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way deserves.

my electoral dominions—it shall be the chief object it, that I should desire you to come on Saturday, of my care ; and, should it be crowned with suc- and bring Mr. Fisher with you ; that, on Sunday, cess, it may incline others to follow the example. in my chapel in the castle, we may have the com

I now come to a part of your letter that gave me fort of hearing you preach, and of receiving from much concern ; but should at the same time have your hands the holy communion. I think this a felt hurt if you had not informed me of. I fear the very proper time for renewing the baptismal vow; relapse of poor Dr. Arnold; his conduct during the and, though greatly grieved, I feel true submission time he attended you seemed as favorable as any of to the decrees of Providence, and great thankfulness us could desire. I still hope he will soon be re- for having enjoyed for four years that dear infant. instated ; and I trust you will not long leave me in

GEORGE R. suspense upon a subject that greatly interests me ; Windsor, May 6th, 1783. for I ever thought him not only ingenious, but per

The letter from the queen, which we subjoin, fectly upright, and, as such, I have a very sincere regard for him. Except the queen, no one here is another evidence of the vivacity of her talent. has the smallest suspicion of his having a fresh Having given to Hurd her copy of the essay, no attack, which is an attention* I am certain he every wonder we do not find one in the king's library.

There is, however, a copy in the British Museum. I hope your visitation will be attended with as fine weather as we have enjoyed since the violent The book which accompanies this note is an rain on Tuesday night, and the whole of Wednes: Essay on the Immortality of the Soul, which I reday. I shall ever remain, my good lord, ceived on Saturday last. It appears to be against Your very affectionate friend, Mr. Hume's, Voltaire's, and Rousseau's principles,

GEORGE R. and chiefly against the first of these authors. As Í To the Lord Bishop of Worcester,

am not in the least acquainted with the writings of at Hartlebury Castle, Worcestershire.

those unhappy men, I must beg the bishop to give The two following letters show the king in a of it will not publish his name until he knows the

me his opinion upon this little tract, as the author most amiable light, both as a father and a man. reception of it by some able and understanding men. Prince Octavius died on the 3d of May, 1783. I do also send the letter of the author, who apWindsor, Aug. 201h, 1782.

pears modest and well meaning, and more should be

said about him, I believe, but the dedication being My good Lord–There is no probability, and, to me, I might be suspected of being guided by indeed, scarce a possibility, that my youngest child Aattery. You know I hate bribery and corruption ; can survive this day. The knowing you are ac- but being corrupted by flattery is worse than money, quainted with the tender feelings of the queen's as it is an open avowal of a corrupted heart, and i heart, convinces me you will be uneasy till apprized hope you do not suspect me of that. that she is calling the only solid assistant under

I shall be glad to hear of your being well after the affliction—religion—to her assistance. She feels fatigue of yesterday.

CHARLOTTE. the peculiar goodness of Divine Providence in never

Queen's House, March 29th, 1784. having before put her to so severe a trial, though she has so numerous a family, I do not deny. I also Here is the king's estimate of three of his chilwrite to you, my good lord, as a balm to my mind; dren—the Duke of York, the Duke of Sussex, and as I have not you present to converse with, I think the Duke of Cambridge: it the most pleasing occupation by this means to convey to you that I place my confidence that the

Windsor, July 30th, 1786. Almighty will never fill my cup of sorrow fuller My good Lord—Yesterday I received, by the than I can bear; and, when I reflect on the dear quarterly messenger, some printed copies of the cause of our tribulation, I consider his change to be three successful prize dissertations from Gottingen, so greatly for his advantage, that I sometimes think as also the speech of the pro-rector on declaring to it unkind to wish his recovery had been effected. whom the prizes are adjudged ; Doctor Langford And, when I take this event in another point of going to-morrow to Worcester, I take this favorable view, and reflect how much more miserable it would opportunity of sending a copy of each for you. The have been to have seen him lead a life of pain, and medal for the theological discourse is now underperhaps end thus at a more mature age, I also con- taken by Mr. Birch ; it will be double the weight fess that the goodness of the Almighty appears of the other ; on one side will be my profile, as on strongly in what certainly gives me great concern, the other medal, the reverse is to be taken from the but might have been still more severe. G. R.

seal he cut some years past for you. As soon as To the Lord Bishop of Worcester.

the drawing is prepared, I will send it for your

opinion. MY GOOD LORD— The humanity which is not My accounts from Gottingen of the little colony among the least auspicious of your excellent quali- I have sent there, is very favorable ; all three seem ties, would, I am persuaded, make you feel for the highly delighted and pleased with those that have present distress in which the queen and I are in the inspection of them; but what pleases me most volved, had you not the further incitement of a sin- is the satisfaction they express at the course of the cere attachment to us both. The little object we ology they have begun with Professor Less—Pro are deploring was known to you, and consequently fessor Heyne gives them lessons in the classics, and his merits ; therefore you will not be surprised that has an assistant for the rougher work; they learn the blow is strong, We both call on the sole history, geography, moral philosophy, mathematics, assistant to those in distress, the dictates of religion. and experimental philosophy, so that their time is I have proposed to the queen, and she approves of fully employed. I think Adolphus at present seems

the favorite of all, which, from his lively manner, * Sic in MS. What was the matter with Dr. Amold, physically, mentally, or morally, I have not been able to is natural, but the good sense of Augustus will in ascertain,

the end prove conspicuous. That Adolphus should

send you.

have gained Frederick, could not be otherwise, as The seven succeeding letters call for no comin stature, features, and manner, I never saw two ment. persons so much resemble each other : may the younger one do so in the qualities of the heart,

Windsor, the 301h Feb. 1787. which I have every reason to flatter myself.

My LORD-As I am perfectly unacquainted with On Friday I saw Major-General Budé, who told the name of the college, in where young Griffith me the disagreeable giddiness you complained of pursued his studies, and therefore less capable of the last winter is much abated; I trust it will ena- applying to anybody about his character, I take ble you, in the autumn, to ride constantly, as that the liberty of making him the bearer of this letter is the best of all remedies. I hope to hear from in order that he may answer for himself, totally you how you approve of the small tracts I now relying on your goodness that in case he should,

after enquiry, not be found what he ought to be, Believe me ever, my good lord, yours most af- you will forget the application entirely. All I fectionately,

George R.

know of him is, that he bears the character of a To the Lord Bishop of Worcester.

modest and sober young man, that he behaved ex

tremely well to his mother, who was the Duke of The next letter requires no explanation.

York's nurse, and that he is desirous of being emWindsor, Sept. 2d, 1736. ployed in his profession whenever he can. I will My GOOD LORD—Yesterday I received from Birch now only add, my thanks for your kindness in this the design for the reverse of the theological prize affair, and I rejoice to hear that you are a little medal, which I now communicate to you. "The better, the continuance of which nobody can more only alterations I have proposed are, that the cross sincerely wish than your friend, CHARLOTTE. shall not appear so well finished, but of ruder To the Bishop of Worcester. workmanship, and the name of the university as well as the year placed at the bottom as on the

My LORD—I never wished so much to exercise other medal.

my power and commands as to-day, but I hope you We have had some alarm in consequence of a will believe me, when I say, that this desire does spasmodic attack on the breast of Elizabeth, which not arise from any tyrannical inclination, but from occasioned some inflammation, but by the skill of a real regard for you. The wintery feel of this Sir George Baker she is now perfectly recovered, day makes me desirous of preventing your exposand in a few days will resume riding on horse-ing yourself to-morrow morning at court, where 1 back, which has certainly this summer agreed well could only see, but not enjoy your company, which with her.

pleasure I beg to have any other day, when less I am glad to find by a letter, which Mrs. Delany inconvenient and less pernicious to your health. has had from Mr. Montagu, that you are preparing

CHARLOTTE. to do the same, as I am certain it will contribute to Queen's House, the 17th of January, 1788. your health, which I fatter myself is improved by To the Bishop of Worcester. your proposing to attempt it this season.

G. R. Slo, 3 o'clock. Believe me ever, my good lord, yours most affectionately,

GEORGE R.

Madam-I cannot express the sense I have of To the Lord Bishop of Worcester,

your majesty's gracious command to me not to apHartlebury Castle, Worcestershire.

pear at court to-morrow. But for this once, I hope

your majesty will pardon me, if I am not inclined We cannot but perceive in the following letter to yield obedience to it. I have been so well as to how dear to the king's heart was national educa- take an airing this day, which occasioned me to be tion. Would that the present government had from home when the messenger came. I will, the power, or those who exercise authority over therefore, with your majesty's good leave, attempt the people, the will, to carry out the wishes of of the day; and I assure myself the occasion will

to join my brethren to-morrow in the joyful office this (sometimes called) narrow-minded and bigoted give me spirits enough to go through it without monarch.

inconvenience-only it is possible, madam, I may Windsor, July 29th, 1787. so far take the benefit of your majesty's indulgence My good Lord Having learned from Dr. Lang- as not to venture into the crowded drawing-room ford that he sets out to-morrow for Worcester, I afterwards. But even this will be a liberty I shall cannot omit so favorable an opportunity of enquir- allow myself very unwillingly. ing after your health. I shall to-morrow attend I am, with all possible respect, madam, your the speeches at Eton, as I wish from time to time majesty's most obliged and most obedient servant, to show a regard for the education of youth, on

R. W. which most essentially depends my hopes of an advantageous change in the manners of the nation.

Windsor, June 9th, 1788. You may easily imagine that I am not a little MY GOOD LORD-Having had rather a smart anxious for the next week, when Frederick will bilious attack, which, by the goodness of Divino return, from whom I have great reason to expect Providence, is quite removed, Sir George Baker has much comfort. The accounts of the three at Got- strongly recommended to me the going for a month tingen are very favorable ; the youngest has writ- to Cheltenham, as he thinks that water efficacious ten to me to express a wish to be publicly examined on such occasions, and that he thinks an absence by the two curators of that university on the com- from London will keep me free from certain fatigues memoration in September, when it will have sub- that attend long audiences; I shall therefore go sisted fifty years. I have taken the hint, and have there on Saturday. I am cert directed all three to be examined on that solemn regard that both the queen and I have for you, and occasion. I ever remain, my good lord, that it will be peculiarly agreeable to us to see you

Yours most affectionately, at Hartlebury. I shall certainly omit the waters

GEORGE R. some morning to undertake so charming a party ; but The Lord Bishop of Worcester, Hartlebury Castle. I that you may know the whole of my schemes, be

you know the

sides getting that day a breakfast there, I mean to sequence of which is that the sermon is brought by remind you that feeding the hungry is among the its author, whom I hope you will approve of. Christian duties, and that, therefore, when I shall Kew, the 7th Feb., 1789. visit the cathedral on the day of the sermon for the benefit of the children of the clergy of the three

MY LORD—The bearer of this is the young man choirs—which Dr. Langford, as one of the stewards, in whose behalf you spoke to the Bishop of Bath

and Wells. will get advanced to Wednesday the 6th of August,

Would you be so kind, with your (as I shall return on the 10th to Windsor)-I shall usual goodness, to direct him what further steps he hope to have a little cold meat at your palace before must take to be introduced to the bishop, and also I return to Cheltenham on Friday the 8th. I shall to give him good advice about his future conduct also come to the performance of the “ Messiah," in life? In doing that you will greatly oblige and shall hope to have the same hospitable assist

Your sincere friend, ance ; both days I shall come to the episcopal palace

CHARLOTTE. sufficiently early that I may from thence be in the

Queen's House, the 8th of April, 1789.

To the Bishop of Worcester. cathedral by the time appointed for the performances in the church. The post waits for my letter, I therefore can only add that I ever remain, with

From Fraser's Magazine. true regard and, I may say, affection,

PHONETICS.
My good lord, truly your good friend,

George R. The daughters of Pelias, we are told, thinking To the Right Reverend the Lord Bishop of Worcester, that it would be very nice if their old father could Hartlebury Castle, Worcestershire.

be made young again, without a word of apology

cut him into fragments and boiled him up in a calCheltenham, July 25th, 1788.

dron, just to see what would come of it. Nothing, My good Lord—Imagining you would like to hear how the visit to Gloucester had succeeded, 1 however, did come but a kind of horrible soup. deferred writing till I returned from thence. It is

These young ladies were the prototypes of impossible for more propriety to have been shown Messrs. Pitman and Ellis, the ingenious inventors than both by the bishop and Mr. Holdfast. His of the “ Phonetic System,” and apostles of the speech in his own name and that of the dean and “ Spelling Reform ;' and it must be owned that chapter and clergy of the diocese was very proper, the moderns do not yield to their classical originals, and he seemed not to object to my having an answer. either in the dogmatic precision with which they I thought it right to command the dean and chapter lay down what the subject which they take in hand for the new regulation, by which a more constant attendance is required, and hoping that it would ought to be, or in the uncompromising spirit with stimulate the rest of the clergy to what is so essen- which they set about making it so, or in entire distial a part of their duty. The cathedral is truly regard of the question whether the reforms they beautiful. I am to attend Divine service there on propose to effect are not inconsistent with the prinSunday. To-morrow is the visit to Croombe, which ciples and conditions on which the object of them enables me to fix on Saturday, the 2d of August, depends for existence. Your true enthusiastic for visiting Hartlebury Castle, where any arrange- doctrinaire disdains to consider such trifles as the ments for the 6th at Worcester may be explained. All here are well, and insisted on seeing yesterday laws of nature, whether organic or spiritual ; human the room Dr. Hurd used to inhabit at Gloucester; feelings, customs, and prejudices, go for nothing the bishop was obliged to explain Lord Mansfield's with him; still less does he condescend to calculate prediction on the mitre over the chimney. Had whether the advantage of his amendment will comthey always been so properly bestowed, the dignity pensate for the inconvenience of change, or the of the church would have prevented the multitude returns be equal to the outlay. Pelias “ought” to of sectaries. Believe me ever your most affectionate friend,

be made young; the English language " ought” to George R.

be written phonetically; and therefore about it withTo the Lord Bishop of Worcester, Hartlebury Castle.

out delay.

The mysterious inscription which excited so much My Lord—When I was last night with the astonishment in the Strand about a year ago, intiking, he inquired very anxiously after you, and mating that No. 344 was the “Ofis” of the Fonetic seemed pleased to hear of your having been at Kew Nuz, probably conveyed to most of our readers their to inform ourself after him. He also gave me the first intimation of the existence of the Great Phosermon for you of Mr. Thomas Willis, and ordered netic Movement, and of the fact that a considerable me to send it as soon as possible, and to express how much he wished to know your opinion about number of her majesty's subjects indulged in the it. I am likewise to introduce this new acquaint- apparently harmless luxury of writing, printing, ance of ours to you, which I shall do by a letter and reading English by means of a new alphabet through him, and I hope, nay, I am pretty sure, and a new system of spelling. The school, howthat you will like him, as he really is a very modest ever, had been founded some time previously-inman, and by his conduct in this house gains every- deed the publication of a newspaper* for its especial body's approbation. I am sorry to hear that your visit at Kew should have proved so painful to you * As this journal is now defunct we need not say much as to give you the gout, but hope to hear that it is about it. Besides being, of course, the “organ of the not a very severe attack.

Spelling Reform," it advocated “ Progress" and EducaCHARLOTTE.

tion, and talked “Liberal" politics. Among the many cool assumptions (by the way) of the party calling itself

ly that name of Liberal (not the least of which is the My Good Lord–This letter was wrote yester- appropriation of the title) must he reckoned their pretence day, but no opportunity found to send it; the con- of being the champions of the cause of education agaicst use implied as much-and it has now attained a Phonetic Spelling is apparently the authorized expopularity and spread to an extent which, though ponent of his case to the exoteric world; we shall, they will astonish no one who recollects such names therefore, take this work as our text-book, referas Joanna Southcote, Thom, or Mormon Smith, ring, however, occasionally to other publications and such things as the earthquake panic and gal- of the school, which, we presume, if not actually vanic rings, yet make it worth while to devote a from the hand of the same author, contain, at all few pages to a serious consideration of the matter. events, representations of his views and arguments

There is a very numerous class of half-educated, by which he is willing to abide. novelty-seeking, and somewhat self-satisfied indi- In looking over this Plea, the first remark of viduals, who are sure to be caught by the specious the student (which he will find occasion to repeat appearance of a proposal like the present, and who about once for every page) will be, that it affords seize with delight an opportunity of at once exer- a striking illustration of the truth of the obsercising their ingenuity, making themselves a little vation that rhetoric is one of those arts which come conspicuous, showing their independence of charac- best by nature, and that its most telling tricks are ter and contempt of prejudice, and adding another used far more frequently, and far more effectively, to the thousand proofs of their superiority to their by those who have only eagerness and self-reliance ancestors ;* this class, which the cheap press of for their prompters, than by the most accomplished modern times enables the promoters of any plausi- professors of the science of persuasion. Listen to ble scheme that admits of being called a reform to an enthusiast endeavoring to convince the world

get at easily, will always furnish a certain amount that his own peculiar hobbyhorse is a thoroughof believers and followers to anybody who thinks it bred Arabian. He will unconsciously exemplify worth while to seek them; but undoubtedly the prin- twice as many of Aristotle's stock of évolupen uuta cipal cause of the temporary success (as it must, as anybody would dare to avail himself of in cold comparatively speaking, be called) of the present blood. How he will exalt the importance of his agitation is to be attributed to the personal character own grand plan! how he will misstate and omit of its originators, the energy and devotion with which the objections to it! how cleverly he will contrive they carry it on, and the great care and completeness to hook it on to some question of great and uniwith which their system is composed. It is evidently versal importance, so as to gain for his “liule the work of accomplished men, thorough believers bark” the advantage of “pursuing the triumph” in their own invention, and as likely, perhaps, to of the thundering three-decker! draw water in a sieve as anybody now living. Look- Mr. Ellis really abuses these privileges of the ing at all these circumstances in connection with the hobbyhorseman ; but we will not dwell at present natural proneness of mankind to amuse themselves on the complaints which we are entitled to make about the details or application of any ingenious in- on this subject. Contenting ourselves, therefore, vention, and to take the foundations of it for granted, with protesting that the “heteric objections to phothe amount of popularity which has been attained neticism” which the author undertakes to state, and by Phonetics is perhaps not more than might have then proceeds to demolish with such complacency, been expected. We must say, however, that Mr. are not our objections, or at any rate noi a fair Ellis' assertion that “ 100,000 copiz” of phonetic representation of them, and that the facts respecting publications are now disposed of “per anum” (a the great irregularity of the present spelling, which statement which the reader may translate as he he proves with such a vast array of tables and calthinks proper) is altogether incredible, unless we culations, are facts which we are ready to admit are to reckon as a separate phonetic publication without any proof at all, being particularly obvious each copy of a number of little explanatory hand- and undeniably,* we will proceed at once to the bills, sold at the rate of six or more for a penny, root of the matter. under the title of Penny Packets.

The foundation on which the phonetic system But it is time that we should give the reader mainly rests is this dogma—that it is inconsistent who is still antiquated enough to require such information, some notion of what the “Spelling Re- tables and calculations above referred to, because whether

* Although we do not care to criticize minutely the form” really is, and on what grounds its adoption they be accurate or not the facts which they profess to is urged. Mr. Ellis is the principal literary prove must, of course, be admitted, yet we must warn the champion of the phonetic cause, and his plea for is too eager to prove his case to be quite fair, and often

counts the same objection two or three times over in difthe tories, which they always talk of as though it were an ferent forms. For instance, in the tables showing how universally admitted fact. 'If a return could be made of many different ways there are of expressing the same the political opinions of all the founders and supporters sounds in heteric spelling, we find, 1. ihat ow sometimes of schools and colleges, past and present, in the British stands for u, as in bellores, (which Mr. Ellis treats as isles, we fancy it would tell a very different tale. To be though it should be pronounced bellus, which it certainly sure your whig talks about it a good deal the most. should not be); 2. that ws sometimes stands for simple s,

* Among the believers in phonetics, whose adhesion as in bellous ; 3. that w is sometimes mute. Thus this cannot be accounted for by placing them in the above cat single redundant w does duty three times over. This egory, are Dr. Latham, who has written two letters in the way of counting is ingenious, but not original ; it is a Athenæum for February, 1849, and three in the Educa- plagiarism from the sailor's wife, who had to account for tional Times for May, June, and August, 1849, in support the appearance of a liule stranger only three months after of the scheme ; and the author of an article in the West- her husband's return from a five years' voyage. "It's minster Revieto for April, 1849. It is not often that men all right, Bill,” she said. " You see there's been three of this stamp care much for any crotchets except their own. months of days, that's three ; and three months of nights, Phonetic writing, however, (though not this particular that's six; and three months you've been back, you form of it) is an old crotchet of Dr. Latham.

know!"

The plan

66 for

66

and absurd that a written language should do any- the old system is branded as the heteric. Hencething but represent accurately the sounds made in forth every one who knows how to pronounce a speaking that language ; because, as Dr. Latham word will know how to spell it ; and every one concisely puts it, “ alphabetic writing has only one who sees how a word is spelt will know how to function, namely, to represent." This position pronounce it. This sounds plausible and ingenbeing admitted, it is not difficult to show that the ious; but a little consideration will show that existing orthography is very far from performing the whole scheme is based on an entire misapprethat “ function ;" and in order the more to over- hension of the real nature of the case. whelm it with ridicule and infamy, it is invariably is, in fact, as it has been well described, one spoken of as if it were a code deliberately com- the speedy and effectual abrogation of the English posed in its present form by a set of idiots who language”-an expression at which Mr. Ellis is intended it to be purely phonetic, but from igno- not a little angry, and says, " for abrogation, read rance and stupidity made it what it is. Thus preservation,” (Plea, p. 65 ;) nevertheless he himMr. Ellis says,

even its most determined support- self describes it in another place as one which will ers allow that it was intended to be alphabetical.” “ revolutionize the whole of our literature,” (p. (Plea, p 11.) " The present alphabet, considered 82,) which comes to pretty nearly the same thing. as the groundwork of a system of orthography Now, to begin at the beginning, What is the in which the phonetic principle prevails, is an English language ? The English language, like entire failure.” (p. 25.) “ The heteric fancy for all other languages sufficiently civilized to have a using o and u (in women, busy] to express our literature, is, as now existing, two-fold ; there is sound of i, is very singular.(p. 32.) “ It would spoken English and written English. Whether have shown much more wisdom in the person who the written English originated in an attempt to first chose the spelling island if he liad adopted the represent spoken English phonetically or not, is an orthography ighland, as the word is pure Anglo- historical question which, whatever its importance, Saxon," &c. “Another learned Theban, whose cannot affect the fact above stated. mind was bent on his own Baotia, treated us to the A written word, we say, is a fact and a thing, magnificent orthography rhyme,&c. (p. 93.) just as much as a spoken word is a fact and a

Dr. Latham, in his letter mentioned above, talks thing. The written English language is now, in the same tone. " To mir up etymology, (he and has been since its birth, a distinct existing says,) and to give the history of a word as well as Entity, quite independent of, however closely allied its sound, is no proper function. On the contrary, with, the spoken English language; it would reit is an intention which can only be fulfilled at the main exactly what it is if all mankind were to be expense of the representation,” &c. • To dis- henceforth deaf and dumb. It is quite conceivable, tinguish between similar words, and to give fixation nay probable, that a complete written language to a language, are equally irrelevant intentions, might have been composed, (though, of course, it founded upon the notion that there are so many would not have been alphabetical,) if mankind had ambiguities and obscurities in the spoken language never had the gift of speech at all. This being as to render a special apparatus of conventional the case, a written language must, like every other rules in spelling indispensable," &c.

reality, be governed by its own laws, or by none; From all this it is concluded that it is only a it must grow and vary in its own way, or not at return to just principles and practice to discard al- all. 'It has its history, its use, its meaning, just together this arbitrary code, and adopt a system of as much as the spoken one ; it is not (nor ever spelling which shall be purely and simply a repre- was, from the moment it began to exist) merely sentation of sounds. For this purpose it is neces- the shadow of the other ; it is something else, and sary, in the first place, to have a new alphabet ; something more. The fact that our language is for the old one is so anomalous and unsymmetrical, in its origin phonetic, has, we repeat, nothing to presenting on the one hand several ways of writing do with the question, and affords no reason for down similar sounds, while on the other hand there urging that therefore we oughtto write phoare many more vocal and consonantal sounds in the netically now; the proposal, in fact, involves just language than it possesses single vowels and con- such a practical bull as M. Ledru Rollin made in sonants to typify, as to be quite inadmissible into one of his too-famous circulars, when he said that the pure and simple temple of regenerated Eng- the republic having originated in a revolution, the lish. A new alphabet Messrs. Pitman and Ellis, government of France ought thenceforth to be in the years 1813 to 1847, accordingly composed conducted on revolutionary principles ; i. e. that and perfected, having a separate type for every resistance to authority was to be the basis of distinot vocal and consonantal sound, and one only; authority. and they propose that English words should in Is it possible that a language can exist as a future be written by means of this alphabet, with literary language which has no literary standard of reference only to their sounds, “ from which it correctness ? We affirm that it is impossible, and will follow that the letters in a word will deter- that such a condition is inconsistent with the laws mine the sound of a word, and the sound of a of its being. Certainly there never yet was a word will determine its letters, with mechanical language both written and spoken of which the certainty."'* This they call phonetic spelling : written was the slave of the spoken ; if one is to

* See Part II. of the Penny Packets, sold at the Pho- be the slave of the other, we should rather propose petic dépôts.

that the positions should be reversed; for a writ

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