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Even granting the truth in what the Hindoos who tried to establish the ChurCatholics mean by the virtue of “detach- ruck Pooja or Swinging Festival, but were ment," granting, that is, that we ought to prevented by the Government; 25,000 live a life that is not all absorbed and were negroes; 20,000 Portuguese of Mawrapped up in earthly duties, that can bear deira, nominally Catholic, and some, 50,000 to contemplate a complete transformation or so Chinese, who have either no religion of those duties, -even granting this, En- at all or adopt that of the ruling race. glishmen are likely to attain it, so far as The tongues spoken are endless, the variethey ever can, rather by exhausting the full ties of civilization as numerous, but still meaning of them, and finding out that they above them all calmly sits the Englishman, are not enouglı for the whole life within us, insisting on order, and in the main securing than by any sudden rupture of them. We, it, except when circumstances bring to light as a nation, if we ever do attain “ detach- the inexplicable antipathy entertained by the ment," shall do so by exhausting the power Chinaman for the negro, an antipathy appaof “ attachment," not by being shaken free rently deeper seated than that of the Anglofrom earthly ties. We suspect an era of Saxon. Among them all, the least known earthquake would demoralize us even more and the most interesting are the Aborigines, than it would demoralize most other races whom the Government for many reasons, of our globe.
the principal, perhaps, being that we, and not they, are the intruders, — have very much let alone. They have, however, an attrac
tion for the Missionaries, and the author of From The Spectator. this volume has resided years among them, THE INDIANS OF GUIANA.* and appears to have visited some of their Mr. Brett has had good materials to observer, a fair draughtsman, and the work
most sequestered retreats. He is a keen work with, but he has not used them well
. leaves a strong impression of his personal We make no objection, except on the score
truthfulness, not an invariable quality of of taste, to the odd little tags or sentences of artificial and unctuous piety with which
The general type of the natives of Guihe studs his writing, for he is evidently a
ana is quite uniform.
" Their skin is of a sincere man yielding to a professional habit; but his book is discursive to weariness, and copper tint, a little darker than that of lis information disjointed. He has adopted hair is straight and
the natives of Southern Europe. Their
and continues the chronological form of narrative, and facts jet black till an advanced period of life, about the same tribe bave often to be sought at Their eyes are also black and keen, and wide intervals. Most Englishmen will, how- their sight and hearing very acute." The ever, gain something from his book; for few
men wear nothing of their own accord but a Englishmen, we suspect, are aware of the remarkable experiment working itself out in strip of cotton about the loins, and on festi
vals coronals of feathers; and the women Guiana, of the amazing precipitate of man small aprons of beads, and necklaces either which has gradually there deposited itself of beads or teeth taken from wild animals ; under British protection. Imagine a trop- but the Missionaries teach them some rules ical Delta, or a series of three Deltas, of dress as essential to godly, or at all 200 miles in breadth, and of an almost un events to decorous, life. They dwell in known depth into the interior, pierced by thatched huts with sloping roofs, which many rivers, and inhabited, so far as it is inhabited at all — that is, on the coast — by
usually contain two apartments, one for the
man and his goods, the other for the women almost every dusky race under the sun,
and children. Most of them allow polygnative Ainericans," savage as the Red Indians, but more amenable to authority; women, and are expert both with the bow
amy, throw the drudgery of life on their negrocs, Portuguese from Madeira, Hindoos
and arrow and the blow-pipe, weapon from Bengal and the Nerbudda Valley, almost peculiar to themselves. Thus far Mohammedans from all parts of India, Pagans from the Nagpore jungles, and Chi- they differ little from other savages, and es
pecially from the Aborigines of India, but nese from the Southern provinces... of the they have a few customs peculiar to them100,000 immigrants imported within 30 selves. The most remarkable of these is years of the Emancipation, 50,000 were their mode of avenging murder. When from India, soine of them Mussulmans who still observe the Mohurrum; and more tribe indicates the murderer, and the near
any one is put to death the sorcerer of the The Indian Tribes of Guiana. By Rev. W. a. est relative then goes through certain cereBrett. London: Bell and Daldy.
monies, which end in his becoming a “ Kanaima,” that is, a man possessed with take in hand, whether it be for evil or for the deity of that name. He devotes him- good. So at least we found it with this self to the slaughter of the murderer, or clan, then separate from all their brethren. some one of his family, lives by rule, and Having believed and embraced Christianity, appears to work himself up to a state of they were evidently trying to live up to it. madness, in which he is as dangerous as a Of those who first came to us, there rewild beast. When his victim is found he mained, in a few years, not one unbaptised, first renders him dumb by pressing poison nor a couple unmarried.” It appears that into his mouth, then kills him ; and then if even in the wild state their women are the relatives remove the body visits his chaste, and they are probably the only savgrave to run a stake through his heart, in ages in the world who habitually speak low, order that he may taste it. If he can fulfil a mark of a character given to selfall these ceremonies he goes home com- restraint. Even the Acawoios, however, posed, if not, he wanders on till overtaken yield both in courage and cruelty, to the by madness or starvation. This custom is Caribs, the warrior tribe which once ruled dying out on the coast, but is still pre- the whole of this region, was declared by served in the interior, and, perhaps, ac- the Dutch to eat its enemies, and was uncounts for the dislike of many tribes to questionably fierce and courageous beyond quarrelling. The uniformity of the native any other 'in America. The Caribs are clans is only apparent, as the word “na- now comparatively civilized, though still tive” includes several tribes, notably the liable to ferocious bursts of passion, and in Arawaks, Acawoios, Waraus, and Caribs. Guiana, as everywhere, they are rapidly The Arawaks, or Lokono, are a gentle dying out. On the Corentyn, the eastern tribe, much favoured by the Dutch, who boundary of the colony, rude carvings are take readily to Christianity and civilization, constantly seen in places whence the huseldom quarrel, and would, but for a ten-man race has died out, the Caribs having dency to get drunk on chewed cassava, apparently worn themselves out with war, very much resemble the less civilized in- slave-hunting, and the orgies to which the habitants of Bengal. They are willing to latter habit gave rise. They had probably learn, are interested in maps and pictures, adopted, moreover, some habit of infantiand exhibit, as we gather from several cide, for in 1866 the average of children anecdotes, a livelier conscience than most among a few scattered families which still semi-civilized people. The Waraus seem remained was only one per couple. In one to be precisely like the Sonthals, cling to place where they had been numerous, only the coast, are indolent, but capable of hard 29 Caribs remained, still honoured by the labour, and, unlike most American savages, Indians of other tribes as the descendants are of a jovial disposition. The Acawoios of a once irresistible race. The same deare a fiercer tribe, who combine the avoca- cline is visible in all provinces, and this tion of traders and pirates. They under- not only within our rule, but in districts take immense journeys, which they make in which no white man has ever visited - a armed parties, to Venezuela or Brazil, strange fact, as it disposes of one plausible usually massacring the people of any vil- theory, that the presence of Europeans imlage en route not strong enough to resist presses the native imagination till, hopeless them. They are brave to audacity, and of rivalling or enduring the invaders, they are dreaded by their neighbours, and ex- perish of melancholy. At all events, unhibit the phenomenon, rare, though not un- like the aborigines of India and the neknown among savages, of discontent with groes, they are perishing, and officials extheir own creed. In 1845 an impostor, pect speedily to record their extinction. supposed to have been a white man, sum- The creed of all these races seems to be moned them to encamp in a sort of para- of the same kind, a general belief in a dise, as he described it, and they marched in Supreme being, and a special belief in evil in hundreds from all parts of their territory, spirits, furies or demons whom he allows to received orders from a concealed voice, and torment mankind an idea almost univerremained encamped, waiting apparently for sal among races who have found nature a new revelation, till after twelve months' hostile. They hold that man was created delay they came to the conclusion that they by God, or His son Sign, and tell wild and had been duped by the Devil. Once civi- poetic legends to account for the natural lized, they become excellent Christians. facts around them. They believe in the “Quiet resolution and strength of purpose future life, and bury their dead upright to seem to be characteristic of this more than show that they are not beasts, and have a of any other aboriginal tribe; and they en- tradition of a deluge, and like other Ameriter thoroughly into whatever business they can Indians repeat stories of great men who taught them improvements and then called the Merrimac, and that she would “ went upwards." The Waraus are said to soon leave Richmond, prepared to destroy hold a belief about the fall of man not our fleet and burn our towns, without meetwidely differing from that of the author of ing with any power that could probably reGenesis, indeed, so like it, that we are in- sist her. The whole country was alarmed, clined to suspect Mr. Brett of a too credu- as well as the Government. lous attention to a native who had heard Under these circumstances a special agent the Christian account. There is, however, was directed by telegraph to wait upon little evidence that any tribe in Guiana had Commodore Vanderbilt at 11 o'clock at ever reached a civilized stage, and some night and ask him for what sum of money that they were once wilder than they are, he could agree to blockade this iron-clad Mr. Brett having discovered great mounds and keep her from getting out of port. of shells filled with the skeletons of men Commodore Vanderbilt instantly said to who had evidently been eaten, the bones the agent: having been carefully cracked to extract “Telegraph to Mr. Stanton that I will the marrow. The modern Indians speak see him at once," and went immediately to with horror of cannibalism, and Mr. Brett, Washington, called upon Mr. Stanton, and who knows them so thoroughly, apparently said to him: “I have come on about this regrets the extinction which seems to be business. Who is there to be consulted ? their doom. They will be replaced, it If any one, call him, as I have no time to seems clear, either by a composite race, talk it over twice." Mr. Stanton replied, with negro blood predominating in its “ The President, Mr. Lincoln, must be conveins, a race hardy, prolific, and somewhat sulted.” “Then,” said the Commodore, untamable; or by Chinese, whom the Euro- let us go to his house at once,” which peans greatly prefer to all other immi- they did. grants, as they bring with them, at all Mr. Lincoln said: “Can you stop this events, the capacity for speedy civilization. iron-clad ? ” The Commodore replied: The Chinaman, it is well known, prospers Yes, at least there are nine chances out of in all climates, and we may yet discover in ten I can. I will take my ship, the C. VanGuiana the secret which Lord Dalhousie derbilt, cover her machinery, &c., with 500 used to say was beyond English power, bales of cotton, raise the steam, and rush how to govern Chinamen so that their her with overwhelming force on the ironTrades' Unions should not be stronger than clad, and sink her before she can escape, or the law.
cripple us." Mr. Lincoln then said: "How much money will you demand for such a service ? " Commodore Vanderbilt replied
that the Government had not money enough COMMODORE VANDERBILT AND THE WAR
to hire him; that he had not come to specu- AN INTERESTING ANECDOTE.
late upon the trials of his country, but to We find the following interesting anec- try and help her in this her hour of need; dote in a letter to the Evening Post. We that he would give them his ship without have reason to know that its statements are charge; that he would instantly order her strictly correct. As an act of justice to by telegraph to be equipped and on her way Commodore Vanderbilt, and as an illustra- toward Richmond in thirty-six hours, which tion of his prompt, liberal, and disinterested of his own captains, and the Commodore in
was done, she sailing under the order of one patriotism, it is worthy of preservation
person on board. among the most interesting incidents of our
Having reached Hampton Roads, among great civil war.
New York Times. our blockading squadron, the Commander
of the fleet went on board the ship. After To the Editors of the Evening Post : some consultation, Commodore Vanderbilt
No private citizen has probably ever asked him if the iron-clad would probably shown more patriotism than Cornelius Van- come out. The Commander replied: “She derbilt. His liberality to the Government will.” “Then,” said Commodore Vanderduring the darkest period of the rebellion bilt, “ I have one favor to ask of you, and should be recorded in the heart of every that is, if she should come, you will keep truc American, and his example handed your fleet out of the way, that I may have down to animate remotest ages. All this room to sink her.” The iron-clad, as is was proved in this way. Mr. Stanton, well known, did come out, and was disabled while Secretary of War, had, from his scouts and put back by the Monitor, sent from within the rebel lines, ascertained that the New York. The object being accomplished, rebels had about completed their iron-clad | Commodore Vanderbilt left his ship and came home, and has never asked or received I charge himself with the duty of handing one cent for his ship, ever since held as them down to posterity; the school-books Government property, and which at the will contain the account, and the eyes of moment they took her was worth fully $1, children yet unborn will glisten as they 500,000. Instead of giving them this sum read and reflect upon such true and lofty he could have made almost any terms for patriotism; which is an invaluable inherihimself.
tance to our country, and should be placed This interview with the President and on the same shelf in the archives where are Secretary at once enabled them to see that deposited the famous deeds of our most disthey had in their presence an extraordinary tinguished men. man. Mr. Lincoln said: “Can you not Noble, generous, and self-sacrificing as all turn one of your other ships into an iron- this is, its brilliancy is obscured by the abclad?” Yes," was the reply, “ I think I sence of all ostentation in the quiet, retiring can, and have her ready in six weeks; but and unpretending manner in which the great must first consult my engineers and head- work was done. builders ; my price for this smaller ship will In 1813, the Austrian Government being be $500,000.” Mr. Lincoln turned to Mr. distressed for money, they went to the RothsStanton and said: “We accept these terms childs, who granted a loan, probably as a
it is a bargain.” Commodore Vander- mere business transaction. So great was bilt at once gave orders to equip this smaller the gratitude of the Emperor that he creaship, and see if she was capable for what she ted all the brothers of the eminent house was intended. After some time, during barons, which titles they have since enjoyed, which she had been nearly cased in bar iron, and to which all Europe considers them enthe Commodore found, to his regret, that titled. No distinguished citizen has ever he could not make her what was needed, expressed less desire for notoriety than and he at once released the Government Commodore Vanderbilt. No man has ever from their contract, and thus relieved his conducted large transactions with a more noble gift from all suspicion of receiving decided and independent mind, and no man with it any pecuniary advantage.
enjoys a higher reputation for gentleness of These great transactions should be com- character, conciliation, and princely liberalmemorated on canvas. The historian will lity to those with whom he contends.
A PLEA FOR THE SEA-BIRDS.
Stay now thine hand !
Oh, stay thine hand !
For bird's sake, spare !
For man's sake, spare !
To glance and glide before him everywhere,
For God's sake, spare !
Oh, stay thine hand !
Yet on thine hand,
Churchman's Family Magazine.
No. 1282.- December 26, 1868.
CONTENTS. 1. CLEVER WOMEN,
Blackwood's Magazine, 771 2. THE COUNTRY-HOUSE ON THE RAINE. Part VI. By
Berthold Auerbach. Translated from the German
785 3. THE BULWER SCANDAL,
795 4. LETTICE LISLE. Part II.,
796 5. WILL EMIGRATION LAST?
809 6. ANIMAL REVERENCE,
810 7. ENGLISH AND FRENCH CITIES,
813 8. BARTER IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY,
Pall Mall Gazette,
815 9. A JAPANESE GRAMMAR,
818 10. THE FUTURE OF PHOTOGRAPHY,
820 11. WILLIAM MOTHERWELL'S POEMS,
Churchman's Family Magazine, 822 Title and Index to Vol. 99.
POETRY. “ Nor FALSE, BUT FICKLE,”
770 | APTER ELECTION. By J. G. Whittier, 808 THE SPHINX,
SHORT ARTICLES. BABY IN CALIFORNIA, 795 | SNOW EYES,
798 THE COBRA Poison,
JUST PUBLISHED AT THIS OFFICE :
PREPARING FOR PUBLICATION AT THIS OFFICE:
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