« VorigeDoorgaan »
has been applauded also year after year, genera- | and entered the ground beneath. It was fortunate tion after generation, century after century, in the that the serpent did not bend backwards, and enseclusion of colleges, and raised the first tumult twine its bold pursuer in its folds—nor less so that in the boyish heart. To maintain the inordinate
Count Bismark, the only one who was armed with pride of a few worthless families, hecatombs of over the trunk of the tree, he faced the enemy,
a gun, came up at this critical moment ; climbing brave men have fallen, and industry has been which, hissing, lifted his head erect in the air, and, turned into brutality. Even in our own country with great coolness, gave it a shot à bout pourtant many millions have been idly squandered in ships through the head, which laid it apparently lifeless unfit for sailing and unnecessary for fighting. This on the ground. My companions described the creawe know from one whose very name bears the ture's strength as wonderful, writhing in immense warrant of truth and intelligence. There were in its efforts to escape the well-aimed strokes of
folds, and flinging its head from one side to another times when the lords of the admiralty would have Count Oriolla ; but a few moments after the shot been fined to the full amount of the damages they which carried away its lower jaw and a part of the have sanctioned. We may soon want the ships head, the serpent seemed to arouse from its stupethat are no more ; for, ere six months are over, faction, and Count Bismark hastened back to the we shall have to support the Turkish empire. If boat to fetch Mr. Theremin's gun. All this was we trust to France for help, we shall receive from the work of a few moments. I had hardly left the her just as much as before. But there are masses beside Count Oriolla, on the trunk of the tree, with
boat more than two or three minutes, when I stood now inert which our machinery may raise, com- the serpent coiled up in an unshapen mass at its bine, and make combustible. Turkey, Hungary, roots. I could scarcely wait to hear what had Poland, Circassia, Persia, will occupy the hundred passed, but seized a heavy pole, from one of the hands of the Muscovite giant, vulnerable in many men who gathered round, to have a thrust at the parts of his body, and liable to sudden death from creature's head. Raising itself up, it now seemed that curial apoplexy which has carried off nearly reach us on the tree. I stood ready, armed with a
to summon its last strength, but it vainly strove to all his predecessors.
cutlass to thrust into its jaws, while the count WALTER SAVAGE LANDOR.
stirred up the serpent, provoking it to fight; the December 14.
creature's strength, however, was exhausted.
Count Bismark now returned, and shattered its ENCOunter with a Boa-CoNsTRICTOR. I was
skull with another shot, and it died in strong conjust loading my fowling-piece, when I observed vulsions. Though I could not share with my valobject on the white mud of the river, which gleamed iant companions the honor of the day, I was fortuin the sun's rays like a coil of silver ; it was a ser- nate enough to arrive in time for the “ Hallali." pent, basking in the sun. We rowed toward the Our prey proved to be a large boa-constrictor, measspot, and Count Oriolla fired at it from a distance uring sixteen feet two inches in length, and one of thirty to forty paces; he missed it with the first foot nine inches in circumference; the sailors called barrel, but wounded it in the tail with the second, it a“Sucurijú.” In skinning and dissecting it, a which was charged with large shot No. 2. This dozen membranaceous bags or eggs were found in seemed to rouse the creature; our boat grounded its body, containing young serpents, some still
The counts almost at the same moment a little higher up than alive, and from one to two feet long: where the serpent lay, but some intervening bushes kindly presented me with the beautiful skin, which prevented our keeping it in sight. We all eagerly was spotted white, yellow, and black, and covered jumped into the river, followed by most of the with small scales. This trophy of their valor crew ; Counts Oriolla and Bismark were overboard now forms the chief ornament of my residence at in a minute, but as the real depth of the water Monbijou.-- Prince Adalbert's Travels. seemed to me very problematical, I leaped quickly on to a withered branch of an enormous prostrate The Liverpool Albion announces the death of Mr. tree, which served as a bridge to the shore. Al- John Duncan, the African traveller, on board her, though I had little hope of coming up with the ser- majesty's ship Kingfisher, in the Bight of Benin, pent, I advanced as fast as I could along the slip on the 3d November. The Albion gives an interpery trunk-a thing by no means easy, on account esting biographical note. " Mr. Duncan was the of my large India rubber shoes, which the swollen son of a small farmer in Wigtonshire, North Britstate of my feet had obliged me to wear for some ain. At an early age he enlisted in the first regiweeks past. Just then I heard the report of a gun ment of Life Guards, in which he served with on my left, and, instantly jumping into the morass, credit for eighteen years, and discharged himself, warm from the sun's heat, sinking into it up to my with a high character for good conduct, about the knee at every step, and leaving one of my shoes in year 1840. In the voyage to the Niger, in 1812, the mud, I hastened in the direction of the sound. Mr. Duncan was appointed armorer; and, during Count Oriolla, who was the first to leap out of the the progress of that ill-fated expedition, he held a boat, ran to the spot where he had wounded the ser conspicuous place in all the treaties made by the pent, and caught a sight of the reptile as it was commissioners with the native chiefs. He returned trying to escape into the forest. Suddenly it glided to England, one of the remnant of the expedition, into the mud under the trunk of a prostrate tree, with a frightful wound in his leg and a shattered and at that instant the count struck' it with a cut- body, from which he long suffered. With a return lass, which, however, merely raised the skin. He of health, ho ver, came a renewed desire to exthen threw himself at full length upon the creature, plore Africa ; and, under the auspices of the counas it was sliding away, and thrust the steel into its cil of the Geographical Society, he started in the back, a few feet from the tail. The count vainly summer of 1844, not without substantial proofs tried to stop the monstrous reptile, which dragged from many of the members of the interest they took him along, though the cutlass had pierced his body in his perilous adventure. The particulars of his
From the Examiner.
journey along the coast until his arrival in Daho- Our readers will thank us for adding an Engmey, were detailed in letters to his friends, and publish translation. lished in the Geographical Society's Journal of that period. From Dahomey he again returned to the
Underneath is buried all that could be buried of coast, having traversed a portion of country hith- a woman once most beautiful. She cultivated her erto untrodden by European, but broken down in genius with the greatest zeal, and fostered it in health, and in extreme suffering from the old wound others with equal assiduity. The benefits she conin his leg. Fearful that mortification had com- ferred she could conceal- her talents not. Elegant menced, he at one time made preparations for cut- in her hospitality strangers, charitable to all. ting off his own limb—a fact which displays the She retired to Paris in April, and there she breathed wonderfully great resolution of the man. All her last on the fourth of June, 1849. these journeys were undertaken on a very slenderlyfurnished purse, which, on his arrival at Whydah, WHAT IS A CENTURY ?-HOW MUCH IS HALF ? was not only totally exhausted, but he was compelled to place himself in pawn, as he expressed it,
Can you count a hundred? Probably you have for advances which would take years of labor on advanced thus far in the science of arithmetic, and the coast to liquidate. From that disagreeable po- in that case you can say whether a second hundred sition his friends of the Geographical Society soon begins before the first is completed. It sounds a relieved him by an ample subscription, with which simple question, but very wise persons seem to he proposed to make a journey from Cape Coast have been fairly overwhelmed by it. The Times to Timbuctu ; but the state of his health compelled of Monday last spoke of that 31st of December as him to return to England. He was lately appointed vice-consul to Dahomey, for which place he was on
“ the close of the first half of the nineteenth cenhis way when he died. Mr. Duncan leaves a wife, tury.” If the leading journal is royally superior who is, we believe, but poorly provided for.” to niceties and exactnesses, the Eraminer, a journal
not addicted to verbal laxity, had already spoken
in the same sense. A controversy arose-is 1850 LADY BLESSINGTON.
the closing year of the former half of the century, At the close of Miss Power's memoir of this or the opening of the latter half ? lamented lady, prefixed to the republication of her At last, the grave and highly critical Standard last novel, Country Quarters, we find the sub- enters the controversy, but professes itself unable joined:
to decide. It calls to mind how“ fifty years ago On her tomb, the following inscriptions—the Eng- a controversy was raised as to the proper comlish from the pen of Barry Cornwall, the latter from mencement of the century;" and then the distincthat of Walter Savage Landor-render worthy hom- tion is profoundly analyzed—“On one side, it was age to her gifts and virtues. “ In memory of Mar- contended that the period commenced on the 1st guerite, Countess of Blessington, who died on the 4th of June, 1849. In her lifetime she was loved of January, 1800 ; on the other, it was argued and admired for her many graceful writings, her that the first day must be determined by the comgentle manners, her kind and generous heart. Men mencement of notation, viz., January, 1801. Though famous for art and science, in distant lands, sought upon the decision of this question depends the other her friendship; and the historians and scholars, question, whether to-morrow [Tuesday] will open the poets and wits and painters of our own country, the half-century or not, we must leave it, as it has found an unfailing welcome in her ever hospitable lain for fifty years, still doubtful.” The crown home. She gave, cheerfully, to all who were in need, help and sympathy and useful counsel ; and of wisdom is modesty. she died lamented by many friends. They who
Possibly the fact that the Irish Union took effect loved her best in life, and now lament her most, on the first day of January, 1800, may have led have reared this tributary marble over the place of some minds to regard that epoch as a commenceher rest. “ Hic est depositum quod superest ment; but surely, not a few persons must have mulieris quondam pulcherrimæ. Benefacta celara made so much progress in arithmetic as to know potuit
, ingenium suum non potuit. Peregrinos that a question of numeration can only be decided quos libet grata hospitalitate convocabat Lutetiæ Parisiorum ad meliorem vitam abiit Die iv, mensis by the laws of notation. Juvenile memory may be Junii mdcccxlix."
content to start from the year 1800 or 1801; but It would seem, however, that the Latin epitaph such of us as are older are fain to go further back has not been adopted as written by Mr. Landor. to that year of obsolete fashions “the year one ;'' As given by Miss Power it would have been little now, if you begin with the year 1 and count a worthy of his acknowledged reputation as a
hundred, you will find that the sum is only comscholar. We subjoin an exact copy of the orig. plete with the year 100; the second century, inal, that the classical reader may form his own therefore, did not commence, if we remember judgment.
rightly, till the year 101 ; and, by all the laws of Infra sepultum est
sense, each corresponding century began with its id omne quod sepeliri potest,
own first year, and not with the year of the premulieris quondam pulcherrimæ.
vious century. Ingenium suum summo studio coluit,
Establish the other rule, and you incur some aliorum pari adjuvit. Benefacta sua celare novit, ingenium non ita.
consequences very curious to the scientific philosErga omnes erat largâ bonitate,
opher. For example, in a full regiment of a thouperegriris eleganter hospitalis.
sand men, the hundredth man would obey, not the Venit Lutetiam Parisiorum Aprili mense,
captain of the first company, but him of the secquarto Junii die supremum suum obiit. ond ; and so on through the ten hundreds. But,
From the Examiner.
From Dixon's London Prisons.
then, to which hundred would the thousandth man, well-shaped heads and intelligent countenances are belong ?—to the first company? or would he be very rare amongst them. Occasionally the eye an eleventh company by himself ? Again,
rests upon a cranium of a superior order-grand in
outline and finely moulded ; the man belonging to thousand pounds were to be divided among ten
it, no doubt, has a history, if it could only be got men, you would count out ninety-nine to the first,
But the vast mass of heads and faces seem then you would begin the second hundred, and so made and stamped by nature for criminal acts.
But what would you do with the thousandth Such low, misshapen brows-such animal and senpound ?-give it to the tenth man, who would then sual jaws—such cunning, reckless, or stupid looks have 1011. ; or give it to the first, to make up his --hardly seem to belong to anything than can by 1001. ? Extending the principle, you may say courtesy be called human. that the baby born at the beginning of the century is born at the end of the last, so that he really is
THE DISTRESSED NEEDLEWOMEN. one year old on the day of his birth.
The colloquial name of the century is evidently The letters published in the Morning Chronicle, the misleading point. We talk of the year“ eigh- descriptive of ihe moral and physical condition of teen hundred and one,” and so forth ; and then the laboring population in our agricultural disthe last year of the series, “ nineteen hundred,” tricts, have rendered generally apparent that which sounds as if it belonged to the new series ; whereas was already known to the comparatively few who it only consummates the nineteenth century. The had made the subject matter for inquiry—that word "eighteen” here belongs to the past, and “ our bold peasantry, their country's pride,” are the current century is expressed only by the units not exactly such as poets have sung and visionaand tens in “ 49” or “ 50"—those are the years of ries have dreamt of them, but that they are livthe uncompleted nineteenth. To think that the ing in a state of brutality disgraceful to the age, nineteenth century began with the year 1800, is as and to a country which boasts of its civilization. much as to confound“ Solomon the son of David" Without stopping to inquire at whose door the with David himself.—Spectator.
blame should chiefly be laid for this evil, it may still be said that the poor people themselves are not justly chargeable with it, but that the reproach
must be divided among the educated classes, There is a certain monotony and family likeness including our governors spiritual and temporal, in the criminal countenance, which is at once repul- who have been contented to leave their less sive and interesting ; repulsive from its rugged out- favored fellow-creatures in so horrid a condition lines, its brutal expression, its physical deformity; of ignorance and its attendant vices. interesting from the mere fact of that commonness of outward character; the expression and the struc
In the body politic, as in the human frame inditure and style of features being so unnaturally vidually, it is not possible for one of the members alike, as to suggest that there must be a common to be diseased without destroying the healthfulness cause at work, to produce upon these faces so of the whole, and any attentive reader of the remarkable a result. What is this cause? it letters above alluded to, cannot have failed to mere habit of life? Intellectual pursuits, it is well observe that the vices of the country add fearfully known, affect the character, even the material form of the face ; why not criminal pursuits ? No per
to the wretchedness of our town population. son can be long in the habit of seeing masses of
To this cause is clearly attributable a very criminals together, without being struck with the large part of the distress which marks the consameness of their appearance. Ugliness has some dition of the class for whose supposed benefit so intimate connection with crime. "No doubt, the liberal a subscription is at this time being made. excitement, the danger, the alternate penalties and it has been shown that in the metropolis there are excesses attached to the career of the criminal, to be found 120,000 more female than male inhabmake him ugly. A handsome face is a thing rarely itants, such excess being called to it from the rural seen in a prison, and never in a person who has been a law-breaker from childhood. Well-formed districts by the greater opportunities for employheads-round and massive, denoting intellectual ment which are here to be found. With them power-may be seen occasionally in the jail ; but they bring the laxity of morals which is the result a pleasing, well-formed face, never. What does of their country training; and failing, as many this ugliness of the prison-population indicate ? among them must fail, to find immediale opportuThis—ihat the habit of crime becomes in a few nities for honest employment, they find no shaine years a fixed organism, which finds expression even in the external form. And is not such a fact in forming temporary connections which must, in full of morals? Does not every one feel how im- most cases, cut them off from future success in portant it is—in the interests of society, in the lise. Sooner or later, and probably at no distant interests of the criminal himself—that he should date from their first formation, these connections be dealt with in the earliest stage of his career, are broken off, frequently too in consequence of before the evil that is in him has had time to fix the contraction of another brutalizing habit—the itself in the organization, to grow fast in the ever- addiction to gin. Thus thrown upon the world, hardening granite ? A man who has not seen masses of men in a great
the poor woman has no resource (being without prison cannot conceive how hideous the human character or friends who can help her) but in countenance can become. Looking in the front of becoming the underling of the slopsellers' “unthese benches, one sees only demons. Moderately dertakers,” or in following a still more abandoned
course than that which she has quitted ; and it is together more odious than the slanderer himself. too much to be feared that of such unfortunates By his vile officiousness, he makes that poison efthe larger part of the “ distressed needlewomen” fective which else would be inert; for three fourths
of the slanderers in the world would never injure of this metropolis is composed.
their object, except by the malice of go-betweens, To remove such from the streets and garrets of who, under the mask of double friendship, act the London would be productive to them of but doubt- part of double traitors.-W. Episcopalian. ful good, while it would only prepare the way for probably-it might rather be said certainly-a
MISCELLANEOUS INTELLIGENCE. fresh supply from the country, to run the same
A CHAPEL exists in Red Lion Square, London, in which course of wretchedness.
thrice on every Sunday the service of the Church of Eng. The only certain remedy for this evil would be land is performed and a sermon preached, by signs, for
the deaf and dumb.-Calendar. to cut off the supply, and this can only be done by reforming the character of the rural population, nected with the electric light has just been communicated
Electric Light.-A curious and melancholy fact conone means for which would be found in rendering to us. A gentleman, near Waltham Abbey, experimenttheir country homes less squalid and miserable. ing. with the electric light a few days ago, having an
incised wound on his left hand, touched the conductor, 3 The evil has been the growth of time, and so too copper wire, and shortly afterwards experienced an irritamust be the remedy. All that the government tion, which immediately spread in inflammation to the can do to hasten the cure is by imparting greater
The arm became immensely swollen, and large
tumors appeared all over the body and limbs. Some of intelligence to the people ; and by the removal of the tumors were opened, and every means resorted to for all legislative obstructions—towards which much the purpose of checking the poison, but without avail.
We learn that the unfortunate patient lies without the has already been done—to render possible the least hope of recovery. – London Mining Journal. exercise of that intelligence. To those among us The latest literary announcements in London, comprise who are favored by Providence with the ability to the following novelties: Dr. Johnson, his Religious Life care for others, and especially to those who, de- and Death, hy the author of Dr. Hookwell ; Anecdotes of
London and its Celebrities, by Jesse ; Wanderings of a riving princely incomes from the labor of the agri- Pilgrim, during 24 years in the East, with 50 plates; Aucultural class, are more directly called upon to watch tonina, or the Fall of Rome, by Wilkie Collins; Essays over their well-being, it should seem to be an im- eral Ecclesiastical Dictionary, by Rev. E. H. Landon ;
by Henry Rogers, from the Edinburgh Review A Genperative duty to do all that lies within their power Women of France during the 17th century, hy Julia Kar. to remove this stigma from our land. They may by Dr. Lardner'; An Autumn in Sicily, with Plates ; The
anagh ; Railway Economy, or the Modern Art of Transfer, be assured that not only will they reap the reward Comedy of Dante, rewly translated by Bannermann; of inward satisfaction for any efforts they make to Spring Tide, or the Angler and his Friends, by Akerman; this end, but that their mere worldly interests must Conversations of Goethe with Eckerman, translated by
Oxenford, &c.-New York Post. be benefited, through the moral and intellectual
SANTA ANNA AND HIS WIFE.-In a letter from Dr. improvement of their humbler fellow-creatures. Foote to the Buffalo Commercial Advertiser, written from
Jamaica, and dated in December last, the following pasSUB-ROSA.—The rites of hospitality are very i The handsomest house, externally, I have seen in ancient, and held to be sacred amongst all nations. Kingston, or its environs, and the most like a gentleman's To break bread with one, is considered as receiving mansion within, according to northern notions, is the one a pledge of inviolable friendship. Judas' having occupied by General Santa Anna, about two miles out of taken bread at Jesus' hand greatly aggravated his own, on a road affording a charming drive. I saw it and
its occupant by accident last Sunday evening. I was treachery. If all who have heard of the term at riding with the attorney-general of the island, to whom the head of this article, had comprehended its ori- I am greatly indebted for his kind and courteous alleogin and meaning, much mischief and heart-burning tions, when, as we drew near a house of good size and amongst brethren would have been prevented. In- style, surrounded by grounds nicely kept, he asked me if gratitude is the basest of sins, and the worst species inquired if I would like to see him ; and almost without
On my replying in the negative, he of ingratitude is to misrepresent, betray, and injure waiting for an answer, turned in the open gateway, and those whose hospitalities we have shared. Language up the broad road to the door. On alighting we were cannot be found adequate to express the enormity ushered into a large drawing-room, neatly furnished, and of an offence that consists in receiving kindness in a few moments Santa Anna, accompanied by his wife
I was disappointed in bis from the generous outflowings of a warm-hearted and daughter, joined us.
appearance. He is taller and stouter ihan I had supfamily, and then to use such favors as an opportu- posed, and there is much grace and even dignity in bis nity to injure and calumniate it. Let all, but espec- carriage. His manner was bland and courteous, lut ially Christians, remember the meaning of sub-rosa. grave. Our intercourse was contined to the merest conIt is a term that now passes current as significant non-places, for he had but little English and I less Span
ish ai cominand. Madame Santa Anna, of whose beauty of secrecy. Its origin is in this wise : Among the I had often heard, is worthy all the encomiums she has Greeks the rose was consecrated to Hippocrates, received. Her figure is exquisitely moulded, plump to the genius of silence; and either the rose or its the extremest point consistent with perfect health, grace figure was placed upon the ceiling of their dining, cool opaque white, peculiar, I believe, to the thorough,
Her complexion is of the rooms, implying that whatever was done therein bred Spanish woman. If her eyes, which are black and should be kept from the public. It was done sub-rosa. sparkling, were a trifle larger, and relieved by a slightls -N. 0. Presb.
increased depth of shade, so as to correspond more
strictly to the classical outline of her head and face, she Go-BETWEENS.
:-There is perhaps not a more would be one of the most beautiful women I have seen. odious character in the world than that of a go-be- She speaks English very well, and her manner is exceerde tween—by which I mean that creature who carries ingly lady-like, frank, and gracious.” to the ears of one neighbor every injurious observa
A GENTLEMAN of London, writing by a late steamer to
a friend in this country, incidentally says :tion that happens to drop from the mouth of another. "I am old enough to have witnessed ihe burning of the Such a person is the slanderer's herald, and is al- Bastile. I have also witnessed occurrences in my own
sage occurs :
country, in the year 1779, and (what I may not have told The new word invented by M. Thiers, for the intenyou when last I saw you, for fear you might have thought tions alleged to be those of Louis Napoleon for his perme one of a nation of barbarians) I recollect the time sonal aggrandizement, is Soulouquerie (a significant alluwhen people used to be burnt in London by judicial sen- sion to his Imperial Majesty of Haiti.) tence ! True as I am now writing to you, on the 18th of March, 1789, my fifteenth birth-day, I saw a person
A PAMPHLET from the pen of Dr. Palacky, the leader of walked up to the stake alive, fagots put round him, and the ultra-Czech party, advocating the federative system burnt ; and for what? For coining, or, as it was called instead of thut of centralization, which forms the basis in the law phrase of the day, perly treason.'
of the constitution of March, had caused a great sensader you Yankees disclaim us for your progenitors. But tion in the political world of Austria. let me add, as a salvo for my country, that in the follow- M. DE LAMARTINE is expected at his residence in ing session of Parliament, 1790, this punishment was Paris. His health being improved, he will soon, it is abolished, so that I probably saw the last victim of our said, resume his place in the Legislative Assembly. then humane code. 'Hardly anybody of the present day will believe me when I tell them this. Our own Lord At Vienna, on the 27th, a sentinel fired at and killed a Chief Justice Denman, when told of it some three or medical student, who had refused in insulting terms to four months ago, would not believe it iill he had satis- cease smoking his cigar, in obedience to the sentinel's fied himself of the fact from the official record. And order. lest you, too, should be pricking up your ears, let me
Moore the poet is in the enjoyment of good health, assure you it is a plain, unvarnished, veritable tale."
physical and intellectual, at his cottage at Sloperton; he AFTER hearing long arguments, and "taking time to is not living in more than the ordinary retirement in deliberate,” the Judge of the Blackburn County Court has which he has passed the last seven or eight years of his decided that domestic cats are valuable properly, and are
life.--Art Journal. not to be killed with impunity. A cat belonging to Mr. Marsden, a farmer, was shot by a gamekeeper, though he a monument 10 the late Sir John Barrow, on the Hill of
The Lords of the Admiralty have fixed upon a site for had been expressly warned not to destroy it. Counsel Hoad, near his native cottage. for the keeper quoted ancient cases from the Year-books to the effect that cats are feræ naturæ, and worse than
It appears that there are 28,000,000 spindles at work in valueless. The judge gave 2s. 61. dainages.
the world. Out of these, England, including the United
Kingdom, commands a force of 17,500,000; America, The following is a comparative list of the productions with all her competition, 2,000,000; Russia about the of the French press in 1848 and 1949–
same number ; France, 3,000,000 ; and Belgium consider
In 1849. In 1848. ably less than any of the three. Works in all languages, dead and living, 7,378 7,234 The "Chelmsford Chronicle” says, that most of the Engravings and lithographic prints,
1,055 Musical compositions,
burial clubs in Essex have been broken up since the recent 257
proceedings showed the crimes they might instigate. 8,276 8,546
CAPTAIN BAINERIDGE, of the Royal Engineers, in a let. being a balance in favor of 1848 of 270. In the above ter to the "Times," earnestly advocates the use of heavy account are not included the daily and other journals.of extricating the vessels now going on the Arctic expeli
charges of gunpowder in blowing up the ice, as a means -Morning Chronicle.
tion, when they shall be inclosed by it. In clearing out the ballast of the Enterprise and Investigator, on their return from the Arctic regions, several
MADAME SONTAG IN A SNOW-DRIFT.-On the mornpieces of limestone were found, composed mostly of in- ing of Dec. 27th, Madame Sontag and party left Glasnumerable shells and minule fishes and skeletons of sea
gow for Aberdeen to attend a morning concert on the animals in a petrified state. Other portions of the lime- following day. All went well till the train reached stone contain perfect specimens of petrified moss and a
Glammis, when a greater depth of snow was experienced, few petrifactions of the ground willow, the largest plant and thence to Laurence-kirk the speed was materially of the Arctic regions, similar in appearance to the retarded., At Middleton-bridge, about a mile or a mile branches of the stunted heath of the North of Scotland, and a half further on, the engine ran into a cutting filled only a beautiful willow-green color, with a willow-shaped with snow to the depth of six feet, and then became comleaf. Several of the officers of the garrison have selected pletely immovable. At this time, five in the afternoon, the best specimens of these fragments of rocks from the ihe blast was most fierce and curling, carrying the drift Arctic regions, with the intention of preserving them from the fields into the hollow of the railway, and rapidly -Times Correspondence.
burying the carriages. The situation, as may be im
agined, was anything but agreeable for the passengers. At Marylebone Police Office, on Monday, Mr. W. A consultation having been held with the guard and Johnson, the Secretary to the Royal College of Chemis: driver, Mr. Wood determined to leave the train and entry, called the magistrate's attention to the very baneful deavor to reach Laurence-kirk on foot. This, with the practice of throwing salt upon snow in the streets: the assistance of two guides, he happily accomplished, alTo freezing mixture' thus formed is 32° below zero ; the though the strength of the wind and the depth of the freezing brine penetrates the boots and shoes of passen- snow brought them several times to a stand still. Aid gers, and keeps them unhealthily damp for days. Mr. having been procured, and a basket of provisions got Broughton thanked Mr. Johnson for his public caution, ready, the party again started for the imbedded train. but said he had no legal power to prevent ihe practice. The wind being now in their faces, the task hecame more
THE “ Venice Gazette” contains a notification inform- difficult, as well as dangerous, but by avoiding the road ing the inhabitants that Field-Marshal Radetzky, being and taking through the fields, from which the snow had apprized of the excellent behavior of the people of Venice, been partially dislodged, the train was once more reached has directed that they shall be henceforward permitted to
at half-past seven. The question was now whether it go out at any time of the night.
was possible to remove the ladies from the carriages, and
gain the summit of the cutting. Madame Sontag with THE" Lloyd" of Vienna states, for a year past a journal undaunted energy at once determined to attempt it, and has been published, in manuscript, under the designation descended from the carriage. Men were sent on before of the "Aurora,” in the madhouse of Graetz, (Styria,) by to make a track, when Madame Sontag, after great exersome of the patients, aided by the chief medical man. tion and several falls, reached the level ground. There
At Valladolid, as soon as the father of the King Con- the blast became quite blinding; but Madame Sontag, sort of Spain received the news of the queen's being in having covered her head with a cloak, was soon supported the family-way, he directed a magnificent religious so- through the fields and over the fences, to the house of Mr. lemnity to be celebrated in honor of "Our Lady of Ex-Wilson, a most hospitable farmer, where, along with pectation,” at which all the authorities and an immense Signor Piatti, she remained all night. Mr. Wood, with
Count Rossi, Signor F. Lablache, Signor Calzolari, and concourse of people assisted.
soine others of the party, again faced the blasi, and At Raab the Jews have been prohibited from the pur. reached Laurence-kirk in safety, although much worn. chase of houses. In the district of Sandec, in Galicia, Between Drumlithie and Middleton-bridge there were the municipal authorities have menaced with a fine of 50 five engines and four trains all fast. Next morning the florins any Christian householder who lets lodgings to a snow had so completely filled the cutting as to bury the Jew.