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to his prose.
had even endeavored to reproduce the simplicity United States there has been nothing like this, nor of the ancient German ballad. Mr. Longfellow is it at all probable that this influence will be rehas, we assert it, a cultivated, a too-cultivated produced. It must be a keen glance to recognize intellect. He has a habit of quotation, an im- the traces of Protestantism in America. It has moderate luxury of knowledge, a fatiguing dis- left in Channing and Emerson its moral impress ; play of reading, seldom in place. Thus, in the but Protestant doctrines with them take a laic philnovel Kavanagh we cannot understand the fitness osophic form, often with little enough of orthoof the lecture which the schoolmaster delivers to doxy. The sentiment of liberty and of the dig. his wife, and the propriety of instructing her in the nily of human nature partakes with them more of singular and complex problems of a certain Indian stoicism than of Christianity. Protestantism, a poem. We could say the same of Hyperion. spirit without a body, loses its influence.
It has The first idea of the book seems to have been no unity, for it depends upon the individual will borrowed from the Sternbald of Tieck ; Mr. Long- and conscience, which lead to the most monstrous fellow appears to have sought to create an analo- results, in the extravagances of Millerites and gous romance. The hero accomplishes his artisti- Mormonites. As for the revolutionary spirit, cal tour through the Europe of the nineteenth though it does not exist to the same degree as century as Sternbald of the sixteenth. Hyperion in Europe, yet it exists. And there is the great is an æsthetic romance ; people don't act or live in industrial rivalry, a feverish activity, in which the book ; they travel, they chat, they discuss the the pursuit of riches, comfort, luxury, enchains whole world, Goethe, Jean Paul, Carlyle, Paul de us; a struggle, too, which has its poetical side, Kock, Hoffmann, M. Edgar Quinet, George Sand, but of which it will be time enough to chant the Victor Hugo, and many others. Mr. Longfellow victory when the battle is ended. has further written a •drama entitled the Spanish So M. Montégut ends with an indefinite hopeStudent, where he has essayed to reproduce the ful vision of the future. Shakspearean form, but without success. This drama is the weakest of his productions.
This is probably a fair representation of EuroWe much prefer the verses of Mr. Longfellow pean opinion, on certain points, at this time, of
Evangeline, of which M. Philarète American manners and literature. It appears in Chasles has given a complete analysis in this a leading review on the Continent, and has the review, contains pretty passages, but they do not force of some thought and painstaking on the rise sufficiently above the melancholy monotony of subject: Its suggestions are profitable, though the poem. Evangeline is, nevertheless, the best the inferences are not to be pushed so far as work of Mr. Longfellow. The descriptions and they occasionally appear to be.
In the present the landscapes are there more accurate; as to the international intercourse of the world, the civiliverses they roll heavily, “ like the sad and stormy zation of no country is perfectly original and billows of the Atlantic," and, thanks to the line homogeneous. Small states, with a strong pres. he has adopted, they return a sound heavy and sure from without of barbarism or other ingrave as a sigh. The end of Evangeline, how- fuences, have been most favorable to peculiar ever, is charming. It is in this poem that Mr. development. There is an American vitality Longfellow has brought to elevate the delicate which the writer does not fully understand, and qualities of his mind, freshness, grace, the senti- there is a great deal more of it than he imagines. ment of solitude and the domestic hearth. The His hits at the religious philosophic essayists strong doctrine of duty is weakened under the we leave to be digested by them. We cannot natural sentiment of piety, and melts into tears. admit the absurd and reckless charge of the pue
Mr. Longfellow then imitates, and the Ameri- rility of Washington Irving; and granting the fact can poets imitate with him; the reproach does that that writer and Longfellow employ their not fall on him alone, it covers all American Liter- talents upon European topics and literature, the ature. In thinking Americans imitate like chil- reviewer should remember that the Old World dren ; in action they are men.
has precisely that charm of novelty to us which Such are the facts, as M. Montégut chooses to he looks for in the New. The foreign culture state them, of American letters. How do his sits well upon both those authors, and we would European causes of sterility” hold out here? not wish them otherwise than they are ; for they There is no revolutionary spirit,” he admits ; bring grace and refinement, and the culture of the at least, that it is not dominant. Is there a re- imagination, where they are most wanted. ligious unity ? Protestantism is in effect dominant. Reviewers should trust something to Nature, but it has little to do with the national intel- and be more ready to account for than refuse ligence. It is banished to the church and the what she produces. The Imagination will find domestic hearth ; it stops at the threshold of the its level ; when American society and history thinker and the poet. In England Protestantism are ripe it will stay at home; in the mean time has left brilliant and durable literary memorials. it will go abroad. It has inspired Milton, and created John Bunyan, The comparison, by the way, of Irving to Daniel De Foe, Samuel Johnson, and even David Florian, is peculiarly unfortunate, as the reviewHume and Swift ; it has been represented by er's remarks on the Spanish tales show his igno Cromwell, and practised by Newton. In the rance of both literatures. Irving never uses his
From the Atheneum.
foreign traditions as a cloak for American man- your laws more severe. If that will not prevent ners, as Mr. Montégut says, if he says anything. crime, then form your convicted offenders into a The particular merit of Irving's Spanish Legends" condemned military corps," ship them off to is, that they embody so much of the spirit of the Sierra Leone and to the other“ poisonous shores” originals. The reference to Walter Scott and of the African coasts and rivers.
Once transport Cooper is a forced point to maintain a theory, and them there—they would not, he thinks, long sufficiently refuted by the reviewer himself, in the trouble the mother country. Nature would take concluding portion of his own remarks on that her own course with her erring children--and the subject. Cooper's reputation, a fact familiar to free emigrant would soon cease to complain of the all but French reviewers, who know him only infusion of vicious elements into his family and through Frenchifed translations, depends alto- society. To show the absurdity-the wickedness gether upon his purely American characters. In --of such a scheme in this stage of the proposal the soup-kettle of French translation it is possible we hold to be needless. It will be soon enough that Cooper and Scott may taste very much alike. to argue the moral of the plan when Colonel The respect with which the reviewer approaches Napier shall have told us how he will keep this Samuel Slick, Esq., is sufficiently amusing. We convict army in order. The practice of now and would recommend to his reading an English author then sending a man into the ranks for breach of who has used the pencil for the pen. Hogarth's law is not unknown in many countries ; but the instructive plate on Character and Caricature idea of placing arms in the hands of a large body might be of passing service to M. Montégut. of men bound together by the tie of a common Aliogether, however, the latter is lively and sug- degradation, and then sending them to do military gestive.
service in a poisonous swamp, has a novelty and daring about it which is startling in these days of improved humanity. As a soldier, Colonel Napier
ought to understand the difficulties which would Excursions in Southern Africa, including a History lie in the way of an efficient control of such a of the Cape Colony, an Account of the Nalive Tribes, &c. By Liewenant-Colonel E. ELERS body; and, though civilians, we may be permitted Napier. 2 vols. Shoberl.
to entertain a doubt whether this is the best means
of making “crime useful to commerce and civiliThe daily reader of despatches from the colo- zation.” The suggester of it seems to have some nies will recollect the excitement produced in misgivings, in spite of his peremptoriness ; for he England, in July, 1846, by the arrival of disastrous throws out another hint, in a note-to the effect news from the scene of the Kaffir war—and the that we might make of the same convicts“ a most instant equipment of a war steamer to bear to the agreeable present to the King of Mosquito." Cape a commission of seven field-officers, charged Lieutenant-Colonel Napier has the merit of with special services. Lieutenant-Colonel Napier being consistent in his sympathies. He consigns was one of the seven so sent out. Years before the English felon or forger to the malaria of these events he had been in that colony, and paid Sierra Leone with the same hearty good will that some attention to its history :- he consequently he accepts the destruction of whole nations of the took out with him an ampler share of knowledge native tribes. His hatred and contempt for a dark of his new quarters than is commonly possessed skin take, in these volumes, the form of a needless by his countrymen. At the conclusion of the character of harshness. Whoever stands between war Colonel Napier returned to England; and, as the native and the white man's injustice comes in he says, “ being--after repeated offers of service for a share of the abuse plentifully lavished. —still unemployed, for the sake of occupation as Where he is not controversial, Colonel Napier is much as of anything else," he took to writing more amusing and edifying. The history of the books about the fate and prospects of the colony Cape settlement is neither so full nor so accurate from which he had just returned.
as could have been wished; but it is a useful Colonel Napier takes up the Cape as a man summary for the class of readers who have not takes up any political grievance. On the various leisure to consult the old records of the Dutch questions to the discussion of which the colony has and the voluminous blue-books of more given rise in this country-the deeds and mis- date. The chapters on the native tribes, though deeds of the missionaries—the conversion and civ- not written in a spirit of perfect fairness, are interilization of the Hottentot race--the rights of the esting :- from these chapters we shall make an Kaffirs to the soil on which they live-the various extract or two. Reversing the order in which wrongs of the Dutch settlers of Natal-emigration the portraits are presented by Colonel Napier, we --local government, the convict system-on all begin with the lowest in physical type and moral these points and problems he declaims and dog character :malizes with a fierceness which might perhaps compel attention in the camp or the mess-room,
Lastly come the “ Baroas ;" that pigmy race, but which can find little favor in the court of crit- generally known to us as “ Bushmen,
jesmans”—the Obiquas, Sonquas, Soaquas, Mounicism. His plan for managing convicts is a good tain Banditti, or Buschies—so often alluded to in specimen of his rough and ready way of doing the olden records of the Cape. Their identity can.. the work of government. First, he says, make not possibly be mistaken the alleged aboriginal
possessors of the soil—but who, among all the sur-Jexercise a mighty influence on the course of rounding native tribes, have (since European ac- future events in Southern Africa. This curious quaintance with this part of the world) been ever stigmatized as the “Pariahs” and outcasts of race, whose name is as yet but little familiar to “ Hottentotism ;" whose hand, like that of the de- European ears, are settled along the banks of the scendants of Ishmael, is still—and appears ever to Gariep for 700 miles. They number already fifhave been-raised against every man, and every teen or twenty thousand-five thousand of whom man's hand ever was, and is still, raised in self-are armed with muskets. They are devoted to defence against them. Such were the relations agriculture, and have large possessions in cattle this unfortunate but mischievous—and though di- and horses. They are exceedingly warlike—as minutive, yet dangerous-race bore to the other might be expected from their origin—and have Hottentot tribes, on the first arrival of Europeans at the Cape ; and such it has ever continued to be,
more than once arrested the progress of invading in relation to every nation and class, with whom, hordes of savages. A very notable instance of since then, they have successively been brought in this was the defeat and dispersion of those hosts contact. The Dutch Boer, the Griqua, the Bechu- of Mantatees which had overrun and destroyed ana, the Kaffir, all entertain the same dread of, everything in their way north of the Orange river, and aversion to, these dwarfish hordes; who, armed in 1823, when the furious Chaka and his conquer with their diminutive bows and poisoned arrows; ing Zoolahs had set all the tribes of the interior recklessly plunder and devastate, without regard
in motion. Waterboer and his band of Griquas either to nation or color ; and are in their turn hunted down and destroyed like beasts of prey, met and stopped this destructive torrent. A race which in many respects they so nearly resemble. so gallant could not long remain subject either to
Time, a knowledge of, and an occasional savage countrymen or to civilized strangers. The intercourse with people more civilized than them- English government has acknowledged their indeselves, have made little change in the habits and
pendence. disposition of this extraordinary race. The Bush
Between these two races stands the common man still continues unrelentingly to plunder, and cruelly to destroy, whenever the opportunity pre
Hottentot :-of whom there is a striking but sents itself. His residence is still amongsť inac- severe likeness drawn in these volumes. Colonel cessible hills, in the rude cave or cleft of the rock Napier says :-on the level karroo, in the shallow burrow, scooped out with a stick, and sheltered with a frail the modern Totty: let hiin, after the longest and
No animal is more gregarious, or sociable, than mat. He still, with deadly effect, draws his diminutive bow, and shoots his poisoned arrows let him have only a cracked fiddle, a Jew's-harp:
most wearisome march across the arid Karoo against man and beast. Disdaining labor of any his " vrouw,” two or three jolly companions, with kind, he seizes, when he can, on the farmers' herds and flocks ; recklessly destroys what he cannot de- a due supply of liquor and tobacco-when, forgetvour ; wallows for consecutive days, with vultures thinking of present enjoyment—he will light a fire
ful of past labor or actual weariness, and only and jackals, amidst the carcases of the slain; and under the bush," and drink, talk, sing and dance when fully gorged to the throat, slumbers in around it, during the greater part of the night, lethargic stupor like a wild beast ; till, aroused by thoughtless of the coming toils and fatigues of the hunger, he is compelled to wander forth again in
Though most fully appreciating the quest of prey. When he cannot plunder catile, he eagerly pursues the denizens of the waste ; feasts good things of this life, when actually placed indifferently on the lion or the hedgehog; and, of the Hottentot, that he will seldom put himself in
within his reach, yet, such is the natural indolence failing such dainty morsels, philosophically con- the least out of the way to go in quest of the same tents himself with roots, bulbs, locusts, ants, pieces of hide steeped in water-or, as a last resource, he Often, after a long journey, when half famished tightens his “ girdle of famine,” und as Pringle often he will prefer the alternative of tightening
girdle of famine,” rolling himself in his
blanket, and sleeping off the cravings of hunger, to He lays him down, to sleep away,
the trouble of going to a neighboring farm, where In languid trance, ihe weary day.
he might obtain the requisite supplies for his even Whether this precarious mode of existence may, or leather belt, worn round the waist by most of the
ing meal. This said “ girdle of famine" is a may not, have influenced the personal appearance natives of Southern Africa. It is gradually tightand stature of the Bushmen, it is difficult to say : ened, when hunger is felt, without the means of but a more wretched-looking set of beings cannot easily be imagined. The average height of the satisfying the same ; and, although a Kaffir or
Hottentot will, at a single meal, devour, when men is considerably under five feet, that of the women little exceeding four. Their shameless procurable, as much animal flesh as would satisfy state of nearly complete nudity—their brutalized half a dozen Europeans, he can, with the above habits of voracity, filth, and cruelty of disposition frain from food for an extraordinary length of time.
assistance and when impelled by necessity-re-appear to place them completely on a level with In short, the Hottentot of the present day is a comthe brute creation, whilst the “ clicking” tones of a language, composed of the most unpronounceable be made up of a mixture of the greatest contra
pound of the strangest anomalies; and appears to and discordant noises, more resemble the jabbering dictions and inconsistencies of human nature. Inof apes, than sounds uttered by human beings.
dolent, debauched, and drunken, as he naturally is, From this, the most degraded race in the world, still, by a knowledge of the ingredients of his we pass to another—the Griquas or Bastaards ; a tempered by kindness and good treatment, he is
composition, and a judicious display of firmness, half-caste race, which is rapidly rising into great easily to be managed ; and though no great reliance importance at the Cape, and will most likely I can ever be placed on him, in charges of trust, he
--like the Sepoy, under European discipline and serious scrapes, to avoid the consequences of leaders-makes, when sober, a good and gallant which he went to sea, was for some time in India, soldier; and it is on the Cape Mounted Rifles, then returned home, when his friends obtained for composed chiefly of this race—that many of the him a commission in the Cape Mounted Rifles. It greatest hardships, fatigues, and dangers of the appears, however, that the trammels of military last and former Kaffir wars have principally fallen. restraint ill-accorded with the roving disposition of On the question of the rapid decay of these after joining his regiment, permission to absent
the sporting recruit, who, on being refused, shortly native tribes Col. Napier waxes warm and wrath- himself on a shooting excursion into the interior, ful. He denies that the elements of decay for took “ French leave,'' and on his return, about a the black man came in with the white-but is twelvemonth afterwards, found, as might have been curiously unhappy in his assignment of better expected, that his name had been erased from the reasons for his decline. According to him, these army list. The course of life he had selected apare-accidental disease, idleness, defective hy-peared however much more adapted to his tastes giene, and drunkenness. Is anybody unaware that and for several years past he is said to have sub
and habits than the dull routine of parade or drill ; strong waters and the diseases which are most fatal sisted entirely on the produce of his rifle ; returnto the savage were both introduced by Europeans? | ing generally to the colony after an absence of ten Is any one still ignorant that the vices which have or twelve months, his wagons laden with ivory, depopulated America and Australia, as well as the skins, and ostrich feathers, by the sale of which, it seaboards of Africa, are the vices of civilization is believed, he generally realizes several hundred Let us search for pleasanter matter.—Take the pounds at each trip. According to some accounts,
when on these expeditions, he occasionally adapis following sketch :
himself to the costume as well as the customs of the During one of these wanderings, I stumbled on natives ; travelling about, when so minded, quite in a small thatched cottage, or rather hut, in a remote Kaffir fashion, without even the encumbrance of a and secluded dell. Hot, thirsty, and fatigued, I kaross ; but that, when in the colony, he indulges gladly accepted the proffered hospitality of the in the strangest eccentricities of dress, not unireaged man who owned this humble abode. He quently astonishing the natives of Graham's Town regaled me with all he had to offer-a draught of with the picturesque habiliments of the middle ages milk, with some coarse bread and fruit—whilst or of the times of Charles the First. * * A few partaking of which, I learned from him the story days afterwards, whilst sauntering under the of his life, and what had brought him to such a shades of the fine young oak trees, which line each distant, unfrequented spot. Mine host, apparently side of the broad main street at Graham's Town, I between seventy and eighty years of age-an beheld an athletic young man, whose extraordinary Englishman by birth, and brought up to a seafar- costume instantly attracted my attention. His ing course of life—was one of the few survivors dress consisted of a pair of rough “ veld-schuebelonging to the crew of a ship, which, nearly half nen,” white trowsers and shirt, without waistcoat a century ago, had been wrecked upon this stormy or jacket; a leather girdle tightly encircled his
After wandering about for some time, he waist, whilst, on his head, he wore a broach at last took to himself a native wife, and settled brimmed hat, adorned with jackals' tails, and surdown in this retired spot; where, “the world for- rounded by a magnificent plume of the finest ostrich getting and by the world forgot,” he has happily feathers. “That,” thinks I to myself, “must be and contentedly spent so large a portion of his lite; the very man I want to see. I therefore stopped and hopes, as he said, at last quietly to end his across the street and asked him at once if his name days. " Here,” said the philosophic old mariner, was not Cumming ?—and on his saying it was, in a half English, half Dutch idiom of his own, after duly introducing myself, I told him I had but to the following purport : “ Here I am happy, heard so much of his exploits that I determined to and want for nothing. Whenever I feel at all out form his acquaintance ; and, moreover, having of sorts, I walk up to yonder bluff' • kopf,' or brought out from England a rifle of great calibre, headland—I look at the boisterous waves buffeting as I found such an article was to me perfectly usesoine unfortunate bark—such, say I to myself, was less, he inight perhaps like to take it off my hands, my former position in life ; I then turn round and which reasons would, I trusted, be accepted as an look down on my humble cottage; in this quiet apology for so very abrupt a mode of introduction. and sheltered kloof; on my sons, working in the The - lion-slayer” I had pictured to myself was a tield or garden ; on my daughter, with her little swarthy, hairy, sunburnt, Salvator Rosa brigandones pratiling around; on my two cows, and my looking fellow, with a voice of thunder, and with flock of goats. • Mutinous Tubber! I then in the manners of a savago-in short, in every respeos variably exclaim, what more dost thou want?! a very Morok; what was therefore my surprise on and not being able to answer this question, I beholding quite the reverse of all that I had imalways return happy and contented to my pipe and agined. Before me stood a noble looking young sunny seat, here on the stoep.”
man of about six-and-twenty years of age, standing
at least six feet high in his stockings, (had he worn We have space for only one more extract ; and such a superfluous article of dress,) and although that must give our readers a glimpse of a "mighty built like a Hercules, his manly form was most hunter,”—with whom and his doings, if we be elegantly moulded, surmounted by a finely shaped not mistaken, they have made acquaintance once head, luxuriantly adorned with silken locks of a before :
flaxen hue, which negligently hung over a coun
tenance, of an almost feminine cast of beauty, My informants stated Mr. Cumming to be the beaming with good nature and the mildest light son of a Scotch baronet ; that his love of “wood- blue eyes; and when he spoke, his silvery and craft," and deer-stalking propensities amongst gentle tones emulated the softness of a woman's, the Highlands, had at an early age got him into voice. Such was the appearance of the great
T'Somtseu, who, after expressing himself flattered | he knows more than any other person living of at what he was pleased to call the undeserved com- the state of interior Africa-of the features of the pliments I had paid to his well-earned reputation: "I dare say," continued he, in the same soft and country and the habits and character of the inland attractive tone of voice," you have heard that I nations; having penetrated many hundred miles have turned a regular smoutch,' but I think I beyond the line known to have been passed by have a right, as long as I molest no one, to choose any other white man.-How valuable this knowlmy own course of life; for, whilst indulging in the edge, and the physical hardihood which accomroving and adventurous existence I ever delighted panies it, might be made to geography, natural in, I earn what I consider a gentlemanly livelihood, history, and commerce, we need not say.
STRANGE INSTINCT OF THE DEER.
THE large American panther has one inveterate and deadly foe, the black bear. Some of these immense bears will weigh 800 pounds, and their skin is so tough that a musket-ball will not penetrate it. As the panther invariably destroys all the young cubs which come in her path, so does the bear take great pains to attack the panther, and fortunate, indeed, is the animal who escapes the deadly embrace of this black monster. The following exciting and interesting scene is related by an eye-witness:
which enables me to follow to the utmost the bent of my inclinations. My wagons are now laden with ivory, karosses, ostrich feathers, and other articles, which I hope will realize almost a thousand pounds. This is the produce of nearly a year's amusement; and, when turned into cash, I shall be able therewith to replace the many horses and oxen I have lost, and reequip myself to start again in quest of fresh excitement, profit, and adventure. However," added he, "if you will come to my wagon just outside the town, I shall be very happy to show you its contents, and to give you any information which you may require; or first, if you prefer, we can go and look at your large elephant I remarked, as we walked along, I had heard so many marvellous stories put down to his account, that, unless confirmed by himself, they A large deer was running at full speed, closely were certainly beyond my powers of belief. "For instance," said I," only last night, in a circle of pursued by a panther. The chase had already friends assembled at Fort England, I heard it been a long one, for, as they came nearer, positively stated, that you recently not only perceive both their long parched tongues hanging bearded a lion' in his very den, but slew him out of their mouths, and their bounding, though there, and were afterwards found asleep, with your powerful, was no longer so elastic as usual. The head pillowed on his lifeless carcass.' These deer, having discovered in the distance a large sort of things," said he," are always exaggerated, black bear, playing with her cubs, stopped a moment and the only credit I deserve is, that of being a tolerable shot, and having pretty good nerves, the to sniff the air; then coming nearer, he made a sole qualifications required on such occasions. As bound, with his head extended, to ascertain if for the story of sleeping in the lion's den, I have bruin kept his position. As the panther was closnever, to my knowledge, proved such a Daniel- ing with him, the deer wheeled sharp around, and though, on more than one occasion, I certainly turning back almost upon his own trail, passed have been asleep, while those gentlemen were within thirty yards of his pursuer, who, not being prowling about so close to me, that I have been able at once to stop his career, gave an angry awakened by their angry growls."-"Pray tell me how you ever came to be placed in such a very growl and followed the deer again, but at a disunpleasant situation?"-" From experience," re-tance of some hundred yards; hearing the growl, plied he, "I found that the easiest and perhaps safest way of destroying lions, was to do so from a hole deep enough to conceal a man's body; and, when I shot a large animal, such as a rhinoceros or buffalo, near a pool of water or a brook-I often
the bear drew her body half out of the bushes, remaining quietly on the look-out. Soon the deer again appeared, but his speed was much reduced
and as he approached towards the spot where the bear lay concealed, it was evident that the animal was calculating the distance with admirable precision.
and recourse to the above device. The hole was dug very near the carcass, and, at night-fall, I would enscone myself therein, to wait till the animals which had come to drink should have The panther, now expecting easily to seize his thoroughly gorged themselves; when they were, prey, followed about thirty yards behind, his eyes generally speaking, easily knocked over from my so intently fixed on the deer that he did not see place of concealment. I have, however, some-bruin at all. Not so the bear. She was aware times been so thoroughly fagged, on taking up my of the close vicinity of her wicked enemy, and position, as to have fallen asleep, and been awakened by angry discussions occurring over the mangled remains of the slain. On one occasion, when thus disturbed from my slumbers, I found myself surrounded by five enormous lions, one of which took it into his head to look down over the ledge of the hole which concealed me-but a discharge right in his face caused him to pay with his life the penalty of such impertinent curiosity, and this perhaps may be the origin of the story about my nap in the lion's den."
This enterprising trafficker keeps, it is said, a daily journal of what he sees and does. Probably
she cleared the briars and squared herself for action, when the deer, with a beautiful and powerful spring, passed clean over the bear's head and disappeared. At the moment he took the leap the panther was close upon him, and was just balancing himself for a spring, when he perceived, to his astonishment, that now he was faced by a formidable adversary; not the least disposed to fly, he crouched, lashing his fianks with his long tail, while the bear, about five yards from him, remained like a statue, looking at the panther with her fierce, glaring eyes.