« VorigeDoorgaan »
and lay at anchor, as if bent on some other object a bayonet charge at double quick time ; but Wolfe, entirely. A party was sent by Montcalm to watch desiring his troops to remain firm, and reserve him. But suddenly, one dark night, the Adiniral, their fire till the enemy came to close quarters, swiftly, and in profound silence, glided down the placed himself at the head of the English grenarapid current, spreading out all his boats, filled diers, and, by voice and gesture, encouraged them with troops to be landed under the selected heights. to complete what had been so gloriously begun. Nothing could exceed the caution, promptitude, and By disease and other casualties, his whole effective skill, with which this was effected. The boats force was now reduced to scarcely 5000 men, being were actually seen and challenged by the French less than one half of his opponents. sentinels along shore; but, by the consummate
The shock of battle came. The British poured address of an officer acquainted with French usages, in volley after volley, at a short distance, with the sentries were deceived into the idea that these murderous effect. But still the conflict raged. were boats with secret supplies for the garrison ; Both fought desperately. Wolfe stood conspicuand thus the whole were allowed to pass quietly ous in the front ranks, giving his orders, and enand unmolested. The strength of the current and couraging his men, when a musket-ball hit him tide carried the boats a little way beyond the point in the wrist. Wrapping his handkerchief round Wolfe had intended ; but they were brought-to at the wound, he continued his directions with pera place where a narrow pathway, or track, led up, fect coolness. He ordered a charge, at the point surmounted by a captain's guard. The English of the bayonet, on the already wavering French soldiers silently sprang on the slippery ledge at columns, heading it in person, when he received the bottom. Not a word or whisper escaped. another ball, in the upper part of the abdomen, as All knew the value, at this critical moment, of he cheered his soldiers on. Even this more sericaution; and none disregarded their favorite gen- ous wound did not for a moment deprive him of his eral's previous earnest admonitions on this point. calm self-possession, and he was gallantly leading Among the very first to land was himself. All the charge, when a third and fatal bullet, probaknew what they were to perform. The foremost bly from the same rifle, struck him in the breast, to ascend the dizzy heights was a Highland regi- and he fell. It was with difficulty he allowed a
Wolfe had often before seen the daring of party of his grieved soldiers to carry him to the the kilted soldiers. Slinging their muskets across | rear. The others, enraged at the fate of their their backs, they ascended the cliffs with all the beloved leader, sprang on the enemy, and carried agility of chamois hunters, using their hands more everything before them. Wolfe was fast dying ; than their feet; grasping the projecting wild bushes, the crimson streams flowed from the three severe and clambering up by the angles on the face of wounds, yet his dimmed eye looked towards the the rock, till they finally reached the summit, battle, and his ear listened to the shouts of the where they surprised the officers in command of combatants, the sharp roll of musketry, and the the French picquet, and a number of the soldiers ; roar of cannon. Extended on the ground, and the rest having fled in terror at the unexpected surrounded by a group of hardy warriors, whose appearance of Scotia's plumes and stalwart sons. iron visages were relaxed with profound sorrow, The alarm was quickly spread; but crowds of and down whose weather-beaten cheeks the seldom British soldiers, hastily making their way up the shed tears trickled, as they hung over him who now unguarded narrow pathway before noticed, was about to leave them forever, he anxiously were instantly formed in battle array, by Wolfe, inquired the progress of the engagement.
An on the broad plateau, ready to act; and the key of officer suddenly called out~" They run. See the position was fairly gained. Several pieces of how they run !! Wolfe, who was in a halfcannon, in charge of the French guard, had been fainting-fit, hearing the exulting shout, eagerly seized, and some English guns were quickly slung asked “Who run?”It was answered—“The by ropes, and hoisted up to the British position. French ; they give way in all directions !” A By dawn of the memorable 13th of September, gleam of satisfaction played for an instant on the 1759, Wolfe's forces stood, ready for action, on dying general's countenance, and he feebly exthe Heights of Abraham.
claimed -" Then I die content." His last words Montcalm was thunderstruck. He at first re- were an emphatic order for Webb's regiment to fused to believe that the hostile troops could be move down instantly to the St. Charles river, there ; but, convinced of the fatal reality, he now and secure the bridge there, to cut off the enemy's saw no alternative, with an English fleet threaten- retreat ; after uttering which he expired in the ing him on one side, and an army opposite his arms of Frazer, his favorite orderly soldier. The most vulnerable point on the other, than to leave next officer in command, Monckton, was dangerhis formidable position, and give battle on the ously wounded; but the victory was most ably plain. Issuing from the ramparts with the flower followed up and completed by Townshend, 'a of his soldiers, and leaving his field-pieces behind, talented and judicious young brigadier. Montcalm quickly advanced to meet Wolfe, lining By a singular coincidence, the brave Montcalm the bushes, in front of his position, with picked also fell, mortally wounded. With his dying marksmen, and crowds of Indians endeavoring, at breath he addressed General Townshend, and the same time, to turn the English flank. Head- recommended the French prisoners to “that gening his old French soldiers, Montcalm came on to erous humanity by which the British nation hins
always been distinguished.” His second in com- “To Captain Rickson, of Col. LASCELLE'S mand shared the same fate.
Regiment, to be left at Lucas's The effects of this decisive victory were, the
Dublin, Ireland.” capitulation of Quebec; and, soon after, the whole of Canada was ceded to the British crown.
Part of Wolfe's seal is still adhering. When the news reached England, the national Dear Rickson,–When I saw you writing upon feeling was one of mingled exultation and sorrow, the back of a letter, I concluded it was in conseat the brilliant results on the one hand, and the quence of the mandate I sent you by Lt. Herris,
of this Regiment (that letter he carried upon your loss of the gallant Wolfe on the other. Pitt made account and mine, not his own, as you will easily a most eloquent appeal to Parliament on the com- discover ); but I find myself more in your debt plete success of the campaign, and spoke of the than I expected. "T was your desire to please, and transcendent merits of the fallen general, in lan- to express the part you take in your friend's good guage which drew tears from all who heard him. fortune. These were the motives that persuaded He concluded with a motion that an address be you to do what you knew would be agreeable. presented to his majesty, praying that he would You 'll believe me, when I tell you that, in my order a monument to Wolfe's memory in West- would be worth acceptance, if none were to partake
esteem, few of what we call advantages in life minster Abbey. This was unanimously agreed them with us. What a wretch is he who lives for to; and that ancient edifice, the solemn depository himself alone! his only aim. It is the first degree of the undying names of the good and the great, of happiness here below, that the honest, the brave, had committed to its charge another marble me- and estimable part of mankind, or, at least, some morial, recording the worth of him who fell in amongst them, share our success. There were sevBritain's cause, covered with glory, and whose if this had not happened (promotion) to prevent my
eral reasons concurring to have sent me into Italy, game is embalmed in imperishable renown and a intentions. One was to avoid the mortifying cirnation's gratitude
cumstance of going, a captain, to Inverness. Dis. Wolfe's father, the brave old general, died only appointed of my sanguine hopes, humbled to an a few days before the arrival of the news ; and excess, I could not remain in the army and refuse the mother of England's young hero had to lament, to do the duty of my office while I staid in Britain. at one and the same time, in her old age, the Many things, I thought, were, and still are want
ing to my education. Certain never to reap any double loss of her husband and their only son.
advantages that way with the regiment; on the A beautiful cenotaph was erected to the conqueror contrary, your barren battalion conversation rather of Quebec, in the ancient and picturesque church blunts the faculties than improves ; my youth and of his native town, where he had spent the happy vigor bestowed idly in Scotland ; my temper daily days of his childhood.
changed with discontent; and from a man become A third monument has been erected on the martin or a monster. Heights of Abraham, to the joint memories of Here follows a page relating to private matters, Wolfe and Montcalm, the conqueror and the van- which must be held sacred; but in the course of quished; both the impersonation of military vir- the confidential and unreserved statements which tue and heroism; and each distinguished by those Wolfe makes to his friend, he incidentally alludes amiable qualities which eminently fitted them, had to his age as being then only twenty-two years they lived, to sheathe their swords in the close and three months. embrace of friendship. Finally, the subject of Wolfe's fall, on the crimsoned field, has afforded Cornwallis is preparing all things for Nova scope for the sculptor and the painter, more partic- Scotia ; his absence will over-bother me; my stay ularly to the fine genius of West, in his admi- must be everlasting; and thou know'st, Hal, how rable picture of that never-to-be-forgotten military I hate compulsion. I'd rather be Major, upon halfevent.--Fama semper vivat.
pay, by my soul! These are all new men to me, and many of them but of low mettle. Besides, i
am by no means ambitious of command, when that This rapid sketch of Wolfe's career may enable command obliges me to reside far from my own, the reader now to peruse, with more interest and surrounded either with flatterers or spies, and in a effect, the little packet of his letters alluded to in country not at all to my taste.
Would to God you the outset. These are twelve in number, and em- had a company in this regiment, that I might at brace the period between 1749 and 1758, a space wallis asked to have Loftus with him. The duke
last find some comfort in your conversation. Cornof nine years. The letters are written in a small
laughed at the request, and refused him. and remarkably neat hand; and the reader will,
You know I am but a very indifferent scholar. doubtless, admire the fine sentiment and spirit When a man leaves his studies at fifteen, he will which they contain, addressed, as they were, to a never be justly called a man of letters. I am bosom friend. The first was from Glasgow, or endeavoring to repair the damages of my educarather from his lodgings in the antique village of tion, and have a person to teach me Latin and the Camlachie, already referred to.
mathematics ; two hours in a day, for four or five
months, this may help me a little. LETTER FIRST.
If I were to judge of a country by those just This letter bears the old-fashioned post-mark- me. You are in the midst, and see the brightest
come out of it, Ireland will never be agreeable to Glasgow, pd. 2d.," and is addressed on the out- and most shining, in other than in a soldier's charside thus
acter. I wish it were more pleasing to you than
you mention, because probably you will stay there y desire to see the propagation of freedom and truth, some time.
I am very anxious about the success of this underThe men here are civil, designing, and treacher- taking, and do most sincerely wish that it may ous, with their immediate interest always in view; have a prosperous issue. I think it is vastly worth they pursue trade with warmth, and a necessary your while to apply yourself to business, you that mercantile spirit, arising from the baseness of their are so well acquainted with it; and, without any other qualifications. The women coarse, cold, and compliment, I may venture to assert that Cornwalcunning, forever inquiring after men's circum- lis has few more capable to do him, and the public, stances. They make that the standard of their good considerable service, than yourself. breeding. You may imagine it would not be dif- I beg you will tell me at large the condition of ficult for me to be pretty well received here, if I your affairs, and what kind of order there is in took pains, having some of the advantages neces- your community; the notions that prevail; the sary to recommend me to their favor, but
method of administering justice; the distribution My dear Rickson,
of lands, and their cultivation ; the nations that Your affectionate friend,
compose the colony, and who are the most numer
J. Wolfe. ous; if under military government, how long that Glasgow, April 2d, 1749.
is to continue; and what sect in religious affairs is the most prevailing. If ever you advise upon this
last subject, remember to be moderate. I suppose This letter is dated in 1750, but the place, the the governor has some sort of council, and should outside address, and several other parts, are crum- be glad to know what it is composed of. The
Probably, however, it was still writ- southern colonies will be concerned in this settleten from Glasgow.
ment, and have probably sent some able men to
assist you with their advice, and with a proper plan Dear Rickson,-You were embarked long before of administration. Tell me likewise what climate I thought you ready for your expedition, [to Nova you live in, and what soil you have to do with : Scotia,) and sailed before I could imagine you on whether the country is mountainous and woody, or board. I intended to have bid you farewell, and plain; if well watered. sent my good wishes to attend you. Indeed, I I see by a map (now before me) that you are was not without hopes of hearing from my friend between (crumbled away in the letter) of latitude ; before he went off; for upon such changes he sel- in most parts of Europe the air is dom forgot to make me acquainted with his des-degrees, because we are sheltered by the protination. I am not entirely indifferent to what digious
of Norway and Lapland befalls you, and should have been glad to know from the north winds. I am afraid you are more how such an undertaking as this is, agreed with exposed ; your great cold continent to the north your way of thinking; and whether, after a good may
some severe effects upon you. deal of service, you would not rather have sat Direct to me at your agent's down in peace, and rest ; or if your active spirit think I can serve you, or be of any use,
I prompts you to enterprise, and pushes you to pur- I will send you anything you have a mind for, suits new and uncommon; whether this, (ihe ex- when
directions to have it sent, for pedition,) certainly great in its nature, suits your I expect
to go abroad for eight or ten inclination. Since I cannot be clearly informed of months; do not let the
prevent you these matters till I hear from you, I shall content from writing. I set out for London next myself with entertaining some conjectures that are if it is allowed, shall be in less than forty days favorable to your interest. You are happy in a
Metz, in Lorraine, where I propose governor ; and he'll be happy to have one near to pass the winter; you will easily guess my aim him that can be so serviceable to him as you have in that. I intend to ramble in the summer along it in your power to be. I dare say you are on the Rhine into Switzerland, and back through good terms together, and mutual aid will confirm France and the Netherlands, and perhaps more. I your former friendships. He will require from you hope you have a good provision of books. Rutherindustry and assiduity; and, in return, you may ford has published his; and there is a Frenchman expect his confidence and trust.
I look upon his has told me many excellent truths, in two volumes situation as requiring one of his very way of entitled, “ L'Esprit des Loix." (Montesquieu.] It thinking, before all things else ; for to settle a is a piece of writing that would be of great use new colony, justice, humanity, and disinterested where you are. Will you have him? ness are the high requisites; the rest follows from Tell Cornwallis that I thank him for making me the excellent nature of our government, which ex- a lieutenant-colonel (which, by-the-by, you did tends itself in full force to its remotest dependency. not take the least notice of); if I was to rise by his
In what a state of felicity are our American merit, as upon this occasion, I should soon be at colonies, compared to those of other nations ; and the top of the list. He promised to write to some how blessed are the Americans that are in our of us, but has not; they are not the less ardent for neighborhood above those that border upon the his prosperity; and the whole corps unites in one French and Spaniards. A free people cannot op- common wish for his welfare and success. Pray press; but despotism and bigotry find enemies tell him so, as you may do it safely. among the inost innocent. It is to the eternal Your old corps comes back from Gibraltar next honor of the English nation that we have helped to
Do you know that C has got a comheal the wound given by the Spaniards to mankind, pany over T by E-'s death? I will corby their cruelty, pride, and covetousness. Within respond constantly with you in whatever part of the the infuence of our happy government, all nations world we happen to be thrown, provided you do are in security. The barrier you are to form, will, not force me, by neglect, to leave off writing. We if it takes place, strengthen ourselves, protect and have but this one way left to preserve the rememsupport all our adherents; and, as I pretend to brance of each other as lively as I could wish, and have some concern for the general good, and a vast as I hope you do. The old general, [his father,]
# If you LETTER THIRD,
your friend, preserves his health, and is
communicate our thoughts, and express that truly he has often wished to have you again in his regi- unalterable serenity of affection that is found ment. Farewell! I am, most affectionately, my among friends, and nowhere else. I conceive it no dear Rickson,
less comfortable to you. I believe that no man can Your faithful friend,
have a sincerer regard for you than myself, nor can J. WOLFE.
any man wish to serve and assist you with more 1750.
ardor ; and the disappointment you speak of affects me greatly, and the more, as I have been told that
you lived with Cornwallis, and, consequently, had Old Burlington Street, March 19, 1751. some employment near him, that must be creditable · Dear Rickson,—I writ to you six or eight all the integrity, diligence, and skill
, that I know
and profitable, which I imagined you filled, with months ago; but as you took no notice of my letter, I conclude you did not receive it ; nay, I'm you possessed of. I cannot otherwise account for almost sure you did not receive it, because I asked has been an early promise, or some prevailing
the preference given to Mr.- than that there a favor of you which I think you would not have refused me.
I desired you to inform me of the recommendations from England that Cornwallis condition of your new colony, [Nova Scotia,] (which could not resist. However, if I was governor, I have much at heart,) and was not a little curious methinks I should choose about my person some to know your particular employment and manner affairs of a new colony (situated as yours is) as
experience, and military ability, as requisite in the of living. Though I have deal to say to you, I can't speak it just now, for I’m confined in point any branch of knowledge whatever. This disapof time; but as I have the same regard and friend- pointment is followed by a resolution in you that I ship for you that I always had, I have the same from a life that cannot but be disagreeable, and
approve of greatly, because it will release you desire to cultivate our good understanding. Write to me, then, and forget nothing that you imagine take it to be a thing much easier conceived than
place you where you will be well received. But I can give me right into your affairs. I am going to
effected ; for though I grant that
is Scotland in ten days; your agent will forward a letter to me there.
a beast, and fit only to hunt the wildest of all the The young gentleman who delivers my letter doubt, would be very difficult to obtain, though
wild Indians, yet, his consent to the change, I has served in the regiment with me. precaution, and not want of honesty, obliges him everything else went smoothly on, and you know to leave it. You 'll learn his story from Corn- to write my father. He is extremely disposed to
without it the matter rests. You have done well wallis. I desire you to countenance and assist him
do a little, and I hope you 'll not think any services
you any good office, and shall take care to put that you may do him thrown away. May you be him in mind, and excite him by all the motives healthy and happy. I shall always wish it with that will touch him nearest, to assist you. great truth. I am, dear Rickson,
I thank you for partaking with me in the satisYour affectionate friend,
faction of a promotion. You found your expectaJ. Wolfe.
tions, from my future fortune, upon the best
grounds, my love and thorough sense of your (This !etter has a marking on it—"answered 22d July, 175.")
worth ; but I would not wish you should wait for my power. I should blush to see myself in the capacity. Take my inclinations and good wishes
in the mean time, and believe that whatever falls to [Of eleven pages in length.]
my share you will have a demand upon. If you
Banff, 9th June, 1751. look round and see my powerful rivals and comMy dear FRIEND,- I am prepared to assist you petitors, examine who and what they are: we your apology whenever you think it requisite; but must both think that a little moderation in our Í desire you will never assign that as a reason for views is very becoming, and very consistent with not writing, which, in my opinion, should prompt my situation. I believe you are of opinion with you for it. Attachments between men of certain me, that a great deal of good fortune has fallen to characters do generally arise from something alike my share already. I'll tell you only one instance. in their natures, and should never fall from a cer- M-, and the then major of your present regitain degree of firmness, that makes them the same ment, were people at the top of the list for lieutenall the world over, and incapable of any diminu- ant-colonels, and I for major. M— started first, tion. I have (as you justly acknowledge) a perse- I followed, &c. verance in friendship, that time, nor distance, nor You have given me a very satisfactory account circumstance, can defeat-nay, even neglect can of the settlement, as far as you have observed, or hardly conquer it; and you are just as warm, and as have had opportunity to inquire. Till your letter near me, in North America, as you would be upon came, I understood that we were lords and proprithe spot. I writ to you lately from London, and etors of the north coast of Fundy Bay—for there is sent my letter by one that I recommended to you a vast tract of country between that and the River for countenance. I hope what has befallen him of St. Lawrence. It appears to me that Acadia will be as a shield against accidents of that sort [Nova Scotia) is near an island, and the spot where for the future. When I writ that letter, your poor you are, a very narrow space between the Gulf and friend was in the utmost distress (describes his ill- Bay. If so, I conclude your post will be greatly ness ;] otherwise you should have had more of me. improved ; and, instead of the shallow works that It is not an hour since I received your letter. I you describe, something substantial will be erected, shall answer all the parts of it as they stand in capable of containing a large garrison, with inhabtheir order; and you see I lose no time, because in itants trained to arms, in expectation of future a remote and solitary part of the globe. [“ Banff wars with France, when I foresee great attempts to wit.”] I often experience the infinite satisfac- to be made in your neighborhood. When I say tion there is in the only one way that is open to this, I mean in North America. I hope it is true
what is mentioned in the newspapers, that a strong with which your lieutenant-colonel marched; the naval armament is preparing for your assistance. Indians might have had courage ; in that case you I wish they would increase your regiment with would have overcome them in battle under the eye drafts from the troops here. I could send you of your chief; as it was, he saw you well disposed some very good little soldiers. If our proposal is to fight—perhaps I am talking at random, but it is
I a good one, I will shorten the work, and lessen the conformable to the idea I have of this Colonel expense. The present schemes of economy (allud- Lawrence, whose name we often see in the papers. ing to the ill-considered views of the Duke of I suppose him to be amongst the first officers of the Newcastle's administration) are destructive of expedition, high-minded himself, and a judge of it great undertakings, narrow in the views, and ruin- in others; his ready march to the enemy marks ous in the consequence. I was in the House of the first, and his being the head of your undertakCominons this winter, when great sums of money ing gives one an opinion of his judgment, if 't is to were proposed for you, and granted readily enough, his advantage. I desire you to let me have his but nothing said of any increase of troops. Mr. character at full length; perhaps there's a strong Pelham (secretary of state) spoke very faintly upon mixture, as it generally happens in ardent men-in the subject ; wished gentlemen would well weigh that case let 's have the best fully, and the other the importance of these undertakings, before they slightly touched. I am mighty sorry that you are offered them for public approbation, and seemed to not so linked in with some of your brethren as to intimate that it might probably produce a quarrel form an intimacy and confidence ; without it, the with our everlasting irreconcilable adversary; this world is a solitude, and what must your part of it I took to be a bad prognostic; a minister cool in be? I pity you very heartily, for I am sure you so great an affair, it is enough to freeze up the are very ready to mingle with a good disposition. whole! but perhaps there might be a concealed "T is doubly a misfortune to be banished without mancuvre under these appearances, as, in case of the relief of books, or possibility of reading ; the accidents, “ I am not to blame," " I was forced to only amends that can be made to us that are carry it on," and so forth ; in the mean time, I hope sequestered in the lonely and melancholy spots, is they are vigorous in supporting our claims. The that we can fill up part of our time with study. country is in all shapes better then we imagined it, When I am in Scotland I look upon myself as an and the climate less severe; the extent of our ter- exile—with respect to the inhabitants I am so, for ritory, perhaps, won't take a vast deal of time to I dislike 'em much ; 't is then I pick up my best clear; the woods you speak of are, I suppose, to store, and try to help an indifferent education, and the west of Sheganecto, and within the limits that slow faculties, and I can say that I have really the French ascribe for themselves, and usurp. acquired more knowledge that way than in all my Yours is now the dirtiest, as well as the most former life. I would, by all means, have you get insignificant and unpleasant branch of military home before the next winter, but I don't approve operation ; no room for courage and skill to exert in the least of the resolution you seem to have itself, no hope of ending it by a decisive blow, taken, rather than continue in that service. Do and a perpetual danger of assassination ; these cir- everything in your power to change, but don't cumstances discourage the firmest minds. Brave leave the army, as you must, when you go upon men, when they see the least room for conquest, half-pay. If there's any female in ihe case, any think it easy, and generally make it so ; but they reasonable scheme for marriage, I have nothing to grow impatient with perpetual disadvantages. I say ; that knocks down all my arguments ; they think
is a loss; his loggerhead was have other sorts of passions to support them. In fit enough for these kind of expeditions, and would reality, the most I can offer (were you unbiassed) save much fatigue to better men. I should imagine would not amount to weighty matter, for I see no that two or three independent Highland companies early appearance whereon to mould a bait for your might be of use ; they are hardy, intrepid, accus- ambition ; yet I cannot consent to your leaving us tomed to a rough country, and
* entirely, in the hopes of fairer days. If I did not here in the midst of Popery and Jacobitism, sur love you personally, and wish your happiness very rounded on every side as I am with this itchy race. I heartily, I should advise you to stay where you don't understand what is meant by the wooden forts are, and would say you ought to be kept there ; at Halifax. I have a poor conceit of wooden forti- and give, as a reason for saying so, that I do fications, and would wish to have them changed for think the infancy of a colony has need of able a rampart of earth, the rest in time; it is probable hands, civil and military, to sustain it, and I should that the great attention that must be given at first be for sacrificing you and all the men of worth, to to building the habitations and clearing the ground the general good. You speak of a Mr. B- the about the town, left no interval for other work; engineer ; pray, say a word or two of his capacity, but I hope to hear, in your next letter, that our and tell me if there are amongst you any connoisprincipal city (Halifax) is considerably improved scurs in that business. in strength. You, gentlemen, too, with your Is the Island of St. John in the possession of the parapet three or four feet thick, that a heavy French, or do we occupy it? It would be unparshower would dissolve, you ought to increase it, donable in me if I omitted to send you intelligence and put yourselves into a state of security. You of what is stirring amongst us ; I mean if I kept appear to be the barrier and bulwark of our settle- from you anything that comes to my knowledge, ments on the land, and should be lodged in a suffi- but in truth we are here almost as much in the cient fortress, and with an eye to enterprise. I dark as to public transactions as can be conceived ; understand, by your account, that the post you however, I picked up some account of the act for occupy is at a very small distance from the end of settling the regency, and as, perhaps, you have not the Bay ; and should be glad to know how far that seen it, it will be well worth your perusal; it is a is from the nearest part of the Gulf of St. Law- subject of no small importance-as follows:- That rence, or from what (in the map) appears to be a the Princess of Wales (mother of the future George lake, or harbor, communicating with that gulf. I the Third, then a minor) is to be guardian of the rejoice much that you command that detachment Prince of Wales, (George Third, whose father,