soliciThese figures would suggest that fur- tors, where they had been lying for ther search in the State lumber-rooms eighty years, were put to auction in July of the French Government might be and sold well. The diaries, which conprofitable, insomuch as at the last bat- tained many items similar to that aptue at the one-time head-quarter offi- pearing under the date “September 4, ces of the Paris garrison, in May, 1899, 1751.–A quarrel in the green-room bethere were unearthed, in an old gar

tween Old Cibber and Mrs. Clive, by his ret, all the pots, kettles, pans, and saying the stage wanted a handsome moulds, all marked with a First Em- woman" (not the most tactful remark pire crown and the initials “G. I.," to make in an

actress's presence) comprising the batterie de cuisine of fetched 601., and the sale altogether the officers of the Imperial Guard realized 2531. 2s. 6d. of the Great Napoleon, that would An inkpot used, as a letter from Mr. doubtless fetch a considerable sum W. E. Henley attested, by the late if put up for sale. In July, 1900,

Robert Louis Stevenson on numerous silver-gilt snuff-box, embossed occasions, is another literary relic that with а wreath of vine leaves was in the market recently, and it and grapes, "Presented,” as the in- realized for the fund on whose behalf scription inside tells us, “to Archd. it was sold some 251., or about oneArnott, surgeon of His Majesty's third of the sum given three years ago XXth Foot, by Napoleon Bonaparte,

for a silver ornamental taper-stand on his death-bed at St. Helena, 1821," originally purchased and presented to excited no little interest amongst those his mother by Sir Walter Scott with collectors affecting the Napoleonic era. his first fee (51. 58.) as an advocate. The box, which bore on a panel the The Malacca cane, 4 feet 742 inches letter "X" roughly scratched by the long, having a ferrule 5 inches in


length, and a cream-colored earthen- to a certain extent, by the raid on the ware jug, bequeathed by Shakespeare Nelson relics at Greenwich, which, to his sister Joan Hart, realized 1551. however, does not affect the relic marearly in the year 1900, and proved to ket in any other manner than to add be one of the few lots of relics that to the interest that will be evinced at did not show an enhanced value up- the next great sale of the Admiral's on their previous figures. Many years effects that takes 'place. If the misago the jug sold for 201. and the cane creant who stole the nation's relics of for 51., but in 1893 the pair realized the national hero was led to do so by 1621. 58. A lock 'of Grace Darling's the prices that were current when seyhair, together with a piece of the eral mementoes of the great sailor "Forfarshire,” the nine survivors of were put up to auction about two whose crew she rescued in 1838, sold years ago he must by now be 'very for 41, 5s. recently; but Lord Beacons- sensible as to the difference that lies field's pony chaise, when sold at Hug- between the sentimental and actual henden a year last October, only real- values of booty such as he acquired. ized the small sum of 29s. A model of Two years last March a silver two a ship cut out of a tree felled 'by Mr. handled cup presented to the Admiral Gladstone at Hawarden in 1866 is one by Lady Hamilton inscribed "From of the few memorials of the great Emma, July 2, 1798,” sold for 1151. Home Rule statesman that have come 10s.; a rapier, the pommel set with a into the miscellaneous division of the turquoise and brilliant cluster, which relic market of late 'years, but the was taken from a French officer at price, 5s., was far from indicating the the battle of the Nile and courteously prospect of 'an immediate boom in presented to Nelson by Admiral Gladstonian relics.

Bruys, fetched 501., and a gold ring Another class of relic that has en- with an intaglio bust of Nelson enjoyed a very quiet time recently is the graved "Lord Nelson, ob. 21 October, Crimean War trophy; but in view of 1805," 71. 7s. Should any of these the fact that in a couple of 'years' relics be put up to auction three years time the jubilee of the campaign will hence-i.e., in the Nelson and Trafalbe at hand, prices can be safely ex- gar Centenary Year-it will be interest. pected to harden, in the which most ing to note the prices they realize. A likely event the individual who pur- corner in Nelson relics, if engineered chased a'very small portion of the col- during the next three years, would, in ors of a Russian regiment, taken at view of the hundredth anniversary of Inkerman by the Grenadier Guards, his death, in all probability, be not untogether with a brass' eagle, for 31. 10s. attended by pecuniary success. three years last April-a sum that Mementoes of Oliver Cromwell are would probably have been enhanced as infrequently sold as New River had the sale 'been deferred to the an- Shares; it is therefore 'somewhat reniversary of the battle on November markable that in the course of half-a5—will, should he care to sell, have dozen months two relics of the Proevery reason to congratulate himself tector should change owners. Anothupon his astuteness.

er peculiarity with regard to these The great run on Napoleonic relics sales is the disproportionate values which existed a few years ago is put upon the respective relics. For gradually giving place to a "bull" instance, an old English "beutel," retendency in respect to the effects of sembling military water-bottle, Nelson, which may be accounted for, mounted with two silver shields hav.


ing a medallion portrait of the Lord the aggregate. The average price of Protector and the Royal Arms en- these latter garments, by the way, graved thereon, which also bore the compared most unfavorably with the inscription "Oliver Cromwell, Lord value set upon the tiny shoe worn by Protector, 1653,” sold for 841., or the baby King of Rome, which was. about one-fifth the sum received for a presented in a tal casket, resting richly embroidered cope formerly the on a cushion of violets, “as a memenproperty of Pope Sixtus IV. (1471- to of her triumphant resurrection of 1484), which was in the market at the L'Aiglon,to Madame Sarah Bernsame time; while the collection of hardt recently, or with the small eleven pieces, comprising a portion of enamelled gold Masonic ring, once the the Protector's layette, and including a property of the Hon. Miss Aldworth, cap with the words "Sweet Bab, don't née St. Leger, the only lady Freecry–1599"—the date of his birth-em- mason, which realized 121. two years. broidered upon ít, fetched but 321. in last July.

Harold Macfarlane. Longman's Magazine.




Craft cramp, or craft palsy, is a on his side in an awkward and unnervous disease "caused by handicraft easy attitude, and his eye is turned or interfering with it; the body being "obliquely upwards and to one side." otherwise unaffected.” Dr. Vivian In both situations the strain upon the Poore, a well-known specialist, says eye is extreme, and may give rise to (A System of Medicine, vol. viii.), nystagmus, when the organ of vision there can be no reason why any OC- is thrown out of gear, so to speak, cupation which involves the incessant and the sight ceases to be true. repetition or someone action should Cases not wholly dissimilar are those not give rise to a “cramp” of this sort. of students or hard readers, whose A French scientist, Dr. Duchenne, de- eyes give out or who suffer from verscribes thusc peculiar cramps or pal- tigo; of postmen worrying over ill-adsies

“professional impotences, dressed envelopes; and of savants enwhereby the patient finds himself un- gaged in the terrible labor of decipherable to perform the particular acts by ing manuscripts. Duchenne records which he earns his living." In ex- the case of a patient of his own, a treme cases the patient may become young man, who committed suicide totally and permanently incapacitated. when his eyes had refused their office

Sometimes, to begin with an example of reading. Dr. Poore was consulted not too familiar, the impotence may by a watchmaker who was "seized take the form of a strange affection with a painful cramp" whenever be of the eyes, from which miners have tried to hold his watchmaker's lens in been known to suffer. What is called his eye. These are instances of the “miner's nystagmus” has been found failure, through fatigue, of what are among workers in mines both in Eng. called the muscles of accommodation. land and in France. In walking or Stammering, as distressing as any creeping along the narrow, low-roofed among the lesser disorders

are tunnel of a mine, the miner goes with prey to, is an obvious hindrance in his head down and his eyes strained some callings, and would completely apwards. Again, the miner engaged debar its victim from entrance into in getting coal by "holing," lies prone others. A stammerer in the pulpit




could seldom edify; a stammerer on sees the pen clutched convulsively bethe stage would be impossible. An ex- twixt finger and thumb, the little legs treme instance of stammering as twisted around the leg of the table, professional impotence" is that of the the eyes fixed, the mouth twitching, auctioneer who suddenly found him. the forehead puckered; all these terself unable to say, "going, going- rific efi ts directed to the making of gone!"

the first pot-hook-"almost every musAs illustrations these are, however, cle of the body is engaged.” And this for the most part a little out of the conscious strain in the endeavor to common.

write continues during years. The What is universally known as writ- schoolboy, after four, five or six years er's cramp is the nervous disease of in class, is still painfully "forming his handicraft the doctors are best ac- hand”; and the full-blown clerk has quainted with. It is what one might not acquired it within a year or two's almost call the current, household, or drudgery at the ledger. Some of us ready-made instance of craft palsy. never write to be read, but only to be “Cases of difficulty in writing,” says deciphered. It is to be noted that Dr. Poore, “are far

common the form of muscular fatigue called than all the other craft palsies taken writer's cramp is usually confined, or together. In the past twenty-five chiefly confined, to the fingers which years I have seen many hundred cases grasp the pen. The muscles which of craft palsy of one kind and another, drive it seem to be much less affected. and of these at least ninety per cent. In all occupations which involve a have been cases of 'writing diffi- prolonged, habitual, and more or less culty.' There are patent reasons for

incessant muscular strain, there is a this. Most of us are writers to some liability to break down; but, as might extent, and the name of the profes- be expected, the break-down rarely sional clerk is legion. Hence, if there occurs in early life. The craft palsy, were anything in the mere act of writ- that is to say, is the untoward result ing which was especially liable to de- of sticking steadily to the trade one rangement, we should expect to find has to live by; of sticking to it till that the palsy of writing, among those the muscles concerned are comwho use the pen for a living (I speak pletely wearied that they will no longhere of the pen as a tool and of pen- er respond to the bidding of the brain manship as a clerkly calling), was not-willy nilly, they go on strike; and only a usual and prevalent, but a the disease affects alike the highly quite preponderant disease of its kind. skilled artisan, the indifferent one, and Now, the act of writing is, in fact, es- the bungler. When the craft palsy ceptionally liable to derangement. It proper attacks a very young worker, is, in the main, exceptionally liable to some congenital defect is generally derangement because of the immense looked for. and extraordinary variety of muscular Old women earning a little by knitexertion which goes to produce the ting, which is a complicated process, properly written word. My pen, as I are sometimes forced to lay their write these lines, moves almost auto- needles aside. matically, and I am conscious of no The professional pianist, compelled effort but the intellectual one of giv- to practise many hours a day, is liable ing birth and form to my successive to a disabling form of wrist cramp. sentences. But the mother who gives We may not often hear of the collapse the child its first lessons in writing of a Paderewski; but the humbler ar

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