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nate coups. Some of the wards are en- tical hospital training ; and so high is tirely self-supporting, and are made up of their repute, that their services are not inprivate rooms for patients who are willing frequently telegraphed for from feverto pay a higher price-an indescribable stricken, drain-soaked Cape Town, 600 blessing for those who have endured the miles distant. That scrupulous cleanliness bitter evil of illness in a strange country, and order should prevail throughout was a far separated from relations. Some wards matter of course, but I was not prepared are partly self-supporting, and still more for the aspect of decorative comfort, of are entirely free. A careful classification luxurious brightness, of the almost smilof races is naturally most essential ; and ing spirits of the adults, and of the ecstaas I pass through the corridors, I observe sies of inerriment among the children. that the inmates comprise all classes and To those who have contributed to infuse all ages, from the infant to the old man, such happiness in the midst of wonted and from the wealthy European gentleman pain and sorrow, I venture to think we
to the semi-animal Bushman ; while the may fitly apply that quotation whereof - variety of the diseases ranges from the the first words are, “ Inasmuch as ye have
rickety Koranna baby to the appalling done it ..." leper adult.* Probably some of the cases In truth, Englishmen have every reason would prove of interest to the greatest to be proud of this South African town as scientists of the leading London hospitals. worthily representing our nation. Free A Busbman boy of fourteen, walking from much of the rowdyism and sharp about with a conspicuous cicatrice in his practice of many gold-mining districts, throat, is pointed out as the subject of from the surly loutishness and savage treatsuccessful tracheotomy for malignant ment of natives which render odious cergrowth. I am assured that the extraor- tain Boer settlements, and from the bardinary number of 80 per cent of these and-billiard propensities of a very considfearful operations are successful in this erable section of torpid Cape Town man“ Carnarvon Hospital.” The chief medi- hood, the law-abiding characteristics of cal officer, Dr. Smith, to whom a large Kimberley are unimpeachable, its energy share of credit for the efficiency of the and enterprise are incontestable, and the hospital must be awarded, stated that the gentleman-like highly educated tone of its natives poseess a recuperative power, when society is unsurpassed throughout this subjected to corporeal wounds, which is part of the world. If I must needs qualify characteristic of animals rather than of by some cynical detraction a description human beings; and he instanced the re- which otherwise might appear a mere cent case of a native suffering from an in- eulogistic rhapsody, I can only refer to cised wound in the abdomen, seven inches the prime motive power of all Kimberley's long, and so deep that the viscera were expenditure of toil, money, and ingenuity exposed though not injured. No means the collection of small shining white were available for antiseptic or any special stones, almost valueless except for the treatment; cold water and common ban- capricious adornment of youthful beauty dages were the sole expedients ; but the which requires no such adventitious aids, wound healed by first intention, and in or for the illustration of the ugliness of seven days the patient was walking about aged hags. The irony of the consideraas sound as though he had never received tion can scarcely be exceeded by the a pin-prick in his life. The nurses, who matchless sarcasm of Captain Lemuel possess advantages beyond the common Gulliver when he parodies our craze for of attractive appearance and ladylike de- alphabetical titular distinctions, by repremeanor, undergo a strictly orthodox, prac. senting the best and wisest of the Lillipu
tians as crouching and crawling, hopping,
bounding, and grovelling, for the award * In the veldt districts leprosy is by no of a piece of blue thread. --Blackwood's means uncommon among the natives.
A DELIGHTFUL BOOK.
carry a "tackey," however, find themselves
sometimes in a dilemma. Mrs. Martin tells HOME LIFE ON AN OSTRICH FARM. By Annie
us of a new-comer who scoffed at being afraid Martin. New York : D. Appleton & Co,
of a bird, and strolled away by himself to a It is pleasant to find a book so fresh and camp, where the ostriches were specially ugly. attractive in its presentation of a bit of out His continued absence for many hours caused of-the-way life as the volume before us. We alarm, and on being traced, he was found on have been made so wearisomely familiar with the top of a huge ironstone boulder, with an nearly everything which could be written 'enraged ostrich walking " sentry go" around about to advantage in America, Europe, Asia, it. Here the poor fellow had squatted for half Africa, and Australia, and the hunger of the a day on & seat as hot as a griddle, with the travelling person for seeing himself in print rays of a torrid African sun beating down on is so great, that the book of travel or descrip- his head, afraid to descend. The finest male tion almost assures itself in advance, unless ostricbes are also the most fierce and intracthe name of the author gives a fillip to antici. table, and they often have to be killed, to the pation, weary, stale, flat, and unprofit. great loss of the farmer. Sometimes, too, a valu. able.” One who is obliged to read much ap- able bird, on being suddeny alarmed, will dash proaches such a production with reluctance, away in an aimless race so swiftly as to distance yet is sometimes refreshed with a shock of the fleetest horse, and run till it falls dead or surprise and pleasure. Such a stimulating breaks its legs. These are little difficulties douche the blasé reader finds in Mrs. Martin's which the ostrich raiser must be prepared for. sketches of life on an African ostrich farm. In fact, the bird is so capricious that its action The cattle ranch of the American West is full can never be anticipated. Though a remark. of interest in the wild and strange conditions ably long lived bird, it is singular that it will of the experiences incident to it. But in mope and refuse food if it receives any injary ostrich farming, as set forth in our present till it dies, apparently with a deliberate par. author's breezy and piquant fashion, there is pose of committing suicide. In an ostrich still greater fascination, at least to one who is camp there are certain invisible lines separatto know it vicariously.
ing the families, there being often two hens to The story of the habits of the ostrich, the one cock. They never encroach on each most stupid, ungainly, and vicious of birds, other's domains, and the intruder has to deal and the difficulties of managing a herd of them with only one at a time. But instantly he (for it seems as reasonable to apply such a term crosses the line he finds a fresh assailant to to these huge birds as to cattle), is set against meet with his “tackey." The comical stupida background of life and scenery so strange ity of these creatures is as amusing as it is that all of it seems like a romance in spite of dangerous. No amount of familiarity will disthe homely realism which is the substance of arm their treacherous ferocity. However say. it. The ostrich is the most timid and the age a male ostrich may be, let the object of its fiercest of creatures, unintelligent and yet attack get between the bird and its nest, and capricious ; and the herdsman or visitor is its pugnacity gives way to the greatest alarm compelled, however well the birds may be ac- and humility, the former attitude being customed to his presence, to be on the alert promptly resumed when the creature no longer against attack. Though the leg of the bird is fears for its mate and nestlings. There was a so brittle that in running it frequently snaps time when a fine cock would fetch £500, but it like glass, it can yet fracture the skull by a now one may be had for a fiftieth of the single blow of the formidable weapon, this sum ; yet the price of ostrich feathers seems being the favorite mode of attack. Yet the not to have seriously declined. The beauty aggressor is easily baffled. Every one ap- of the feathers will probably continue to make proaching an ostrich yard carries a "tackey,” them in the future as in the past an indisa branch of mimosa left with the untrimmed pensable help to the feminine toilet ; and the thorns. This the bearer thrusts into the face increasing demand keeps pace with the grow. of the charging ostrich and instantly brings ing supply. The feathers are always cut be. the brute to a standstill. The defence is very fore the quills are fully ripe. If the latter are simple but certain. Those who neglect to plucked too soon the succeeding feathers seem
to deteriorate. The process occurs once a and knows how to spend his wealth for the year; and this period of plucking, preparing, gratification of your senses, & man may break sorting, and packing for the market is the the Christian decalogue—ay, and even the busiest time of the ostrich farmer. The owner eleventh commandment, 'Thou shalt not be of ostriches expects to lose fully ten per cent found out,' and command yoar company and of his birds each year through their own in. approval. The fault is not in the code of corrigible pugnacity and stupidity. Yet, on morality you profess. That is austerely beau. the whole, it is a very profitable branch of tiful enough in all conscience. The fault is farming, and there seems to be no good rea not even in your own lives. Many of you are son why the business could not be acclima better in a dual conduct than you profess to tized in the United States—perhaps in south. be. The fact is, that you will not enforce western Texas and Arizona and southern Cali. against the rich and fashionable even the lowfornia. It might be an experiment worth the est of moral codes ; that you fathers will in. trying, if indeed it has not already been tried troduce your sons to men whom you know to in the latter named section. There is much in be dishonest and immoral ; that you mothers Mrs. Martin's book besides that which relates to throw your daughters into the society of wom. ostriches : vivid sketches of South African life en as shameless and mercenary (and with less and scenery ; of the characteristic pleasures excuse) as the wretched outcasts wbo earn a and hardships of the region, and of its various precarious livelihood on the streets of our birds and animals. The author is enthusiastic great towns. And yet you wonder at the about the value of tbe climate as a consump- cynical, pessimistic sentiments which fall from tion cure, and does much to awaken a keen in the lips of your son, who not long since was a terest in a region the conditions of which vary frank, enthusiastic schoolboy; and your 80 widely from our own.
daughter, who till she came out was as pure
minded and optimistic as a young girl should A NEW NOVEL.
be." All this is anent the career of a vile,
crawling Hebrew, who had risen by unsavory A MERCIFUL DIVORCE. A Story of Society. Practices to great wealth, and was received Town and Country Library. By F. W.
and caressed by people of the smart set, Maude. New York : D. Appleton & Co.
because he lavished his ill-won guineas in The Appleton series of novels entitled the catering to their needs and their pleasures. “ Town and Country Library” sustains its Why is it, by the way, that the novelist always standard of excellence. The latest issue, “A selects a Jew to represent persons of this type ? Merciful Divorce," offers a bright and sharp There are disreputable parvenues who are not picture of English life, with mingled currents descendants of Jacob. This is a question not of noble aspiration and sordid materialism to be discussed now, however, for it sounds running side by side. The burden of the au. the y-note of a very intricate problem, with thor's criticism of society, standing out clearly a Rothschild at one end of it and the filthy fron the body of the story, though it is not outcast of Russian tyranny at the other. precisely protruded as a moral, is the growing The novel before us deals with the fates of plutocracy and Philistinism of life ; the hard, Sir Arthur Gerrardine and Lady Edith Carselfish devotion to money and what money thage. The two had loved each other with brings ; the disposition to measure everything devoted tenderness ; but Edith sacrifices her by a financial test. This necessarily carries love to marry a rich and kind nonentity, that in its train the whole vile crew of sensual pas- she might save her wretched father from the sions and vices, for money can only buy grati. consequences of his own criminal folly ; and fication of these-never one single boon of Arthur in turn weds a frivolous and heartless pure happiness, except so far as it can relieve woman, who finally betrays him. How the the possessor from those sordid cares and wor. old love springs into powerful flame after ries which are only less degrading than exces. these ill-assorted marriages bave made both sive indulgence. The writer, in a strain bit. their victims wretchedly unhappy, and how terly just, says in the opening chapter : “ You nearly they are betrayed into gratifying this give life service to the beautiful Christian irresistible feeling, åt the expense of honor and code of ethics ; you profess yourself scandal. duty, are narrated in the story with a freshness ized that those who do not acquiesce in the and grace of treatment which redeem a very dogmas of your religion should be allowed to threadbare motive. The host of subordinate legislate for you ; and yet if he be rich enough, people in is social drama are sketched with
others, the Marchioness of Bredalbane, Lady sondet in a note-book of S. T. Coleridge Colin Campbell, and Miss Leale. Other vol. kindly lent to me by its present possessor, uines include “ The Home," by Mrs. Talbot his grandson, Mr. Ernest Hartley Coleridge. Coke, “Culture for Gentlewomen," by Miss The verses are in the poet's handwriting, and Emily Faithfull, also works on painting, the composition is certainly his, for the us. music, gardening, etc.
has many corrections ; indeed, I have had no TAE monument to Christopher Marlowe,
little difficulty in piecing out the text as the first of the great dramatic line of English
finally settled. The style, however, is so un. poets in priority of time, and only second in like that of any original composition known genius to Shakespeare, which was execated to be Coleridge's that I am much disposed to
believe this sonnet to be a translation, prob. by Mr. E. Onslow Ford, A.R.A., was unveiled
ably from the Italian or Spanish. If you will at Canterbury, on September 16th, by Mr. Henry Irving.
be good enough to print it, some reader of
the Athenæum may recognize the original." By arrangement with the American pub
J, D, C. lishers, Messrs. Macmillan & Co, will issue in
Lady, to Death we're doom'd, our crime the the course of the autumn an edition of Mr.
same! Lowell's poems complete in one volume, nni. Thou, that in me thou kindled'st such fierce form with their one volume editions of Tenny.
Heat ; son, Wordsworth and Shelley. Mr. Thomas
I, that my Heart did of a Sun so sweet Hughes will contribute an introduction to the The Rays concentre to so hot a flame.
I, fascinated by an Adder's Eyevolume, which should be welcome to many Deaf as an Adder thou to all my Pain ; admirers of the poet who have not cared to Thou obstinate in Scorn, in passion Iprovide themselves with the recently com
I lov'd too much, too much didst thou dis
dain. pleted library edition of his works.
Hear then our doom in Hell as just as stern, One of our English contemporaries, remark. Our sentence equal as our crimes conspireing upon the growing difficulty in finding Who living bask'd at Beauty's earthly Fire, new subjects of interest for the exhibitions
In living flames eternal there must burn
Hell for us both fit places too suppliesthat are becoming an annual institution among In my Heart Thou wilt burn, I roast before us—now that fishermen, inventors, health
thine eyes. conservators and restorers, Colonials, Ameri. cans, Spaniards, French, Italians, Danes, and Germans, together with our own army and
MISCELLANY. Davy, have all had their innings-urges the MODERN WAR.-If, in their general charclaims of literature to have an exhibition in its
acter, the nature of battles and the circumturn. It is pointed out, no doubt with con. stances under which battles have to be fought siderable truth, that the vast stores of the
change very materially, that in itself involves British Museum are practically closed to the a further change in the combinations which casual sight seer, “Nor," it is naïvely added,
are open for manæuvres in the field of which “would our national storehouses stand any the ultimate object is to lead up to battle. chance of rivalry with a vastly inferior show The size of the armies which will enter into that was accompanied by the more sensuous
the next great campaign in Europe will be so delights of the exhibition à la mode.” Of
vastly different from those which fought out course such a scheme would include graphic the great wars of the past, that their maneuillustrations of the entire process of book and vring in campaigns must necessarily be very newspaper production, the details of typog. different from anything that Napoleon underraphy, the entire processes of printing and took. Now, even during the later wars of binding, the manufacture of paper, with other Napoleon, Jomini was obliged to admit that kindred and subsidiary industries. The many of the experiences of the past must be writer of the article will, no doubt, have the materially modified as armies increased in publisher and printer on his side ; if he can size. One of the most familiar forms in which show any benefit likely to result to the au. Napoleon exercised his strategic skill lay in thor, he may perhaps secure Mr. Walter Be. defeating with his own entire army a fraction sant, and other literary champions, for his
of the forces opposed to him, before it could scheme.
be reinforced by the remainder of the enemy. The Athenæum prints the following com. Thus the element of time essentially entered unication : “I have found the following into the question. Even during the great
campaign of 1813, when Napoleon, holding a frequently embody their whole conception of central position on the Elbe, endeavored to strategy in a phrase which to a reader, taking strike from thence against the masses of allies it in its simple forin, is apt to seem like a formed in a great circle around him at Berlin, mere truism—that the great principle of in Silesia, and in Bohemia, experience showed strategy is to concentrate the largest possible that it was by no means easy to crush with force at the right moment at the decisive sufficient rapidity armies of 120,000 men so point. So stated, strategy may seem to have as to prevent them from being supported in nothing exceptional in its nature, and to in. time by others. As the allies gradually closed volve no study of the nature of the great orin on him, and the distances between their ganizations of men with which it is concerned. different forces diminished, this became con. But, in fact, this study and this knowledge tinually more and more apparent. In fact, it are presupposed by those who thus explain became clear, if it had been doubtful before their art. It is because armies are not mere hand, that the question was altogether a mat- gatherings of armed men, but have a vitality ter of proportion between time, distance, and of their own, that some very heavy blows may the resisting-power of the several armies con be struck against them without affecting a cerned. On the other hand, in 1814, when vital point, while a more skilfully directed the nature of the country invaded caused a stroke may destroy their whole future power reduction in the size of the armies moving of action. An army then, as it stands in the forward separately, Napoleon was able as of field, is of this character, that while the tightold to strike his blows right and left with tell. ing force directly opposed to the enemy is an ing effect. Now, if it were possible for an organism which depends for its vitality upon army of our day, supplied with all the imple- the trained spirit of order, discipline, and ments with which modern science has pro enthusiasm or devotion which holds it to. vided it, to meet any army of equal numbers gether, and on the trained capacity for mutual equipped as Napoleon's arwies were equipped, and effective fighting co-operation which the difference in power of the modern army makes it act like one man, it has also, reach. would be such that it would almost be able to ing far behind it, a long and weak tail, on the deal with its enemy as civilized armies pro. safety of which its very existence depends.vided with fire-arms were at first able to deal From “ War,'' by Colonel Maurice. with savages possessed only of bows and arrows. The artillery of the days of Napoleon TOBACCO FERMENTATION. -A
very essential would not be able to act at all, for our modern process is brought about by firmly packing infantry can fire with effect at a distance ripe tobacco in large quantities. It had been greater than could Napoleon's big guns. Our generally supposed that the fermentation is artillery would be able to destroy Napoleon's of purely chemical nature, but Herr Suchsarmy before either his artillery or infantry land, of the German Botanical Society, finds could act against us. Thus an army of 50,000 that a fungus is concerned in it. In all the men of our own time must be reckoned as tobaccos he examined, he found large quantipossessing, at least, the resisting power of ties of fungi, though of only two or three 100,000 of the days of Napoleon. It is obvi- species. Bacteriacea were predominant, but ous, therefore, that the relationship between Coccaceæ also occurred. When they were time, distance, and the resisting power of taken and increased by pure caltivation, and armies has been greatly affected by the change added to other kinds of tobacco, they proin the character of weapons, and that calcu. duced changes of taste and smell which relations as to what a superior army can do in called those of their original nutritive base. a given time to break up the force of an army In cultivation of tobacco in Germany it has opposing it, and to be free to deal with an- been sought to get a good quality, chiefly by other army, are greatly modified.
ground cultivation, and introduction of the In modern war the effort of the general is best kinds of tobacco. But it is pointed out directed to maintaining in its full efficiency that failure of the best success may be due to “the vast and complicated machine'' which the fact that the more active fermenting fungi he handles, and to breaking up and destroy- of the original country are not brought with ing the efficiency of that to which he is op. the seeds, and the ferments here cannot give posed. This is the central fact to be kept in such good results. Experiments made with a mind. Generals and soldiers, long accus. view to improvement on the lines suggested tomed to look at war from this point of view, have apparently proved successful.- Nature.