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think that they would know somebody at gin, knowing nothing. The feeling was Bordighera - some of the inhabitants. strange, and very forlora. It is an uoYes, tea, if you please. And then I think pleasant experience even for those who I shall go to bed; for twenty-four hours are strangers, to whom it is a passing inin the train is very fatiguing, besides the cideat; but as the speaker was her sister excitement. Don't you think Frances is and the listener her father, Frances could very much like mamma? There is a little not help feeling forlorn. Generally in way she has of setting her chin. Look the evening conversation flagged between there! That is mamma all over. I think them. He would have his book, and they would get on together very well: in. Frances sometimes had a book too, or a deed, I feel sure of it.” And again there drawing upon which she could work, or at was a significant look exchanged, which least her knitting. She had felt that the once more went like a sting to Frances's silence which reigned in the room was not beart.

what ought to be. It was not like the talk “ Your sister has been telling me," said which was supposed to go on in all the Mr. Waring, with a little hesitation, " of novels she had ever read where the people a great many people I used to know. You were nice. And sometimes she attempied must be very much surprised, my dear; to entertain her father with little incidents but I will take an opportunity - He in the life of their poor neighbors, or things was confused before her, as if he had been which Mariuccia had told her; but he before a judge. He gave her a look which listened benevolently, with his finger bewas half shame and half gratitude, senti- tween the leaves of his book, or even ments both entirely out of place between without closing his book, looking up at him and Frances. She could not bear her over the leaves - only out of kindness that he should look at her so.

to her, not because he was interested ; and “Yes, papa,” she said as easily as she then silence would fall on them, a silence could, “I know you must have a great which was very sweet to Frances, in the deal to talk of. If Constance will give me midst of which her owo little stream of her keys, I will unpack her things for thoughts flowed very continuously, but her." Both the girls instinctively, oddly, which now and then she was struck to addressed each other through their father, the heart to think must be very dull for the only link between them, hesitating a papa. little at the familiarity which nature made But to-night it was not dull for him. necessary between them, but which had She listened, and said to herself this no other warrant.

was the way to make conversation; and “Oh! isn't there a maid who can do laughed whenever she could, and followed it?” Constance cried, opening her eyes. every little gesture of her sister's with

The evening seemed long to Frances, admiring eyes. But at the eod, Frances, though it was not long. Constance trifled though she would not acknowledge it to over the tea - which Mariuccia made with herself, felt that she had not been amused. much reluctance — for half an hour. But She thought the people in the village were she talked all the time; and as her talk just as interesting. But then she was not was of people Frances had never heard so clever as Constance, and could not do of, and was mingled with little allusions them justice in the same way. to what had passed before, “I told you “And now I am going to bed,” Conabout him,” “ You remember we were stance said. She rose up in an instant talking of them,” with a constant recur with a rapid movement, as if the thought rence of names which to Frances meant had only just struck her, and she obeyed nothing at all, it seemed long to her. the impulse at once. There was a freedom

She sat down at the table, and took her about all her movements which troubled knitting, and listened, and tried to look as and captivated Frances. She had been if she took an interest. She did indeed leading half over the table, her sleeves, lake a great interest; no one could have which were a little wide, falling back from been more eager to enter without arrière her arms, now leaning her chin in the pensée into the new life thus unfolded be: hollow of one hand, now supporting it fore her; and sometimes she was amused with both, putting her elbows wherever and could laugh at the stories Constance she pleased. Frances herself had been was telling; but her chief feeling was that trained by Mariuccia to very great desense of being entirely “out of it,” having corum in respect to attitudes. if she did nothing to do with it, which makes people furtively now and then lean an elbow upon who do not understand society feel like the table, she was aware that it was wrong so many ghosts standing on the mar- | all the time ; and as for legs, she knew it

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was only men who were permitted to cross for his sole companion - when he came them, or to do anything save sit with two to think of it, nothing could be more un. seet equal to each other upon the floor. natural, more extraordinary; and yet he But Constance cared for none of these had liked it well enough, as well as he rules. She rose up abruptly (Mariuccia could have liked anything at that crisis of would have said, as if something had his fate. He was the kind of man who, stung her) almost before she had finished in other circumstances, in another age, what she was saying. “Show me my would have made himself a monk, and room, please,” she said, and yawned. She spent his existence very placidly in illu. yawned quite freely, naturally, without minating manuscripts. He had done any attempt to conceal or to apologize for something as near this as is possible to an it as if it had been an accident. Frances Englishman, not a Roman Catholic, of could not help being shocked, yet neither the nineteenth century. Unfortunately, could she help laughing with a sort of Waring had no ecclesiastical tendencies, pleasure in this breach of all rules. But or even in the nineteenth century he Constance only stared, and did not in the might have found out for himself some least understand why she should laugh. pseudo-monkery in which he could have

“Where have you put your sister ?” | been happy: As it was, he had retired Mr. Waring asked.

with his litile girl, and on the whole had “I have put her in the room next to been comfortable enough. But now the yours, papa; between your room and little girl had grown up, and required to mine, you know : for I am in the blue room have various things accounted for; and

There she will not feel strange; the other individuals who had claims upon she will have people on each side." him, whom he thought he had shaken off

" That is to say you have given her" altogether, had turned up again, and had

It was Frances's lurn now to give a to be dealt with. The monk had an easy warning glance. “The room I thought time of it in comparison. He who has she would like best,” she said, with a soft but himself to think of may manage him. but decisive tone. She too had a little self, if he has good luck; but the respon. imperious way of her own. It was so sibility of others on your shoulders is a soft, that a stranger would not have found terrible drawback to tranquillity. A little it out; but in the palazzo they were all girl! that seemed the simplest of all acquainted with it, and no one — not even ihings. It had never occurred to him that Mariuccia - found it possible to say a she would form a link by which all his word after this small trumpet had sounded. former burdens might be drawn back; or Mr. Waring accordingly was silenced, and that she, more wonderful still, should ever made no further remark. He went with arise, and demand to know why. But his daughters to the door, and kissed the both of these impossible things had hapcheek which Constance held lightly to pened. him. "I shall see you again, papa," Waring walked about the salone. He Frances said, in that same little deter- opened the glass door and stepped out into mined voice.

the loggia into the tranquil shining of the Mr. Waring did not make any reply, moon, which lit up all the blues of the but shrank a little aside, to let her pass. sea, and kindled little silver lamps all over He looked like a man who was afraid. the quivering palms. How quiet it was! She had spared him; she had not betrayed and yet that tranquil nature lying un. the ignorance in which he had brought moved, taking whatever came of good or her up; but now the moment of reckon. evil, did harm in a far more colossal way ing was near, and he was afraid of Fran. than any man could do. The sea, thea

He went back into the salone, and looking so mild, would suddenly rise up walked up and down with a restlessness and bring havoc and destruction worse which was natural enough, considering than an army; yet next day smile again, how all the embers of his life had been and throw its spray into the faces of the raked up by this unexpected event. He children, and lie like a beautitul thing uohad lived in absoluie quiet for fourteen der the light. But a man could not do long years a strange life: a life which this. A man had to give an account of might' have been supposed to be impossi. all that he had done, whether it was good ble for a man still in the heyday of his or whether it was evil - if not to God, strength; but yet, as it appeared, a life which on the whole was the easiest, for which suited him, which he preferred to God knew all about it, how little harm had others more natural. To seitle down in been intended, how little anything had an Italian village with a little girl of four been intended, how one mistake involved . another - if not to God, why, to some day employment his energy was not satis. one harder to face perhaps to one's little fied: there still remained his evenings girl.



and his voice, and for both he began to He came back from the loggia and the look about him for occupation. In those moonlight and nature, which, all of them, days, when the ladies and gentlemen of were so indifferent to what was happening the operatic chorus were rather more disto him, with a feeling that the imperfect tinguished than in these of its decadence human lamp which so easily got out of — when they were then only called upon gear — as easily as a man – was a more to sing for three nights in the week, and appropriate light for his disturbed soul; received for it a guinea a night – it was and met Frances with her brown eyes not unusual to find among them young waiting for him at the door.

men and women of very considerable taste and some position, in lieu of the Hatton Garden tribe who now wave their dingy hands in clothes too large for them.

In the old opera house in the Haymarket From The Cornhill Magazine.

the future expert' sang regularly with his EXPERTS IN HANDWRITING.

friend from Kensington, who had been “ By my life,” cries Malvolio, as he the means of introducing hiin to the picks up the letter dropped by the artful chorus-master, Mr. Lejeune; and there, Maria, ihe noble gull.catcher, this is my among many other acquaintanceships, he lady's hand; these be her very C's, her formed a lasting one with a Bavarian U's and her T's; and thus makes she her named Hullmandel, from whose offices in great P's. It is, in coniempt of question, Rathbone Place were issuing the first her hand.” Nor does the pragmatical specimens of an art till then unknown in steward rely only upon the formation of England. the capital letters for identification ; for Lithography, the discovery of Senein “ To the unknown beloved, this, and felder at Munich in about the year 1796, my good wishes," he recognizes her very is so closely connected with the study and phrases, and, in the impressure of her identity of handwritings — it is, indeed, Lucrece, the seal she was wont to use. almost imperative that the expert should In these observations lie almost the entire have been first trained as a lithographer .practice and cunning of a good expert. or a facsimilist that a brief notice of it

The career of the earliest recognized is necessary. Alois Senefelder was authority on the similarity of handwrit. poor musician, driven to many straits to ings, to whom the title expert was first find material on which to engrave his applied, exemplifies so completely the compositions, new plates of copper for training that all who aspire to eminence each being altogether beyond his means. in the profession should undergo, that He tried etching on stone, but could not much instruction will be gathered from get clear impressions from it, aod until the recital, to say nothing of its interest. chance proved that the stone could be This was the son of a Hampshire farmer, first written on and then printed from, he who, the country life lying somewhat was in the habit of grinding and polishing 'heavy on him, about the time of the battle afresh the old copperplates after each ai. of Waterloo ran away to London to seek tempt at engraving. But one morning, his better fortune. He had a fine gift of when busy at work, his mother asked him penmanship and a good tenor voice, and to make out the washing.bill, and in the he expected to turn them both to more hurry, taking a piece of his smoothed lucrative account in the great city than in Kelheim stone, he wrote out the bill with the simple village of Whitchurch. It is the ink he had prepared for his experi. pleasant to know that from the first his ments. For some time the stone was laid boid stroke for freedom succeeded, for at aside and forgotten, and when he saw it a coffee house which he frequented to again the ink was so firmly set that the study the advertisements in the daily pa. possibility occurred to him of an acid eatpers, be fortunately at once made the ac. ing away the stone where not protected quaintance of a music.master, employed by the ink, and leaving the writing in at a fashionable Kensington school; by relief. Not until two years later did he whose friendly offices he was himself en- advance by repeated experiments to the gaged there to teach writing and the use process now known as lithography, which of the globes, and from among whose depends, not like the first method, upon pretty scholars came the lady who was leaving the portion to be printed from in afterwards his wife. But with merely a relief whilst the rest of the stone is eaten


away, but upon the capacity of the stone | their address, and desire, not withstanding, for receiving a drawing made with a a continuance of your esteemed patronage. greasy substance, and the affinity of the The facsimile is made by simply tracing drawing so made for absorbing a printing. the original writing through a thin sheet ink of a like composition in proportion to of prepared paper, and then printing off the quantity of grease in the several parts from the stone on which the prepared of the drawing. The capability of this paper has been previously placed. A process was soon made apparent; and facsimilist in full employment, as all the Senefelder received advice and assistance tribe were on the introduction of lithog. from the first artists and scientific men in raphy, could easily do a dozen or more Munich, who fully appreciated its useful. of these circulars in a day; and it could ness. The exclusive privilege of employ- not fail that the eye, closely trained to ing the process in Bavaria was in 1799 follow every turn of the pen, and note granted io che inventor, who established every slight mannerism of letter forma. in Munich a lithoyraphic establishment, tion, laid up a store of observation that which met with much success. In 1817 would escape the ordinary reader. The his book was published, in which he tells joining of letters; the break of the pen the story of his partly accidental dis- when in the middle of the word it habitcovery, and the next year he entered into ually leaves the paper and goes back to partnership arrangements for working the cross or to dot; the general slope of the process in other countries, one of which whole hand; the formation of the capital was that presided over by Hullmandel in letters; the invariable shape of a g, an a, Rathbone Place.

or an r; the flourishes and the running of There, the writing.master and chorus- words together,- all these and many other singer soon grew intimate with the lithog. characteristics, in which all handwriting rapher. The offices were the meetiny, abounds, and which are as much a part of place of many of the operatic lights of the the writer as his nose or his eyes, were day, and there, as a child, might have been necessarily keenly noted by a man whose almost daily seen, running in and out business it was to make the closest possi. among the presses, Garcia's little daugh. ble copy of the original. ter Maria, known subsequently as ihe In the foundation of a new calling, the great artist Malibran, and soon about to first steps, in all human undertakings difmake her first appearance as the “ Maid ficult, become doubly so. The human of Artois.” Work was almost over plen. mind is slow in the reception of new ideas, tiful, for the more expensive process of and though it inay be brought to compre. engraving on copper was being overshad. hend thai cuilibet in suå arte perito est owed by the cheaper one of lithography, credendum, it must be with limitations, and it was not long before the authority in an art which has been long recognized on the use of the globes was offered em and of which there are other practitionployment by Hullmandel, which, as it ers. A man, by long familiarity with the seemed to have something more of a handwriting of another, might be worth future in it than the ladies' school at Kens. bearing on the authenticity of a paper ington, was at once accepted. He was dispuied to be from the same pen; but it forced to give up his scholastic labors and was not clear how a person could set him. devote himself entirely to his new work; self up as an authority upon the validity and though he still continued to sing at of documents which had probably not long the opera, it was at the expense of keep. been put into his hand. ing late hours; for often, we are told, he “How long did that take you?” scorn. would work far into the night, after re fully asked the prior of a Spanish sculptor turning from the Haymarket, poring over who had just finished carving a head the transfer paper while his good wife in one of the cathedral stalls.

My liferead to him " Waverley” and the novels | time !” replied the sculptor. And so the of Miss Jane Porter.

public, like the prior, are wont to mistake It was while thus employed that his at. ihe results of a rapid effort of judgment, tention was first drawn to the individual which, notwithstanding the apparent danpeculiarities of handwriting, and that the gerous facility with which it works, has idea first occurred to him of turning this taken five-and thirty years of continuous rapidly ind easing knowledge and insight labor to mature. Ai first, then, public to account. Much of the work of a lithog. recognition of the expert was slow. He rapher lies in making facsimiles of let. had some small private practice, some ters and circulars for business men – íor few consulting recipients of scurrilous let. tradesmen, for iostance, who are changing ters, some country clients anonymously

attacked, some farmers the victims of increase, and the difficulty was to keep forged receipts, some domestic cases of it in bounds without losing sight of the old gentlemen with housekeepers and sus. lithography. Nor was that an easy matter, picious codicils; but until the well-known for the great days of railway speculation case of " Jemmy Wood of Gloucester," in had begun - the stupendous year of 1844 the year 1836, he was not brought before — when Jeames of Buckley Square was the courts in the public manner that later realizing a fortune over the Great Diddle. made his name so familiar. Mr. James sex; when the lights in the engineer's Wood, draper and banker of Gloucester, offices in Great George Street burnt all died worth a million of money, and as he night, and committees of the House sat was known to have the singular humor of continuously; and when the lithographer secreting codicils where people as a rule and expert, overwhelmed with facsimiles only look for cobwebs, codicils accord. of circulars and reports, never took off ingly turned up after his death with a reg. his clothes for ten days. ularity and of a contradictory force truly It was then that his son, who now wor. astonishing, at least to any one not suffi. thily fills his place and his practice, began ciently gifted to trace the source from to do some of the work that otherwise which they in all probability emanated. must have been neglected (after first serve On the auihenticity of many of these cod. ing an apprenticeship as lithographer and icils the expert was called to pronounce, facsimilisi) and for the first time appeared and, if we may trust the judgment of the as an authority, in place of his father, on master of the rolls, delivered in 1840, the a question of forgery of Russian rouble opinion given helped materially to eluci. notes, - a case to be distinguished from date many of the intricacies and myste other commoner ones of its kind for alries of the case. A year or two after. most the last employment of the wellwards, when a certain Mrs. Ryves, as known Daniel and John Forrester, the executrix of Olivia, Princess of Cumber. thief-takers and successors of the old Bow land, proceeded in the Court of Chancery Street runners, and the début of the then against the Duke of Wellington, one of Mr. Huddleston, now more familiar as the the executors of his late Majesty George last of the Barons — of the Exchequer. IV., he had an opportunity of examining The forgers were satisfactorily convicted, and deciding upon the validity of most of and somewhat curiously, for the evidence the papers produced in that extraordinary was almost entirely circumstantial, and affair — among them, letters and the ai- beyond a stone found in their rooms, from testing signatures of most of the ministers which the drawing of the note was apin power at the time. It was an action parently entirely obliterated, there was no brought to recover the sum of 15,000l. proof that the accused were anything more claimed under the will — or, rather, a will than utterers, and possibly innocent ones.

of George III., dated from St. James's, But by a judicious coaxing with turpenJune 2, 1774; whereby that gracious mon- tine, the apparently obliterated drawing arch was charged with having made proo was persuaded to reappear, and there revision for his niece to the above amount appeared with it an imperfection in the “as a recompense for the misfortunes she workmanship which was also on the face may have known through her father." of the false notes on which the charge was The hapless Olivia, who had never re- based. This question of reappearance, ceived a farthing of the bequest, was the either by art or by the mere effect of time, daughter of the king's brother, the Duke is one of the most interesting connected of Cumberland, the offspring of an un. with the business of the expert, and will doubted marriage solemnized at Kew, the be again referred to. Perhaps the most record of which, with another equally pathetic instance of its employment was mysterious, was, we are told, subsequently when Sir Leopold McClintock returned in subtracted from the register; and the mis. the “ Fox" from the expedition after fortunes referred to seem to have contin. Franklin, bringing with him, among other ued even after death, in the person of her relics, a discolored and illegible scrap of executrix, for the action, through a legal paper found among the remains of the illquibble held untenable, was dismissed on fated voyagers of the “Erebus "and the demurrer, and the interesting documents " Terror; " from which, after long and produced, or about to be, were by order careful treatment with nutgall, there ap. of the court impounded. Once in a meas- peared the record of one, long despaired ure publicly recognized, once his name of by his friends, and who, in default of connected with that of a firm of well-known a better explanation for his disappear. solicitors, the expert's business began to ance, had been supposed to have sailed

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