Pagina-afbeeldingen
PDF
ePub

ker. We have described, also, the delightful garden of Eden, which the Creator himself selected and planted for the first parents of our race. To instruct and gratify our young readers, we have given a geographical description of Mesopotamia, that most interesting country in which this garden was situated, and the rivers and places. in it, which are mentioned in the Bible.

medium of conveying much religious heritance bestowed on him by his Mainstruction to the young mind. "All our school books," the author remarks, “should be formed with particular reference to the moral im provement of the rising generation in a manner best adapted to make correct impressions on their minds, and to excite useful inquiries. None of the sciences can be managed to effect these purposes so, well, as geography, combined, as it naturally and necessarily is, both with astron gray and history. These sciences Bich are blended in this book, at once entertain and enlarge the fund."

The work is arranged under three neral heads,-Ancient, Modern and Prospective Geography; and These are subdivided into sections convenient length for lessons.:

6

In the first section, we have an account of the creation of the heav ons and the earth.' This is given in the language of Moses, the best unbtedly that could be selected for thit purpose. Then, after several sections on the solar system, naturalgeography, and natural history, we have an interesting and somewhat extended account of the creation and character of man, and of the antry which was the place of his early abode, and the scene of his early history. An epitome of this, and of the second general division of the work may be best given in the words of the author, we take them from the introduction to his third division on Prospective Gegraphy."

[ocr errors]

Beginning with the creation of the heaven and the earth, we have described the process of that great work, as given us by Moses, in the successive parts of it, to its completion, when the earth was fitted to be the happy abode of innocent beings.

.

We have given an account of the building of the ark by Noah; of the flood, and its awful effects on the earth;

of the building of Babel; of the confounding of the original and common language of mankind; the forming of new languages for different portions of them; thus laying the foundation for their dispersion over the face of the earth, and becoming the seeds of t nations who have since inhabited it. We have presented a general view of the introduction of Christianity, and of its wonderful effects on the world.

the

"We have taken a general and par ticular geographical survey of the earth, as it now lies before us, and have noticed, some of the wonderful

events of the last half century, and the varied and innumerable improvements which have been made in every thing

which relates to the elevation, convenience, increase, and happiness of mankind. New nations we find are springing up in parts of the world, till lately hardly known, which will probably

soon rival the old ones. The inhabitants of the earth are every where wak ing up-combining together-pressing onward-and in many different ways urging on the advancement of things to some great and glorious end. 'In the progress of these events,' a late writer pertinently observes, it is impossible not to perceive that an immense change is about to be effected, with respect to the aspect of the civil ized world.""

Pursuing these remarks, the author thus introduces his pupils to the prospective part of his book.

"We have described the solar sys- "Contemplating these things, every tem in its several parts; the earth one will be ready to ask-what is the which we inhabit, particularly in its nature of these expected changes, and grand divisions and natural history. of this glorious end which they are to We have given an account of the cre accomplish? and when are these things ation, the, high rank and character of to be? To satisfy inquiries of this MAN, and the vast and splendid, in-kind, as far as they can be satisfied, is

our object in this concluding part of our little work.

"We are fully aware, that of the future it becomes us to speak with caution. We can trace back our own

way to former ages by the monuments which those who have gone before us have left behind them, and can tell with confidence what has been. The present is before us, and of that, therefore, we can speak with certainty. But a darkness hangs over the future, which nothing but the eye of the Great Supreme can penetrate."

to criticise it as theologians, much less to make it the occasion of prophetic disputation.'

Leaving this matter, as we find it, we think that the prospective, is not the least valuable portion of Dr. M.'s book. It is introduced, with the proposition that "there will be a great moral change in the future ages of the world." And this is not only presumed from what has transpired, and is transpiring, in the

earth, but is made evident from nu

It would seem so, from the multi-merous passages of scripture, thrown tude of disputes and theories which together in an interesting form. Ex have existed, from the earliest fa- tracts from this part of the book thers downwards, concerning, not might be given as furnishing a grate the fact of a millennium, but the ful theme for 'meditation to the old time of its commencement, its naas well as young; but we have hardly room to add, that while the character of the book induces us to recommend it to the guardians of the young,* our wish that it may receive their patronage, is strengthened by the consideration that it comes from hands which, in the evening of an industrious and useful life, are still devoted to objects f public benefit.

ture, its duration, and the things that shall succeed it. We do not mean to intimate that Dr. M.'s prospective geography is of a conjectural or visionary character. There are indeed some views quite at the close of the volume, respecting "a new heaven and new earth," after "the first heaven and the first earth" shall have passed away, which are far from being adopted by all writers on prophecy, and which we sball not attempt to settle, since it is not our design in noticing this little work,

*The contents of this chapter, as well as some other things contained in the book, would hardly be included in the ordinary definition of the term geography. Dr. M. remarks, however, that he uses the word in an enlarged sense, making it as comprehensive as his plan.

[blocks in formation]

LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE.

TWENTY-ONE Indian youths have been placed by the Choctaw tribe under the care of Col. R. M. Johnson, for the purpose of receiving an education at Great Crossing, in Kentucky.

Kings College at Windsor, Nova Scotia, chartered in 1802, is stated to have 4 Professorships, and 16 scholarships, 12 of which are Divinity foundations. The present number of students is about 30. Connected with

ry school which has a building of free-
stone erected at an expense of £5000.
The college edifice is ir a ruinous
state, and the bishop of Nova Scotia
was lately in London: Soliciting sub-
scriptions for the erection of a new
one. The
receives
establishment
£1000 a year from the government, and
is designed exclusively for "Episcopali-
ans..

The Presbyterians, being thus deprived of the, benefits of Kings. Colthe College is a flourishing preparato- lege, determined to establish one for

themselves. Accordingly, with the aid of subscriptions in Scotland, they founded a seminary, eight or ten years since, at Pictou, about one hundred miles north-east of Halifax. This seminary is now in a flourishing condition.

NEWSPAPERS IN ITALY.-Only six newspapers are published in all Italy, in which there are 19,000,000 of inhabitants. Of these, one is published at Naples-the Piedmontese Gazette, which has but 200 subscribers at 6 dollars per annum and appears triweekly, one at Genoa has 300 subscribers at 4 dollars per annum-one at Florence, capital of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany-one at Milan, and one at Rome. They contain little else than accounts of births, deaths, marriages, visits of Royal Families, &c. Politics, philosophy, or religious discussion would not be tolerated.

NEWSPAPERS IN GREAT BRITAIN. The following statement respecting

the number of newspapers circulated in Great Britain, is from a speech delivered in the British House of Commons by Lord John Russell.

"There were not less than 23,600,000 newspapers sold in the country in the last year; of these the daily London newspapers sold about 11,000,000, the country papers above 7,000,000, and the weekly papers above 2,000,000."

CANALS IN GREAT BRITAIN.--It is stated in the Register of Arts and Sciences, that there are in Great Britain 103 canals, the total extent of which is two thousand six hundred and eightytwo and a quarter miles, which cost thirty millions sterling. This estimate of the cost gives an average of something more than eleven thousand pounds per mile. There are in the various canals 18 subterranean passages, 40 of which have an extent of 32 miles. None of these works were projected prior to the year 1755.

RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE.

BURMAN MISSION.-Our readers are aware that very painful apprehensions have existed in the Christian public for the fate of the American missionaries at Ava, who at the approach of the British army to Rangoon, were hurried into the interior, and from whom, till very recently, no intelligence had been received since early in 1824. These apprehensions are now relieved by the following letter. It is dated at Calcutta, May 23, and is addressed to Mr. Evarts of Boston.

"My dear Sir:-It gives me infinite pleasure to acquaint you that Mr. and Mrs.Judson are alive and well.Accounts have this day been received of them; they have been liberated, and sent with other European prisoners to treat with the British commander for peace. A peace will undoubtedly be made immediately, and all will be well. I request you to give all possible publicity to this communication, as the Christian world is deeply interested in the fate of these respected persons. Yours. &c.

E. A. NEWTON.

CEYLON.-About a year since the pleasing intelligence was communi

cated to the Christian public, of two seasons of the outpouring of the Holy Spirit on the various stations of the American missionaries in Ceylon. As the fruits of the first of these revivals, forty-one native members were added to the church on the 20th of January, 1825, after a probation of their sincerity and steadfastness for nearly a year. 2 others are candidates for future admission. The church now contains seventy-three native members. The children under the instruction of the missionaries amount to 2669, of which only 255 are girls. The missionaries consider their contemplated college as an object of very great importance and urge it upon the attention of the American community.

THE SENECA MISSION which was sometime ago broken up by a perverse application of an existing law in NewYork, has been re-established, with increased prospects of success.

ANTI-SLAVERY SOCIETY OF MARYLAND. In an address to the public, this Society says, "There are now in the United States more than one hun

dred societies, formed on the basis of ours, who are pledged to aid and assist in the glorious work of emancipation. They are located as follows:-In Rhode-island, 1; New-York, 1; Pennsylvania, 4; Delaware, 1; Maryland, 4; Virginia, 2; North-Carolina, 41; Tennessee, 23; Kentucky, 6: Ohio, 6; Illinois, 12.-Total, 101. More than forty of these associations have been organized within the space of two years in our southern country.

Among the measures adopted by the ⚫ Maryland Society for the furtherance of its objects, is the project of opening a trade with Africa from the city of Baltimore; for which purpose books have been opened in that city for stock to be invested in the proposed trade. The object of the enterprise" is to afford facilities to the free coloured people of Maryland, and of the United States, to procure their own passage to the land of their fathers, by opening a trade with 40,000,000 of inhabitants in Africa: by supplying them with the necessities of life, and receiving the produce of their soil, instead of slaves in return. The exports from this country will be manufactured articles

of small bulk; those received from them will be much more bulky, and consequently three-fourths of the vesseis in this trade would be under the necessity of going out in ballast, and afford a favourable opportunity to colonists to procure a passage. They would reduce the price to Africa so low as to be within the reach of every coloured person in America."

DONATIONS TO RELIGIOUS AND CHARI-
TABLE INSTITUTIONS.

In the month of October.
To the American Board, $9,143.50.
To the United Foreign Missionary
Society, $1292.59.

To the American Bible Society. $5226.50.

To the American Education Society, $368.84.

The Treasurer of the United Domestic Missionary Society acknowledges the receipt of $1962.16 since the 17th of August; also the receipt of four obligations for $1000 each, payable in one, two, three, and four years. from the first of May next, and $500 in cash from an individual.

ORDINATIONS AND INSTALLATIONS. March 5.-The Rev. Mr. Bush, over the Presbyterian Church at Indianapolis, Indiana. Sermon by the Rev. John F. Crow.

April 13.-The Rev. BAYNARD R. HALL, over the Church at Bloomington, Indiana. Sermon by the Rev. Isaac Reed.

June 4.-The Rev. ALEXANDER WILLIAMSON, as an Evangelist, at Charlestown, Indiana.

June 4.-The Rev. TILLY H. BROWN, over the United Churches of Bethlehem and Blue River, Indiana. Sermon by the Rev. Isaac Reed.

Aug. The Rev. STEPHEN BLISS, at Vincennes, Indiana, to the office of the ministry, by the Salem Presbytery. At the same time the Rev. Mr. Scorr was installed Pastor of the Church at Indiana.

Sept. 2.-The Rev. GEORGE FOOTE was ordained as an Evangelist, by the Presbytery of Hopewell, at Monticello, Georgia. Sermon by the Rev. B. Gildersleeve.

Sept. 21.-The Rev. LUCAS HURBELI, over the First Presbyterian Church in Lyons, N. Y.

ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.

OUR Correspondents must excuse us from noticing their communications seyerally; their favours are gratefully received, and shall receive due attention. Errata. At p. 557, 1. 28, col. 2, for places, read plans i-p. 588, 1. 38, c. 2, for regaled, read regarded;-p. 603, in the notice of "Wahl's Lexicon, for philosophy, read philology.

Before closing the present volume it is proper that we should correct an erroneous statement at p. 491, respecting the destruction of the Baptist Mission House at Serampore. The account proves to be incorrect.

*Subscribers will receive this Number some days later than usual: the delay is owing to circumstances which could not be avoided. New Publications and various other articles are deferred till next month for want of room.

INDEX

TO THE

ESSAYS, INTELLIGENCE, &c.

OF THE

SEVENTH VOLUME OF THE CHRISTIAN SPECTATOR.

ADDISON, 412

African Institution, 435

486

Boukaria, 162

Bowdoin College, 162

manners in the capital of Soolima, Bulletin Universel, 109

[blocks in formation]

of the Am. Bible Society, 331
battle of Lexington, 273
New-York S. S. Únion,

United For. Mis. Socie-

Answers to correspondents, 56, 112, 280, 336,
440, 496, 560, 668

Anti-slavery society of Maryland, 667

Burlington College, 109
Burman mission, 667
Byron, 450

Cabinet of Yale College, 328
Cain, thoughts suggested by his history, 57%
Calvin and persecution, 411
Canals in Great Britain, 666

Capture of Jerusalem in the first Crusade,

141

Cataraugus station, 492
Catholic Bishops, 55

Centre College of Kentucky, 372
Ceylon, 667

Cherokee Literary Society, 222
Choctaw Mission, 53

Choice of a wife, 455

Christian Examiner, reply to, '94, 154, 210,
265, 300

Christian's duty to give a reason of his hope,

502

Christian Theology, 327
Chronometer, 50
Clerical customs, 292
Collection of Indian Speeches, 49
Colleges in Nova Scotia, 666
Collegiate record, 485

for the year, 541
Colombia Bible Society, 382
Columbia College, 162
Common Schools, 582
Comparison, 412

Conference at Herrnaut, 606

Apostles in their sufferings, an example to Connecticut Miss. Society, 166

ministers, 57

Arabian poetry, specimens of, 138, 191

Asiatic researches, 544

Astronomy, 374

Aurora Borealis, 603

[blocks in formation]
[blocks in formation]

VOL. VII. No. 12.

85

« VorigeDoorgaan »