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Duncan, M. P. for Dundee, and about a dozen other official gentlemen, but no answer of any description was ever made to it.
TESTIMONIAL TO DR. DICK.-In addition to former acknowledgments we have received from "About two or three months ago, a respectable M. S., New York, $5; from Geo. L. Ditson, Esq., gentleman from England paid me a visit, and, in the price of a copy of "Circassia," $1.50; from the course of conversation, allusions happened to be Springfield, 13 Feb.," $5-making $11.50-made to the memorial sent to Lord John Russell.
which we have sent to Mr. Burritt. This makes our collection $30.50, to begin with. We copy from the Philadelphia Ledger the following:
A few months ago the pecuniary embarrassments of Dr. Dick, the Christian philosopher, were referred to in the Ledger, his friend, Elihu Burritt, Esq., having made an appeal in his behalf for assistance to the American public, who have been so largely the gainers by his literary labors. The article which appeared in the Ledger was enclosed to Dr. Dick by a friend in this city, Dr. J. A. Elkinton, which elicited the following reply, confirmatory of the original statement respecting the situation of Doctor D.'s financial affairs, and communicating some interesting information respecting the sale and compensation of his principal works. The letter was not intended for publication, but, as the circumstances of the author have already been publicly alluded to, we see no impropriety in presenting to the readers of the Ledger a correct statement of the facts. The letter is quite an interesting one, and we commend it to the perusal of the readers of the Ledger, who all, no doubt, sympathize strongly with the misfortunes which have fallen upon this eminently good and useful man:
Broughty Ferry, near Dundee, 9th Jan., 1850. "MY DEAR SIR-I was favored a few days ago with your very kind and friendly letter of the 12th December, 1849, and return my grateful acknowledgments for the good opinion you express in regard to my character and writings, and for the friendly and generous intentions with which you are animated. "The extract from 'The Ledger,' which is prefixed to your letter, is partly true, though rather strongly expressed. My income for several years past has been very limited, not much exceeding £40 per annum; and I have been subjected of late years to several pecuniary burdens and bodily afflictions. About seven years ago, my daughter and her husband died, in the prime of life, within thirteen days of each other, leaving an orphan family of five children, two sons and three daughters-the chief part of whose maintenance and education devolved on me. Two of the girls were, about three years ago, admitted into John Watson's Institution, Edinburgh, where they are maintained and educated; but when they attain the age of thirteen or fourteen, they return again to me. Besides, I have an aged infirm sister, without the means of subsistence, who has been maintained by us for seven years past. Last spring I was long confined to bed by a dangerous disorder, which at first seemed to baffle all the efforts of my medical attendants; but, through the goodness of God, I gradually recovered during the summer and autumn months. Within those five or six weeks, however, I was subjected to a painful surgical operation on my breast, from which a large tumor was extracted. At present, however, thanks to God, I am in a pretty moderate state of health and mental vigor.
"About three years ago, on the suggestion of certain respectable gentlemen, I presented a memorial to Lord John Russell for a small pension from the fund allotted to authors, &c., with recommendations from Lord Duncan, Lord Kennaurd, G.
He requested a copy of it, which I afterwards sent to his address. Soon after, a paragraph appeared in the Athenæum, partly founded on the statements given in the memorial, which was soon copied into several other London journals. In this way my circumstances were, in some measure, laid open to the public, otherwise I should scarcely have thought of expressing anything on the subject.
My publications, though profitable enough to the British publishers, have produced to me a comparatively small degree of compensation. For the entire copyright of The Christian Philosopher,' which has passed through more than ten large editions, of 1500 and 2000 copies each, I received only £120. The price, till lately, was kept up to eight shillings per copy; and therefore, I presume, that, by this time, the publisher must have cleared, on this work alone, about £2000. For the copyright of The Philosophy of a Future State,' which has passed through at least five large editions, I received only £80, and a few copies, &c., &c. From America I received two or three sums for transmitting corrected sheets as they came from the press. For the Sidereal Heavens,' I received from New York, from Messrs. Harper, £80, and for the 'Practical Astronomer,' £50; and from my worthy friend, Mr. Biddle, of Philadelphia, £20, for a small work entitled 'The Atmosphere.' This gentleman, likewise, a considerable time ago, sent me $60, when he published my Essay on Covetousness, although he was under no obligation to do so. These are about all the sums I received from America; but these, and the other sums to which I allude, have been spread over a period of about twenty-six years.
letter. I return you many thanks for your kind and "But to come to the main point alluded to in your liberal intentions, and I feel no hesitation in stating that a small addition to my income would be highly acceptable; it would free my mind from worldly and perplexing cares-would procure me some comforts I have not hitherto enjoyed, and make the remainder of my pilgrimage a little more smooth and equable than it has hitherto been. It would enable me to give my grand-children such an education as I would wish, and to provide a little for their future It would cheer the heart of my beloved partner, who is of a delicate constitution, and perhaps rendered more so by assiduous attentions to the young, and watching over the sick bed of the aged and infirm, having had no servant for a considerable
"Wishing you all happiness, comfort through life, hope in the prospect of death, and an abundant entrance, at last, into the everlasting kingdom of our Lord and Saviour, I am, my dear sir, yours THOMAS DICK.' most sincerely.
this answer they agreed with their correspondent Smith. The paper is well in its way, but we like in some respects, and in others disagreed—and the settlement much better. If our people of held to the doctrine that circumstances ought to be African blood had a little more true self-respect taken into consideration. For instance, they only they now herd as menials, and go back into the new
they would abandon the cities and villages, where disapprove of skating when the ice is thin.
country, form settlements there by themselves, and Now our part is an exceedingly humble one. show the world their fitness for freedom by becomWe copy good advice from other papers, but rarely ing true freemen. They might club their means attempt to give any of our own. But as soon as and buy a whole county in Iowa or Michigan, each No. 300 was published, a young gentleman called man owning what he paid for, but under a general to complain that we were too strict about amuse- | agreement to sell only to men of their own race, and ments.
to those at just prices, (not land speculators,) so as As he is rather a wild young man, (that
to have the county settled entirely by colored men is, he wears a moustache,) we suspected he was and freeholders, who must then of course fill its turning us into an amusement, and thought no honors. Such a colony would do more for the more of it. But here has been a very solid, ju- race than any amount of ill-directed philanthropy. dicious, and elderly gentleman, who comes to say — Tribune. how entirely he agrees with our opinions against
Dear Mr. Greely, would it not be better for checkers, dominos, ninepins, and others of kin." them to let their light shine before men, than to We assured him that he did us too much credit,
go away into the wilderness? and that we would hasten to give the honor more
We especially object to the creation of an arisexplicitly to whom it was due. “ Nay, nay.”
tocracy, which is openly avowed as one of the said he, “ let it alone-you need n't be ashamed
This should be
resisted at once.
Barnabas Bates, Esq.-We do not know
our hearty assent and willingness to coöperate. she replied, “ don't tell me that you did not And we desire to express a share of the public write that against skating on thin ice. If you thanks to another zealous laborer in this good copied it from the Christian Advocate, you wrote work, Mr. Joshua Leavitt. it for that paper.”—The case seems hopeless, but indeed we did n't write it.
Among the persons removed from the New York
Custom-house, is Barnabas Bates, Esq., the AmerWILLIAM PENN AND Punch.-There are some
ican “Rowland Hill.” Partly as a compliment to foolish verses in this number from a person in posed to give him a salary which shall enable him
him, but more for the public advantage, it is proLondon, named Punch. We copied them to to devote his whole energies to the promotion of amuse some of the young people. While it is cheap postage under the direction of the Cheap true that the “Society of Friends” looks to George Postage Association. No fitter man could be Fox and Robert Barclay as exponents of its doc- selected. By his volunteer labors in time past, he trines, rather than to William Penn, yet it is im- has shown that his heart is in the work ; and havportant to that society, as to all other lovers of ing had much experience in connection with the mankind, that the Founder of Pennsylvania should talents and address,) he is eminently qualified for
Post-Office establishment, (not to speak of his be vindicated from the charges made against him the undertaking. We hope the suggestion will be by Macaulay. It is said that this has been effect-carried into effect. ually done in a late pamphlet by Mr. Foster, which we have not seen.
“ We did not expect so dignified a publication As for this Punch, living in the vortex of Lon- as Littell's Living Age would take from our coldon, he has not had a good opportunity of seriously umns the biography of Fredrika Bremer, by Mary considering this subject. We should like to Howitt, and publish it without credit.”—Godey's have him alongside of us (if he could keep still | Lady's Book. for an hour and a half) in a Silent meeting, such
We never saw the article in the Lady's Book, as we used to have nearly forty years ago, when but copied it, as we found it. in some newspaper we spent a happy year at school in Haddon- where it was published without credit. And yet field, N. J.
there was something by which we knew that it The “ Florence Telegraph” is a weekly paper
was not original in the newspaper, and supposed printed at Albany, by S. Myers, for and in behalf of
We are very
it came from some English paper. a band of colored people who have united to form sorry, and give the credit now. a settlement in the township of Florence, Oneida Our readers will have observed that we are very Co. we believe on lands given them by Gerritt careful on this point.
و شام =
POETRY-Macaulay and the Quakers; What makes a Hero? 452; The Old Clock; My
SHORT ARTICLES: Divorce in several States, 443; Public Prayers of Ministers for Them-
selves; Dr. Franklin on the Annexation of Cauada; Tunnel under the Pyrenees, 444; Ages
of the States; Sausage Skins; Drinking Friends; American Books in England, 448; De-
votion to Duty, 449; Exhibition of the Deaf and Dumb in Indiana, 458; Letter from a
Whale-Ship, 460; Mrs. Mowatt's "Fashion," 461; Dr. Martin Gay, 462; California 463;
Sleeping in Meeting; Antiquity of Man on the Earth, 464; W. S. Landor, on Assassinating
Kings, 472; Boa-Constrictor; John Duncan, 473; Lady Blessington; Half Century, 474;
Criminal Countenance; Distressed Needlewomen, 475; Miscellany, 476; Dr. Dick;
Amusements; Penn and Punch; Colored Aristocracy; Barnabas Bates and Joshua Lea-
TERMS.-The LIVING AGE 18 published every Satur Agencies. We are aesirous of making arrangements
day, by E. LITTELL & Co., corner of Tremont and Brom-in all parts of North America, for increasing the circula-
field sis., Boston; Price 124 cents a number, or six dollars tion of this work- and for doing this a liberal commission
a year in advance. Remittances for any period will be will be allowed to gentlemen who will interest themselves
thankfully received and promptly attended to. To in the business. And we will gladly correspond on this
isure regularity in mailing the work, orders should be subject with any agent who will send us undoubted refer-
addressed to the office of publication, as above.
Clubs, paying a year in advance, will be supplied as
Four copies for
Complete sets, in twenty volumes, to the end of March,
1949, handsomely bound, and packed in neat boxes, are
for sale at forty dollars.
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bound, or a dollar and & half in numbers.
Any number may he had for 12 cents; and it may
be worth while for subscribers or purchasers to complete
any broken volumes they may have, and thus greatly
enhance their value.
Binding. We bind the work in a uniform, strong, and
good style; and where customers bring their numbers in
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exchange without any delay. The price of the binding
is 50 cents a volume. As they are always bound to one
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Postage. When sent with the cover on, the Living
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at 4 cents. But when sent without the cover, it comes
within the definition of a newspaper given in the law,
and cannot legally be charged with more than newspaper
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A newspaper is "any printed publication, issued in
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published at short, stated intervals of not more than one
month, conveying intelligence of passing events."
Monthly parts. For such as prefer it in that form, the
Living Age is put up in monthly parts, containing four or
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each part double the matter of any of the quarterlies.
But we recommend the weekly numbers, as fresher und
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cents. The volumes are published quarterly, each volume
containing as much matter as a quarterly review gives in
WASHINGTON, 27 DEC., 1845.
Or all the Pelodical Journals devoted to literature and science which abound in Europe and in this country, this
has appeared to me to be the most useful. It contains indeed the exposition only of the current literature of the
English language, but this by its immense extent and comprehension includes a portraiture of the human mind is
the utmost expansion of the present age.
J. Q. ADAMS.
LITTELL'S LIVING AGE.-No. 304.—16 MARCH, 1850.
From the Edinburgh Review. The grand function of woman, it must always
and this we regard not only as her distinctive charThe gallant suggestion of our great peasant acteristic and most endearing charm, but as a high poet, that Nature “ tried her 'prentice hand” on and holy office—the prolific source, not only of the
man, before venturing on the finer task of fashion- best affections and virtues of which our nature is 17. ing woman, has not yet found acceptance other- capable, but also of the wisest thoughtfulness, and
wise than as a sportive caprice of fancy—the sort most useful habits of observation, by which that
of playful resignation of superiority which threw nature can be elevated and adorned. But with all He Samson at the feet of Dalilah, and made Hercules this, we think it impossible to deny that it must put aside his strength
essentially interfere both with that steady and Spinning with Omphale-and all for love !
unbroken application, without which no proud Men in general, when serious and not gallant, eminence in science can be gained—and with the are slow to admit woman even to an equality with discharge of all official or professional functions themselves ; and the prevalent opinion certainly is that do not admit of long or frequent postponethat women are inferior in respect of intellect. ment. All women are intended by nature to be This opinion may be correct. The question is a mothers; and by far the greater number—not less, delicate one. We very much doubt, however, we presume, ihan nine tenths—are called upon to whether sufficient data exist for any safe or con- act in that sacred character ; and, consequently, for fident decision. For the position of women in twenty of the best years of their lives—those very society has never yet been, perhaps never can years in which men either rear the grand fabric or be—such as to give fair play to their capabilities. lay the solid foundations of their fame and fortune It is true, no doubt, that none of them have yet
are mainly occupied by the cares, the attained to the highest eminence in the highest duties, the enjoyments, and the sufferings of madepartments of intellect. They have had no ternity. During large parts of these years, too,
Shakspeare, no Bacon, no Newton, no Milton, no their bodily health is generally so broken and preprt*Raphael, no Mozart, no Watt, no Burke. But carious as to incapacitate them for any strenuous
while this is admitted, it is surely not to be for- exertion ; and, health apart, the greater portion gotten that these are the few who have carried off the of their time, thoughts, interests, and anxieties high prizes to which millions of men were equally ought to be, and generally is, centred in the qualified by their training and education to aspire, care and the training of their children. But how and for which, by their actual pursuits, they may could such occupations consort with the intense and be held to have been contending; while the num- unremitting studies which seared the eyeballs of ber of women who have had either the benefit of Milion, and for a time unsettled even the powersuch training, or the incitement of such pursuits, ful brain of Newton? High art and science has been comparatively insignificant. When the always require the whole man, and never yield bearded competitors were numbered by thousands, their great prizes but to the devotion of a life. and the smooth-chinned by scores, what was the But the life of a woman, from her cradle upwards, chance of the latter? Or with what reason could is otherwise devoted ; and those whose lot it is to their failure be ascribed to their inferiority as a expend their best energies, from the age of twenty class?
to the age of forty, in the cares and duties of Nevertheless, with this consideration distinctly maternity, have but slender chances of carrying borne in mind, we must confess our doubts whether off these 'great prizes. It is the same with the women will ever rival men in some departments of high functions of statesmanship, legislation, genintellectual exertion ; and especially in those which eralship, judgeship, and other elevated stations and demand either a long preparation, or a protracted pursuits, to which some women, we believe, have effort of pure thought. But we do not, by this, recently asserted the equal pretensions of their prejudge the question of superiority. We assume sex. Their still higher and indispensable funcno general organic inferiority—we simply assert tions of maternity afford the answer to all such an organic difference. Women, we are entirely claims. What should we do with a leader of disposed to admit, are substantially equal in the opposition in the seventh month of her pregnancy? aggregate worth of their endowments ; but equal- or a general-in-chief who, at the opening of a ity does not imply identity. They may be equal, campaign, was “ doing as well as could be exbut not exactly alike. Many of their endowments pected ?" or a chief justice with twins ?* are specifically different. Mentally, as well as
* Plato, indeed, argues that a woman should be trained bodily, there seem to be organic diversities ; and to exercises of war, since the female dogs guard sheep as these must make themselves felt whenever the well as the male! But this is one of the many "exqui
site reasons" of the divine philosopher, wbich look very Swo Bexes come into competition.,
I like puerility. Duncan's strange account of the king of 31
If it be said that these considerations only apply man's point of view, instead of from the woman's. to wives and mothers, and ought not to carry along That which irretrievably condemns the whole literwith them any disqualification of virgins or child-ature of Rome to the second rank-viz., imitation less widows, the answer is, that as Nature qual--has also kept down the literature of women. ifies and apparently designs all women to be moth- The Roman only thought of rivalling a Greekers, it is impossible to know who are to escape not of mirroring life in his own nationality; and that destiny till it is too late to begin the training so women have too often thought but of rivalling necessary for artists, scholars, or politicians. On men. It is their boast to be mistaken for menthe other hand, too much stress has, we think, instead of speaking sincerely and energetically as been laid on man's superiority in physical strength women. So true is this, that in the department —as if that, in itself, were sufficient to account where they have least followed men, and spoken for the differences in intellectual power. It should more as women-we mean in fiction—their sucbe remembered that, in the great contentions of cess has been greatest. Not to mention other man with man, it has not been physical strength names, surely no man has surpassed Miss Austen which has generally carried the day; and it as a delineator of common life. Her range, to be should further be remembered, that it is precisely sure, is limited-but her art is perfect. She does in that art which demands least employment of not touch those profounder and more impassioned physical force, viz., music, that the apparent infe- chords which vibrate to the heart's core-never riority of women is most marked and unaccounta-ascends to its grand or heroic movements, nor ble. Indeed, music is by far the most embarrass- descends to its deeper throes and agonies; but in ing topic to which those who maintain the mental all she attempts she is uniformly and completely equality of the sexes can address themselves. successful.
It is curious too, and worthy of a passing remark, that women have achieved success in every department of fiction but that of humor. They deal, no doubt, in sly, humorous touches often enough; but the broad provinces of that great domain are almost uninvaded by them; beyond the outskirts, and open borders, they have never ven
riar, and Miss Edgeworth, with the lusty mirth and riotous humor of Shakspeare, Rabelais, Butler, Swift, Fielding, Smollett, or Dickens and Thackeray. It is like comparing a quiet smile with the "inextinguishable laughter" of the Homeric gods! So also on the stage-there have been comic actresses of incomparable merit,
It is true, that, of all kinds of genius, a genius for music is the least akin to, and the least associated with, any other. But, on the other hand, it is an art that is cultivated by all women who have the least aptitude for it; and in which, as far as mere taste and execution are concerned, many more women than men are actually found to excel. But, as composers, they have never attained any distinctured to pass. Compare Miss Austen, Miss Fertion. They have often been great, indeed, as performers-whether with the impassioned grandeur of a Pasta and a Viardot, or with the perfect vocalization of a Lind and an Alboni-whether pianists, such as Camille Pleyel-violinists, such as Madame Flipowicsz or the little Milanolo— whether as organists, or even as trombone (!) players—yet in musical composition they are abso-lively, pleasant, humorous women, gladdening the lutely without rank. We can understand their not creating the stormy grandeur and tumultuary harmonies, the gloom and the enchanting loveliness of a Beethoven, since to that height women never have attained in any art; but why no one among them should yet have rivalled the moonlight tenderness and plaintive delicacy of a Bellini, is a mystery to us.
It is in literature, however, that women have most distinguished themselves; and probably because hundreds have cultivated literature, for one that has cultivated science or art. Their list of names in this department is a list that would rank high even among literary males. Madame de Stael was certainly as powerful a writer as any man of her age or country; and whatever may be the errors of George Sand's opinions, she is almost without a rival in eloquence, power, and invention. Mrs. Hemans, Miss Edgeworth, Miss Baillie, Miss Austen, Mrs. Norton, Miss Mitford, Miss Landon, are second only to the first-rate men of their day; and would probably have ranked even higher, had they not been too solicitous about male excellence had they not often written from the Amazonian corps, several thousands strong, is the only real experiment of the sort we ever heard of.
scene with their airy brightness and gladsome presence; but they have no comic energy. There has been no female Munden, Liston, Matthews, or Keeley. To be sure, our drama has no female parts, the representation of which after such a fashion would not have been a caricature.
But we must pursue this topic no further; and fear our readers may have been wondering how we have wandered away to it from the theme which seemed to be suggested by the title of the work now before us. The explanation and apology is, that we take Currer Bell to be one of the most remarkable of female writers; and believe it is now scarcely a secret that Currer Bell is the pseudonyme of a woman. An eminent contemporary, indeed, has employed the sharp vivacity of a female pen to prove "upon irresistible evidence" that "Jane Eyre" must be the work of a man! But all that "irresistible evidence" is set aside by the simple fact that Currer Bell is a woman. We never, for our own parts, had a moment's doubt on the subject. That Jane herself was drawn by a woman's delicate hand, and that Rochester equally betrayed the sex of the artist, was to our minds so obvious, as absolutely to shut our ears to all the evidence which could be adduced by the