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rods, many dressed in orthodox scarlet. Balliol. It has set the example of At the present day the number of hunt estimating success by first classes. ing men can be counted on the fingers of It has preached to the undergraduate both hands. The livery stables could a lesson of “getting on" as the highest probably tell a sad tale of the change goal for his ambition, and its definition in this respect, and Charlie Symonds of “getting on " has steadily been the and Joe Tollit have both had to deplore acquisition of material honours. Other the evanescent character of their colleges have had to follow suit, mainly fortunes. Again, it is, of course, a because the presenceorabsence of underdemocratic age, and one can scarcely graduates within their walls is vital to expect that the same attention should their existence at a time when landed be paid to the externals of dress as property has so fallen in value. From heretofore. But it is only within re an educational point of view, however, cent times that the costumes of the it is an ignoble race, and he who wins cricket - ground and the river have is in many respects the chief loser. been thought sufficient for the High Rare, indeed, is the undergraduate Street. Not very long ago a Proc who has sufficient warmth of heart tor would have thought himself jus or generosity of temperament to let tified in arresting and fining an himself dream. One would think that undergraduate dressed at five if there was any place in the world o'clock in the afternoon. Now youths in which it would be right to dream, in unseemly arrangements of dirty it would be here, among the inflannels and bare legs will not only exhaustible memories inspired by the elbow their unconcerned way through noblest and most romantic of English the most crowded parts of the town, cities. But it does not pay to dream; but will recline cheek by jowl with and the fierce eagerness of the speacademic dignitaries on the sofas of cialists has rendered impossible the the Union. Men are more careless old Platonic culture, where beautiful in these matters than they used to sights and beautiful sounds could win be, as might be expected from an era the soul of the student to that beauty which has built the hideous lodgings which is but another name for the of King Edward Street and has true and the good. tolerated a tramway in the most Perhaps these are only the reflecbeautiful thoroughfare in Europe. tions of one who is unhappy enough Apart from such purely external to be a reactionary, and who seeks to characteristics, it would appear that shelter himself beneath Dr. Newman's the average undergraduate has grown plea that “it is Oxford's very place to more practical, more unimaginative, be old-fashioned.” Certainly, to be oldmore calculating, more shrewd. It fashioned is the last thing a young is a constant complaint amongst academic reformer would aim at in tutors that candidates for honours the present day: in him the chief in the Schools will only busy them effort is to be abreast of all the selves with such lectures and essays quickly-changing phases of modern

are likely to be immediately society, to live up, as it is said, to the helpful for their future examina times. But it would be foolish to tion. Perhaps the value set

ignore the many good elements which prizes and on classes, the unfortu can be found in the composition of nate rivalry between colleges in these the present undergraduate. Never matters, and the encouragement given perhaps in the whole course of bis to such a commercial spirit by the history did he do so much hard publication of statistics in the daily work: of all the charges brought press, have had much to do with against him by his pastors and this result. If so, there is hardly masters, nothing is so unfair as to any institution more culpable than reproach him with idleness. He is too




practical to be idle; and the same it is early as yet to estimate all the spirit which makes him demand ready results, and only those who know money prices of his bootmaker or his most about this department of Univertailor, makes him also very keen to sity life ought to venture upon an secure the best teaching and the most opinion. The possible dangers are ob“paying" method of getting up his vious, not as some College authorities work. He does not much believe in have declared, the waste of time, but his teachers, it is true, and perhaps he rather the growth of a juvenile is not far wrong.

But he expects

Bohemianism. The story was prevalent everything to be done for him by the in Oxford a short time ago that a authorities : he desires lectures on every prominent writer on the Bohemian portion of his work, just as he requires press of London was entertained in one all his wine to be furnished at cost of the colleges, and given the privilege price out of college stores. And he of witnessing a Greek play. So easy is a very fair judge of both the is it to combine classical tastes with intellectual and the material article. the instincts of the Strand. And Even in his clubs he is not going to perhaps when undergraduates recite pay a shilling more for his dinner than on a public stage and talk of their he ought to pay; and the result is that acquaintance with green-rooins, it is his clubs are extremely well-managed, not unreasonable to feel uneasy. Still, and on the whole economical. So, too, such rumours may be only the invenhe rates his college according to the tions of those who for whatever cause same standard as his own institutions. dislike the stage ; and at all events If they serve his interests (as he un there is a wide difference between the derstands them), well and good: if not, institution of a theatre and the he will go elsewhere. He is thoroughly existence of amateur dramatic independent, thoroughly practical, and club. Oxford has both, and such evils perhaps it may be added, thoroughly as may exist are apparently more connarrow in both his judgments and his nected with the latter than with the manner of life. It is not for nothing former. The subject is not an easy that Science has established her hide one to discuss for any one who is imous palaces in the Parks.

perfectly acquainted with the details Like the general society of Oxford, of the theatrical movement. It is society among the undergraduates tends sufficient for an observer to note how also to become more cosmopolitan, or striking is the general tendency to rather more metropolitan. If the mar enlarge the borders, as it were, of the ried Fellow has now to unlearn his usual University, and to make Oxford a talk about his pupils and the schools, suburb of London. and to learn how to smoke a cigarette at dessert, so too the undergraduate

For this is the most general tendency, must have his theatre and see the which serves to explain alike the infashionable plays, without the necessity tellectual and the social changes which of running up to town. Mr. Stedman Oxford has undergone and is under: and his contributors have many allu going. It springs from an honourable sions to the theatre, which they rightly and well-intentioned desire to make assume to have been one of the most the University national, to make notable contributions of the Master of it popular, “to make it go down," Balliol to the distractions of modern according to the conventional phrase, Oxford. In some respects the influence with every section and interest in of the theatre has been undoubtedly England. Thus science is encouraged good. It has given men something and dissent is welcomed, and there is better than the doubtful attractions an endless multiplication of schools of the billiard-room and the certain and examiners to keep pace with the vulgarities of the music-hall.

But endless multiplicity of contemporary

studies. Oxford strains her ears to catch the echoes of the outside world, and for her the outside world is London. There is much in such a centripetal tendency which has borne good fruit. It has relieved Oxford of some of its priggishness and pedagogism: that which used to be called donnishness is now wellnigh a tradition of the past. But for the same reason, the peculiar essence of the old Oxford life has evaporated. There is no special Oxford spirit: it has vanished into thin air. The newer atmosphere has certain bracing qualities : it breathes a larger tolerance and freedom from routine ; but it has also filled the lungs with

something of the metropolitan fog. It is well sometimes to reflect that there was a time when Oxford did not boast of being emancipated and worldly. Then others might talk of her provincialism, but for herself, she did not desire to compete with the commercial centres, with London, and Birmingham, and Liverpool. She hugged her own chains, and dreamt her own dream. A foolish dream it may be, if judge by worldly canons, but not an ignoble one;

for the visions which passed before her slumbering eyes were those of classical refinement and cloistered peace.




(A SOUTH AMERICAN SKETCH.) As one journeys in a south-westerly relate here how the commandante found direction from Buenos Ayres towards promotion and a rich wife in consethe Andes, leaving behind the railways quence, or how Waikeleofu shortly of advancing civilization and the flat, died, partly from rum, partly from a far-stretching pastures, here and there general disinclination to live in his divided by wire fences and dotted with altered surroundings. His faithful estancia houses, whose white walls can followers who survived him buried scarce be seen through the surround him with all due rites, and slaughtered ing clumps of trees, one comes by slow a horse over his grave, that he might stages and painful travelling to a have something to ride when he arrived country equally flat and far more at his new destination. desolate, where the soft grasses, meet Waikeleofu was gone, and his place for sheep and cattle, give way to the knew him no

Settlers came hard and unprofitable pampas that there and built their ranchos, and stretches its feathered heads on all profited by his absence. The land had sides to the horizon. Not a tree is in probably been sold in large tracts by sight, and hardly a habitation, save an the government to capitalists who occasional squatter's hut with its mud considered it yet too distant to yield built walls and grass-thatched roof, any immediate profit. The country around which stray, half-hidden in the still had its drawbacks: it was terribly tall grass, a few horses or cows, or a far from any market, and although flock of ragged sheep. Only a few good pasture was fairly abundant, years ago and not even they would

pumas were also abundant, and well have been seen ; for not far distant pleased to carry off a sheep now and lay the great lake, the Laguna de los then, much preferring a diet of mutIndios, and near it were the toldos of ton to one of venison. Nevertheless, Waikeleofu and his tribe. Poor Wai when one pays no rent it is not good to keleofu ! he led a pleasant life as grumble over much (unless, of course, cacique with some two hundred lances

Irish farmer); and the setbehind him. Fine it was to scour tlers in general, and Anselmo Alvarez the plain, chasing the fleet deer or in particular, were well content with fleeter ostrich; or better still to sweep the locality. off in some night raid the cattle of a Like the others, Anselmo Alvarez too-confiding settler. What if they was a mere squatter, settling on land did murder and pillage—were they not which belonged to some city merchant the true sons of the country, and who who was probably ignorant even of the had a better right than they? But whereabouts of his property; but unevil times and an ambitious com like the others, he had been possessed mandante fell upon Waikeleofu. His of a considerable amount of stock toldos were surrounded and burnt, his before bad years and heavy losses had men were massacred or taken prison driven him with the scanty remnant ers, and he, with many others, was of his flocks to take refuge in what was brought bound to Buenos Ayres, where practically no man's land. An old man he was exhibited to the curious at so he was, of a short but wiry build, with much a head. It is not necessary to keen, greedy eyes, that seemed out of

one is

“ Don

place in his otherwise heavy and stupid Pedro was not to be shaken off so looking features. His neighbours dis easily. When the Alvarez family that liked and rather feared him : his wife, year moved out westwards to the new Maria Mercedes, feared and worshipped territory, he also left the home of his him; and his niece, Juana Alvarez, father and, following them, took serknew not whether she hated or feared vice with an Englishman who had him most. He had a passion for try bought and stocked a large tract of ing to outwit his neighbours which had land in their neighbourhood. He was done much towards ruining him in his very young, Pedro, and had fallen in old neighbourhood : he had a passion love with Juana with all the fervour of for horse-racing, cards and rum, which a first passion. He was proud of his had helped not a little to the same end; conquest too, for she was the prettiest and he bore a passionate resentment girl in all the country round. How against a certain Juan Romano, a could he forget her? Could he forget former neighbour, who had had the that evening when he first met her in bad taste to prosper where Anselmo the shearer's dance, a slight girl of had almost starved; and who had actu sixteen in a fresh white frock with a ally bought the land upon which he red flower in her dark hair, so slight had originally settled.

and fragile that he could scarce feel News came that Juan Romano had her weight as she clung to him, slowly been made alcalde of the old district. turning in the never-ending habañeras ?

Juan ! " " sneered Anselmo. All that night he had danced with her “Look you, how rotten eggs come to alone, heedless of the grins and innuenthe top of the water. Qué tipo !and does of the others, mindful only of those he spat on the floor. “I knew his downcast eyes, veiled with their long father before him, a man without lashes, and the soft cheeks that flushed shame, a robber, and this is the son of in answer to his wbispered words. his father. What more would you When the morning came, and el viejo, have ?And then he would glare at who had been gambling all night, had his piece, who had her reason for liking ridden off too drunk to remember that the Romano family, and who would he was leaving his niece behind, Pedro put on an air of very ill-feigned in- saddled her horse and put her on it. difference as she moved about her And then-while he arranged the household duties.

heavy folds of the poncho, to guard When a girl is eighteen, and has a her against the chill morning air, pretty face, it is good to have a lover; was it she who bent down her head ? but it is better to choose one who is He knew not how it happened, his acceptable to her family, and Juana arms had found their way round that had been singularly unfortunate in the slender waist, and hers around his neck: choice of hers. Pedro Romano was their lips had met in a long, lingering everything that could be desired in the kiss, and his eyes had seen in those point of outward appearance, and a dark eyes of hers a fire they had never very good fellow to boot; but then he seen before. How could he give her was a Romano, and, as the old Anselmo up? Could he forget those stolen would have added, the son of his interviews—alas ! so short and far befather. It was not wonderful, then, tween? No, he would get good wages that his visits to their old home had from the Englishman, save his money been hardly tolerated, and had finally and become rich ; or perhaps the Engended in an explosion ; after which lishman would give him a flock to take Pedro was forbidden the house, and care of and a house on the land ; and poor Juana had sobbed herself to sleep then-and then Pedro swore by all the for many a night, having lost a lover saints in the calendar, and by some that and received a good beating in ex were not saints at all, that he would change.

have Juana Alvarez to be his wife. No. 338.-VOL. LVII.


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