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had closed in so that we could have tried our hopes.". An officer on H. M. T. No. 012 anti-guns on her. Then I saw the Blücher

writes describing patrol duty: a mass of flames and smoke, the other three ships steaming off. Two of them, the You may be surprised to hear that this Derflinger and Sedlitz, were burning badly; if ship, H. M. T. No. 012, is the old City of we could only have gone on for another Edinburgh with fourteen officers and a crew hour we should have knocked out one, if of one hundred and forty, and a couple of not both of them, but we were close over 4.7 guns on her forecastle head and one on to their mine-fields and submarine area. We her stern, and a new wireless outfit, and closed to the Blücher and had a go at her with very business-like in gray paint. It was a my guns. My gun crew was very glad, as big surprise to me when I had my orders to they had seen nothing of the fight up till join H. M. T. No. 012 and found, on inquiry then. We gave it hot and heavy to the B. at the Admiralty office at Glasgow, it was the She was burning forward and aft at times, ship I was just about to leave. It is very almost obscured by smoke, but the Germans monotonous cruising around, waiting for stuck gamely, firing with one gun till the last. them to come out.

All the woodwork and Our destroyers made a dash at her, but she wooden structures torn down and was nearly done by that time. The Arethusa thrown over the side-because of the fire led them; it was a fine sight when they risk-and they were going to put the piano closed in, they looked like so many race over. However, some of us appealed very horses running for the winning-post. She earnestly to the commander to let us keep struck, and our destroyers closed to rescue it; and after much official consideration, we the survivors. She then turned over and were allowed to do so. Everybody-capsank. The Germans say she was like a fur tain included—is very glad that it was kept; nace. They tried to cool her by opening up without it, we would have been absolutely all the sea-cocks. Altogether they lost helpless in the way of amusement. We have nearly 800 men. We feel we gave them a Ward Room paper, a weekly to which we something to think about. We lost nothing. all supply a little. Really you never saw One of their light cruisers was sunk. The such a thing in your life. It is full of the B.'s said they did not think the Sedlitz would most personal remarks; but it is amusing, reach harbor, she was so badly shot up, but and everybody takes it in the spirit for which I expect she did as the weather was fine. it is intended. It is not permitted to be However, they are both out of action for sent out of the Ward Room (official dignity). some time. We got off lightly considering Our and has a rather large mouth, which the Lion and ourselves were really the only some polite bounder attributed to the fact two ships engaged. If we had only had an that when he was a kid, he fell down the other hour, or even a half, we should have cellar stairs and his mouth caught on a nail! had one more. I wish their High Sea Fleet The commander put the following in it: would come and give us a chance. Our big “RESTAURANT-KEEPER:ʻYou're from Gerfleet are waiting anxiously for it-they many?' have a monotonous time of it—they envy "CUSTOMER: 'I'm Hungary.' us greatly for many things. We all live

“RESTAURANT-KEEPER: 'I can't Servia." in hope of the great show coming.

Rotten! Isn't it? When naval officers

are reduced to such positions that they have There are long periods of suspense

to amuse themselves with humor like the after action, for ships on patrol duty,

above-well—they are in very bad straits. when only neutral shipping breaks the

We had a prehistoric-old-age-pension Gerhorizon. But never for an instant can

for lunch the other day, but on man-sausage

the menu it was “Belgium Sausage.” The the patrol relax its searching observa

minute the commander saw it he said: tions, for just beyond the sky-line lies an “What! More German spies?” And when alert enemy. There are foggy gales to be

he
put

his fork in it, the darn thing turned lived through in the North Sea, with a round and bit him. (Fact.) At the present restless, spumy sea; days of sweeping time, even we have daily bridge parties, rag rain, black nights-stress for the ship; tamed to action in the middle of these and

Twice we have been toil and worry for the crew.

then there safety in a glassy sea under a mid

gone

back to complete them. day sun, for periscopes defy the sharpest Really, it is great sport. Let 'em come

Zep came which a light cruiser went after. eyes of ships' lookouts. Week after week let 'em all come. The sooner the better. is spent dodging all the perils of these

Oh, I forgot to say it was my right arm that days at sea, making no captures, but, as was shot in the last engagement-right on the crew puts it, “Always living in the wrist-bone. If it had been on the funny.

Nor is

Once a

bone I should absolutely have failed to see tial Admiralty mail, and answered the the humorous side of it. Personally I never U-boat commander's order for the capfelt better, and am in the best of spirits. tain to come aboard by ingeniously reCome what may-would not care a continental, for myself, suppose the ship was sunk

plying that the captain was lost in the to-morrow. It's for England. Well, dear

wild scramble from the ship, and thus

saved himself the fate of a German old chap, the general signal has been sent around, "Coaling finished.” We are off to prison-camp. When U-boats operated take up our station again at

on the surface, sometimes disguised as Say, the funniest things I've seen are the postcards they are selling ashore-pictures of the German feet with bushes and trees growing all over them.

Do you suppose they have carried intensive farming that far? By Jove, I hope not!

The merchant marine has been ravaged by unseen warfare. The total loss of ten million tons since the beginning of the war has made the 1914 volume of Lloyd's Register of Shipping about as useless a reference in marine affairs as a list of the distinguished dead in Arlington would be to the War Department in carrying out the provisions of the draft. Ships may be overcome, but the spirit of the men who sail them is as mighty and unconquerable as the sea which breeds them. British captains are landed as prisoners in German ports by enemy submarines; life - boats shelled and drowning men left to their fate; hospital ships, such as the Asturias and Lanfranc, with their

JUNIOR MERCANTILE OFFICERS ARE HOLY TERcargo of wounded, are torpedoed; but none of these acts of an

enemy who strikes on the sly, deeply, desperately, fishing boats, the captain of the Angloand runs away, drives them from the Californian and wheelsman were killed sea. Ruthlessness fails to inflict the by a shell; the mate took the damaged terror intended on the breed, even when wheel and, lying flat on the bridge, kept carried out as in the case of the Belgian the vessel on her course till she escaped. Prince. When disaster comes they take On board a steamer anchored in New to the life-boats and make the best of it. York Bay I talked with an apprentice, One quick-witted captain, soon after the submarined on his last voyage across.

. German U-boats developed the habit of It happened on a wild night and came taking prisoners, made himself less con near costing the crew their

lives. I wonspicuous by sinking his braided coat and dered how this eighteen-year-old youngcap with the ship's papers and confiden ster ook it.

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“A bit bad,” he said. “The worst few men in it. She gave one h'ist and then thing was we lost our mascot, Teddy, a went down like an anchor. I am joining big Himalayan bear; we'd had him another ship sometime this week. I have no aboard for eight years.

idea of her name or where she is bound. To another, a captain, I said: “I understand how high wages, a bonus,

We were hit at four o'clock on a bitterly and a prepaid second-class passage

cold morning (writes a submarined officer).

Of course we all jumped out of our bunks. home will take some men to sea. But

By the time I reached deck the ship was how about the others? There must be sinking at the part where she was broken in some timid ones.'

two, while her stem and stern were going up "Did you ever notice," he replied, higher all the time. The slope of the deck “after a volcano has destroyed a South became steeper and I rolled off into the water Sea village the natives go right back and

between the two halves and was drawn down rebuild it? Well, it must be the same

in the whirlpool. When I came up the

stem and stern were almost at right angles way with sailors and the submarines."

to the sea. I swam toward a life-boat and Here is a letter the writer of which

reached it and was taken into it. apparently takes the same view:

A cheerful soul about to leave Alex

andria for England writes: ASHORE, August 21, 1917. I have just received your letter written So those squareheads are out torpedoing on the 24th of February. It has chased me anything that comes along! Well, I've been all over the French ports and has been ship- forming plans. You see, we have an awful wrecked and in the water some time. It has pile of empty beer-kegs on deck. a French post-office notice on it, "accident they came aboard empty, anyway if they in transit,” and is as difficult to decipher were full they would be empty before we as the Babylonian tablet of the flood. I get to home waters. I have formed an affecfeel wet myself, for I just arrived home, but tion for one nice smelly cask; if they play unfortunately without the Kioto; the Ger any dirty tricks on us I am going to paddle man Subs seem to be after me, for it is the ashore on my own private barrel. Devil of second time in six weeks. ...The torpedo just a joke at home, you know. Right after we clipped our stern and blew it clean away—a sailed, the Zeps came over the North Sea

Oh yes,

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BROUGHT THE SHIP STERN TO, ZIGZAGGED, AND FOUGHT HIM OFF FOR SIX HOURS

and dropped bombs on Yarmouth. Well, not get the captain's statement before rethey were bad shots, for both at the hospital plying to Wilson's note. and church they missed and only dropped near enough to blow the windows out. Well,

We got it in the neck this time (writes you know we live near St. Peter's Church

another). We just missed the U-53 off Nanand the bombs they tried to drop on that tucket; we heard by wireless that she inblew all the windows out of our house, not quired from one of her victims where we one left-I'll bet they felt beastly uncom were. I guess she knows now. A destroyer fortable sleeping with all the windows out. picked us up. They're men, those destroyer Eh, what! and February, too!

chaps, all right; one told me a thing or two Naturally, captains obeying Admi

about what happened to these U-boats and

it sounded pretty good, I can tell you. ralty instructions say little of any submarine the sea is well rid of—and dead

A captain engaged on Admiralty sermen tell no tales. This letter concerns vice, discussing the fate of the men of the the fate of a submarine which sank a

Belgian Prince-left to drown when the liner without warning, causing an ex submarine submerged—told me that the change of notes between the American

same week the Belgian Prince outrage and German Governments:

occurred he was in an English naval You remember F. of the sailing-ship Port base, where a German submarine was Stanley (writes a captain to Mr. Wood); towed in, after being caught out at sea he was second mate with me afterwards.

in a net.

On opening it they found not Well, he left us last November and joined only the German crew dead, but also the Navy as sub-Lieutenant. He was placed six English captains, captured when in command of six armed trawlers engaged their vessels were torpedoed. in submarine hunting. Last April he was

"I wonder,” he said, "if there is any promoted to Lieutenant, and I had a letter from him telling me he had just sunk two

new way left an Allied seaman car meet German submarines, one of which was the

his fate.' submarine that sank the Arabic. This ex

Before the trade routes were purged plains why the German Government could of German raiders there were many

war:

Don't get

small encounters that, of course, never disguises, such as collapsible funnels and reached the light of official despatches. masts, and guns hidden under dummy Here is an account of one early in the deck-houses, used by the raiders, and

one has a fairly good idea of the odds BUENOS AIRES, Aug. 6, 1914. confronting captains of merchantmen. There was a terrific hand-to-hand fight

Suspicious of the first blur of smoke on yesterday on the next wharf between the crews of the German Cap Trafalgar and the

the horizon, starting with every flash in French Lutetia. They were armed with bot

the wireless-room, they dogged the trade tles instead of marlin spikes. Needless to routes by day and doused running lights say, there were plenty of heads on each side at night. Many succeeded in escaping that needed patching up. The Cap Trafalgar the raiders, but fate decreed that other was preparing to put to sea, and once there twelve - knot cargo - carriers were no it is surmised she will mount guns, and play match for twenty-five-knot cruisers. havoc with all the shipping leaving the

Here is a letter from an officer whose River Plata. Several English captains have visited the British Consulate office and of ship was captured and sunk. He was fered to ram the ship at her wharf. But prisoner on the raider Kronprinz Wiltheir offers were politely declined, and to-day

helm for a time and then was landed she put to sea.

with other prisoners by a British vessel,

released for the purpose by the raider. Wireless plants up and down the coast

On board R. M. S. P. Alcantra. of South America informed the raiders

alarmed and think I have comoperating there of shipping departures, mand of the above steamer. Oh, no such helping them enormously in capturing luck; instead I am on my way home at unsuspecting steamers. In the ports of government expense. Of course you know the Indian Ocean the exploits of the

the old Indira is no more.

We had a rotten Emden, embellished with German propa

time, for it rather hurts a fellow to see a ship

sunk that he has been in four years, for I'm ganda, were spread in the bazaars of

a sailor born and love my ship. The KronIndia, and as a consequence P. & 0.

prinz W’ilhelm got us. We were the last ship liners, unable to secure lascar crews, sunk in the South Atlantic so far as we can left Bombay undermanned, and passen hear. Our ships are down there now, and the gers washing down decks and handling enemy keep away from the trade routes, and baggage. In the endeavor to secure even hang around in mid-Atlantic, short of coalmore intimate knowledge of British good-by to them soon. We were kept twelve merchantmen, German sailors shipped days aboard the cruiser and although they as German-speaking Norwegians. This

fed us all right, it was just rotten, for we deception succeeding for a time, was un

didn't fancy having a limited space with a covered and rendered impossible by the

nasty lot of square-heads armed with swords

to prevent us straying. Whenever they got simple test of an interpreter of the alarmed (as they did a lot of times) and ran, English Home Office. He required the we were just put below, and of course had supposed impostors to repeat “Thirty- she been cornered we would have gone

down three thousand thieves thrust their with her like rats in a trap. When the thirty-three thousand thumbs into thir Carmania sank the Cap Trafalgar, she was ty-three thousand thistles.” The real only fifty miles off us; and the Kronprinz Germans could not pronounce the th,

ran like hell that time to get out of the way. and once detected were quickly interned,

Imagine how we felt. I hope to join the

get home and have a slap back at where espionage was no longer possible.

the rats; but they made us sign a parole and Despite all this, English ships con

that I am afraid will give trouble as the govtinued their voyages—while German

ernment may not let us break it. We had to shipping vanished from the seven seas. sign under compulsion and I don't see why The German raiders, prowling about the it should not be broken. You know it would trade routes, did little flirting with un not have helped Old England any to have known shipping; captured merchant gone down on board the Indira. Breaking men with prize crews aboard served as

it only means getting shot if taken prisonerlookouts for them, and reported their I'm willing to take the risk. observations by wireless, whereupon the Men rolled up from all the trades on cunning raiders put on full speed and all the coasts and outlandish ports of overhauled the victim. Add the clever the world to do their bit—an amazing

navy when I

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