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to the wise counsel of its more heaven-minded | vague and momentary glances are afforded him of sister part, and now repents of its miserable deaf- solemn Death, standing grim-lighted upon the ness, and, turning thankfully to the light now shown extreme verge of his life, yet receiving indubitato it, finds Death to be no longer a frowning gate bleness, not from this world, but from the light of darkness, but a silver gleaming portal, beyond shining from the sure and certain truth of the life which is bliss.
to come. Through joy and sorrow, pleasure and suffering ; Miserable Brown! foolish also ! Death will through years of hope, whether crowned by realiza- come to thee quickly enough without thy seeking tion or not, must this me of mine struggle on with him. The black-despair life thou almost inclinest in its perishable clay palace. Yet for what else by help of him to get out of, into what would such was it placed there than to struggle and work assistance precipitate thee! Sinful passion cannot out its reward, beneficially to itself or otherwise, easily merge itself into divine peace. Thou art till Death rids it of that shell of a body which it now passing through one of the purifying fires, has so long, snail-like, painfully, yet necessarily, from which holy reliance will bring thee patient carried about, and in which it has dreamt through and submissive to His will who giveth and taketh this short life-sleep, and it awakes into an eternal away. Then wilt thou be able profitably to medibeing? Strenuously is it to be endeavored after, tate on the wonder of life and the mystery of death, that such awaking may be a rosy dawn of para- and live according to their tea ngs. dise.
Often do I now (says Teufelsdröckh), in that old Thou also, O mistaken lover! now findest that arm-chair of mine up among the stars and chimthere is much to be struggled against within thee. neys above Weissichnichtwo, sit waiting for Death That there is a war raging there between the flesh without dread. For the soul that has worked its and the spirit, the judgment and the heart, sober un-rest out of it, looks forward with, perhaps, thought and wild fancy; and according to which of somewhat of philosophic expectation as well as of these proves the strongest, will depend what man- shadow of the world which we call night, out of it
theosophic peace, to gently falling asleep amid that ner of man thou wilt become, and the life or no- to awaken into a day-spring that will have no life to be led by thee. Amid such wrestlings thou evening. hast now begun to learn to live, towards the best
Cheer up, thou forlorn Brown! Is not thy attainment of which knowledge is suffering ines- soul, is not every man's soul, an hypæstral temple, timable. In such trials, help comes to the soul which, under endeavor to roof out the stars, that seeks it beyond the stars ; where, indeed, becomes a dark pit of destruction? Doubt not the under such circumstances it alone finds rest for Infinite! believe in eternity! only those old fancies thought. For until discovery of such haven of of thine must die, not thon. There is time laid rest, what are all the glories of the universe to up for thee in the future, walk thou forward manthee, but only so much to remind thee of the past, fülly to meet it. All the sorrow is, with all the and of thy thoughts in it.
joy that caused it, buried forever in the past. Our desponding lover is, however, at present Inscribe thou, therefore, on the heart-tablet over only living painfully oppressed by the past without those memories, a future, which as yet is not visible to his most
Hic jacet, piercing thought, but remains full of opaque cloud- but not vapor and drear desolation, amid which only
TO A RIVULET.
I now look backward on the path
Of bitterness to tell ;
And all life's scenes are well!
On roll the years, the swift, still years ;
Emotion's fires grow dim;
And withered heart and limb.
The morn of mortal life;
With which my way was rife.
The years, the years sublimely roll,
The treasures of their lore;
When years shall roll no more.
From Bentley's Miscellany.
THE SCENERY OF THE OTTAWA.
No river in North America, perhaps, affords a greater attraction to the lover of the picturesque than the Ottawa. Its broad sheets of water and foaming rapids, its wooded islands and rugged steeps, impress themselves indelibly upon the mind, and imagination fondly indulges in many a lingering reminiscence of the diversified prospects that border its romantic shores.
This important tributary of the St. Lawrence forms a natural line of division between what is now termed "Canada East" and "Canada West," since the union of the two provinces, and under the name of "La Grande Rivière" is celebrated in the annals of the French dominion, as the route by which a ready access was obtained to the Great Lakes and the vast region adjoining, the savage recesses of which, at that early period, few, except the Jesuit, and the fur-trader, had either the inclination or the hardihood to explore.
Hence it forms the subject of many a thrilling tale of conflict between the first colonists and the warlike natives, who were wont to lie in ambush at some convenient spot, and pounce upon the adventurers, in their passage to and fro, with a sudden impetuosity that often insured success, and left many a mourner in the thinly peopled settlements of New France.
But these are the legendary associations of a past age, that cling still, though more faintly with the lapse of years, to the most remarkable spots on the Ottawa, and give an additional interest and wildness to its torrents and gloomy defiles.
lament the tendency of modern improvement to sacrifice landscape to utility, deforming nature with the stiffness of straight lines; and I can well remember the shock it caused me when I first saw St. Anne's.
This village, the scene of Moore's well known boat-song, is situated near a series of rapids at the south-west end of the Island of Montreal, twenty miles above Lachine. Here it was that the young canoeman employed in the fur-trade, received his first lesson at the outset of his career, in stemming the fierce current of the stream, and sang a parting hymn" in the little chapel dedicated to the patron saint of voyageurs.
It is a pretty place still, with its cluster of green islets, between which the pent-up Ottawa rushes with fretful vehemence, but the romance of the thing is gone-annihilated by a huge lock, which in all the offensive trimness of rule and square, usurps the natural margin of the river, and absorbs every object in the vicinity with its glaring walls. There was nothing for it but to turn the back upon civilization, and repeat the beautiful stanzas of the poet to the islands and waters, where all else was changed.
The chief part of the lumber supplied by the Canadian market is derived from the Ottawa and its tributaries, and rafted down by a branch of the river which forms the western boundary of the Island of Montreal. These rafts are very curious objects; and may often be seen moving slowly over the lake of the Two Mountains to the north-eastern channel, propelled by long sweeps, of numerous sails, which at a distance have the appearance of a fleet of small craft sailing in close order, a peculiarity that at once arrests the eye.
The genius of the Saxon, however, has made a wonderous alteration here, and obtained a complete triumph over the difficulties which both nature The lake above mentioned, an expansion of the and the Indian threw in his way. The forest has Ottawa, receives its name from two lofty ridges on disappeared from the fertile levels and uplands, the northern side, in the vicinity of which is a giving place to thriving farms and villages sur-large Indian village, prettily seated on a point of rounded by fields of waving grain-great roads land, with its neat church and thickly clustered and canals skirt the unnavigable portions of the dwellings built close to the water's edge. Here river-locks are erected at the shorter rapids-reside the feeble remnants of two celebrated tribes, steamers puff and plough along, towing huge the Mohawks and Algonquins, who obtain a prebarges and freighted with goods and passengers carious subsistence by hunting on the upper parts discoursing in a Babylonish plurality of tongues. of the river. Bustle and prosperous industry are the characteristics of the numerous stopping places; while enormous rafts of timber from the remote tributaries suggest the nature of the occupation in which most of the people are engaged, and the certainty of the conquest achieved by sturdy enterprise and indefatigable toil.
At Bytown, one hundred and thirty-two miles from the St. Lawrence, the character of the scenery is entirely changed; and here, where the tourist usually completes his ascent of the river, a true idea is first obtained of its wild and imposing grandeur. The town, of considerable size, and possessing many fine buildings of cut stone, is The voyageur, as he bivouacs at some lonely built upon the left bank of the Ottawa, which is portage, on his return from Hudson Bay, or the here completely walled in by lofty precipices, regions of the north-west, no longer dreads an as- fringed with evergreens; and up a narrow gorge sault from the ruthless foe; and resting his paddle in this barrier of rock, one above another, arise as "the evening chime" comes softly over the the locks of the Rideau Canal, eight in number, water, from the belfry of some neighboring ham-forming a giant staircase by which the steamers let, he crosses himself devoutly, and with a brief and barges engaged in the carrying trade, ascend acknowledgment to the "Bon Dieu" for his safe to the upper level, and wend their way by the return, strikes up some merry chanson recalled by beautiful chain of lakes through which the canal the thought of home. route passes to its termination at Kingston Bay, Yet here, as elsewhere, the traveller has to near the foot of Lake Ontario.
From the heights at the barracks, in the Upper “ If you are fond of this sort of thing," said town, the view is one of the most magnificent in an inhabitant of Bytown, (in allusion to the falls, Canada, and perhaps nowhere can be found a more you should visit Les Chats, thirty-five miles striking combination of the soft, the savage, and above ; that is a rare sight, indeed, and I well the picturesque. The whole is now before me as remember the deep impression it made upon me I first beheld it, and never shall I forget the sen- when I came out from the old country.” sations of wonder and delight it awakened, height- Here was a temptation! I had never heard of ened as the splendor of the coup-d'æil was by an Les Chats before; and further inquiry elicited accidental effect of light and shade.
such a marvellous account of them that I deterA broad river, whirling and foaming down an mined not to proceed by the canal to Kingston inclined plain, perpendicular steeps bristling with until I had made a trip to the spot. Accordingly firs, and sweeping in grand curves around the en- that same day I left in a four-wheeled nondescript tire sheet of water, divided half way by an hour which conveyed passengers to Aylmer, a distance glass contraction of the shores—a winding pas- of ten miles ; and arrived there after dark. Upon sage lorn through the most projecting cape, and the way a party of uproarious Highlanders sang insulating a shapeless fragment—a gleam as of Gaelic songs, in loud chorus, which afforded moro plunging waves in the narrow strait, arched by a gratification to themselves than to one, at least, of suspension-bridge, with a cloud of snowy vapor the fellow-passengers. rising behind it and sailing away on the breeze ; At this thriving little village, the Ottawa a group of tinny islets set in the calm expanse be- spreads out into a noble lake (Lac Duchene) thirty yond,“ like emeralds in a silver sea,”-the jut- miles long, upon which a small steamer plies for ting points of the stream receding into hazy dis- the accommodation of the parties engaged in the tance above-fancy all this, and that you behold extensive lumbering business carried on above. it in the light of a gorgeous sunset, from a bird's- Here terminates the steam-navigation of the Ottaeye elevation, and a faint conception may be formed, wa, which is interrupted below by the Chaudière, perhaps, of what it would be far easier to describe and above by Les Chats, situated at the head of the with the pencil than with the pen.
lake. Attracted by the vapory cloud, and by an in- Upon the strand were lying several large canoes cessant din of waters that reminded me of my of birch-bark, shaped in the Iroquois fashion ; and proximity to the well known Chaudière Falls I set on the way up the lake, next morning, we passed off ia their direction, and soon reached the insulated more than one manned by Canadians, who sat two point, and the suspension-bridge already alluded abreast, and dipped their narrow-bladed paddles to, which last spans the river directly in front of quick in the waves, often to the time of one of the falls.
those animating réfrains so frequently heard on the The flood of the Ottawa, descending over waters of French Canada—very unlike Moore's jagged ledge, and parted by passes of rock, forms boat-song, it must be confessed. but indescribably here a line of curious cascades that extend quite wild in their effect. particularly when heard at across the river in endless variety, throwing up night around the forest-camp fire, or repeated by their wreaths of mist from the wildest places, the echoes of some solitary stream. where a most fantastic spectacle greets the be- The country on the borders of the lake has a holder. The best point of observation is the rugged and uninviting look, and a mountainous wire-bridge, a substantial and elegant construction range arises in the immediate neighborhood. The
- the work, I believe, of an American-from land is only of medium quality ; nevertheless, sevwhich an imposing scene is visible.
eral retired officers are settled on the cultivated A deep, circular chasm in the rocky ledge clearings around. I learned that a large portion causes the fall to recede from the general line, of the farmers in this section were Scotch, and and the principal body of water pouring into this, that in one place an entire clan with its chief was as into an enormous reservoir, whirls and dances located. These hardy Highlanders have, no doubt, with frantic rage as it surges through a narrow been attracted to this wild region by the obvious outlet to reach the lower bed, resembling some- features of resemblance it bears to their own what the appearance of a boiling kettle, whence mountain-land. the name -chaudière.
“ What smoke is that?" I inquired, as the boat The outlet is formed by two insular rocks that rounded a point near the extremity of the lake, stand high above the foaming gulf, and upon one and gave to view several thick clouds that issued of these dissevered cliffs, not long since, a luin- at different points, from among the trees. “ The berman saved himself from a drifting raft, which woods are on fire here.' was drawn into the vortex and dashed to pieces “No, monsieur," replied a facetious habitant, against the surrounding rocks. He remained for with a smile; “it's only de fuss what de rivière some time in the midst of the roaring waves, until kick up, when he juinp down, enrage, voyez vous, a rope was thrown to him from the shore. Upon like good many wild cats, into dis Lac Duchene.” this ran a second rope, by means of rings, and “Do you mean that these are the falls of Les making the first secure to a projecting part of the Chats?" rock he attached himself to the other, and was “ Oui, monsieur. You will see dem loute, drawn safely across.
altogether, bientôt, par exemple.”
Accordingly, to my utter astonishment, fall after the hunter intended to pass the night on the portfall came into sight in rapid succession, as the age, we sat down together on a mossy ledge oversteamer swept around the wooded bay, which ter- looking the fall; and while his gentle helpmate minates the lake in a double curve.
kindled a fire and attended to the boiling of a dingy These falls are ranged, with remarkable pre- kettle, slung over it by a forked stick, he folded cision, along the entire breadth of the bay, to the his arms sedately, and related the following legend village of Fitzroy, which is placed at an inner concerning the place. cove, and facing one end of the barrier of islands A long time ago, when, as the Iroquois said, the that obstructs, thus singularly, the passage of the Indians owned the whole of this country, before the river; for the foaming cataracts are the exit of as white men came up from the Great Water, and many channels into which the Ottawa is divided, took it from them—the Five Nations lived in a in its descent from a lake, fifty-one feet higher large town, where Montreal now stands. They than the level of Lac Duchene. Nothing can ex- were the most powerful of the surrounding nations, ceed the wild magnificence of this natural phenom- and dwelt in large cabins made of logs, and roofed enon, or the beautiful variety in which the dif- with bark; these were enclosed within wooden ferent falls present themselves to the spectator. ramparts, from which, upon occasion, they could Here is seen a broad and mighty flood, glittering hurl down stones and darts at their enemies. like a pile of snow through its vista of dark green, The Adirondacks hunted then along the borders and rolling over a precipice in slow and solemn of this river. They were a numerous and warlike grandeur; there an unbroken sheet descends in race, the forefathers of the Algonquins and Monthe form of a horse-shoe, half veiled in mist—a tagnais, and being very proud of their skill in the miniature Niagara. In one place, a wrathful tor- chase, they called the Five Nations women, berent leaps and roars along, among boulders and cause they planted corn. Thence a bitter hatred fallen trees, to rush obliquely into the bay ; in arose between them, and they went to war. After another a silvery rill dances merrily into light, a time, however, the two nations grew tired of from the canopy of leaves, and terminates its killing one another, and wished for peace, and the career with a skip into the lake below. And as Adirondacks said, that if the Five Nations sent an you look right and left, along the front of the ambassador, with the voice of the people, to exislands, brief glimpses are obtained of foaming change wampum with them, they would receive waters rushing through the woods, while the po- him honorably, and bury the hatchet and be friends. sition of other falls is denoted by the spray that But it so happened that a third nation lived furrises over the tops of the fir-trees.
ther to the west, on the banks of the Great Lakes, a There are nine grand cascades—any one of numerous and cunning people, called Yendots, the which it is worth going miles to see—with numer- ancestors of those whom the French named Huous smaller ones; the number being indefinitely rons- –because they shaved their heads and wore increased at the time of the spring freshets, when scalp-locks on the top, which reminded them of the the swollen waters of the Ottawa, bursting from crest of a wild boar; but the Five Nations did the the lake above, force their way by new channels same, and so did the Adirondacks of the north. It through the islands, to the lower level. I was was the warrior-fashion of those days. told by a lumberman, that, at such seasons, he had
Now the Yendots had never been upon very counted thirty-nine. The effect of so many falls, good terms with the Five Nations, and only waited all within a space of less than half a league, must for a pretext to turn their arms against the latter. then be indescribably impressive and romantic ; Accordingly, when they heard of the proposed nor do I think that the known world can furnish a alliance, they were sorely grieved ; for they wished more extraordinary spectacle of the kind. Here, to unite with the Adirondacks themselves, and thus likewise, the utilitarian has been at work, con- be enabled to drive the Five Nations from the verting one of the outlets into a slide by which island where they dwelt, and from the country the timber is shot, with the speed of an arrow, northward of the St. Lawrence. into the lake.
They took council, therefore, and resolved to At one of the principal falls is the old portage send a war-chief of repute, called “ The Leaping used by the fur-traders, whose canoes, with their Carcajou," on a secret mission to defeat the plans loads, were formerly obliged to be carried, on the of their neighbors. He was well named “The backs of the men, up a steep path, to the lake Leaping Carcajou," for he was full of malice and above, a distance of three miles. Here I fell in deceit, with a nature like the vicious quadruped with an Iroquois, who, with his small family, was itself-half-weasel, half-tiger, and half-devil. on his way to the hunting-grounds higher up the He went smilingly among the Five Nations, river. He seemed to be an honest soul, and I had without motive seemingly, except to smoke with some friendly talk with him, while, assisted by his them and call them brothers; and as he was known squaw, he discharged his birchen craft, which con- to be a distinguished orator, as well as a brave, he tained, I verily believe, every item of property he was invited to accompany Tuyagon, the wampum possessed, including a plump-cheeked urchin, with bearer, that he might represent his tribe, and give a pair of wicked black eyes, and, strange anomaly éclat to the occasion in the councils of the Adiron-a young pig! that seemed quite reconciled to its dacks. fate, and was evidently a pet of the family. As The party left, upon its mission of peace, and, ascending the Ottawa, arrived one evening at Les obey the mandate ; selecting an ornament from her Chats, and encamped at the foot of the portage. small stock, she went to the wise man of the tribe, The weather being warm, the Indians threw them- related her dream, and depositing her offering, selves down, just as they were, and soon slept ; all solicited his aid in unravelling the mystery to save one-whose turn of watching it happened to which it referred. This the magician promised be—and the Yendot chief, who lay awake, with 1o do, telling her to come again, when, having his eyes half-closed, and his limbs drawn up like a consulted his art, he would acquaint her with the panther gathering for the spring.
result. Next morning there was a wild commotion in There was a third party to the interview—this the camp. The sentinel was discovered dead at was the Leaping Carcajou, who, lingering still his post, with his head crushed by a terrible blow; about the place, dogged the footsteps of the maiden, and what was still worse, the aged Tuyagon, upon and listened at the door of the lodge. feeling in his breast for the council belt, where he The evening after, Ertel betook herself once usually carried it, found that it was gone. more towards the solitary abode of the magician,
They seized their arms, they leaped about like when, to her surprise, he met her in the path, maniacs, they filled the woods around with their uncouthly clothed and masked in the shaggy skin fierce war-cries, and searched everywhere for the of the wild cow, surmounted by the horns. subtile foe who had inflicted this double injury, but “ Listen, my child,” said he ; “this is the in vain ; and none was more vehement in his indig- command of the Manitous. Obey it, and all will nation or his zeal, than the Leaping Carcajou. be well. There is a stranger in the lodges of the
The envoy alone preserved an unbroken compo- Five Nations, a warrior of renown, who has cast sure. He was a man of years, well schooled in his eye upon the daughter of Tuyagon. Tothe art of restraining emotion, and invested with morrow he will ask her to live in his lodge. Should an office that enjoined an especial show of dignity she consent then will she find out that which she and reserve ; but he was stricken to the soul. wishes to know—it is enough."
The mission with which he had been charged, “His name?'' demanded Ertel ; a feeling of one of the highest honor and importance, was ren-awe struggling with the quick suspicion that seized dered entirely nugatory now, for the Adirondacks upon her. would only laugh at him, if he presented himself “ The Leaping Carcajou." without the usual credential and expression of the The girl's eye flashed up instantly with anger, national wish, the purposes of which the council- and her lip curled scornfully, but this she took wampum was well known to serve—and he was care to hide from the Yendot chief—as he, in aware of the disgrace that would be visited upon truth, it was ; for he had surprised the Mystery him, at his return, empty-handed, from his bootless Man, gagged and bound him in his cell, and disembassy. There was no help for it, nevertheless; guised himself in his attire, to impose upon the so the party retraced their way back, in not a very inaid, whom he loved. amiable mood, we may be sure.
But Ertel knew him, for all his cunning, and Tuyagon was correct in his surmise. Like other with a brave effort she quelled her emotion, and unlucky statesmen his character was assailed by his said composedly ;rivals, who accused him of faithlessness and a host “ The medicine of my father is very powerful, of other crimes which no one had imputed to him can he not tell the daughter of Tuyagon where before, and succeeded in degrading him in the pop- the belt is concealed ? She would know that, first ular esteem. The Adirondacks, moreover, mis- of all, ere she is a bride, for her heart is not glad.' construing the matter, looked upon it as an inten- “ He can," replied the other, thrown off his tional insult, and spurning all thoughts of peace, guard by the apparent acquiescence of his comthrew themselves once more, like famished wolves, panion. “ If the soft-faced squaw had eyes that upon the frontiers of the Five Nations.
could reach to the portage of the Cats, she might Tuyagon did not long survive the loss of his see it where it lies in the water, at the foot of the honor. The old man took it so much to heart that fall. Let her light the fire of the Leaping Carhe died, leaving an only child, a girl of sixteen, cajou of the Yendots : after that, the Manitous quick and supple as a fawn, with a soft voice, a will tell her all she wants to know." dreamy eye, but a most resolute spirit, that instantly “ Good," was the low reply, as Ertel veiled became aroused in defence of her father whenever her face with her robe, and hurried quickly away. any one ventured to cast reproach upon his mem- Yet she went not back to her home ; her little ory ; her name was Ertel, which signifies a rose. heart beat wildly in her bosom, her cheeks were
One night, being asleep, she dreamt that the flushed, her eyes flashed fire. The road was long, Great Spirit stood before her, and said, “ Grieve but she reached her cousin's wigwam on the shore not, my child, the speech-belt was stolen from thy of the Ottawa, at the close of day. A young father, and the thief is still in the wigwams of the hunter stood at the door, shaping a bow. Five Nations. Recover the belt, and denounce “ Speak," said she abruptly addressing him ; the traitor, that the cloud may pass away from the “ does Red Arrow love Ertel ?" name of Tuyagon, and the grave in which he lies “ How can he tell?" was the reply. “He is be honored."
a warrior, and not soft-hearted, like a woman. Ertel awoke with a start, and determined to Red Arrow feels happy when the Little Rose is