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Line 14, p. 3, for “Killifrew," read Killigrew.
NOTE.--Hitherto, the Editor has had so little control over the mechanical department of the work, that it has been impossible for him to entirely obviate typographical errors. It would have been different, however, in the present number, but that the necessity of putting the printing into new hands caused a delay of several weeks ; and then, in order to be in time, it had to be done in a hurry. But now all necessary arrangements aro completed, so that in future the work will appear promptly and regularly on the first day of the quarter.
NATIONAL QUARTERLY REVIEW.
Art. 1.-1. The Works of Francis Bacon, of Verulam, Viscount St.
Albans, and Lord High Chancellor of England, collected and edited by JAMES SPEDDING, M. A., of Trinity College, Cambridge, ROBERT LESLIE ELLIS, M. A., late Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge ; and Douglas DENON HEATB, Barrister-at-Law, late Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge. Vol. XI., being vol. I. of the Literary and Professional Works. Boston: Brown and
Taggard. 1860. 2. Franz Baco Von Verulam Die Real-philosophie und ihr Zeitalter.
Von Kuno Fischer, Leipzig. 1856. 3. Oeuvres de Bacon Traduction Revue Corrigée et pricédée d'une
introduction, par M. F. RIAUX. Paris : Charpentier. 4. Examen de la Philosophie de Bacon. Ouvrage posthume du Comte
Joseph de Maistre. Lyons : 1852.
IT may be truly said of Bacon that he has taught more to reason and think, and contributed more to human happiness, than any other writer of modern times. Those who believe the worst of what has been alleged against his moral character and find most errors in his philosophy, can hardly deny this. He had great faith himself in the verdict of posterity. In all his works there is evidence of the proud consciousness that he is addressing, not only
VOL. II.--NO, III.
the people of his own country and age, but of all countries, and all future ages. Amid his greatest misfortunes he found consolation in this. Those of his contemporaries who admired him most thought he was too sanguine in regard to his fame. The few who were capable of appreciating such a man, had indeed an exalted opinion of his genius ; and they gave him full credit for all the learning he possessed, great and multifarious as it was. Nor do they seem to have doubted that his writings would endure. But they evidently had no idea of the wonderful intellectual activity which they were destined to produce. In this respect their influ. ence was undervalued by the author himself, certain as he felt that they were immortal.
It is not the less true, however, that the Baconian philosophy gets credit for much more than it has accomplished. Both its advantages and its errors are greatly exaggerated; but the latter much more than the former. After making all due allowance for excessive praise and depreciation, sufficient remains in the works of Bacon to entitle them to the first rank among the noblest similar productions of the human mind. Those who appreciate them most highly should be satisfied with assigning them this position, without claiming for them an originality which they do not possess. It is not necessary to rob Aristotle, Plato, Socrates, or any of the ancient philosophers of the smallest of their rightful honors in order to prove that the great English Chancellor was a master-spirit, a true philosopher, and, in spite of his vices, a benefactor of mankind. Yet, as we shall see in the course of our remarks such is done, and to a much greater extent than even the most intelligent classes are generally aware of.
The times in which he lived afforded no opportunities or facilities for mental culture and development which Bacon did not possess to the fullest extent. His father, Sir Nicholas Bacon, had held the great Seal of England during the first twenty years of the reign of Elizabeth, and retained that high position until his death. He was the nephew of the Lord Treasurer, Burleigh, and the grandson of Sir Anthony Cook, tutor to King Edward the Sixth. Anne, his mother, was one of the most learned and accomplished ladies of her time. She wrote Greek with facility and elegance, and spoke and wrote Latin with fluency and taste. Strype tells us, in his “Life of Archbishop Parker," that she corresponded in Greek with Bishop Jewel, and translated his Apologia