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Then the rain ceased slashing on branch and pool,

And swift came the sunshine, after ;
And the thrush and the yaffel screamed, “ April Fool !”
And the covert rang with laughter.

-New Review.

ees.

than the acquisition of wealth, it would respect too far is certainly to err in the only be necessary to follow the rule by right direction. which some people guide their conduct in Another item of character which plays life, viz. “Get money, honestly if you an important part in moulding the future can ; but if you can't get it honestly, get is one's ideas regarding“ standard of com

Want of honesty and morality may fort" and expenditure. If a man makes in some isolated instances be no bar to ac up his mind to practise thrift, and if he quiring mere wealth, but generally would considers that word a synonym for meanbe, more particularly in the case of employ- ness, stinginess, and shabbiness, in order

to save money, he has very little knowlThe same may be said of punctuality. edge of the world. “Take care of the Punctuality is a habit which indicates a pence, and the pounds will take care of great deal more than the simple facts of themselves" is advice ill-suited to the rebeing at business in good time, keeping an quirements of modern life. Judicious ex. appointment punctually, or making pay- penditure has probably made more fortunes ments promptly ; it is an indication of than saving and economy have ; and even character, and as such should be carefully among those whose incoines are not large cultivated. It is, perhaps, quite unneces and whose resources are limited (clerks in sary to lay stress upon the need of main- banks and similar institutions, men in bustaining a character for honesty, sobriety, iness, or budding professional men) the morality, and punctuality by those who are expenditure of a disproportionately large ambitious to rise to important positions in part of income on appearances, not perlife.

sonal appearance only, is frequently one of There are, however, elements of charac- the very best investments that could be ter more subtle, less easy to cultivate, and made with the money. Extravagance is yet which have tremendous influence in not judicious expenditure, and usually infixing the stratum of society to which a dicates a weak point in one's character. man is ultimately to rise or fall. Two of A man who has no other merit will frethese are self-respect and thrift. With quently rely upon reckless expenditure to regard to self-respect it cannot be too obtain for him the character for liberality strongly impressed that the chief means of and the good opinion of his fellows. gaining the respect of others is to respect The foregoing brief summary is perhaps one's self. But there is danger in both di. sufficient to show to how large an extent rections. Want of self-respect will soon success is dependent upon character. But bring one down, no matter how favorable a good character is hardly an active cause other circumstances may be ; but in guard- of success, although it is a condition necing against it, and it must be guarded essary to success. Everybody is expected against at all hazards, it is possible to go to be honest, sober, punctual, moral, and to the other extreme, and the production to possess self-respect'; and, strictly speakwill be conceit and snobbery. There is, ing, there is no comparative or superlative however, plenty of distance between Scylla of these qualities in their positive form. and Charybdis ; the one must be avoided, If one man is less honest than another, the and it is well not to go too near the other. former must be at least slightly dishonest. The moment self-respect becomes a nega- If a man is not very honest, he is not an tive quality there is great risk to the honest man at all ; and if not very sober, career, while as a positive quantity it may his sobriety becomes a negative quantity develop and increase considerably before at once. But if honesty and sobriety are it becomes injurious to success. By those not active causes of success, on the other whose standard of self-respect is low any band dishonesty, intemperance, and want higher standard than their own will be im- of self-respect are very active causes of mediately dubbed conceit, and therefore failure, and may exist in every state and judgment is required to fix the lines be- stage from positive to superlative. tween want of self-respect and self-esteem It would be impossible within the limits carried to excess. This zone, for it can of a magazine article to dwell at length not be described as a line, must not be upon each item of the component parts of fixed for us by others, but by ourselves, the four classes into which the elements of and the taunt of conceit must not be too success have been divided ; indeed, to do readily taken to heart, for to carry self- so would probably result in a réchauffé of

stale platitudes. Having briefly glanced Talent, cultivated or uncultivated, if it at the value of character, we now come to is only of average quality, is financially of ability.

little value. It becomes of value when it Forti nihil difficilewas the adopted is above the average, and its value then will motto of Lord Beaconsfield, a man who be found to increase in a geometrical rather rose to a very high pinnacle of fame and than an arithmetical progression. It is in success by means principally of his abili- this respect like diamonds or pearls, the ties ; not altogether by his abilities, for relative values of large and small being out even the circumstance of being placed in a of all proportion to size, every increase in sphere in which he had the opportunity of size adding to the price in a much greater distinguishing bimself was not entirely due ratio until, like the Koh-i-noor and other to his inherent merits, and so becomes luck. historical gems, they become of almost To the strong nothing is difficult,” was priceless value.' So it is with talent and his somewhat conceited motto, and there skill. A man may have a talent for music, is truth in the assertion ; therefore it would and may have bestowed upon it considerbe useful to the aspirants to success to able cultivation. Up to a point it will only know who are “ the strong.' What con- afford recreation to himself and pleasure stitutes this strength which renders noth- to his friends, and at the same time be of ing difficult ? It is special knowledge. very little market value, even though a not “The strong' are those who have that very wide gulf divides him from profesknowledge, and who are not handicapped sionals receiving fabulous sums for their with adverse circumstances beyond their services. own control,

Special professional skill or knowledge It must not be assumed that knowledge has proportionally very much greater value is a synonym for scholastic attainments. than average knowledge. In professions Scholastic attainments form a most valuable like those of law and medicine, there is so help to success, but it is well known that much ground to cover and so much knowlmere scholars, as a general rule, are not edge to acquire, that it is almost impossisuccessful men of the world. The branch ble in a lifetime to master every branch of of knowledge which contributes most to the study, and to keep pace with the new success is that which Lord Beaconsfield Acts, judicial interpretations, or medical possessed, a knowledge of men and of the discoveries which each year produces. ways of the world ; and it could easily be To attempt to master the whole would shown by examples that when scholars usually result in general knowledge and have achieved success it has been because skill of only average quality. It is the they have possessed some of the other ele. specialist who makes a reputation and a ments of ability.

fortune. The great secret of professional The constituent parts of ability for the success is to possess some branch of the purpose of advancing one's self in the world skill or knowledge in a greater degree than are natural talent, education or acquired the average of those in the profession, andi ability, energy, discretion, address and if possible beyond all others. It is better manners, and self-assertion.

for the individual, and certainly better for Natural talent is an accident of birth, humanity, that a medical man, for inand is undoubtedly a kind of luck, but it stance, should devote himself heart and is also inherent merit. Natural talent sel- soul to the investigation and study of some dom contributes to success except when it particular form of disease, and thereby add is cultivated, and when it is applied in a to pre-existing knowledge, and be himself direction where it is appreciated, and in request because of his special skill. when the person who possesses it knows It goes without saying that those who how to let those to whom it is of value have natural talents and education have an know that he does possess it. The proc. advantage over those who have not, other ess of cultivation of natural talent is called things being equal. It is because other education, and it is only when education things are not equal that men of education has made considerable progress that it is sometimes fail to succeed, and are pushed possible to discover what natural talents aside in the race of life by others whose one possesses, and whether or not they are scanty information and moderate attainsuch as to be worth placing reliance upon ments are compensated for by energy, disto ensure a saccessful career.

cretion, and self-assertion. NOW SERIES. — VOL, LIV., No. 1.

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than the acquisition of wealth, it would respect too far is certainly to err in
only be necessary to follow the rule by right direction.
which some people guide their conduct in Another item of character which
life, viz. “Get money, honestly if you an important part in moulding the
can; but if you can't get it honestly, get is one's ideas regarding“ standar
it." Want of honesty and morality may fort” and expenditure. If ar
in some isolated instances be no bar to ac up his mind to practise thrift
quiring mere wealth, but generally would considers that word a synony
be, more particularly in the case of employ- ness, stinginess, and shabbir
ees.

to save money, he has ver
The same may be said of punctuality. edge of the world. “T
Punctuality is a habit which indicates a pence, and the pounds
great deal more than the simple facts of themselves” is advice i
being at business in good time, keeping an quirements of modern
appointment punctually, or making pay- penditure has probabl
ments promptly ; it is an indication of than saving and eco
character, and as such should be carefully among those whos
cultivated. It is, perhaps, quite unneces-

and whose resourc sary to lay stress upon the need of main- banks and simila taining a character for honesty, sobriety, iness, or buddi morality, and punctuality by those who are expenditure of ambitious to rise to important positions in part of incor Jife.

There are, however, elements of charac- the very 1 ter more subtle, less easy to cultivate, and made wit' yet which have tremendous influence in not judic fixing the stratum of society to which a dicates man is ultimately to rise or fall. Two of A mai these are self-respect and thrift. regard to self-respect it cannot be too obta

ters; strongly impressed that the chief means of and

acities, gaining the respect of others is to respect

.. however, one's self. But there is danger in both directions. Want of self-respect will soon

the parent, by bring one down, no matter how favorable

As best suited to other circumstances may be ; but in guarding against it, and it must be guarde against at all hazards, it is possible to to the other extreme, and the produce will be conceit and snobbery. The however, plenty of distance between and Charybdis ; the one must be a and it is well not to go too near th The moment self-respect becom tive quality there is great ri career, while as a positive qua develop and increase consid it becomes injurious to suce whose standard of self-res higher standard than their mediately dubbed concei

le judgment is required to tween want of self-respe

aits carried to excess. This not be described as

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re, alas ! too many others have lived to know how at ne form of some period in their careers they paused

before two turnings, and by good fortune sty alone avoided destruction.

Luck consists of opportunity and assistnce. Opportunity is indispensable to suc

but assistance is not indispensable, ress may be achieved not only withce, but even with that form of rative quantity. Unearned al parentage,

useful nal appearance, good

nt of pure chance ant junctures, these ich facilitate one's eni in life. c properties of money are n, alike to those who have it 10 have it not, to require even ot comment.

Suffice it to say erience seems to furnish constant .es of the fulfilment of the Scriptural 10x : “ Unto every one that hath shall given, and he shall have abundance ; ut from him that hath not shall be taken away even that which he hath."

Parentage, even in the last decade of the nineteenth century, is a potent ele

ment. The influence of a father who ocos de- cupies an important position in the world

a con- is, of course, of service to the son. But in which valuable assistance is derived very often and an ab- from the mere possession of a name which on to do seri- indicates influential connections, or kinship

ignorance, or with an aristocratic family, even though n the whole, op- it be an impoverished peerage or a new ī may

be said that creation. It is undoubtedly true that the ke his own oppor- English people " dearly love a lord,” and uccess ; he can choose it is not untrue that even professing demor instance. True, if he crats have at tiines betrayed indications of d fortune not to have had a kind of sneaking reverence, not only for ne chosen for him by others, lords, but also for remote collateral de.f. A man commencing the scendants of aristocratic families, and have

life frequently has more than not unfrequently shown a preference for opening placed before him, and leaders chosen from the classes.'' epends upon a correct decision as rentage still influences employers in the .ch is the better, and that decision selection of clerks and others in similar po.

d often be made through some cir- sitions, although not to so large an extent ustance as purely the operation of as formerly. Caste influence is still so ance as the result of tossing up a coin strong that the appointment of the son of into the air. The advantages of one

a mechanic to be a clerk would, in many course may be carefully considered and places of business, produce great indignaweighed against the prospects of the other, tion, and most probably the new-comer and yet chance may be the ultimate arbiter. would be virtually boycotted by men perMany who have failed in life have be. haps morally and mentally his inferiors, moaned that failure was due to their hav and possessed in a less degrec of the ining adopted a fatal course, through no want stincts and manners of gentlemen. This of judgment, when another was open ; same caste influence is not confined to the

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