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Passion and pain of after-lot:
Oh, heart of mine!
But when with sadness overfraught,
Will there not come to the soul, to stay,
A dream of dunes in the moonlight's way,
Isabel Keith Campbell.
Ladies and gentlemen, I am here to- candle brought in stuck in a waterday to unveil the image of one of the bottle to attempt sufficient light to great figures of our country. It is read an extract. And what a meeting right and fitting that it should stand it was-teeming, delirious, absorbed. here. A statue of Mr. Gladstone is Do you have such meetings now? congenial in any part of Scotland. They seem to me pretty good, but the But in this Scottish city, teeming with meetings of that time stand out beeager workers, endowed with a great fore all others in my mind. This University, a centre of industry, com- statue is erected not out of the nation. merce, and thought, a statue of Wil- al subscription, but by contributions liam Ewart Gladstone is at home. from men of all creeds in Glasgow But you in Glasgow have more per- and in the West. sonal claims to a share in the inheri- I must, then, in what I have to tance of Mr. Gladstone's fame. I, at say leave out altogether the political any rate, can recall one memory, the aspect of Mr. Gladstone. In some record of that marvellous day in De- cases such a rule would omit all that cember, 1879, nearly 23 years ago, was interesting in a man. There are when the indomitable old man deliv. characters from which if you subered his Rectorial address to the stu- tracted politics there would be nothdents at noon, a long political speech ing left. It was not so with Mr. Gladin St. Andrews-hall in the evening, stone. To the great mass of his feland a substantial discourse on receiv- low-countrymen he was, of course, a ing an address from the corporation statesman, wildly worshipped by at 10 o'clock at night. Some of you some, wildly detested by others. But may have been present at all these to those who were privileged to know gatherings, some only at the political him, his politics seemed but the least meeting. If they were they may re- part of him. The predominant part to member the little incidents of the which all else was subordinated was meeting, the glasses which were hope. his religion. The life which seemed lessly lost and then, of course, found to attract him most was the life of on the orator's person, the desperate the library; the subject which en
grossed him most was the subject of • Address dellvered by Lord Rosebery at the
the moment, whatever it might be, anyelling of a statue of William Ewart Glad
and that when he was out of office stone, at Glasgow, October 18, 1902.
was very rarely politics. Indeed, I no one who knew Mr. Gladstone could sometimes doubt whether his natural fail to see that it was the essence, the bent was towards politics at all. · Had savor, the motive power of his life. his course taken him that way, as it Strange as it may seem, I cannot very nearly did, he would have been doubt that, while this attracted many a great Churchman, greater perhaps to him, it alienated others-others, than any that this island has known. not themselves irreligious, but who He would have been a great professor suspected the sincerity of so manifest if you could have found a University a devotion, and who, reared in the big enough to hold him. He would moderate atmosphere of the time, dishave been a great historian, a great liked the intrusion of religious conbookman. He would bave grappled siderations into politics. These, howwith whole libraries, and wrestled ever, though numerous enough, were with academies bad the fates placed the exceptions, and it cannot, I think, him in a cloister. Indeed, it is difficult be questioned that Mr. Gladstone not to conceive the career, except perhaps merely raised the tone of public disthe military, in which his energy and cussion, but quickened and renewed intellect and application would not the religious feeling of the society in uave placed him on a summit. Poli- which he moved. But that is not the tics, however, took him and claimed faith of which I am thinking to-day. his life-service, but, jealous mistress What is present to me is the faith as she is, could never thoroughly ab- with which he espoused and pursued sorb him. Such powers as I have indi- great causes. There, also, he had cated seem to belong to a giant and a faith sufficient to move mountains, prodigy, and I can understand many and did sometimes move mountains. turning away from the contemplatiou He did not lightly resolve. He came of such a character feeling that it is to no hasty conclusion, but when he too far removed from them to interest had convinced himself that a cause them, and it is too unapproachable to was right, it engrossed him, it inspired help them-like reading of Hercules bim with a certainty as deep-seated and Hector, mythical heroes, whose and imperious
moved achievements the actual living mortal mortal man. To him, then, obstacannot bope to rival. Well, that is cles, objections, counsels of doubttrue enough. We have not received ers and critics were as naught. He intellectual faculties equal to Mr. pressed on with the passion of a whirlGladstone's, and we cannot hope to wind, but also with the steady pertie with him in the exercise, but, sistence of some puissant machine. apart from them, his great force was He had, of course, like every statescharacter, and amid the vast multi- man, often to traffic with expediency. tude that I am addressing there is He had always, I suppose, to accept done who may not be helped by him. something less than his ideal, but his
The three signal qualities which unquenchable faith, not in himself, made him what he was were courage, though that with experience must industry, and faith-dauntless
have waxed strong-not in himself, age, unilagging industry, faith but in his cause-sustained him among which was part of his fibre-these the necessary shifts and transactions were the levers with which he moved of the moment, and kept bis head high the world. I do not speak of bis re- in the heavens. Such faith, such moral ligious faith. That demands a wor- conviction, is not given to all men, for thier speaker and another occasion, but all the treasures of his nature were
in ingots, and not in dust; but there is marvellous powers of concentration. perhaps no man without some faith in When he was staying at Dalmeny in some cause or some person. If so, let 1879 he kindly consented to sit for his him take heart, in however small a bust. The only difficulty was that minority he may be, by remembering there was no time for sittings, so the how mighty a strength was Glad- sculptor with his clay model
was stone's power of faith.
placed opposite Mr. Gladstone as he His next great force lay in his in- worked, and they spent the mornings dustry. I do not know if the aspers- together, Mr. Gladstone writing away ions of "ca' canny' be founded, but, at and the clay figure of himself, less any rate, there was no “ca' canny" than a yard off, gradually assuming about him. From his earliest school- shape and form. Anything more disdays, if tradition be true, to the bed tracting I cannot conceive, but it had of death he gave his full time and no effect on the busy patient. And energy to work. No doubt his capac- now let me make a short digression. ity for labor was unusual. He would I saw recently in the newspapers that sit up all night writing a pamphlet there was some complaint of the manand work next day usual. An ners of the rising generation in Glaseight-hours day would have been a gow. If that be so they are heedless: holiday to him, for be preached and of Mr. Gladstone's example. It might practised the gospel of work to its be thought that so impetuous a temper fullest extent. He did not indeed dis- as his might be occasionally rough or dain pleasure. No one enjoyed phys- abrupt. That was not so. His exquiical exercise, or a good play, or site urbanity was one of his most conpleasant dinner more than he. He spicuous graces. I do not now only aldrank in deep draughts of the high- lude to that grave, old-world courtesy est and the best that life had to offer, which gave so much distinction to his but even in pastime he was never idle. private life, for his sweetness of man. He did not know what it was to ner went far beyond demeanor. His saunter. He debited himself with spoken words, his letters even when every minute of his time. He com- one differed from him most acutely bined with the highest intellectual were all marked by this special note. powers the faculty of utilizing them to He did not like people to disagree with the fullest extent by intense applica- him-few people do—but, so far as tion. Moreover, his industry was pro- manner went, it was more pleasant to digious in result, for he was an ex- disagree with Mr. Gladstone than to traordinarily rapid worker. Dumont be in agreement with some others. says of Mirabeau that till he met that Lastly, I come to his courage. That, extraordinary man he had no idea of perhaps, was his greatest quality, for how much could be compressed into a when he gave his heart and reason to day. “Had I not lived with him,” he cause he never counted the cost. says, “I should not know what can be Most men are physically brave and accomplished in a day-all that can this nation is reputed to be especially be compressed into an interval of 12 brave, but Mr. Gladstone was brave hours." A day was worth more to him among the brave. He had to the end than a week or a month to others. the vitality of physical courage, Many men can be busy for hours with When well on in his ninth decade, a mighty small product but with Mr. well on to 90, he was knocked over Gladstone every minute was fruitful. by a cab and before the by-standers That, no doubt, was largely due to his could rally to his assistance he had
pursued the cab with a view to taking he had had so much of it. Nor did
for a moment on three of his great with him like the others from the first. moral charcteristics, enough to have A contemporary of his at Eton once snatched from the fleeting hours a told me of a scene at which my in- few moments of communion with the formant was present when some loose mighty dead. History has not yet alor indelicate toast was proposed and lotted him bis definite place, but no. all present drank it but young Glad- one would now deny that he bestone. In spite of the storm of objur- queathed a pure standard of life, a gation and ridicule that raged around record of lofty ambition for the public him he jammed his face, as it were, good as he understood it, a monument down in his hands on the table and of life-long labor. Such lives speak would not budge. Every schoolboy for themselves. They need no statues. kuows-for we may here accurately They face the future with the couti. use Macaulay's well-known expression dence of high purpose and endea vor.. -every schoolboy knows the courage The statues are not for them but for that this implies, and even by the us—to bid us be conscious of our trust, heedless generation of boybood it was mindful of our duty, scornful of opappreciated, for we find an Etonian position to principle and faith. They writing to his parents to ask that he summon us to account for time and might go to Oxford rather than Cam. opportunity. They embody an inspirbridge on the sole ground that at Ox. ing tradition. They are milestones in ford he would have the priceless ad- the life of a nation. The effigy of vantage of Gladstone's influence and Pompey was bathed in the blood of example. Nor did his courage ever his great rival; let this statue bave thefag. He might be right, or he might nobler destiny of constantly calling to. be wrong-that is not the question life worthy rivals of Gladstone's fame. berebut when he was convinced that and character. Unveil then that stat. he was right not all the combined pow- ue. Let it stand to Glasgow in alli ers of Parliament or society or the time coming for faith, fortitude, courmultitude, could for an instant binder age, industry, qualities apart from inhis course, whether it ended in success tellect or power or wealth, which may or in failure. Success left him calm; suspire all her citizens, however huwble, however weak. Let it remind the most unthinking passer-by of the dauntless character which it represents, of his long life of high and hon
est purpose. Let it leaven by an immortal tradition the population which lives and works and dies around this monument.
The London Times.
LAMARCK, DARWIN, AND WEISMANN.*
It is no doubt true that in some species, and who fall back upon views sense or other “we are all evolution- more or less resembling those held by ists now.” As Lord Salisbury said at Buffon, Lamarck, and St. Hilaire at Oxford in 1894, Darwin “has, as least a century ago. A third party, matter of fact, disposed of the doc- while recognizing natural selection as trine of the immutability of the a vera causa, declines to consider it as species.” The theory of development incompatible with the factors relied by descent in the animal and vege- on by the earlier transformists, and table kingdoms is universally received appeals to the example of Darwin among
of science, and is at himself in justification of the attempt the present day as much a part of the to reconcile the old with the new conpopular view of nature as are the ception of organic evolution. great generalizations of geology or the The conflict of opinion here briefly Copernican account of the solar sys- sketched has not unnaturally led to tem.
some confusion in the minds of those But with all this agreement as to who for various reasons are unable the central fact of organic evolution, to keep pace with the rapidly chang. there is still much difference of opin- ing phases of scientific controversy. ion in regard to the methods of the It is somewhat perplexing, for inprocess. Those who are absolutely at stance, to be told that Darwin's own one as to the end are often at com. system is discredited, while the genplete variance as to the means. On eral theory that he did so much to esthe one side we have a school of bi- tablish rests on a firmer foundation olgists who assert that the scientific than ever. On the one hand it is alview of evolution practically begins leged that his work in the cause of with Darwin and Wallace, and that evolution is only likely to be permaeven Darwin himself injured his ar. nent in so far as it follows the lines gument by preserving too many of the previously laid down by Lamarck; on older notions and by refraining from the other hand the recognition by carrying out his own principles to Darwin of the validity of the "Latheir legitimate conclusion. On the marckian factors” is looked upon as a other side there are those who argue deplorable defect in his scheme of that Darwin's distinctive theory of transmutation. Either view seems natural selection is utterly inadequate damaging to Darwin's claim to the as an explanation of the origin of chief position among evolutionists,
• 1. “Philosophie Zoologique." Par J. B. P. A. Lamarck. (Paris, 1809.) 2. "The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection." By Charles Darwin. (London, 1869.) 8. "Das
Kelmplasa: elne Theorie der Vererbung." Von August Weigmann. (Jena, 1892.) And other works.