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a declaration of war on a future contingency. | late wealth and bully the world; which is an exShe is positively adverse to Prussia, but nega-pensive policy. Yet, had they higher aspirations, tively amicable; only the negative transcends the what examples might a true model republic set positive just now in Germany. The Prussian to Europe just now! what lessons teach! border is neighbored by a great Russian army; the disputed dutchies of Schleswig-Holstein are filled with troops, and the Prussian commander manifests no eagerness to conciliate the Danish party. War is threatened all round, and Prussia herself seems prepared to brave it. The obstruction to it consists in the fact that no party is paramount. The sequel, therefore, is to be determined less by what is possible than by the combination of impossibilities. But as those elude observation and calculation, the sequel is not only more difficult to foresee, but also more difficult to prepare it must happen, as it were, peradventure, according to the balance of these complicated impossibilities; and although watched by all, will probably take all by surprise. Hence the great armies which all parties keep up, although they do not assert any positively hostile policy. They wait to see which way Germany shall fall; and are making themselves strong, governments as well as mobs, for the scramble among her ruins.-Specta
In the court of Queen's Bench, Westminster, on 10 December, an action was tried on behalf of Emma Quelch, a girl about eleven years of age, brought in formâ pauperis, in the name of her father, against Thomas Henry Wakley, one of the consulting surgeons of the Royal Free Hospital in Gray's Inn Lane, to recover damages for alleged negligence in the treatment of a fracture of the thighbone, for which the plaintiff had been a patient in the hospital. The most remarkable feature of the case was the endeavor made by Mr. Wakley, and also by his father, the coroner, to prevent the public trial. It appeared from the evidence, that the plaintiff had taken the scarlet fever from a fever patient who was admitted into the same ward; and this had seriously retarded her recovery. Another disease was communicated to her by impure bandages. The jury returned a verdict for the defendant; several medical witnesses attesting that he had done for the particular illness of the girl all that was possible under the circumstances. [Mr. Wakley had been elected a Fellow in the College of Surgeons a few days before the trial.]
TURKEY AND RUSSIA.-The most recent advices THE Earl of Albemarle has long been in a state from Constantinople represent the position of Turof ill-health, and the fact has at last come before key and Russia as being anything but settled. the public in the shape of a commission de lunatico As to the extradition question, the reports fluc- inquirendo; which was held on 12 December, at tuate so that it is impossible to come to any cer- Farrance's Hotel. From the evidence it appeared tain conclusion upon its actual state suffice it that that Lord Albemarle had been in the Asylum of the question is still kept open; a fact in itself of Dr. Sutherland. Several medical witnesses were no small significance. Meanwhile, Turkey exexamined, with others, who described the delusions tends a marked hospitality to the refugees; and he could make watches of dirt; that he had lived under which the patient labored. He thought that the ambassadors of Austria and Russia are so in the time of the Apostles, and had died three impolitic as to testify displeasure. In short, the times and risen again; that he had been to heaven feeling between Turkey and Russia is evidently to baptize fifty thousand persons, one of them a one of hostility. A writer in Constantinople ex-speckled child; that he had fought at Bunker's patiates on the favorable condition of Turkey for entering upon war-her increased army, her augmenting resources, her immunity from debt, her known sympathy with Hungary. It might be added, that she has shown not less sympathy with the Italians in the revolutionary service of Hungary. Curious, if Turkey should unite with the champions of "progress" in the Mediter
Hill with Captain Brown, who had cut off his head, but who afterwards put it on again, as firm shaky; that he had been called the Fire King, and as ever, with the exception of its being a little had performed at the Lyceum, four thousand years ago; that he was Jesus Christ, and had been crucified after the Flood, &c., &c. The jury found that Lord Albemarle had been of unsound mind since the 23d July, 1849.
Ar the Liverpool Police-Office, Patrick M'Cafferay was charged with being found secreted on board an emigrant-ship, under suspicious circumstances. Mr. George Bennett, a gentleman employed in the establishment of Chapman, Bowman & Co., stated, that on Wednesday he went on board the ship Albert Gallatin, then in the river, she being about word, or an irreg-to sail for New York, and, on rummaging, he
CHINA. The English war-ships in the waters of China have been busy in castigating the "pirates" that infest those regions, under circumstances that imply a connection between the pirates and the Celestial government. Are they pirates, in the European sense of the
ular navy in Chinese pay? In either case, it is no doubt more convenient, diplomatically, to treat them as individual outlaws; besides, to do so evades the reproaches of the peace party in England, since the castigation of pirates is not called war."
UNITED STATES.-The Model Republic is manifestly at a loss for some national mission: it has nothing for its citizens to do but to accumu
found three women secreted in flour-barrels. On a further search, the prisoner was discovered stowed away in a small box, not more than three feet long by about eighteen inches broad. The box had to be broken open before the prisoner could be got out, and he was then much exhausted by his confinement; had he remained there much longer, the consequences must have been fatal. The prisoner was discharged. In a short time afterwards he appeared in court, and created much amusement by asking if he might have his box. Mr. Rushton
refused his application ; adding, “Go along with miles, and been digested and printed off in the you ; it is well you were not smothered in your office of a London journal.
An iron warehouse for California is now in course An explosion of fire-damp having occurred in a of being constructed at Liverpool, of very considerpit near Wigan, the colliers, twenty or thirty in able dimensions. It is 60 feet long, 40 wide, and number, hurried to the shaft, and were drawn to 36 feet high at the most elevated part. There will the surface in batches. As the first basket left the be three ranges of rooms. It is lighted by 60 mine, a youth attempted to spring into it; a man windows, and will weigh rather more than 30 tons. caught hold of him, and thus hanging out of the
“ Lately travelling in the Welsh Principality, I basket, the ascent was made ; but the descending basket struck the unhappy youth ; on reaching the met a French gentleman, travelling in his own surface, his head was found in the basket: his carriage, with post-horses, who, in conversation
with mangled body had fallen to the bottom of the shaft, turnpike-gates cost him from 10 to 12 francs a day;
me, complained that the passports' at our minus a head, a leg, and an arm.
and observed that Englishmen in France had nothA FATHER, mother, and daughter, have perished ing to pay for travelling on the roads of the French in succession, by a singular accident, at Wednes- republic. bury. John Pettifer occupied a small house erected on a mound of refuse from a mine. The daughter
The Society of Arts has concluded contracts with was sent at night on an errand ; she did not return
Messrs. James and George Munday, the public in reasonable time, and the father went to seek her ;
works contractors, for carrying out Prince Albert's he too returned not, and the mother hastened in projected exhibition of arts and industry by al] search of both daughter and husband; hours passed, nations. The Messrs. Munday undertake, withand no one returned to the house. At length a
out any security, to carry out the exhibition on their boy aroused a neighbor, and a search was made.
own responsibility, and to indemnify the Society of A large hole was discovered near the house, the Arts for all expenses and liabilities; to erect the crown of the pit having fallen in; and into this necessary buildings, at a cost of some 50,0001., and chasm the unfortunate people had successively to provide 20,0002. for prizes. From the funds fallen. Two or three days elapsed before the bodies received Messrs. Munday's expenses, with five per could be got out. It is supposed that the sufferers cent. interest, are first to be paid; and if any surperished from foul air before they reached the bot- plus remain, Messrs. Munday are to receive two tom of the mine.
thirds of it. The Hereford Journal mentions an inquest at
At a late meeting of the Ashmolean Society, Leighton, near Buildwas, on the body of Thomas Oxford, Dr. Daubeny mentioned the progress of Lloyd, a Mormonite, who perished in the Severn arrangements for a steam-vessel to proceed from while baptizing a young woman by moonlight.
Edinburgh to Iceland, which will afford an oppor
tunity for persons so disposed to visit that interestAn association, entitled “ The Bach Society," | ing island. It is intended to leave Edinburgh about has just been formed, for the purpose of cultivating the time of the next meeting of the British Associaan acquaintance with the works of the illustrious tion in that city, and to return in time to give an John Sebastian Bach.
account of the visit before the meeting terminates. A letter from Upsala, of the 24th November,
MR. Sidney Herbert's FEMALE EMIGRATION states, that the Dukes of East Gotha and Dalecar- Scheme. For the furtherance of this object a comlia, now students at the University of Upsala, being mittee has been formed, of which Mr. Sidney desirous of seeing the mortal remains of Gustavus Herbert is the chairman, and Lord J. Russell, Lord the First, (Gustavus Vasa,) which are deposited in Carlisle, Lord Ashley, the Bishop of London, and a one of the vaults of the cathedral of that city, the great number of noblemen and gentlemen, are memmarble sarcophagus containing the body was opened, bers. The advertisement announcing this fact says: by virtue of a special authorization of the king. Of " It is proposed to take immediate measures for the body of the great monarch nothing remains but proinoting emigration to the British colonies on an the skeleton ; but all the clothes (of the ancient
extensive scale. Assistance will, in the first Spanish costume) are intact, and preserve a certain instance, be extended to the class which, as the freshness. These garinents are of velvet and silk, poorest and most helpless, has a reasonable claim with gold and silver brocade. The crown, the to early consideration—the needlewomen and slop sceptre, the globe, the ornaments of the scabbard workers. Offices will be immediately opened, at enclosing the royal sword, and the buckles of the which such parties may register their applications. girdle and shoes, are of fine and massive gold, and Care will be taken to select such persons only as partly adorned with precious stones.
are well recommended, and whose age and habits M. Verbeest, the most celebrated book-collector render them fit subjects for emigration. Such in Europe, has died at Brussels, at an advanced arrangements will be made as will secure for them age. He had founded a very curious establishment, every possible safeguard and care during the passage consisting of a house of several stories, disposed so Communications will be opened with the as to contain about 300,000 volumes, arranged ac- colonies, with a view to the proper reception of the cording to their subjects.
emigrants on their arrival; for their temporary On Tuesday last, the deputation of the Boulogne themselves in respectable positions." The Protec
assistance and to afford them facilities for placing and Amiens Railroad Company reached Paris from tionist economists have fallen foul of Mr. Herbert's London in eight hours, carrying with them the Times of the same morning. The express for project
, but it has been received in the country with warded from Paris with the French intelligence of general approbation. Monday was thus tossed back to the Parisians for The Exhibition of Manufactures at Birmingham their own information almost by noon on the next closed on Saturday. It was opened on the 2d Sepday; having, in the interval, been carried 600 i tember, and has during the time been visited by
more than 100,000 persons. In the last week there were 19,000 admissions.
HIRING NEWSPAPERS.-In the Bloomsbury Co. Court, a newsvender residing at Hampstead, named Moss, brought an action against Mr. Barnard Gregory to recover a debt due for the hire of newspapers; amounting to 21. 18s. 10d. The defendant pleaded by his solicitor-first, that no one had applied for the money; and, secondly, that by the Act of 23 Geo. III., it was illegal to lend newspapers, and therefore defendant could not be compelled to pay. The plaintiff, however, was prepared for this line of defence, and produced a subsequent Act of Will. IV., cap. 76, which repeals the whole of the former Act relative to newspapers, and consequently the Judge immediately decided that the debt and costs should be paid by defendant.
month was decapitated with the sword in the market-place of Herisau. This fact is itself a startling one, but the details are just as strange. For two hours the woman was able to struggle against four individuals charged with the execution. still so great that the men were obliged to desist; After the first hour the strength of the woman was the authorities were then consulted, but they_declared that justice ought to follow its course. struggle then recommenced, with greater intensity, and despair seemed to have redoubled the woman's force. At the end of another hour she was at last
THE" Athenæum" says that a proposal has been made by the Keeper of the State Papers to print a series of calendars or indices of the valuable historical documents in his custody, which has been agreed to by the government, and that the work is to be commenced immediately. It is stated, moreover, that the several volumes will be produced in a neat and comparatively inexpensive form, which will render them accessible to all classes of historical inquirers.
STREET lamps have recently been introduced in the European quarter of Alexandria.
A GENERAL order enjoins the officers at all outports to use their utmost vigilance, and bear in mind that a seizure has just been made in London "of a quantity of compressed snuff, made up in the form of oilseed cake, and packed together with genuine cakes of that article."
It is reported that Madlle. de Luzy, who was governess in the family of the Duc de Praslin at the time of the murder of the duchess, and who was arrested and examined on suspicion of having been accessory to the crime, was married lately to the nephew of an Irish peer.
THE total population of Belgium, according to the report presented by the Minister of the Interior, amounts to 4,337,196. Another table, not less interesting than that of the population, is divided under the heads of masters or principals of manufactories and workmen. From this it appears that there are 756,747 masters and their families, including 1,185,424 persons; workmen, 1,301,353, their families comprehending 1,093,672 persons.
THE aquatic contest between the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge took place last Saturday, and though the latter came in first, victory was adjudged to the former in consequence of a foul on the part of the Cambridge boat, when the Oxford men were evidently winning.
bound by the hair to a stake, and the sword of the executioner then carried the sentence into effect.
JENNY LIND.-Mr. Barnum thus corrects (in the "New York Herald") the erroneous statements of his recent offer to Jenny Lind. 1st. Jenny Lind has sent no agent to America; but I have sent two to her, one of whom recently returned from an interview with her, and has now gone to meet her in Stockholm with my proposals; 2d. As regards terms; I understand and believe that Mr. Knowles, manager of the Manchester Theatre, who engaged Jenny Lind to sing in the provincial towns of Great Britain, paid her 4007. sterling per night. I understand, also, that it was no unusual thing for Mr. Lumley, director of the Queen's Opera in London, to receive 1,8007. to 2,000l. sterling on Jenny's nights. It is absurd, therefore, to suppose that I could expect to engage her 200 nights for 50,000 dollars-only 250 dollars per night. Now, the truth is, I have offered her more than four times that amount per night, besides paying the expenses from Stockholm, and during her engagement of herself and a companion, a financier, (probably her father,) and two servants, besides placing a carriage always at her disposal, and paying every description of she may sing; and I have offered to place 10,0007. expense attending the concerts or operas in which sterling in the hands of her banker in London, to secure the fulfilment of my proposition. I am by no means certain of her coming, even at the offer made; but if any gentleman supposes there is gammon in this business, and that a less compensation would induce her to visit America, I hereby pledge my honor to sign bonds to any amount, whenever called upon, to give any person 50 dollars for every 100 dollars per night that he will obtain her services for me less than 1000 dollars per night, besides all the expenses before named.
FREDERIKA BREMER AMONG THE FOURIERISTS.We are allowed to copy the following from a letter received from the North American Phalanx, in New Jersey. "Miss Bremer paid us a visit last week. She seemed quite pleased, and entered very genially into all that was going on-mixed a batch of bread, sewed hominy bags, and would have gone TORTURE IN SWITZERLAND.-A strange circum-out to dig potatoes, if it had not rained. There stance has just taken place at Herisau, the capital of Inner Appenzell, in Switzerland, showing how much in these countries of old liberties civilization is behindhand in some matters. A young girl of nineteen, some months back, assassinated her rival. Her lover was arrested with her, and as she accused him of the crime, both were put to the torture. The girl yielded to the pain, and confessed her crime; the young man held firm in his denial; the former was condemned to death, and on the 7th of this
was an old Swedish officer with her, whom we liked mightily; he came to compile some of the beauties of our republican customs for home use; the king, he says, being inclined to anticipate revolutionary tendencies. Miss B. charmed all by her musical gifts. The girls cried and laughed like wild creatures, as they are, under the influence of the delicate magic of her notes, as she played the Sea King's Bride,' and other national airs."Boston Chronotype.
BY CHARLES MACKAY.
From the Examiner. fellow-laborer in the same cause for the last time AMONG the deaths of the last week we see re--and on his favorite subject. On the 29th he corded that of David JENNINGS Vipan, of small sickened. Twelve days afterwards he died prepox, at Tunbridge Wells. This gentleman had maturely in the forty-fourth year of his age, in the not attained public notoriety, but he had neverthe- full possession of his vigorous intellect, and most less worked silently, and not ineffectually, for deeply regretted by a small circle of attached what he considered to be the public good—and we friends, to whom his private worth had endeared hold it right that merit of this kind should not pass him. It is the boast of England that she numbers away without a public acknowledgment. The son among her citizens private individuals, who, in of a commercial gentleman of Norfolk, educated every department of science, literature, and polifirst at Dr. Valpy's Grammar School at Norwich, tics, are the unpaid advocates of what they believe then at Trinity College, Cambridge, he carried to to be the truth. David Vipan was one of these this university the practical views of the class to the peculiar growth of free institutions. It is the which it was ever his boast to belong. It was here duty of the public press not to let such men pass that he laid the foundation of those rare classical from the stage unnoticed. attainments, which afterwards, during a long residence in Germany, introduced him to the notice
MY GARDEN GATE. and friendship of such men as the Grimms, Thiersch, and Müller, as one of the first scholars of his day. Yet he was no scholar of the old English school- STAND back, bewildering politics, it was the constitutional and commercial history of I've placed my fences round; Greece and Rome that attracted him, and it was Pass on, with all your party tricks, here amongst these early struggles after freedom Nor tread my holy ground. and good government that he endeavored to seek a Stand back-I'm weary of your talk, principle and a guide for the present. This love Your squabbles, and your prate ; of free institutions and their progressive develop- You cannot enter in this walk, ment from ancient times led him, in the years 1838 I've closed my garden gate. and 1839, to visit Hungary; a country which he always regarded as evidencing in its history his
Stand back, ye thoughts of trade and peli favorite political maxim, that liberty is ancient,
I have a refuge here; despotism recent. Versed in the Magyar language,
I wish to commune with myself; he made the constitution and laws of Hungary his
My mind is out of gear. peculiar study, and became the friend of its most
These bowers are sacred to the page eminent statesmen and citizens. We need only
Of philosophic lore: mention amongst these the names of Szechenyi,
Within these bounds no envies rage; Casimir Esterhazi, Palffi, Andrassi, Georg Karolyi,
I've shut my garden door. Odeschalchi, Zichi, with whom, and with all the
Stand back, Frivolity and Show; other chiefs of the constitutional opposition, he was It is a day of spring; in habits of daily intercourse. At the Hungarian I want to see my roses blow, Parliament he was received under the title of the
And hear the blackbird sing; English deputy.” Ill-health alone compelled him
I wish to prune my apple-trees, to leave a country to which he ever remained most And make my peaches straight; fondly attached, and to whose cause he devoted the
Keep to the causeway, if you please; latest energies of his life. In 1840, when review
I've shut my garden gate. ing his friend Paget's work on Hungary in the “ British and Foreign Review,” he was one of the
I have no room for such as you ; first English travellers who pointed out to his
My house is somewhat small. countrymen the existence of a system of constitu
Let love come here, and friendship true, tional law very similar to their own—the possible
I'll give them welcome all; nucleus of a future free state in the centre of auto- They will not scorn my household stuff, cratic government, and the great frontier post of
Or criticize my store. European law against the inroads of Russian bar- Pass on-the world is wide enough; barism. In 1848, when Hungary raised the con- I've shut my garden door. stitutional banner against Austria, Mr. Vipan was
Stand back, ye pomps, and let me wear one of the first to use his pen in her defence, and
The liberty I feel. to unmask from time to time the ignorant or wilful perversions of a portion of the press.
No one in
I have a coat at elbows bare ;
I love its dishabille. England was so well qualified for this task, for no
Within these precincts let me rove, one was so well acquainted as himself with the
With nature free from state; antecedents of the late struggle. His unequalled There is no tinsel in the grove ; knowledge of the subject, his incorruptible integ- I've shut my garden gate. rity, his moderate but independent means, rendered his evidence as valuable as it was disinterested. What boots continual glare and strife ? The fall of Hungary in the unequal struggle I cannot always climb; shocked him, but did not paralyze his exertions ; I would not struggle all my life; for he never could believe that the history of a I need a breathing time. thousand years, indelibly impressed on the habits Pass on—I 've sanctified these grounds and feelings of every man, woman, and child of To friendship, love, and lore; the country, could be extinguished at a blow. On You cannot come within these bounds, the 27th of November last he wrote to a friend and I've shut my garden door.
five and four dollars, making nineteen, which was
sent to Mr. Burritt to be added to his next remitThe article on the Position of the Colonies de
tance. And it was with great pleasure that we serves the attention of the highest minds. It fore received a visit from him in acknowledgment. shadows the independence, or equal rights, of the Could our friends who have not yet sent anything various portions of the Anglo-Saxon race, and thus for Dr. Dick, have heard Mr. Burritt's touching the creation of a satisfied, vigorous, federal nation, account of the extreme economy which this good spreading over the whole world.
man has long had to practise, (the particulars of In order to carry out this great idea, the writer which we dare not print,) they would hasten to his opposes the separation of Canada from the mother relief. country. We heartily wish him success in his
In thus doing good to an eminent British author, ultimate object, although we differ a little as to Americans are drawing more closely the bonds of the order of future events, and desire to go further brotherhood between dear old Scotland and Engthan he has proposed. Looking upon the Anglo- land and ourselves. We hope that more of our Saxon race as the only one which is greatly grow-readers will honor us by sending their gifts through ing in numbers and power; bearing in mind the this office. promises of a time when “ wars shall cease ;' pondering the inestimable benefits which our blessed
NEW BOOKS. Union has given to us, in peace and free trade, the effects of which have far surpassed the sanguine Poetry and Prose Writings, by Richard Henry hopes of our forefathers ;-we cannot but look
Dana. New York. Baker & Scribner. upon the development of our constitution by the
These are all the writings of Mr. Dana hitherto admission of Texas, as affording to us a near hope published, now collected in two handsome duodeciof such an extension of its benefits as shall include mo volumes, with the author's careful revision, and Great Britain and all her colonies. The rapidity some additions. Of the contents of the greater part of our greatness will soon make the probability of of this collection we have more than once expressed this more manifest. In 1840 our population was cannot help, however, expressing a regret that the
our admiration, and have nothing new to say. We 17 millions; in 1890 it will be 70 millions; in genius which could produce such a poem as the 1940 it will be 300 millions.
eer, so full of poetic solemnity and strong How the difference of government is to be recon- emotion, so original in style, with imagery so ciled, we do not see yet; 20 years may make it directly copied from nature, and delineated with easy. The treaties by which England is connected such rapid and bold strokes, should not have em. with the continent of Europe will become obso- ployed his eminent powers in other works of the
kind. In reading the tale of Paul Felton, among lete, and thus remove another obstacle. The the prose writings, almost as remarkable in its way national debt, even, which has appeared to us to be as the Buccaneer, we are almost as irresistibly led the greatest difficulty, may be soon and honorably to wonder that he who had shown such a capacity disposed of. Let us look at this for a moment in for that kind of composition had not continued to the light thrown upon it by Mr. Gurney, whose practise it.
The second volume contains Mr. Dana's reviews, remarks were so effectively quoted at the late Peace Congress. Since 1815—that is, in 35 some of which date as far back as the year 1817,
and were published in the North American Review. years of peace—the expenditure of Great Britain They are examples of subtle analysis, an unerring for war purposes has been 15 to 20 millions a year. critical judgment, and perfect independence in its This sum, directed to that purpose, would have expression. We had no such criticism in American paid off the whole debt! Now if Great Britain and literature at the time, and, we were about to say, her colonies and the United States can be so united we have had no such since; but it is not necessary that an attack upon one of them would be an attack to attempt to exalt its merits by comparisonupon all, such an attack never would be made. mode of criticism which Mr. Dana has bimself con
demned. It was for these articles that Mr. Dana And it would require but little faith for Great was deprived of the conduct of the North American Britain to cease her war expenditure and apply the Review, in which he had engaged with great spirii. saving to the payment of her debt--the interest of To that work, if it had remained in his hands, he which is five times as much as the whole revenue would have imparted a character of originality and of the United States.
decision in its critical articles, which no literary We commend this great subject to Mr. Burritt man of the country was at that time qualified 10 and all the members of the Peace Congress. It
give it. will be hard work to induce England and France no material changes, but he has added to their value
In republishing these articles, Mr. Dana has made to join in a court of nations; comparatively easy to by some additional paragraphs in the same spirit. draw England and the United States more closely There has for some years past been a demand on together. And when this shall be done, it will the literary world for a collection of Mr. Dana's almost have accomplished the whole object. writings. The previous collection was imperfect,
and it has been long out of print. There is no part The appeal in behalf of the venerable Dr. Dick, of the present volumes more valuable than the matwhich we copied from Mr. Burritt, has already ter which has been added from the earlier critical produced some effect. We have received ten and writings of the author.-N. Y. Ev. Post.