« VorigeDoorgaan »
ple in the Scriptures. Think of Keats writ- watched by his bedside constantly. Bying such a poem as the elegant and virtuous and-by, so wearied became the sick man of Mr. Addison's Spacious Firmament on his thoughts, so fretted and tortured, that High"! He loved the world with an aching he began to long for a release. Severn intense affection. He sent his soul back to writes, “He talks of the quiet grave as the the old Greek days and etherealized its first rest he can ever have.”. He gave the clumsy decorations of woods and streams line for his epitaph so well known, and he into creatures of air and light and sunshine, waited with great calmness now for the end. who symbolized nature fittingly. Yet Keats It came at last. “On the twenty-third, cannot be accused of paganism. There was about four, the approaches of death came that in his blood, indeed, which he could on: Severn -1- lift me up, I am dynot help, but he had not the heartlessness ing; I shall die easy. Don't be frightened or the drear fatalism of a pagan. All this - be firm, and thank God it has come.' I tended to tie him to the ground, and there lifted him up in my arms. The phlegm is no doubt he felt a bitter anguish when he seemed boiling in his throat, and increased knew that his life was to be contracted far until eleven, when he gradually sunk into within the common limits. The following death, so quiet that I still thought he slept." passage of his biography shows how he took Keats was buried in Rome, his grave surthe first summons : —
rounded with flowers, of which he had told
Severn when dying he thought “ the in“ One night, about eleven o'clock, Keats returned home in a state of strange physical ex- tensest pleasure he had received in life was citement ; it might have appeared to those who in watching the growth of flowers." To did not know him one of fierce intoxication. He him Shelley raised the glorious monument toll his friend he had been outside the stage of “ Adonais,” and, in a few years, next to coach, had received a severe chill, was a little the resting place of Keats was placed a fevered, but addel, 'I don't feel it now.' He tombstone inscribed with the name of Shelwas easily persuaded to go to bed, and as he ley. It is gratifying to think that the fame leaped into the cold sheets, before his head was of both has now increased, and that their on the pillow, he slightly coughed, and said, works have left an enduring and wholesome • That is blood from my mouth ; bring me the impress upon literature. They were emicandle — let me see this blood.' He gazed stead, nently discoverers of poetry, as fearless and fıstly for some moments at the ruddy stain, and as self-sacrificing in their searches as the then looking in his friend's face, with an ex- men who have braved the deserts of Africa pression of sudden calmness never to be forgot. and Australia. Their intellectual courage ten, said, I know the colour of that blood-it is arterial blood - I cannot be deceived in that was their special characteristic. We may colour ; that drop is my death-warrant I must regret that Keats was not of stouter fibre; die.'"
we may deplore his fragile nature, but he
has left the world in his debt, and it was Although he recovered this attack, and not an over-kind world to him. He has many others, he never forgot the incident, supplied to English poetry — with others of and always looked upon it as an unmistaka- his school — what it very much required, ble warning. Nevertheless it did not ma- an element of pure æsthetic beauty as apart terially impair his spirits, which were at from the beauty of sheer power and loftitimes of a hectic brightness. He was ad- ness, or the beauty of proportion. Keats vised to go to Italy, and not before it was gave his readers the essence of poetry, and time. In his journey he suffered severely. many of our modern writers have not failed The poor fellow wrote the following from to discover the value of this essence when Naples; one almost shrinks from extracting diluted. He would have been more popuit so full is it of pain and solitariness : lar, perhaps, had he mingled his rare ex
I can bear to die — I cannot bear to leave cellence with coarser materials, — had he her. Oh, God! God! God ! . : . My tickled, in fact, those instincts and sentiimagination is horribly vivid about her-I ments which Byron- was never above apsee her — I hear her. There is nothing in pealing to. But he was ever faithful to art, the world of sufficient interest to divert me and he has compassed at least in part the from ber for a moment. ... Oh, that
glorious designs which he so desired to could be buried near where she lives. .. manifest:I am afraid to write to her; to receive a letter from her, to see her handwriting, “ He has outsoared the shadow of our night, would break my heart; even to hear of her
Envy and calumny and hate and pain, anyhow — to see her name written would And that unrest which men miscall delight, be more than I can bear.” And so Can touch him not and torture not again." Severn, who had accompanied Keats,
No. 1274. - October 31, 1868.
1. ONE HUNDRED PLANETS,
St. James' Magazine,
259 2. THE APOLLO BELVEDERE IN A New Light. Translated for the Living Age,
Bremen Weser Zeitung, 265 3. MADAME DE KRUDENER, .
269 [Readers who remember the time of the First Napoleon and the First Alexander of Rus
sia will share our interest in the mystic who had so much influence over the latter.] 4. NOTES FROM THE SCOTTISH ISLES. No. III. Canna and its People,
283 5. Dolls,
286 [“ Is there a heart that never loved ? Many centuries have rolled over us — we
mean almost all the years of this century-since our paternal heart mourned over
the loss of Jack- “sole Dolly of our house and heart.”] 6. BAD ENGLISH,
289 7. HAWTHORNE, AND THE NORTH BRITISH REVIEW, London Review,
292 8. THE SEA,
295 9. MESALLIANCES,
299 10. Mr. Bright,
302 11. New EXPEDITIONS TO THE NORTH POLE. Translated from
La Revue des Deux Mondes, . 305 12. THE DEAN OF CORK AT THE BRITISH ASSOCIATION, Spectator,
310 13. POEMS BY LOYALISTS AND ROYALISTS,
313 14. A VIEW OF LORD BYRON,
315 15. THE RUMOURS OF WAR,
318 16. ExGLAND ON DUTIES OF NEUTRALS,
THE SHIP AT SEA, .
SHORT ARTICLES. FAMILY VOICES,
301 | THE ENGLISH BIBLE. By a Barrister, 317 LORD ALVANLEY ON CROCKFORD, 301 ThoughTS OF A PHYSICIAN,
318 MR. DICKENS AND ALL THE YEAR ROUND, 304 THE ROCK AHEAD, .
318 LEARNING BY HEART, OR ART,
304 | LIVRE DES ETRANGERES AT INTERLACHEN, 320 In No. 1275 we shall begin two good stories, to be afterward published separately : 1. MADAME THERESE. By ERCKMANN-CHATRIAN — (two celebrated French authors.) This
has been translated for the “ Living Age," and will continue every week till concluded. 2. LETTICE LISLE; which is probably by Miss Thackeray.
NEW BOOKS :
RECOLLECTIONS OF A BUSY LIFE. By Horace Greeley. New York : T. B. Ford & Co.
Boston : H. A. Brown & Co. [We shall find opportunities to make this record of a remarkable man well known to our read
Mr. Greeley has been an important part of the late years of the Republic.] THE TROTTING HORSE OF AMERICA. "How to train and drive him. With Reminiscen
ces. By Hiram Woodruff. Edited by Charles J. Foster, etc., etc. New York: T. B. Ford & Co. Boston: H. A. Brown & Co.
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY BY
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. FOB Eight DOLLARS, remitted directly to the Publishers, the LIVING AGE will be punctually for warded for a year, free of postage. But we do not prepay postage on less than a year, nor where we have to pay commission
for forwarding the money,
BY NICHOLAS MICHELL.
From The New Monthly Magazine. Billows turn rubies, as day's smile they meet,
Up leaps the dolphin warming beams to meet,
dome is poured,
And nature, wide rejoicing, hails her lord. A SHIP at sea, no land to cheer the eye,
Nothing but waves below, and skies o’erhead, Soon upon deck the late dull sleepers come, Nothing to break that blue monotony, The round world seeming one vast ocean-bed;
In bustling crowds, to inhale the breath of The unfathomed deep now peaceful, now at strife, Pale Sickness felt new vigour nerve his frame,
Drinking the breeze o'er freshening billows
borne; Belting with solemn glory all the earth.
The maiden laughed, upon her cheek the spray,
And Age, for England sighing, raised more high A ship at sea oh, beautiful, when Night
His drooping form, and glanced around the Builds high her azure ceiling, silvery spheres
sky. Flaming along it, lamps of virgin light,
Hung there by God through everlasting years; Ocean the floor of glass, where every beam The gleesome child was looking, with bright eyes, From those far lamps doth, softly mirrored, T'ward ocean's verge for England's shores so gleam,
dear; The boundless space uniting sea and sky, Her nurse had told her it was paradise, Glory's grand home — the hall of Deity.
Fairer than green Cabul or sweet Cashmere; The stripling, long at sea, though still a boy,
Thought of his mother with deep filial joy, The night was calm, and every snowy sail And loving sisters in their youthful years,
Was stretched aloft to catch the sleepy breeze; He in the cottage-porch had left in tears. Still as a phantom, through the moonbeams
pale The lofty ship went stealing o'er the seas; Slowly the sea-bird o'er the billow glides, The wave just curled from off the gliding bow, Betokening land, then screams around the A few small sparkles topp'd the billow's brow
ship; Bubbles that shone, then vanished from the eye, And now the porpoise rears its glossy sides, Like moments melting in eternity.
Springing in play, again in waves to dip. Great lord of life, the sun is brightly beaming,
Out on the wind the flag is gaily streaming, The pennon idly wavered down the air,
Full swell the sails, all eyes are northward cast, The nautilus her little sail extended; Wide ocean strove heaven's breathless hush to
A cloud — a growing speck — 'tis land at last ! share, On all, o'er all, the dove of peace descended; As in white showers the slanting beams were
Land ! land ! with pleasure glows the sick man's cast,
eye; The huge dark ship, rope, yard, and tapering The hard, rough seaman smiles; his cap on high
His native breezes — yes, he yet may live; mast, Reflected, trembled on the burnished tide,
The stripling throws, more force his " cheer
to give. As if two barks went floating side by side.
Land! land ! the child doth up the bulwark
creep, But see, his flng of palest opal red
To see her ** Eden " smiling o'er the deep, Day's herald waves; o'er all the sumptuous Then by her mother, mirthful fay, she stands, East
And claps, with many a laugh, her tiny hands. Gradually roses and rich violets spread;
Voluptuous colour holdeth there a fenst.
freight, Higher and brighter, heaven and sea in turn Those yearning souls, varied homes they Catching the blaze, till all things glow and burn. prize!
No one so cold, so lonely doomed by fate,
But owns some friend where those grey cliffs He comes, and cloudless comes ! flushed ocean's arise; brim
And bosoms there, long mourning the departed, Reveals his forehead of hot dazzling gold; Will soon again embrace them, joyous-hearted; Round all the expanse of waters nought is dim; Glide, good ship, on ! the very waves seem gay,
Like fakes of flame, lit wave on wave is rolled: Flashing a welcome, sporting round your way.
From St. James' Magazine. monies in the music of the spheres. He ONE HUNDRED PLANETS.
quickly noticed a certain evidence of law in It is probable that before these pages the distribution of the planets at various appear, the number of known asteroids, or distances from the great centre of the sysminor planets, will be increased to one hun- tem. He tried many methods — some simdred. As we write, two are wanting from ple, others complex — for harmonising the that number; but scarcely a month has planetary distances, but he was always passed lately without adding one of these foiled at one particular point of his inquiry. minute worlds to the planetary system. It A gap, which his devices were insufficient would almost seem as if astronomers had to bridge over, appeared to exist between been more than usually on the alert of late, the orbits of Mars and Jupiter. on account of the near prospect of entering length,” says he, “I have become bolder, on the second hundred of the asteroidal and I now place a new planet between these family.
two "- a happy anticipation of future disThe history of the discovery that there coveries, somewhat marred, it should seem, exists in space a zone of worlds circling by a guess which has not been confirmed round the sun in interwoven orbits, is one the supposition, namely, that an unseen which can hardly fail to be interesting, even planet revolves between the orbits of Merto those who have not made astronomy a cury and Venus. subject of special study. By a singular ac- A century and a half later, Professor cident, this history belongs wholly to the Titius, of Wittemberg, propounded a sinnineteenth century, the discovery of the gular law of planetary distances, which first asteroid having been effected on the only required for its completeness the supfirst day of the century. We propose to position that an unseen planet revolves bediscuss some of the more interesting cir- tween Mars and Jupiter. This law, comcumstances which have attended the search monly called Bode's law, is usually preafter new members of the zone of asteroids. sented with an array of figures, which leads
When Copernicus had shown that the the beginner to suppose that the law is a planets circle around the sun, and had thus complex one. In reality, however, the law swept away the whole of Prolemy's compli- is very simple, and may be expressed in cated systein, with its
few words, thus: the distances of the suc“ Centrics and eccentrics scribbled o'er,
cessive planets from the orbit of Mercury Cycle and epicycle, orb in orb,”
increases in a twofold proportion. The law
is not fulfilled exactly, but there is an apastronomers began for the first time to be proximation to exactness which is suffisensible of the symmetry and orderliness of ciently remarkable. Thus, according to the planetary system. They saw six beau- the law, if we called the distance of the tiful orbs all circling in one direction around earth from Mercury's orbit two, the distance a massive central globe; and around one of Venus should be one, that of Mars four, of these orbs – our own earth — they saw that of the missing planet eight, that of Jua secondary orb, or satellite, revolving in piter sixteen, and that of Saturn thirty-two. the same direction as the primary planets. The actual distances are as follows:- That Then came the discovery of Jupiter's moons, of Venus is one and a tenth, that of Mars revolving in symmetrical orbits around the three and four-fifths, that of Jupiter sixteen, giant of the solar system, and still astrono- and that of Saturn thirty and a half. Almers saw no change from the law by which though we recognize the possibility that all the members of the solar system, satel- this approximation may be merely accilites as well as primaries, seemed bound to dental, yet it cannot fail to strike us as inrevolve in one direction.
volving, at the least, a very singular coinStruck by the order and symmetry thus cidence. exhibited within the solar system, the inge- Here matters remained until the disnious astronomer Kepler was led to seek for covery of Uranus by Sir William (then Dr.) new evidence of symmetrical arrangement, Herschel. As soon as the orbit of the new or, as he quaintly expressed it, for new har planet had been determined, it was found that its distance corresponds very closely which had moved away to other regions of to Bode's law. As Uranus travels outside the sky, we shall probably never learn. Saturn's orbit, its distance from Mercury's Certain it is that Piazzi could not detect orbit should be represented by sixty-four any star where Wollaston had marked one (on the above-named scale). The actual in. But his search was soon rewarded by distance is sixty-two and two-thirds. This a discovery of greater value. On the 1st close agreement attracted much attention of January, 1801, he observed a small star, to Bode's law, and many eminent astrono- which was not recorded in his own, or any mers began to attach considerable impor- other catalogue. On the 2nd he looked tance to Kepler's prediction, that between again for the star, proposing to determine the orbit of Mars and Jupiter there would its place afresh. To his surprise, he found be found a planet too small to be seen by that the star had moved away from the place the unaided eye.
it had before occupied. The motion was Nearly nineteen years elapsed, however, inconsiderable, indeed, but yet he could before any measures were taken to institute feel little doubt respecting its reality. On a rigid search for the missing body. At the 3rd he looked again for the stranger, length, in 1800, six distinguished astrono- and now there was absolute certainty remers held a meeting at Lilienthal, at which specting its motion. Yes, the star was the subject was earnestly discussed. It slowly moving from east to west, or, to use was finally arranged that the zodiac that a technical expression, slowly retrograding. region of the celestial sphere along which This was precisely the sort of motion which all the planets are observed to move would be exhibited by a planet occupying should be divided into twenty-four belts, the apparent position of the stranger. But which were to be explored by as many as- as it was a kind of motion which might betronomers, each astronomer taking a separ- long to a body moving in a very different ate zone. The superintendence of the manner, Piazzi waited for further informawhole process was assigned to the eminent tion. If the stranger were really a planet, observer Schroeter; and Baron de Lach, it could not retrograde long, but was bound to whom the institution of the search was presently to resume its forward motion. mainly due, was chosen as the president of Why this is so, we need not here stop to the new Society of Planet-seekers.
explain. Let it suffice to remark that, It has often happened in the history of along certain parts of their paths, the astronomy that the results of the most care- planets seem for awhile to move backwards, fully organized research have been antici- just as an advancing train might seem to pated by observers not engaged in carrying do if observed by a passenger in a train out the appointed plan of operations. For travelling more rapidly in the same direcinstance, when all the astronomers of Eu- tion. For eleven days Piazzi's star continrope were sweeping the heavens for Halley's ued to retrograde, but he observed with comet in 1758, a Saxon farmer Palisch satisfaction that its motion diminished daily. anticipated them all by detecting — and On the 12th of January it was stationary. that with the unaided eye- the return of Then slowly it began to advance along the the wanderer. Something similar Irappened zodiac signs. in the present instance.
There was no longer any doubt respectThe celebrated Italian astronomer Piazzi ing the character of the stranger; and after was engaged in constructing an extensive watching the star for twelve more days, catalogue of the fixed stars. While prose- Piazzi wrote to Bode and Orani, two memcuting this work, he was led to examine a bers of the planet-seeking association, inportion of the constellation Taurus, in which forming them of the nature of his discovery. à certain star (assigned by Wollaston to Unfortunately his letters did not reach them this region) was missing. For several until the end of March, and in the meannights in succession Piazzi prosecuted his time – after tracking the star until the 11th inquiry after the missing orb. Whether of February — Piazzi was seized with a Wollaston had made a mistake, or whether very dangerous illness which put a stop to he had recorded the place of an asteroid his observations. When Bode and Orani