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in that space, as above stated, is only aggeration, as one that, in some form 14,302, there is one only to every one or o:her, has demands upon the hundred and twenty inhabitants. In faculties through all the daylight other words, in the most wealthy,ex. hours of the solar year. Besides, it tensive, and influential city of the should be considered that, to say empire, the mart of nations, and the nothing of a large number of milicentre of many of the most import. tary and naval gentlemen, whose ant movements which engage and avocations and pursuits are somefix the attention of Europe and the what desultory, there is in London civilized world, -and where, above a constant influx of foreigners : of most others, religion ought to arise these many are from Papal states ; and shine,- the Wesleyan society is others, though perhaps divested of comparatively weak, and far beneath religious prejudices, understand the the standard maintained in the ma. English language imperfectly, and nufacturing districts.
are scarcely within the reach of But, in instituting a comparison pulpit iufluence, bowever energeticbetween the numerical strength of ally it may be called into action ; the Wesleyars of any other city or while others (and these perhaps form town in the kingdom, and those in the majority) are so filled and satuLondon, reference must be made rated with politics and traffic, that not only to the superabundance of it is almost impossible to attract their its inhabitants, but to the grade of notice. society to which they belong, not On the other hand, it must be forgetting also the peculiarity of the allowed, that though these circumhabils, pursuits, and predilections stances create difficulties, in an en. of very large classes, concerning the deavour to promote religion, they whole of which it may be said that ought to be combated, and may be it is no easy matter to bring them conquered. If the fight be sharp, within the sound of Gospel truth. so much greater will be the victory, In no other city of the empire are and the reward will be ample. It the wide extremes of human society may be difficult to teach aliens and brought into such close fellowship. strangers the way of truth, and to In the western squares of London, reach the position of many others, misery and magnificence are fre. whether noted for worldly elevation, quently next-door neighbours, and or depressed by want; but the things separated from each other by little impossible with men, are possible to more than a party wall or two. To God. Wesleyanism has always been an unpractised eye, the palaces of remarkable for the manner in which aristocracy reveal nothing of the it has overcome obstacles, and if sort; but, seen or concealed, poverty means are devised to enlarge its is nigh, and enough of it. On the influence in the metropolis, the ad. eastern quarter, the world of mer vantages may be greater than words chandise is seen, with the rough can tell; the port of London may boldness of those “whose cry is in send out its vessels, which shall be the ship ;' but with regard to the navigated by men who are living entire mass of inhabitants, from the witnesses of the truth, a portable owner of the lofty mansion to the “light for all nations,” to guide poor fellow who sweeps its chimneys, them to the haven of peace. all seem to be borne along on the In the judgment of persons, well forceful tide of incessant occupation. qualified to decide, there is not the People have spoken of long hours smallest difficulty in detecting one of labour in the factories of the cause which hinders the Wesleyan north. Long they undoubtedly have societies of London from obtainbeen ; but in London it is difficult ing the extension desired. It canto say when engagements intermit not be found in the laws and regulaor end; and were it not that the tions of that body; for the principles of Sabbath comes with its healing vir- its general government and adininistue, the day of metropolitan labour tration are the same in every place : might be described with small ex neither can it be traced to the pro
pagation of unsound or erroneous cuits, taking care that building-si!es doctrine; for, in this respect also, be carefully selected, and that every the theology of Methodism is uni chapel to be erected be capable of form, and confined to the exclusive containing not less than a thousand standard of scriptural authority: nor hearers. can it be affirmed, that in any of the No one, it is trusted, will imagine common usages, in respect either 10 that these remarks are intended to Pastors or people, the least variation lower the value of the small preachexists between town and country; ing-places, scattered more or less unless, indeed, it be that the spiri. over each of the London Circuits. tual privileges of London are supe Far from it. rior; and if this fact be admitted, it
“When at first the work began, greatly strengthens the position as
Small and feeble was the day:" sumed; for improvement in the same degree ought to follow.
as the strong oak was once inclosed The formidable barrier to the in the cup of the acorn, so several, if spread of evangelical truth, by the not every one, of the well-established means of Wesleyan preaching, is to Wesleyan societies in London were be found in insufficient chapel accom once contained within narrow limits. modution ; and whoever can devise But it by no means follows, because means for the removal of that de religion was once constrained to take fect, will dispose of one of the most up its abode in barns and wareserious existing impediments to the rooms, that it shall remain there. growth of Bible Christianity in the Holes and corners inay do very well central city; whose moral condition, as a deposit for the rubbish of Socias the heart of the kingdom, sends alism, or any other error akin to it; forth pulsations and influences, the and happily for public morals, proeffect of which, whether for good or perty raised in London merely for evil, strength or weakness, is felt the purposes of amusement, is a through every artery and vein of the commodity which, whether placed in body.
high-ways or by-ways, few would Not that this want of Wesleyan accept, 'even as a gift, unless on chapels is mentioned as a discovery: condition of a complete change of the evil has been noticed and de- object. But good deeds should plored on numerous occasions, and be placed in a good position. it remains unsubdued for no other There should be vantage-ground reason, than that hitherto no ade whereon to stand, and room enough quate measures have been taken to wherein work. Sixty years remove it. Local liberality has no ago, it was debated among gay doubt exerted itself beneficially in and frivolous men, whether Wesseveral populous districts, by means leyans should be tolerated in any of which places of worship have form; and it was then deemed been enlarged or erected; and, so singular to find them emerge from far as such efforts extend, they con the inferior purlieus of the town. fer a valuable buon ; but experience Not exactly so now. They are betshows more clearly than ever, that ter known and received. Many have the spiritual necessities of a vast found, that, after all the obloquy cast and widely-spread metropolis, can upon religion, there is something in never be met unless houses for it, and that its professors nay be religious assembly be erected upon reasonable men. This result is sure a scale proportioned to the number to be produced, whenever good and of settled inhabitants.
evil principles are in collision. “The In other words, for this is the vision may tarry; but it will speak in proposition within which the ques. the end, and will not lie." tion now raised resolves itself,--a Wesleyans are
now therefore desire is felt to secure such com called upon to aim at greater pubbination of mind and effort, as shall licity throughout the metropolis
. lead to the erection of Wesleyan Chapels should be erected upon chapels in the eight London Cir. spots so noted and familiar, that the
attention of passengers should be the manifest desire of his hearers : arrested. “Wisdom” must be al the very thing that must be done lowed to cry without, in the chief
Whoever takes a retrospect place of concourse, in the openings of of public events for the last few the gates ;' and though a command- years, will perceive that, in the ing position may cost a little more, propagation of any tenet or system, it will be cheapest in the end, and The most effective measures for its most productive. Recent events go enforcement are taken within the far to prove that the reasons which, walls of some suitable building. for fifty years, have existed for the There have, it is true, been certain erection of Wesleyan metropolitan attempts at out-door speaking, both chapels, now apply themselves with ly Tee-totallers and Chartists ; but greater force than ever. That body these orators, all and sundry, have of Christian professors has never seldom secured an audience, and stood obtrusively forward, though never an attentive one.
And even occasion 10 advance has not been with regard to the preaching of the wanting ; but now they must seek Gospel, it is submitted, of course a local habitation, and a tenable with deference, that open-air preachabode. Nor will it be quite irrele. ing is less effective than formerly. vant to state, that, by providing a Many able and zealous men have decent roof, under which divine occasionally, as Whitefield used to worship shall be conducted, the say, “gone forth without the camp, usual and long-standing practices bearing his reproach ;” but geneof Wesleyanism will be preserved. rally speaking, the listlessness of the Mr. Wesley, from the very begin. spectators has indicated a decided ning of his public career, used to preference for the worship of God say, “I do not desire to go before, within the precincts of the sanc. but to follow, the leadings of Pro. tuary. That this view is adopted vidence.” He was often an invited both hy Episcopalians and Dissenguest, but never an unbidden in- ters, is evident: witness the numetruder; and if, in process of time, rous churches and chapels of recent he became the public teacher of his erection. people, and an eminent one, it was The malady, therefore, under not that he sought the office, but which the Wesleyan interest in Lonthat those who tvirsted for instruc- don has laboured, consists in extion sought out and selected him. cessive confinement. The remedy, He at first preached in cathedrals if effectual, must secure an enlargeand churches; when excluded from ment of its borders, so that the them, he took refuge in private healthsul exercise of its pent-up houses, in assembly-rooms, in town. powers may induce an increase of halls, in theatres, in barns; then in liberty and health.
Taken as the open air, with the sky for statement of facts, this paper may his sounding-board, by means of at least be useful in exciting attenwbich, or some other heavenly tion to an important subject in agency, he was so mightily assisted, quarters where effective co-operation as to make himself heard by three may arise, and be beneficially apor four thousand persons at once. plied. There is in London no lack After that he retired with dignity of means for producing chapel-room; to the chapels that successively and while the heart indites good arose in his Connexion ; that is, he matter, hands will be found to conconsulted the taste and tendency of vert sound theory to profitable practhe times in which he lived, and tice.
ROBERT RAIKES, ESQ., AND THE SABBATH-SCHOOL ON
THE GREEN.” (To the Editor of the Wesleyan-Methodist Magazine.) As Sunday-schools are becoming lady surrounded by her docile and a general topic of conversation and listening tribe. 'The light from of notice, it īnay be interesting to beaven lit up his spirit,-a light put on record the following fact, which has enkindled nation after related by the late Rev. Thomas Ro- nation! a light now reaching into berts, of Bath, forty years ago; at eternity, whilst countless throngs the same time requesting me to admire and extol that wisdom so accompany him to a village near beautifully described by the AposGloucester, for the purpose of visit tle: “God hath chosen the foolish ing the place where an elderly pious things of the world to confound woman (a Methodist) had long lived the wise ; and God hath chosen the on what was called “the Green,' weak things of the world to conwhere the children of the village found the things which are mighty; had been accustomed to assemble and base things of the world, and every Lord's day as though it had things which are despised, hath been their appropriate play-ground. God chosen, yea, and things which This greatly moved the righteous are not, to bring to nought things soul of the Christian spectator; and
which are!” Neither ought it to often and earnestly did she pray, be forgotten, that such that God; would be pleased to em enthusiasm of Mr. Roberts, when ploy her in some way to be useful speaking on this subject, that he to them. She was in humble life, said, “If a monument be raised to but knew that the Lord did not Robert Raikes as the founder of despise the day of small things. Sabbath-schools, there ought to be a At length, as though awakening primary one to the Christian woman from a dream, a novel object ar as the originator of the scheme; rested her attention by presenting for she pre-eminently took the lead a view beyond that of "the green,' in that work of mercy.” And it 80 often covered with the sportive was his wish that such a monuinent gambols of frolicsome youth: ano. should be raised, by every Sabbathther feeling was aroused, which scholar subscribing, if only to the induced the inquiry, “ What can be amount of one halfpenny; which done to prevent this evil? Can would probably have been done, ere anything. be accomplished ? 18 this, but for the supineness of the there any step that I can take?” writer of this paper. Instantly she beckoned the children : If a trophy worthy of high and they approached : she showed them jubilant admiration and renown be pictures, telling them that on the wanting, let us look to “the village following Sabbath they should see green” in Gloucestershire.
How more, and then she would tell them simple in its origin, yet how rich and the meaning of what they saw. glorious in its consequences !-like The little folks did not forget her a grain of mustard seed, which invitation; nor did the Scripture is the least of all seeds; but when history, when related in this simple it is grown, it is the greatest among and affectionate manner, fail to win herbs, and becometh a tree, so that their attention ; Sabbath after Sab the birds of the air come and lodge bath they Hocked around her; and in the branches thereof." Here is soon did she perceive that God the description, the parallel, the had answered her prayer, and that completion, which constitutes a
the inspiration of her living exhibition, an undeniable effort and her theme. After a
exemplification, that “the word of while the case obtained publicity; the Lord abideth for ever.” Little so that Robert Raikes, on hearing did the lowly, retired Christian of it, went to see the patriarchal think what would be the produce
of the grain of mustard-seed thus ther: “My thoughts are not your scattered by her feeble hand! But thoughts, neither are your ways my unconscious as she was of its in- ways, saith the Lord.” He sets his crease and its growth, the branches seal, his blessing, on the poor. have multiplied, and the birds con (Luke vi. 20.)
Blessed are ye tinue to come and lodge under its that weep now, blessed are ye that wide-spreading shadow! And still hunger, blessed when
men shall it offers and gives shelter to many revile, hate, reproach, persecute a poor, lost, wandering spirit! And you." All this is congruous with to whom are the nations of the what is revealed of the birth, life, earth indebted for this unspeakable and death of “the sent of God.” blessing? To God, the Author and His humiliation is the Christians' Giver of all good. And on whom honour and inheritance; his sorrow, did he please to confer the honour their consolation; his contumely, of becoming the first instrument derision, and mockery, their fame of doing such service? It was on and highest reputation; and his one who might safely be intrusted death of torture and of agony, the with the task. It was evident that Christians' paradise. Look we, then, she looked to, and depended upon, once more on the poor, humble God to appoint her work,-any work, saint in her retired cottage, and we no matter of what sort ! and then, behold in her the most befitting it was the fruit of prayer. She instrument to give the A B C of was, in fact, like Saul of Tarsus, instruction; the wisdom of God led into it blindfold ! There was
being peculiarly manifest in the also another Saul, who was sent to selection of one so suitable for the seek asses, and instead thereof he work. An intricate and stately found a kingdom ; (1 Sam. ix. 3; apparatus might have caught the X. 24 ;) but who would have thought eye of inspection, and probably of it possible that such results should invention ; but it would have been follow the child-like action of show. comparatively lost labour. Whereas ing pictures to playful youths ? no design in this instance was visiand who could have imagined such ble, no human skill was requisite. consequences would have ensued What was needful was at hand; from the crying babe lying in a that hand there instantly basket among bulrushes in the stretched forth to beckon the gazing river of Egypt? (Exod. ii. 5, 6.) children. The signal was no sooner Well does the tissue of the case given, than the rustic host prepared merit our notice! The whole affair for the battle, not armed as in question is admirable ; for, by riors, but each ready to take a sling a woman, a Methodist, in seclusion and stone to defeat the Goliath of and in obscurity, the mighty move ignorance. Let man, with his carment commenced ! not by a man, nal wisdom, succumb to the “vilwise, learned, far-seeing, calculat- lage green,” and own that "it was ing, firmly resolving, and promptly not by might, nor by power, but performing. Here, then, is evi. by my Spirit,” as the Lord hath dence to silence the gainsayer, that said. God will not give his glory to ano
SPANISH MARTYRS OF THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY.
(To the Editor of the Wesleyan-Methodist Magazine.) The second auto-de-fé, or act of II., together with his son, bis sister, faith, in the city of Valladolid, the Prince of Parina, three Ambaswas celebrated October 8th, 1559. sadors from France, and a large It was attended by the King, Philip assemblage of Prelates and nobility.
Vol. XXIII. Third Series. August, 1844. 2 Z