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BIBLICAL CRITICISM.

And the head of Dogon, and both the palms of his hands,

were cut off upon the threshold. 1 Sam. v. 4. The destruction of Dagon, before the ark of the Lord, clearly discovered the vanity of idols, and the irresistible power of God. The circumstances attending his demolition are remarkable; and in them, it is possible, may be traced a conformity with the manner in which different nations treated the idol deities of each other. Dagon was not merely throw down, but was also broken in pieces; and some of these fragments were found on the threshold. There is a circumstance stated in Maurice's Modern History of Hindostan, vol. i, part 2, page 296, which scems in some points similar to what is recorded of Dagon. Speaking of the destruction of the idol in the temple at Sumnaut, he says, “ That fragments of the demolished idol were distributed to the several mosques of Mecca, Medina, and Gazna, to be thrown at the threshold of their gates, and be trampled upon by devout and zealous Mussulmen." In both instances, the situation of the fragments at the threshold secms to intimate the complete triumph of those who had overcome the idols; and might, probably, be a customary expression of indignity and contempt.

B. St. Albans.

THE CONTRAST.

A few weeks ago, a lady who was present at a charity-scrmon, preached by an evangelical minister, found herself much indisposed to an act of generosity at that time; and, therefore, passed the plate without giving any thing. While returning from church to her own house, she bad occasion to examino her pocket; when, to her great mortification, she found that she had been robbed of all her cash; upon which she made the following reflection : -“I perceive, that if God could not find the way into my pocket, the Devil could.”

A more pleasing circumstance presents itself in the following Extract of a Letter from u Poor Woman to the Ret. M.H.

“ SINCE 1779, I have been tossed about, and hare gone through much tribulation :- am often full of doubts and fears

, of which I ought to be ashanied. I mourn and pray against my hard heart; and sometimes feel such comfort in the view of holiness, that I would be all grace and love; and although my circumstances are very narrow, yet I pray the Lord to acçept, through his beloved Son, the widow's mite. Inclosed is one shilling, towards promoting the gospel by the Missionary Society; and I pray God bless their endeavours ! — and one chilling for those who visit the sick. May God bless them also!"

S.S.

Dbituary.

WILLIAM ORAM, was pleased to shine upon his own of New Inn Yard, Shoreditch,

word, and bear it with his own light

and conviction to his heart ; so that HAVING a wife and four small he now saw his undone condition as children, was recommended, as an a sinner, and the need of Jesus as a object of great distress, to The Be- Saviour for his soul. nevolent Female Society, held at When the friends who kindly miNo. 8, Susannah Place, Curtain- nisiered to his temporal wants, and Road, Shoreditch; which was in- tenderly felt for his immortal intestituted Jan. 1, 1799, for the re- rests, came to visit him again, on lief of the necessitous poor.

putting a trifle into his hand, he When one of the visitors went to said, with many tears, “I wished him, he was much distressed in cir- much to se you, but not for this; cumstances; being only a journey--- it is your instruction and your man shoemaker, and had' scarce prayers

that I want.

I shall never been able to do any work for some forget the day when I was first via months past. - On being asked, if sited by you. 0, 1 longed to see he had been accustomed to attend you again! but something within any place of public worship, he persuaded me that I should not; answered, he had never forsaken his and that almost broke my licart. churclı, being brought up to it ; I never saw things before as I do but it was too apparent he had never now; because I was not so openly yet seen his lost state as a sinner wicked as some others, I thought before God; nor as yet was able to I should do well : but I find that distinguish between the preaching to be only a sandy foundation; and of dry morality, and the humbling, dying in that state, I could never heart - purifying gospel of Jesus. have been happy." When enconr. He was advised to go and hear the aged to look to the Lord Jesus as Rev. Mr. Wilkinson; which he the only Saviour of sinners, liis ina promised to do; and after some swer was, he believed the Lord time spent in prayer, and in con- would make his afflictions a blessing versing on the blessing of sanctified to that end. afflictions, under which the poor So long as he was able to go man's tears plentifully Aowed, his abroad, he attended at the Taberfriend, for that time, took her nacle ; and, for about a year before leave.

1

his death, was a communicant there. The next time he was visited, The word and ordinances his spirit appeared to be much greatly blessed to his soul, and he broken down, under a sense of the was evidently ripening fast under sins of his past life; and was much , them, for a better world; in omuch, affected with the carnest prayer .that he used to say, his feeble which was offered up to God on his body (being in the last stage of a behalf. When the same friend came rapid consumption) could hardly again, a day or two after, she spake bear the fulness of joy he was invery closely to him on the state of dulged with. In conversing with a his soul, and pointed out the impose friend on Easter-Monday, he said, sibility of our being saved by any "O what a blessed time I had on thing we can do. This was a truth Good Friday! What a view of the which the legal bias of his mind sufferings of Jesus, the Friend of could not at first receive; but, as he Sinners! O that I could love him afterward told her, he was deter- as I ought! The world is now no. mined from that time to search the thing to me : - l'have but one deBible more than he had hitherto

sire ; and that is, to be fitted for done, and see if these things were Heaven.” Being asked, it he had so. In this search the Divine Spirit any fears of death, seeing it is a

were

was ;

very solemn thing to die, and enter order his pain was very great ; but upon an eternal world, – lie said, he was kept sweetly resigned to the No; for I am not what I once divine will. The eighth chapter

and I know that a saving of Romans, and the second chapter change has passed on my heart.” of Peter's first epistle, were greatly

At another time, looking very blessed to his soul. About a fort carnestly on his friendly visitors, night before he died, Satan was he said, “ How happy are you to be permitted to buffet him for a while so dead to the world, and so free with doubts and fears, as to his from wandering thoughts!” The passage throngh Death ; but the friend replied, “You are quite mis. Lord the Spirit lifted up a standard taken ; I feel too much attachment against the enemy, insomuch, that to this world, and many things when a friend asked him, a linie which cause me daily to mourn bc. before he died, ' Are you happy!' fore the Lord.' After pausing He said, As happy as I can be on a while, lie said, “I do not know this side Heaven!"

With good why you should be discouraged, - Dr. Doddridge he could say, you have been made a great bless- Dear Shepherd, lead me on, ing to me; and, I believe, the Lord

My soul disdains to fear; will bless you; and, as well as I Death's gloomy phantoms all are can, I pray that he may. You have

fled, often told me, if any good was done,

Now Life's great Lord is near !" either by speaking or praying, it must be by the Holy Spirit; there- When almost past speaking, he fore you may expect a blessing. I turned to his wife, and said, * Do had long wished to speak to some not be alarmed, I shall soon go serious persons; and, since my ill- through the Valley of Death; tut ness, Providence has sent me such; I have nothing to do but die.” Affor if I had chosen them myself, ter being some time silent, he broke they could not have been better.” out, and said, “There is a river,

After trying change of air for a the streams whereof make glad the few months, he returned home to city of God; you have taste it, and his afflicted partner rather worse. will shortly be at the fountain On seeing her weep, lie said, “ Do head. O that is what I want, – to not wesp, but rejoice.

What a bow before the celestial throne !" blessed aftliction has this been to Looking at a friend, he said, “I nue! Since my absence, I have had wish I could speak inore; but when sunie seasons of sweet communion we meet in Heaven we shall talk it with the Lord : -- I never thought a}l over !” Such was the blessed there could have been so much frame in which he bowed his head pleasure found in reading te Bible and slept in Jesus, Feb.3, 1803, after before." His eldest child lay soine two years of deep affliction. His months in a decline ; which inuch mortal part was interred in Holywell attcc cilin : and though he found Mount burial-ground, by the Rev. it almost like death to part with J. A. Knight, of the Tabernacle, hirn, he was enabled to give him on the Friday following. — “Let up. In the last stage of his dis- my last end be like his !"

" Sweet is the hour that brings the Pilgrim rest,

and calls the lab’rer to his peaceful home ;
£o to the great assembly of the blest,

God's faithful servants joyfully shall come!
Soon will the Saviour wake their sleeping dust,

By Sin consign'd to greedy Death a prey;
Then shall the rising bodies of the just,
With ceaseless rapture hail the glorious day !"

PHILEMON.

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ŘEVIEW OF RELIGIOUS PUBLICATIONS.

com

Scripture Illustrated, by means of (which here are supposed to be

Natural Science, in Botary, Geology, locusts) the manna, as now gathered Geography, Natural History, Natural in the east; the distinctions of ani. Philosophy, Utensils (domestic and mals, clean and unclean, with the military) Habiliments, Manners and external marks of these distinctions, Customs, &c. &c. with many Plates. some of which we confess were new Principally by the Editor of Calmer's to us, and many other particulars of Dictionary of the Bible. In Eigh natural history as suggested in the Parts, Price 5s, each.

Bible, are examined and explained. This work, of the first part of ticed; and, on some passages, much

Many curious circumstances are no. which we formerly gave notice in

light is Med. By way of instance, our Magazine, being now

we shall transcribe a passage, on pleted, we presume that it may be

which a Paine may contradict an acceptable to our readers, if we offer an idea of its contents, which

Apostle if he pleases; but whicle

a naturalist knows to be not only are indeed very multifarious, and of different degrees of inerit. It is perfectly rational, but perfectly

correct. professedly calculated to fill up a deficiency, which has occasionally

i Cor. xv. 36.-" Thou fool, that which been felt by those who wish to be

thou sowest is not quickened, except it dic.

And that which thou sowest, thou sowest thoroughly intimate with every

not that body which shall be, but bare part of their Bible, and it must be

grain ; perhaps wheat, or any other grain, acknowledged, that while divinity But God giveth it a body as i: hath pleased and the precious truths of the gos. him ; to every seed his own body." pel form the proper and substantial To die, here, is plainly put for ceasing enjoyments and studies of Minis. to retain present form and aspearance; but ters and Christians, the subjects

this is not inconsistent with re-appearance, treated in this work have been pas.

under another form; and this is strictly sed by with too little notice and

philosophical; for, that matter does not investigation, although they might cations, is a principle well known and ad

(die) perish, but assume different modific have agreeably diversified a course

mitted in philosophy. In the present inof reading, or might have cleared,

stance, the succeeding moditication is rein many instances, the true sense of rajcence, or feriisity; but every kind of Scripture.

grain, according to his own specific proThis publication is divided into perties, the offspring resembling the patwo parts: the first refers to subjects rent; which is the subject of daily obser. of science, as they occurin the course vation, and opeu to daily remark. This is of the sacred books. We meet, in

one idea of the apostle. I apprehend this division, with particular atten.

there is another:- Thou sowest bare tion to the order of the creation, and

naked grain,”-grain separated from its to the phenomena of the deluge,

stem, leaves, beard, &c its outer cover whose history is justified by the

ings; it having been threshed, &c. before

it is sown: nevertheless, it rises from the principles of rarefaction and conden

earth with outer coverings, leaves, stem, sation as now established by modern beard, &c. according to its nature. discoveries; and the history of Noah bown naked, it rises clothed; it is sown and his · Ark, is given according imperfect, it rises perfect; it is sown deto the results of the inquisitive re- srived, it rises improved; it is sown in dissearches of our countrymen in India. honour, it rises glorious ; so also the reIn like manner the slavery foretold

surrection of the body, &c. by Noah, as characterizirig the pos

Ver. 41.--" There is one glory of the terity of his son Ham, is explained

sun, and another glory of the moon, and from the natural want of fertility in

another glory of the s-ars; for star differeth

from star in glory." This is true, in the some parts of Africa, as lately as. observation of the unins:ructed eye ; it is certained by Mr. Mungo Parke. true, also, to the experience of astronoThe misacles of Exypt, the quails niers. Indeed, they are the best judges un

It is

this subject. Those who, to behold the lated from the Danish voyages, suu, are obliged to interpose dark glasses, Forskall. or Nuids blackened by ink, while, to be. hold the moon or the stars, they carefully “ Matches, or small inflammable cords, concentrate every ray of light which they for the purpose of setting fire, to discharge can collect, must be extremely sensible of their carbines (as is customary in these the truth of our text. Nor is this all; for countries) instead of striking fire by a the planets, which are commonly reckoned fint. The bark of trees is beaten, sireped aniong stars, are certainly much brighter, in water, and iwisted into the forn of: and more steady, in their light than the cord." bxed stars; while these also differ in bril.

It will be seen on the subject of Samson's 112acy among themselves. They differ in

burners, or lamps (Judges xv.) that we debrilliancy to the naked eye; and the eye, sired further information respecting tbeir by their brilliancy, estimates their disa

nature, and referred to a plate of eastera ta'ices. But there is another sense in

lights, where indeed no further informawhich stars differ in glory; for, through tion appears; but the reader will accept it the immensely powerful telescopes of

here. The Hebrew (lumpad, is rendered Herschel, they appear some red, some fire brand in our public version; it was green, some yellow, some white. No bed

hardly burning, blazing wood, properly : of tulips Thews greater variety of splendor. fire-brand; bui, it might be of the nature 'The more we know, therefore, the stronger of these matches, used for the purpose of is the import of this passage; and the more carrying fire from place to place, in which, correct do the ideas and expressions of the

the fire, as usual in our own artillerya postle appear, or raiher those of the Holy matches, by a very slow combustion, burus Spirit, speaking by him.

dead for a time, yet when ilown upon by The reader will perceive that here wind, whether of the breath or otherwise, modern discoveries are marshalled rekindles its brilliancy, and communicates under the standard of truth; and

flame as directed. Let us suppose, for a the labours of the learned in natu

moment, that the brands employed by ral things, are directed to the sup.

Samson were these matches," isista

into the form of a cord," and that these, port of evangelic principles.

not the jackalls, were turned (ail to tail." The second division of this work

The history would then stand thus : consists of detached enquiries into

“ And Samson went and took three a great variety of subjects. The

hundred roving jackalls themselves; and leading ideas of the writers are,

he took long. burving cord-marches, and thai the original station of Noah turned them tail to tail (the fire being at after the food, of his son Shem, one end, the other end is the tail) and and of Abraham, the father of the placed a single cord-match betweca two Hebrew nation, was much nearer to not-burning ends (tails) across. And be set India than our best Scripture geo. fire to all the cord-matches, and sent them graphers have supposed; that Arts into the standing corn of the Philistines, and Sciences, as writing, &c. were

&c. and, the jackalls roaming about, the practised in the earliest ages; and

the matches burnt with rigour, and commu.

nicated thcir blaze to all combustibles, that it pleased Gud, while he treated with peculiar favour the seed of

wherever they were carried." Abraham his friend, and the ap

That the word 6.zils is capable of this pointed line, according to the Mesh sense, appears demonstratively from Isaiah of the great Messiah, to suffer much

vii. 4. “Fear not, for the two tails of :bese more knowledge of his will, and

smoking fire-brands (Rexin,"; &c. where

the same word is used for tails; but the intercourse with him by worship, to word for smoking tire-brands is not the obtain in early times, than we at same as in the history of Sainson: a differ. present are aware of. We have ence destrving notice, for these probabiy

to detail the subjects intend burning brands of wood; and so the treated in this part;

but as the ques

Seveni v render the word. (Were the lamps tion on

the jackalls of Samson of Gideon, (Judges vii.) these matches?) has lately been set before our read.

The reader will consider the above with ers under two representations 1, we

proper favour; ai leas!, he will perceive by

it, that the minutesc aiticles are not to be shall now, from this work, ofter a third, without, however, presuming Scripture, when more laboured comments

despised, bur may occasionally illustrate to affirm that the opinion of the struggle in vain with difficulties, which sp. writer, thongh plausible, is deci. verbal or grammatical knowledge can see sive. The first paragraph is trans

See vol. , p. 494485, $34.

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