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prose will be caught by the poetry. | Germanizing English ones. Here is a pas-
Shakespeare, Milton, Dante, Coleridge, sage from Hans Breitmann's Barty,"
Wordsworth, Mrs. Browning, and Tenny- which will illustrate these peculiarities of
son are excellent authorities on the subjects idiom; and the reader will notice how make
of death, the sorrow which follows death, ing one's self “at homne" comes out as
and the hopes which soothe the heart and making one's self “ to house" - a confusion
draw the eyes of sorrow towards the in both languages which is scarcely expli-
“ blessed home.” The pieces of the minor cable :
poets are full of good feeling; but justice
requires it to be said that some of them are

“ Hans Breitmann gife a barty;

Dere all vas Souse and Brouse, poor, and could be profitably replaced by

Ven de sooper comed in, de gompany much finer verses finer, we mean, in the

Did make demselfs to house; essence of poetry, and in poetic execution,

Dey ate das Brot and Gensy broost, not better in moral or spiritual sincerity. De Bratwurst and Braten vine, Altogether, however, the volume is care

Und vash der Abendessen down fully compiled, and is admirably adapted to Mit four parrels of Neckarwein. the purpose of the editor. "One of the verses quoted is from Tennyson's fine poem

Hans Breitmann gife a barty; “ The Grandmother" La verse conveying

Ve all cot troonck ash bigs. in simple touches a profound conception of

I poot mine mout' to a parrel of bier the comparativeness, if not the perfect

Und emptied it oop mit a schwigs. oneness of time and space :

Und den I gissed Madilda Yane

Und she shlog me on de kop, “ So Willie has gone, my beauty, my eldest

Und de gompany vighted mit daple-lecks born, my flower;

Dill de coonshtable made oos shtop. But how can I weep for Willie, he has gone but

Hans Breitmann gife a barty — for an hour,

Vhere ish dat barty now? Gone for a minute, my son, from this room into the next;

Vhere ish de lofely golden cloud

Dat float on de moundain's prow? I, too, shall be gone in a minute. What time

Vhere ish de himmelstrahlende Stern -
have I to be vext?

De shter of de sphirit's light?
All goned afay mit de Lager Beer-

Afay in de ewigkeit!”
From The London Review.

Hans Breitmann goes to fight the rebels.
HANS BREITMANN'S PARTY.* He encounters a colonel of cavalry, and a
AMERICA has been busy of late years in tremendous hand-to-hand fight takes place.
sending us humorists and prime donne; and Breitmann disarms his enemy, and, as the
among the former, Mr. C. G. Leland cer- latter lies prostrate on the ground, Breit-
tainly claims a well-merited place. The mann offers to spare his life if he will be-
odd, quaint little ballads collected in this lieve in moral ideas. The conquered foe
tiny volume are really very amusing; and al- knows nothing about moral ideas; he con-
though it is obvious that much of their fun fesses that he is “ignoranter ash de nigs
consists in the jumbled English-German of for dey takes de Tribune ;” and, in the
the writing, there are still to be found bits course of his reply, he reveals the fact that
of humour as sly and as apparently uncon- he is Breitmann's son. Breitinann ex-
scious as those of Mr. James Russell Low- claims :
ell; while the grave burlesque of certain

“• Und vas dy fader Breitmann? Bist du his other passages is quite as good as much of

kit und kin? the late Artemus Ward. Hans Breitmann Den know dat ich der Breitmann dein lieber is an American Hudibras, who goes forth to Vater bin ! the wars. His adventures are related in his Der Breitmann pooled his hand-shoe off und own peculiar diction — the mixture of mon- shooked him py de hand; grel German, bad English, and Yankeeisms • Ve’ll hafe some trinks on strengt' of diswhich the ruder kind of German emigrant else may I pe tam'd!” sometimes acquires in America. No one

• Oh ! fader, how I shlog your kop,' der younger can properly appreciate the fun of these bal- Breitmann said; lads unless his acquaintance with German • I'd den dimes sooner had it coom right down on enables him to recognize the oddities pro

mine own headt!' duced by Anglicizing German words and

Oh, never mind — dat soon dry oop- I shticks

him mit a blaster; • Hans Breitmann's Party. With Other Ballads. If I had shplit you like a fish, dat vere a vorse By C. G. Leland. London: Trubner,



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Dis fight did last all afternoon - wohl to de fes- • Dere you sees de fisch a schwimmin',

Und you catches dem efery one:'. Und droo de streets of Vinchesder, de Breitmann So sang dis wasser maiden he did ride.

Vot hadn't got nodings on. Vot vears der Breitmann on his hat? De ploom

• Dere ish drunks all full mit money of fictory! Who's dat a ridin' py his side? Dis here's

In ships dat vent down of old; mein son,' says he.

Und you helpsh yourself, by dunder !

To shimmerin crowns of gold. How stately rode der Breitmann oop!- how lordly he kit down !

• Shoost look at dese shpoons und vatches ! How glorious from de great pokal he drink de

Shoost see dese diamant rings ! bier so prown!

Coom down and full your bockets, But der Yunger bick der parrel oop und schwig

Und I'll giss you like efery dings. him all at one.

•Vot you vantsh mit your schnapps und lager! • Bei Gott! dat settles all dis dings — I know Coom down into der Rhine! dou art mein son !'

Der ish pottles der Kaiser Charlemagne Der one has got a fader; de oder found a child. Vonce filled mit gold-rel wine!' Bofe ride oopon one war-path now in pattle Dat fetched-he sthood all sphell pound; fierce und vild.

She pooled his coat-tails down,
It make so glad our hearts to hear dat dey did She drawed him oonder der wasser,
so succeed

De maiden mit nodings on.”
Und damit has sein Ende DES JUNGEN BREIT-

“ Das hat mit ihrem Singen, die Lorelei must be said that he is able to make himself nunciation of English, let him write a balFor Hans Breitmann's lingual powers it gethan." Mr. Leland should go a step fur

ther. Having burlesqued the German prointelligible in a foreign country. Perhaps lad or two in French and German, with the a considerable majority of his English readers who will laugh over his bad pronuncia- pronunciation conferred upon those lantion might not shine much better themselves guages by the English. Perhaps the result

would be more pitable than comic. were they to avoid valets-de-place and polyglot waiters. By far the funniest thing in the book,

From The Daily News. however, is a burlesque ballad of the Rhine. THE SWEDISH ARCTIC EXPEDITION. The old story of the knight and the mer


an error in the telegram maid, which has been told in a hundred dif- which announced the return of the Swedish ferent ways, is here put into modern words; Arctic Expedition. The highest latitude and the maiden“ who has got nothing on

attained by Professor Nordenskiold was 82 tempts the knight down into subaquean deg. 40 min. instead of 81 deg. 40 min. haunts with promises of material blessings. The difference is important. In fact, the The ballad is altogether so quaint and dry Swedish expedition at once takes its place in its humour that it will bear quoting in as the most promising attempt yet made to

determine whether the North Pole can be “ Der noble Ritter Hugo

reached or not. In the first place, the exVon Schwillensaufenstein,

pedition attained a higher latitude on the Rode out mit shpeer and helmet,

open sea than had ever before been reached. Und he coom to de panks of the Rhine.

Sir Edward Parry travelled as far north as Und oop dere rose a meer-maid,

latitude 82 deg. 45 min. over the ice fields Vot hadn't got nodings on,

which lie to the north of Spitzbergen. Thus Und she says Oh, Ritter Hugo,

the Union Jack has been carried some three Vhere you goes mit yourself alone?' miles or so further north than the Swedish And he says, “I rides in de creenwood, flag. But the ease and rapidity with which Mit helmet und mit spheer,

the Swedes accomplished their work place Till I cooms into ein Gasthaus,

the late expedition fully on a par with Und dere I trinks so me beer.'

Parry's boat-and-sledge journey; and the Und den outsphoke de maiden

evidence which it affords respecting the seaVot hadn't got nodings on:

route to the Pole is quite as important as I tont dink mooch of beoplesh

that which is suggested — rather than diDat goes mit demselfs alone.

rectly presented — by Parry's voyage. It • You'd petter coom down in de wasser,

will be remembered that Parry's party found Vere dere's helps of dings to see,

that the ice-fields over which they were laUnd hafe a sphlendid tinner

boriously tracking their way northwards, Und drafel along mit me.

were floating almost as fast towards the


south. So far, then, there was evidence I visible when the open water which it indithat the sea on which the fields had formed cates is as yet forty or fifty miles off, or was both wide and deep. It also became even further. Therefore, the northern clear that this sea extends much further to boundary of Parry's ice-field must have the north than Parry had been able to get, lain far away to the north; and adding the because it is obvious that the ice on which distance thus indicated to the southerly drift he and his party stood when they had at- of the field, it will be seen that the open tained their highest northerly latitude must water which lay beyond the ice-field must have been much further towards the north extend within two or three hundred miles a few days before — since it had been float- of the North Pole, if not nearer. This, be ing continually southwards during that it remarked, is certain; the open sea probtime. But still, it was not clear from ably extends much further north; since Parry's voyage that the northern seas are there is every reason for supposing that ever navigable in those high latitudes. For Parry's ice-field had been floating about in anything which appeared, it might be a those northern seas for weeks before he part of the economy of the Arctic regions began to traverse it. Thus we learn from that a vast icefield extending in a solid Parry's experience, combined with that mass right across the North Atlantic, in gleaned by Professor Nordenskiold, that the latitudes higher than any yet reached, open sea route towards the Pole only reshould float each year bodily southwards. requires to be boldly and perseveringly There was, indeed, no reason for supposing pursued in a well-fitted and strongly-built that Parry's experience was exceptional; steamer, to reward the Arctic voyager with nor did it appear at all unlikely that what a much closer approach towards the North happened to the north of Spitbergen might Pole than has ever yet been attained - if indicate that a similar process was taking not even with success in reaching the Pole place_right across those northern seas. itself. One circumstance, however, seems But Professor Nordenskiold's voyage in to merit attention. Captain Kolde wey, it the Sofia has shown that in the very lati- will be remembered, tried to make the tude to which Parry found that the great shore of Greenland in latitude 76°, and afice-field extended northwards in an un- terwards bore away to the east. The Swedbroken mass there is open water commu- ish expedition also traversed the eastern nication further west. If a process resem- part of the North Atlantic. Now, it seems bling that observed by Parry was going on to us that Dr. Kane's discovery of an open during the present year, then it must be tidal sea to the north of Kennedy's Chanassumed that the Sofia was outside the nel indicates that the true course for an western border of the great ice-field. Now, Arctic explorer, when once the eightieth if we imagine the case of a more powerful parallel has been reached, is to bear off steamer thus situated, at so early a season towards the north-west. For it is certain as to permit of a more protracted struggle that the tidal waves of the Atlantic find with the dilliculties presented by the ice- their way in that direction. It is equally encumbered seas, we shall see that there certain, also, that the warm waters of the would be a very fair prospect of the Pole, Gulf Stream pour round the unknown northor at least a very gh latitude, being ern shores of Greenland to Kane's sea, since reached: For the great ice-field which car- the observed temperature of that sea indiried Parry southwards must have been float- cated in a very obvious manner the action ing freely. Therefore, a ship placed on its of the enormous volume of water carried border could have found a channel around northwards by the Gulf Stream. Besides, it; and, further, since the motion of the by adopting a north-westerly course a ship field was towards the south, the open water would increase her chance of escaping from around it must have been widening on its the outlying arms of the enormous ice-fields northern border. So that the further north which float about to the north of Spitberthe ship was pushed the clearer would her gen. An attempt to reach Kane's sea from course become. Again, we have already Spitzbergen is worth making. Success in remarked that the most northerly point such an attempt would be fully as imporreached by Parry must have been much tant as success in reaching the Pole; but nearer the Pole a few days before Parry in all probability the latter exploit would turned his face southwards. But this is be a sequel to the former, since there is not all.

Parry saw towards the north good reason for believing that the sea on no sign of open water. The experienced whose shores Dr. Kane and his party found Arctic traveller can detect the neighbour- the limit on their northward progress is the hood of an open sea long before the water true Polar ocean, and is navigable throughbecomes actually visible to the eye. The out the summer months right up to and bephenomenon termed the water-sky” is 'yond the Pole.



From The Spectator, 7 Nov. which risk much and rashly for immediate EARTHQUAKES AND ENGLISH CHAR

gains, at the expense of those slowly cumulative energics which sow early in the faith

that they shall reap late, but certainly. IF England were ever to become the cen- Yet it might seem that earthquakes are tre of a region of active earthquakes like sent especially and providentially to aid in Peru and Ecuador, — earthquakes not like the realization of that attitude of mind that of October, 1863, and yesterday week, which Roman Catholics call “ detachment," which alarmed a few nervous people, but - for no other phenomenon, natural or susuch as turn cities into lakes, substitute ac- pernatural, so completely snaps all the ties tive volcanoes for fertile farms, and throw between man and every physical and earthly up new mountains, what would become object of attachment. Pestilence may kill of the English character? It is not impos- us, but if it does not, it may leave us infisible ; or if it is, it is an impossibility which nitely richer by the death of others; from we have no means of knowing, for it seems famine, or flood, or drought, or volcanic pretty certain that the surface of the earth eruption we may escape to other lands; we is but a thin crust confining the wildest and may ensure ourselves against fire or wreck, most destructive forces, which are always or almost any other physical danger; but if striving to break out, and succeed when the earth itself gives way beneath us, if the ever a cracking of that crust, owing to any “real” estate vanishes, if there is no footsudden cooling or overheating of the sur- ing beneath us on which to flee away, if the face, enables them to do so. Though it city is swallowed up at our feet as it was at seems probable that we have a thicker crust those of Lord Carnarvon's friend in Peru, between us and the earthquake-forces in if the insurers disappear, and the whole England than either South America or Cal- property which is the basis of insurance abria, we have no assurance that any in- sinks into the yawning gulf, if there is left ward disturbance of the interior force may no room for ascetic self-denial because not cause some new rift that might lay us nothing earthly to cling to, – then, indeed, open to the same terrible dangers. If that one would suppose that we should try what were ever to happen, should we verify Mr. we could manage in the way of clinging by Buckle's theory of the degrading effect pro- our consciences and spirits to the spiritual duced on the minds of all the races of men Will, which is the only reality left to us. by any destructive forces of overpowering Yet, as a matter of fact, it is nearly certain and overwhelming magnitude, in the pres- that if all our habits of trust in what, though ence of which man is almost helpless, and we may call it eartbly, has ever been the paralyzed even where he is not helpless ? foundation of our ordinary life and duties, Supposing a slight earthquake a day were were to be rudely broken at once, men the ordinary rule, as it is in some parts of would find it not more, but much less easy, South America, and a terribly destructive to trust implicitly the Divine Spirit itself. shock at intervals of a few years, should we “Detachment,” in the Catholic sense, cannot remain what we now mean by true “ Brit- be reached by merely breaking earthly and ons” for another generation ? Would not human ties, but only by cultivating the the great external change soon work its spiritual. To be physically detached from effect on our characters, impress on us all objects of earthly desire is not a step the uncertainty of life and property in a towards, but a step away from, life in God, – sense in which our religious teachers have for the essence of that, is trust, acquiescence entirely failed to engrave it on our minds, in Ilis will because it is llis will, — and the

— and yet instead of spiritualizing us, essence of this is nakedness, the sudden deaden us more effectually than ever to all sense of emptiness, and helplessness, and truly spiritual impressions? We think it is fear, and want, and impotence, all of them scarcely possible to doubt that so it would emotions in the last degree opposed to those be. And if so, it is a curious lesson to at which the religious spirit aims. The those teachers who are always trying to first physical (or is it moral?) effect of an persuade us that the thought of death should earthquake seems to be to strip men of all be ever present with us, that wherever Na- their sense of moral relation to the universe ture herself succeeds in stamping this indel- altogether, to reduce them to the sickness ibly on men's minds, the result is not to of absolute isolation, and this even before retine the grosser, and strengthen the spir- the shock has worked its destructive effects. itual, affections of human nature, but only A gentleman who was in one of the worst to diminish the total force of human charac- earthquakes at Copiapo said, “ Before we ter altogether, and perhaps even to foster hear the sound, or at least are fully conthe impatient and gambling dispositions scious of hearing it, we are made sensible,

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I know not how, that something uncommon “Peel's Act” and cash payments be susis going to happen; everything seems to pended, but all need for cash payments change colour; our thoughts are chained abruptly abolished, — that 'not only the immovably down; the whole world appears small boroughs might prove “ rotten," but to be in disorder; all nature looks different the very largest, that the Irish Churches from what it was wont to do; and we feel might be " disestablished" without the vote quite subdued and overwhelmed by some of either House of Parliament, and the teninvisible power beyond human control or ure of the Throne itself · dangerously comprehension.” That is almost a prose touched” without any conspiracy either account of what Dr. Newman paints in verse Roman Catholic or Fenian. Suppose a as his conception of the detachment of death British Parliament deliberating under such itself:

conditions as these or anything remotely

approaching them, - under fears' such as “I am no more ; for now it comes again, would be reasonable in Quito and not unThat sense of ruin which is worse than pain, natural at Lima, — and what would British That masterful negation and collapse

good sense,” and British tenacity of purOf all that makes me man, as though I bent

pose, and that British courage which does Over the dizzy brink,

not seem to know when it is beaten, beOf some sheer infinite descent;

come? We suspect that no character Or worse, as though Down, down for ever I was falling through

would show less brilliantly than the British The solid framework of created things,

under such circumstances as these. Its And needs must sink and sink

strength consists very much in a slow but Into the vast abyss. And crueller still, deeply graven, imagination, which takes a A fierce and restless fright begins to fill profound impression from all those transThe mansion of my soul.”

actions to which it is well accustomed, and is

very obtuse to all others, so obtuse as And since even a Catholic does not regard not to admit any disturbance from considthe detachment of death as a moral dis- erations which seem to be irrelevant to the cipline for any one who has not cultivated ordinary course of its daily work.

Let spiritual life before the crash comes, once this practical line of expectation and the moral effects of the earthquake, which confidence be rudely shaken, and it is alare the next thing to death, the sinking most impossible to say what form British away of all physical stays, the abandonment character would take. It would scarcely of man to the absolutely unknown and un- show the strenuousness of ants, which go to knowable” as regards all earthly life, can work at once to repair all the mischief done not be supposed to be a moral discipline, to their nest, and this as often as the inexcept to him who has really learned to jury is repeated; for British confidence live a hidden life which no convulsions of seems to be easily disheartened, witness the this sort even threatens.

prolonged panic caused by the evidence of And the Briton is the last man who can speculative and ill-managed companies in be supposed to have learned this at all. the last few years. Let only Nature treat The good in him mainly consists in the the Englishman as badly as the speculative tenacity with which he lives in a narrow set trader has recently treated him, and all of visible relations, and the punctuality would soon be either at a stand-still, or with which he fulfils the duties which so else there would be a great rush towards arise to him. What would a British Parlia- immediate enjoyment by way of seizing on ment be like if deliberating under the fixed the only certainty; more probably, perimpression that all they did one year might haps, the former; for the speculative and be undone the next, that some morning gambling spirit in Englishmen is caused the new Embankment might turn out to be more by narrow and overweening self-conat the top of a new chain of hills, and the fidence than by anything like desperatestones of the Houses of Parliament them- ness; and though Englishmen would not selves associated with it, -that the Docks create if the fear of sudden destruction was at Devonport might any night be left by strong upon them, it is not perhaps very the sea some three miles inland, that the like them to throw away recklessly anything City and Westminster might be shuffled, they have. We suspect that a deep pbysiand the Marquis of Westminster suddenly cal distrust of Nature would operate on beggared by the fall of all his houses and Englishmen very like their recent deep the death of most of his tenants, — that the moral distrust of commercial enterprise, bullion at the Bank of England might dis- that it would simply paralyze and narrow appear without what is called “a flow," their active powers, but in no way contribwithout being exported, and not only ute to enlarge their spiritual life.

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