carefully guarding him against cold. The could hardly imagine that nature, unless result of his treatment was that in twelve aided by these herbs, could work so rapid hours all the dangerous symptoms had a change. At the same time, it may be disappeared, the child had complete ease, added that had government taken the aod there was no relapse from rapid con home precaution of vaccination, the treatvalescence. The free rush of spots that ment would probably oever have been came out soon faded and disappeared. I needed.

A SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT's First Ride on his feet. I was told I should become ac, ON A Camel. — The Daily Telegraph Dongola customed to camel-riding, and might even get correspondent writes: A few days ago I had to like it. But my faith is not great enough my first ride on a camel, and 'I thought it for that. would have been my last. It was to go to our camp that I got cross-legged upon an Arab saddle, insecurely fastened by strings upon the back of a great, lumbering, humpbacked brute. WILD Plant Fabrics. — A most interest. I no sooner attempted to take my place on the ing example of utilization of waste products is saddle than the camel

, which was lying prone, to be seen in a shop window in New York in into which position he had been forced, began the shape of a number of hanks of thread of grunting like an old village pump violently different textures and colors, some being as worked. At the same time he turned his pre. soft as the finest silk, others as rough as hemp. hensile lips aside, grinned like a, and These banks are the result of an attempt, showed a grinning row of teeth, which he which seems likely to be successful, to utiize sought to close upon me. I got aboard with the various wild grasses and stalks for textile out accident, and had not long to wait for a purposes. The cotton stalk, which in the rise. The first movement, as he lifted his fore South has been hitherto burnt as useless trash, legs, nearly sent me over backwards ; the next, is here made into a coarse thread fully equal as he straightened his hind legs, still more to Indian jute, an article of commerce which nearly tipped me over his head. I had been is imported into the United States to the warned to hold tight, but it was only the clutch amount of $6,000,000 per annum. Flax straw, of desperation that saved me. After several which is also a very common waste product in lunges and plunges, the brute got fairly on his many of the States, is converted into a fibre legs. The reins consisted of a rope round his which makes excellent linens, and serves also neck for steering, and a string fastened to a substitute for cotton when mixed with ring thrust in his nostrils, to pull up his head wool. These, however, are only a few in. and stop him when going too fast. My camel stances of many materials which have been began to move forward, and thereupon 'I oscil. experimented upon with more or less valuable lated and see-sawed as if seized with sea-sick- results. Among them are the bear grass, ness or cramp in the stomach. Involuntary as Spanish bayonet, okra, nettle, ramie, pita, the movement was, an hour of it would, I'am baurbor, wild coffee, and the cotton plani, ali sure, have made as abject a victim of me as of which grow wild ; and from them are pro. the worst sufferer on a Channel passage. A duced various fibres which dye beautifully, heartless friend was in front of me on another and can be made into bagging, rope, packing. camel, which he set trotting. Instantly I be thread, and paper of the finest quality, fabrics came as helpless as a child, for my camel dis. for dress, and materials for upholstering pur: regarded the strain on his nostrils and my poses. It has been found, too, that ramie and fervent ejaculations. My profane Arabic vo- Sis hemp fibre can be mixed with silk to cabulary was too limited to have the slightest great advantage, while the common American effect. I swaved to and fro, was bumped up grasses are turned into fibre strong and good and down, until I was almost shaken to pieces. enough for false hair and wigs. The cocoanut It would have been a positive relief could I shell yields a fibre quite equal to curled hair have found myself at rest on the ground, but for upholstering uses. Another conversion the motion was so incessant I had not time to into fibre which seems likely to be of practical make up my mind what course to adopt. It value is that of the mineral asbestos, which is ended as even experiences of the worst kind as fine as silk, and can be made up into firemust do, and I found myself still on the cam. proof curtains and hangings for walls and the. el's back. Not so my humorous friend, who, atres, fireproof ropes, carpets, and, in fact, to my great comfort, performed a double som every kind of house decoration. essault, and did not succeed in landing quite

Public Opinion


[merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]


[ocr errors]


259 273




[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]



Chambers' Journal, III. FROM SIBERIA TO SWITZERLAND. The Story of an Escape,

Contemporary Review, . IV. THE PORTRAIT. A story of the Seen and the Unseen,

Blackwood's Magazine, V. THE COLONIAL MOVEMENT IN GERMANY, Contemporary Review, . VI. COCA AND COCAINE,


Sunday at Home,



[ocr errors]





292 310 317


[merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]


[merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. For Eight DOLLARS, remitted directly to the Publishers, the LIVING Age will be punctually forwarded for a year, free of postage.

Remittances should be made by bank draft or check, or by post-office money-order, if possible. If neither of these can be procured, the money should be sent in a registered letter. All postmasters are obliged to register, Jetters when requested to do so. Drafts, checks and money-orders sbould be made payable to the order of LITTELL & Co.

Single Numbers of THE LIVING AGE, 18 cents.

A TRANSLATION FROM THE ROMAIC. In the glorious cause of Freedom I at least (An episode in the Greek War of Independence. From

have raised my hand." the modern Greek in the original metre of Alexo Weltering in thy blood, Demetrius, thy familiar ander Soutsos.)

form I scanned. CRADLED in the arms of slumber Athens lay at dead of night;

Dragatzán! in ancient ages scant renown was I alone my vigils keeping, watched the lamp's on thee shed, unsteady light

Now about thy meadows hover shadows of the Burning in my silent chamber with a dim and

mighty dead; fitful flame,

Boast henceforth: “I was a witness of the Till my senses slowly left me, and at last thrice illustrious fray ; oblivion came.

In my vales the new Three Hundred, Spartans But in dreams the Sacred Legion I beheld be- of a later day, fore me stand;

Shed the last drop of their life-blood to reSaw my brother, my Demetrius, chief of that deem the fatherland, heroic band.

And I saw the young Demetrius, chief of that

heroic band !” Pale as death he seemed, my brother, while in


CHARLES L. GRAVES. stern, unfaltering mood Round him his undaunted Legion, closely

gathered round him stood ; Chosen youths of Greece, in beauty as in

bravery the first, Worthy sons of those who erst

ANNUS MIRABILIS. At Thermopylæ contended 'neath Leonidas' command :

DISTRUST, suspicion, mutual hate and fear,

Wild cries of stormy petrels on the wave, Thus I saw him, my Demetrius, chief of that heroic band.

Skies clouded o'er, that e'en the wise and

brave As I gazed, methought upon me he upturned Shrank, as in dread of great upheavings near :) his dimming eye,

So was it with us, when there met the ear Recognized me and embraced me, saying,

The words that came of old from prophet's “Brother, I must die!”

lips, Then he bared his gleaming falchion and

As mid the lurid light of dim eclipse, alone, but undismayed,

Wail, wail the past ; a brighter dawn is Ran to charge the mounted myriads, trusting

near. to his single blade.

So is it with us : see, in council met, And the Legion charged behind him, by

Statesmen grown grey in internecine strife; avenging fury fanned :

And the work speeds apace, with none to let, Thus I saw him, my Demetrius, chief of that

And the strong nation breathes a nobler life: heroic band.

This is thy work, let those revile who list,

Our king of men, our great protagonist. All the ridges of the hills were covered by the

E. H. P. Othman hordes,

Torquay, November 26th.

Spectator. All the valley swayed and quivered, bristling with unnumbered swords;

* αιλινον, αιλνον είπε, χδ δ' εο νικάτω. I could see them, see their myriads, filling

Æsch., Agam. every copse and hollow, And I heard a clarion voice that shouted,

“ Gallant comrades, follow, Follow me, and charge the foemen ; fear not steel nor blazing brand !”

SLEEP. 'Twas my brother, my Demetrius, chief of that heroic band.

The mist crawls over the river,

Hiding the shore on either side, And I saw him rush upon them, dealing death and under the veiling mist forever, at every blow;

Neither hear we nor feel we the tide. Saw him smite and saw him smitten, falling, rising, falling low.

But our skiff has the will of the river, Then methought I ran to aid him, heard him Though nothing is seen to be passed; say with faltering voice,

Though the mist may hide it forever, forever, “I am dying, dying early, yet I grieve not, The current is drawing us fast. nay, rejoice ;

The matins sweet from the far-off town * The poet's brother, Demetrius Soutsos, was one of

Fill the air with their beautiful dream, the four captains of the Sacred Legion who formed the vanguard of the army of Alexander Hypsilantis, and The vespers were hushing the twilight down were annihilated in a forloru hope at Dragatzán, at the When we lost our oars on the stream. outset of the insurrection.

J. J. Piatt.




From The Nineteenth Century. yet the journal was not called by its pres.

ent name till the appearance of its nine Founded on the ist of January, 1785, hundred and fortieth number, on the ist the Times has reached the hundredth of January, 1788. It was then no unusual year of its existence. To survive to so thing for an established newspaper to as. great an age is as rare amongst newspa

new face.

For instance, the pers as it is amongst human beings; stilt Public Advertiser, to which “Junius" rarer is it, in both cases, for the hundredth contributed, was first known as the Lon. anniversary to be attained without any don Daily Post and General Advertiser, trace or token of ecrepitude and decay. next as the General Advertiser, and lastly There is but one London morning journal by the title which is now familiar. The which, having lived for upwards of a cen. Morning Post has dropped half of its tury, continues brimful of life and vigor, original designation. For the first three which is even more lusty and energetic years of its existence, the Times was now than in earlier days, and bids fair to styled the Daily Universal Register. On see succeeding centuries pass over its the 24th of December, 1787, the fol. head. This is the Morning Post, which lowing intimation was made to its readwas founded in 1772 with the title of the ers: "Various reasons having occurred Morning Post and General Advertiser. since the first publication of the Univer. Other London morning journals, enjoying sal Register which render it essentially a boundless circulation and an unprece necessary to change the present title, we dented popularity, are comparatively respectfully inform our readers that on young. The oldest amongst them is the the ist of January next it will appear with Morning Advertiser, which is aged nine. an entire new set of features under the ty; the youngest is the Standard, which title of the Times.” Thus, for the first title, is only twenty-eight. The Daily News which was The Daily Universal Register, has lived and exercised world-wide influ- printed logographically, by his Majesty's ence for thirty-nine years; the Daily Tele patent,” there was substituted the fol. graph and the Daily Chronicle for thirty. lowing: “The Times, or Daily Universal

Newspapers, like human beings, “ have Register, printed logographically." The their day and cease to be," and in the last numbers of the journal under its old cases of both, their disappearance seems title do not materially differ from the earoften untimely and iocomprehensible. lier ones under its new one, nor at the Not many years ago the Morning Herald outset was there a marked superiority of and the Morning Chronicle were, to all the new jouroal over its contemporaries. appearance, as popular and powerful as A jouroal in those days contained a several of the contemporaries which have little news, more or less authentic, several survived them; their conductors were eo- paragraphs of gossip, many bad verses, terprising and untiring in collecting news; and a few advertisements. Leading artithe ablest pens of the day contributed to cles were unknown. Letters to the editor their columns; both journals appeared to filled their place. When those letters be indispensable to a large section of the were written by such a person as “ Junreading public, and both enjoyed the favorius" they were quite as serviceable and of many advertisers when they rapidly de noteworthy as the leading articles which cayed and passed away. For many years now contribute to form public opinion. the Morning Star twinkled brightly in the But “ Junius ” owed much of his celebrity journalistic firmament, yet its light was to the fact that he was an exception. Very suddenly quenched. Others, such as the few contemporary writers were endowed Representative and the Mirror, the Con- with his literary gifts. Now and then a stitutional, the Day, and the Hour, ex. really brilliant letter appeared; but the pired after a very short struggle for ex. majority resembled the twaddle which istence.

may now be met with in country newspa. Though the first number of the Times pers of very limited circulation. The was published on the ist of January, 1785, I theme of most letters was the downfall of


the pation; sometimes leading articles as | live to one hundred years now as in by• well as letters are now writted to prove gone days. that the nation is hastening rapidly to Mr. John Walter, the founder of the destruction, but the letter-writers of for. Times, was born in 1738. His father was mer days seemed to think of nothing else. a coal-buyer - that is, he bought coal at They may have suited the taste of their Newcastle on a large scale, brought it to contemporaries, for others besides Mrs. London by sea, and disposed of it there. Dangle in “ The Critic” must have He died in 1755, leaving his son at the thought it very entertaining to read “let- age of seventeen to make his way in the ters every day with Roman sigoatures, world. This son, in the course of ten demoostrating the certainty of an inva. years, became the chairman of the wealthy sion, and proving that the nation is ut- and influential body of coal-buyers who terly undone."

had built for themselves a Coal Exchange The letter-writers in the Universal Reg. under his supervision. He married in ister were not brilliant; one of them, sigo- 1771. Five years afterwards he become ing "Marcus Marcellus," was ready with a member of Lloyd's, and carried on the “infallible remedies for the cure of all our avocation of underwriting. He rapidly grievances;” but even he did not meet accumulated money, and was on the highwith special police or appreciation. An- road to fortune, when a fleet of merchant. other, sigoing “Rusticus,” intimates that men on which he had taken a large risk he sends his letter because it had been was captured by a French squadron. His rejected by the Morning Chronicle, which loss amounted to 80,000l. He wrote and would now be considered a reason for not published a pamphlet setting forth his inserting it. However, the editor not only misfortunes. As they were pot due to inserted it, but he expressed his readiness any fault of his own, he expected to reto have the thoughts of the writer again; ceive either compensation in money or a adding, “But as long essays are seldom place under government. Had not Lord read, we recommend his thoughts to be North resigoed in 1782, his application conveyed in paragraphs.” Now and then for a place would probably have been a paragraph is met with which might be granted. inserted in the Times of to-day, such as lo that year Mr. Walter made the ac. " Masonry gains great ground in this quaintance of Henry Johnson, a composi. country; nor can it be wondered at when tor, who had made what he coosidered to the Prince of Wales gives it his patrooage be great improvements in the art of printand countenance.” The premature death ing. Mr. Walter was impressed with of a rising physician caused general regret these improvements; he contributed to not long since; about a ceotury ago the complete them, and became, in concert death of Dr. Walsh was chronicled in the with Johnson, a patentee of printing by Universal Register, this physiciao dying means of " logotypes." In 1784 he took at the age of lwenty-six from blood poison- the premises then vacant in Printing ing occasioned by the exercise of his pro- House Square, where, in 1666, John Bill fession. The record of deaths in that had fouoded and printed the London journal would now be perused with rational Gazette. The monastery of the Black scepticism. ln a single number the deaths Friars formerly occupied that site: the of three persons are announced whose office of the Times now stands there. ages are said to be one hundred and two, Mr. Walter labored bard and successfully one hundred and four, and one hundred to qualify himself for the business in and ten respectively, the oldest having which, as he wrote, he had embarked as a cleverly succeeded in retaining his senses mere novice; hence“ want of experience unimpaired to the last. When the Times laid him open to many and gross imwas in its infancy the average number of positions.” However, he abounded in centenarians departing this lise was fifty enthusiasm and perseverance. He was annually. The authentic average at pres. confident that "logotype" printing would ent is one, yet as many persons actually I effect a revolution by which both the

« VorigeDoorgaan »